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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335820/exploring-the-tensions-of-being-and-becoming-a-medical-educator
#1
Ahsan Sethi, Rola Ajjawi, Sean McAleer, Susie Schofield
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have identified tensions medical faculty encounter in their roles but not specifically those with a qualification in medical education. It is likely that those with postgraduate qualifications may face additional tensions (i.e., internal or external conflicts or concerns) from differentiation by others, greater responsibilities and translational work against the status quo. This study explores the complex and multi-faceted tensions of educators with qualifications in medical education at various stages in their career...
March 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332182/status-update-on-women-s-reproductive-health-care-and-obstetrics-gynecology-postgraduate-training-in-post-ebola-sierra-leone
#2
Rachel Chan Seay, A P Koroma, Jenell Coleman, Clark T Johnson, Emmanuel A Ugwa, Jean Anderson
Academic partnerships can help to expand the women's reproductive healthcare workforce and improve maternal mortality.(1) In-country postgraduate and continuing medical education opportunities are key to training and retaining specialized physicians. The present report describes a developing academic partnership to build capacity in Sierra Leone following the Ebola virus disease epidemic. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332028/infection-profile-in-chronic-granulomatous-disease-a-23-year-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-north-india
#3
Amit Rawat, Pandiarajan Vignesh, Avinash Sharma, Jitendra K Shandilya, Madhubala Sharma, Deepti Suri, Anju Gupta, Vikas Gautam, Pallab Ray, Shivaprakash M Rudramurthy, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Kohsuke Imai, Shigeaki Nonoyama, Osamu Ohara, Yu L Lau, Surjit Singh
PURPOSE: Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is an inherited phagocytic disorder characterized by recurrent infections with usually catalase-positive organisms. Infections in CGD from developing countries are expected to be different from those in the Western countries. We report the profile of infections in children diagnosed with CGD from a tertiary care center in North India. METHODOLOGY: Case records of children diagnosed with CGD at Pediatric Immunodeficiency Clinic, Advanced Pediatrics Centre, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, from August 1993 to April 2016 (23 years) were analyzed...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331996/use-of-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-among-german-breast-cancer-patients-predictors-and-implications-for-patient-care-within-the-praegnant-study-network
#4
Carlo Fremd, Carolin C Hack, Andreas Schneeweiss, Geraldine Rauch, Diethelm Wallwiener, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Florin-Andrei Taran, Andreas Hartkopf, Friedrich Overkamp, Hans Tesch, Tanja Fehm, Peyman Hadji, Wolfgang Janni, Diana Lüftner, Michael P Lux, Volkmar Müller, Johannes Ettl, Erik Belleville, Christof Sohn, Florian Schuetz, Matthias M Beckmann, Peter A Fasching, Markus Wallwiener
PURPOSE: The present study aims to analyze a cohort of advanced breast cancer patients in Germany to assess their interest in complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and patient's use of most frequent CAM methods. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based on the PREGNANT real-time breast cancer registry which is a multicenter study in Germany, questionnaires of 580 patients with advanced breast cancer were evaluated. The implemented questionnaire for CAM asked for general interest in CAM and for patient's use of different CAM methods at present and in the past...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327273/factors-affecting-orthopedic-residency-selection-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Jason Strelzow, Robert Petretta, Henry M Broekhuyse
BACKGROUND: Annually, orthopedic residency programs rank and recruit the best possible candidates. Little evidence exists identifying factors that potential candidates use to select their career paths. Recent literature from nonsurgical programs suggests hospital, social and program-based factors influence program selection. We sought to determine what factors influence the choice of an orthopedic career and a candidate's choice of orthopedic residency program. METHODS: We surveyed medical student applicants to orthopedic programs and current Canadian orthopedic surgery residents (postgraduate year [PGY] 1-5)...
April 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303820/characterisation-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-salmonellae-during-2014-2015-from-four-centres-across-india-an-icmr-antimicrobial-resistance-surveillance-network-report
#6
Sushila Dahiya, Priyanka Sharma, Bhavana Kumari, Sangeeta Pandey, Rooma Malik, Neelam Manral, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Agila Kumari Pragasam, Pallab Ray, Vikas Gautam, Sujata Sistla, Subhash Chandra Parija, Kamini Walia, Vinod Ohri, Bimal Kumar Das, Seema Sood, Arti Kapil
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study was to establish 'Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network' in India and to monitor the antimicrobial susceptibility profile of clinical isolates to establish a national network across the country for monitoring antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, nodal centre with clinical isolates of Salmonellae collected from four centres across India, which included Christian Medical College, Vellore; Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296651/the-predictive-validity-of-a-text-based-situational-judgment-test-in-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-school-admissions
#7
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Helena Edwards, Anna Rosselli, Sandra Nicholson, Barry Wright
PROBLEM: Situational judgment tests (SJTs) can be used to assess the nonacademic attributes necessary for medical and dental trainees to become successful practitioners. Evidence for SJTs' predictive validity, however, relates predominantly to selection in postgraduate settings or using video-based SJTs at the undergraduate level; it may not be directly transferable to text-based SJTs in undergraduate medical and dental school selection. This preliminary study aimed to address these gaps by assessing the validity of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) text-based SJT...
March 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294925/-assessing-the-quality-of-the-medical-learning-environment-comparison-of-two-validated-dutch-questionnaires
#8
P L P Brand, A D C Jaarsma, J Schönrock-Adema
- Assessing the quality of the medical learning environment is an important part of the quality cycle of postgraduate medical education programmes.- The quality of the medical learning environment is primarily assessed by systematically documenting the experiences of doctors-in-training (residents).- For this purpose, several questionnaires have been developed, two of which have been specifically developed for use in the Dutch clinical learning environment.- D-RECT is a commonly-used, 50-item questionnaire (11 subscales), developed from qualitative research on the optimal learning environment for ObGyn residents...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293900/enhancing-the-connection-between-the-classroom-and-the-clinical-workplace-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Sanne Peters, Geraldine Clarebout, Agnes Diemers, Nicolas Delvaux, An Verburgh, Bert Aertgeerts, Ann Roex
INTRODUCTION: Although medical students are increasingly exposed to clinical experiences as part of their training, these often occur parallel with, rather than connected to, their classroom-based learning experiences. Additionally, students seem to struggle with spontaneously making the connection between these spheres of their training themselves. Therefore, this systematic review synthesized the existing evidence about educational interventions that aim to enhance the connection between learning in the classroom and its application in the workplace...
March 14, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#10
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274982/implementation-of-an-interprofessional-clinical-pharmacology-selective-learning-experience-for-pharmacy-residents-and-medical-students
#11
Garrett E Schramm, Prasanna P Narayanan, Darryl S Chutka, Wayne T Nicholson
PURPOSE: The implementation of an interprofessional clinical pharmacology selective (CPS) learning experience for pharmacy residents and medical students is described. SUMMARY: The opportunity for pharmacy residents to provide didactic lectures at a college of pharmacy and to develop teaching and preceptor skills with experiential pharmacy students may be limited by institution-specific affiliations and geographic location. In order to overcome these barriers, the Mayo Clinic Hospital postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) pharmacy residency program implemented an interprofessional learning experience in which pharmacy residents serve the role of preceptors for first- and second-year medical students on a CPS...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274244/where-is-students-research-in-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-assessing-productivity-and-use-of-postgraduate-students-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Investing in research that is not accessible or used is a waste of resources and an injustice to human subject participants. Post-graduate students' research in institutions of higher learning involves considerable time, effort and money, warranting evaluation of the return on investment. Although individual studies addressing research productivity of post-graduate students are available, a synthesis of these results in low-income settings has not been undertaken. Our first aim is to identify the types of approaches that increase productivity and those that increase the application of medical post-graduate students' research and to assess their effectiveness...
March 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273989/healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#13
Chanaveerappa Bammigatti, Saikumar Doradla, Harish Narasimha Belgode, Harichandra Kumar, Rathinam Palamalai Swaminathan
INTRODUCTION: Health Care associated Infections (HAI) are the most common complications affecting the hospitalized patients. HAI are more common in developing and under developed countries. However, there are no systematic surveillance programs in these countries. AIM: To find out the burden, predisposing factors and multidrug resistant organisms causing HAI in a resource limited setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was done at Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261404/using-the-electronic-health-record-to-identify-educational-gaps-for-internal-medicine-interns
#14
Alvin Rajkomar, Sumant R Ranji, Bradley Sharpe
BACKGROUND : An important component of internal medicine residency is clinical immersion in core rotations to expose first-year residents to common diagnoses. OBJECTIVE : Quantify intern experience with common diagnoses through clinical documentation in an electronic health record. METHODS : We analyzed all clinical notes written by postgraduate year (PGY) 1, PGY-2, and PGY-3 residents on medicine service at an academic medical center July 1, 2012, through June 30, 2014...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259488/initial-comparison-of-resident-and-attending-milestones-evaluations-in-plastic-surgery
#15
Amy Yao, Benjamin B Massenburg, Lester Silver, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: Graduate medical education has recently undergone a major archetypal shift toward competency-based evaluations of residents' performance. The implementation of the Milestones program by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) is a core component of the shift, designed to ensure uniformity in measuring residency knowledge using a series of specialty-specific achievements. This study evaluates the correlation between residents' self-evaluations and program directors' assessments of their performance...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251541/profile-of-pediatric-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies-from-a-tertiary-care-center-of-eastern-india
#16
Sumantra Sarkar, Tanushree Mondal, Arpan Saha, Rakesh Mondal, Supratim Datta
OBJECTIVES: To report data on Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) from eastern India. METHODS: All IIM patients diagnosed over the last 5 y (2011-2016) were included through a retrospective review of records from the hospital and specialty clinic at Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (I.P.G.M.E.&R.), Kolkata. RESULTS: Out of the 11 IIM patients, 9 had Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) and 2 had overlap myositis (OM) [with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and scleroderma]...
March 2, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247620/-chronic-prostatitis-a-new-paradigm-of-treatment
#17
V A Bozhedomov
This paper proposes health care recommendations for men with chronic prostatitis (CP) taking into account etiopathogenesis and the clinical presentation of the disease. The proposal is based on the experience of federal and regional clinics of urology and gynecology, respective departments for postgraduate education and on the analysis of scientific literature. It is shown that managing patients with CP requires consideration of factors beyond the traditional practice of urology. The author validates the need to use the modern prostatitis classification UPOINT instead of the traditional NIH NIDDK (1995) to increase the effectiveness of treatment...
August 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242169/an-analysis-of-future-publications-career-choices-and-practice-characteristics-of-research-presenters-at-an-american-college-of-surgeons-state-conference-a-15-year-review
#18
Humera F Ahmad, Benjamin T Jarman, Kara J Kallies, Stephen B Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires scholarly activity within general surgery residency programs. The association between in-training research presentations and postgraduation publications is unknown. We hypothesized that surgical trainee presentations at an American College of Surgeons (ACS) state chapter meeting resulted in peer-reviewed publications and future scholarly activity. DESIGN: The ACS Wisconsin state chapter meeting agendas from 2000 to 2014 were reviewed to identify all trainees who delivered podium presentations...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219401/impact-of-the-rural-pipeline-in-medical-education-practice-locations-of-recently-graduated-family-physicians-in-ontario
#19
Elizabeth F Wenghofer, John C Hogenbirk, Patrick E Timony
BACKGROUND: The "rural pipeline" suggests that students educated in rural, or other underserviced areas, are more likely to establish practices in such locations. It is upon this concept that the Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM) was founded. Our analysis answers the following question: Are physicians who were educated at NOSM more likely to practice in rural and northern Ontario compared with physicians who were educated at other Canadian medical schools? METHODS: We used data from the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario...
February 20, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210814/post-mortem-external-examination-competence-education-and-accuracy-of-general-practitioners-in-a-metropolitan-area
#20
Ann Sophie Schröder, Sandra Wilmes, Susanne Sehner, Maren Ehrhardt, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Sven Anders
In several countries, general practitioners conduct post-mortem external examination (PMEE) and certify death in out-of-hospital cases. A possible lack of accuracy has been repeatedly criticised, although data on everyday practice of PMEE on outpatients are scarce. To evaluate medical practitioner's competence, education and accuracy regarding PMEE, we conducted a fax-survey among 1343 medical doctors in the metropolitan area of Hamburg, Germany. The results indicate considerable shortcomings in up to 63% regarding the inspection of body orifices and hidden areas, palpation of osseous structures, ectropionisation of the eyelids and use of aids...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
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