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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223372/perspectives-of-low-socioeconomic-status-mothers-of-premature-infants
#1
Elizabeth Enlow, Laura J Faherty, Sara Wallace-Keeshen, Ashley E Martin, Judy A Shea, Scott A Lorch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transitioning premature infants from the NICU to home is a high-risk period with potential for compromised care. Parental stress is high, and families of low socioeconomic status may face additional challenges. Home visiting programs have been used to help this transition, with mixed success. We sought to understand the experiences of at-risk families during this transition to inform interventions. METHODS: Mothers of infants born at <35 weeks' gestation, meeting low socioeconomic status criteria, were interviewed by telephone 30 days after discharge to assess caregiver experiences of discharge and perceptions of home visitors (HVs)...
February 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219445/a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-income-sources-of-primary-care-health-workers-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#2
Rishma Maini, David R Hotchkiss, Josephine Borghi
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the state system to remunerate health workers is poorly functional, encouraging diversification of income sources and corruption. Given the central role that health workers play in health systems, policy-makers need to ensure health workers are remunerated in a way which best incentivises them to provide effective and good quality services. This study describes the different sources and quantities of income paid to primary care health workers in Equateur, Maniema, Kasai Occidental, Province Orientale and Kasai Oriental provinces...
February 20, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216771/filicide-in-the-united-states
#3
Phillip J Resnick
In the United States the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education determines the curriculum required for fellows in forensic psychiatry to become board certified as a subspecialist. Areas that must be covered during the one year fellowship include criminal issues, such as insanity; civil issues, such as tort law and Workers' Compensation; legal regulation of psychiatry, such as confidentiality and involuntary hospitalization; and correctional psychiatry issues, such as dual agency and prisoner's rights...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212198/forensic-nursing-provides-closure-in-workplace-fatality
#4
Colin Harris
The Workers' Compensation Board of British Columbia in Canada is the provincial agency mandated to investigate workplace injuries and fatalities. In 2012, the Fatal and Serious Injuries Investigation section of this organization initiated the integration of forensic nursing expertise into the investigation of workplace incidents. The goals were to improve investigative outcomes and aid in prevention initiatives by achieving a more accurate understanding of incident causation through the application of forensic nursing science...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199293/the-role-of-the-orthopaedic-surgeon-in-workers-compensation-cases
#5
Alan H Daniels, Eren O Kuris, Mark A Palumbo
Workers' compensation is an employer-funded insurance program that provides financial and medical benefits for employees injured at work. Because many occupational injuries are musculoskeletal in nature, the orthopaedic surgeon plays an important role in the workers' compensation system. Along with establishing the correct diagnosis and implementing an appropriate treatment plan, the clinician must understand the fundamental components of the workers' compensation system to manage an injured employee. Ultimately, effective claim management requires collaboration among the employer, the employee, the legal representatives, the insurance company, and the orthopaedic surgeon...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196830/the-benefits-of-data-linkage-for-firefighter-injury-surveillance
#6
Shannon A Widman, Michael T LeVasseur, Loni P Tabb, Jennifer A Taylor
BACKGROUND: While survey data are available for national estimates of fire events and firefighter fatalities, data on firefighter injury at the national and local levels remain incomplete and unreliable. Data linkage provides a vehicle to maximise case detection and deepen injury description for the US fire service. METHODS: By linking departmental Human Resources records, despatch data, workers' compensation and first reports of injury, researchers were able to describe reported non-fatal injuries to 3063 uniformed members of the Philadelphia Fire Department (PFD), for the period of 2005 through 2013...
February 14, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188606/costs-of-productivity-loss-due-to-occupational-cancer-in-canada-estimation-using-claims-data-from-workers-compensation-boards
#7
W Dominika Wranik, Adam Muir, Min Hu
INTRODUCTION: Cancer is a leading cause of illness globally, yet our understanding of the financial implications of cancer caused by working conditions and environments is limited. The goal of this study is to estimate the costs of productivity losses due to occupational cancer in Canada, and to evaluate the factors associated with these costs. METHODS: Two sources of data are used: (i) Individual level administrative claims data from the Workers Compensation Board of Nova Scotia; and (ii) provincial aggregated cancer claims statistics from the Association of Workers Compensation Boards of Canada...
December 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187073/prolonged-preoperative-opioid-therapy-in-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-stenosis-in-a-workers-compensation-setting
#8
Erik Y Tye, Joshua Anderson, Mhamad Faour, Arnold Haas, Rick Percy, Stephen T Woods, Uri M Ahn, Nicholas Ahn
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To investigate the impact of prolonged opioid use in the preoperative treatment plan of degenerative lumbar stenosis (DLS) SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Patients undergoing operative treatment for DLS with concomitant opioid use represent a clinically challenging population. The relative paucity of data on the relationship between preoperative opioid use and clinical outcomes in the Workers' compensation (WC) population necessitates further study of this unique population...
February 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178375/melatonin-restores-hippocampal-neural-precursor-proliferation-and-prevents-cognitive-deficits-induced-by-jet-lag-simulation-in-adult-mice
#9
Deetje Iggena, York Winter, Barbara Steiner
Frequent flyers and shift workers undergo circadian dysrhythmia with adverse impact on body and mind. The circadian rhythm disorder "jet lag" disturbs hippocampal neurogenesis and spatial cognition, which represent morphological and functional adult brain plasticity. This raises the question if pro-neurogenic stimuli might prevent those consequences. However, suitable measures to mitigate jet lag induced adverse effects on brain plasticity have been neglected so far. Here, we used adult C57Bl6 mice to investigate the pro-neurogenic stimuli melatonin (8mg/kg i...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167711/chronic-conditions-workplace-safety-and-job-demands-contribute-to-absenteeism-and-job-performance
#10
Kimberly Jinnett, Natalie Schwatka, Liliana Tenney, Claire V S Brockbank, Lee S Newman
An aging workforce, increased prevalence of chronic health conditions, and the potential for longer working lives have both societal and economic implications. We analyzed the combined impact of workplace safety, employee health, and job demands (work task difficulty) on worker absence and job performance. The study sample consisted of 16,926 employees who participated in a worksite wellness program offered by a workers' compensation insurer to their employers-314 large, midsize, and small businesses in Colorado across multiple industries...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167705/workforce-health-and-productivity
#11
(no author information available yet)
Work and health are inextricably linked. Most American adults spend nearly half of their waking hours at work. Poor physical and social working conditions are associated with chronic illnesses such as hypertension, and work-related accidents and illnesses claim billions of dollars in health care costs and lost productivity annually. Racial and ethnic minorities disproportionately work in low-paying jobs and face increased risks of work-related injury or disability. Policies and benefits such as paid sick leave and unemployment compensation are associated with improved health outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154444/low-back-pain-current-patterns-of-canadian-physiotherapy-service-delivery
#12
Tatiana Orozco, Debbie E Feldman, Barbara Mazer, Gevorg Chilingaryan, Matthew Hunt, Bryn Williams-Jones, Maude Laliberté
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the current patterns of service delivery of Canadian physiotherapy (PT) professionals working in adult musculoskeletal (MSK) outpatient practice. Methods: A total of 846 Canadian PT professionals working with an adult MSK outpatient clientele participated in an online survey about how they would treat a patient with low back pain (LBP). After reading an online clinical vignette about a fictional patient with varying insurance status, participants answered questions about how they would treat the patient (e...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154338/overwork-related-disorders-in-japan-recent-trends-and-development-of-a-national-policy-to-promote-preventive-measures
#13
Takashi Yamauchi, Toru Yoshikawa, Masahiro Takamoto, Takeshi Sasaki, Shun Matsumoto, Kotaro Kayashima, Tadashi Takeshima, Masaya Takahashi
Overwork-related disorders, such as cerebrovascular/cardiovascular diseases (CCVD) and mental disorders due to overwork, are a major occupational and public health issue worldwide, particularly in East Asian countries. This report discusses the recent trend of overwork-related disorders in Japan from the perspective of workers' compensated occupational diseases, as well as the development of a national policy for preventive measures against overwork-related disorders in Japan. Recently, the number of claimed and compensated cases of occupational mental disorders has increased substantially, particularly among young workers, as compared to those of occupational CCVD...
January 31, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153376/predictors-of-postoperative-outcomes-of-cubital-tunnel-syndrome-treatments-using-multiple-logistic-regression-analysis
#14
Taku Suzuki, Takuji Iwamoto, Kanae Shizu, Katsuji Suzuki, Harumoto Yamada, Kazuki Sato
BACKGROUND: This retrospective study was designed to investigate prognostic factors for postoperative outcomes for cubital tunnel syndrome (CubTS) using multiple logistic regression analysis with a large number of patients. METHODS: Eighty-three patients with CubTS who underwent surgeries were enrolled. The following potential prognostic factors for disease severity were selected according to previous reports: sex, age, type of surgery, disease duration, body mass index, cervical lesion, presence of diabetes mellitus, Workers' Compensation status, preoperative severity, and preoperative electrodiagnostic testing...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144976/workers-compensation-claims-not-reported-in-the-survey-of-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-injury-and-claim-characteristics
#15
Sara E Wuellner, Darrin A Adams, David K Bonauto
BACKGROUND: Underreporting in the nation's primary source of non-fatal occupational injury and illness data are well documented, but worker-level characteristics of unreported cases have not been fully explored. METHODS: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) data were linked to Washington workers' compensation claims to identify injury and claim characteristics associated with unreported cases. Workers' compensation administrative date data were used to characterize timing of disability and SOII case eligibility...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135126/red-bone-marrow-and-male-breast-doses-for-a-cohort-of-atomic-veterans
#16
Harold L Beck, John E Till, Helen A Grogan, Jill W Aanenson, H Justin Mohler, S Shawn Mohler, Paul G Voillequé
Both red bone marrow and male breast doses with associated uncertainty have been reconstructed for a 1,982-person subset of a cohort of 114, 270 military personnel (referred to as "atomic veterans") who participated in U.S. atmospheric nuclear weapons testing from 1945 to 1962. The methods used to calculate these doses and corresponding uncertainty have been reported in detail by Till et al. in an earlier publication. In this current article we report the final results of those calculations. These doses are being used in a case-cohort design epidemiological investigation of leukemia and male breast cancer...
January 30, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129081/financial-considerations-for-health-and-safety-in-the-australian-dairy-industry
#17
Tony Lower, Kirrily Pollock
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to quantify the burden of fatal and workers compensation related injuries on the dairy sector in Australia and to assess current financial inputs for Work Health and Safety actions. METHODS: The first and second phase entailed a review of the financial costs associated with fatal (2001-13) and workers compensation cases (2008-09 to 2012-13). The third element was a case study approach focusing on actual production and cost data from a small sample of dairy farms (n=6) to ascertain an estimate for current financial inputs to Work Health and Safety...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125258/100-years-of-occupational-safety-research-from-basic-protections-and-work-analysis-to-a-multilevel-view-of-workplace-safety-and-risk
#18
David A Hofmann, Michael J Burke, Dov Zohar
Starting with initiatives dating back to the mid-1800s, we provide a high-level review of the key trends and developments in the application of applied psychology to the field of occupational safety. Factory laws, basic worker compensation, and research on accident proneness comprised much of the early work. Thus, early research and practice very much focused on the individual worker, the design of their work, and their basic protection. Gradually and over time, the focus began to navigate further into the organizational context...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123225/state-trauma-registries-as-a-resource-for-occupational-injury-surveillance-and-research-lessons-from-washington-state-1998-2009
#19
Jeanne M Sears, Stephen M Bowman
OBJECTIVES: Work-related traumatic injury is a leading cause of death and disability among US workers. Occupational injury surveillance is necessary for effective prevention planning and assessing progress toward Healthy People 2020 objectives. Our objectives were to (1) describe the Washington State Trauma Registry (WTR) as a resource for occupational injury surveillance and research, (2) compare the WTR with 2 population-based data sources more widely used for these purposes, and (3) compare the number of injuries ascertained by the WTR with other data sources...
November 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118983/twelve-month-work-related-outcomes-following-hip-fracture-in-patients-under-65-years-of-age
#20
Christina L Ekegren, Elton R Edwards, Andrew Oppy, Susan Liew, Richard Page, Richard de Steiger, Peter A Cameron, Andrew Bucknill, Raphael Hau, Belinda J Gabbe
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has highlighted the need for improved outcome reporting in younger hip fracture patients. For this population, return to work (RTW) is a particularly important measure against which to evaluate treatment outcomes. However, to date, only two small studies have reported RTW outcomes in young hip fracture patients and neither investigated factors predictive of RTW. The aims of this study were to report return to work (RTW) status and predictors of RTW 12 months after hip fracture in patients <65 years...
January 18, 2017: Injury
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