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Fibronectin assembly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517972/glycated-collagen-stimulates-the-differentiation-of-gingival-myofibroblasts
#1
Ignacio N Retamal, Romina Hernández, Francisco Melo, Paulina Zapata, Constanza Martínez, Jorge Martínez, Patricio C Smith
BACKGROUND: Glucose-derived metabolites may alter the structure and biological properties of important proteins in the periodontium such as collagens. As a consequence, it is possible that collagen-binding cells may change their phenotypic traits. Though the glucose derived product methylglyoxal has been detected in periodontal lesions, the precise effect of collagen glycation on gingival connective tissue biology is far from being understood. In the present study we have evaluated whether collagen glycation by methylglyoxal may affect the phenotypic properties and remodeling capacity of human gingival fibroblasts...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494966/mechanotransduction-dynamics-at-the-cell-matrix-interface
#2
Seth H Weinberg, Devin B Mair, Christopher A Lemmon
The ability of cells to sense and respond to mechanical cues from the surrounding environment has been implicated as a key regulator of cell differentiation, migration, and proliferation. The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an oft-overlooked component of the interface between cells and their surroundings. Cells assemble soluble ECM proteins into insoluble fibrils with unique mechanical properties that can alter the mechanical cues a cell receives. In this study, we construct a model that predicts the dynamics of cellular traction force generation and subsequent assembly of fibrils of the ECM protein fibronectin (FN)...
May 9, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486777/double-hydrophobic-elastin-like-polypeptides-with-added-functional-motifs-self-assembly-and-cytocompatibility
#3
Duc H T Le, Yoko Tsutsui, Ayae Sugawara-Narutaki, Hiroshi Yukawa, Yoshinobu Baba, Chikara Ohtsuki
We have recently developed a novel double-hydrophobic elastin-like triblock polypeptide called GPG, designed after the uneven distribution of two different hydrophobic domains found in elastin, an extracellular matrix protein providing elasticity and resilience to tissues. Upon temperature trigger, GPG undergoes a sequential self-assembling process to form flexible beaded nanofibers with high homogeneity and excellent dispersibility in water. Given that GPG might be a potential elastin-mimetic material, we sought to explore the biological activities of this block polypeptide...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456951/s1p-synergizes-with-wall-shear-stress-and-other-angiogenic-factors-to-induce-endothelial-cell-sprouting-responses
#4
Camille L Duran, Roland Kaunas, Kayla J Bayless
Angiogenesis is the process of new blood vessel growth from pre-existing structures. During sprout initiation, endothelial cells (ECs) are activated by pro-angiogenic factors to degrade the basement membrane, migrate into the surrounding matrix, and form structures that anastomose to connect neighboring vessels. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a biologically active lysosphingolipid that is secreted by platelets and promotes angiogenesis under normal and pathological conditions by acting on ECs. In addition to biochemical factors, the endothelium is continuously subjected to mechanical forces in the form of wall shear stress (WSS) from fluid forces...
April 30, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407433/spatiotemporal-evolution-of-the-wound-repairing-process-in-a-3d-human-dermis-equivalent
#5
Bernadette Lombardi, Costantino Casale, Giorgia Imparato, Francesco Urciuolo, Paolo Antonio Netti
Several skin equivalent models have been developed to investigate in vitro the re-epithelialization process occurring during wound healing. Although these models recapitulate closure dynamics of epithelial cells, they fail to capture how a wounded connective tissue rebuilds its 3D architecture until the evolution in a scar. Here, the in vitro tissue repair dynamics of a connective tissue is replicated by using a 3D human dermis equivalent (3D-HDE) model composed of fibroblasts embedded in their own extracellular matrix (ECM)...
April 13, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393762/engineering-a-functional-three-dimensional-human-cardiac-tissue-model-for-drug-toxicity-screening
#6
Hong Fang Lu, Meng Fatt Leong, Tze Chiun Lim, Ying Ping Chua, Jia Kai Lim, Chan Du, Andrew C A Wan
Cardiotoxicity is one of the major reasons for clinical drug attrition. In vitro tissue models that can provide efficient and accurate drug toxicity screening are highly desired for preclinical drug development and personalized therapy. Here, we report the fabrication and characterization of a human cardiac tissue model for high throughput drug toxicity studies. Cardiac tissues were fabricated via cellular self-assembly of human transgene-free induced pluripotent stem cells-derived cardiomyocytes in pre-fabricated polydimethylsiloxane molds...
May 11, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387755/transglutaminases-factor-xiii-a-and-tg2-regulate-resorption-adipogenesis-and-plasma-fibronectin-homeostasis-in-bone-and-bone-marrow
#7
Aisha Mousa, Cui Cui, Aimei Song, Vamsee D Myneni, Huifang Sun, Jin Jin Li, Monzur Murshed, Gerry Melino, Mari T Kaartinen
Appropriate bone mass is maintained by bone-forming osteoblast and bone-resorbing osteoclasts. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) lineage cells control osteoclastogenesis via expression of RANKL and OPG (receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand and osteoprotegerin), which promote and inhibit bone resorption, respectively. Protein crosslinking enzymes transglutaminase 2 (TG2) and Factor XIII-A (FXIII-A) have been linked to activity of myeloid and MSC lineage cells; however, in vivo evidence has been lacking to support their function...
May 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371271/development-of-hybrid-scaffolds-with-natural-extracellular-matrix-deposited-within-synthetic-polymeric-fibers
#8
Ritu Goyal, Maria E Vega, Alexandra K Pastino, Shivani Singh, Murat Guvendiren, Joachim Kohn, N Sanjeeva Murthy, Jean E Schwarzbauer
A major challenge of tissue engineering is to generate materials that combine bioactivity with stability in a form that captures the robust nature of native tissues. Here we describe a procedure to fabricate a novel hybrid extracellular matrix (ECM) - synthetic scaffold biomaterial by cell-mediated deposition of ECM within an electrospun fiber mat. Synthetic polymer fiber mats were fabricated using poly(desamino tyrosyl-tyrosine carbonate) (PDTEC) co-spun with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) used as a sacrificial polymer...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370666/%C3%AE-5%C3%AE-1-integrin-mediates-pulmonary-epithelial-cyst-formation
#9
Susan K Legan, Daniel D Lee, Margaret A Schwarz
BACKGROUND: Formation of the epithelial cyst involves the establishment of apical-basolateral polarity through a series of cellular interactions that are in part mediated by the extracellular matrix (ECM). We report that in a three-dimensional multi-cellular self-assembly model of lung development, α5 integrin regulates epithelial cyst formation through organization of soluble fibronectin matrix into insoluble fibrils through a process called fibrillogenesis. RESULTS: Dissociated murine embryonic lung cells self-assemble into three-dimensional pulmonary bodies that are dependent on α5β1 integrin mediated fibrillogenesis for cell-cell mediated self-assembly: compaction and epithelial cyst formation...
June 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327179/pterostilbene-prevents-akt-erk-axis-mediated-polymerization-of-surface-fibronectin-on-suspended-lung-cancer-cells-independently-of-apoptosis-and-suppresses-metastasis
#10
Ying-Jan Wang, Jing-Fang Lin, Li-Hsin Cheng, Wen-Tsan Chang, Ying-Hsien Kao, Ming-Min Chang, Bour-Jr Wang, Hung-Chi Cheng
BACKGROUND: Polymeric fibronectin (polyFN) assembled on suspended breast cancer cells is required for metastasis. Conceivably, drugs that target such polyFN may fight against cancer metastasis. While stilbene analogs trigger pro-apoptotic effect on attached cancer cells, whether they prevent polyFN assembly and metastasis of suspended cancer cells via an apoptosis-independent manner remains unexplored. METHODS: We depleted suspended Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) cells of polyFN by silencing the endogenous FN expression or pterostilbene (PS) to examine whether metastasis of lung cancer cells could thus be suppressed...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316141/dasatinib-inhibits-actin-fiber-reorganization-and-promotes-endothelial-cell-permeability-through-rhoa-rock-pathway
#11
Swapan K Dasgupta, Anhquyen Le, K Vinod Vijayan, Perumal Thiagarajan
Treatment with dasatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is associated with edema, pleural effusion, and pulmonary edema. We investigated the effect of dasatinib on the barrier function of human microvascular endothelial cells-1 (HMEC-1) in vitro and in vivo. The permeability of HMEC-1 to fluorescein isothiocyante (FITC)-dextran increased in Transwell chambers within 5 min following the addition of therapeutic concentrations of dasatinib. The change in permeability was associated with increased activation of RhoA GTPase and its effector Rho-associated coiled-coil kinase 1(ROCK1)...
April 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279265/engineered-microenvironments-for-synergistic-vegf-integrin-signalling-during-vascularization
#12
Vladimíra Moulisová, Cristina Gonzalez-García, Marco Cantini, Aleixandre Rodrigo-Navarro, Jessica Weaver, Mercedes Costell, Roser Sabater I Serra, Matthew J Dalby, Andrés J García, Manuel Salmerón-Sánchez
We have engineered polymer-based microenvironments that promote vasculogenesis both in vitro and in vivo through synergistic integrin-growth factor receptor signalling. Poly(ethyl acrylate) (PEA) triggers spontaneous organization of fibronectin (FN) into nanonetworks which provide availability of critical binding domains. Importantly, the growth factor binding (FNIII12-14) and integrin binding (FNIII9-10) regions are simultaneously available on FN fibrils assembled on PEA. This material platform promotes synergistic integrin/VEGF signalling which is highly effective for vascularization events in vitro with low concentrations of VEGF...
May 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273941/arterial-graft-with-elastic-layer-structure-grown-from-cells
#13
Utako Yokoyama, Yuta Tonooka, Ryoma Koretake, Taisuke Akimoto, Yuki Gonda, Junichi Saito, Masanari Umemura, Takayuki Fujita, Shinya Sakuma, Fumihito Arai, Makoto Kaneko, Yoshihiro Ishikawa
Shortage of autologous blood vessel sources and disadvantages of synthetic grafts have increased interest in the development of tissue-engineered vascular grafts. However, tunica media, which comprises layered elastic laminae, largely determines arterial elasticity, and is difficult to synthesize. Here, we describe a method for fabrication of arterial grafts with elastic layer structure from cultured human vascular SMCs by periodic exposure to extremely high hydrostatic pressure (HP) during repeated cell seeding...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257580/a-novel-antifibrotic-mechanism-of-nintedanib-and-pirfenidone-inhibition-of-collagen-fibril-assembly
#14
Larissa Knüppel, Yoshihiro Ishikawa, Michaela Aichler, Katharina Heinzelmann, Rudolf Hatz, Jürgen Behr, Axel Walch, Hans Peter Bächinger, Oliver Eickelberg, Claudia A Staab-Weijnitz
RATIONALE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix, in particular collagens. Two IPF therapeutics, nintedanib and pirfenidone, decelerate lung function decline, but their underlying mechanisms of action are poorly understood. In this study we sought to analyze their effects on collagen synthesis and maturation at important regulatory levels. METHODS: Primary human fibroblasts from IPF patients and healthy donors were treated with nintedanib (0...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230931/spatially-assembled-bilayer-cell-sheets-of-stem-cells-and-endothelial-cells-using-thermosensitive-hydrogels-for-therapeutic-angiogenesis
#15
Indong Jun, Taufiq Ahmad, Seongwoo Bak, Joong-Yup Lee, Eun Mi Kim, Jinkyu Lee, Yu Bin Lee, Hongsoo Jeong, Hojeong Jeon, Heungsoo Shin
Although the coculture of multiple cell types has been widely employed in regenerative medicine, in vivo transplantation of cocultured cells while maintaining the hierarchical structure remains challenging. Here, a spatially assembled bilayer cell sheet of human mesenchymal stem cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells on a thermally expandable hydrogel containing fibronectin is prepared and its effect on in vitro proangiogenic functions and in vivo ischemic injury is investigated. The expansion of hydrogels in response to a temperature change from 37 to 4 °C allows rapid harvest and delivery of the bilayer cell sheet to two different targets (an in vitro model glass surface and in vivo tissue)...
February 23, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193541/a-nano-scaled-and-multi-layered-recombinant-fibronectin-cadherin-chimera-composite-selectively-concentrates-osteogenesis-related-cells-and-factors-to-aid-bone-repair
#16
Junchao Xing, Tieniu Mei, Keyu Luo, Zhiqiang Li, Aijun Yang, Zhilin Li, Zhao Xie, Zehua Zhang, Shiwu Dong, Tianyong Hou, Jianzhong Xu, Fei Luo
Easily accessible and effective bone grafts are in urgent need in clinic. The selective cell retention (SCR) strategy, by which osteogenesis-related cells and factors are enriched from bone marrow into bio-scaffolds, holds great promise. However, the retention efficacy is limited by the relatively low densities of osteogenesis-related cells and factors in marrow; in addition, a lack of satisfactory surface modifiers for scaffolds further exacerbates the dilemma. To address this issue, a multi-layered construct consisting of a recombinant fibronectin/cadherin chimera was established via a layer-by-layer self-assembly technique (LBL-rFN/CDH) and used to modify demineralised bone matrix (DBM) scaffolds...
February 11, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192862/long-term-dietary-quercetin-enrichment-as-a-cardioprotective-countermeasure-in-mdx-mice
#17
Christopher Ballmann, Thomas Denney, Ronald J Beyers, Tiffany Quindry, Matthew Romero, Joshua T Selsby, John C Quindry
What is the central question of this study? The central question of this study is to understand whether dietary quercetin enrichment attenuates physiologic, histological, and biochemical indices of cardiac pathology. What is the main finding and its importance? Novel findings from this investigation, in comparison to prior published studies, suggest that mouse strain-dependent cardiac outcomes in performance and remodelling exist. Unlike Mdx/Utrn(-/+) mice, mdx mice receiving lifelong quercetin treatment did not exhibit improvements cardiac function...
February 13, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192654/self-assembly-of-recombinant-silk-as-a-strategy-for-chemical-free-formation-of-bioactive-coatings-a-real-time-study
#18
Linnea Nilebäck, Jesper Hedin, Mona Widhe, Lotta S Floderus, Annika Krona, Helena Bysell, My Hedhammar
Functionalization of biomaterials with biologically active peptides can improve their performance after implantation. By genetic fusion to self-assembling proteins, the functional peptides can easily be presented on different physical formats. Herein, a chemical-free coating method based on self-assembly of the recombinant spider silk protein 4RepCT is described and used to prepare functional coatings on various biomaterial surfaces. The silk assembly was studied in real-time, revealing the occurrence of continuous assembly of silk proteins onto surfaces and the formation of nanofibrillar structures...
March 13, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163239/enhanced-elastin-synthesis-and-maturation-in-human-vascular-smooth-muscle-tissue-derived-from-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells
#19
Joon H Eoh, Nian Shen, Jacqueline A Burke, Svenja Hinderer, Zhiyong Xia, Katja Schenke-Layland, Sharon Gerecht
Obtaining vascular smooth muscle tissue with mature, functional elastic fibers is a key obstacle in tissue-engineered blood vessels. Poor elastin secretion and organization leads to a loss of specialization in contractile smooth muscle cells, resulting in over proliferation and graft failure. In this study, human induced-pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) were differentiated into early smooth muscle cells, seeded onto a hybrid poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate/poly (l-lactide) (PEGdma-PLA) scaffold and cultured in a bioreactor while exposed to pulsatile flow, towards maturation into contractile smooth muscle tissue...
April 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159817/tissue-transglutaminase-modulates-vascular-stiffness-and-function-through-crosslinking-dependent-and-crosslinking-independent-functions
#20
Jochen Steppan, Yehudit Bergman, Kayla Viegas, Dinani Armstrong, Siqi Tan, Huilei Wang, Sean Melucci, Daijiro Hori, Sung Yong Park, Sebastian F Barreto, Abraham Isak, Sandeep Jandu, Nicholas Flavahan, Mark Butlin, Steven S An, Alberto Avolio, Dan E Berkowitz, Marc K Halushka, Lakshmi Santhanam
BACKGROUND: The structural elements of the vascular wall, namely, extracellular matrix and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), contribute to the overall stiffness of the vessel. In this study, we examined the crosslinking-dependent and crosslinking-independent roles of tissue transglutaminase (TG2) in vascular function and stiffness. METHODS AND RESULTS: SMCs were isolated from the aortae of TG2-/- and wild-type (WT) mice. Cell adhesion was examined by using electrical cell-substrate impedance sensing and PicoGreen assay...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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