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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096691/pain-acceptance-potentially-mediates-the-relationship-between-pain-catastrophizing-and-post-surgery-outcomes-among-compensated-lumbar-fusion-patients
#1
Cassie Dance, M Scott DeBerard, Jessica Gundy Cuneo
PURPOSE: Chronic low back pain is highly prevalent and often treatment recalcitrant condition, particularly among workers' compensation patients. There is a need to identify psychological factors that may predispose such patients to pain chronicity. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether pain acceptance potentially mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgical outcomes in a sample of compensated lumbar fusion patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients insured with the Workers Compensation Fund of Utah and who were at least 2 years post-lumbar fusion surgery completed an outcome survey...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081231/physical-activity-energy-expenditure-nutritional-habits-quality-of-sleep-and-stress-levels-in-shift-working-health-care-personnel
#2
Frederick Charles Roskoden, Janine Krüger, Lena Johanna Vogt, Simone Gärtner, Hans Joachim Hannich, Antje Steveling, Markus M Lerch, Ali A Aghdassi
BACKGROUND: Among health care personnel working regular hours or rotating shifts can affect parameters of general health and nutrition. We have investigated physical activity, sleep quality, metabolic activity and stress levels in health care workers from both groups. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 46 volunteer participants from the workforce of a University Medical Department of which 23 worked in rotating shifts (all nursing) and 21 non-shift regular hours (10 nursing, 13 clerical staff)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076582/interventions-that-facilitate-sustainable-jobs-and-have-a-positive-impact-on-workers-health-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
Michelle M Haby, Evelina Chapman, Rachel Clark, Luiz A C Galvão
Objective: To identify interventions that facilitate sustainable jobs and have a positive impact on the health of workers in health sector workplaces. Methods: This overview utilized systematic review methods to synthesize evidence from multiple systematic reviews and economic evaluations. A comprehensive search was conducted based on a predefined protocol, including specific inclusion criteria. To be classified as "sustainable," interventions needed to aim (explicitly or implicitly) to 1) have a positive impact on at least two key dimensions of the integrated framework for sustainable development and 2) include measures of health impact...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068478/dupuytren-s-contracture
#4
Ann R Lurati
Dupuytren's disorder is considered a genetic disorder and therefore not covered under workers' compensation. Personal risk factors include workers of Northern European descent and workers that are older than 50 years. However, new evidence has shown that certain occupational activities may increase the risk of developing this disorder. This article is a review of the literature with a case study. Work-related and personal risk factors are explored, as well as interventions and return to work recommendations...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049485/the-dangers-of-accepting-a-single-diagnosis-case-report-of-concurrent-plasmodium-knowlesi-malaria-and-dengue-infection
#5
Soon Eu Chong, Rhendra Hardy Mohamad Zaini, Siti Suraiya, Kok Tong Lee, Jo Anne Lim
BACKGROUND: Dengue and malaria are two common, mosquito-borne infections, which may lead to mortality if not managed properly. Concurrent infections of dengue and malaria are rare due to the different habitats of its vectors and activities of different carrier mosquitoes. The first case reported was in 2005. Since then, several concurrent infections have been reported between the dengue virus (DENV) and the malaria protozoans, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Symptoms of each infection may be masked by a simultaneous second infection, resulting in late treatment and severe complications...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045797/quality-of-care-for-work-associated-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#6
Teryl Nuckols, Craig Conlon, Michael Robbins, Michael Dworsky, Julie Lai, Carol P Roth, Barbara Levitan, Seth Seabury, Rachana Seelam, Steven M Asch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of care provided to individuals with workers' compensation claims related to Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and identify patient characteristics associated with receiving better care. METHODS: We recruited subjects with new claims for CTS from 30 occupational clinics affiliated with Kaiser Permanente Northern California. We applied 45 process-oriented quality measures to 477 subjects' medical records, and performed multivariate logistic regression to identify patient characteristics associated with quality...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034473/causes-of-needlestick-injuries-in-three-healthcare-settings-analysis-of-accident-notifications-registered-six-months-after-the-implementation-of-eu-directive-2010-32-eu-in-germany
#7
M Dulon, B Lisiak, D Wendeler, A Nienhaus
BACKGROUND: Needlestick injuries (NSIs) are the most common cause of sharps injuries and pose a serious risk to healthcare workers (HCWs). In 2014, 'Technical rule for biological agents in healthcare and welfare facilities' (TRBA 250) was modified in Germany in order to promote the prevention of sharps injuries. AIMS: To examine the epidemiology of NSIs among HCWs in hospitals, doctor's offices and in- and outpatient care; to collect information on the causes of the accidents when safety-engineered devices (SEDs) are used; and to compare the results with the main principles of TRBA 250...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027152/the-medical-physics-workforce
#8
Wayne D Newhauser
The medical physics workforce comprises approximately 24,000 workers worldwide and approximately 8,200 in the United States. The occupation is a recognized, established, and mature profession that is undergoing considerable growth and change, with many of these changes being driven by scientific, technical, and medical advances. Presently, the medical physics workforce is adequate to meet societal needs. However, data are emerging that suggest potential risks of shortages and other problems that could develop within a few years...
February 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027013/overuse-of-diagnostic-imaging-for-work-related-injuries
#9
Brianna Rebecca Clendenin, Helen Acree Conlon, Candace Burns
Overuse of health care in the United States is a growing concern. This article addresses the use of diagnostic imaging for work-related injuries. Diagnostic imaging drives substantial cost for increases in workers' compensation. Despite guidelines published by the American College of Radiology and the American College of Occupational Medicine and the Official Disability Guidelines, practitioners are prematurely ordering imaging sooner than recommended. Workers are exposed to unnecessary radiation and are incurring increasing costs without evidence of better outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026085/health-insurance-costs-and-employee-compensation-evidence-from-the-national-compensation-survey
#10
Priyanka Anand
This paper examines the relationship between rising health insurance costs and employee compensation. I estimate the extent to which total compensation decreases with a rise in health insurance costs and decompose these changes in compensation into adjustments in wages, non-health fringe benefits, and employee contributions to health insurance premiums. I examine this relationship using the National Compensation Survey, a panel dataset on compensation and health insurance for a sample of establishments across the USA...
December 27, 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012299/claims-shifting-the-problem-of-parallel-reimbursement-regimes
#11
Olesya Fomenko, Jonathan Gruber
Parallel reimbursement regimes, under which providers have some discretion over which payer gets billed for patient treatment, are a common feature of health care markets. In the U.S., the largest such system is under Workers' Compensation (WC), where the treatment workers with injuries that are not definitively tied to a work accident may be billed either under group health insurance plans or under WC. We document that there is significant reclassification of injuries from group health plans into WC, or "claims shifting", when the financial incentives to do so are strongest...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009697/an-intervention-bundle-to-facilitate-return-to-work-for-burn-injured-workers-report-from-a-burn-model-system-investigation
#12
Gretchen J Carrougher, Sabina B Brych, Tam N Pham, Samuel P Mandell, Nicole S Gibran
Rates of return to work (RTW) after burn injury vary. A 2012 systematic review of the burn literature reported that nearly 28% of all adult burn survivors never return to any form of employment. These authors called for interventions designed to assist survivors' ability to function in an employed capacity. In 2010, our burn center outpatient clinic instituted an intervention aimed to return injured workers to employment within 90 days of their insurance claims. The interventions include patient/family education focused on recovery rather than disability, employer contact and education by the vocational rehabilitation (VR) counselor, physician recommendations for work accommodations, provision of employee status letters, and Activity Prescription Forms (APFs)...
January 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992263/leveraging-large-scale-semantic-networks-for-adaptive-robot-task-learning-and-execution
#13
Adrian Boteanu, Aaron St Clair, Anahita Mohseni-Kabir, Carl Saldanha, Sonia Chernova
This work seeks to leverage semantic networks containing millions of entries encoding assertions of commonsense knowledge to enable improvements in robot task execution and learning. The specific application we explore in this project is object substitution in the context of task adaptation. Humans easily adapt their plans to compensate for missing items in day-to-day tasks, substituting a wrap for bread when making a sandwich, or stirring pasta with a fork when out of spoons. Robot plan execution, however, is far less robust, with missing objects typically leading to failure if the robot is not aware of alternatives...
December 2016: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941109/assessing-acceptability-of-a-diagnostic-and-malaria-treatment-package-delivered-by-community-health-workers-in-malaria-endemic-settings-of-burkina-faso-nigeria-and-uganda
#14
Ayodele S Jegede, Frederick O Oshiname, Armande K Sanou, Jesca Nsungwa-Sabiiti, IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Mohamadou Siribié, Chinenye Afonne, Luc Sermé, Catherine O Falade
BACKGROUND:  The efficacy of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and rectal artesunate for severe malaria in children is proven. However, acceptability of a package of interventions that included use of malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), ACTs, and rectal artesunate when provided by community health workers (CHWs) is uncertain. This study assessed acceptability of use of CHWs for case management of malaria using RDTs, ACTs, and rectal artesunate. METHODS:  The study was carried out in Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and Uganda in 2015 toward the end of an intervention using CHWs to provide diagnosis and treatment...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938361/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-short-course-personalized-self-management-and-intensive-spa-therapy-intervention-as-active-prevention-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-of-the-upper-extremities-muska-a-research-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Charlotte Lanhers, Bruno Pereira, Chloé Gay, Christian Hérisson, Christine Levyckyj, Arnaud Dupeyron, Emmanuel Coudeyre
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) constitute a major occupational health problem in the working population, substantially impacting the quality of life of employees. They also cause considerable economic cost to the healthcare system, with, notably, the reimbursement of treatments and compensation for lost income. MSDs manifest as localized pain or functional difficulty in one or more anatomical areas, such as the cervical spine, shoulder, elbow, hand, and wrist. Although prevalence varies depending on the region considered and the method of assessment, a prevalence of 30% is found in different epidemiological studies...
December 9, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935746/effect-of-restaurant-types-on-compensation-claims-for-work-related-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-france
#16
Pierre Nanyan, Mondher Ben Charrada
AIMS: The economic burden of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) is industry-specific.The objective was to analyse compensation claims for WMSDs among restaurant workers in France taking into account the type of restaurant. METHODS: Data for 2014 were obtained from the French National Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers. A chi-square test was used to compare claims, incapacity and lost work days rates in different type of restaurant. RESULTS: Prevalence for WMSDs, differed significantly by the type of kitchens: collective restaurant (7...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932488/examining-age-differences-in-duration-of-wage-replacement-by-injury-characteristics
#17
J K Fan, O Black, P M Smith
BACKGROUND: One explanation for why older age is associated with greater duration of wage replacement following a work-related injury may be that older workers sustain more severe injuries and different types of injury compared with their younger counterparts. AIMS: To examine the role of injury-related characteristics in explaining the impact of age on wage replacement duration, and whether the relationship between age and wage replacement duration is consistent across injury types and levels of severity...
December 2016: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931056/-guideline-s2k-awmf-of-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-pneumologie-und-beatmungsmedizin-and-the-deutsche-gesellschaft-f%C3%A3-r-arbeitsmedizin-und-umweltmedizin-diagnostics-and-expert-opinion-in-the-occupational-disease-no-4101-silicosis-including-coal-worker-s-pneumoconiosis
#18
X Baur, M Heger, R M Bohle, K G Hering, K Hofmann-Preiß, D Nowak, A Tannapfel, H Teschler, T Voshaar, T Kraus
During the last 1.5 years an update of the guideline on silicosis was made by an interdisciplinary working group. New medical and scientific knowledge and the experience in expert opinion practice were taken into account.By preparing the initial guideline in 2010 standardization of diagnostics and adaption of the "Moers convention" which was not based on medical knowledge was in the focus, whereas the current update deals with fine emendation and extension, especially of the compensation rate (adaption with the Reichenhall recommendation)...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930490/defining-documentation-requirements-for-coding-quality-care-in-workers-compensation
#19
Marianne Cloeren, Philip Adamo, Robert Blink, John Burress, Lisa Galloway, Lee Glass, Doug Martin, Kathryn Mueller, Paul Papanek, Bernyce Peplowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925639/outcomes-following-arthroscopic-repair-of-posterior-labral-tears-in-patients-older-than-35-years
#20
Dexter K Bateman, Eric M Black, Mark D Lazarus, Joseph A Abboud
Although the results of arthroscopic management of posterior labral pathology in young athletes have been reported extensively in the literature, the clinical outcomes in older patients are unknown. This retrospective review included patients older than 35 years who underwent arthroscopic posterior labral repair. Functional outcome scores were collected, and subgroup analyses were performed to evaluate the impact of patient-specific factors. Forty-three patients met the inclusion criteria; average follow-up was 36...
December 7, 2016: Orthopedics
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