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Residents as teachers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119470/failure-to-flow-an-exploration-of-learning-and-teaching-in-busy-multi-patient-environments-using-an-interpretive-description-method
#1
Teresa M Chan, Kenneth Van Dewark, Jonathan Sherbino, Alan Schwartz, Geoff Norman, Matthew Lineberry
INTRODUCTION: As patient volumes continue to increase, more attention must be paid to skills that foster efficiency without sacrificing patient safety. The emergency department is a fertile ground for examining leadership and management skills, especially those that concern prioritization in multi-patient environments. We sought to understand the needs of emergency physicians (EPs) and emergency medicine junior trainees with regards to teaching and learning about how best to handle busy, multi-patient environments...
November 8, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098045/something-s-missing-from-my-education-using-a-cross-sectional-survey-to-examine-the-needs-and-interest-of-canadian-medical-students-relating-to-their-roles-as-teachers-and-educators
#2
Alim Nagji, Karen Leslie, Eric Wong, Doug Myhre, Meredith Young, Ming-Ka Chan
Background: Current theory in medical education emphasizes engaging learners as educators while tailoring teaching to their learning needs. However, little is known about learners' perceptions of their proposed roles as teachers and educators. Methods: Canadian medical students were invited to complete an English language online questionnaire structured to include: teaching experience, participation and/or awareness of teacher development at their school and awareness and/or interest in further training in medical education...
June 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074340/evaluation-of-clinical-teaching-quality-in-competency-based-residency-training-in-lithuania
#3
Eglė Vaižgėlienė, Žilvinas Padaiga, Daiva Rastenytė, Algimantas Tamelis, Kęstutis Petrikonis, Cornelia Fluit
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In 2013, all residency programs at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences were renewed into the competency-based medical education curriculum (CBME). In 2015, we implemented the validated EFFECT questionnaire together with the EFFECT-System for quality assessment of clinical teaching in residency training. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of characteristics of the resident (year of training) and clinical teacher (gender, age, and type of academic position) on teaching quality, as well as to assess areas for teaching quality improvement...
September 7, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031490/-survey-on-the-perception-of-competencies-acquired-during-nephrology-resident-training-in-france
#4
Olivier Moranne, Marie-Noëlle Peraldi, Gabriel Choukroun, Philippe Brunet, Éric Rondeau, Bruno Moulin
Due to a national theoretical training provided to all resident for many years and the ongoing discussions to change the organization of the resident training of specialized study diploma (SSD) of nephrology, a survey was done to assess the perception of skills acquired in the management of different clinical situations in terms of knowledge, expertise and attitudes. The expected results are intended to identify new training procedures for future nephrologists in France. The study was performed in 112 resident from 3rd and 4th year of nephrology resident training attending an educational seminar of the University College of Nephrology Teachers in May 2014...
October 11, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018491/perception-of-noise-pollution-in-a-youth-and-adults-school-in-curitiba-pr
#5
Orlando Borges Filho, Angela Ribas, Claudia Giglio De Oliveira Gonçalves, Adriana Bender Moreira Lacerda, Renato Riesemberg, Karlin Klagenberg
Introduction  Nowadays noise remains the third largest cause of environmental pollution on Earth. It appears that despite the existing noise control legislation the issue deserves further supervision by the public authorities so that the ceilings established for the various activities are observed. People exposed to noise are more likely to develop numerous auditory and non-auditory problems directly impacting persona family and working life. Objectives  The objective of this study is to research and consequently understand how the population of students of a youth and adult school in Curitiba perceives noise pollution as well as look into the actions that the school adopts in order to guide the students on the topic...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991848/the-feedback-tango-an-integrative-review-and-analysis-of-the-content-of-the-teacher-learner-feedback-exchange
#6
Robert Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis, Victoria Hayes, Robert Trowbridge, Heather Kemp, Dina McKelvy
PURPOSE: To conduct an integrative review and analysis of the literature on the content of feedback to learners in medical education. METHOD: Following completion of a scoping review in 2016, the authors analyzed a subset of articles published through 2015 describing the analysis of feedback exchange content in various contexts: audiotapes, clinical examination, feedback cards, multisource feedback, videotapes, and written feedback. Two reviewers extracted data from these articles and identified common themes...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991846/a-multi-institutional-longitudinal-faculty-development-program-in-humanism-supports-the-professional-development-of-faculty-teachers
#7
William T Branch, Richard M Frankel, Janet P Hafler, Amy B Weil, MaryAnn C Gilligan, Debra K Litzelman, Margaret Plews-Ogan, Elizabeth A Rider, Lars G Osterberg, Dana Dunne, Natalie B May, Arthur R Derse
The authors describe the first 11 academic years (2005-2006 through 2016-2017) of a longitudinal, small-group faculty development program for strengthening humanistic teaching and role modeling at 30 U.S. and Canadian medical schools that continues today. During the yearlong program, small groups of participating faculty met twice monthly with a local facilitator for exercises in humanistic teaching, role modeling, and related topics that combined narrative reflection with skills training using experiential learning techniques...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/educational-and-evaluation-strategies-in-the-training-of-physician-specialists
#8
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Background: Teaching strategies have been defined as procedures, means or resources that teachers used to promote meaningful learning. Aim: Identify teaching strategies and evaluation used by the professor with residents in tertiary hospitals health care. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with full, associate and assistant professors of various medical specialties. A questionnaire was applied to evaluate the strategies used by professors to teach and evaluate students...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990336/peer-teaching-of-the-physical-exam-a-pilot-study
#9
Valeria C Pazo, Susan Frankl, Subha Ramani, Joel Katz
BACKGROUND: Mastery of the physical exam (PE), and the ability to teach it to peers and medical students, are important milestones for residents (junior doctors); however, several reports indicate that PE skills are in decline. To address this need, we explored the use of peer observation of teaching (POT) as a conceptual framework to develop an innovative approach to PE teaching at the postgraduate medical education level. INNOVATION: We designed a PE POT session to be conducted at the patient bedside, and piloted four sessions in April 2014...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986275/quantification-of-resident-work-in-colorectal-surgery
#10
Elizabeth A Bailey, Adam P Johnson, Ira L Leeds, Rachel L Medbery, Vanita Ahuja, Thomas VanderMeer, Elizabeth C Wick, Busayo Irojah, Rachel R Kelz
OBJECTIVE: To examine resident intraoperative participation, perceived autonomy, and communication patterns between residents and attending surgeons using a novel survey tool. DESIGN: This was a prospective multi-institutional study. Operative residents completed the survey tool immediately after each colorectal resection performed during the study period. Resident intraoperative participation was quantified including degree of involvement in the technical aspects of the case, self-perception of autonomy, and communication strategies between the resident and attending...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970458/current-status-and-future-suggestions-for-improving-the-pharm-d-curriculum-towards-clinical-pharmacy-practice-in-pakistan
#11
Saima Mahmood Malhi, Hassan Raza, Kiran Ajmal, Sumbul Shamim, Saniya Ata, Salman Farooq, Syed Muhammad Sharib, Sidrat-Ul Muntaha
Objectives & Background: Good curriculum is reflected as the backbone for standard universities to develop competitive professionals having great potential. Pharmacy education in Pakistan has gone through the same developmental stages as in other countries, but is still striving for improvement. In the present study, we want (i) to know the opinion on whether the current pharmacy curriculum requires any improvement in order to meet the training needs of pharmacy professionals regarding clinical knowledge and pharmacy practice; and (ii) to present some humble suggestions to decision-making authorities in order to improve it with respect to patient-focused programs (PFP)...
August 17, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937517/effects-of-a-short-video-based-resident-as-teacher-training-toolkit-on-resident-teaching
#12
Hope A Ricciotti, Taylor S Freret, Ashley Aluko, Bri Anne McKeon, Miriam J Haviland, Lori R Newman
OBJECTIVE: To pilot a short video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit and assess its effect on resident teaching skills in clinical settings. METHODS: A video-based resident-as-teacher training toolkit was previously developed by educational experts at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School. Residents were recruited from two academic hospitals, watched two videos from the toolkit ("Clinical Teaching Skills" and "Effective Clinical Supervision"), and completed an accompanying self-study guide...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937514/surgical-skills-feedback-and-mytipreport-is-there-construct-validity
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
AnnaMarie Connolly, Anita Blanchard, Alice Goepfert, Nicole Donnellan, Elizabeth Buys, Richard Uribe, Kimberly Kenton
OBJECTIVE: To initiate construct validity testing of myTIPreport for procedural skill assessment in a prospective multicenter evaluation study. METHODS: Teachers and learners from a convenience-based site selection of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) and female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS) training programs performed procedural assessments in myTIPreport. The specifically defined 5-point Dreyfus rating scale describing ability levels from novice to expert was used...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937513/entrustment-evidence-used-by-expert-gynecologic-surgical-teachers-to-determine-residents-autonomy
#14
Xiaodong Phoenix Chen, Amy M Sullivan, Joan M Bengtson, John L Dalrymple
OBJECTIVE: To identify entrustment evidence used by expert gynecologic surgical teachers to determine obstetrics and gynecology residents' level of autonomy in the operating room. METHODS: A qualitative interview study was undertaken from March to November 2016. Four selection criteria were used to define and purposefully sample expert gynecologic surgical teachers across the United States to represent all four geographic regions. All interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927448/barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-addiction-medicine-fellowships-a-qualitative-study-with-fellows-medical-students-residents-and-preceptors
#15
J Klimas, W Small, K Ahamad, W Cullen, A Mead, L Rieb, E Wood, R McNeil
BACKGROUND: Although progress in science has driven advances in addiction medicine, this subject has not been adequately taught to medical trainees and physicians. As a result, there has been poor integration of evidence-based practices in addiction medicine into physician training which has impeded addiction treatment and care. Recently, a number of training initiatives have emerged internationally, including the addiction medicine fellowships in Vancouver, Canada. This study was undertaken to examine barriers and facilitators of implementing addiction medicine fellowships...
September 20, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901176/an-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-national-aeronautics-and-space-administration-mission-x-child-health-promotion-program-in-the-united-states
#16
Jungwon Min, Zhengqi Tan, Laurie Abadie, Scott Townsend, Hong Xue, Youfa Wang
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Mission-X: Train Like an Astronaut program (MX) on children's health-related knowledge and behaviors of a sample of US participants. DESIGN: A nonexperimental pilot intervention study in 5 cities with a pre-post comparison of children's health-related knowledge and behaviors in the United States in 2014 and 2015. SAMPLE: Children (n = 409) with a mean age (standard deviation) of 10...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830288/challenges-of-feedback-provision-in-the-workplace-a-qualitative-study-of-emergency-medicine-residents-and-teachers
#17
Chung-Hsien Chaou, Lynn V Monrouxe, Li-Chun Chang, Shiuan-Ruey Yu, Chip-Jin Ng, Ching-Hsing Lee, Yu-Che Chang
BACKGROUND: Feedback is an effective pedagogical tool in clinical teaching and learning, but is often perceived as unsatisfactory. Little is known about the effect of a busy clinical environment on feedback-giving and -seeking behaviors. This study aims to determine the perceptions and challenges of feedback provision in a busy clinical setting, exemplified by an emergency department (ED). METHODS: A qualitative semi-structured interview study design was employed...
August 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830280/how-physicians-teach-in-the-clinical-setting-the-embedded-roles-of-teaching-and-clinical-care
#18
Yvonne Steinert, Mandeep Basi, Peter Nugus
BACKGROUND: Clinical teaching lies at the heart of medical education. However, few studies have explored the embedded nature of teaching and clinical care. The goal of this study was to examine the process of clinical teaching as it naturally, and spontaneously, unfolds in a broad range of authentic contexts with medical students and residents. METHODS: This focused ethnographic study consisted of 160 hours of participant observation and field interviews with three internal medicine teams...
August 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830279/work-engagement-in-health-professions-education
#19
Joost W van den Berg, Nicole J J M Mastenbroek, Renée A Scheepers, A Debbie C Jaarsma
Work engagement deserves more attention in health professions education because of its positive relations with personal well-being and performance at work. For health professions education, these outcomes have been studied on various levels. Consider engaged clinical teachers, who are seen as better clinical teachers; consider engaged residents, who report committing fewer medical errors than less engaged peers. Many topics in health professions education can benefit from explicitly including work engagement as an intended outcome such as faculty development programs, feedback provision and teacher recognition...
August 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781132/-taking-training-to-the-next-level-the-american-college-of-surgeons-committee-on-residency-training-survey
#20
Richard B Damewood, Patrice Gabler Blair, Yoon Soo Park, Linda K Lupi, Rachel Williams Newman, Ajit K Sachdeva
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons (ACS) appointed a committee of leaders from the ACS, Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and American Board of Surgery to define key challenges facing surgery resident training programs and to explore solutions. The committee wanted to solicit the perspectives of surgery resident program directors (PDs) given their pivotal role in residency training. DESIGN: Two surveys were developed, pilot tested, and administered to PDs following Institutional Review Board approval...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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