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Exercise benefits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786630/effect-of-cadence-on-time-trial-performance-in-recreational-female-cyclists
#1
Patricia L Graham, Robert F Zoeller, Patrick L Jacobs, Michael A Whitehurst
Graham, PL, Zoeller, RF, Jacobs, PL, and Whitehurst, MA. Effect of cadence on time trial performance in recreational female cyclists. J Strength Cond Res 32(6): 1739-1744, 2018-The impact of pedaling cadence on cycling performance remains unresolved especially in female cyclists. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of cadence on time trial (TT) performance in recreational female cyclists. Ten recreational female cyclists volunteered to participate in this study. Subjects performed 3 exercise sessions: 1 to assess peak oxygen uptake (V[Combining Dot Above]O2peak) and 2 TTs...
June 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785199/physical-exercise-for-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-and-experimental-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Alessandro Oliveira de Carvalho, Alberto Souza Sá Filho, Eric Murillo-Rodriguez, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Sergio Machado
Background: National projections about the increase in the elderly population over 60 years bring with it an increase in the number of people affected by Parkinson's Disease (PD), making it an important public health problem. Therefore, the establishment of effective strategies for intervention in people with PD needs to be more clearly investigated. Objective: The study aimed to report the effectiveness of exercise on functional capacity and neurobiological mechanisms in people with PD...
2018: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784891/predicting-physical-activity-behavior-in-african-american-females-using-multi-theory-model
#3
Traci Hayes, Vinayak K Nahar, Manoj Sharma
BACKGROUND: Despite physical activity having several benefits, a considerable number of Americans do not engage in sufficient exercise. Among the high-risk groups are African American women. A recent theory, multi theory model (MTM) for health behavior change can be used to develop effective interventions. The objective of this research was to test MTM in its ability to predict physical activity behavior in African American women. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784132/effect-of-the-self-efficacy-enhancing-active-cycle-of-breathing-technique-on-lung-cancer-patients-with-lung-resection-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#4
Mei Yang, Jiu-di Zhong, Jun-E Zhang, Xiao-Xiao Huang, Chuan-Zhen Li, Zhang-Xiang Hong, Si-Wen Zhang
PURPOSE: Enhancing self-efficacy during the active cycle of breathing technique is essential for realizing the full benefit of pulmonary rehabilitation among lung cancer patients. This study aimed to explore the effect of self-efficacy-enhancing active cycle of breathing technique (SEE-ACBT) among patients with lung resection. METHOD: A quasi-experimental trial with a pre-post test design was performed. The control group (n = 81) received routine perioperative care, and the intervention group (n = 81) received SEE-ACBT in addition to routine perioperative care...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783928/physical-activity-intervention-for-elderly-patients-with-reduced-physical-performance-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-hulk-study-rationale-and-design-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Elisabetta Tonet, Elisa Maietti, Giorgio Chiaranda, Francesco Vitali, Matteo Serenelli, Giulia Bugani, Gianni Mazzoni, Rossella Ruggiero, Jonathan Myers, Giovanni Quinto Villani, Ursula Corvi, Giovanni Pasanisi, Simone Biscaglia, Rita Pavasini, Giulia Ricci Lucchi, Gianluigi Sella, Roberto Ferrari, Stefano Volpato, Gianluca Campo, Giovanni Grazzi
BACKGROUND: Reduced physical performance and impaired mobility are common in elderly patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and they represent independent risk factors for disability, morbidity, hospital readmission and mortality. Regular physical exercise represents a means for improving functional capacity. Nevertheless, its clinical benefit has been less investigated in elderly patients in the early phase after ACS. The HULK trial aims to investigate the clinical benefit of an early, tailored low-cost physical activity intervention in comparison to standard of care in elderly ACS patients with reduced physical performance...
May 21, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#6
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781936/influence-of-adding-single-joint-exercise-to-a-multijoint-resistance-training-program-in-untrained-young-women
#7
Matheus Barbalho, Paulo Gentil, Rodolfo Raiol, James Fisher, James Steele, Victor Coswig
Barbalho, M, Gentil, P, Raiol, R, Fisher, J, Steele, J, and Coswig, V. Influence of adding single-joint exercise to a multijoint resistance training program in untrained young women. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of adding single-joint (SJ) exercises to a multijoint (MJ) resistance training (RT) program on muscle strength and anthropometric measures of young women. Twenty untrained women were divided into a group that performed only MJ exercises or a group that performed both SJ and MJ exercises (MJ + SJ)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781907/novel-interventions-for-recalcitrant-achilles-tendinopathy-benefits-seen-following-high-volume-image-guided-injection-or-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Patrick C Wheeler, Chloe Tattersall
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes for patients with chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy following extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) and high-volume image-guided injection (HVIGI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital-based Sports Medicine Outpatient Clinic. PATIENTS: Sixty-three consecutive patients with chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy, treated with ESWT (n = 22) or HVIGI (n = 41), with minimum 3-month follow-up...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781682/factors-influencing-regular-physical-exercise-among-the-elderly-in-residential-care-facilities-in-a-south-african-health-district
#9
Abiodun A Aro, Sam Agbo, Olufemi B Omole
BACKGROUND:  Physical exercise plays an important role in healthy ageing, but the elderly do not engage in it regularly. METHODS:  In this cross-sectional study, we sampled 139 residents of residential care facility. A questionnaire was used to obtain information on participants' demography, health problems, nature, motivators and barriers to exercise. Chi-square test examined the relationship between participants' characteristics and their engagement in regular exercise...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781380/finally-a-regimen-to-extend-human-life-expectancy
#10
James Larrick, Andrew R Mendelsohn
The US has the most expensive healthcare system worldwide. Yet measures of healthspan and life expectancy are well below the major industrialized nations. With the US population aged 65 and older projected to double by mid-century a healthcare crisis is looming. Within this context huge interest and investment has emerged in technologies and drugs to address aging with an expected benefit to healthspan. The thesis being that such basic interventions will reduce morbidity caused by many chronic diseases where biological age itself is the major risk factor...
May 21, 2018: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781293/mindfulness-based-group-therapy-impact-on-psychiatrically-hospitalized-adolescents
#11
Deanna P Sams, Elizabeth D Handley, Linda J Alpert-Gillis
The practice of mindfulness has long been incorporated into psychotherapy. Research on the therapeutic benefits of mindfulness exists within adult populations, and emerging empirical evidence demonstrates the benefit of such practices in the treatment of adolescents in both clinical and non-clinical settings. However, there are extremely limited data on the practice of mindfulness with adolescents in a psychiatric hospital. The iMatter ( Improve Mindful ATTention, Enhance Relaxation) group is a manualized program developed to provide adolescents on a short-term psychiatric inpatient unit with an opportunity to learn and practice relaxation strategies, mindfulness exercises, and simple yoga poses...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781119/the-effect-of-lifelong-exercise-frequency-on-arterial-stiffness
#12
Shigeki Shibata, Naoki Fujimoto, Jeffrey L Hastings, Graeme Carrick-Ranson, Paul S Bhella, Christopher Hearon, Benjamin D Levine
Central arterial stiffness increases with sedentary aging. While near-daily, vigorous lifelong (>25 yr) endurance exercise training prevents arterial stiffening with aging, this rigorous routine of exercise training over a lifetime is impractical for most individuals. The aim was to examine whether a less frequent 'dose' of lifelong exercise training (4-5 sessions/wk for > 30 min) that is consistent with current physical activity recommendations elicits similar benefits on central arterial stiffening with aging...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780318/the-aerobic-and-cognitive-exercise-study-aces-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-or-at-risk-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-neuropsychological-neurobiological-and-neuroimaging-outcomes-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Cay Anderson-Hanley, Nicole M Barcelos, Earl A Zimmerman, Robert W Gillen, Mina Dunnam, Brian D Cohen, Vadim Yerokhin, Kenneth E Miller, David J Hayes, Paul J Arciero, Molly Maloney, Arthur F Kramer
Prior research has found that cognitive benefits of physical exercise and brain health in older adults may be enhanced when mental exercise is interactive simultaneously, as in exergaming. It is unclear whether the cognitive benefit can be maximized by increasing the degree of mental challenge during exercise. This randomized clinical trial (RCT), the Aerobic and Cognitive Exercise Study (ACES) sought to replicate and extend prior findings of added cognitive benefit from exergaming to those with or at risk for mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
2018: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780023/non-coding-rnas-and-exercise-pathophysiological-role-and-clinical-application-in-the-cardiovascular-system
#14
REVIEW
Clarissa P C Gomes, David de Gonzalo-Calvo, Rocio Toro, Tiago Fernandes, Daniel Theisen, Da-Zhi Wang, Yvan Devaux
There is overwhelming evidence that regular exercise training is protective against cardiovascular disease (CVD), the main cause of death worldwide. Despite the benefits of exercise, the intricacies of their underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) have been recognized as a major regulatory network governing gene expression in several physiological processes and appeared as pivotal modulators in a myriad of cardiovascular processes under physiological and pathological conditions...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779721/evaluation-of-an-ontology-based-system-for-computerized-cognitive-rehabilitation
#15
Anna Alloni, Silvana Quaglini, Silvia Panzarasa, Elena Sinforiani, Sara Bernini
OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the results of a randomized clinical trial about the effectiveness of a computerized rehabilitation treatment on a sample of 31 patients affected by Parkinson disease. METHODS: Computerized exercises were administered by the therapists to the intervention group (n = 17) through the CoRe tool, which automatically generates a big variety of exercises leveraging on a stimuli set (words, sounds and images) organized into a dedicated ontology...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779459/the-role-of-control-in-intimate-partner-violence-a-study-in-dutch-forensic-outpatients
#16
Bruno Verschuere, Joan van Horn, Nannet Buitelaar
Johnson argued that coercive control is crucial in explaining heterogeneity in intimate partner violence, with such violence being more frequent, less reciprocal, and more often male-to-female aggression when it serves to exercise control over the partner. We assessed 280 Dutch forensic outpatients who had recently engaged in intimate partner violence on nonaggressive coercive control. Control showed significant, small to moderate, associations with more frequent past year acts of psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion and more frequently resulted in partner injury...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778861/multicenter-randomized-controlled-crossover-trial-comparing-hemodynamic-optimization-against-echocardiographic-optimization-of-av-and-vv-delay-of-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-the-bravo-trial
#17
Zachary I Whinnett, S M Afzal Sohaib, Mark Mason, Edward Duncan, Mark Tanner, David Lefroy, Mohamed Al-Obaidi, Sue Ellery, Francisco Leyva-Leon, Tim Betts, Mark Dayer, Paul Foley, Jon Swinburn, Martin Thomas, Raj Khiani, Tom Wong, Zaheer Yousef, Dominic Rogers, Paul R Kalra, Vignesh Dhileepan, Katherine March, James Howard, Andreas Kyriacou, Jamil Mayet, Prapa Kanagaratnam, Michael Frenneaux, Alun D Hughes, Darrel P Francis
OBJECTIVES: BRAVO (British Randomized Controlled Trial of AV and VV Optimization) is a multicenter, randomized, crossover, noninferiority trial comparing echocardiographic optimization of atrioventricular (AV) and interventricular delay with a noninvasive blood pressure method. BACKGROUND: Cardiac resynchronization therapy including AV delay optimization confers clinical benefit, but the optimization requires time and expertise to perform. METHODS: This study randomized patients to echocardiographic optimization or hemodynamic optimization using multiple-replicate beat-by-beat noninvasive blood pressure at baseline; after 6 months, participants were crossed over to the other optimization arm of the trial...
May 11, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778642/benefits-of-a-multicomponent-falls-unit-based-exercise-program-in-older-adults-with-falls-in-real-life
#18
Rafael García Molina, Marta Carolina Ruíz Grao, Alicia Noguerón García, Marta Martínez Reig, Mariano Esbrí Víctor, Míkel Izquierdo Redín, Pedro Abizanda Soler
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Multicomponent exercise programs are the cornerstone in preventing gait and balance impairments and falls in older adults. However, the effects of these programs in usual clinical practice have been poorly analyzed. DESIGN: 4-Month, twice-a-week multicomponent exercise program cohort study in real-life. SETTING: Falls Unit, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario of Albacete, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven participants who had experienced a fall in the previous year were included...
May 17, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777617/simulation-in-urology-to-train-non-technical-skills-in-ward-rounds
#19
K Somasundram, H Spence, A J Colquhoun, C Mcilhenny, C S Biyani, S Jain
OBJECTIVE: We have designed an exercise to train newly appointed Urology trainees in non-technical skills on ward rounds as a part of a simulation 'boot camp'. This paper reports our experience, including a qualitative analysis of participant feedback on the utility of this method of training. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The simulations took place in a high-fidelity simulated ward bay. Forty-eight doctors with formal Urology training ranging between 2-60 months (mean 19...
May 19, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775542/exercise-and-circulating-bdnf-mechanisms-of-release-and-implications-for-the-design-of-exercise-interventions
#20
Jeremy James Walsh, Michael E Tschakovsky
Engagement in regular bouts of exercise confers numerous positive effects on brain health across the lifespan. Acute bouts of exercise transiently improve cognitive function, while long-term exercise training stimulates brain plasticity, improves brain function, and helps to stave off neurological disease. The action of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a candidate mechanism underlying these exercise-induced benefits and is the subject of considerable attention in the exercise-brain health literature...
May 18, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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