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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215170/synthetic-light-curable-polymeric-materials-provide-a-supportive-niche-for-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#1
Kyle H Vining, Jacob C Scherba, Alaina M Bever, Morgan R Alexander, Adam D Celiz, David J Mooney
Dental disease annually affects billions of patients, and while regenerative dentistry aims to heal dental tissue after injury, existing polymeric restorative materials, or fillings, do not directly participate in the healing process in a bioinstructive manner. There is a need for restorative materials that can support native functions of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), which are capable of regenerating dentin. A polymer microarray formed from commercially available monomers to rapidly identify materials that support DPSC adhesion is used...
December 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192629/prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-associated-factors-among-8-to-12-years-old-schoolchildren-in-diyarbakir-turkey
#2
E C Tumen, I Yavuz, S Kaya, E Uysal, D S Tümen, Y Ay, G Başaran, Ö Adıgüzel, Y Değer, N Laçin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of traumatic injuries of the permanent incisors in public primary schoolchildren from 8 to 12 years old in South-Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Additionally, the relationship between traumatic dental injuries, parents' education level, family income, size of incisal overjet and the presence of anterior open bite were examined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected through oral examinations and structured interviews, and included socio-economic indicators...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179384/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-3-injuries-in-the-primary-dentition
#3
Barbro Malmgren, Jens O Andreasen, Marie Therese Flores, Agneta Robertson, Anthony J DiAngelis, Lars Andersson, Giacomo Cavalleri, Nestor Cohenca, Peter Day, Morris Lamar Hicks, Olle Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Juan Onetto, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Traumatic injuries to the primary dentition present special problems and the management is often different as compared with the permanent dentition. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialities were included in the task group. In cases where the data did not appear conclusive, recommendations were based on the consensus opinion or majority decision of the task group...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179383/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-2-avulsion-of-permanent-teeth
#4
Lars Andersson, Jens O Andreasen, Peter Day, Geoffrey Heithersay, Martin Trope, Anthony J DiAngelis, David J Kenny, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Cecilia Bourguignon, Marie Therese Flores, Morris Lamar Hicks, Antonio R Lenzi, Barbro Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Avulsion of permanent teeth is one of the most serious dental injuries, and a prompt and correct emergency management is very important for the prognosis. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions. Experienced researchers and clinicians from various specialties were included in the task group. The guidelines represent the current best evidence and practice based on literature research and professionals' opinion...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179382/guidelines-for-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-1-fractures-and-luxations-of-permanent-teeth
#5
Anthony J Diangelis, Jens O Andreasen, Kurt A Ebeleseder, David J Kenny, Martin Trope, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Lars Andersson, Cecilia Bourguignon, Marie Therese Flores, Morris Lamar Hicks, Antonio R Lenzi, Barbro Malmgren, Alex J Moule, Yango Pohl, Mitsuhiro Tsukiboshi
Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) of permanent teeth occur frequently in children and young adults. Crown fractures and luxations are the most commonly occurring of all dental injuries. Proper diagnosis, treatment planning and followup are important for improving a favorable outcome. Guidelines should assist dentists and patients in decision making and for providing the best care effectively and efficiently. The International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT) has developed a consensus statement after a review of the dental literature and group discussions...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172329/treatment-planning-for-mandibular-third-molars
#6
James Barraclough, Andrew Power, Amit Pattni
NICE guidance for mandibular third molars has been available since 2000. This was set up to limit the surgical treatment of these teeth to symptomatic patients. There are numerous risks involved with surgical treatment of mandibular third molars and these should be explained in detail to the patient. Common and serious complications of mandibular third molar surgery are damage to the inferior alveolar and lingual nerve. Predicting the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury is useful for treatment planning. The orthopantomogram (OPT) is the baseline special test for assessing this and numerous signs on an OPT can predict an increased risk of injury to the nerve...
March 2017: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171914/risk-of-inferior-alveolar-nerve-injury-with-coronectomy-versus-surgical-extraction-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-comparison-of-two-techniques-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Awais S Ali, Jon A Benton, Julian M Yates
BACKGROUND: The removal of mandibular third molar teeth is one of the most common oral surgical procedures. In a significant number of patients it carries a degree of associated morbidity, including damage to the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). For this reason, practitioners desire the most up-to-date guidance on the most appropriate technique, informed by the best available evidence that will produce the lowest incidence of iatrogenic complications. OBJECTIVE: Perform a systematic review comparing the effect of coronectomy versus complete surgical extraction of mandibular third molar teeth on the risk of IAN injury and other complications in adults...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155530/dental-trauma-2-acute-management-of-fracture-injuries
#8
Serpil Djemal, Parmjit Singh, Nectaria Polycarpou, Rachel Tomson, Martin Kelleher
Fortunately, traumatic dental injuries are a relatively uncommon occurrence in general dental practice. However, when they do present, timely diagnosis and treatment of such injuries is essential to maximize the chance of a successful outcome. This is the second part of a two-part series on traumatic dental injuries that are commonly encountered in the clinical setting. Part one covered the management of acute luxation/displacement injuries affecting the supporting structures of the tooth, while part two will cover the management of fracture injuries associated with teeth and the alveolar bone...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142862/three-dimensional-printing-for-craniomaxillofacial-regeneration
#9
REVIEW
Laura Gaviria, Joseph J Pearson, Sergio A Montelongo, Teja Guda, Joo L Ong
Craniomaxillofacial injuries produce complex wound environments involving various tissue types and treatment strategies. In a clinical setting, care is taken to properly irrigate and stabilize the injury, while grafts are molded in an attempt to maintain physiological functionality and cosmesis. This often requires multiple surgeries and grafts leading to added discomfort, pain and financial burden. Many of these injuries can lead to disfigurement and resultant loss of system function including mastication, respiration, and articulation, and these can lead to acute and long-term psychological impact on the patient...
October 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136360/investigating-socioeconomic-position-in-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injury-among-children-in-quebec
#10
P Da Rosa, Marie-Claude Rousseau, A Edasseri, M Henderson, B Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) is inversely associated with most oral health outcomes, but the patterns of association may vary depending on the specific outcome. We estimated associations between SEP and two oral health outcomes, dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI), in Quebec children. METHODS: We used data from the baseline visit of the QUALITY (QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) Cohort, an ongoing study in Montreal and Quebec, Canada...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135272/-protecting-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-coronectomy-of-lower-third-molars-review
#11
József Szalma, Edina Lempel
Coronectomy of lower impacted wisdom teeth is the partial removal of third molars, aiming to avoid inferior alveolar nerve injuries. The coronectomy procedure has several crucial points, such as the pulpal, periapical preoperative conditions of the tooth, the way of crown sectioning and decoronation, the wound closure and the length of patients' follow up. In addition it is important to identify and manage possible intraoperative or postoperative complications correctly. According to the literature, the complication rate of coronectomy is usually lower, than that of total teeth removal, furthermore considering inferior alveolar nerve injuries, coronectomy is significantly the safer procedure...
November 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127605/er-yag-laser-piezosurgery-and-surgical-drill-for-bone-decortication-during-orthodontic-mini-implant-insertion-primary-stability-analysis-an-animal-study
#12
Jacek Matys, Rafał Flieger, Gianluca Tenore, Kinga Grzech-Leśniak, Umberto Romeo, Marzena Dominiak
It is important to identify factors that affect primary stability of orthodontic mini-implants because it determines the success of treatment. We assessed mini-implant primary stability (initial mechanical engagement with the bone) placed in pig jaws. We also assessed mini-implant insertion failure rate (mini-implant fracture, mini-implants to root contact). A total of 80 taper-shaped mini-implants (Absoanchor® Model SH1312-6; Dentos Inc., Daegu, Korea) 6 mm long with a diameter of 1.1 mm were used. Bone decortication was made before mini-implant insertion by means of three different methods: Group G1: Er:YAG laser (LiteTouch®, Light Instruments, Yokneam, Israel) at energy of 300 mJ, frequency 25 Hz, fluence 38...
November 10, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125931/outcome-analysis-and-unexpected-scenario-prediction-in-2-stage-orthodontic-lower-third-molar-extraction
#13
Tze-Ta Huang, Chen-Jung Chang, Ken-Chung Chen, Jen-Bang Lo, Meng-Yen Chen, Jehn-Shyun Huang
PURPOSE: We propose a 2-stage orthodontic lower third molar extraction procedure to reduce iatrogenic inferior alveolar nerve injury. We tested our hypothesis that there are factors that can predict both dislodgement of the root portion and limited traction distances. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (mean age, 25.7 years; age range, 17 to 65 years) with 20 lower third molars were enrolled. Panoramic films and cone beam computed tomography were analyzed...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115945/mechanical-strain-to-maxillary-incisors-during-direct-laryngoscopy
#14
Milo Engoren, Lauryn R Rochlen, Matthew V Diehl, Sarah S Sherman, Elizabeth Jewell, Mary Golinski, Paul Begeman, John M Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND: While most Direct laryngoscopy leads to dental injury in 25-39% of cases. Dental injury occurs when the forces and impacts applied to the teeth exceed the ability of the structures to dissipate energy and stress. The purpose of this study was to measure strain, (which is the change produced in the length of the tooth by a force applied to the tooth) strain rate, and strain-time integral to the maxillary incisors and determine if they varied by experience, type of blade, or use of an alcohol protective pad (APP)...
November 7, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109838/treatment-outcomes-for-isolated-maxillary-complex-fractures-with-maxillomandibular-screws
#15
Rahul Gorka, Amish Jayantilal Gohil, Ashish Kumar Gupta, Santosh Koshy
Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is a basic and fundamental principle in the management of patients with fractures of the maxillomandibular complex. There are several shortcomings related to the conventionally recommended tooth-mounted devices that are used to achieve IMF. To circumvent these, the use of bone-borne screws has been advocated. We present a series of maxillary fractures treated with IMF screws. Over a 12-month period, 15 cases of maxillary fracture were managed with open reduction and bone plate fixation...
December 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089549/mesiolingual-root-rotation-for-horizontal-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-position-classification-and-surgical-simulation
#16
Zhou-Xi Ye, Chi Yang
Extracting horizontal mandibular 3rd molars face considerable difficulty due to the large bone and adjacent tooth resistances. This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of a novel method-mesiolingual root rotation to extract wisdom teeth of this type. In this study, 73 horizontal teeth extracted using piezosurgery were reviewed and classified based on impaction depth: position I, II, III refers to the highest portion of the crown on a level with upper 1/3, middle 1/3, lower 1/3 of the 2rd molar's root...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076744/oral-assessment-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-rawalpindi-pakistan
#17
Fatima Suhaib, Asfia Saeed, Hashmat Gul, Muhammad Kaleem
Comparison of oral health status, dental needs and dietary habits of children with autism and their healthy siblings. In this cross-sectional study, oral hygiene measures, sugar consumption and dental examination of 58 Pakistani children with autism spectrum disorder were assessed and compared to 27 of their siblings without autism spectrum disorder. Questionnaires were distributed to their parents regarding oral hygiene measures, dietary habits and past dental experiences. Clinical examination for the presence of dental caries, periodontal disease or parafunctional habits was carried out and findings were associated with the mother's education...
October 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072426/traumatically-intruded-permanent-teeth-three-case-reports-and-a-review-of-current-recommendations
#18
Samah Omar, William F Freccia, Bonnie Retamozo, Leif K Bakland
Intrusion of permanent teeth is not extensively covered in the literature compared to other injuries. Treatment guidelines have been published and clinical data is accumulating to support the current recommendations, which are illustrated in the three cases here. This review evaluates the current information about management of traumatically intruded permanent teeth. As more data accumulates, uncertainties with respect to both treatment recommendations and long-term outcomes can be expected to be elucidated...
May 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062362/assessment-of-elementary-school-teachers-level-of-knowledge-and-attitude-regarding-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#19
Manal A Awad, Eman AlHammadi, Mariam Malalla, Zainab Maklai, Aisha Tariq, Badria Al-Ali, Alaa Al Jameel, Hisham El Batawi
INTRODUCTION: In this cross-sectional study, the level of knowledge and attitude of elementary school teachers regarding traumatic dental injuries (TDI) were assessed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 330 elementary school teachers in 30 randomly selected schools in the Emirates of Sharjah and Dubai. The questionnaire collected information on participants' demographic characteristics, first aid training, and attitude about emergency management of TDI...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043245/intentional-partial-odontectomy-a-long-term-follow-up-study
#20
Hyun-Suk Kim, Pil-Young Yun, Young-Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: The surgical extraction of the third molar is the most frequently encountered procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery and is related with a variety of complications. This study examined the efficacy of intentional partial odontectomy (IPO) in the third molars which have no periapical lesions and are located near important anatomical structures such as inferior alveolar nerve. METHODS: Seven patients (four males, three females, 39.1 ± 11.6 years), who received IPO to reduce the risk of inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI), were followed long-term...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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