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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215811/impacts-of-return-to-work-type-and-period-on-job-retention-in-workers-with-occupational-injuries-and-diseases
#1
Inchul Jeong, Jae Bum Park, Hyoung Ryoul Kim, Jin Ha Yoon, Jong Uk Won, Jaehoon Roh
BACKGROUND: Despite the necessity of job retention in achieving return-to-work (RTW) goals, many workers leave their jobs after returning to work. The objective of this study was to examine the impacts of RTW type and period on job retention in Korean workers with occupational injuries and diseases. METHODS: Data were derived from the Panel Study of Worker's Compensation Insurance, including data from 2,000 systemically sampled workers who had finished recuperation in 2012; three waves of survey data were included in the analyses...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205424/multi-source-surveillance-for-work-related-crushing-injuries
#2
Joanna Kica, Kenneth D Rosenman
BACKGROUND: Work-related crushing injuries are serious but preventable. For 2013 through 2015, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' (BLS) Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) reported 1260 crushing injuries in Michigan. In 2013, Michigan initiated multi-data source surveillance of work-related crushing injuries. METHODS: Records from all 134 of Michigan's hospitals/emergency departments (EDs), the Workers Compensation Agency (WCA) and Michigan's Fatality Assessment Control and Evaluation (MIFACE) program were used to identify work-related crushing injuries...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202633/arthroscopic-management-of-posterior-instability-of-the-shoulder-a-systematic-review-of-predictive-factors-associated-with-poorer-surgical-outcomes
#3
Sachin Ramesh Jain, Andrew Arjun Sayampanathan, Andrew Hwee Chye Tan
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to perform a systematic review to identify factors that may lead to poorer outcomes in arthroscopic surgery for posterior shoulder instability. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for 757 unique articles. We eventually included 22 articles. Data were analysed using Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: The presence of chondral damage was associated with poorer outcomes as reflected in a higher post-operative Quick Disabilities of theArm, Shoulder and Hand score (mean difference (MD) = 17...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201928/abnormal-pain-response-after-a-compensable-shoulder-injury
#4
Helen Razmjou, Dragana Boljanovic, Amr Elmaraghy, Iona Macritchie, Carolyn Roknic, Danielle Medeiros, Robin R Richards
Background: The role of psychosocial factors has been established in patients with shoulder abnormalities. However, the prevalence of exaggerated pain behaviors and their association with the characteristics of injured workers have not been well studied. Purpose: To examine the prevalence of abnormal pain responses (APRs) in workers with active workers' compensation claims for a shoulder injury and to examine the differences between workers with APRs versus workers without APRs...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200509/-bottom-dog-men-disability-social-welfare-and-advocacy-in-the-scottish-coalfields-in-the-interwar-years-1918-1939
#5
Angela Turner, Arthur McIvor
This article connects with and builds on recent research on workmen's compensation and disability focussing on the Scottish coalfields between the wars. It draws upon a range of primary sources including coal company accident books, court cases and trade union records to analyse efforts to define and redefine disability, examining the language deployed and the agency of workers and their advocates. It is argued here that the workmen's compensation system associated disability with restricted functionality relating to work tasks and work environments...
October 2017: Scottish Historical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197906/asbestos-worker-exposure-family-disease
#6
William Ivan Glass, Helen Clayson
Family members, mostly female, can be at risk of asbestos-related disease as a result of the transfer of asbestos from the workplace to the home on the hair, boots and clothes of the worker. It is argued that in these cases the home should be recognised as an extension of the workplace and that the employer has a duty of care to contain and control the asbestos. Given these circumstances, the family member with the disease should be entitled to cover under the Accidence Compensation Legislation.
December 1, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189471/a-novel-approach-to-reducing-workers-compensation-costs-in-a-multicenter-hospital-system
#7
Paul A Ullucci, Joseph Scott, Bradley Silverman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an injury prevention and monitoring program implemented by athletic trainers to reduce workers compensation costs in a hospital system with multiple centers and locations. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of workers compensation claims (ie, lost days, light days, and incurred costs) was performed to compare injury data from 2 years before to 2 years after the start of the program. RESULTS: The program significantly reduced the organization's incurred costs by 46...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181808/socially-constructed-hierarchies-of-impairments-the-case-of-australian-and-irish-workers-access-to-compensation-for-injuries
#8
Paul Harpur, Ursula Connolly, Peter Blanck
OBJECTIVES: Socially constructed hierarchies of impairment complicate the general disadvantage experienced by workers with disabilities. Workers with a range of abilities categorized as a "disability" are likely to experience less favourable treatment at work and have their rights to work discounted by laws and institutions, as compared to workers without disabilities. Value judgments in workplace culture and local law mean that the extent of disadvantage experienced by workers with disabilities additionally will depend upon the type of impairment they have...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176507/variables-affecting-return-to-work-after-spinal-surgery-in-a-non-workers-compensation-population-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Yu-Po Lee, Saifal-Deen Farhan, Douglas Kiester, Charles Rosen, Arif Pendi, Nitin Bhatia
INTRODUCTION: Return-to-work (RTW) outcomes following spine surgery are critical information for patients aspiring to return to employment following surgical correction. Among patients receiving workers' compensation (WC), spinal surgery has been repeatedly linked to poor RTW rates. However, among patients not receiving WC, the percentage of patients who return to employment is unclear. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 326 non-WC patients who underwent spinal surgery at two institutions...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171307/pre-injury-job-characteristics-and-return-to-work-among-injured-workers-in-south-korea-differences-by-socio-demographic-and-injury-related-characteristics
#10
Soo Kyung Park, Chung Kwon Lee
PURPOSE: This study examined the effect of pre-injury job characteristics on the odds of RTW outcomes for specific socio-demographic and injury-related characteristics among injured workers in South Korea. METHODS: This study employed first-wave data for 1993 participants from the Panel Study of Workers' Compensation Insurance. A two-step cluster analysis was conducted to profile pre-injury job characteristics, including monthly wages, length of service, company size, contract type, and working hours...
November 24, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170996/medicare-hospital-payment-adjustments-and-nursing-wages
#11
Peter McHenry, Jennifer Mellor
Despite the importance of the nursing profession for healthcare delivery, costs, and quality, there is relatively little research on how provider payments to hospitals affect the labor market for nurses. This study deals with the hospital wage index (HWI) adjustment to Medicare hospital payments, an area-level adjustment intended to compensate hospitals in high-cost labor markets. Since the HWI adjustment is based on hospital-reported labor costs, some argue that it incentivizes hospitals in concentrated markets to pay higher wages to nurses and other workers (the "circularity" critique)...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Economics and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170262/subsequent-injury-study-sins-improving-outcomes-for-injured-new-zealanders
#12
Sarah Derrett, Helen Harcombe, Emma Wyeth, Gabrielle Davie, Ari Samaranayaka, Paul Hansen, Gill Hall, Ian D Cameron, Belinda Gabbe, Denise Powell, Trudy Sullivan, Suzanne Wilson, Dave Barson
BACKGROUND: Subsequent injury (SI) is a major contributor to disability and costs for individuals and society. AIM: To identify modifiable risk factors predictive of SI and SI health and disability outcomes and costs. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe the nature of SIs reported to New Zealand's no-fault injury insurer (the Accident Compensation Corporation (ACC)); (2) identify characteristics of people underaccessing ACC for SI; (3) determine factors predicting or protecting against SI; and (4) investigate outcomes for individuals, and costs to society, in relation to SI...
December 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169306/occupational-stress-among-home-healthcare-workers-integrating-worker-and-agency-level-factors
#13
Jeanette M Zoeckler
Home healthcare work is physically and emotionally exhausting. In addition, home healthcare workers frequently work under precarious work arrangements for low wages and in poor work conditions. Little is known about how sources of job strain for home healthcare workers might be reduced. This research examines the occupational stressors among paid home care workers by analyzing home healthcare agency characteristics and individual home healthcare workers' experiences in upstate New York agencies (n = 9)...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163282/from-querulous-to-suicidal-self-immolation-in-public-places-as-a-symbolic-response-to-the-feeling-of-injustice
#14
Benjamin T Lévy, Cécile Prudent, Florian Liétard, Renaud Evrard
Aim: This paper sheds light on the context that leads some querulous patients to self-immolate in front of, or into, public buildings (e.g., tribunals, city halls, and employment agencies). Method: The author defines paranoid querulousness. A psychoanalytic perspective, but also a judicial and a psychiatric point of view, over querulous claimants is presented. The links between political or social claims and self-immolation are studied. The expression of suicidal thoughts voiced by four querulous subjects is analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161278/resilience-of-honeybee-colonies-via-common-stomach-a-model-of-self-regulation-of-foraging
#15
Thomas Schmickl, Istvan Karsai
We propose a new regulation mechanism based on the idea of the "common stomach" to explain several aspects of the resilience and homeostatic regulation of honeybee colonies. This mechanism exploits shared pools of substances (pollen, nectar, workers, brood) that modulate recruitment, abandonment and allocation patterns at the colony-level and enable bees to perform several survival strategies to cope with difficult circumstances: Lack of proteins leads to reduced feeding of young brood, to early capping of old brood and to regaining of already spent proteins through brood cannibalism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161115/hip-arthroscopic-surgery-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-with-capsular-management-factors-associated-with-achieving-clinically-significant-outcomes
#16
Gregory L Cvetanovich, Alexander E Weber, Benjamin D Kuhns, Jennifer Alter, Joshua D Harris, Richard C Mather, Shane J Nho
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest in defining clinically meaningful outcomes in patient reported outcomes following orthopaedic surgery. Little is known about the factors associated with clinically meaningful outcomes after hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. PURPOSE: To report on a large, prospectively collected consecutive series of patients who underwent comprehensive arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) and capsular management with greater than 2-year follow-up...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150466/are-the-early-predictors-of-long-term-work-absence-following-injury-time-dependent-results-from-the-prospective-outcomes-of-injury-study
#17
Rebbecca Lilley, Gabrielle Davie, Sarah Derrett
OBJECTIVES: Few studies examine the influence of early predictors of work absence beyond 12 months following injury or the time-dependent relative importance of these factors. This study aimed to identify the most important sociodemographic, occupational, health, lifestyle and injury predictors of work absence at 12 and 24 months following injury and to examine changes in the relative importance of these over time. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The Prospective Outcomes of Injury Study, New Zealand...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149314/how-the-introduction-of-a-human-resources-information-system-helped-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-to-mobilise-domestic-resources-for-an-improved-health-workforce
#18
Jean-Robert Likofata Esanga, Claire Viadro, Leah McManus, Jennifer Wesson, Nicaise Matoko, Epiphane Ngumbu, Kate E Gilroy, Daren Trudeau
The Democratic Republic of Congo has flagged health workforce management and compensation as issues requiring attention, including the problem of ghost workers (individuals on payroll who do not exist and/or show up at work). Recognising the need for reliable health workforce information, the government has worked to implement iHRIS, an open source human resources information system that facilitates health workforce management. In Kasaï Central and Kasaï Provinces, health workers brought relevant documentation to data collection points, where trained teams interviewed them and entered contact information, identification, photo, current job, and employment and education history into iHRIS on laptops...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145966/outcome-evaluation-of-staged-treatment-for-bicondylar-tibial-plateau-fractures
#19
Vincenzo Giordano, Ney Pecegueiro do Amaral, Hilton A Koch, Rodrigo Pires E Albuquerque, Felipe Serrão de Souza, José Félix Dos Santos Neto
BACKGROUND: The universal accepted strategy for treating high-energy tibial plateau fractures remains a topic of ongoing debate. The challenge for the practicing orthopaedic trauma surgeon is to provide anatomical articular fracture reduction, with successfully managing the complex soft-tissue injury that is commonly present at patient admission. The primary aim of the actual study was to evaluate the results of a staged protocol for the treatment of high-energy bicondylar tibial plateau fractures...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140640/using-workers-compensation-claims-data-to-characterize-occupational-injuries-in-the-commercial-grain-elevator-industry
#20
Sai K Ramaswamy, Gretchen A Mosher
Workplace injuries in the grain handling industry are common, yet little research has characterized worker injuries in grain elevators across all hazard types. Learning from past injuries is essential for preventing future occurrences, but the lack of injury information for the grain handling industry hinders this effort. The present study addresses this knowledge gap by using data from over 7000 workers' compensation claims reported from 2008 to 2016 by commercial grain handling facilities in the U.S. to characterize injury costs and severity...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
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