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Abdominal imaging, hcc

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627389/plasma-msept9-a-novel-circulating-cell-free-dna-based-epigenetic-biomarker-to-diagnose-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Abderrahim Oussalah, Susann Rischer, Mouni Bensenane, Guillaume Conroy, Pierre Filhine-Tresarrieu, Renée Debard, Denise Forest-Tramoy, Thomas Josse, Dana Reinicke, Matthieu Garcia, Amandine Luc, Cédric Baumann, Ahmet Ayav, Valérie Laurent, Marcus Hollenbach, Cristina Ripoll, Rosa-Maria Guéant-Rodriguez, Fares Namour, Alexander Zipprich, Michael Fleischhacker, Jean-Pierre Bronowicki, Jean-Louis Guéant
BACKGROUND: Patients with cirrhosis are at high risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The SEPT9 gene is a key regulator of cell division and tumor suppressor whose hypermethylation is associated with liver carcinogenesis. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a PCR-based assay for the analysis of SEPT9 promoter methylation in circulating cell-free DNA (mSEPT9) for diagnosing HCC among cirrhotic patients. METHODS: We report two phase II biomarker studies that included cirrhotic patients with or without HCC from France (initial study) and Germany (replication study)...
March 28, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623675/abdominal-imaging-findings-in-adult-patients-with-fontan-circulation
#2
REVIEW
Tae-Hyung Kim, Hyun Kyung Yang, Hyun-Jung Jang, Shi-Joon Yoo, Korosh Khalili, Tae Kyoung Kim
The Fontan procedures, designed to treat paediatric patients with functional single ventricles, have markedly improved the patient's survival into adulthood. The physiology of the Fontan circuit inevitably increases systemic venous pressure, which may lead to multi-system organ failure in the long-term follow-up. Fontan-associated liver disease (FALD) can progress to liver cirrhosis with signs of portal hypertension. Focal nodular hyperplasia-like nodules commonly develop in FALD. Imaging surveillance is often performed to monitor the progression of FALD and to detect hepatocellular carcinoma, which infrequently develops in FALD...
April 5, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594465/interpreting-body-mri-cases-classic-findings-in-abdominal-mri
#3
REVIEW
Leann Kania, Flavius Guglielmo, Donald Mitchell
Few things in radiology are "pathognomonic" in their appearance or presentation. However, having an awareness of those findings which are specific to a certain entity is important when interpreting imaging studies. These classic findings can be identified with many imaging modalities, but no modality provides as many recognizable observations as an MRI. This results from the large variety of pulse sequences that provide high contrast resolution, prior to and following contrast administration. In this article, the most classically recognized abdominal findings are presented including the following: Liver: Cyst, hemangioma, focal nodular hyperplasia, hepatic adenoma, hemosiderosis, hepatocellular carcinoma...
March 28, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514643/unusual-presentation-of-a-hepatocellular-carcinoma-as-a-potential-late-side-effect-of-radiotherapy-in-a-patient-treated-for-wilms-tumor-in-childhood
#4
Deborah Repullo, Marie Diaz, Stéphane Holbrechts, Maria Gomez-Galdón, Dirk Van Gestel, Ali Bohlok, Gabriel Liberale, Vincent Donckier
BACKGROUND: The development of a second primary tumor is a potential late side effect of radiotherapy. Particularly, an increased risk of secondary cancers, mostly of digestive or breast origin, has been observed in patients treated with high-dose radiotherapy for Wilms tumor (WT) in childhood. However, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been very rarely described as a potentially radiotherapy-induced tumor. We describe the case of a patient with an aggressive HCC 50 years after the treatment of a WT...
March 7, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498104/cardio-hepatic-risk-assessment-by-cmr-imaging-in-liver-transplant-candidates
#5
Sahadev T Reddy, Ngoc L Thai, Jose Oliva, Kusum B Tom, Michael K Dishart, Mark Doyle, June A Yamrozik, Ronald B Williams, Moneal Shah, Adil Wani, Anil Singh, Rishi Maheswary, Robert W W Biederman
BACKGROUND: The preoperative workup of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) patients is practically complex given the need for multiple imaging modalities. We recently demonstrated in our proof-of-concept study the value of a one-stop-shop approach using cardiovascular MRI (CMR) to address this complex problem. However, this approach requires further validation in a larger cohort, as detection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as well as cardiovascular risk assessment is critically important in these patients...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479728/an-expert-consensus-for-the-management-of-chronic-hepatitis-b-in-asian-americans
#6
M J Tong, C Q Pan, S-H B Han, D S-K Lu, S Raman, K-Q Hu, J K Lim, H W Hann, A D Min
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is common with major clinical consequences. In Asian Americans, the HBsAg carrier rate ranges from 2% to 16% which approximates the rates from their countries of origin. Similarly, HBV is the most important cause of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver related deaths in HBsAg positive Asians worldwide. AIM: To generate recommendations for the management of Asian Americans infected with HBV. METHODS: These guidelines are based on relevant data derived from medical reports on HBV from Asian countries as well as from studies in the HBsAg positive Asian Americans...
February 26, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467557/esophageal-metastasis-of-stem-cell-subtype-hepatocholangiocarcinoma-rare-presentation-of-a-rare-tumor
#7
Maëva Salimon, Nicolas Chapelle, Tamara Matysiak-Budnik, Jean-François Mosnier, Eric Frampas, Yann Touchefeu
Hepatocholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-ICC) is a rare primary hepatic tumor defined by the presence of histological features of both hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Its prevalence ranges from 1%-5% of all primary liver cancers. We report the case of a 55-year-old cirrhotic male patient admitted to our university hospital for dysphagia, revealing a 10 cm lower-third esophageal metastasis of an unresectable cHCC-ICC with stem-cell features. Computed tomography and abdominal magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed multiple hepatic lesions combining features of both HCC and ICC, associated with synchronous bone metastasis...
February 21, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456411/clinical-utility-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-kinetics-in-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-chronic-hepatitis-b-patients-during-long-term-entecavir-therapy
#8
Tien-Ching Lin, Yen-Cheng Chiu, Hung-Chih Chiu, Wen-Chun Liu, Pin-Nan Cheng, Chiung-Yu Chen, Ting-Tsung Chang, I-Chin Wu
AIM: To investigate the utility of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) kinetics in chronic hepatitis B patients during long-term entecavir treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study included treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients who received at least 2 years of consecutive entecavir treatment. Patients were followed up at three to six month intervals with liver biochemistry, hepatitis B virus DNA, and abdominal sonography. In hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients, HBeAg levels were assessed every three to six month until results became negative...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399277/fatty-liver-disease-an-emerging-etiology-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-argentina
#9
Federico Piñero, Josefina Pages, Sebastián Marciano, Nora Fernández, Jorge Silva, Margarita Anders, Alina Zerega, Ezequiel Ridruejo, Beatriz Ameigeiras, Claudia D'Amico, Luis Gaite, Carla Bermúdez, Manuel Cobos, Carlos Rosales, Gustavo Romero, Lucas McCormack, Virginia Reggiardo, Luis Colombato, Adrián Gadano, Marcelo Silva
AIM: To investigate any changing trends in the etiologies of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Argentina during the last years. METHODS: A longitudinal cohort study was conducted by 14 regional hospitals starting in 2009 through 2016. All adult patients with newly diagnosed HCC either with pathology or imaging criteria were included. Patients were classified as presenting non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) either by histology or clinically, provided that all other etiologies of liver disease were ruled out, fatty liver was present on abdominal ultrasound and alcohol consumption was excluded...
January 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394753/-multidisciplinary-therapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-with-peritoneal-dissemination
#10
Natsuko Yamauchi, Masahiro Kido, Shohei Komatsu, Motofumi Tanaka, Hisoka Kinoshita, Daisuke Tsugawa, Masafumi Awazu, Kimihiko Ueno, Hirochika Toyama, Sachio Terai, Hideyo Mukubou, Tetsuo Ajiki, Takumi Fukumoto
We report a case of bilobar multiple hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)with peritoneal dissemination successfullytreated by dual treatment with reductive surgeryplus percutaneous isolated hepatic perfusion(PIHP). A 73-year-old man had sudden abdominal pain and was diagnosed bilobar multiple HCC through some examinations. The abdominal CT scan demonstrated onlya peritoneal dissemination under the liver. We performed partial hepatectomyof the lateral segment and the Spiegel lobe, and resected a peritoneal dissemination...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372848/hepatic-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma
#11
Lynette L Studer, Dale M Selby
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor, composed of epithelioid and histiocytoid vascular endothelial cells in myxoid or fibrotic stroma, which can arise in multiple locations throughout the body. In the liver, this neoplasm usually presents on imaging as an incidental finding of multifocal, heterogeneously enhancing nodules in both lobes or presents clinically with nonspecific abdominal symptoms. Histologically, the tumor has been mistaken for metastatic carcinoma, angiosarcoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma...
February 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317591/an-unusual-presentation-of-advanced-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-when-biopsy-results-fail
#12
Joseph J Tasch, Nirva Dube
BACKGROUND Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is a rare condition which typically occurs in males between 50 and 70 years of age, and presents with symptoms related to biliary obstruction including jaundice, pruritus, and dark urine. Other common symptoms at presentation include abdominal pain, weight loss, and fever. CASE REPORT We present a case of a 67-year-old female initially presenting with chest pain at rest, found to have a lung nodule on diagnostic imaging at the time of admission. On further imaging, a 9 cm liver lesion was incidentally discovered, initially suspicious for hepatocellular carcinoma on imaging, with initial biopsy staining CK7 positive, and CK20 negative...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312871/patient-specific-three-dimensional-printing-for-pre-surgical-planning-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treatment
#13
Elizabeth Perica, Zhonghua Sun
Background: Recently, three-dimensional (3D) printing has shown great interest in medicine, and 3D printed models may be rendered as part of the pre-surgical planning process in order to better understand the complexities of an individual's anatomy. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of utilising 3D printed liver models as clinical tools in pre-operative planning for resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) lesions. Methods: High-resolution contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) images were acquired and utilized to generate a patient-specific 3D printed liver model...
December 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310401/ectopic-hepatocellular-carcinoma-manifesting-multiple-abdominal-masses-a-case-report
#14
RenAn Jin, Qingsong Yu, Xiao Liang
RATIONALE: Ectopic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a rare disease that mostly originates from an ectopic liver. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient was admitted with upper abdominal distention for 3 months, which aggravated after meal. DIAGNOSES: A contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple abdominal masses. After exploratory laparotomy and histological examination, the patient was diagnosed as ectopic HCC. INTERVENTIONS: Exploratory laparotomy was performed for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244227/surveillance-for-hepatobiliary-cancers-in-patients-with-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#15
Ahmad Hassan Ali, James H Tabibian, Navine Nasser-Ghodsi, Ryan J Lennon, Thomas DeLeon, Mitesh J Borad, Moira Hilscher, Marina G Silveira, Elizabeth J Carey, Keith D Lindor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a risk factor for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and gallbladder carcinoma (GBCa). Surveillance for GBCa is recommended, but the clinical utility of surveillance for other hepatobiliary cancers (HBCa) in PSC, namely CCA and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), is unclear. We aimed to determine whether surveillance is associated with better survival after diagnosis of HBCa in patients with PSC. METHODS: Medical records of PSC patients seen at Mayo Clinic Rochester from 1995-2015 were reviewed...
December 15, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187023/biopsy-proven-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-a-53-year-old-woman-with-arginase-deficiency
#16
Matthew Koo, Gerald S Lipshutz, Stephen D Cederbaum, Charles Lassman
Arginase 1 deficiency, the least common urea cycle disorder, commonly presents with childhood-onset spastic paraplegia, progressive neurologic impairment, epilepsy, and developmental delay or regression. Biopsy-proven cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosed via clinical and imaging studies (but without biopsy confirmation) have been previously reported. We report, herein, a case of a 53-year-old woman with arginase 1 deficiency who developed symptoms of "abdominal bloating." Imaging studies (ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) demonstrated 2 dominant hepatic masses, measuring 5...
November 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175528/excellent-outcomes-of-liver-transplantation-following-down-staging-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-to-within-milan-criteria-a-multi-center-study
#17
Neil Mehta, Jennifer Guy, Catherine T Frenette, Jennifer L Dodge, Robert W Osorio, William B Minteer, John P Roberts, Francis Y Yao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Single-center studies have reported excellent outcomes of patients who underwent liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after successful down-staging (reduction of tumor burden with local-regional therapy), but multi-center studies are lacking. We performed a multi-center study, applying a uniform down-staging protocol, to assess outcomes of liver transplantation and performed an intention to treat analysis. We analyzed factors associated with treatment failure, defined as dropout from the liver transplant waitlist due to tumor progression, liver-related death without transplant, or recurrence of HCC after transplant...
November 23, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166330/hepatic-falciform-artery-demonstrating-maa-uptake-in-the-anterior-abdomen-prior-to-embolization
#18
Dhruv Patel, Ken Le, Joga Chaganti, Robert Mansberg
A 58-year-old man was referred for selective internal radiation therapy for locally advanced unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Intra-arterial particle perfusion scintigraphy was performed with SPECT/CT following intra-arterial injection of Tc macroaggregated albumin. Angiography demonstrated a hepatic falciform artery, a feeding artery of the ligamentum teres, whereas scintigraphy demonstrated tracer uptake in the mid-anterior abdominal wall. The hepatic falciform artery was subsequently embolized and the repeat angiogram confirmed successful occlusion...
January 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151285/-afp-producing-gastric-cancer-and-hepatoid-gastric-cancer
#19
Y K Wang, X T Zhang
AFP-producing gastric cancer(AFPGC) and hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the stomach (HAS) are two special subtypes of gastric cancer. There are both correlation and difference between them. AFPGC is usually identified as primary gastric cancer with serum AFP level more than 20 ng/ml or showed AFP positive staining by immunohistochemistry. The diagnosis of HAS is mainly dependent on the pathological character of hepatocellular carcinoma-like differentiation of gastric cancer. The morbidity of AFPGC and HAS are rather low, especially the incidence of HAS is about 1%...
November 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134355/extracellular-contrast-agent-enhanced-mri-15-min-delayed-phase-may-improve-the-diagnostic-performance-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease
#20
Si Eun Lee, Chansik An, Shin Hye Hwang, Jin-Young Choi, Kyunghwa Han, Myeong-Jin Kim
OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of a 15-min delayed phase in extracellular contrast agent (ECA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for evaluation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic liver disease. METHODS: Between 2014 and 2015, 103 patients with chronic liver disease underwent ECA-enhanced MRI; 133 lesions consisting of 107 HCCs, 23 benign lesions and three non-HCC malignancies were identified with pathological or clinical diagnosis...
November 13, 2017: European Radiology
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