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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343187/-hormonal-contraception-use-in-social-and-psychological-context
#1
Aleksandra Grzybek, Kamilla Bargiel-Matusiewicz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this article is to consider, form psychological point of view, hormonal contraception and its effects on women's body and health. Beliefs and decisions of young women in this area are the main plane of these analyzes. This study reflects on their motivations to use or not to use hormonal contraception and rate its influence on their body. It was also verified, if there is any difference in self-esteem between women who use and who do not use hormonal contraception...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342739/supervised-physical-therapy-vs-home-exercise-program-for-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-study
#2
Héctor Gutiérrez-Espinoza, David Rubio-Oyarzún, Cristian Olguín-Huerta, Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Monclus, Sebastian Pinto-Concha, Gonzalo Gana-Hervias
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical study. INTRODUCTION: Supervised physical therapy (PT) and home exercise programs (HEPs) are frequently used in the rehabilitation of patients with distal radius fracture (DRF). However, there is no consensus as to whether unsupervised HEP provides comparable benefits to those achieved by supervised PT. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare the improvements in pain and functional status between a supervised PT program and unsupervised HEP in DRF patients older than 60 years...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339309/the-use-of-non-invasive-ventilation-during-exercise-training-in-copd-patients
#3
Nicolino Ambrosino, Lixin Xie
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly used in addition to exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with the purpose to allow them to train at higher intensities. Different modalities of assisted ventilation have been used with benefits for relief of dyspnoea and increase in exercise capacity. Nevertheless there are some potential problems with the use of NIV in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes. Despite promising results, a generalised use of NIV during exercise training programmes is unlikely to have a role in routine settings...
March 24, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333613/collaborative-management-of-neurocognitive-disorders-in-primary-care-explorations-of-an-attempt-at-culture-change
#4
Lewis Mehl-Madrona, Barbara Mainguy
INTRODUCTION: Minor neurocognitive disorder (MiND; previously mild cognitive impairment) is a transitional zone between normal cognitive function and early stages of major neurocognitive disorder (previously called dementia). Of people with MiND, 5% to 10% progress to major neurocognitive disorder. Simple interventions such as memory activities, balance exercises, and anti-inflammatory diets have been shown to improve cognitive ability. Also, education and support in group settings have proved beneficial for patients with MiND...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332118/nutrition-and-training-influences-on-the-regulation-of-mitochondrial-adenosine-diphosphate-sensitivity-and-bioenergetics
#5
REVIEW
Graham P Holloway
Since the seminal finding almost 50 years ago that exercise training increases mitochondrial content in skeletal muscle, a considerable amount of research has been dedicated to elucidate the mechanisms inducing mitochondrial biogenesis. The discovery of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ co-activator 1α as a major regulator of exercise-induced gene transcription was instrumental in beginning to understand the signals regulating this process. However, almost two decades after its discovery, our understanding of the signals inducing mitochondrial biogenesis remain poorly defined, limiting our insights into possible novel training modalities in elite athletes that can increase the oxidative potential of muscle...
March 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332110/minimizing-injury-and-maximizing-return-to-play-lessons-from-engineered-ligaments
#6
REVIEW
Keith Baar
Musculoskeletal injuries account for more than 70% of time away from sports. One of the reasons for the high number of injuries and long return to play is that we have only a very basic understanding of how our training alters tendon and ligament (sinew) structure and function. Sinews are highly dense tissues that are difficult to characterize both in vivo and in vitro. Recently, engineered ligaments have been developed in vitro using cells from human anterior cruciate ligaments or hamstring tendons. These three-dimensional tissues can be grown in a laboratory, treated with agents thought to affect sinew physiology, and then mechanically tested to determine their function...
March 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332010/an-evidence-based-walking-program-among-older-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-the-pep-participant-exercise-preference-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Laurianne Loew, Lucie Brosseau, Glen P Kenny, Natalie Durand-Bush, Stéphane Poitras, Gino De Angelis, George A Wells
Knee osteoarthritis is a common joint problem leading to an increase of pain and a loss of function in older individuals. The main objective of this study was to evaluate if a participant who was randomly assigned to his preferred group improved his adherence to an effective walking program compared to a participant who did not receive his preferred group. This was a 9-month pilot randomized clinical trial, based on a patient treatment preferences design. The 69 eligible participants had a diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331638/effect-on-gait-speed-balance-motor-symptom-rating-and-quality-of-life-in-those-with-stage-i-parkinson-s-disease-utilizing-lsvt-big%C3%A2
#8
Beth Millage, Erin Vesey, Marsha Finkelstein, Mattie Anheluk
Individuals with Parkinson's Disease (PD) are often not referred to Physical Therapy (PT) until there are issues with mobility in later Hoehn and Yahr Stages. There have been no studies outlining the benefits of PT intervention in Stage I only. For persons with PD, deficits in motor function increase over time due to destruction of dopamine-producing cells. LSVT BIG, an exercise program for PD, has been shown to be effective in improving mobility. The purpose of this study was to assess participants functional improvement at a level of minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in one of four outcome measures: Gait Speed, Berg Balance Assessment, Functional Gait Assessment, and Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Motor Section...
2017: Rehabilitation Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330455/exergames-versus-self-regulated-exercises-with-instruction-leaflets-to-improve-adherence-during-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker, Stefan Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergames may improve adherence. This study therefore compared exergames with self-regulated exercise using instruction leaflets. The primary outcome was adherence. Secondary outcomes were enjoyment, motivation and balance during walking. METHODS: Design: single center parallel group non-blinded randomized controlled trial with central stratified randomization...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329846/daily-well-being-benefits-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-does-time-or-type-matter
#10
Brenda R Whitehead, Jessica M Blaxton
Purpose of the Study: There is little debate that maintaining some level of physical activity in later life conveys positive benefits both physically and psychologically. What is less understood is the extent to which the type of activity or the length of time spent doing it matters when it comes to these benefits on the daily level. Here, we investigated (a) whether the presence of daily purposeful exercise (Exercise) or non-exercise physical activity (Activity) is sufficient for experiencing day-level benefits, or if time spent matters, and (b) whether there are differential well-being benefits of Exercise and Activity on the daily level...
March 8, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329753/benefits-of-high-intensity-exercise-training-to-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-controlled-study
#11
Tobias Boeselt, Christoph Nell, Lea Lütteken, Katharina Kehr, Janine Koepke, Sandra Apelt, Martina Veith, Björn Beutel, Marc Spielmanns, Timm Greulich, Claus F Vogelmeier, Klaus Kenn, Sabina Janciauskiene, Peter Alter, A Rembert Koczulla
BACKGROUND: Various exercise training programs are used for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of different severity. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of individualized high-intensity training on exercise capacity with COPD. METHODS: A total of 49 patients agreed to participate. Of these, 31 were assigned to the training group and 18 served as controls. The training group exercised twice a week for 90 min with consecutively increasing loads...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329240/effect-of-breathing-oxygen-enriched-air-on-exercise-performance-in-patients-with-precapillary-pulmonary-hypertension-randomized-sham-controlled-cross-over-trial
#12
Silvia Ulrich, Elisabeth D Hasler, Stéphanie Saxer, Michael Furian, Séverine Müller-Mottet, Stephan Keusch, Konrad E Bloch
Aims: The purpose of the current trial was to test the hypothesis that breathing oxygen-enriched air increases exercise performance of patients with pulmonary arterial or chronic thrombo-embolic pulmonary hypertension (PAH/CTEPH) and to investigate involved mechanisms. Methods and results: Twenty-two patients with PAH/CTEPH, eight women, means ± SD 61 ± 14 years, resting mPAP 35 ± 9mmHg, PaO2 ambient air >7.3 kPa, underwent four bicycle ergospirometries to exhaustion on different days, while breathing oxygen-enriched (FiO2 0...
March 11, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329121/very-low-calorie-diets-for-weight-loss-in-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-trial
#13
Cilla J Haywood, Luke A Prendergast, Katrina Purcell, Lauren Le Fevre, Wen Kwang Lim, Mary Galea, Joseph Proietto
Background: Obesity contributes to disability in older adults, and this is offset by weight loss and exercise. Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCDs) achieve rapid weight loss; however, these have not been rigorously evaluated in older people. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted from August 2012 through December 2015. The intervention was 12 weeks of thrice weekly exercise combined with either healthy eating advice (Ex/HE), hypocaloric diet (Ex/Diet), or VLCD (Ex/VLCD)...
February 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327083/the-effect-of-an-interactive-cycling-training-on-cognitive-functioning-in-older-adults-with-mild-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
E G A Karssemeijer, W J R Bossers, J A Aaronson, R P C Kessels, M G M Olde Rikkert
BACKGROUND: To date there is no cure or an effective disease-modifying drug to treat dementia. Available acetylcholine-esterase inhibiting drugs or memantine only produce small benefits on cognitive and behavioural functioning and their clinical relevance remains controversial. Combined cognitive-aerobic interventions are an appealing alternative or add-on to current pharmacological treatments. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a combined cognitive-aerobic training and a single aerobic training compared to an active control group in older adults with mild dementia...
March 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326351/effects-of-low-dose-ibuprofen-supplementation-and-resistance-training-on-bone-and-muscle-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Whitney R D Duff, Saija A Kontulainen, Darren G Candow, Julianne J Gordon, Riley S Mason, Regina Taylor-Gjevre, Bindu Nair, Michael Szafron, Adam D G Baxter-Jones, Gordon A Zello, Philip D Chilibeck
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of nine months of exercise training and ibuprofen supplementation (given immeditately after exercise sessions) on bone and muscle in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized trial, participants (females: n = 90, mean age 64.8, SD 4.3 years) were assigned (computer generated, double blind) to receive supervised resistance training or stretching 3 days/week, and ibuprofen (400 mg, post-exercise) or placebo (i...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325087/physical-activity-correlates-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-a-systematic-review-of-45-studies
#16
Davy Vancampfort, James Mugisha, Justin Richards, Marc De Hert, Michel Probst, Brendon Stubbs
PURPOSE: Understanding barriers and facilitators of physical activity participation in persons living with HIV/AIDS is an essential first step in order to devise effective interventions. The present review provides a systematic quantitative review of the physical activity correlates in people with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: Major electronic databases were searched till August 2016. Keywords included "physical activity" or "exercise" or "sports" and "AIDS" or "HIV". RESULTS: Out of 55 correlates from 45 studies (N = 13,167; mean age range = 30...
March 22, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323625/the-effects-of-stretching-training-on-cardiac-autonomic-function-in-obese-postmenopausal-women
#17
Alexei Wong, Marcos Sanchez-Gonzalez, Roy Kalfon, Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Arturo Figueroa
Context • Menopause and obesity are associated with autonomic dysfunction. Unconventional exercise modalities that include an important flexibility component seem to improve cardiac autonomic function by lowering sympathetic tone and increasing vagal modulation of the heart rate (HR). Yet clear evidence of the effects of stretching training (ST) on cardiac autonomic modulation is limited. Objective • The present study intended to examine the effects of ST on HR variability (HRV) and flexibility in obese postmenopausal women...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323574/the-effects-of-an-increased-calorie-breakfast-consumed-prior-to-simulated-match-play-in-academy-soccer-players
#18
Marc A Briggs, Liam D Harper, Ged McNamee, Emma Cockburn, Penny L S Rumbold, Emma J Stevenson, Mark Russell
Dietary analysis of Academy soccer players highlights that total energy and carbohydrate intakes are less than optimal, especially, on match-days. As UK Academy matches predominantly kick-off at ∼11:00 h, breakfast is likely the last pre-exercise meal and thus may provide an intervention opportunity on match-day. Accordingly, the physiological and performance effects of an increased calorie breakfast consumed ∼135-min before soccer-specific exercise was investigated. English Premier League Academy soccer players (n = 7) repeated a 90-min soccer match simulation on two occasions after consumption of habitual (Bhab; ∼1100 kJ) or increased (Binc; ∼2100 kJ) energy breakfasts standardised for macronutrient contributions (∼60% carbohydrates, ∼15% proteins and ∼25% fats)...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323475/universal-mandatory-reporting-policies-and-the-odds-of-identifying-child-physical-abuse
#19
Grace W K Ho, Deborah A Gross, Amie Bettencourt
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between universal mandatory reporting (UMR), child physical abuse reporting, and the moderating effect of UMR on physical abuse report outcomes by report source. METHODS: We used a national data set of 204 414 children reported for physical abuse in 2013 to compare rates of total and confirmed reports by states or territories with and without UMR. We estimated odds and predicted probabilities of confirming a physical abuse report made by professional versus nonprofessional reporters, accounting for the moderating effect of UMR and individual-level characteristics...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322649/the-feasibility-of-an-exergaming-program-in-underserved-older-african-americans
#20
Ying-Yu Chao, Rita Musanti, Peijia Zha, Carina Katigbak
The study tested the feasibility and efficacy of an exergaming program in underserved older African American communities. The study is a single-group with pre- and posttest design. Twelve female participants ( M age = 64.17 ± 6.74 years) completed an exergaming program once or twice a week for 24 sessions over 14 weeks. Community health workers implemented the program through coaching and supporting mechanisms to motivate participants to exercise. A mixed-methods analysis was used to assess the intervention...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
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