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Wenling Su, Yan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of bacteria in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis, and to compare the bacteriologic features in middle meatus specimens between patients with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and patients without nasal polyps (CRSsNP). 
 METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the positive rate and types of bacterial culture in middle meatus specimens from 40 controls, 65 patients with CRSwNP, and 72 patients of CRSsNP. The specimens from the middle meatus were obtained during endoscopic sinus surgery...
November 2015: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Xin Wang, Wenjun Ji, Yuan Xu, Huamin Guo, Chunyuan Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of the innate immune factors TLR2 and TLR4 in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) by detecting their expression in different clinical types of CRS and the normal control group. METHOD: Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of TLR2 and TLR4 respectively in 21 cases (chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps, CRSwNP) group, 15 cases (chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyos, CRSsNP) group, 11 cases recurrent CRSwNP group and 13 cases control group...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Chuen-Jinn Tsai, Hsi-Chen Lin, Tung-Sheng Shih, Kai-Chung Chang, I-Fu Hung, C G Deshpande
The standard sampling methods for toluene diisocyanate (TDI) only collect total TDI without separating the aerosol and gas phases. There are few other samplers, such as the dual filter, triple filter and annular denuder systems (ADS), which are able to sample the aerosol and gas phases simultaneously. This field study was conducted at two workplaces to access the total 2,4-TDI and the gaseous and aerosol TDI concentrations by different samplers simultaneously. In addition to the standard sampling time of 15 min, sampling was done for 30 and 60 min to study the effect of sampling time on the measured 2,4-TDI concentrations...
October 11, 2006: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Paul M Harrison, Nicholas Carriero, Yang Liu, Mark Gerstein
Prokaryote gene annotation is complicated by large numbers of short open reading frames (ORFs) that arise naturally from genetic code design. Historically, many hypothetical ORFs have been annotated as genes in microbes, usually with an arbitrary length threshold (e.g. greater than 100 codons). Given the use of such thresholds, what is the extent of genuine undiscovered short genes in the current sampling of prokaryote genomes? To assess rigorously the potential under-annotation of short ORFs with homology, we exhaustively compared the polyORFome--all possible ORFs in 64 prokaryotes (53 bacteria and 11 archaea) plus budding yeast--to itself and to all known proteins...
November 7, 2003: Journal of Molecular Biology
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