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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914679/postgraduate-education-in-radiation-oncology-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
J G Eriksen
Radiation therapy is one of the most cost-effective ways to treat cancer patients on both a curative and palliative basis in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite this, the gap in radiation oncology capacity is enormous and is even increasing due to a rapid rise in the incidence of cancer cases in LMICs. The urgent need for radiotherapy resources in terms of bunkers and megavoltage machines is important, but equally important is the tremendous lack of properly educated health care professionals...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909633/the-hidden-curriculum-exposing-the-unintended-lessons-of-medical-education
#2
Laura Hopkins, Lana Saciragic, Joanna Kim, Glenn Posner
INTRODUCTION:  The hidden curriculum is a set of ethical, moral, and value-based teachings communicated to doctors-in-training, providing a basis for their future interactions with patients, peers, and colleagues. The aim of our study is to introduce the concept of the hidden curriculum to a cohort of third-year medical students and to subsequently evaluate their understanding. In particular, we sought to measure and benchmark the degree of hidden curriculum recognition within a Canadian medical education context...
October 25, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904260/sonographic-identification-of-peripheral-nerves-in-the-forearm
#3
Saundra A Jackson, Charlotte Derr, Anthony De Lucia, Marvin Harris, Zuheily Closser, Branko Miladinovic, Rahul Mhaskar, Theresa Jorgensen, Lori Green
BACKGROUND: With the growing utilization of ultrasonography in emergency medicine combined with the concern over adequate pain management in the emergency department (ED), ultrasound guidance for peripheral nerve blockade in ED is an area of increasing interest. The medical literature has multiple reports supporting the use of ultrasound guidance in peripheral nerve blocks. However, to perform a peripheral nerve block, one must first be able to reliably identify the specific nerve before the procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896914/an-innovative-textbook-design-and-implementation
#4
Rafael Ortega, Vafa Akhtar-Khavari, Paul Barash, Sam Sharar, M Christine Stock
BACKGROUND: The 'flipped classroom' instructional strategy has gained much momentum in educational discourse, yet no single educational offering exists in postgraduate medical education (PME) to systematically replace the lecture element of didactic sessions. This article describes the design and implementation of Clinical Anesthesia Fundamentals, the first known textbook in PME addressing this gap in resources through the integration of full-length interactive multimedia-enhanced video lectures...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895840/the-malawi-hybrid-medical-graduates-1992-1998
#5
Adelola Adeloye
In April 1991, the Malawi College of Medicine opened its doors to Malawi medical students who had undertaken all but the final year of their undergraduate training in the United Kingdom. The first batch qualified with the MB BS degrees of the University of Malawi in September 1992. Since then and up to July 1998, 112 doctors have been produced. They are all Malawians, 90 males and 22 females, 29%, 31% and 40% respectively come from the Northern, Central and Southern regions of Malawi. Seventy-one per cent of the graduates had passed through Chancellor College, Zomba, and 27% had attended the Kamuzu Academy, Kasunga, Malawi...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891353/association-of-c-reactive-protein-rs1205-gene-polymorphism-with-susceptibility-to-psoriasis-in-south-indian-tamils
#6
Anjana Sudhesan, Medha Rajappa, Laxmisha Chandrashekar, Palghat Hariharan Ananthanarayanan, Devinder Mohan Thappa, Santhosh Satheesh, Adithan Chandrasekaran, Panneer Devaraju
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a multi-factorial heritable T-helper Th-1/Th-17 mediated inflammatory disease, affecting the skin. It is associated with co-morbidities such as Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a good inflammatory marker. CRP rs1205 polymorphism is associated with circulating plasma CRP levels. Although there is association between the rs1205 Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) and CVD, there are no prior reports regarding the association of CRP rs1205 SNP with psoriasis susceptibility...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890870/improving-the-quality-of-postgraduate-education-in-traditional-japanese-kampo-medicine-for-junior-residents-an-exploratory-survey-conducted-in-five-institutions-in-the-tohoku-area
#7
Shin Takayama, Seiichi Kobayashi, Soichiro Kaneko, Masao Tabata, Shinya Sato, Keiichi Ishikawa, Saya Suzuki, Ryutaro Arita, Natsumi Saito, Tetsuharu Kamiya, Hitoshi Nishikawa, Yuka Ikeno, Junichi Tanaka, Minoru Ohsawa, Akiko Kikuchi, Takehiro Numata, Hitoshi Kuroda, Michiaki Abe, Satoru Ishibashi, Nobuo Yaegashi, Tadashi Ishii
Traditional Japanese (Kampo) medicine has been widely applied in general medicine in Japan. In 2001, the model core curriculum for Japanese medical education was revised to include Kampo medicine. Since 2007, all 80 Japanese medical schools have incorporated it within their programs. However, postgraduate training or instruction of Kampo medicine has not been recognized as a goal for the clinical training of junior residents by Japan's Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare; little is known about postgraduate Kampo medicine education...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886973/using-the-acgme-milestones-for-resident-self-evaluation-and-faculty-engagement
#8
REVIEW
Andreas H Meier, Angelika Gruessner, Robert N Cooney
BACKGROUND: Since July 2014 General Surgery residency programs have been required to use the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones twice annually to assess the progress of their trainees. We felt this change was a great opportunity to use this new evaluation tool for resident self-assessment and to furthermore engage the faculty in the educational efforts of the program. METHODS: We piloted the milestones with postgraduate year (PGY) II and IV residents during the 2013/2014 academic year to get faculty and residents acquainted with the instrument...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886970/surgical-residency-recruitment-opportunities-for-improvement
#9
REVIEW
Amit R T Joshi, Daniel Vargo, Amy Mathis, Jeffrey N Love, Teena Dhir, Paula M Termuhlen
INTRODUCTION: The Association of Program Directors in Surgery convened a panel during Surgical Education Week 2016 to discuss the current state of the general surgery residency application process and to review alternative ways to evaluate the suitability of each applicant to a residency program. METHODS/RESULTS: Over 40,000 applicants registered for the National Resident Matching Program's 2016 Main Residency Match. General Surgery had 2345 applicants for 1241 categorical postgraduate year (PGY)-1 positions, and 1239 of those positions were filled when the matching algorithm was processed...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884788/the-virtual-dissecting-room-creating-highly-detailed-anatomy-models-for-educational-purposes
#10
Marijn Zilverschoon, Koen L Vincken, Ronald L A W Bleys
INTRODUCTION: Virtual 3D models are powerful tools for teaching anatomy. At the present day, there are a lot of different digital anatomy models, most of these commercial applications are based on a 3D model of a human body reconstructed from images with a 1 millimeter intervals. The use of even smaller intervals may result in more details and more realistic appearances of 3D anatomy models. The aim of this study was to create a realistic and highly detailed 3D model of the hand and wrist based on small interval cross-sectional images, suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate teaching purposes with the possibility to perform a virtual dissection in an educational application...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882593/can-colleagues-patients-and-supervisors-assessments-predict-successful-completion-of-postgraduate-medical-training
#11
Sathya Naidoo, Safiatu Lopes, Fiona Patterson, Helen M Mead, Sheona MacLeod
BACKGROUND: Workplace-based assessments (WPBAs) are widely used in postgraduate training programmes internationally. WPBAs can function as both an assessment and an educational tool. Although some WPBAs are a mandatory requirement of approved curricula (as in the UK), little previous research has explored the extent to which such assessments are associated with adverse outcomes in postgraduate training. The present study examines whether the assessment element of Multisource Feedback, Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire and Educational Supervisors Review ratings can indicate if a trainee is likely to experience difficulty in successfully completing their planned training programme (i...
November 23, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878918/survey-of-antipsychotic-medication-curriculum-content-in-australian-university-nursing-programmes
#12
Paul Morrison, Norman J Stomski, Margaret McAllister, Dianne Wynaden, Catherine Hungerford, Kim Usher, Phil Maude, Andrew Crowther, Robert Batterbee
Antipsychotic medication has long been one of the first-line interventions for people with serious mental illness, with outcomes including reductions in symptoms and relapse rates. More recently, however, questions have been raised about the efficacy of antipsychotic medications, especially in light of their side-effect profile. Such questions have implications for the nurses administering antipsychotic medications, particularly in relation to their knowledge of the antipsychotic medication, its efficacy, and side-effect profile...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872034/test-enhanced-e-learning-strategies-in-postgraduate-medical-education-a-randomized-cohort-study
#13
Lisa A DelSignore, Traci A Wolbrink, David Zurakowski, Jeffrey P Burns
BACKGROUND: The optimal design of pedagogical strategies for e-learning in graduate and postgraduate medical education remains to be determined. Video-based e-learning use is increasing, with initial research suggesting that taking short breaks while watching videos (independent of answering test questions) may improve learning by focusing attention on the content presented. Interspersed test questions may also improve knowledge acquisition and retention. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of interspersed test questions and periodic breaks on immediate knowledge acquisition and retention at 6 months by pediatric residents engaged in video-based e-learning...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855084/what-shape-do-uk-trainees-want-their-training-to-be-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Rhiannon L Harries, Mustafa Rashid, Peter Smitham, Alex Vesey, Richard McGregor, Karl Scheeres, Jon Bailey, Syed Mohammed Afzal Sohaib, Matthew Prior, Jonathan Frost, Walid Al-Deeb, Gana Kugathasan, Vimal J Gokani
OBJECTIVES: The British Government is acting on recommendations to overhaul postgraduate training to meet the needs of the changing population, to produce generalist doctors undergoing shorter broad-based training (Greenaway Review). Only 45 doctors in training were involved in the consultation process. This study aims to obtain a focused perspective on the proposed reforms by doctors in training from across specialities. DESIGN: Prospective, questionnaire-based cross-sectional study...
October 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845505/education-of-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-specialists-across-europe-a-call-for-harmonisation
#15
Carlotte Kiekens, Maximiliaan Moyaert, Maria G Ceravolo, Sasa Moslavac, Alvydas Juocevicius, Nicolas Christodoulou, Stefano Negrini
BACKGROUND: PRM is well established in Europe and officially recognised by the Union Européenne des Médecins Spécialistes (UEMS). The European PRM Board works to promote patient safety and quality of care through the development of the highest standards of medical training and healthcare across Europe as well as the harmonisation of PRM specialists' qualifications. In its Action Plan for 2014-2018, the UEMS PRM Board has included the harmonisation of the PRM curriculum among the EU countries, as one of its main goals...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#16
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
November 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843857/attitude-of-would-be-medical-graduates-toward-rural-health-services-an-assessment-from-government-medical-colleges-in-chhattisgarh
#17
Meeta Jain, Shubhra Agrawal Gupta, Anil Kumar Gupta, Pritam Roy
BACKGROUND: Understanding the attitude toward rural health care among future medical graduates, the health workforce of the near future, is an important exercise. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to understand the attitude of third year MBBS students in a Government Medical College of Chhattisgarh toward rural health services. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 using a semi-open-ended questionnaire. The analysis was primarily descriptive, and nonparametric test of significance was used...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825662/talk-the-talk-implementing-a-communication-curriculum-for-surgical-residents
#18
Anna B Newcomb, Amber W Trickey, Melissa Porrey, Jeffrey Wright, Franco Piscitani, Paula Graling, Jonathan Dort
OBJECTIVES: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education milestones provide a framework of specific interpersonal and communication skills that surgical trainees should aim to master. However, training and assessment of resident nontechnical skills remains challenging. We aimed to develop and implement a curriculum incorporating interactive learning principles such as group discussion and simulation-based scenarios to formalize instruction in patient-centered communication skills, and to identify best practices when building such a program...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812071/physical-therapy-as-a-profession-and-its-educational-development-in-pakistan
#19
Aamir Raoof Memon, Nasir Mansoor Sahibzada, Muhammad Ehab Azim, Furqan Ahmed Siddiqui
Physical therapists work in different medical and related settings and serve to maintain and restore functional capability. Pakistan has a disability rate of 2.65% with a total of around 5.035 million disabled people. Physical therapy as a profession started in 1956 at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre with a 2-year diploma, later on 4 years bachelors programme was also started. In 2008, doctor of physical therapy programme was initiated. The representative body "Pakistan Physical Therapy Association" was also established in 2008 which then joined the World Confederation for Physical Therapy in 2011...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805949/creating-a-cadre-of-fellowship-trained-medical-educators-part-ii-a-formal-needs-assessment-to-structure-postgraduate-fellowships-in-medical-education-scholarship-and-leadership
#20
Jaime Jordan, Lalena M Yarris, Sally A Santen, Todd A Guth, Steven Rougas, Daniel P Runde, Wendy C Coates
PURPOSE: Education leaders at the 2012 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference on education research proposed that dedicated postgraduate education scholarship fellowships (ESFs) might provide an effective model for developing future faculty as scholars. A formal needs assessment was performed to understand the training gap and inform the development of ESFs. METHOD: A mixed-methods needs assessment was conducted of four emergency medicine national stakeholder groups in 2013: department chairs; faculty education/research leaders; existing education fellowship directors; and current education fellows/graduates...
November 1, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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