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anesthesia and psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910175/postanesthesia-evaluation-of-emotional-and-psychological-satisfaction-in-a-hispanic-population
#1
Angela Zauner, Alvaro Pinilla, Daniel Benitez, Alejandra Tellez, David Romero, Ana Suarez, Vanessa López, Eduardo Hermida
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction has a positive impact on clinical care. Different strategies, such as questionnaires, have been developed to evaluate and improve patient satisfaction. A validated pediatric anesthesia questionnaire previously showed the importance of perioperative care built upon a relationship of trust between healthcare providers and children and parents, and a comfortable environment in which satisfactory answers are provided. However, the questionnaire was validated in English, and no research exists on the use of satisfaction questionnaires in Spanish...
December 2, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809817/a-personality-trait-contributes-to-the-occurrence-of-postoperative-delirium-a-prospective-study
#2
Jung Eun Shin, Sunghyon Kyeong, Jong-Seok Lee, Jin Young Park, Woo Suk Lee, Jae-Jin Kim, Kyu Hyun Yang
BACKGROUND: Although various physical risk factors for delirium have been identified, the effect of psychological aspects is currently unknown. This study aimed to examine psychological risk factors for postoperative delirium and to identify hidden subgroups of delirium in clinical and psychological feature space. METHODS: Among 200 patients with hip fracture, 78 elderly patients were prospectively evaluated for clinical and psychological assessments before surgery...
November 3, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805892/relationship-between-child-and-parental-dental-anxiety-with-child-s-psychological-functioning-and-behavior-during-the-administration-of-local-anesthesia
#3
Boka Vasiliki, Arapostathis Konstantinos, Kotsanos Nikolaos, Karagiannis Vassilis, van Loveren Cor, Veerkamp Jaap
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to determine: 1) the relationship between children's psychological functioning, dental anxiety and cooperative behavior before and during local anesthesia, 2) the relationship of parental dental anxiety with all the above child characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: There was a convenient sample of 100 children (4-12 years). Child dental anxiety and psychological functioning were measured using the "Children's Fear Survey Schedule" (CFSS-DS) and the "Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire" (SDQ) respectively...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719852/functional-coma
#4
L Ludwig, L McWhirter, S Williams, C Derry, J Stone
Functional coma - here defined as a prolonged motionless dissociative attack with absent or reduced response to external stimuli - is a relatively rare presentation. In this chapter we examine a wide range of terms used to describe states of unresponsiveness in which psychologic factors are relevant to etiology, such as depressive stupor, catatonia, nonepileptic "pseudostatus," and factitious disorders, and discuss the place of functional or psychogenic coma among these. Historically, diagnosis of functional coma has sometimes been reached after prolonged investigation and exclusion of other diagnoses...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680060/-strategy-and-prospective-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-for-esophageal-cancer
#5
Yin Li
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a patient-centered, surgeon-led system combining anesthesia, nursing, nutrition and psychology. It aims to minimize surgical stress and maintain physiological function in perioperative care, thereby expediting recovery. ERAS theory has been clinically applied for nearly 20 years and it is firstly used in colorectal surgery, then widely used in other surgical fields. However, ERAS is not used commonly in esophagectomy because of its surgical complexity and high morbidity of postoperative complications, which limits the application of ERAS in the field of esophagectomy...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663539/postoperative-delirium-following-orthognathic-surgery-in-a-young-patient
#6
Fernanda Herrera da Costa, Paulo Adilson Herrera, Cecília Luiz Pereira-Stabile, Glaykon Alex Vitti Stabile
Delirium is an organic mental syndrome with acute onset characterized by diffuse brain dysfunction and neural activity disorganization. It is usually related to cognition and perception changes, decreased level of consciousness, and disorganization of thoughts that are unrelated to previous dementia. Occurrence is more frequent in patients with previous degenerative disease and elderly patients, especially those older than 85 years. Although the pathophysiology is not totally known, studies have shown that, among the main factors that lead to delirium, the drugs used for general anesthesia induction are the most relevant (hypnotics, anticholinergic drugs, and H2 receptor blockers), especially those used in long surgical procedures...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659764/-when-a-patient-falls-asleep-and-can-t-get-up-conversion-disorder-paraplegia-following-general-anesthesia
#7
Chawla LaToya Mason
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This case report describes the rare occurrence of paraplegia caused by conversion disorder in a woman who received general anesthesia for breast surgery. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old healthy woman received general anesthesia for excision of a left breast fibroepithelial lesion. In the post-anesthesia care unit, she reported bilateral loss of both sensation and motor function below the knees. Physical signs and symptoms did not correlate with any anatomical or neurological patterns; imaging revealed no abnormalities...
September 19, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626008/the-impact-of-psychological-factors-on-device-removal-surgery
#8
Mohammadreza Golbakhsh, Mirmostafa Sadaat, Fatemeh Noughani, Ahmadreza Mirbolook, Amirmohammad Gholizadeh, Sadegh Abedi
BACKGROUND: Implant removal is a common procedure in orthopedic surgery which can be associated with many complications such as scar formation, hematoma, nerve injury, infection, and refracture. Indications for orthopedic implant removal have declined in recent years. Most studies have considered orthopedic hardware removal as an unnecessary procedure in the absence of severe complications such as nonunion. Some studies have reported the complications of orthopedic hardware removal to be 24% to 50% dependent on their types and locations as well as on other factors such as patient's condition and the orthopedist's experience...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614719/-facial-trauma-and-injury-in-children
#9
M-P Vazquez, N Kadlub, V Soupre, E Galliani, C Neiva-Vaz, I Pavlov, A Picard
Facial traumas are common in children but often unconsidered. Facial injury is responsible of impressive bleeding because of the rich vascularization of the face; this bleeding is often underestimated because of the immediate arterial vasoconstriction that is very strong for children. The blood volume is 80ml/kg for a newborn, with a total of 250ml, reaching 70ml/kg at one year of age. The evaluation must be rigorously performed due to the risk of a sudden decompensation. Regarding the wounds, the primary repair must be performed directly neat or optimal in case of damaged tissues...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610299/successful-management-of-dexmedetomidine-for-postoperative-intensive-care-sedation-in-a-patient-with-anti-nmda-receptor-encephalitis-a-case-report-and-animal-experiment
#10
Daiki Yamanaka, Takashi Kawano, Hiroki Tateiwa, Hideki Iwata, Fabricio M Locatelli, Masataka Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) encephalitis is a recently identified but increasingly recognized autoimmune paraneoplastic disease. Because these patients present complex neuropsychiatric symptoms due to NMDA-R dysfunction, the optimal methods of sedation/anesthesia remain controversial. Here, we present animal experiment data, along with a related case report, implying the safe and effective use of dexmedetomidine in patients with anti-NMDA-R encephalitis. FINDINGS: (1) Animal experiment: in order to investigate whether dexmedetomidine may interfere with NMDA-R activity, an NMDA antagonist (MK-801) model in rats was used to simulate anti-NMDA-R encephalitis...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579281/the-cortisol-level-and-its-relationship-with-depression-stress-and-anxiety-indices-in-chronic-methamphetamine-dependent-patients-and-normal-individuals-undergoing-inguinal-hernia-surgery
#11
Bijan Pirnia, Fatemeh Givi, Rasool Roshan, Kambiz Pirnia, Ali Akbar Soleimani
BACKGROUND: Stimulants addition and abuse can cause some functional and morphological changes in the normal function of glands and hormones. Methamphetamine as an addictive stimulant drug affects the Hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and consequently makes some changes in the psychological state of the drug users. The present study aims to examine the relationship between plasma levels of cortisol with depression, stress and anxiety symptoms in chronic methamphetamine-dependent patients and normal individuals who have undergone the inguinal hernia surgery...
2016: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551843/functional-and-psychological-impact-of-nasal-bone-fractures-sustained-during-sports-activities-a-survey-of-87-patients
#12
Paul Lennon, Sam Jaber, John E Fenton
Nasal bone fractures that require reduction are a common sequela of sports injuries. We conducted a survey to ascertain the outcomes of patients who had experienced a nasal bone fracture and who subsequently underwent manipulation under anesthesia. We reviewed data on 217 nasal bone fractures that had been seen at our institution over a 3-year period. Of these, 133 (61.3%) had occurred as a result of a sports activity. Thirty of the 133 patients (22.6%) had been managed conservatively, while the other 103 (77...
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545658/-surgical-management-of-animal-bites-in-children
#13
S Touzet-Roumazeille, L Jayyosi, Y Plenier, E Guyot, T Guillard, C François
Children represent a population at risk, because of their short size, their naivety and their attraction to animals. The face and hands are the most specific locations in young children. Wounds are often multiple. In more than half the cases, the child knows the animal, which are dogs and cats by frequency argument. The bite episode occurs mostly when the child is alone with the pet without direct supervision, while playing or stroking the animal. As in all bites, pediatric lesions are infectious, functional and aesthetic emergencies, but the goal of this work was primarily to make a point on principles of surgical management of animal bites in children, highlighting pediatric specificities...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484458/dreaming-under-anesthesia-is-it-a-real-possiblity-investigation-of-the-effect-of-preoperative-imagination-on-the-quality-of-postoperative-dream-recalls
#14
Judit Gyulaházi, Pál Redl, Zsolt Karányi, Katalin Varga, Béla Fülesdi
BACKGROUND: Images evoked immediately before the induction of anesthesia by means of suggestions may influence dreaming during anesthesia. This study is a retrospective re-evaluation of the original prospective randomized trial. METHODS: Dream reports were studied in two groups. In group 1. dreams of patients who received suggestions, and in group 2, those of the control group of patients who did not. The incidence of dream reports and the characteristics and the theme of the reported dreams were compared among the groups...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367998/recovery-3-and-12-months-after-hysterectomy-epidemiology-and-predictors-of-chronic-pain-physical-functioning-and-global-surgical-recovery
#15
Maurice Theunissen, Madelon L Peters, Jan Schepers, Jacques W M Maas, Fleur Tournois, Hans A van Suijlekom, Hans-Fritz Gramke, Marco A E Marcus
Chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is 1 important aspect of surgical recovery. To improve perioperative care and postoperative recovery knowledge on predictors of impaired recovery is essential. The aim of this study is to assess predictors and epidemiological data of CPSP, physical functioning (SF-36PF, 0-100), and global surgical recovery (global surgical recovery index, 0-100%) 3 and 12 months after hysterectomy for benign indication.A prospective multicenter cohort study was performed. Sociodemographic, somatic, and psychosocial data were assessed in the week before surgery, postoperatively up to day 4, and at 3- and 12-month follow-up...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343796/psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-the-post-anesthesia-recovery-unit
#16
Juan A Ramos, Sorin J Brull
INTRODUCTION: Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES or "pseudoseizures") remain an obscure topic in the peri-operative setting. They are sudden and time-limited motor and cognitive disturbances, which mimic epileptic seizures, but are psychogenically mediated. Pseudoseizures occur more frequently than epilepsy in the peri-operative setting. Early diagnosis and management may prevent iatrogenic injury. CASE: 48 year-old female with a history of depression and "seizures" presented for gynecologic surgery...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27331783/low-cost-simulation-to-teach-anesthetists-non-technical-skills-in-rwanda
#17
Teresa Skelton, Isaac Nshimyumuremyi, Christian Mukwesi, Sara Whynot, Lauren Zolpys, Patricia Livingston
BACKGROUND: Safe anesthesia care is challenging in developing countries where there are shortages of personnel, drugs, equipment, and training. Anesthetists' Non-technical Skills (ANTS)-task management, team working, situation awareness, and decision making-are difficult to practice well in this context. Cesarean delivery is the most common surgical procedure in sub-Saharan Africa. This pilot study investigates whether a low-cost simulation model, with good psychological fidelity, can be used effectively to teach ANTS during cesarean delivery in Rwanda...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307962/different-aspects-of-general-anesthesia-in-pediatric-dentistry-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Nahid Ramazani
CONTEXT: Most child population is able to undergo dental treatment in the conventional setting. However, some children fail to cope with in-office conscious state and cannot respond to usual management modalities. This review aims to discuss the topic further. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A computerized search in databases PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar and Google were performed using dental general anesthesia related keywords. Original and review English-written articles that were limited to child population were retrieved without any limitation of publication date...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300456/evaluation-effectiveness-of-the-voltaic-arc-dermabrasion-in-perioral-rhytides-eradication
#19
Antonio Scarano, Carmen Mortellaro, Luan Mavriqi, Alessandro Di Cerbo
Perioral rhytides affect more than 90% of women, the impact of these problems on the patient's self-esteem can become important enough to affect quality of life in psychological and sociocultural terms. Basic science shows that skin rhytides are related to loss in quantity and function of dermal collagen fibers. An electrosurgical technology was used in this study for treatment of perioral rhytides. The authors treated 34 patients (26 women and 8 men) for perioral rhytides with voltaic arc dermabrasion technique...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27226203/-medical-and-psychological-aspects-of-the-treatment-of-connatal-dacryostenosis-parental-evaluation-of-their-own-and-their-child-s-stress
#20
J Heichel, F Bachner, G Hübner, H-G Struck, T Bredehorn-Mayr
BACKGROUND: Lacrimal probing and syringing for connatal dacryostenosis can be performed under local (LA) and general anesthesia (GA). In cases of invasive medical procedures, pain and anxiety can be distressing for children and their parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using questionnaires (n = 65), parents were asked to evaluate their own stress and that of their child during lacrimal probing and syringing. Analyzing different subgroups, the impact of the kind of anesthesia (LA vs...
June 2016: HNO
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