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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210814/post-mortem-external-examination-competence-education-and-accuracy-of-general-practitioners-in-a-metropolitan-area
#1
Ann Sophie Schröder, Sandra Wilmes, Susanne Sehner, Maren Ehrhardt, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Sven Anders
In several countries, general practitioners conduct post-mortem external examination (PMEE) and certify death in out-of-hospital cases. A possible lack of accuracy has been repeatedly criticised, although data on everyday practice of PMEE on outpatients are scarce. To evaluate medical practitioner's competence, education and accuracy regarding PMEE, we conducted a fax-survey among 1343 medical doctors in the metropolitan area of Hamburg, Germany. The results indicate considerable shortcomings in up to 63% regarding the inspection of body orifices and hidden areas, palpation of osseous structures, ectropionisation of the eyelids and use of aids...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206672/assessment-of-a-novel-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-s-effect-on-competency-measures-in-family-medicine-graduate-medical-education
#2
Paul Bornemann
OBJECTIVES: Point-of-care ultrasound has been shown to decrease the use of expensive diagnostic studies and improve quality outcome measures. Currently, there is a large desire for training in family medicine residencies, but very few programs have established curricula. We sought to develop a family medicine residency curriculum and evaluate it with tools we developed. We wanted our curriculum to be easy to adopt by other residency programs, even if they did not have many well-trained ultrasound faculty...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195662/deficiencies-in-postgraduate-training-for-healthcare-professionals-who-provide-diabetes-education-and-support-results-from-the-diabetes-attitudes-wishes-and-needs-dawn2-study
#3
J L Byrne, M J Davies, I Willaing, R I G Holt, M E Carey, H Daly, S Skovlund, M Peyrot
AIMS: To consider the global provision of self-management diabetes education and training for healthcare professionals using data from the second Diabetes Attitudes, Wishes and Needs (DAWN2) study. METHODS: A total of 4785 healthcare professionals caring for people with diabetes were surveyed in 17 countries to assess diabetes healthcare provision, self-management support and training. RESULTS: Of the healthcare professionals surveyed, 33...
February 13, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190366/predictors-of-remote-practice-location-in-the-first-seven-cohorts-of-james-cook-university-mbbs-graduates
#4
Torres Woolley, Tarun Sen Gupta, Maria Bellei
INTRODUCTION: This article describes factors predicting James Cook University (JCU) medical graduates undertaking at least 1 year of remote practice. The cross-sectional design involved point-in-time (2015) analysis of the JCU medical school's ongoing longitudinal graduate tracking database. Participants were the first seven cohorts of graduates from the JCU medical school who had completed at least their postgraduate year (PGY) 4 in Australia (<i>n</i>=529); that is, PGY 4 to PGY 10 graduates...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183411/funding-of-graduate-medical-education-in-a-market-based-healthcare-system
#5
Barbara L Schuster
The graduate medical education (GME) process in the United States is considered the most respected model for high-quality education of graduate physicians in the world. With substantial funding through government and private insurers and through structured educational accreditation standards, the American Board of Medical Specialists-certified physicians are recognized for their expertise in delivering high-quality medical care. However, under fiscal constraints and changing social expectations, questions are continually posed about the process of funding and whether the "physician outcomes" are sufficient to continue with the investment...
February 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181019/evaluating-the-complementary-roles-of-an-sjt-and-academic-assessment-for-entry-into-clinical-practice
#6
Fran Cousans, Fiona Patterson, Helena Edwards, Kim Walker, John C McLachlan, David Good
Although there is extensive evidence confirming the predictive validity of situational judgement tests (SJTs) in medical education, there remains a shortage of evidence for their predictive validity for performance of postgraduate trainees in their first role in clinical practice. Moreover, to date few researchers have empirically examined the complementary roles of academic and non-academic selection methods in predicting in-role performance. This is an important area of enquiry as despite it being common practice to use both types of methods within a selection system, there is currently no evidence that this approach translates into increased predictive validity of the selection system as a whole, over that achieved by the use of a single selection method...
February 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178854/postgraduate-medical-education
#7
J M Rios Ruh, A Santamaría Fumas, J M Sales Pérez, Michael S Pinzur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174396/-japanese-board-certified-thoracic-surgeon
#8
Koji Chihara
The Japanese Board of General Thoracic Surgery (JBGTS) consisted by Japanese Association of Chest Surgery (JACS) and The Japanese Association of Thoracic Surgery (JATS) has been certified Japanese Board Certified Thoracic Surgeon (JBCTS) since 2004. At present, JBCTS is obtained by being of Certified Surgeon by Japan Surgical Society( JSS), completion of minimum requirement of surgical experience, scientific papers, presentation at medical assembly, learning of postgraduate educational programs, and examination approximate 11 years after graduation of medical school...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169253/dental-students-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-cone-beam-computed-tomography-an-indian-scenario
#9
Palak H Shah, Rashmi Venkatesh
BACKGROUND: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is an upcoming imaging modality in field of dentistry with promising outcomes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To assess the dental student's knowledge and attitude regarding CBCT in K. M. Shah Dental College and Hospital as they are future practitioners. METHODOLOGY: An anonymous questionnaire consisting of 11 questions was distributed among 320 dental students which included final BDS students, interns, and postgraduate students...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168128/three-dimensional-printing-of-a-hemorrhagic-cervical-cancer-model-for-postgraduate-gynecological-training
#10
Michael Bartellas, Stephen Ryan, Gregory Doucet, Deanna Murphy, Jacqueline Turner
INTRODUCTION: A realistic hemorrhagic cervical cancer model was three-dimensionally (3D) printed and used in a postgraduate medical simulation training session. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Computer-assisted design (CAD) software was the platform of choice to create and refine the cervical model. Once the prototype was finalized, another software allowed for the addition of a neoplastic mass, which included openings for bleeding from the neoplasm and cervical os. 3D printing was done using two desktop printers and three different materials...
January 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167745/standardisation-of-delivery-and-assessment-of-research-training-for-specialty-trainees-based-on-curriculum-requirements-recommendations-based-on-a-scoping-review
#11
Amar Rangan, James Pitchford, Penny Williams, Brian Wood, Stephen Robson
OBJECTIVES: (1) To conduct a scoping review of postgraduate specialty training (ST) curricula for doctors within Health Education England in order to identify common themes and variations in requirements for training and assessment of research competencies. (2) To make recommendations on standardisation of training for clinical research across ST programmes. SETTING: Health Education England North East and National Institute for Health Research Clinical Research Network (CRN)-North East and North Cumbria...
February 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166769/medical-graduates-preparedness-to-practice-a-comparison-of-undergraduate-medical-school-training
#12
Susan Miles, Joanne Kellett, Sam J Leinster
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that newly qualified doctors do not feel prepared to start work. This study examined views of first year Foundation doctors (F1s) regarding how prepared they felt by their undergraduate medical education for skills required during the first Foundation training year in relation to their type of training. METHOD: One-hundred and eighty two F1s completed a questionnaire during their first rotation of Foundation training. Analysis was conducted by type of medical school training: Problem-Based Learning (PBL), Traditional or Reformed...
February 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159948/admission-to-undergraduate-and-postgraduate-medical-courses-looking-beyond-single-entrance-examinations
#13
Tejinder Singh, Jyoti Nath Modi, Vinay Kumar, Upreet Dhaliwal, Piyush Gupta, Rita Sood
In India, a single national level entrance examination for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate medical courses has been introduced. This is largely an effort towards alleviating financial corruption in admission process, improving logistics and ease of examination for students, and resource efficacy in conduction of examination. Unfortunately, the possible educational impact of such single high stakes examination has not been overtly discussed. A major handicap in doing so is the lack of documentation and analysis of our own experience with multiple entrance examinations over many years...
February 2, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155322/an-assessment-of-implementation-of-communityoriented-primary-care-in-kenyan-family-medicine-postgraduate-medical-education-programmes
#14
Ian J Nelligan, Jacob Shabani, Stephanie Taché, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Megan Mahoney
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family medicine postgraduate programmes in Kenya are examining the benefits of Community-Oriented Primary Care (COPC) curriculum, as a method to train residents in population-based approaches to health care delivery. Whilst COPC is an established part of family medicine training in the United States, little is known about its application in Kenya. We sought to conduct a qualitative study to explore the development and implementation of COPC curriculum in the first two family medicine postgraduate programmes in Kenya...
December 2, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145945/training-internal-medicine-residents-in-social-medicine-and-research-based-health-advocacy-a-novel-in-depth-curriculum
#15
Gaurab Basu, Richard J Pels, Rachel L Stark, Priyank Jain, David H Bor, Danny McCormick
PROBLEM: Health disparities are pervasive worldwide. Physicians have a unique vantage point from which they can observe the ways social, economic, and political factors impact health outcomes and can be effective advocates for enhanced health outcomes and health equity. However, social medicine and health advocacy curricula are uncommon in postgraduate medical education. APPROACH: In academic year (AY) 2012, the Cambridge Health Alliance internal medicine residency program transformed an elective into a required social medicine and research-based health advocacy curriculum...
January 31, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144170/flipping-the-classroom-to-teach-millennial-residents-medical-leadership-a-proof-of-concept
#16
Alicia T Lucardie, Lizanne Berkenbosch, Jochem van den Berg, Jamiu O Busari
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing changes in health care delivery have resulted in the reform of educational content and methods of training in postgraduate medical leadership education. Health care law and medical errors are domains in medical leadership where medical residents desire training. However, the potential value of the flipped classroom as a pedagogical tool for leadership training within postgraduate medical education has not been fully explored. Therefore, we designed a learning module for this purpose and made use of the flipped classroom model to deliver the training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144123/state-of-simulation-in-healthcare-education-an-initial-survey-in-beijing
#17
Zichen Zhao, Pengfei Niu, Xiang Ji, Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In 2013, medical error was the third leading cause of death in the United States.(1) In China, as in the case with the United States, training and assessment are developing as a strategy to reduce the occurrence of such errors. The objective of this study was to assess the current state of the use of simulation-based training in Beijing and to explore the barriers to further development. METHODS: This study included hospitals in Beijing accredited by the Standardized Residency Training (SRT) program...
January 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120259/a-practical-approach-to-programmatic-assessment-design
#18
A A Timmerman, J Dijkstra
Assessment of complex tasks integrating several competencies calls for a programmatic design approach. As single instruments do not provide the information required to reach a robust judgment of integral performance, 73 guidelines for programmatic assessment design were developed. When simultaneously applying these interrelated guidelines, it is challenging to keep a clear overview of all assessment activities. The goal of this study was to provide practical support for applying a programmatic approach to assessment design, not bound to any specific educational paradigm...
January 24, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116024/demographics-and-fellowship-training-of-residency-leadership-in-em-a-descriptive-analysis
#19
Josh Greenstein, Ross Hardy, Jerel Chacko, Abbas Husain
INTRODUCTION: Emergency medicine (EM) fellowships are becoming increasingly numerous, and there is a growing trend among EM residents to pursue postgraduate fellowship training. Scant data have been published on the prevalence of postgraduate training among emergency physicians. We aimed to describe the prevalence and regional variation of fellowships among EM residency leadership. METHODS: We conducted an online anonymous survey that was sent to the Council of EM Residency Directors (CORD) membership in October 2014...
January 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110618/expanding-ambulatory-care-pharmacy-residency-education-through-a-multisite-university-affiliated-model
#20
Sarah K Schweiss, Sarah M Westberg, Jean Y Moon, Todd D Sorensen
INTRODUCTION: As the health-care system evolves and shifts to value-based payment systems, there is a recognized need to increase the number of ambulatory care trained pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the administrative structure of the University of Minnesota Postgraduate Year 1 (PGY1) Pharmacy Residency program and to encourage adoption of similar models nationally in order to expand ambulatory care residency training opportunities and meet the demand for pharmacist practitioners...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
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