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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663381/resin-embedded-anatomical-cross-sections-as-a-teaching-adjunct-for-medical-curricula-is-this-technique-an-alternative-to-potting-and-plastination
#1
Fraser Chisholm, Ourania Varsou
With an ever-expanding use of cross-sectional imaging for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, there has also been an increase in the need for exposure to such radiological and anatomical views at the undergraduate and postgraduate level to allow for early familiarisation with the relevant anatomy. Cadaveric cross-sections offer an excellent link between the two-dimensional radiological images and the three-dimensional anatomical structures. For such cross-sections to be useful and informative within educational settings, they need to be: (i) safe for students and trainees to handle and (ii) robust enough to withstand repeated handling; as well as (iii) displaying anatomy clearly and accurately...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652954/-time-to-change-the-graduate-postgraduate-liaison-in-chilean-medical-education-reflections-about-a-double-certification-as-physician-and-doctor-in-medical-sciences
#2
Miguel Concha M
In the last 150 years, scientific research has produced extraordinary discoveries in Medicine and there is no doubt that research will continue contributing substantially in the future but there is no the same conviction regarding how to provision such capacities in medical graduates. In Chile, the Faculties of Medicine created several doctorate programs in Medical Sciences (Ph.D.) to strengthen medical research. However, the low number of physicians who apply to these programs is a caveat. These programs provide the advanced third-cycle competencies expected by students aspiring for an excellence research certification and their incorporation into academia...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628544/anesthetic-considerations-for-carotid-endarterectomy-a-postgraduate-educational-review
#3
REVIEW
Ahmed Yousef A Al Sultan, Abdulrahman Mawadh A Alsubhi
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has shown a significant benefit in preventing ipsilateral stroke when it is compared to conservative management. Surgical morbidity and mortality must be kept to a minimum to achieve this benefit. Neurological status of the CEA patients can be monitored easily during regional anesthesia depending on the awake testing (neurocognitive assessment) method of the CEA patients. In addition, specific parameters can help us to monitor and to predict the neurological status of the CEA patients during the procedures such as regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2 ) and middle cerebral artery velocity (MCAv) changes...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620675/educational-interventions-to-improve-handover-in-health-care-an-updated-systematic-review
#4
Morris Gordon, Elaine Hill, Jennifer N Stojan, Michelle Daniel
PURPOSE: Effective handovers (handoffs) are vital to patient safety. Medical educators investigated educational interventions to improve handovers in a 2011 systematic review. The number of publications on handover education has increased since then, so authors undertook this updated review. METHOD: The authors considered studies involving educational interventions to improve handover amongst undergraduate or postgraduate health professionals in acute care settings...
April 3, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619337/prevalence-and-prognostic-significance-of-prolonged-qtc-interval-in-emergency-medical-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#5
Chhagan Lal Birda, Susheel Kumar, Ashish Bhalla, Navneet Sharma, Savita Kumari
Introduction: QTc interval is affected by many factors and prolongation of same may have prognostic significance. A significant number of patients admitted in medical emergency are acutely ill, have multiple comorbidities and are on medications, all of these factors might affect QTc interval and prognosis. Materials and Methods: Single-center, prospective, observational study was carried out on 279 patients of different illnesses recruited from emergency medical services attached to the Department of Internal Medicine at Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, a tertiary care hospital...
January 2018: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607380/effectiveness-of-an-interventional-package-on-the-level-of-anxiety-depression-and-fatigue-among-patients-with-cervical-cancer
#6
Mandeep Kaur, Meenakshi Agnihotri, Karobi Das, Bhavana Rai, Sandhya Ghai
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventional package on the level of anxiety, depression, and fatigue. Methods: The study was conducted in room no. 5, first floor, B Block, Department of Radiotherapy, Nehru Hospital, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh Quasi experimental pretest-posttest design was used in the study. A total of 60 patients receiving radiotherapy/chemotherapy were assigned in two groups of 30 each, through total enumeration sampling technique...
April 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603914/a-new-wave-of-urologists-graduating-urology-residents-practices-of-and-attitudes-toward-social-media
#7
Kunal Jain, Gagan Fervaha, Michael B Fuoco, Michael J Leveridge
INTRODUCTION: Social media (SoMe) have revolutionized healthcare, but physicians remain hesitant to adopt SoMe in their practices. We sought to assess graduating urology residents' practices of and attitudes toward SoMe. METHODS: A close-ended questionnaire, employing five-point Likert scales, was distributed to all final-year residents (n=100) in Canadian urology training programs in 2012, 2014, and 2016 to assess SoMe usage and perceived usefulness. RESULTS: All (100%) questionnaires were completed...
March 19, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602867/medical-education-partnership-initiative-mepi-in-zimbabwe-outcomes-and-challenges
#8
James G Hakim, Midion M Chidzonga, Margaret Z Borok, Kusum J Nathoo, Jonathan Matenga, Edward Havranek, Frances Cowan, Melanie Abas, Eva Aagaard, Susan Connors, Sanele Nkomani, Chiratidzo E Ndhlovu, Antony Matsika, Michele Barry, Thomas B Campbell
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa has an inadequate number of health professionals, leading to a reduced capacity to respond to health challenges, including HIV/AIDS. From 2010 to 2015, the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI)-sponsored by the U.S. Presidents Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-was enthusiastically taken up by the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences (UZCHS) and 12 other sub-Saharan African universities to develop models of training to improve medical education and research capacity...
March 21, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595832/what-models-of-change-can-be-used-to-implement-change-in-postgraduate-medical-education
#9
COMMENT
Taha Mahmood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572920/stakes-in-the-eye-of-the-beholder-an-international-study-of-learners-perceptions-within-programmatic-assessment
#10
Suzanne Schut, Erik Driessen, Jan van Tartwijk, Cees van der Vleuten, Sylvia Heeneman
OBJECTIVES: Within programmatic assessment, the ambition is to simultaneously optimise the feedback and the decision-making function of assessment. In this approach, individual assessments are intended to be low stakes. In practice, however, learners often perceive assessments designed to be low stakes as high stakes. In this study, we explored how learners perceive assessment stakes within programmatic assessment and which factors influence these perceptions. METHODS: Twenty-six learners were interviewed from three different countries and five different programmes, ranging from undergraduate to postgraduate medical education...
March 24, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565110/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-9-education-and-continuous-professional-development-shaping-the-future-of-prm
#11
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), this paper deals with the education of PRM physicians in Europe. To acquire the wide field of competence needed, specialists in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine have to undergo a well organised and appropriately structured training of adequate duration. In fact they are required to develop not only medical knowledge, but also competence in patient care, specific procedural skills, and attitudes towards interpersonal relationship and communication, profound understanding of the main principles of medical ethics and public health, ability to apply policies of care and prevention for disabled people, capacity to master strategies for reintegration of disabled people into society, apply principles of quality assurance and promote a practice-based continuous professional development...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558914/clinical-communication-skills-and-professionalism-education-are-required-from-the-beginning-of-medical-training-a-point-of-view-of-family-physicians
#12
Camila Ament Giuliani Dos Santos Franco, Renato Soleiman Franco, José Mauro Ceratti Lopes, Milton Severo, Maria Amélia Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The Brazilian undergraduate medical course is six years long. As in other countries, a medical residency is not obligatory to practice as a doctor. In this context, this paper aims to clarify what and when competencies in communication and professionalism should be addressed, shedding light on the role of university, residency and post-residency programmes. METHODS: Brazilian family physicians with diverse levels of medical training answered a questionnaire designed to seek a consensus on the competencies that should be taught (key competencies) and when students should achieve them during their medical training...
March 20, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557693/student-perspective-on-outcomes-and-process-recommendations-for-implementing-competency-based-medical-education
#13
Neill Storrar, David Hope, Helen Cameron
PURPOSE: Competency-based medical education (CBME) seeks to prepare undergraduate and postgraduate trainees for clinical practice. Its major emphasis is on outcomes, but questions about how best to reach these remain. One key issue is the need to integrate what matters most to students when setting educational goals: this is crucial if we are to design curricula that trainees understand and engage with, and that promote successful achievement of competencies. METHOD: We interviewed medical students in years 4 and 6 of a 6-year medical degree and used thematic analysis to understand their main educational priorities and how these fit with the aims of CBME...
March 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557527/the-college-of-anaesthetists-of-ireland-simulation-training-programme-a-descriptive-report-and-analysis-of-course-participants-feedback
#14
Aine Cafferkey, Elizabeth Coyle, David Greaney, Sinead Harte, Niamh Hayes, Miriam Langdon, Birgitt Straub, Crina Burlacu
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based education is a modern training modality that allows healthcare professionals to develop knowledge and practice skills in a safe learning environment. The College of Anaesthetists of Ireland (CAI) was the first Irish postgraduate medical training body to introduce mandatory simulation training into its curriculum. Extensive quality assurance and improvement data has been collected on all simulation courses to date. AIMS: Describe The College of Anaesthetists of Ireland Simulation Training (CAST) programme and report the analysis of course participants' feedback...
March 20, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554908/self-efficacy-reduces-the-impact-of-social-isolation-on-medical-student-s-rural-career-intent
#15
Vivian Isaac, Sabrina Winona Pit, Craig S McLachlan
BACKGROUND: Social isolation in medical students is a subjective experience that may influence medical career decision making. Rural self-efficacy has been shown to influence rural career intentions following a rural clinical placement, however its impact on social isolation during a rural clinical placement has not been previously modeled. The objective of this study is to explore whether self-perception of social isolation is associated with rural career intent in rural medical students...
March 20, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548258/from-pipelines-to-pathways-the-memorial-experience-in-educating-doctors-for-rural-generalist-practice
#16
James Rourke, Shabnam Asghari, Oliver Hurley, Mohamed Ravalia, Michael Jong, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Danielle O'Keefe, Scott Moffatt, Wendy Graham, Carolyn Sturge Sparkes, Janelle Hippe, Kristin Harris Walsh, Donald McKay, Asoka Samarasena
CONTEXT: This report describes the community context, concept and mission of The Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland (Memorial), Canada, and its 'pathways to rural practice' approach, which includes influences at the pre-medical school, medical school experience, postgraduate residency training, and physician practice levels. Memorial's pathways to practice helped Memorial to fulfill its social accountability mandate to populate the province with highly skilled rural generalist practitioners...
March 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547421/pain-a-neglected-problem-in-the-low-resource-setting
#17
C Roger Goucke, Pongparadee Chaudakshetrin
Approximately 80% of the world's population lives in countries with little or no access to pain management. These countries also have 74% of the world's deaths from cancer and human immunodeficiency virus. Appropriate use of oral opioids can control 80%-90% of cancer pain. However, only 6.7% of the world's medical opioids are available in these low-resource countries. With the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery calling for a significant expansion of surgical services, postoperative pain management will need to be an increasing focus of our attention...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546432/factors-affecting-choice-of-sponsoring-institution-for-residency-among-medical-students-in-singapore
#18
Chew Lip Ng, Xuan Dao Liu, Renuka Murali Govind, Jonathan Wei Jian Tan, Shirley Beng Suat Ooi, Sophia Archuleta
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate medical education in Singapore underwent major transition recently, from a British-style system and accreditation to a competency-based residency programme modelled after the American system. We aimed to identify the relative importance of factors influencing the choice of residency sponsoring institutions (SIs) among medical students during this transition period. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study of Singaporean undergraduate medical students across all years of study was performed in 2011...
March 16, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540400/pathways-to-rural-family-practice-at-memorial-university-of-newfoundland
#19
James Rourke, Danielle O'Keefe, Mohamed Ravalia, Scott Moffatt, Wanda Parsons, Norah Duggan, Katherine Stringer, Michael Jong, Kristin Harris Walsh, Janelle Hippe
OBJECTIVE: To assess Memorial University of Newfoundland's (MUN's) commitment to a comprehensive pathways approach to rural family practice, and to determine the national and provincial effects of applying this approach. DESIGN: Analysis of anonymized secondary data. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Memorial's medical degree (MD) graduates practising family medicine in Newfoundland and Labrador as of January 2015 (N = 305), MUN's 2011 and 2012 MD graduates (N = 120), and physicians who completed family medicine training programs in Canada between 2004 and 2013 and who were practising in Canada 2 years after completion of their postgraduate training (N = 8091)...
March 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531882/creating-a-student-centered-learning-environment-implementation-of-problem-based-learning-to-teach-microbiology-to-undergraduate-medical-students
#20
Venkataramana Kandi, Parimala Reddy Basireddy
Introduction Medical education involves training necessary to become a physician or a surgeon. This includes various levels of training like undergraduate, internship, and postgraduate training. Medical education can be quite complex, since it involves training in pre-clinical subjects (anatomy, physiology, biochemistry), the para-clinical subjects (microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, and forensic medicine), and a discrete group of clinical subjects that include general medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, ear, nose and throat specialization, paediatrics, cardiology, pulmonology, dermatology, ophthalmology, and orthopaedics, and many other clinical specializations and super specialities (cardio-thoracic surgery, neurosurgery, etc...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
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