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Workers' Compensation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925361/female-sex-workers-experiences-of-using-contraceptive-methods-a-qualitative-study-in-kenya
#1
Rhoune Ochako, Jerry Okal, Steven Kimetu, Ian Askew, Marleen Temmerman
BACKGROUND: Female Sex Workers (FSWs) are predisposed to a broad range of social, sexual and reproductive health problems such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs)/HIV, unintended pregnancy, violence, sexual exploitation, stigma and discrimination. Female sex workers have unmet need for contraceptives and require comprehensive Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) prevention interventions. Existing programs pay little attention to the broad sexual and reproductive health and rights of these women and often focus on HIV and other STIs prevention, care and treatment while neglecting their reproductive health needs, including access to family planning methods...
June 20, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914425/age-sex-and-the-changing-disability-burden-of-compensated-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-canada-and-australia
#2
Robert A Macpherson, Tyler J Lane, Alex Collie, Christopher B McLeod
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were (1) to identify age and sex trends in the disability burden of compensated work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in Canada and Australia; and (2) to demonstrate a means of comparing workers' compensation data internationally. METHODS: All non-fatal, work-related MSD claims with at least one day of compensated time-loss were extracted for workers aged 15-80 during a 10-year period (2004-2013) using workers' compensation data from five Canadian and eight Australian jurisdictions...
June 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913988/patients-referred-from-a-multidisciplinary-pain-clinic-to-the-social-worker-their-socio-demographic-profile-and-the-contribution-of-the-social-worker-to-the-management-of-the-patients
#3
Heli Aho, Timo Kauppila, Maija Haanpää
Background and aims Social factors and social environment shape the pain behavior of patients. Social workers support pain treatment in a multidisciplinary pain clinic by altering the social environment of a patient. Even though a social worker in a multi-professional care team contributes to the care of select, severely pain-afflicted patients extensively, neither the patient socio-demographic status nor interventions by social workers have been systematically documented. Only individual case histories have been published...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897279/work-related-injury-and-management-strategies-among-certified-athletic-trainers
#4
Kristen L Kucera, Hester J Lipscomb, Karen G Roos, John M Dement, Jennifer M Hootman
CONTEXT:   Health care workers have high rates of musculoskeletal injuries, but many of these injuries go unreported to workers' compensation and national surveillance systems. Little is known regarding the work-related injuries of certified athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:   To determine the 12-month incidence and prevalence of work-related injuries and describe injury-reporting and -management strategies. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890726/occupational-physical-activity-habits-of-uk-office-workers-cross-sectional-data-from-the-active-buildings-study
#5
Lee Smith, Alexia Sawyer, Benjamin Gardner, Katri Seppala, Marcella Ucci, Alexi Marmot, Pippa Lally, Abi Fisher
Habitual behaviours are learned responses that are triggered automatically by associated environmental cues. The unvarying nature of most workplace settings makes workplace physical activity a prime candidate for a habitual behaviour, yet the role of habit strength in occupational physical activity has not been investigated. Aims of the present study were to: (i) document occupational physical activity habit strength; and (ii) investigate associations between occupational activity habit strength and occupational physical activity levels...
June 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889092/leisure-time-physical-activity-as-a-compensation-for-sedentary-behaviour-of-professionally-active-population
#6
Elżbieta Biernat, Monika Piątkowska
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work is to estimate leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) of the professionally-active population as a factor in early preventive medicine and diagnosing threats of occupational diseases. It was the basis for an analysis of the realisation of a pro-health dose of physical activity recommended by WHO (depending on the profession). OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: A survey based on IPAQ-LV was realised in 2014-2015 on a representative sample of Poles (n = 2039)...
June 5, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843885/the-effect-of-physical-therapist-involvement-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-youth-and-adolescent-dancers-injuries
#7
Susan Kinney, Tara McCrystal, Michael Owen, Andrea Stracciolini, William P Meehan Iii
In studies of major dance companies that employ mostly adult dancers, measuring the effect of comprehensive medical management that includes daily on-site physical therapy has shown a decrease in the incidence of dance injuries, days missed from dance, injury-related costs, and Workers Compensation claims. As no comparable data have been collected with regard to youth and adolescent dancers, we sought to assess the effect of physical therapist involvement in the care of injuries sustained by young dancers on the incidence and amount of time missed from dancing...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843299/physician-decision-making-in-the-management-of-work-related-upper-extremity-injuries
#8
Mike Szekeres, Joy C Macdermid, Adam Katchky, Ruby Grewal
BACKGROUND: Physicians working in a tertiary care injured worker clinic are faced with clinical decision-making that must balance the needs of patients and society in managing complex clinical problems that are complicated by the work-workplace context. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe and characterize the decision-making process of upper extremity specialized surgeons when managing injured workers within a specialized worker's compensation clinic...
May 22, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29813170/return-to-play-among-golfers-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy-short-to-mid-term-follow-up
#9
Victor Ortiz-Declet, Leslie C Yuen, David R Maldonado, Garrett Schwarzman, Joseph R Laseter, Benjamin G Domb
There are approximately 25 million amateur golfers in the United States, making up almost 10% of the entire US population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate short-term outcomes and rates of return to sport among recreational golfers who underwent hip arthroscopy for the treatment of labral tears. Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent hip arthroscopy by one surgeon between August 2008 and February 2015. Exclusion criteria were previous ipsilateral hip surgeries or conditions, preoperative Tönnis osteoarthritis grade greater than 1, or workers' compensation status...
May 29, 2018: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807717/shoulder-adhesive-capsulitis-epidemiology-and-predictors-of-surgery
#10
Kiera Kingston, Emily J Curry, Joseph W Galvin, Xinning Li
BACKGROUND: Adhesive capsulitis is characterized by a gradual, painful loss of shoulder motion. This study evaluated patient variables significantly associated with developing adhesive capsulitis compared with a sex-matched control group without adhesive capsulitis. We also sought to determine those factors associated with adhesive capsulitis patients requiring surgical intervention. METHODS: All patients presenting to our hospital with adhesive capsulitis between 2004 and 2014 were identified...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799850/the-impact-of-alternative-pricing-methods-for-drugs-in-california-workers-compensation-system-fee-schedule-pricing
#11
Leslie Wilson, Fatema A Turkistani, Wei Huang, Dang M Tran, Tracy Kuo Lin
INTRODUCTION: California's Workers' Compensation System (CAWCS) Department of Industrial Relations questioned the adequacy of the current Medi-Cal fee-schedule pricing and requested analysis of alternatives that maximize price availability and maintain budget neutrality. OBJECTIVES: To compare CAWCS pharmacy-dispensed (PD) drug prices under alternative fee schedules, and identify combinations of alternative benchmarks that have prices available for the largest percentage of PD drugs and that best reach budget neutrality...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785467/impact-of-a-safe-resident-handling-program-in-nursing-homes-on-return-to-work-and-re-injury-outcomes-following-work-injury
#12
Alicia Kurowski, Glenn Pransky, Laura Punnett
Purpose This study examined the impact of a Safe Resident Handling Program (SRHP) on length of disability and re-injury, following work-related injuries of nursing home workers. Resident handling-related injuries and back injuries were of particular interest. Methods A large national nursing home corporation introduced a SRHP followed by three years of training for 136 centers. Lost-time workers' compensation claims (3 years pre-SRHP and 6 years post-SRHP) were evaluated. For each claim, length of first episode of disability and recurrence of disabling injury were evaluated over time...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784549/cost-implications-of-varying-the-surgical-technique-surgical-setting-and-anesthesia-type-for-carpal-tunnel-release-surgery
#13
Nikolas H Kazmers, Angela P Presson, Yizhe Xu, Abby Howenstein, Andrew R Tyser
PURPOSE: Carpal tunnel release (CTR) is a common surgical procedure, representing a financial burden to the health care system. The purpose of this study was to test whether the choice of CTR technique (open carpal tunnel release [OCTR] vs endoscopic carpal tunnel release [ECTR]), surgical setting (operating room vs procedure room [PR]), and anesthetic type (local, monitored anesthesia care [MAC], Bier block, general) affected costs or payments. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients undergoing isolated unilateral CTR between July 2014, and October 2017, at a single academic medical center were identified...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776529/characteristics-of-construction-firms-at-risk-for-future-workers-compensation-claims-using-administrative-data-systems-washington-state
#14
Jennifer L Marcum, Michael Foley, Darrin Adams, Dave Bonauto
INTRODUCTION: Construction is high-hazard industry, and continually ranks among those with the highest workers' compensation (WC) claim rates in Washington State (WA). However, not all construction firms are at equal risk. We tested the ability to identify those construction firms most at risk for future claims using only administrative WC and unemployment insurance data. METHODS: We collected information on construction firms with 10-50 average full time equivalent (FTE) employees from the WA unemployment insurance and WC data systems (n=1228)...
June 2018: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775975/misleading-new-insights-into-the-chrysotile-debate
#15
H-J Woitowitz, X Baur
Although there is no dispute among independent scientists about the carcinogenic and fibrogenic effects of chrysotile, the asbestos industry has been continuously and successfully acting to cast doubts on its harm. Another approach including asbestos insurance entities is to refuse compensation by raising the bar and fight criminal prosecution for asbestos-related diseases by the help of paid scientists. A recent publication on asbestos fibre burden in human lungs fits well in this context. The claim that chrysotile fibres are biopersistent in human lung is not based on the data provided by these authors, and, additionally, exhibits serious inconsistencies and obvious mismeasurements and significant methodological problems...
May 18, 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771173/communication-and-collaboration-among-return-to-work-stakeholders
#16
Elizabeth Russell, Agnieszka Kosny
PURPOSE: Workers who are injured or become ill on the job are best able to return-to-work when stakeholders involved in their case collaborate and communicate. This study examined health care providers' and case managers' engagement in rehabilitation and return-to-work following workplace injury or illness. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with 97 health care providers and 34 case managers in four Canadian provinces about their experiences facilitating rehabilitation and return-to-work, and interacting with system stakeholders...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769352/identifying-occupational-carcinogens-an-update-from-the-iarc-monographs
#17
REVIEW
Dana Loomis, Neela Guha, Amy L Hall, Kurt Straif
The recognition of occupational carcinogens is important for primary prevention, compensation and surveillance of exposed workers, as well as identifying causes of cancer in the general population. This study updates previously published lists of known occupational carcinogens while providing additional information on cancer type, exposure scenarios and routes, and discussing trends in the identification of carcinogens over time. Data were extracted from International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs covering the years 1971-2017, using specific criteria to ensure occupational relevance and provide high confidence in the causality of observed exposure-disease associations...
May 16, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762112/lumbar-discography-is-associated-with-poor-return-to-work-status-following-lumbar-fusion-surgery-in-a-workers-compensation-setting
#18
Joshua T Anderson, Jeffrey A O'Donnell, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
Lumbar discography (LD) is used to guide surgical decision making in patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). Its safety and diagnostic accuracy are under contention. This study evaluates LD's efficacy within the workers' compensation (WC) population. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the impact that undergoing LD before lumbar fusion for DDD had on return to work (RTW) rates among 1407 WC subjects. Discography was negatively associated with RTW status (p = .042; OR 0.76); 22...
2018: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760932/cardiovascular-disease-risk-differences-between-bus-company-employees-and-general-workers-according-to-the-korean-national-health-insurance-data
#19
Ji-Hoo Yook, Dong-Wook Lee, Min-Seok Kim, Yun-Chul Hong
Background: Bus drivers are known to be highly at risk of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we assessed the cardiovascular disease prevalence of bus company employees in Seoul, South Korea, and compared the results to those of general workers. Methods: We analyzed the 2014 Korean National Health Insurance (NHI) data and defined hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease based on the KCD-6 medical diagnoses. We used bus company employees as surrogate participants of bus drivers due to the characteristics of Korean NHI data...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#20
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
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