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Teeth injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809376/inferior-alveolar-nerve-trajectory-mental-foramen-location-and-incidence-of-mental-nerve-anterior-loop
#1
M Velasco-Torres, M Padial-Molina, G Avila-Ortiz, R García-Delgado, A Catena, P Galindo-Moreno
OBJECTIVES: Injury of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) is a serious intraoperative complication that may occur during routine surgical procedures, such as dental implant placement or extraction of impacted teeth. Thus, the purpose of this study was to analyze the trajectory of the mandibular canal (MC), the location of the mental foramen (MF) and the presence and extension of an anterior loop of the mental nerve (AL). STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 348 CBCTs were analyzed...
August 15, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807049/oral-manifestations-dental-management-and-a-rare-homozygous-mutation-of-the-prdm12-gene-in-a-boy-with-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-viii-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Karim Elhennawy, Seif Reda, Christian Finke, Luitgard Graul-Neumann, Paul-Georg Jost-Brinkmann, Theodosia Bartzela
BACKGROUND: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type VIII is a rare autosomal recessive inherited disorder. Chen et al. recently identified the causative gene and characterized biallelic mutations in the PR domain-containing protein 12 gene, which plays a role in the development of pain-sensing nerve cells. Our patient's family was included in Chen and colleagues' study. We performed a literature review of the PubMed library (January 1985 to December 2016) on hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type I to VIII genetic disorders and their orofacial manifestations...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806115/-combined-treatment-of-avulsion-of-maxillary-central-incisors
#3
Katalin Vajda, Gergő Fekecs, Zsófia Muzsek
Avulsion of the permanent teeth is one of the most serious forms of traumatic dental injuries, which endangers the patients' quality of life. Therefore, the fast and proper treatment is crucial. In this case report we will discuss the supportive and definitive functional treatment and correct rehabilitation. The traumatic force can cause complex oral and maxillofacial injuries, which comprehensive treatment constitutes a major challenge for the dentist. Here we review functional restoration of dental injuries and their definitive aesthetic solution...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764282/nature-s-benefaction-as-a-life-saver-for-an-avulsed-tooth-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Saumya Navit, Niharika Shahi, Suleman Abbas Khan, Anshul Sharma, Vartika Singh, Ratna Priya Mishra, Pragati Navit, Prerna Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Dentoalveolar trauma is a very common and avulsion is the most frequent injury. Treatment of choice following avulsion is immediate reimplantation. However, in cases where this might not be possible the prognosis of reimplanted teeth can be improved by the selection of an appropriate storage media. Prevention of ankylosis and replacement resorption depends more on the potential of storage media to maintain cell viability rather than the extraalveolar time period. AIM: To compare and evaluate the efficacy of different storage media in maintaining the viability of Periodontal Ligament (PDL) cells in an avulsed tooth...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762346/prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-visually-impaired-children-attending-special-schools-of-chhattisgarh
#5
Harsha Munot, Alok Avinash, Nilotpol Kashyap, Rashmi Baranwal, Brij Kumar, Maylavarapu Krishna Sagar
BACKGROUND: Studies on dental trauma of the normal population have been carried out in the past; however, limited data are available on dental trauma of the handicapped population, especially visually impaired children in Chhattisgarh, India. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in visually impaired children in relation to age, cause, and place of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Epidemiological study was carried out among 400 children from various special schools of visually impaired children of Chhattisgarh followed by school dental checkup camps...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761940/management-of-ankylotic-root-resorption-following-dental-trauma-a-short-review-and-proposal-of-a-treatment-protocol
#6
Shaul Lin, Malka Ashkenazi, Munir Karawan, Sorin T Teich, Zvi Gutmacher
Ankylotic root resorption is a serious complication following traumatic dental injuries. The aetiology of root resorption includes acute injury to the cementum and periodontal ligament, and subsequent biological processes that propagate the harm. The aim of the present paper is to present a structured treatment protocol for teeth that have experienced trauma and are at risk of developing ankylotic root resorption, followed by a decoronation protocol for situations in which ankylotic root resorption developed...
July 31, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759118/mandibular-body-fracture-repair-with-wire-reinforced-interdental-composite-splint-in-small-dogs
#7
Michel Guzu, Philippe R Hennet
OBJECTIVE: To report the outcome of mandibular body fractures treated with a wire-reinforced interdental composite splint (WRICS) in small breed dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned small breed dogs (n = 24). METHODS: Medical records (1998-2012) of small breed dogs (<10 kg) with mandibular body fractures treated by WRICS were reviewed for signalment, history, type of fracture, treatment, and clinical and radiological follow-up...
July 31, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748194/recurrent-metatarsal-fractures-in-postmenopausal-woman-with-low-serum-alkaline-phosphatase-a-rare-diagnosis-not-to-miss
#8
Umair Iqbal, Hafsa Anwar, Ahmad Chaudhary, Madiha Alvi, Amy Freeth
Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is a rare inborn error of metabolism due to a loss-of-function mutation in the gene for tissue nonspecific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) that results in low levels of ALP. The clinical presentation of HPP is variable and in adults can easily be misdiagnosed as other forms of osteomalacia. We present a case of a 53-year-old Caucasian female who was evaluated for recurrent metatarsal fractures. She reported her first metatarsal fracture at age 21, and since then had at least 8 more metatarsal fractures over her lifetime, most without injury other than weight bearing...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729799/evaluation-of-knowledge-among-general-dentists-in-treatment-of-traumatic-injuries-in-primary-teeth-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#9
Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to assess the knowledge of General dentist regarding the management of dental traumatic injuries of primary teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 general dentists were selected and a validated questionnaire was distributed among the dentist to assess their knowledge on treatment strategies regarding traumatized primary teeth. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Data were entered into SPSS version 20...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721996/open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-screw-injury-retrospective-study
#10
Preetha Balaji, S M Balaji
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is a standard surgical procedure in jaw trauma and in orthognathic surgery. Insertion of screws is a significant risk for accidental tooth root injury with varying outcomes. Contrary evidences are found in literature due to a variety of study designs. This study was undertaken to address the lacunae and possibly estimate the difference in occurrence of tooth damage during or after ORIF between trauma and planned osteotomies...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717633/cementum-and-dentin-repair-following-root-damage-caused-by-the-insertion-of-self-tapping-and-self-drilling-miniscrews
#11
Majid Ghanbarzadeh, Farzin Heravi, Reihaneh Abrishamchi, Hooman Shafaee, Narges Ghazi, Parya Heravi, Hamid Ghanbarzadeh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the histological responses of cementum, root dentin, and pulp following intentional root injuries caused via self-tapping and self-drilling miniscrews. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen patients (with a mean age of 15.7 years and age range of 14-18 years) who were scheduled for the extraction of all four first premolars as part of their orthodontic treatment plan participated in this study. The roots of the right and the left quadrants' first premolars were designedly injured using self-tapping miniscrews and self-drilling miniscrews, respectively...
July 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706615/novel-effects-of-traditional-wooden-toothbrush-on-bowel-motility-symptoms-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-findings-from-a-pilot-quasi-experimental-study
#12
Ebrahim Esfandiari, Awat Feizi, Zahra Heidari, Seyed Reza Tabibian, Pooria Shaabani, Bijan Iraj, Payman Adibi, Amrollah Ebrahimi Varzaneh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of traditional wooden toothbrush usage on most severe constipation, which usually occurs in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. METHODS: In a quasi-experimental study, 61 SCI patients were selected who had injuries in different spinal levels (cervical, thoracic, and lumbar), and severe constipation from one defection in a few days to 3 weeks. They were recommended to use traditional wooden toothbrush for 5 min twice a day, after breakfast and dinner, over a 6 weeks period...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691752/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-improves-healing-response-of-periodontal-tissue-to-injury-in-mice
#13
I Vidovic Zdrilic, I O de Azevedo Queiroz, B G Matthews, J E Gomes-Filho, M Mina, I Kalajzic
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) is a biomaterial used in endodontic procedures as it exerts beneficial effects on regenerative processes. In this study, we evaluate the effect of MTA on healing of periodontal ligament (PDL) and surrounding tissue, following injury, in a transgenic mouse model and on the differentiation of murine mesenchymal progenitor cells in vitro. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used an inducible Cre-loxP in vivo fate mapping approach to examine the effects of MTA on the contributions of descendants of cells expressing the αSMA-CreERT2 transgene (SMA9(+) ) to the PDL and alveolar bone after experimental injury to the root furcation on the maxillary first molars...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688869/ankylosis-of-temporomandibular-joints-after-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis-in-patients-with-nager-syndrome-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Cheng Chun Wu, Daisuke Sakahara, Keisuke Imai
Nager syndrome, also known as Nager acrofacial dysostosis, was first described by Nager and de Reynier in 1948. The patients commonly present with micrognathia, and a preventive tracheostomy is necessary when there are symptoms of upper airway obstruction. Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is considered as an effective procedure, which not only improves micrognathia but also minimizes the chances of tracheostomy. However, mandibular distraction osteogenesis has some complications such as relapse, teeth injury, infection, and injury of the temporomandibular joints (TMJs)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685976/mandibular-division-trigeminal-nerve-injuries-following-primary-endodontic-treatment-a-case-series
#15
Maria Devine, Omesh Modgill, Tara Renton
The aim of this study is to report a series of patients with mandibular division trigeminal nerve (V3 ) injuries secondary to endodontic treatment, evaluate presentation characteristics and identify prevention strategies. This article describes a retrospective review of patients referred to a tertiary clinic 2007-2015 with V3 injury following endodontic treatment. The sample included 12 male and 16 female patients with a mean age of 41.5 years. Sixteen cases presented following endodontic treatment of the first and second molar, premolar teeth in eight cases and canine in two cases...
July 7, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677222/riga-fede-disease-in-the-upper-jaw-in-an-infant
#16
Şule Çavuş, Bilal Özmen
Riga-Fede disease is a benign and uncommon mucosal disorder. This illness is an ulceration of the oral mucosa and arises from repetitive traumatic injuries. The disease is usually caused by the sharp edges of new erupted teeth. The aim of the present case report is to present Riga-Fede disease and its treatment. We reported a 11-month-old healthy female infant diagnosed as Riga-Fede disease based on clinical features. After the conservative treatment that focused on eliminating the source of trauma, total healing was observed...
July 4, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675004/-confusion-and-solution-for-vital-pulp-therapy
#17
Huang Dingming, Lu Qian, Liao Qian, Ye Ling, Zhou Xuedong
Dental pulp tissue plays a role in forming dentin, providing nutrition, conducting pain, and generating protective responses to environmental stimuli. Bacterial infection is the main cause of pulp disease, where histopathological changes are the histological basis for determining the choice of treatment and the evaluation of therapeutic effect. Thus, particular attention should be given to eliminate infection, as well as preserve and maintain pulpal health in teeth that show reversible or limited pulpal injuries...
June 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671175/a-rare-cause-of-ventilatory-failure-in-a-patient-with-post-traumatic-intracranial-hemorrhage
#18
Balamugesh Thangakunam, Shakti Kumar Bal, Ajay V Venkatapathy, Aparna Irodi, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
High minute ventilation is required to lower intracranial pressures in patients with intracranial bleed. Respiratory acidemia consequent to ventilatory difficulty is dangerous in such patients as it further raises intracranial tension. We describe such a case. A 24-year-old man had to be intubated and mechanically ventilated after he met with a road traffic accident and sustained extensive maxillofacial injuries and intracranial bleed. A tooth was accidentally aspirated in this injury and progressively resulted in left lower lobe collapse, pneumomediastinum, and consequent difficult ventilation...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658901/the-status-of-knowledge-related-to-the-emergency-management-of-avulsed-tooth-amongst-the-medical-practitioners-of-nagpur-central-india
#19
Suryakant Kumar, Arunkumar B Sajjanar, Milind Athulkar, Jayashree Sajjanar, Akhilesh Shewale, Milind Wasnik, Pali Dhongde, Ankita Moon
INTRODUCTION: Tooth avulsion is a frequently reported traumatic injury amongst young children and whenever it occurs, the parents or teachers of those children often seek the help of Medical Practitioners to provide the first line of treatment. Therefore, the general physician's knowledge regarding the same is an important issue to be taken into consideration. AIM: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of general medical practitioners of Nagpur city of Central India regarding emergency management of avulsed tooth and highlight the importance of avulsed tooth education in schools and medical colleges in order to increase the knowledge of the same among teachers, parents and general physicians...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656723/stem-cell-therapy-for-reconstruction-of-alveolar-cleft-and-trauma-defects-in-adults-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Mona N Bajestan, Archana Rajan, Sean P Edwards, Sharon Aronovich, Lucia H S Cevidanes, Angeliki Polymeri, Suncica Travan, Darnell Kaigler
BACKGROUND: Stem cell therapy with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells is a promising tissue engineering strategy to promote regeneration of craniofacial bone. PURPOSE: To determine whether cell therapy with ex vivo expanded stem cell populations would be safe and efficacious in the regeneration of large alveolar defects in patients with a history of cleft palate or craniofacial trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients (10 patients with traumatic injury and 8 patients with cleft palate) presenting with missing teeth associated with horizontal alveolar bone deficiencies were included in this randomized controlled clinical trial...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
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