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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944095/intermolecular-interactions-involving-an-acidic-patch-on-immunoglobulin-variable-domain-and-the-%C3%AE-2-constant-region-mediate-crystalline-inclusion-body-formation-in-the-endoplasmic-reticulum
#1
Haruki Hasegawa, Mei Geng, Randal R Ketchem, Ling Liu, Kevin Graham, Frederick Jacobsen
Full-length immunoglobulins (Igs) are widely considered difficult to crystallize because of their large size, N-linked glycosylation, and flexible hinge region. However, numerous cases of intracellular Ig crystallization are reported in plasma cell dyscrasias. What makes some Ig clones more prone to crystallize during biosynthesis as well as the biochemical and cell biological requirements for this cryptic event are poorly understood. To investigate the underlying process of intracellular Ig crystallization we searched for model IgGs that can induce crystalline inclusions during recombinant overexpression...
2017: Cellular Logistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941399/comparison-of-uv-led-and-low-pressure-uv-for-water-disinfection-photoreactivation-and-dark-repair-of-escherichia-coli
#2
Guo-Qiang Li, Wen-Long Wang, Zheng-Yang Huo, Yun Lu, Hong-Ying Hu
Studies on ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV-LED) water disinfection have shown advantages, such as safety, flexible design, and lower starting voltages. However, information about reactivation after UV-LED disinfection is limited, which is an important issue of UV light-based technology. In this study, the photoreactivation and dark repair of Escherichia coli after UV-LEDs and low pressure (LP) UV disinfection were compared. Four UV-LED units, 265 nm, 280 nm, the combination of 265 + 280 (50%), and 265 + 280 (75%) were tested...
September 17, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940445/phytoplankton-size-scaling-of-net-energy-flux-across-light-and-biomass-gradients
#3
Martino E Malerba, Craig R White, Dustin J Marshall
Many studies examine how body size mediates energy use, but few examine how size simultaneously regulates energy acquisition. Furthermore, rarely energy fluxes are examined while accounting for the role of biotic and abiotic factors in which they are nested. These limitations contribute to an incomplete understanding of how size affects the transfer of energy through individuals, populations, and communities. Here we characterized photosynthesis-irradiance (P-I) curves and per-cell net-energy use for 21 phytoplankton species spanning across 4 orders of magnitude of size and 7 phyla, each measured across 6 light intensities and 4 population densities...
September 22, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939209/calcium-and-bone-metabolism-indices
#4
Lu Song
Calcium and inorganic phosphate are of critical importance for many body functions, thus the regulations of their plasma concentrations are tightly controlled by the concerted actions of reabsorption/excretion in the kidney, absorption in the intestines, and exchange from bone, the major reservoir for calcium and phosphate in the body. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D) control calcium homeostasis, whereas PTH, 1,25(OH)2D, and bone-derived fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF 23) control phosphate homeostasis...
2017: Advances in Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934651/persulfate-enhanced-photocatalytic-degradation-of-bisphenol-a-by-g-c3n4-nanosheets-under-visible-light-irradiation
#5
Bochuan Liu, Meng Qiao, Yanbin Wang, Lijuan Wang, Yan Gong, Tao Guo, Xu Zhao
The enhancement of g-C3N4 photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A (BPA) via persulfate (PS) addition was investigated under visible light irradiation. The effects of various parameters on the BPA degradation were investigated, such as catalysts dosage, PS concentrations, initial pH value and BPA concentration. The results showed that g-C3N4 nanosheets exhibited superior photocatalytic activity toward BPA degradation as compared with bulk g-C3N4. The addition of PS can further improve the g-C3N4 photocatalytic performance for BPA degradation...
September 4, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934607/a-visible-light-driven-heterojuncted-composite-wo3-bi12o17cl2-synthesis-characterization-and-improved-photocatalytic-performance
#6
Jiaojiao Zheng, Fei Chang, Mingzhi Jiao, Quan Xu, Baoqing Deng, Xuefeng Hu
Novel visible-light-driven WO3/Bi12O17Cl2 heterojuncted photocatalysts with different mass ratios were successfully fabricated by a facile hydrothermal process and were characterized by XRD, UV-Vis DRS, SEM, TEM, HRTEM, XPS, BET, Raman, PL, and ESR techniques. The original morphology of Bi12O17Cl2 was maintained after the addition of WO3 nanoparticles and the specific surface area values of WBx composites were obviously enlarged. The intimate contact of both components in HRTEM confirmed the generation of smooth phase interface...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933632/influence-of-light-and-food-on-the-circadian-clock-in-liver-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#7
Juan Hernández-Pérez, Jesús M Míguez, Fatemeh Naderi, José L Soengas, Marcos A López-Patiño
Several reports support the existence of multiple peripheral oscillators in fish, which may be able to modulate the rhythmic functions developed by those tissues hosting them. Thus, a circadian oscillator has been proposed to be located within fish liver. In this vertebrate group, the role played by the circadian system in regulating metabolic processes in liver is mostly unknown. We, therefore investigated the liver of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) as a potential element participating in the regulation of circadian rhythms in fish by hosting a functional circadian oscillator...
September 21, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933553/bromide-photo-oxidation-sensitized-to-visible-light-in-consecutive-ion-pairs
#8
Guocan Li, Wesley B Swords, Gerald J Meyer
The titration of bromide into a [Ru(deeb)(bpz)2]2+ (Ru2+, deeb = 4,4'-diethylester-2,2'-bipyridine; bpz = 2,2'-bipyrazine) dichloromethane solution led to the formation of two consecutive ion-paired species, [Ru2+, Br]+ and [Ru2+, 2Br], each with distinct photophysical and electron transfer properties. Formation of the first ion pair was stoichiometric, Keq1 > 106 M1, and the second ion-pair equilibrium was estimated to be Keq2 = 2.4 ± 0.4  105 M‒1. The 1H NMR spectra recorded in deuterated dichloromethane indicated the presence of contact ion-pairs and provided insights into their structures that were complimented by density functional theory calculations...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929760/a-classic-azo-dye-agglomeration-system-evidence-for-slow-continuous-nucleation-autocatalytic-agglomerative-growth-plus-the-effects-of-dust-removal-by-microfiltration-on-the-kinetics
#9
Saim Özkar, Richard G Finke
An important but virtually ignored 1978 paper by Reeves and co-workers, which examined a dye-OAc hydrolysis and then agglomeration system, is reanalyzed in light of current state of knowledge of nucleation and growth/agglomeration phenomena. The Finke-Watzky two-step mechanism is used to account quantitatively for the kinetics data, in turn providing deconvolution of dye hydrolysis and nucleation of agglomerative growth, from the agglomerative growth step, including their separate rate constants. Significantly, the effects of microfiltration of the removable dust on the two steps and their rate constants are uncovered and quantitated for the first time, including the finding that the presence of dust accelerates both steps by ca...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925865/structural-changes-of-human-serum-albumin-hsa-in-simulated-microgravity
#10
Azadeh Hekmat, Zahra Hajebrahimi, Amir Motamedzade
Nowadays, the biological effects of microgravity have been the subject of various experimental researches. The purpose of this study was to investigate the probable biological effects of microgravity on the human serum albumin (HSA) structure after 3 and 24 h exposure via various spectroscopic instruments. The UV-Visible, near-UV-CD and intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy represented that microgravity can remarkably change the tertiary structure of HSA. Additionally, the ANS affinity for HSA incremented when the protein was exposed to simulate microgravity compared to unexposed HSA, which may possibly have appeared attributable to expansion of the structure of simulated HSA...
September 17, 2017: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924166/determination-of-unique-power-conversion-efficiency-of-solar-cell-showing-hysteresis-in-the-i-v-curve-under-various-light-intensities
#11
Ludmila Cojocaru, Satoshi Uchida, Koichi Tamaki, Piyankarage V V Jayaweera, Shoji Kaneko, Jotaro Nakazaki, Takaya Kubo, Hiroshi Segawa
Energy harvesting at low light intensities has recently attracted a great deal of attention of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) which are regarded as promising candidate for indoor application. Anomalous hysteresis of the PSCs a complex issue for reliable evaluation of the cell performance. In order to address these challenges, we constructed two new evaluation methods to determinate the power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of PSCs. The first setup is a solar simulator based on light emitting diodes (LEDs) allowing evaluation of the solar cells at wider range of light intensities, ranging from 10(2) to 10(-3) mW·cm(-2)...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922769/psb33-sustains-photosystem-ii-d1-protein-under-fluctuating-light-conditions
#12
Rikard Fristedt, Andrea Trotta, Marjaana Suorsa, Anders K Nilsson, Roberta Croce, Eva-Mari Aro, Björn Lundin
On Earth, solar irradiance varies as the sun rises and sets over the horizon, and sunlight is thus in constant fluctuation, following a slow dark-low-high-low-dark curve. Optimal plant growth and development are dependent on the capacity of plants to acclimate and regulate photosynthesis in response to these changes of light. Little is known of regulative processes for photosynthesis during nocturnal events. The nucleus-encoded plant lineage-specific protein PSB33 has been described as stabilizing the photosystem II complex, especially under light stress conditions, and plants lacking PSB33 have a dysfunctional state transition...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922682/the-energy-cost-of-running-with-the-ball-in-soccer
#13
Alessandro Piras, Milena Raffi, Charalampos Atmatzidis, Franco Merni, Rocco Di Michele
Running with the ball is a soccer-specific activity frequently used by players during match play and training drills. Nevertheless, the energy cost (EC) of on-grass running with the ball has not yet been determined. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess the EC of constant-speed running with the ball, and to compare it with the EC of normal running. Eight amateur soccer players performed two 6- min runs at 10 km/h on artificial turf, respectively with and without the ball. EC was measured with indirect calorimetry and, furthermore, estimated with a method based on players' accelerations measured with a GPS receiver...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921874/polaronic-charge-carrier-lattice-interaction-in-lead-halide-perovskites
#14
Christoph Wolf, Young-Hoon Kim, Himchan Cho, Tae-Woo Lee
Almost ten years after the renaissance of the popular perovskite-type semiconductors based on lead-salts with general formula AMX3 (A=organic or inorganic cation, M=divalent metal, X=halide), many facets of photophysics continue to puzzle researchers. In this review, we shed some light on the low mobilities of charge carriers in lead-halide perovskites with special focus on the lattice properties at non-zero temperature. The polar and soft lattice leads to pronounced electron-phonon coupling, limiting carrier mobility and retarding recombination...
September 18, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920580/sandwiched-zno-au-cds-nanorod-arrays-with-enhanced-visible-light-driven-photocatalytical-performance
#15
Shoutian Ren, Yingying Wang, Guanghua Fan, Renxi Gao, Wenjun Liu
The development of high-performance photocatalysts is central to take advantage of solar energy to overcome environmental and energy crises. Integrating different functional materials artfully into nanostructures can acquire more efficient photocatalytic activity. Here sandwiched ZnO@Au@CdS nanorod films were synthesized via successive ZnO nanorod electrodeposition, Au sputtering and CdS electrodeposition. The as-synthesized composites were characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometer, x-ray diffractometer, scanning and transmission electron microscopy...
September 18, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917885/magnetic-cellulose-nanocrystal-nanocomposites-for-the-development-of-green-functional-materials
#16
E Lizundia, A Maceiras, J L Vilas, P Martins, S Lanceros-Mendez
A magnetic cellulosic material composed of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles was developed through evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA). Nanoparticles demonstrated good dispersibility within the cellulose nanocrystal template. The addition of glucose to CNC network allows the development of homogeneous crack-free CNC-based films and does no modify neither the morphology nor the optical properties. In contrast, the introduction of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles produces a marked decrease in the amount of the transmitted light...
November 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917116/thermal-and-photo-induced-degradation-of-perfluorinated-carboxylic-acids-kinetics-and-mechanism
#17
Jiaoqin Liu, Ruijuan Qu, Zunyao Wang, Itza Mendoza-Sanchez, Virender K Sharma
Perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) of different carbon chain lengths are chemicals of concern to human health and their removal, using conventional remediation technologies, is challenging. The present paper pursuits thermal and photo-induced degradation of PFCAs (F(CF2)nCOOH, n = 1-9) under various concentrations of four different acids (HNO3, H2SO4, HCl, and H3PO4) covering a range of strong acidic to basic pH. For thermal-induced experiments, the temperature was set at 40 °C, 60 °C, and 80 °C at acid strengths of 0...
September 6, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916410/kinetic-stability-and-sequence-structure-studies-of-urine-derived-bence-jones-proteins-from-multiple-myeloma-and-light-chain-amyloidosis-patients
#18
Luis M Blancas-Mejía, Emily B Martin, Angela Williams, Jonathan S Wall, Marina Ramirez-Alvarado
It is now accepted that the ability of a protein to form amyloid fibrils could be associated both kinetic and thermodynamic protein folding parameters. A recent study from our laboratory using recombinant full-length (encompassing the variable and constant domain) immunoglobulin light chains found a strong kinetic control of the protein unfolding for these proteins. In this study, we are extending our analysis by using urine-derived Bence Jones proteins (BJPs) from five patients with light chain (AL) amyloidosis and four patients with multiple myeloma (MM)...
September 1, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915468/spectral-and-computational-features-of-the-binding-between-riparins-and-human-serum-albumin
#19
Cintia Ramos Camargo, Ícaro Putinhon Caruso, Stanley Juan Chavez Gutierrez, Marcelo Andres Fossey, José Maria Barbosa Filho, Marinônio Lopes Cornélio
The green Brazilian bay leaf, a spice much prized in local cuisine (Aniba riparia, Lauraceae), contains chemical compounds presenting benzoyl-derivatives named riparins, which have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and anxiolytic properties. However, it is unclear what kind of interaction riparins perform with any molecular target. As a profitable target, human serum albumin (HSA) is one of the principal extracellular proteins, with an exceptional capacity to interact with several molecules, and it also plays a crucial role in the transport, distribution, and metabolism of a wide variety of endogenous and exogenous ligands...
September 8, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915350/the-zeta-potential-of-pmma-in-contact-with-aqueous-electrolyte-surfactant-solutions
#20
Mahmoud Khademi, Wuchun Mike Wang, Wolfgang Reitinger, Dominik Pj Barz
Addition of surfactants can considerably impact the electrical characteristics of an interface and the zeta potential measurement is the standard method for its characterization. In this article, a comprehensive study of the zeta potential of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) in contact with aqueous solutions containing an anionic, a cationic, or a zwitterionic surfactant at different pH and ionic strength values is conducted. Electrophoretic mobilities are inferred from electrophoretic light scattering measurements of the particulate PMMA...
September 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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