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Structural equation modeling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944224/the-relationship-between-parental-rearing-behavior-resilience-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
Ju Ryoung Moon, Jinyoung Song, June Huh, I-Seok Kang, Seung Woo Park, Sung-A Chang, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun
OBJECTIVES: Parental rearing behavior is one factor that influences the strength of resilience. In turn, resilience influences depression. However, it is unclear whether resilience has a mediating effect on the relationship between parental rearing and depression in adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Therefore, the associations between parental rearing behavior and resilience and between rearing behavior and symptoms of depression were investigated with respect to age, gender and disease severity...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943984/factors-affecting-pharmacy-engagement-and-pharmacy-customer-devotion-in-community-pharmacy-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#2
Sujin Nitadpakorn, Karen B Farris, Tanattha Kittisopee
BACKGROUND: The concept of customer engagement and devotion has been applied in various service businesses to keep the customers with business However, a limited number of studies were performed to examine the context of customer engagement and devotion in pharmacy business which focus on the impact of customer perceptions about pharmacists, perceived quality of pharmacy structure, medication price strategy on pharmacy engagement and pharmacy customer devotion in a pharmacy providing pharmaceutical care to the customers...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943753/grateful-parents-raising-grateful-children-niche-selection-and-the-socialization-of-child-gratitude
#3
William A Rothenberg, Andrea M Hussong, Hillary A Langley, Gregory A Egerton, Amy G Halberstadt, Jennifer L Coffman, Irina Mokrova, Philip R Costanzo
Given that children's exposure to gratitude-related activities may be one way that parents can socialize gratitude in their children, we examined whether parents' niche selection (i.e., tendency to choose perceived gratitude-inducing activities for their children) mediates the association between parents' reports of their own and their children's gratitude. Parent-child dyads (N =101; children aged 6-9; 52% girls; 80% Caucasian; 85% mothers) participated in a laboratory visit and parents also completed a seven-day online diary regarding children's gratitude...
2017: Applied Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943695/adolescents-religiousness-and-substance-use-are-linked-via-afterlife-beliefs-and-future-orientation
#4
Christopher J Holmes, Jungmeen Kim-Spoon
Although religiousness has been identified as a protective factor against adolescent substance use, processes through which these effects may operate are unclear. The current longitudinal study examined sequential mediation of afterlife beliefs and future orientation in the relation between adolescent religiousness and cigarette, alcohol, and marijuana use. Participants included 131 adolescents (mean age at Time 1 = 12 years) at three time points with approximately two year time intervals. Structural equation modeling indicated that higher religiousness at Time 1 was associated with higher afterlife beliefs at Time 2...
October 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943477/augmenting-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-by-an-online-intervention-psychological-mechanisms
#5
Jan Keller, Susannah Motter, Mirjam Motter, Ralf Schwarzer
OBJECTIVE: Fruit and vegetable (FV) intake was examined among men and women who participated in an online intervention. The psychological constructs involved were outcome expectancies, behavioral intention, planning, and self-efficacy. One purpose of the analyses was the evaluation of a self-efficacy treatment component. The other purpose of the analyses regarded the role of psychological mechanisms that might be responsible for individual differences in the process of behavior change...
September 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943474/state-and-trait-positive-and-negative-affectivity-in-relation-to-restraint-intention-and-binge-eating-among-adults-with-obesity
#6
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Ross D Crosby, Scott G Engel, Scott J Crow, Stephen A Wonderlich, Carol B Peterson
Restraint and binge eating are cognitive and behavioral processes that are particularly important in the context of obesity. While extensive research has focused on negative affect (NA) in relation to binge eating, it is unclear whether affective valence (i.e., positive versus negative) and stability (i.e., state versus trait) differentially predict binge eating and restraint among individuals with obesity. Distinguishing between valence and stability helps elucidate under which affective contexts, and among which individuals, restraint and binge eating are likely to occur...
September 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943126/computing-the-joint-distribution-of-the-total-tree-length-across-loci-in-populations-with-variable-size
#7
Alexey Miroshnikov, Matthias Steinrücken
In recent years, a number of methods have been developed to infer complex demographic histories, especially historical population size changes, from genomic sequence data. Coalescent Hidden Markov Models have proven to be particularly useful for this type of inference. Due to the Markovian structure of these models, an essential building block is the joint distribution of local genealogical trees, or statistics of these genealogies, at two neighboring loci in populations of variable size. Here, we present a novel method to compute the marginal and the joint distribution of the total length of the genealogical trees at two loci separated by at most one recombination event for samples of arbitrary size...
September 21, 2017: Theoretical Population Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943098/longitudinal-dispersion-coefficients-for-numerical-modeling-of-groundwater-solute-transport-in-heterogeneous-formations
#8
Jonghyun Lee, Massimo Rolle, Peter K Kitanidis
Most recent research on hydrodynamic dispersion in porous media has focused on whole-domain dispersion while other research is largely on laboratory-scale dispersion. This work focuses on the contribution of a single block in a numerical model to dispersion. Variability of fluid velocity and concentration within a block is not resolved and the combined spreading effect is approximated using resolved quantities and macroscopic parameters. This applies whether the formation is modeled as homogeneous or discretized into homogeneous blocks but the emphasis here being on the latter...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942105/parental-stress-family-quality-of-life-and-family-teacher-partnerships-families-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Yun-Ju Hsiao, Kyle Higgins, Tom Pierce, Peggy J Schaefer Whitby, Richard D Tandy
BACKGROUND: Reducing parental stress and improving family quality of Life (FQOL) are continuing concerns for families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Family-teacher partnerships have been identified as a positive factor to help parents reduce their stress and improve their FQOL. However, the interrelations among parental stress, FQOL, and family-teacher partnerships need to be further examined so as to identify the possible paths to help parents reduce their stress and improve their FQOL...
September 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940003/oil-shale-powders-and-their-interactions-with-ciprofloxacin-ofloxacin-and-oxytetracycline-antibiotics
#10
Asmae Gouza, Sanaa Saoiabi, Miloud El Karbane, Sylvie Masse, Guillaume Laurent, Ahmed Rami, Ahmed Saoiabi, Abdelaziz Laghzizil, Thibaud Coradin
The interaction of oil shale, as a widespread sedimentary rock, with common antibiotics ofloxacine, oxytetracycline, and ciprofloxacine was studied. The selected Moroccan deposit and its thermally treated forms were fully characterized from a chemical and structural point of view, indicating the prevalence of quartz as a mineral component together with aluminum- and iron-rich phase that are converted into Al-doped iron oxide phases upon heating. The presence of 4 wt% organics was also detected, which was removed at 550 °C without significant loss of specific surface area...
September 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939098/structural-equations-modelling-of-drivers-speed-selection-using-environmental-driver-and-risk-factors
#11
Reut Sadia, Shlomo Bekhor, Abishai Polus
Drivers' speed has significant implications on road users' safety in general, and particularly so if a crash occurs. This paper explores the influence of environmental and road characteristics, situational factors, and individual characteristics on drivers' observed speed selection in a simulator experiment. The paper presents a theoretical framework for drivers' speed selection, and applies structural equation modeling for the various factors examined. The simulator experiments collected data of 111 drivers driving in 4 different scenarios composed of 22 segments for each scenario...
September 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938151/elucidation-of-shared-and-specific-white-matter-findings-underlying-psychopathology-clusters-in-schizophrenia
#12
Jeanette Lim, Rowena Chin, New Fei Ho, Max Lam, Min Yi Sum, Simon Collinson, Lisa Phillips, Tih-Shih Lee, Balázs Zoltán Gulyás, Juan Zhou, Kang Sim
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with diverse white matter (WM) brain abnormalities. In this study, we sought to examine the WM microstructural findings which underlie clinical psychopathology clusters in schizophrenia and hypothesized that these symptom clusters are associated with common and unique WM tracts. METHODS: Overall, 76 healthy controls (HC), and 148 patients with schizophrenia (SZ) were recruited and severity of symptomatology in schizophrenia was assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale...
September 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936227/hospital-nurses-attitudes-negative-perceptions-and-negative-acts-regarding-workplace-bullying
#13
Shu-Ching Ma, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Tsair-Wei Chien
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying is a prevalent problem in today's work places that has adverse effects on both bullying victims and organizations. To investigate the predictors of workplace bullying is an important task to prevent bullying victims of nurses in hospitals. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the relationships among nurses' attitudes, negative perceptions, and negative acts regarding workplace bullying under the framework of the theory of planned behavior (TPB)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936185/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-italian-mood-scale-itams-for-use-in-sport-and-exercise-contexts
#14
Alessandro Quartiroli, Peter C Terry, Gerard J Fogarty
The current study presents initial validation statistics for the Italian Mood Scale (ITAMS), a culturally- and linguistically-validated Italian version of the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS: Terry and Lane, 2010). The ITAMS was administered to 950 sport participants (659 females), who ranged in age from 16 to 63 years (M = 25.03, SD = 7.62). In the first stage of the validation process, statistical procedures in Mplus were used to evaluate the measurement model. Multigroup exploratory structural equation modeling supported the hypothesized 6-factor measurement model for males and females separately and for the combined sample...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934872/a-structural-equation-model-of-patient-healthcare-provider-relationships-and-hiv-infected-patient-outcomes-in-chinese-populations
#15
Wei-Ti Chen, Chengshi Shiu, Joyce P Yang, Peing Chuang, Lin Zhang, Meijuan Bao, Hongzhou Lu
Obtaining maximum antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence is critical for maintaining a high CD4 count and strong immune function in PLWHA. Key factors for achieving optimum adherence include good medication self-efficacy, decreased medication-taking difficulties, and positive patient-healthcare provider (HCP) relationships. Limited studies have analyzed the correlation of these factors and ART adherence in Chinese population. In this paper, structural equation modeling was performed to assess the proposed model of relations between patient-HCP relationships and adherence...
September 21, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933951/a-developmentally-relevant-approach-to-classifying-nonconsensual-sexual-experiences-in-the-study-of-women-s-sexual-well-being
#16
Chelsea D Kilimnik, Cindy M Meston
In this article we propose a sexual developmental approach to classifying the onset of nonconsensual sexual experiences (NSEs) that differs from the traditional age cutoff approach. Online measures of sexual self-schemas, sexual response, and sexual functioning were administered to 797 women with and without NSE histories. Women were grouped based on when their NSEs first occurred in reference to their age of menarche and age of their first consensual sexual experience (i.e., premenarche onset, postmenarche preconsensual onset, postconsensual onset, and no NSEs)...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933884/critical-action-as-a-pathway-to-social-mobility-among-marginalized-youth
#17
Luke J Rapa, Matthew A Diemer, Josefina Bañales
Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action-a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change-may bolster career development for those experiencing marginalization. Yet, the specific mechanisms underlying critical action-career development associations are not well understood...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933876/infant-iron-deficiency-child-affect-and-maternal-unresponsiveness-testing-the-long-term-effects-of-functional-isolation
#18
Patricia East, Betsy Lozoff, Estela Blanco, Erin Delker, Jorge Delva, Pamela Encina, Sheila Gahagan
Children who are iron deficient (ID) or iron-deficient anemic (IDA) have been shown to seek and receive less stimulation from their caregivers, contributing to functional isolation. Over time, the reduced interactions between child and caregiver are thought to interfere with the acquisition of normative social competencies and adversely affect the child's development. The current study examined functional isolation in children who were ID or IDA in infancy in relation to social difficulties in middle childhood and problem behaviors in adolescence...
September 21, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933870/the-role-of-young-adult-social-bonds-substance-problems-and-sexual-risk-in-pathways-between-adolescent-substance-use-and-midlife-risky-sexual-behavior-among-urban-african-americans
#19
Katarzyna A Zebrak, Kerry M Green
African Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections relative to other racial groups. Although substance use has been linked to risky sexual behavior, the understanding of how these associations develop over the life course remains limited, particularly the role of social bonds. This study uses structural equation modeling to examine pathways from adolescent substance use to young adult sexual risk, substance problems, and social bonds and then to midlife risky sexual behavior among African American men and women, controlling for childhood confounders...
September 21, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933566/validation-of-the-messi-among-adult-workers-and-young-students-general-health-and-personality-correlates
#20
Juan F Díaz-Morales, Christoph Randler, Arturo Arrona-Palacios, Ana Adan
The aim of this study was to provide validity for the Spanish version of the Morningness-Eveningness-Stability Scale - improved (MESSi), a novel evolved assessment of circadian typology which considers the subjective phase and amplitude by morning affect (MA), eveningness (EV) and distinctness (DI; subjective amplitude) sub-scales. Convergence validity of the MESSi with the reduced Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (rMEQ) and relationships with the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and sensitivity to reward and punishment (SR and SP) were analyzed...
September 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
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