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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871560/anesthesiology-residents-perception-of-educational-environment-comparison-between-different-years-of-training
#1
Efrain Riveros-Perez, Ricardo Riveros, Nicole M Zimmerman, Alparsian Turan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the year of residency in anesthesiology is associated with residents' overall perceptions of the learning environment and to evaluate the association between year of residency and each of the five domains of the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) survey. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Residency program of anesthesiology at the Cleveland Clinic. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTION: Residents of anesthesiology at the Cleveland Clinic were invited to complete the DREEM questionnaire and a demographic survey...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832752/more-primary-care-patients-regret-health-decisions-if-they-experienced-decisional-conflict-in-the-consultation-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-multicenter-descriptive-study
#2
Maria-Margarita Becerra-Perez, Matthew Menear, Stephane Turcotte, Michel Labrecque, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate the extent of decision regret among primary care patients and identify risk factors associated with regret. METHODS: Secondary analysis of an observational descriptive study conducted in two Canadian provinces. Unique patient-physician dyads were recruited from 17 primary care clinics and data on patient, physician and consultation characteristics were collected before, during and immediately after consultations, as well as two weeks post-consultation, when patients completed the Decision Regret Scale (DRS)...
November 10, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793143/urban-rural-and-geographic-differences-in-overweight-and-obesity-in-four-sub-saharan-african-adult-populations-a-multi-country-cross-sectional-study
#3
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Clement Adebamowo, Hans-Olov Adami, Shona Dalal, Megan B Diamond, Francis Bajunirwe, David Guwatudde, Marina Njelekela, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, Faraja S Chiwanga, Jimmy Volmink, Robert Kalyesubula, Carien Laurence, Todd G Reid, Douglas Dockery, David Hemenway, Donna Spiegelman, Michelle D Holmes
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are on the rise in developing countries including sub-Saharan Africa. We undertook a four-country survey to show the collective burden of these health conditions as they occur currently in sub-Saharan Africa and to determine the differences between urban and rural populations and other socio-economic factors. METHODS: Participants were nurses in two hospitals in Nigeria (200), school teachers in South Africa (489) and Tanzania (229), and village residents in one peri-urban (297) and one rural location in Uganda (200) who completed a standardised questionnaire...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682008/the-sewol-ferry-disaster-experiences-of-a-community-based-hospital-in-ansan-city
#4
Jong-Hak Park, Hanjin Cho, Joo Yeong Kim, Joo-Hyun Song, Sungwoo Moon, Sang Hoon Cha, Byung-Min Choi, Chang-Su Han, Young-Hoon Ko, Hongjae Lee
The Sewol ferry disaster is one of the most tragic events in Korea's modern history. Among the 476 people on board, which included Danwon High School students (324) and teachers (14), 304 passengers died in the disaster (295 recovered corpses and 9 missing) and 172 survived. Of the rescued survivors, 72 were attending Danwon High School, located in Ansan City, and residing in a residence nearby. Because the students were young, emotionally susceptible adolescents, both the government and the parents requested the students be grouped together at a single hospital capable of appropriate psychiatric care...
September 29, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672739/-teaching-in-perspective-how-medical-students-assess-their-practical-clinical-training-in-surgery
#5
M Rüsseler, A Schill, P Kalozoumi-Paisi, C Ganzert, L Arheilger, J Sterz, T Kollewe, S H Hoefer, F Adili
Introduction: Practical clinical expertise is a crucial part of medical professionalism. Several studies have shown that medical students are poorly trained in practical skills during their undergraduate training. Even the students rated their own expertise in practical skills as poor. The amendments to the German Regulating Licenses in Practical Medicine are intended to strengthen practical clinical training. The aim of the present study is to use focus groups to analyse practical clinical training with respect to organisation, difficulties and problems from the learners' perspective...
September 27, 2016: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662001/the-labor-games
#6
Laurice Bou Nemer, Dawn Kalin, Desiree Fiorentino, Jorge J Garcia, Christopher M Estes
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a simulation laboratory designed to stimulate learning and increase medical students' preparedness for an obstetrics and gynecology clinical clerkship. METHODS: Ninety-seven medical students participated in the games during their obstetrics and gynecology clerkship in 1 year. Using the resident-as-teacher model, students rotated through seven stations, each with a simulated obstetric task. Points were awarded at each station, and the student with the highest score won...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640910/weekly-e-mailed-teaching-tips-and-reading-material-influence-teaching-among-general-surgery-residents
#7
Ammara A Watkins, Stephen P Gondek, Kiran H Lagisetty, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Sidharta P Gangadharan, Michael J Cahalane, Tara S Kent
BACKGROUND: A nonintrusive e-mail reminder incorporating teaching tips and manuscripts was developed to supplement resident-as-teacher curricula. METHODS: Ten high-yield manuscripts and 10 teaching tips exemplifying the themes of mentorship or role modeling, teaching methods, adult learning theory, feedback, and the resident role of teaching were distributed to general surgery house staff through a weekly e-mail series. House staff completed surveys before and after the 20-week e-mail series...
July 9, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623125/-interpersonal-therapy-ipt-in-child-psychiatry-and-adolescent
#8
B Lavigne, E Audebert-Mérilhou, G Buisson, F Kochman, J P Clément, B Olliac
INTRODUCTION: Depression disorder may become the first cause of morbidity by 2030, according to the World Health Organization. It is actually one of the main causes of disease and handicap in children aged from 10 to 19. The major risk is suicide, whose prevalence is estimated, in France, around 6.7 for 100,000, which is probably underestimated. At present, the discussions about prescription of antidepressants in an adolescent's depression remain intense which is why psychotherapy becomes the first choice of treatment...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618990/non-completion-of-upper-secondary-school-among-female-and-male-young-adults-in-an-arctic-sociocultural-context-the-naahs-study
#9
Elisabeth Valmyr Bania, Stian Lydersen, Siv Kvernmo
BACKGROUND: Education is closely associated with health. Non-completion of upper secondary school influences academic achievement, employment, income and personal well-being. The purpose of the study is to explore predictors of non-completion of upper secondary school among female and male young adults in relation to mental health and educational factors in a socio-cultural, Arctic context. METHODS: The Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study (NAAHS) is a cross-sectional, school-based survey that was conducted in 2003-2005...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575534/social-dancing-and-incidence-of-falls-in-older-adults-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Dafna Merom, Erin Mathieu, Ester Cerin, Rachael L Morton, Judy M Simpson, Chris Rissel, Kaarin J Anstey, Catherine Sherrington, Stephen R Lord, Robert G Cumming
BACKGROUND: The prevention of falls among older people is a major public health challenge. Exercises that challenge balance are recognized as an efficacious fall prevention strategy. Given that small-scale trials have indicated that diverse dance styles can improve balance and gait of older adults, two of the strongest risk factors for falls in older people, this study aimed to determine whether social dance is effective in i) reducing the number of falls and ii) improving physical and cognitive fall-related risk factors...
August 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543516/learning-technology-and-intellectual-property-a-survey-of-the-philosophies-and-preferences-of-our-trainees-and-peers
#11
Maria A Bedoya, Susan J Back, Mary H Scanlon, Jorge Delgado, Kassa Darge, Janet R Reid
BACKGROUND: Increasing workloads threaten the quality of teaching in academic radiology practices. There is a wealth of unfiltered educational resources for radiology on the internet. As a digital native, today's radiology trainee may have differing opinions from teachers about learning and intellectual property. OBJECTIVE: To identify the preferences and philosophies regarding learning, technology and intellectual property toward the future development of an innovative radiology curriculum...
December 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536380/maternal-diet-quality-and-nutrient-intake-in-the-gestational-period-results-from-the-delta-healthy-sprouts-comparative-impact-trial
#12
Lisa M Tussing-Humphreys, Jessica L Thomson, Melissa H Goodman, Sarah Olender
BACKGROUND: A woman's diet while pregnant can play an important role in her reproductive health as well as the health of her unborn child. Diet quality and nutrient intake amongst pregnant women residing in the rural Lower Mississippi Delta (LMD) region of the United States is inadequate. The Delta Healthy Sprouts Project was designed to test the comparative impact of two home visiting programs on weight status, dietary intake, and health behaviors of women and their infants residing in the LMD region...
2016: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504961/trauma-and-psychological-distress-in-latino-citizen-children-following-parental-detention-and-deportation
#13
Lisseth Rojas-Flores, Mari L Clements, J Hwang Koo, Judy London
The mental health impact of parental detention and deportation on citizen children is a topic of increasing concern. Forced parent-child separation and parental loss are potentially traumatic events (PTEs) with adverse effects on children's mental health. Objective: This study examines posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and psychological distress among 91 Latino U.S.-born children (ages 6 to 12), living in mixed-status families with a least 1 undocumented parent at risk for detention or deportation...
August 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501530/development-and-pilot-testing-of-an-educational-intervention-for-parents-caregivers-and-teachers-of-children-with-verbal-communication-disabilities-in-mexico
#14
Irene Parada-Toro, Rosa M Gómez-Quiroz, Sandra Treviño-Siller
The purpose of this study was to implement and test an educational intervention aimed at training parents/caregivers and teachers in strategies to support children with verbal communication disabilities (VCDs). We carried out a descriptive observational research conducted in two phases during 2013-2014: a mixed-method diagnosis and intervention development. We used convenience sampling to select the parents/caregivers and teachers of first-to-third graders with VCDs across four public elementary schools in a suburban community in central Mexico...
August 8, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466457/lessons-learned-from-the-accident-at-the-fukushima-dai-ichi-nuclear-power-plant-more-than-basic-knowledge-education-and-its-effects-improve-the-preparedness-and-response-to-radiation-emergency
#15
Misao Hachiya, Makoto Akashi
A huge earthquake struck the northeast coast of the main island of Japan on 11 March 2011 triggering an extremely large tsunami to hit the area. The earthquake and tsunami caused serious damage to the Fukushima nuclear power plants (NPPs) of Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), resulting in large amounts of radioactive materials being released into the environment. The major nuclides released were (131)I, (134)Cs and (137)Cs. The deposition of these radioactive materials on land resulted in a high ambient dose of radiation around the NPPs, especially within a 20-km radius...
September 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441397/an-environmental-scan-of-academic-emergency-medicine-at-the-17-canadian-medical-schools-why-does-this-matter-to-emergency-physicians
#16
Ian G Stiell, Jennifer D Artz, Eddy S Lang, Jonathan Sherbino, Laurie J Morrison, James Christenson, Jeffrey J Perry, Claude Topping, Robert Woods, Robert S Green, Rodrick Lim, Kirk Magee, John Foote, Garth Meckler, Mark Mensour, Simon Field, Brian Chung, Martin Kuuskne, James Ducharme, Vera Klein, Jill McEwen
OBJECTIVE: We sought to conduct a major objective of the CAEP Academic Section, an environmental scan of the academic emergency medicine programs across the 17 Canadian medical schools. METHODS: We developed an 84-question questionnaire, which was distributed to academic heads. The responses were validated by phone by the lead author to ensure that the questions were answered completely and consistently. Details of pediatric emergency medicine units were excluded from the scan...
July 21, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432367/teamwork-of-clinical-teachers-in-postgraduate-medical-training
#17
Irene Arida Slootweg
Teamwork among clinical teachers is essential for continuous improvement of postgraduate medical training. This thesis deconstructs teamwork in four studies, mostly based on qualitative research approaches and one study utilizes mixed methods. We found that clinical teachers do train residents, but individually rather than as a team. The programme directors as leaders focus more on teaching activities than on the collective ambition and mutual engagement of clinical teachers. During the teaching meetings, mistakes and conflicts are mainly discussed in a general sense and are often neither directed at the individual, nor result-oriented...
August 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413455/-teaching-tokens-to-enhance-residents-as-teachers-curriculum-pilot-intervention-to-improve-clinical-efficiency
#18
Maureen Longeway, Paul A Bergl, Julie M Kolinski, Seth A Bodden, Kory Koerner, Deborah Simpson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405937/burst-out-of-the-dead-land-by-the-help-of-spirituality-a-case-study-of-living-with-blindness-and-cancer
#19
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Mahlagha Dehghan, Seyyed Hamidreza Alavi, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Hadi Khoshab
Blindness is one of the most complex problems related to health throughout the world. The condition is worse when such stress is accompanied with cancer. The aim of this case study was to introduce a patient with both these conditions who could come over her problems well. A phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used to explore the experience of the patient. Data were collected through unstructured and deep interview and by checking patient medical records. The patient is an Iranian 58-year-old teacher residing in Kerman who became blind at age 32 due to bloodshed inside the eye and was affected by breast cancer at age 52...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398357/medical-student-career-choice-a-qualitative-study-of-fourth-year-medical-students-at-memorial-university-newfoundland
#20
Kiersten Pianosi, Cheri Bethune, Katrina F Hurley
BACKGROUND: Specialty career choice is a critical decision for medical students, and research has examined factors influencing particular specialties or assessed it from a demographic perspective. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe influential factors in students' decision-making, irrespective of their particular specialty in a Canadian medical school. METHODS: Study participants were recruited from fourth-year medical classes at the Memorial University of Newfoundland in 2003, 2006, 2007 and 2008...
April 2016: CMAJ Open
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