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Fibronectin assembly

Nisha Durand, Ligia I Bastea, Jason Long, Heike Döppler, Kun Ling, Peter Storz
Focal adhesions (FAs) are highly dynamic structures that are assembled and disassembled on a continuous basis. The balance between the two processes mediates various aspects of cell behavior, ranging from cell adhesion and spreading to directed cell migration. The turnover of FAs is regulated at multiple levels and involves a variety of signaling molecules and adaptor proteins. In the present study, we show that in response to integrin engagement, a subcellular pool of Protein Kinase D1 (PKD1) localizes to the FAs...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Changjiang Pan, Youdong Hu, Yu Hou, Tao Liu, Yuebin Lin, Wei Ye, Yanhua Hou, Tao Gong
In recent years, magnesium alloys are attracting more and more attention as a kind of biodegradable metallic biomaterials, however, their uncontrollable biodegradation speed in vivo and the limited surface biocompatibility hinder their clinical applications. In the present study, with the aim of improving the corrosion resistance and biocompatibility, the magnesium alloy (AZ31B) surface was modified by alkali heating treatment followed by the self-assembly of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTMS). Subsequently, poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) and fibronectin or fibronectin/heparin complex were sequentially immobilized on the modified surface...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Vamsee D Myneni, Aisha Mousa, Mari T Kaartinen
F13A1 gene, which encodes for Factor XIII-A blood clotting factor and a transglutaminase enzyme, was recently identified as a potential causative gene for obesity in humans. In our previous in vitro work, we showed that FXIII-A regulates preadipocyte differentiation and modulates insulin signaling via promoting plasma fibronectin assembly into the extracellular matrix. To understand the role of FXIII-A in whole body energy metabolism, here we have characterized the metabolic phenotype of F13a1-/- mice. F13a1-/- and F13a1+/+ type mice were fed chow or obesogenic, high fat diet for 20 weeks...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jia-Yun C Tsai, Jacelyn M S Loh, Fiona Clow, Natalie Lorenz, Thomas Proft
Group A Streptococcus (GAS), or Streptococcus pyogenes, is a human pathogen that causes diseases ranging from skin and soft tissue infections to severe invasive diseases, such as toxic shock syndrome. Each GAS strain carries a particular pilus type encoded in the variable fibronectin-binding, collagen-binding, T antigen (FCT) genomic region. Here we describe the functional analysis of the serotype M2 pilus encoded in the FCT-6 region. We found that, in contrast to other investigated GAS pili, the ancillary pilin 1 lacks adhesive properties...
October 14, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
Virginia Brancato, Alessandro Garziano, Filomena Gioiella, Francesco Urciuolo, Giorgia Imparato, Valeria Panzetta, Sabato Fusco, Paolo A Netti
: We fabricated three-dimensional microtissues with the aim to replicate in vitro the composition and the functionalities of the tumor microenvironment. By arranging either normal fibroblasts (NF) or cancer-activated fibroblasts (CAF) in two different three dimensional (3D) configurations, two kinds of micromodules were produced: spheroids and microtissues. Spheroids were obtained by means of the traditional cell aggregation technique resulting in a 3D model characterized by high cell density and low amount of extracellular proteins...
October 6, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Ana R Araújo, Diana P Soares da Costa, Sara Amorim, Rui L Reis, Ricardo A Pires, Iva Pashkuleva
We report on the utility of a platform created by self-assembled monolayers to investigate the influence of the degree of sulfation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) on their interactions with fibronectin (Fn) and the impact of these interactions on the adhesion and morphology of human adipose derived stem cells (ASCs). We used the label-free QCM-D, AFM and SPR to follow the changes in the adlayer in close proximity to the substrates surface and QCM-D in combination with live imaging to characterize the adherent cells...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mohammad Raoufi, Neda Aslankoohi, Christine Mollenhauer, Heike Boehm, Joachim P Spatz, Dorothea Brüggemann
Biomedical applications ranging from tissue engineering to drug delivery systems require versatile biomaterials based on the scalable and tunable production of biopolymer nanofibers under physiological conditions. These requirements can be successfully met by a novel extrusion process through nanoporous aluminum oxide templates, which is presented in this study. With this simple method we are able to control the nanofiber diameter by chosing the size of the nanopores and the concentration of the biopolymer feed solution...
October 10, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Paola Mora-Uribe, Camila Miranda-Cárdenas, Pablo Castro-Córdova, Fernando Gil, Iván Calderón, Juan A Fuentes, Paula I Rodas, Saeed Banawas, Mahfuzur R Sarker, Daniel Paredes-Sabja
Clostridium difficile is the causative agent of the most frequently reported nosocomial diarrhea worldwide. The high incidence of recurrent infection is the main clinical challenge of C. difficile infections (CDI). Formation of C. difficile spores of the epidemic strain R20291 has been shown to be essential for recurrent infection and transmission of the disease in a mouse model. However, the underlying mechanisms of how these spores persist in the colonic environment remains unclear. In this work, we characterized the adherence properties of epidemic R20291 spores to components of the intestinal mucosa, and we assessed the role of the exosporium integrity in the adherence properties by using cdeC mutant spores with a defective exosporium layer...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Roser Sabater I Serra, Laia León-Boigues, Antonio Sánchez-Laosa, Luis Gómez-Estrada, José Luis Gómez Ribelles, Manuel Salmeron-Sanchez, Gloria Gallego Ferrer
Poly(ethyl acrylate) (PEA) induces the formation of biomimetic fibronectin (FN) (nano)networks upon simple adsorption from solutions, a process referred to as material-driven FN fibrillogenesis. The ability of PEA to organize FN has been demonstrated in 2D and 2.5D environments, but not as yet in 3D scaffolds, which incorporate three-dimensionality and chemical crosslinkers that may influence its fibrillogenic potential. In this paper we show for the first time that while three-dimensionality does not interfere with PEA-induced FN fibrillogenesis, crosslinking does, and we determined the maximum amount of crosslinker that can be added to PEA to maintain FN fibrillogenesis...
August 31, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Gili Kaufman, Laiz Nunes, Alex Eftimiades, Wojtek Tutak
Tissue engineering-based therapies rely on the delivery of monolayered fibroblasts on two-dimensional polystyrene-coated and extracellular matrix (ECM) surfaces to regenerate connective tissues. However, this approach may fail to mimic their three-dimensional (3D) native architecture and function. We hypothesize that ECM fibrous proteins, which direct the migration of cells in vivo, may attach and guide polystyrene- and Matrigel™-ECM (M-ECM)-adherent fibroblasts to rearrangement into large multicellular macrostructures with the ability to proliferate...
August 30, 2016: Cells, Tissues, Organs
Virginia Llopis-Hernández, Marco Cantini, Cristina González-García, Zhe A Cheng, Jingli Yang, Penelope M Tsimbouri, Andrés J García, Matthew J Dalby, Manuel Salmerón-Sánchez
Growth factors (GFs) are powerful signaling molecules with the potential to drive regenerative strategies, including bone repair and vascularization. However, GFs are typically delivered in soluble format at supraphysiological doses because of rapid clearance and limited therapeutic impact. These high doses have serious side effects and are expensive. Although it is well established that GF interactions with extracellular matrix proteins such as fibronectin control GF presentation and activity, a translation-ready approach to unlocking GF potential has not been realized...
August 2016: Science Advances
N M Coelho, V Llopis-Hernández, M Salmerón-Sánchez, G Altankov
Vascular basement membrane remodeling involves assembly and degradation of its main constituents, type IV collagen (Col IV) and laminin, which is critical during development, angiogenesis, and tissue repair. Remodeling can also occur at cell-biomaterials interface altering significantly the biocompatibility of implants. Here we describe the fate of adsorbed Col IV in contact with endothelial cells adhering on positively charged NH2 or hydrophobic CH3 substrata, both based on self-assembly monolayers (SAMs) and studied alone or mixed in different proportions...
2016: Advances in Protein Chemistry and Structural Biology
Urška Slapšak, Giulia Salzano, Ladan Amin, Romany N N Abskharon, Gregor Ilc, Blaž Zupančič, Ivana Biljan, Janez Plavec, Gabriele Giachin, Giuseppe Legname
The cellular form of the prion protein (PrP(C)) is a highly conserved glycoprotein mostly expressed in the central and peripheral nervous systems by different cell types in mammals. A misfolded, pathogenic isoform, denoted as prion, is related to a class of neurodegenerative diseases known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathy. PrP(C) function has not been unequivocally clarified, and it is rather defined as a pleiotropic protein likely acting as a dynamic cell surface scaffolding protein for the assembly of different signaling modules...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Karin Wang, Fei Wu, Bo Ri Seo, Claudia Fischbach, Weisi Chen, Lauren Hsu, Delphine Gourdon
Breast cancer cells recruit surrounding stromal cells, such as cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), to remodel their extracellular matrix (ECM) and promote invasive tumor growth. Two major ECM components, fibronectin (Fn) and collagen I (Col I), are known to interact with each other to regulate cellular behavior. In this study, we seek to understand how Fn and Col I interplay and promote a dysregulated signaling pathway to facilitate tumor progression. Specifically, we investigated the evolution of tumor-conditioned stromal ECM composition, structure, and relaxation...
August 5, 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Xian-Wei Wang, Fen-Xi Zhang, Fen Yang, Zu-Feng Ding, Nidhi Agarwal, Zhi-Kun Guo, Jawahar L Mehta
AIM: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) agonists and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors can not only lower blood glucose levels, but also alleviate cardiac remodeling after myocardial ischemia and hypertension. In the present study, we investigated the effects of a DPP-4 inhibitor (linagliptin) and a GLP-1 activator (liraglutide) on glucose- and angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced collagen formation and cytoskeleton reorganization in cardiac fibroblasts in vitro, and elucidated the related mechanisms...
September 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Sara Mauquoy, Christine Dupont-Gillain
Layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly is a surface modification method which may bring complexity to biointerfaces designed to control cell-material interactions. This work aims at investigating the LbL assembly of two extracellular matrix proteins, collagen (Col) and fibronectin (Fn), on polystyrene substrates. LbL assembly, which is widely applied to polyelectrolytes, is not easily transferred to proteins. Different buffers and conditions are tested, and LbL assembly is compared to the simultaneous adsorption of Fn and Col...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Alexandra K Pastino, Todd M Greco, Rommel A Mathias, Ileana M Cristea, Jean E Schwarzbauer
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) are a heterogeneous group of compounds that form via non-enzymatic glycation of proteins throughout our lifespan and at a higher rate in certain chronic diseases such as diabetes. AGEs contribute to the progression of fibrosis, in part by stimulating cellular pathways that affect gene expression. Long-lived ECM proteins are targets for non-enzymatic glycation but the question of whether the AGE-modified ECM leads to excess ECM accumulation and fibrosis remains unanswered...
July 14, 2016: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
Brant R Johnson, Todd R Klaenhammer
UNLABELLED: Autolysins, also known as peptidoglycan hydrolases, are enzymes that hydrolyze specific bonds within bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan during cell division and daughter cell separation. Within the genome of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM, there are 11 genes encoding proteins with peptidoglycan hydrolase catalytic domains, 9 of which are predicted to be functional. Notably, 5 of the 9 putative autolysins in L. acidophilus NCFM are S-layer-associated proteins (SLAPs) noncovalently colocalized along with the surface (S)-layer at the cell surface...
September 15, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Haifeng Liu, Xianghui Gong, Xiaohui Jing, Xili Ding, Yuan Yao, Yan Huang, Yubo Fan
Endothelial cells (ECs) are sensitive to changes in shear stress. The application of shear stress to ECs has been well documented to improve cell retention when placed into a haemodynamically active environment. However, the relationship between the time-step and amplification of shear stress on EC functions remains elusive. In the present study, human umbilical cord veins endothelial cells (HUVECs) were seeded on silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffolds and were preconditioned by shear stress at different time-steps and amplifications...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Elie Ngandu Mpoyi, Marco Cantini, Paul M Reynolds, Nikolaj Gadegaard, Matthew J Dalby, Manuel Salmerón-Sánchez
Surface nanotopography is widely employed to control cell behavior and in particular controlled disorder has been shown to be important in cell differentiation/maturation. However, extracellular matrix proteins, such as fibronectin (FN), initially adsorbed on a biomaterial surface are known to mediate the interaction of synthetic materials with cells. In this work, we examine the effect of nanotopography on cell behavior through this adsorbed layer of adhesive proteins using a nanostructured polycarbonate surface comprising 150 nm-diameter pits originally defined using electron beam lithography...
July 26, 2016: ACS Nano
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