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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550417/motivational-interviewing-for-workers-with-disabling-musculoskeletal-disorders-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-control-trial
#1
Joanne Park, Shaniff Esmail, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Douglas P Gross
Purpose Although functional restoration programs appear effective in assisting injured workers to return-to-work (RTW) after a work related musculoskeletal (MSK) disorder, the addition of Motivational Interviewing (MI) to these programs may result in higher RTW. Methods We conducted a cluster randomized controlled trial with claimants attending an occupational rehabilitation facility from November 17, 2014 to June 30, 2015. Six clinicians provided MI in addition to the standard functional restoration program and formed an intervention group...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545362/insight-into-the-role-of-photoreception-and-light-intervention-for-sleep-and-neuropsychiatric-behaviour-in-the-elderly
#2
Katharina Wulff, Russell G Foster
Light exerts influences on many physiological and behavioural functions in humans. These functions can be described as image-forming (IF) and non-image forming (NIF) visual processes, both originating in the retina of the eye. Image-forming refers to vision; the process of detecting and distinguishing shapes and colour of objects. Non-image forming refers to detecting level of light intensity or brightness of ambient space, which affects basal physiology such as cycles of rest and activity or the endocrine system...
May 22, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538083/preoperative-opioid-use-a-risk-factor-for-poor-return-to-work-status-after-single-level-cervical-fusion-for-radiculopathy-in-a-workers-compensation-setting
#3
Mhamad Faour, Joshua T Anderson, Arnold R Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas U Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective comparative case-control study. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are: (1) How preoperative opioid use impacts RTW status after single-level cervical fusion for radiculopathy? and (2) What are other postsurgical outcomes affected by preoperative opioid use? SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Opioid use has increased significantly in the past decade. The use of opioids has a drastic impact on workers' compensation population, an at-risk cohort for poorer surgical and functional outcomes than the general population...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538082/risk-factors-associated-with-failure-to-reach-minimal-clinically-important-difference-in-patient-reported-outcomes-following-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-for-spondylolisthesis
#4
Fady Y Hijji, Ankur S Narain, Daniel D Bohl, Kelly H Yom, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Gregory D Lopez, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: To determine risk factors associated with failure to reach the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) in patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for patients undergoing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) for spondylolisthesis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The MCID of PROs are often utilized to determine the benefit of spinal procedures. However, negative predictive factors for reaching MCID in patients surgically treated for lumbar spondylolisthesis have been difficult to elucidate...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533885/-occupational-asthma-compensation-in-the-tunisian-center-cross-sectional-study-over-a-period-of-eight-years
#5
Amira Omrane, Awatef Kreim, Mohamed Adnène Henchi, Selma Kammoun, Leila Bessadi, Charfeddine Amri, Taoufik Khalfallh, Lamia Bouzgarrou
INTRODUCTION: Our study aimed to highlight the epidemiological profile of patients compensated for occupational asthma in the Tunisian Center, to identify their professional characteristics and to determine compensation practices for this occupational disease. METHODS: We conducted an exhaustive retrospective study over a period of eight years. This case study included workers with occupational asthma diagnosed and compensated in the Tunisian Center by the only two medical commissions empowered to set rates for permanent partial disability caused by either a work-related injury or an occupational diseases in the seven central governorates...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532470/health-care-professionals-attitudes-towards-evidence-based-medicine-in-the-workers-compensation-setting-a-cohort-study
#6
Nieke A Elbers, Robin Chase, Ashley Craig, Lyn Guy, Ian A Harris, James W Middleton, Michael K Nicholas, Trudy Rebbeck, John Walsh, Simon Willcock, Keri Lockwood, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Problems may arise during the approval process of treatment after a compensable work injury, which include excess paperwork, delays in approving services, disputes, and allegations of over-servicing. This is perceived as undesirable for injured people, health care professionals and claims managers, and costly to the health care system, compensation system, workplaces and society. Introducing an Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) decision tool in the workers' compensation system could provide a partial solution, by reducing uncertainty about effective treatment...
May 22, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530473/uninsured-workers-have-more-severe-hospitalizations
#7
Bethany Boggess, Brittany Scott, Lisa Pompeii
Texas' unique elective system of workers' compensation (WC) coverage is being discussed widely in the United States as a possible model to be adopted by other states. Texas is the only state that does not mandate that employers provide state-certified WC insurance. Oklahoma passed legislation for a similar system in 2013, but it was declared unconstitutional by the Oklahoma Supreme Court in 2016. This study examined 9523 work-related hospitalizations that occurred in Texas in 2012 using Texas Department of State Health Services data...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526421/delayed-repair-of-distal-biceps-tendon-ruptures-is-successful-a-case-control-study
#8
John Haverstock, Ruby Grewal, Graham J W King, George S Athwal
BACKGROUND: The literature has shown an increased complication rate with a delay to surgical repair of acute distal biceps tendon ruptures; however, little has been documented regarding the outcome of delayed repairs. This case-control study compared a study cohort of delayed (>21 days) distal biceps tendon repairs with a control cohort repaired acutely (<21 days). METHODS: Sixteen delayed repair cases were reviewed and matched with acute controls (1:3) based on repair technique, age, and workers' compensation status...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514907/nudging-for-prevention-in-occupational-health-and-safety-in-south-africa-using-fiscal-policies
#9
Pieter de Jager, David Rees, Sophia Kisting, Spo Kgalamono, Mpume Ndaba, Nicolas Stacey, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Currently, in some countries occupational health and safety policy and practice have a bias toward secondary prevention and workers' compensation rather than primary prevention. Particularly, in emerging economies, research has not adequately contributed to effective interventions and improvements in workers' health. This article, using South Africa as a case study, describes a methodology for identifying candidate fiscal policy interventions and describes the policy interventions selected for occupational health and safety...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510466/empirical-bayesian-geographical-mapping-of-occupational-accidents-among-iranian-workers
#10
Nasim Vahabi, Anoshirvan Kazemnejad, Somnath Datta
BACKGROUND: Work-related accidents are believed to be a serious preventable cause of mortality and disability worldwide. This study aimed to provide Bayesian geographical maps of occupational injury rates among workers insured by the Iranian Social Security Organization. METHODS: The participants included all insured workers in the Iranian Social Security Organization database in 2012. One of the applications of the Bayesian approach called the Poisson-Gamma model was applied to estimate the relative risk of occupational accidents...
May 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505612/behavioral-performance-and-neural-systems-are-robust-to-sensory-injury-in-workers-of-the-ant-pheidole-dentata
#11
Hannah K Waxman, Mario L Muscedere, James F A Traniello
Miniaturized nervous systems have been thought to limit behavioral ability, and animals with miniaturized brains may be less flexible when challenged by injuries resulting in sensory deficits that impact the development, maintenance, and plasticity of small-scale neural networks. We experimentally examined how injuries to sensory structures critical for olfactory ability affect behavioral performance in workers of the ant Pheidole dentata, which have minute brains (0.01 mm3) and primarily rely on the perception and processing of chemical signals and cues to direct their social behavior...
May 16, 2017: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499920/patient-understanding-expectations-and-satisfaction-regarding-rotator-cuff-injuries-and-surgical-management
#12
Brian J Cole, Eric J Cotter, Kevin C Wang, Annabelle Davey
Rotator cuff injuries are among the most common in orthopaedics, with rotator cuff repair surgery consistently reported as one of the most commonly performed orthopaedic procedures. Patient satisfaction is becoming an increasingly important outcome metric as health care continues to evolve with regard to quality measures affecting physician reimbursement. Evidence supports that postoperative patient satisfaction, an important quality outcome metric, is highly influenced by preoperative patient expectations, which are in turn governed by patient knowledge and understanding...
May 9, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498074/an-analysis-from-the-quality-outcomes-database-part-1-disability-quality-of-life-and-pain-outcomes-following-lumbar-spine-surgery-predicting-likely-individual-patient-outcomes-for-shared-decision-making
#13
Matthew J McGirt, Mohamad Bydon, Kristin R Archer, Clinton J Devin, Silky Chotai, Scott L Parker, Hui Nian, Frank E Harrell, Theodore Speroff, Robert S Dittus, Sharon E Philips, Christopher I Shaffrey, Kevin T Foley, Anthony L Asher
OBJECTIVE Quality and outcomes registry platforms lie at the center of many emerging evidence-driven reform models. Specifically, clinical registry data are progressively informing health care decision-making. In this analysis, the authors used data from a national prospective outcomes registry (the Quality Outcomes Database) to develop a predictive model for 12-month postoperative pain, disability, and quality of life (QOL) in patients undergoing elective lumbar spine surgery. METHODS Included in this analysis were 7618 patients who had completed 12 months of follow-up...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498069/an-analysis-from-the-quality-outcomes-database-part-2-predictive-model-for-return-to-work-after-elective-surgery-for-lumbar-degenerative-disease
#14
Anthony L Asher, Clinton J Devin, Kristin R Archer, Silky Chotai, Scott L Parker, Mohamad Bydon, Hui Nian, Frank E Harrell, Theodore Speroff, Robert S Dittus, Sharon E Philips, Christopher I Shaffrey, Kevin T Foley, Matthew J McGirt
OBJECTIVE Current costs associated with spine care are unsustainable. Productivity loss and time away from work for patients who were once gainfully employed contributes greatly to the financial burden experienced by individuals and, more broadly, society. Therefore, it is vital to identify the factors associated with return to work (RTW) after lumbar spine surgery. In this analysis, the authors used data from a national prospective outcomes registry to create a predictive model of patients' ability to RTW after undergoing lumbar spine surgery for degenerative spine disease...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481375/pleural-mesothelioma-in-household-members-of-asbestos-exposed-workers-in-friuli-venezia-giulia-italy
#15
Flavia D' Agostin, Paola de Michieli, Corrado Negro
OBJECTIVES: Malignant mesothelioma is closely associated to asbestos exposure. One such exposure may occur through contact with occupationally exposed household members and their belongings. This study examines the features of pleural mesothelioma attributable only to asbestos brought home by another family member. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data sources were 1063 mesothelioma cases diagnosed between 1995 and 2014, from the Friuli Venezia Giulia Mesothelioma Register...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466244/-the-use-of-fall-prevention-strategies-in-home-care-a%C3%A2-survey-in-flanders
#16
Greet Leysens, Ellen Vlaeyen, Deborah Vanaken, Elise Janssens, Eddy Dejaeger, Dirk Cambier, Evelien Gielen, Stefan Goemaere, Olivia Vandeput, Koen Milisen
OBJECTIVES: Falls in community-dwelling older persons occur frequently. The consequences emphasize the need to screen systematically for an increased fall risk and a targeted multifactorial and multidisciplinary approach. This study describes the extent to which fall prevention strategies are applied by primary healthcare workers in Flanders. Insight in barriers is provided. METHOD: An online survey was collected by the Centre of Expertise for Falls and fracture Prevention Flanders...
May 2, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464812/predictors-of-seeking-financial-compensation-following-motor-vehicle-trauma-inception-cohort-with-moderate-to-severe-musculoskeletal-injuries
#17
Darnel Murgatroyd, Ian A Harris, Jian Sheng Chen, Sam Adie, Rajat Mittal, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Compensation related factors have been repeatedly associated with poor recovery following orthopaedic trauma. There is limited research into the factors associated with seeking financial compensation. Further understanding of these factors could facilitate injury recovery by purposeful compensation scheme design. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictors of seeking financial compensation, namely making a claim and seeking legal representation, following motor vehicle related orthopaedic trauma...
May 2, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457926/worker-s-compensation-status-and-outcomes-following-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-alif-prospective-observational-study
#18
Kevin Phan, Simon Davies, Prashanth J Rao, Ralph J Mobbs
BACKGROUND: Anterior lumbar-interbody fusion (ALIF) is a common performed procedure for degenerative spinal disorders with reasonable clinical and safety outcomes, although there is limited evidence regarding the impact of ALIF in patients receiving worker's compensation (WC) compared to those without. The aim of our study is to identify whether WC status affects the clinical outcome and rates of complication following ALIF surgery in a prospective cohort. METHODS: 114 consecutive patients undergoing ALIF surgery from 2012-2014 were prospectively followed...
April 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454876/developing-leading-indicators-from-ohs-management-audit-data-determining-the-measurement-properties-of-audit-data-from-the-field
#19
Lynda S Robson, Selahadin Ibrahim, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Ivan A Steenstra, Dwayne Van Eerd, Benjamin C Amick
INTRODUCTION: OHS management audits are one means of obtaining data that may serve as leading indicators. The measurement properties of such data are therefore important. This study used data from Workwell audit program in Ontario, a Canadian province. The audit instrument consisted of 122 items related to 17 OHS management elements. The study sought answers regarding (a) the ability of audit-based scores to predict workers' compensation claims outcomes, (b) structural characteristics of the data in relation to the organization of the audit instrument, and (c) internal consistency of items within audit elements...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454873/predicting-workers-compensation-claims-and-disciplinary-actions-using-securefit%C3%A2-further-support-for-integrative-models-of-workplace-safety
#20
Matthew O'Connell, Kristin Delgado, Amie Lawrence, Mavis Kung, Esteban Tristan
INTRODUCTION: A growing body of applied research has identified certain psychological traits that are predictive of worker safety. However, most of these studies suffer from an overreliance on common method bias caused by self-report measures of both: (a) personal factors such as personality traits; and (b) outcomes such as safety behaviors and injuries. METHOD: This study utilized archival data from 796 employees at a large U.S. automobile manufacturer. Data were gathered on a pre-employment assessment, SecureFit®, that measured key personality characteristics such as conscientiousness, locus of control, and risk taking...
June 2017: Journal of Safety Research
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