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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729799/evaluation-of-knowledge-among-general-dentists-in-treatment-of-traumatic-injuries-in-primary-teeth-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#1
Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge of General dentist regarding the management of dental traumatic injuries of primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 general dentists were selected and a validated questionnaire was distributed among the dentist to assess their knowledge on treatment strategies regarding traumatized primary teeth. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were entered into SPSS version 20...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721996/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-screw-injury-retrospective-study
#2
Preetha Balaji, S M Balaji
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a standard surgical procedure in jaw trauma and in orthognathic surgery. Insertion of screws is a significant risk for accidental tooth root injury with varying outcomes. Contrary evidences are found in literature due to a variety of study designs. This study was undertaken to address the lacunae and possibly estimate the difference in occurrence of tooth damage during or after ORIF between trauma and planned osteotomies...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717633/cementum-and-dentin-repair-following-root-damage-caused-by-the-insertion-of-self-tapping-and-self-drilling-miniscrews
#3
Majid Ghanbarzadeh, Farzin Heravi, Reihaneh Abrishamchi, Hooman Shafaee, Narges Ghazi, Parya Heravi, Hamid Ghanbarzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological responses of cementum, root dentin, and pulp following intentional root injuries caused via self-tapping and self-drilling miniscrews. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients (with a mean age of 15.7 years and age range of 14-18 years) who were scheduled for the extraction of all four first premolars as part of their orthodontic treatment plan participated in this study. The roots of the right and the left quadrants' first premolars were designedly injured using self-tapping miniscrews and self-drilling miniscrews, respectively...
July 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706615/novel-effects-of-traditional-wooden-toothbrush-on-bowel-motility-symptoms-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-findings-from-a-pilot-quasi-experimental-study
#4
Ebrahim Esfandiari, Awat Feizi, Zahra Heidari, Seyed Reza Tabibian, Pooria Shaabani, Bijan Iraj, Payman Adibi, Amrollah Ebrahimi Varzaneh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of traditional wooden toothbrush usage on most severe constipation, which usually occurs in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, 61 SCI patients were selected who had injuries in different spinal levels (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar), and severe constipation from one defection in a few days to 3 weeks. They were recommended to use traditional wooden toothbrush for 5 min twice a day, after breakfast and dinner, over a 6 weeks period...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691752/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-improves-healing-response-of-periodontal-tissue-to-injury-in-mice
#5
I Vidovic Zdrilic, I O de Azevedo Queiroz, B G Matthews, J E Gomes-Filho, M Mina, I Kalajzic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a biomaterial used in endodontic procedures as it exerts beneficial effects on regenerative processes. In this study, we evaluate the effect of MTA on healing of periodontal ligament (PDL) and surrounding tissue, following injury, in a transgenic mouse model and on the differentiation of murine mesenchymal progenitor cells in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used an inducible Cre-loxP in vivo fate mapping approach to examine the effects of MTA on the contributions of descendants of cells expressing the αSMA-CreERT2 transgene (SMA9(+) ) to the PDL and alveolar bone after experimental injury to the root furcation on the maxillary first molars...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688869/ankylosis-of-temporomandibular-joints-after-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-in-patients-with-nager-syndrome-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Cheng Chun Wu, Daisuke Sakahara, Keisuke Imai
Nager syndrome, also known as Nager acrofacial dysostosis, was first described by Nager and de Reynier in 1948. The patients commonly present with micrognathia, and a preventive tracheostomy is necessary when there are symptoms of upper airway obstruction. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is considered as an effective procedure, which not only improves micrognathia but also minimizes the chances of tracheostomy. However, mandibular distraction osteogenesis has some complications such as relapse, teeth injury, infection, and injury of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685976/mandibular-division-trigeminal-nerve-injuries-following-primary-endodontic-treatment-a-case-series
#7
Maria Devine, Omesh Modgill, Tara Renton
The aim of this study is to report a series of patients with mandibular division trigeminal nerve (V3 ) injuries secondary to endodontic treatment, evaluate presentation characteristics and identify prevention strategies. This article describes a retrospective review of patients referred to a tertiary clinic 2007-2015 with V3 injury following endodontic treatment. The sample included 12 male and 16 female patients with a mean age of 41.5 years. Sixteen cases presented following endodontic treatment of the first and second molar, premolar teeth in eight cases and canine in two cases...
July 7, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677222/riga-fede-disease-in-the-upper-jaw-in-an-infant
#8
Şule Çavuş, Bilal Özmen
Riga-Fede disease is a benign and uncommon mucosal disorder. This illness is an ulceration of the oral mucosa and arises from repetitive traumatic injuries. The disease is usually caused by the sharp edges of new erupted teeth. The aim of the present case report is to present Riga-Fede disease and its treatment. We reported a 11-month-old healthy female infant diagnosed as Riga-Fede disease based on clinical features. After the conservative treatment that focused on eliminating the source of trauma, total healing was observed...
July 4, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675004/-confusion-and-solution-for-vital-pulp-therapy
#9
Huang Dingming, Lu Qian, Liao Qian, Ye Ling, Zhou Xuedong
Dental pulp tissue plays a role in forming dentin, providing nutrition, conducting pain, and generating protective responses to environmental stimuli. Bacterial infection is the main cause of pulp disease, where histopathological changes are the histological basis for determining the choice of treatment and the evaluation of therapeutic effect. Thus, particular attention should be given to eliminate infection, as well as preserve and maintain pulpal health in teeth that show reversible or limited pulpal injuries...
June 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671175/a-rare-cause-of-ventilatory-failure-in-a-patient-with-post-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage
#10
Balamugesh Thangakunam, Shakti Kumar Bal, Ajay V Venkatapathy, Aparna Irodi, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
High minute ventilation is required to lower intracranial pressures in patients with intracranial bleed. Respiratory acidemia consequent to ventilatory difficulty is dangerous in such patients as it further raises intracranial tension. We describe such a case. A 24-year-old man had to be intubated and mechanically ventilated after he met with a road traffic accident and sustained extensive maxillofacial injuries and intracranial bleed. A tooth was accidentally aspirated in this injury and progressively resulted in left lower lobe collapse, pneumomediastinum, and consequent difficult ventilation...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658901/the-status-of-knowledge-related-to-the-emergency-management-of-avulsed-tooth-amongst-the-medical-practitioners-of-nagpur-central-india
#11
Suryakant Kumar, Arunkumar B Sajjanar, Milind Athulkar, Jayashree Sajjanar, Akhilesh Shewale, Milind Wasnik, Pali Dhongde, Ankita Moon
INTRODUCTION: Tooth avulsion is a frequently reported traumatic injury amongst young children and whenever it occurs, the parents or teachers of those children often seek the help of Medical Practitioners to provide the first line of treatment. Therefore, the general physician's knowledge regarding the same is an important issue to be taken into consideration. AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of general medical practitioners of Nagpur city of Central India regarding emergency management of avulsed tooth and highlight the importance of avulsed tooth education in schools and medical colleges in order to increase the knowledge of the same among teachers, parents and general physicians...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656723/stem-cell-therapy-for-reconstruction-of-alveolar-cleft-and-trauma-defects-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Mona N Bajestan, Archana Rajan, Sean P Edwards, Sharon Aronovich, Lucia H S Cevidanes, Angeliki Polymeri, Suncica Travan, Darnell Kaigler
BACKGROUND: Stem cell therapy with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells is a promising tissue engineering strategy to promote regeneration of craniofacial bone. PURPOSE: To determine whether cell therapy with ex vivo expanded stem cell populations would be safe and efficacious in the regeneration of large alveolar defects in patients with a history of cleft palate or craniofacial trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients (10 patients with traumatic injury and 8 patients with cleft palate) presenting with missing teeth associated with horizontal alveolar bone deficiencies were included in this randomized controlled clinical trial...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653417/oral-problems-and-quality-of-life-of-preschool-children-self-reports-of-children-and-perception-of-parents-caregivers
#13
Matheus F Perazzo, Monalisa C Gomes, Érick T Neves, Carolina C Martins, Saul M Paiva, Edja M M de B Costa, Ana F Granville-Garcia
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between oral health problems and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children according to both self-reports and the reports of parents/caregivers. A school-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 769 preschool children and their parents/caregivers. The OHRQoL was evaluated using the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for Five-Year-Old Children (SOHO-5). Based on logistic regression for complex samples, the following variables were found to be associated with poorer OHRQoL in the parent/caregiver version: toothache (OR = 6...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651768/elevation-of-a-full-thickness-mucoperiosteal-flap-alone-accelerates-orthodontic-tooth-movement
#14
Kelly M Owen, Phillip M Campbell, Jian Q Feng, Paul C Dechow, Peter H Buschang
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to determine whether the elevation of a full-thickness mucoperiosteal flap alone, without cortical cuts, decreases the amount of bone around teeth and accelerates mesial tooth movements. METHODS: The mandibular second premolars of 7 beagle dogs were extracted, and on a randomly selected side, a full-thickness mucoperiosteal buccal flap extending from the distal aspect of the third premolar to the mesial aspect of the first premolar was elevated...
July 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650786/alveolar-fracture-caused-by-tooth-extraction-at-home
#15
Fabrício Kitazono de Carvalho, Thaís Aparecida Xavier, Nicole Gonçalves Lima, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, Marcilene Coelho Vinhorte, Paulo Nelson-Filho
Injuries to the teeth and surrounding structures are relatively common. Although traumatic injuries caused by falls or activities related to sports are widely discussed, the same cannot be said regarding accidents arising from non-professional extraction of primary teeth. The present study reports a 6-year-old male child who underwent mandibular alveolar bone fracture during non-professional extraction of his central lower left incisor at home, performed by his 30-year-old aunt. The root of the tooth was with an irregular physiological resorption, which acted as a lever component for the mechanical force applied, leading to bone fracture...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627032/tooth-autotransplantation-as-a-pillar-for-3d-regeneration-of-the-alveolar-process-after-severe-traumatic-injury-a-case-report
#16
Eduardo Anitua, Maialen Mendinueva-Urkia, Sandra Galan-Bringas, Alia Murias-Freijo, Mohammad Hamdan Alkhraisat
In dental traumatology, the loss of teeth and the supporting alveolar bone in children compromise the proper development of maxillofacial structures and also limit the solutions that can be offered. In this case report, multidisciplinary management is described of a child with a significant loss of alveolar bone and associated teeth due to a traffic accident at 8 years of age. The management involved staged teeth autotransplantation into surgically prepared sites with bone expanders, orthodontic treatment and dental implants...
June 18, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604375/retained-upper-third-molars-during-le-fort-i-osteotomy-with-downfracture
#17
Marco Friscia, Marzia Petrocelli, Carolina Sbordone, Raffaele Corvino, Fabio Maglitto, Francesco Maria Cassandro, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
AIM: The aim of our study is to demonstrate that the presence of upper wisdom teeth must be evaluated before and during Le Fort I osteotomy because attention must be focused to the disadvantages or facilitations of surgery depending on molar presence. MATERIALS OF STUDY: Our study has analyzed two groups, each one including 20 patients, 10 males and 10 females, with an age between 16-30 years. The first group was treated with le Fort I osteotomy leaving in situ the wisdom upper third molars...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591339/oral-motor-and-electromyographic-characterization-of-adults-with-facial-fractures-a-comparison-between-different-fracture-severities
#18
Amanda Pagliotto da Silva, Fernanda Chiarion Sassi, Endrigo Bastos, Nivaldo Alonso, Claudia Regina Furquim de Andrade
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the oral motor system of adults with facial injuries and to compare the oral motor performance/function between two different groups. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 38 patients presenting with facial trauma who were assigned to the Division of Orofacial Myology of a Brazilian School Hospital. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 (G1) consisted of 19 patients who were submitted to open reduction of at least one facial fracture, and Group 2 (G2) consisted of 19 individuals who were submitted to closed fracture reduction with maxillomandibular fixation...
May 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579157/compound-mechanism-of-fatal-neck-injury-a-case-report-of-a-tiger-attack-in-a-zoo
#19
Łukasz Szleszkowski, Agata Thannhäuser, Tomasz Jurek
Fatal injuries caused by attacks by large wild cats are extremely rare in forensic medical practice in Europe. There are very few cases described in the forensic medical literature concerning incidents in zoos similar to the tiger attack on a 58-year-old male zoo employee that we present here. While preparing a runway for tigers, the man was attacked by a male Sumatran tiger. Another zoo employee was an eyewitness to the accident; in his testimony he described the sequence of events in detail. The autopsy showed the injuries typical of a tiger attack: traces of claws and canine teeth indicating that the victim of the attack was knocked down from behind, along with deep and extensive fatal wounds to the neck...
May 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578893/long-term-success-of-nonvital-immature-permanent-incisors-treated-with-a-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-plug-and-adhesive-restorations-a-case-series-from-a-private-endodontic-practice
#20
Marga H Ree, Richard S Schwartz
This case series evaluated the long-term clinical outcome of nonvital immature teeth treated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as an apical barrier and an adhesive restoration with or without a fiber post. Eighty-three teeth in 72 patients were treated by the first author with an apical MTA plug and an adhesive restoration of composite resin and in 45 of the 83 teeth 1 or more fiber posts. All of the patients had been referred to the first author's private endodontic practice with at least 1 immature tooth with signs of pulpal necrosis and subsequent apical periodontitis that had been caused by a variety of traumatic dental injuries...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
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