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postgraduate medical education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718723/core-addiction-medicine-competencies-for-doctors-an-international-consultation-on-training
#1
Astri Parawita Ayu, Nady El-Guebaly, Arnt Schellekens, Cor De Jong, Gabrielle Welle-Strand, William Small, Evan Wood, Walter Cullen, Jan Klimas
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of substance use disorders, associated comorbidities and the evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not invested in standardised training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine. As a result, people with substance use disorders often receive inadequate care, at the cost of quality of life and enormous direct health care costs and indirect societal costs. Therefore, we undertook this study to assess the views of international scholars, representing different countries, on the core set of addiction medicine competencies that need to be covered in medical education...
July 18, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705485/trainees-as-agents-of-change-in-the-opioid-epidemic-optimizing-the-opioid-prescription-practices-of-surgical-residents
#2
Alexander S Chiu, James M Healy, Michael P DeWane, Walter E Longo, Peter S Yoo
OBJECTIVE: Opioid abuse has become an epidemic in the United States, causing nearly 50,000 deaths a year. Postoperative pain is an unavoidable consequence of most surgery, and surgeons must balance the need for sufficient analgesia with the risks of overprescribing. Prescribing narcotics is often the responsibility of surgical residents, yet little is known about their opioid-prescribing habits, influences, and training experience. DESIGN: Anonymous online survey that assessed the amounts of postoperative opioid prescribed by residents, including type of analgesia, dosage, and number of pills, for a series of common general surgery procedures...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698490/birth-trends-among-female-physicians-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-survey-from-1996-to-2013
#3
Yi-Jen Wang, Shu-Chiung Chiang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Li-Fang Chou, Shinn-Jang Hwang, Jui-Yao Liu
Background: Although more and more women are becoming physicians, their decisions regarding pregnancy may be affected by the lengthy period of medical education and postgraduate training. The aim of this study was to explore the birth trends among female physicians in Taiwan; Methods: Retrospective analyses of maternal ages at delivery from 1996 to 2013, both for physicians and the general population, were conducted using a nationwide dataset called National Health Insurance Research Database; Results: During the study period, 8540 female physicians were identified...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697744/e-learning-in-graduate-medical-education-survey-of-residency-program-directors
#4
Christopher M Wittich, Anoop Agrawal, David A Cook, Andrew J Halvorsen, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Saima Chaudhry, Denise M Dupras, Amy S Oxentenko, Thomas J Beckman
BACKGROUND: E-learning-the use of Internet technologies to enhance knowledge and performance-has become a widely accepted instructional approach. Little is known about the current use of e-learning in postgraduate medical education. To determine utilization of e-learning by United States internal medicine residency programs, program director (PD) perceptions of e-learning, and associations between e-learning use and residency program characteristics. METHODS: We conducted a national survey in collaboration with the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine of all United States internal medicine residency programs...
July 11, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693631/palliative-care-education-in-latin-america-a-systematic-review-of-training-programs-for-healthcare-professionals
#5
Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Rosa Mertnoff, Cristina Lasmarias, Xavier Gómez-Batiste
OBJECTIVE: The integration of palliative care (PC) education into medical and nursing curricula has been identified as an international priority. PC education has undergone significant development in Latin America, but gaps in the integration of PC courses into undergraduate and postgraduate curricula remain. The aim of our review was to systematically examine the delivery of PC education in Latin America in order to explore the content and method of delivery of current PC programs, identify gaps in the availability of education opportunities, and document common barriers encountered in the course of their implementation...
July 11, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690688/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-to-brazil-of-the-scale-of-attitudes-toward-physician-pharmacists-collaboration
#6
Luiza Cunha, Sabrina Neves, Tatiane C Marques, Dyego Araújo, Thaciana Alcantara, Divaldo P Lyra
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing complexity of medication therapies and the expansion of pharmaceutical clinical services to optimize patient care working in collaboration with physicians. In this sense, interdisciplinary education has been encouraged. However, no instrument is available to measure attitudes toward collaborative relationships. OBJECTIVE: To translate, cross-cultural adaptation and validation an instrument to measure collaboration attitudes toward students of medicine/pharmacy and physicians/pharmacists...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688968/are-surgical-milestone-assessments-predictive-of-in-training-examination-scores
#7
Mary K Kimbrough, Carol R Thrush, Emily Barrett, Frederick R Bentley, Kevin W Sexton
OBJECTIVES: With the recent utilization of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education developmental milestones as part of resident evaluation, we sought to explore whether milestone-based ratings were associated with American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE) scores. METHODS: Mid-year milestone ratings were obtained from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Accreditation Database System for years 2014, 2015, and 2016 for all postgraduate years 1-5 general surgery residents in our program and paired with ABSITE scores (n = 69) from January of the following year...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682507/taking-on-the-doctor-role-in-whole-task-simulation
#8
Maggie Bartlett, Simon P Gay, Ruth Kinston, Robert McKinley
BACKGROUND: Untimed simulated primary care consultations focusing on safe and effective clinical outcomes were first introduced into undergraduate medical education in Otago, New Zealand, in 2004. We extended this concept and included a secondary care version for final-year students. We offer students opportunities to manage entire consultations, which include making and implementing clinical decisions with simulated patients (SPs). Formative feedback is given by SPs on the achievement of pre-determined outcomes and by faculty members on clinical decision making, medical record keeping and case presentation...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680774/diabetic-ketoacidosis-an-emergency-medicine-simulation-scenario
#9
Reuben Addison, Tate Skinner, Felix Zhou, Michael Parsons
Simulation provides a safe environment where learning is enhanced through the deliberate practice of skills and controlled management of a variety of clinical encounters. This is particularly important for core cases and low-frequency, high-stakes procedures and encounters. Competency-based medical education has seen widespread adoption in the field along with ongoing work in the areas of undergraduate and postgraduate training. Similarly, effective professional development activities stand to benefit greatly from a more stringent integration of simulation and competency-based approaches...
May 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680362/medical-biochemistry-as-subdiscipline-of-laboratory-medicine-in-serbia
#10
Snežana Jovičić, Nada Majkić-Singh
Medical biochemistry is the usual name for clinical biochemistry or clinical chemistry in Serbia, and medical biochemist is the official name for the clinical chemist (or clinical biochemist). This is the largest sub-discipline of the laboratory medicine in Serbia. It includes all aspects of clinical chemistry, and also laboratory hematology with coagulation, immunology, etc. Medical biochemistry laboratories in Serbia and medical biochemists as a profession are part of Health Care System and their activities are regulated through: the Health Care Law and rules issued by the Chamber of Medical Biochemists of Serbia...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678134/protected-time-for-research-during-orthopaedic-residency-correlates-with-an-increased-number-of-resident-publications
#11
Benjamin R Williams, Julie A Agel, Ann E Van Heest
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requires orthopaedic residency programs to promote scholarship and research, which manifest differently among programs. We assess the impact of protected research time during orthopaedic residency on the number of resident publications. METHODS: Rotation schedules and resident names were collected from 125 ACGME-accredited U.S. orthopaedic residency programs. Protected research time was classified as 1 of 3 types: (1) block time, (2) longitudinal time, or (3) no dedicated time...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678133/the-fourth-year-of-medical-school-time-for-reassessment-aoa-critical-issues
#12
Benjamin A Alman, James J Purtill, Vincent D Pellegrini, Peter Scoles
Most U.S. medical schools follow the 4-year model, consisting of 2 preclinical years, core clinical experience, and a fourth year intended to permit students to increase clinical competency, to explore specialty areas, and to transition to residency. Although the design and delivery of Years 1 through 3 have evolved to meet new challenges and expectations, the structure of Year 4 remains largely unchanged. For most students considering a career in orthopaedics, Year 4 is a series of elective rotations in which educational objectives become secondary to interviewing for residency programs...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676138/european-core-curriculum-in-neurorehabilitation
#13
Giorgio Sandrini, H Binder, Volker Hömberg, Leopold Saltuari, I Tarkka, Nicola Smania, C Corradini, A Giustini, Christian Kätterer, L Picari, Karin Diserens, E Koenig, A Geurts, Aurelian Anghelescu, Józef Opara, P Tonin, Gert Kwakkel, Volodymyr Golyk, G Onose, Dominique Pérennou, A Picelli
To date, medical education lacks Europe-wide standards on neurorehabilitation. To address this, the European Federation of NeuroRehabilitation Societies (EFNR) here proposes a postgraduate neurorehabilitation training scheme. In particular, the European medical core curriculum in neurorehabilitation should include a two-year residency in a neurorehabilitation setting where trainees can gain practical experience. Furthermore, it should comprise six modules of classroom training organized as weekend seminars or summer/winter schools...
April 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666959/a-multicenter-prospective-comparison-of-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-milestones-clinical-competency-committee-vs-resident-self-assessment
#14
Ryan S Watson, Andrew J Borgert, Colette T O Heron, Kara J Kallies, Richard A Sidwell, John D Mellinger, Amit R Joshi, Joseph M Galante, Lowell W Chambers, Jon B Morris, Robert K Josloff, Marc L Melcher, George M Fuhrman, Kyla P Terhune, Lily Chang, Elizabeth M Ferguson, Edward D Auyang, Kevin R Patel, Benjamin T Jarman
OBJECTIVE: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires accredited residency programs to implement competency-based assessments of medical trainees based upon nationally established Milestones. Clinical competency committees (CCC) are required to prepare biannual reports using the Milestones and ensure reporting to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Previous research demonstrated a strong correlation between CCC and resident scores on the Milestones at 1 institution...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661887/getting-by-with-a-little-help-from-friends-and-colleagues-testing-how-residents-social-support-networks-affect-loneliness-and-burnout
#15
Eamonn Rogers, Andrea N Polonijo, Richard M Carpiano
OBJECTIVE: To determine how residents' relationships with their sources of social support (ie, family, friends, and colleagues) affect levels of burnout and loneliness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Faculty of Medicine at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 198 physician-trainees in the university's postgraduate medical education program. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Residents' personal and work-related burnout scores (measured using items from the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory); loneliness (measured using a 3-item loneliness scale); and social support (assessed with the Lubben Social Network Scale, version 6)...
November 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656331/-master-trainer-concept-structured-specialist-further-education-a-joint-project-of-the-german-professional-associations-of-internal-medicine-surgeons-and-orthopedic-trauma-surgeons
#16
REVIEW
M Siebolds, J Ansorg, R Dittmar, N Hennes, T Radau, S Ruff, M D Denkinger
BACKGROUND: The quality requirements in the practice of postgradual medical further education below the normal level of the further education regulations is a barely developed scientific field in Germany. A systematic use of internationally accepted scientific evidence barely exists. AIM: This research and development project was initiated in 2001 in order to be able to implement a practical but evidence-based model compatible with the existing structure of postgradual medical education...
June 27, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644781/teaching-clinical-ethics-at-the-bedside-william-osler-and-the-essential-role-of-the-hospitalist
#17
Matthew William McCarthy, Joseph J Fins
As the field of hospital medicine celebrates its twenty-first anniversary, we believe it is time to expand its mission to play an even greater role in medical education. Given hospitalists' proximity to students and clinical material, members of this growing cohort of physicians are uniquely positioned to teach normative reasoning, professionalism, communication, and medical ethics in real time to trainees on the wards. But, to do so, we must reimagine the role of the hospitalist in graduate and postgraduate medical education...
June 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640031/identifying-gaps-in-the-performance-of-pediatric-trainees-who-receive-marginal-unsatisfactory-ratings
#18
Su-Ting T Li, Daniel J Tancredi, Alan Schwartz, Ann Guillot, Ann Burke, R Franklin Trimm, Susan Guralnick, John D Mahan, Kimberly A Gifford
PURPOSE: To perform a derivation study to determine in which subcompetencies marginal/unsatisfactory pediatric residents had the greatest deficits compared with their satisfactorily performing peers and which subcompetencies best discriminated between marginal/unsatisfactory and satisfactorily performing residents. METHOD: Multi-institutional cohort study of all 21 milestones (rated on four or five levels) reported to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and global marginal/unsatisfactory versus satisfactory performance reported to the American Board of Pediatrics...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640027/exploring-integration-in-action-competencies-as-building-blocks-of-expertise
#19
Maria Mylopoulos, Debaroti Tina Borschel, Tara O'Brien, Sofia Martimianakis, Nicole N Woods
PURPOSE: Competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS roles and the ACGME core competencies may lead to the implicit assumption that physicians can learn and practice individual competencies in isolation. In contrast, models of adaptive expertise suggest that the integration of competencies reflects the capabilities of an expert physician. Thus, educational programming aimed at teaching discrete roles or competencies might overlook expert physician capabilities that are central to patient care...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634908/an-entrustable-professional-activity-epa-based-framework-to-prepare-fourth-year-medical-students-for-internal-medicine-careers
#20
D Michael Elnicki, Meenakshy K Aiyer, Maria L Cannarozzi, Alexander Carbo, Paul R Chelminski, Shobhina G Chheda, Saumil M Chudgar, Heather E Harrell, L Chad Hood, Michelle Horn, Karnjit Johl, Gregory C Kane, Diana B McNeill, Marty D Muntz, Anne G Pereira, Emily Stewart, Heather Tarantino, T Robert Vu
The purpose of the fourth year of medical school remains controversial. Competing demands during this transitional phase cause confusion for students and educators. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) released 13 Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency (CEPAERs). A committee comprising members of the Clerkship Directors in Internal Medicine and the Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine applied these principles to preparing students for internal medicine residencies...
June 20, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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