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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683248/computer-guided-chin-harvest-a-novel-approach-for-autogenous-block-harvest-from-the-mandibular-symphesis
#1
Ahmed H Osman, Mohammed Atef
BACKGROUND: The introduction of CAD/CAM technology allowed clinicians to carry out complex procedures with a high level of precision and reproducibility and minimize the risk of injury during the procedure. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of the CAD/CAM surgical guide during chin harvesting procedures in reducing the risk of neurosensory damage and patient morbidity compared with the standard technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: About 20 cases of autogenous block chin harvest were randomly into two groups...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682256/identification-of-oral-risk-factors-for-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-in-haematological-patients-who-underwent-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
A Picardi, M Miranda, F Liciani, G Paterno, W Arcese, P Bollero
Objective: The aim of this prospective observational study was to identify local risk factors for the development of clinical manifestations of oral chronic Graft versus Host Disease (cGvHD) in a cohort of patients affected by haematological malignant diseases who underwent allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Materials and methods: In the context of an active collaboration between the Rome Transplant Network of the Hematology and the Oral Pathology Division at "Policlinico Tor Vergata", in Rome, 47 haematological patients were included in this trial based on a systematic dental screening and follow-up protocol...
October 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679496/detection-of-bone-marrow-derived-fibrocytes-in-human-dental-pulp-repair
#3
N Yoshiba, N Edanami, A Tohma, R Takeuchi, N Ohkura, A Hosoya, Y Noiri, H Nakamura, K Yoshiba
AIM: To explore the expression profile of CD45+/pro-collagen I+ fibrocytes in intact dental pulps as well as during wound healing in adult dental pulp tissue. METHODOLOGY: A total of 16 healthy permanent teeth were obtained from young patients (18 to 25 years) undergoing orthodontic treatment. Routine pulp capping with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) was performed under local anaesthesia to induce a mineralized barrier at the exposed surface. Teeth were extracted from patients after 7, 14, and 35 days...
April 21, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679231/did-malpractice-claims-for-failed-dental-implants-decrease-after-introduction-of-cbct-in-finland
#4
Magdalena Marinescu Gava, Anni Suomalainen, Tapio Vehmas, Irja Ventä
OBJECTIVES: To examine the role of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in preventing failures in implant treatment. We hypothesize that the number of malpractice claims related to dental implant treatment would decrease after the first CBCT device came available in 2002 in Finland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data concerning malpractice claims related to dental implant treatment during the years 1997-2011 were collected from the Finnish Patient Insurance Centre (N = 330 subjects)...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670714/the-evaluation-of-root-fracture-with-cone-beam-computed-tomography-cbct-an-epidemiological-study
#5
Mehmet-Sinan Doğan, Michele Callea, Lindawati S Kusdhany, Ahmet Aras, Diah-Ayu Maharani, Masita Mandasari, Melissa Adiatman, Izzet Yavuz
Background: The aim of this study was evaluation of the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) image of 50 patients at the ages of 8-15 suspecting root fracture and root fracture occurred, exposed to dental traumatic. In additionally, this study was showed effect of crown fracture on root fracture healing. Material and Methods: All of the individuals included in the study were obtained images with the cone-beam computed tomography range of 0,3 voxel and 8.9 seconds...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660511/comparative-adsorption-profiles-of-basal-lamina-proteome-and-gingival-cells-onto-dental-and-titanium-surfaces
#6
Mohamed-Nur Abdallah, Ghada Abughanam, Simon D Tran, Zeeshan Sheikh, Mohamed A Mezour, Tayebah Basiri, Yizhi Xiao, Marta Cerruti, Walter L Siqueira, Faleh Tamimi
Titanium (Ti) dental implants are susceptible to bacterial infections and failure due to lack of proper epithelial seal. Epithelial cells establish a strong epithelial seal around natural teeth by the deposition of basal lamina (BL) proteins that adsorb on the tooth surface. This seal can even be re-established onto cementum or dentin following injury or periodontal therapy. However, it is unclear how tooth surfaces promote this cell attachment and protein adsorption. Understanding the interactions between BL proteins and epithelial cells with dentin and Ti will facilitate the development of implant surfaces that promote the formation of an epithelial seal and improve the success of periodontal therapy and wound healing on natural teeth...
April 13, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581902/sectional-fixed-orthodontic-extrusion-technique-in-management-of-teeth-with-complicated-crown-root-fractures-report-of-two-cases
#7
S Nagarajan M P Sockalingam, Katherine Kong Loh Seu, Halimah Mohamed Noor, Ahmad Shuhud Irfani Zakaria
Complicated crown-root fractures account for a small percentage of traumatic dental injuries seen in children; however, management of these injuries can be very challenging to clinicians. Factors such as complexity of the injury, patient's age and dentition stage, patient's cooperation, and parental demands may have some bearing on the type of treatment undertaken and its outcomes. In some children, these injuries may have significant impact on their quality of life. The purpose of this article is to describe two cases of complicated crown-root fracture which were successfully managed through orthodontic extrusion using a sectional fixed orthodontic technique...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581900/autotransplantation-and-orthodontic-treatment-after-maxillary-central-incisor-region-trauma-a-13-year-follow-up-case-report-study
#8
Farzad Piroozmand, Hossein Hessari, Mohsen Shirazi, Pegah Khazaei
The anterior maxilla is the most prone region to the trauma during childhood, and tooth loss sometimes happens due to trauma. Replacing the missing teeth has always been one of the dentists' challenges in children and adolescents, since their dentofacial growth is not complete. Autotransplantation of mandibular premolars with two-thirds or three-quarters of root formation provides the best prognosis for the tooth survival. This case report describes the management of a 10-year-old boy suffering a severe dental injury who received the autotransplantation of the premolars from mandible to restore the space caused by trauma in maxillary central incisor region and a 13-year follow-up of the autotransplantation...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575874/influence-of-growth-hormone-therapy-on-selected-dental-and-skeletal-system-parameters
#9
Małgorzata Partyka, Renata Chałas, Izabella Dunin-Wilczyńska, Myroslava Drohomyretska, Maria Klatka
INTRODUCTION: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is one of the main indications for growth hormone therapy. One characteristic of this disease is bone age delay in relation to the chronological age. Pituitary dysfunction negatively affects the growth and development of the jaws and teeth of the child. The secretion of endocrine glands regulates growth, development, and gender differentiation. It also controls the growth of bones and teeth, regulates metabolism of calcium and phosphate, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569840/traumatic-dental-injuries-prevalence-and-severity-among-16-year-old-pupils-in-western-norway
#10
Magnus Bratteberg, Dorina S Thelen, Kristin S Klock, Asgeir Bårdsen
Published data on prevalence and severity of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) in Norway is limited. The aims of this study were to assess prevalence, distribution and severity of TDI in the permanent dentition of 16-year-old pupils in western Norway MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study, including historical clinical data, was conducted among 16- year-old high school pupils in the County of Hordaland, western Norway. First grade pupils attending high school, born in 1997, were invited to participate (n = 5184)...
March 23, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569685/importance-of-knowledge-of-the-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-emergency-departments
#11
Acar Aren, Arzu Pınar Erdem, Gamze Aren, Zeynep Deniz Şahin, Ceren Güney Tolgay, Merve Çayırcı, Elif Sepet, Recep Güloğlu, Hakan Yanar, Kaya Sarıbeyoğlu
BACKGROUND: Hospital emergency departments (EDs) are confronted with managing dental emergencies of both traumatic and non-traumatic origin. However, the literature suggests inadequate knowledge of the management of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) among medical professionals. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes regarding management of TDIs among Istanbul ED physicians. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to emergency departments (ED) directors and their physicians...
March 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564222/autotransplantation-a-biological-treatment-alternative-for-a-patient-after-traumatic-dental-injury
#12
Meenakshi Vishwanath, Nandakumar Janakiraman, Hamed Vaziri, Ravindra Nanda, Flavio Uribe
Traumatic dental injury is considered a public dental health problem because of a high childhood incidence, high treatment costs, and prolonged treatment time. Although management guidelines for traumatized teeth have been outlined, tooth loss following trauma is occasionally unavoidable. Here, we describe the successful interdisciplinary management of a traumatized central incisor in an 11-year old boy that was extracted because of a poor prognosis and restored by the autotransplantation of an immature donor tooth into the site...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548308/prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-among-mine-workers-of-zonguldak-kozlu-district-turkey-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Murat İnanç Cengiz, Büşra Zengin, Murat İçen, Firüzan Köktürk
BACKGROUND: Occupational injuries cause major health problems in all nations. Coal mining is one of the largest, oldest industries in the world. However, there is relatively little available literature concerning the health status of coal miners. The purpose of this work is to assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among coal miners and provide a basis for planning and evaluating the data from community oral health services. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted 106 men selected based on a stratified cluster sampling procedure...
March 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544755/maxillary-interdental-osteotomies-have-low-morbidity-for-alveolar-crestal-bone-and-adjacent-teeth-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-based-study
#14
Daniel B Rodrigues, Paulo S F Campos, Larry M Wolford, Jaqueline Ignácio, João R Gonçalves
PURPOSE: Maxillary segmentation involving interdental osteotomies can have an adverse effect on the interdental crestal bone and adjacent teeth. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of interdental osteotomies on surrounding osseous and dental structures, including adjacent teeth, using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), in patients who underwent segmental maxillary osteotomies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The present retrospective cohort study evaluated interdental osteotomy (IDO) sites between the lateral incisors and canines in patients treated with 3-piece Le Fort I osteotomies...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534125/microsaw-and-piezosurgery-in-harvesting-mandibular-bone-blocks-from-the-retromolar-region-a-randomized-split-mouth-prospective-clinical-trial
#15
Thomas Hanser, Romain Doliveux
PURPOSE: The aim of this randomized prospective split-mouth clinical trial was to evaluate the outcome of bone block harvesting from the retromolar region using the MicroSaw and Piezosurgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three patients for extensive bilateral bone grafting procedures with or without concomitant implant placement in the maxilla and/or mandible were scheduled. In each patient, bone blocks were harvested in the retromolar area within the external oblique ridge of the mandible...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509314/the-use-of-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-in-oral-injuries-of-a-pediatric-patient-with-myelodysplastic-syndrome-case-report
#16
Maria Cecília Freire de Melo, Thuanny Silva de Macedo, Julianelly Alves Biserra, Karina Luz Cavalcanti Rodrigues, Mônica Cruz, Aurora Karla de Lacerda Vidal
AIM: To report a case of a pediatric patient carrier of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with severe oral infectious disease, in which antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) was used as a therapeutic choice to support systemic treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS: This case report refers to a 1-year-old male patient with MDS and hospitalized for investigation and treatment of complications at a Pediatric Oncology and Hematology Center in Recife/PE, Brazil. The intraoral examination revealed a violaceous lesion surrounding the lower incisor teeth, which progressed with alteration of color to milky yellowish white, compromising the entire lower gingival border, leading to tooth mobility and consequent loss of teeth 71 and 81...
March 6, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495106/long-term-effects-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-of-primary-dentition-on-permanent-successors-a-retrospective-study-of-596-teeth
#17
Nitesh Tewari, Vijay Prakash Mathur, Neerja Singh, Subash Singh, Ramesh Kumar Pandey
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Traumatic dental injuries of primary-dentition (TDI-p) have a global prevalence of approximately 11-47%. They have immediate and long term effects. Original research analysing the long-term sequelae of TDI-p on permanent-dentition (LSP) are few in number. The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between age of TDI-p, type of TDI-p and LSP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patient-data from 2008-2017, reporting with LSP due to TDI-p was performed...
March 1, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468667/teachers-knowledge-concerning-dental-trauma-and-its-management-in-primary-schools-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#18
Salwa A Alsadhan, Najla F Alsayari, Mashael F Abuabat
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess knowledge concerning traumatic dental injuries and their management among primary schoolteachers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The secondary objective was to evaluate the effect of gender, nationality, marital status, school type, geographical area, age group, level of education and years of experience on teachers' knowledge. METHODOLOGY: Data were collected, through a self-administered questionnaire, from both male and female teachers employed in public and private primary schools in the five geographical areas of Riyadh City...
February 22, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463334/the-role-of-oral-health-in-complex-emergencies-and-disaster-rehabilitation-medicine
#19
Vishal R Aggarwal
This paper presents an overview of the importance of oral health in complex emergencies. It highlights the importance of maintaining general and oral health in the acute, intermediate and long-term phases of such events which are increasing in frequency. The importance of oral health as an early warning sign for systemic disease and deprivation is also explored along with the crucial role of oral health in maintaining quality of life through adequate nutrition and speech. The overview of oral health in these situations identifies the need for training dental personnel as members of rehabilitation teams that set out to manage these disasters...
February 21, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456904/felis-punctatis-cat-claw-induced-punctures
#20
Philip R Cohen, Douglas S Ramsay
Animal-induced conditions in humans predominantly present as infectious zoonoses. However, trauma-associated injuries from the teeth or claws can also occur. Several zoonotic infections can be transmitted by cats, a common household pet, to their owners. The clinical features of a woman who developed multiple sites of trauma-induced cutaneous punctures from her cat's paws while it was kneading on her clothes-covered abdomen are described. The repetitive insertion and withdrawal of the sharp tips of the cat's claws created distinctive groups of erythematous punctures on the patient's skin...
December 8, 2017: Curēus
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