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Workers' Compensation

Natalie V Schwatka, Erin Shore, Adam Atherly, David Weitzenkamp, Miranda J Dally, Claire V S Brockbank, Liliana Tenney, Ron Z Goetzel, Kimberly Jinnett, James McMillen, Lee S Newman
OBJECTIVE: To examine how work and non-work health-related factors contribute to workers' compensation (WC) claims by gender. METHODS: Workers (N = 16,926) were enrolled in the Pinnacol Assurance Health Risk Management study, a multiyear, longitudinal research program assessing small and medium-sized enterprises in Colorado. Hypotheses were tested using gender stratified logistic regression models. RESULTS: For both women and men, having incurred a prior WC claim increased the odds of a future claim...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Eun-A Kim, Eujin Lee, Seong-Kyu Kang, Meeseon Jeong
Background: Probability of causation (PC) is a reasonable way to estimate causal relationships in radiation-related cancer. This study reviewed the international trend, usage, and critiques of the PC method. Because it has been used in Korea, it is important to check the present status and estimation of PC in radiation-related cancers in Korea. Methods: Research articles and official reports regarding PC of radiation-related cancer and published from the 1980s onwards were reviewed, including studies used for the revision of the Korean PC program...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Seth L Garcia, Kenneth J Smith, Catherine Palmer
Introduction: Occupational noise threatens U.S. worker health and safety and commands a significant financial burden on state and federal government worker compensation programs. Previous studies suggest that hearing conservation programs have contributed to reduced occupational hearing loss for noise-exposed workers. Many military personnel are overexposed to noise and are provided hearing conservation services. Select military branches require all active duty personnel to follow hearing conservation program guidelines, regardless of individual noise exposure...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
Soon-Chan Kwon, Inah Kim, Jaechul Song, Jungsun Park
Background: The South Korean criteria for occupational diseases were amended in July 2013. These criteria included formaldehyde as a newly defined occupational carcinogen, based on cases of "leukemia or nasopharyngeal cancer caused by formaldehyde exposure". This inclusion was based on the Internal Agency for Research on Cancer classification, which classified formaldehyde as definite human carcinogen for nasopharyngeal cancer in 2004 and leukemia in 2012. Methods: We reviewed reports regarding the causal relationship between occupational exposure to formaldehyde in Korea and the development of these cancers, in order to determine whether these cases were work-related...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Hyoung-Ryoul Kim, Boowook Kim, Bum Seak Jo, Ji-Won Lee
Crystalline silica has been classified as a definite carcinogen (Group 1) causing lung cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). In Korea, crystalline silica has been the most common causal agent for workers to apply to the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (KWCWS). We used KWCWS data to evaluate workers' crystalline silica exposure levels according to their occupations and industries, and reviewed research papers describing the dose-response relationship between cumulative exposure levels and lung cancer incidence...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Fiona Cocker, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Kelsall, Peter Smith
OBJECTIVE: Determine if prolonged times taken to notify, file, adjudicate and start wage replacement for workers' compensation claims are associated with poorer return-to-work outcomes. METHODS: Using 71,607 claims lodged 2007-12, logistic regression determined associations between time to claim filing, adjudication and payment and; i) socio-demographic/economic, occupational, and injury-related factors; and ii) 52 weeks of wage replacement (WR). RESULTS: Prolonged times for all processing steps were associated with increased odds of reaching 52 weeks of WR...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Eric M Black, John Reynolds, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Gerald R Williams, Joseph A Abboud, Mark D Lazarus
INTRODUCTION: We examined practice patterns and surgical indications in the management of common shoulder procedures by surgeons practicing at physician-owned facilities. METHODS: This study was a retrospective analysis of 501 patients who underwent arthroscopic shoulder procedures performed by five surgeons in our practice at one of five facilities during an 18-month period. Two of the facilities were physician-owned, and three of the five surgeons were shareholders...
February 5, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Aditya Khetan, Toral Patel, Vittal Hejjaji, Dweep Barbhaya, Sri Krishna Madan Mohan, Richard Josephson, Allison Webel
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in India. Since community health workers (CHWs) have historically played a pivotal role in improving maternal and child health, it has been hypothesized that they have the potential to mitigate the impact of CVD in countries such as India. Project SEHAT is a cluster RCT to test the hypothesis that CHWs can improve the control of cardiovascular risk factors in a community in West Bengal, India. This study sought to quantitatively assess the training outcomes of CHWs recruited for Project SEHAT, and qualitatively assess their recruitment, training and fieldwork experiences...
January 17, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
Jonas Steel, Lode Godderis, Jeroen Luyten
Objectives Occupational health and safety (OHS) interventions` effect on worker productivity is an essential, but complex element of the value of these programs. The trustworthiness of economic evaluation studies, aiming to provide guidance to decision-makers in the field of OHS, depends at least partly on how accurately productivity changes are measured. We aim to review the methods used to estimate productivity changes in recently published economic evaluations of OHS interventions. Methods We performed systematic searches of economic evaluations of OHS programs published between 2007 and 2017 and reviewed these studies` methods to quantify the programs` impact on worker productivity Results Of the 90 identified studies, 44 used a human capital approach, 17 a friction cost approach, 13 stated productivity in natural units (eg, a cost-per-absence-day-avoided), 7 made use of compensation expenses, 4 used output-based methods, 4 an "ad hoc" approach, and 1 study did not state its method...
February 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Marcie C Swift, Robert Townsend, Douglas W Edwards, Janice K Loudon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the difference in maximal lifting capability between 2 modes of lifting (traditional crate and XRTS Lever Arm) over multiple days. The differences in absolute strength values were compared with existing criteria for sincere effort during distraction-based lifting. In addition, rate of perceived exertion (RPE) is presented for the 2 modes of lifting on each day. PRIMARY PRACTICE SETTING: Workers' compensation. METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE: Forty-four subjects between the ages of 20 and 44 years participated in this study...
February 2, 2018: Professional Case Management
Kenneth A Scott, Qing Liao, Gwenith G Fisher, Lorann Stallones, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Emile Tompa
BACKGROUND: Severity of workplace injury tends to increase with age. Whether older workers who experience a workplace injury or illness exit the labor force sooner than comparable peers is not established. METHODS: A case-cohort study design and complementary log-log model were used to identify factors associated with average time to early substantial labor force exit among workers' compensation claimants 50-64 years of age with permanent impairment from an occupational injury or illness...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Carola F van Eck, Aneet Toor, Michael B Banffy, Ralph A Gambardella
Background: A good patient-surgeon relationship relies on adequate preoperative education and counseling. Several multimedia resources, such as web-based education tools, have become available to enhance aspects of perioperative care. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an interactive web-based education tool on perioperative patient satisfaction scores after outpatient orthopaedic surgery. It was hypothesized that web-based education prior to outpatient orthopaedic surgery enhances patient satisfaction scores...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Liza Topete, Linda Forst, Joseph Zanoni, Lee Friedman
BACKGROUND: The working poor are at highest risk of work-related injuries and have limited access to occupational health care. OBJECTIVES: To explore community health centers (CHCs) as a venue for accessing at risk workers; and to examine the experience, knowledge, and perceptions of workers' compensation (WC) among the working poor. METHODS: Key informant interviews were conducted among patients in waiting rooms of rural and urban CHCs. RESULT: Fifty-one interviews of minority workers across sectors identified 23 prior work-related injuries and mixed experiences with the WC system...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Maki Tei-Tominaga, Miharu Nakanishi
The healthcare industry in Japan has experienced many cases of work-related injuries, accidents, and workers' compensation claims because of mental illness. This study examined the influence of supportive and ethical work environments on work-related accidents, injuries, and serious psychological distress among hospital nurses. Self-reported questionnaires were distributed to nurses (n = 1114) from 11 hospitals. Valid responses (n = 822, 93% women, mean age = 38.49 ± 10.09 years) were used for analyses. The questionnaire included items addressing basic attributes, work and organizational characteristics, social capital and ethical climate at the workplace, psychological distress, and experience of work-related accidents or injuries in the last half year...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Suelen Meira Goes, Catherine M Trask, Catherine Boden, Brenna Bath, Daniel Cury Ribeiro, Paul Hendrick, Lynne Clay, Xiaoke Zeng, Stephan Milosavljevic
INTRODUCTION: Permanent functional impairment (PFI) of the spine is a rating system used by compensation authorities, such as workers compensation boards, to establish an appropriate level of financial compensation for persistent loss of function. Determination of PFI of the spine is commonly based on the assessment of spinal movement combined with other measures of physical and functional impairments; however, the reliability and validity of the measurement instruments used for these evaluations have yet to be established...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Benjamin G Domb, Edwin O Chaharbakhshi, Itay Perets, John P Walsh, Leslie C Yuen, Lyall J Ashberg
PURPOSE: To elucidate whether capsular closure during hip arthroscopy affected patient outcomes over midterm follow-up. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed on patients who underwent hip arthroscopy. Patients were then matched for age, gender, worker's compensation, body mass index, and acetabular coverage. The inclusion criteria were capsular repair or unrepaired capsulotomy, lateral-center edge angle ≥18°, and minimum 5-year follow-up...
January 16, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Amanda Ellen Young, Elyssa Besen, Joanna Willetts
Purpose Worker's expectations for return to working have been found to relate to return-to-work (RTW) outcomes; however, it is unclear if this varies depending upon the expected time to RTW. To advance the understanding of the relationship between expectations and RTW, we set out to answer the following research questions: Are shorter estimated times to RTW more accurate than estimates that are longer of duration? In addition, we sought to determine if there was a point in time that coincides with RTW estimates no longer being reliably related to time to RTW...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Rongrong Sheng, Changchang Li, Qiong Wang, Lianping Yang, Junzhe Bao, Kaiwen Wang, Rui Ma, Chuansi Gao, Shao Lin, Ying Zhang, Peng Bi, Chuandong Fu, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing concerns about the health effects of climate change, the extent to which workers are affected by hot weather is not well documented. This study aims to investigate the association between high temperatures and work-related injuries using data from a large subtropical city in China. METHODS: We used workers' compensation claims to identify work-related injuries in Guangzhou, China during 2011-2012. To feature the heat effect, the study period was restricted to the warm seasons in Guangzhou (1 May-31 October)...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Alysa D Haas, Daniel A Hunter, Ninica L Howard
BACKGROUND: Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) experience a high risk of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) and are further made vulnerable by their situation in low levels of workplace and societal hierarchies of power and privilege. OBJECTIVE: This study applies structural vulnerability theory to CNA WMSD experiences in order to identify structural factors that may influence such injuries. METHODS: A sample of CNAs (n = 26) working in Nursing and Residential Care Facilities (NRCFs) was selected from workers who filed a claim during 2011-2014 for a WMSD of the back, shoulder, knee, or hand/wrist in the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries workers' compensation system...
January 19, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Michael P Gaspar, Shiv D Gandhi, Randall W Culp, Patrick M Kane
BACKGROUND: Although intramedullary headless screw (IMHS) fixation is a promising minimally invasive surgical treatment option for unstable proximal phalanx fractures, a single IMHS may provide inadequate fixation for certain fracture patterns. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes in a pilot series of patients with proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of proximal phalanx fractures treated with dual antegrade IMHS fixation with a minimum 1 year of follow-up...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
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