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Residents as teachers

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218936/a-national-cera-study-of-the-use-of-laborists-in-family-medicine-residency-training
#1
Robert A Baldor, Christine Chang Pecci, Gerardo Moreno, Virginia Van Duyne, Stacy E Potts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the impact of laborists (which we defined as "clinicians dedicated to providing L&D care services in the hospital environment for pregnant patients, regardless of who provided the prenatal care" for this survey) on family medicine residency training. We surveyed family medicine residency directors to assess characteristics about laborist services and their involvement in family medicine residency teaching. METHODS: Questions were included in the 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine residency directors...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212481/-workplace-bullying-during-specialty-training-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-mexico-a-little-noticed-phenomenon
#2
Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Alma Rebeca Mota-Nova, Germán Enrique Fajardo-Dolci, L Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying (WB) is a hostile or intimidating behavior that is practiced against workers and has a negative impact on health, job performance, and the learning process. The objective was to research WB magnitude and its associated factors in Mexico. METHODS: Mixed method study. A survey was designed and administered to all the residents in a pediatric hospital in Mexico who agreed to participate. The survey was divided in two sections: a) resident self-reported events of workplace bullying and associated factors, b) situations and factors of abuse were interrogated in a targeted manner...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188945/assessment-of-clinical-teachers-professionalism-in-iran-from-residents-and-fellowships-perspective
#3
Sima Garshasbi, Hamidollah Bahador, Nahid Fakhraei, Abolfazl Farbod, Maryam Mohammadi, Soleiman Ahmady, Seyed Hassan Emami Razavi
In the present study, professional conduct of clinical teachers in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran was assessed by their residents (n=292) and fellowships (n=48) using a standard questioner called self-reported measurement equipment. This evaluation was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Professionalism was questioned in four domains including clinical teacher-patient, clinical teacher-student, inter-professional and clinical teacher-self relationships. Accordingly, mean scores of the teachers in cases of clinical teacher-patient; clinical teacher-student, inter-professional (teamwork) and clinical teacher-self relations were 61%, 62...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124018/effectiveness-of-resident-as-teacher-curriculum-in-preparing-emergency-medicine-residents-for-their-teaching-role
#4
Hooman Hosein Nejad, Mehdi Bagherabadi, Alireza Sistani, Helen Dargahi
INTRODUCTION: Over the past 30 years, recognizing the need and importance of training residents in teaching skills has resulted in several resident-as-teacher programs. The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of this teaching initiative and investigate the improvement in residents' teaching skills through evaluating their satisfaction and perceived effectiveness as well as assessing medical students' perception of the residents' teaching quality. METHODS: This research is a quasi-experimental study with pre- and post-tests, continuing from Dec 2010 to May 2011 in Imam Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104385/an-evidence-based-approach-to-surgical-teaching-in-ophthalmology
#5
Alice C Lorch, Carolyn E Kloek
An apprenticeship model has traditionally been used in procedural and surgical teaching. As the pressures of work hours and patient outcome monitoring increase, surgical teachers need a more flexible plan for teaching procedural skills. We attempt to delineate a program of preprocedural, intraprocedural, and postprocedural teaching that can be used in the field of ophthalmology to maximize a resident's skill acquisition in a constructive learning environment. We review the literature on surgical teaching from within ophthalmology as well as other surgical fields and combine this with teaching experience in an ophthalmic surgical training program to produce a collection of procedural teaching guidelines...
January 17, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086770/social-pediatrics-weaving-horizontal-and-vertical-threads-through-pediatric-residency
#6
Meta van den Heuvel, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Rebecca Levy, Adelle Atkinson, Elizabeth Ford-Jones, Michelle Shouldice
BACKGROUND: Social pediatrics teaches pediatric residents how to understand disease within their patients' social, environmental and political contexts. It's an essential component of pediatric residency training; however there is very little literature that addresses how such a broad-ranging topic can be taught effectively. The aim of this study was to determine and characterize social pediatric education in our pediatric residency training in order to identify strengths and gaps. METHODS: A social pediatrics curriculum map was developed, attending to 3 different dimensions: (1) the intended curriculum as prescribed by the Objectives of Training for Pediatrics of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC), (2) the formal curriculum defined by rotation-specific learning objectives, and (3) the informal/hidden curriculum as reflected in resident and teacher experiences and perceptions...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073765/tracing-a-path-to-the-past-exploring-the-use-of-commercial-credit-reporting-data-to-construct-residential-histories-for-epidemiologic-studies-of-environmental-exposures
#7
Susan Hurley, Andrew Hertz, David O Nelson, Michael Layefsky, Julie Von Behren, Leslie Bernstein, Dennis Deapen, Peggy Reynolds
Large-scale environmental epidemiologic studies often rely on exposure estimates based on linkage to residential addresses. This approach, however, is limited by the lack of residential histories typically available for study participants. Our objective was to evaluate the feasibility of using address data from LexisNexis (a division of RELX, Inc., Dayton, Ohio), a commercially available credit reporting company, to construct residential histories for participants in the California Teachers Study (CTS), a prospective cohort study initiated in 1995-1996 to study breast cancer (n = 133,479)...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055268/perceptions-about-interpersonal-relationships-and-school-environment-among-middle-school-students-with-asthma
#8
Hyekyun Rhee, Brenda McQuillan, Ding-Geng Chen, Shannska Atis
OBJECTIVES: To examine interpersonal relationships involving peers and teachers and perceptions about school environment among middle school students with asthma in comparison to their healthy counterparts. The study also assesses asthma prevalence in a large sample of middle school students representing different geographic locations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from 1059 middle school students in grades 6-8 enrolled in schools in a northeastern region of the U...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048456/su-a-bra-04-incorporating-active-learning-into-medical-physics-education
#9
J Burmeister
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047802/su-a-bra-05-panel-discussion
#10
V Montemayor
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047689/su-a-bra-01-introduction
#11
V Montemayor
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047040/su-a-bra-02-making-the-most-of-a-one-hour-lecture-with-alternative-teaching-methodologies-implementing-project-based-and-flipped-learning
#12
R Howell
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046413/su-a-bra-00-education-council-symposium-revitalizing-your-medical-physics-classroom-some-examples-and-thoughts-from-the-trenches
#13
Victor Montemayor
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046385/su-a-bra-03-creative-stimulation-a-flexible-hands-on-approach-to-building-a-deeper-understanding-of-critical-concepts-in-radiation-physics
#14
S Naqvi
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030417/a-resident-as-teacher-curriculum-using-a-flipped-classroom-approach-can-a-model-designed-for-efficiency-also-be-effective
#15
Binny D Chokshi, Heidi K Schumacher, Kristen Reese, Priti Bhansali, Jeremy R Kern, Samuel J Simmens, Benjamin Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
PROBLEM: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires training that enhances resident teaching skills. Despite this requirement, many residency training programs struggle to implement effective resident-as-teacher (RAT) curricula, particularly within the context of the 80-hour resident workweek. APPROACH: In 2013, the authors developed and evaluated an intensive one-day RAT curriculum using a flipped classroom approach. Twenty-nine second-year residents participated in daylong RAT sessions...
December 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024461/clinical-coaching-evolving-the-apprenticeship-model-for-modern-housestaff
#16
Deepa Rangachari, Lorrel E Brown, David E Kern, Michael T Melia
Feedback is one of the core components of teaching in the clinical setting. Traditionally, this activity has emphasized observations made by senior physicians and delivered to medical trainees. However, the optimal approach to feedback remains uncertain, and the literature abounds with trainee-perceived inadequacies in feedback content, quality, and impact. Moreover, given the multiplicity of demands on trainees and their physician mentors, we propose that medical trainees themselves-specifically, medical residents-are poised to serve as unique adjunct effectors of feedback...
December 26, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916813/factors-that-affect-suicide-attempts-of-adolescents-in-multicultural-families-in-korea
#17
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee
We examined the factors that affect suicide attempts adolescents multicultural families in South Korea. The participants were 727 adolescents whose mothers and/or fathers were born outside of South Korea (376 males and 351 females). Among them, 41 (weighted prevalence 6.2%) had attempted suicide during the last 12 months. Female gender, residence in large cities (compared with in rural areas), living with relatives/alone/with friends/in a dormitory or living in a facility (compared with living with family), high and low socio-economic status (compared with a middle level), high and low academic performance (compared with a middle level), severe perceived stress (compared with non-severe stress), conflicts with a teacher (compared with conflicts with parent), and foreign-father/-parent families (compared with foreign-mother family) were associated with increased odds of suicide attempt...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871560/anesthesiology-residents-perception-of-educational-environment-comparison-between-different-years-of-training
#18
Efrain Riveros-Perez, Ricardo Riveros, Nicole M Zimmerman, Alparsian Turan
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess whether the year of residency in anesthesiology is associated with residents' overall perceptions of the learning environment and to evaluate the association between year of residency and each of the five domains of the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) survey. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Residency program of anesthesiology at the Cleveland Clinic. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTION: Residents of anesthesiology at the Cleveland Clinic were invited to complete the DREEM questionnaire and a demographic survey...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832752/more-primary-care-patients-regret-health-decisions-if-they-experienced-decisional-conflict-in-the-consultation-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-multicenter-descriptive-study
#19
Maria-Margarita Becerra-Perez, Matthew Menear, Stephane Turcotte, Michel Labrecque, France Légaré
BACKGROUND: We sought to estimate the extent of decision regret among primary care patients and identify risk factors associated with regret. METHODS: Secondary analysis of an observational descriptive study conducted in two Canadian provinces. Unique patient-physician dyads were recruited from 17 primary care clinics and data on patient, physician and consultation characteristics were collected before, during and immediately after consultations, as well as two weeks post-consultation, when patients completed the Decision Regret Scale (DRS)...
November 10, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793143/urban-rural-and-geographic-differences-in-overweight-and-obesity-in-four-sub-saharan-african-adult-populations-a-multi-country-cross-sectional-study
#20
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Clement Adebamowo, Hans-Olov Adami, Shona Dalal, Megan B Diamond, Francis Bajunirwe, David Guwatudde, Marina Njelekela, Joan Nankya-Mutyoba, Faraja S Chiwanga, Jimmy Volmink, Robert Kalyesubula, Carien Laurence, Todd G Reid, Douglas Dockery, David Hemenway, Donna Spiegelman, Michelle D Holmes
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are on the rise in developing countries including sub-Saharan Africa. We undertook a four-country survey to show the collective burden of these health conditions as they occur currently in sub-Saharan Africa and to determine the differences between urban and rural populations and other socio-economic factors. METHODS: Participants were nurses in two hospitals in Nigeria (200), school teachers in South Africa (489) and Tanzania (229), and village residents in one peri-urban (297) and one rural location in Uganda (200) who completed a standardised questionnaire...
October 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
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