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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691987/accuracy-of-the-match-between-cone-beam-computed-tomography-and-model-scan-data-in-template-guided-implant-planning-a-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#1
Sigmar Schnutenhaus, Sebastian Gröller, Ralph G Luthardt, Heike Rudolph
BACKGROUND: Template-guided implant placement is a method for optimal implant positioning from a prosthetic and surgical viewpoint. The treatment planning is based on three-dimensional X-ray data and model scan data, as well as on prosthetic planning (set-up). These data are matched (superimposed) with the aid of an X-ray template or by manual matching without special referencing. PURPOSE: The objective of this prospective controlled clinical study was to determine and compare the accuracy of the match with and without an additional X-ray template...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691843/a-systems-approach-to-identify-factors-influencing-adverse-drug-events-in-nursing-homes
#2
Ali Azeez Al-Jumaili, William R Doucette
The objectives of the study were to identify the incidence rate and characteristics of adverse drug events (ADEs) in nursing homes (NHs) using the ADE trigger tool and to evaluate the relationships between resident and facility work system factors and incidence of ADEs using the System Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) model. The study used 2 observational quantitative methods, retrospective resident chart extraction, and surveys. The participating staff included Directors of nursing, registered nurses, certified nurse assistants (CNAs)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691816/synthetic-materials-for-osteochondral-tissue-engineering
#3
Antoniac Iulian, Laptoiu Dan, Tecu Camelia, Milea Claudia, Gradinaru Sebastian
The objective of an articular cartilage repair treatment is to repair the affected surface of an articular joint's hyaline cartilage. Currently, both biological and tissue engineering research is concerned with discovering the clues needed to stimulate cells to regenerate tissues and organs totally or partially. The latest findings on nanotechnology advances along with the processability of synthetic biomaterials have succeeded in creating a new range of materials to develop into the desired biological responses to the cellular level...
2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691702/nutritional-composition-of-the-diet-of-the-northern-yellow-cheeked-crested-gibbon-nomascus-annamensis-in-northeastern-cambodia
#4
Naven Hon, Alison M Behie, Jessica M Rothman, Ken G Ryan
This study measured the nutritional composition of foods consumed by the northern yellow-cheeked crested gibbon (Nomascus annamensis) in northeastern Cambodia. One group of N. annamensis was studied, and focal animal sampling was used to observe their feeding behavior. The study was conducted for 4 months (January-April 2015) in the dry season and 69 foods were collected for nutritional analyses. N. annamensis fed on 37 plant species, but only seven species made up more than 80% of feeding time. N. annamensis spent the majority of their time feeding on fruit (60...
April 24, 2018: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691678/the-determination-of-ochratoxin-a-based-on-the-electrochemical-aptasensor-by-carbon-aerogels-and-methylene-blue-assisted-signal-amplification
#5
Min Wei, Wenyang Zhang
In this work, a novel aptamer-based electrochemical biosensor was developed for the determination of Ochratoxin A (OTA) by using carbon aerogels (CAs) and methylene blue (MB) as signal amplification strategy. CAs was used as carrier to load the abundant of complementary DNA (cDNA), which could enhance the hybridization between CAs-cDNA and aptamer immobilized on the electrode surface, thus provide more double-stranded DNA for MB intercalation. The current of MB on the CAs-cDNA/apt/AuE sensor was twice that on the cDNA/apt/AuE sensor, which indicated that the CAs with high surface area enabled a higher loading of the cDNA and absorbed more MB, thus realized the signal amplification strategy...
April 25, 2018: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691658/associations-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-with-health-outcomes-quality-of-care-and-intentions-to-leave-the-profession-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study-among-physician-assistants-in-germany
#6
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Jian Li, Andreas Müller, Peter Angerer, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous epidemiological studies among health care staff have documented associations of adverse psychosocial working conditions with poorer health-related outcomes, a reduced quality of patient care and intentions to leave the profession. The evidence for physician assistants in Germany remains limited though. METHODS: We surveyed a total of 994 physician assistants between September 2016 and April 2017. Psychosocial working conditions were measured by the established effort-reward imbalance (ERI) questionnaire and by a questionnaire specifically developed to capture psychosocial working conditions among physicians...
April 24, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691592/-minimally-invasive-vs-open-partial-nephrectomy-perioperative-success-and-complication-rates
#7
A Boy, J Hein, M Bollow, D Lazica, A Roosen, B Ubrig
BACKGROUND: Solid renal masses are increasingly treated with nephron-sparing surgery. As in other uro-oncological surgical techniques, minimally invasive and robotic-assisted techniques are becoming increasingly popular. OBJECTIVES: The perioperative results from minimally invasive nephron-sparing surgery versus open surgery were retrospectively compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our single center retrospective study, all patients who underwent nephron-sparing tumor excision between 2006 and 2016 were divided into two groups (group O = open approach and group M = minimally invasive approach)...
April 24, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691554/-retrospective-analysis-of-896-cases-of-parotid-gland-tumor
#8
Zhi-Guo Zhao, Dan Gao, Jin Wang, Li-Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: To review the clinical data of patients undergoing operation, in order to summarize the incidence, proportion, clinical examination and diagnostic methods of parotid tumors. METHODS: Eight hundred and ninty-six cases of parotid gland tumors were collected from 2008 January to 2015 July from department of oral and maxillofacial surgery in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. A retrospective study of the clinical data was carried out, including age, gender, tumor location, diagnostic methods and pathological results...
December 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691427/author-correction-patch-clamp-assisted-single-neuron-lipidomics
#9
Collin B Merrill, Abdul Basit, Andrea Armirotti, Yousheng Jia, Christine M Gall, Gary Lynch, Daniele Piomelli
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML and PDF versions of this paper. The error has not been fixed in the paper.
April 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691403/bio-inspired-nano-traps-for-uranium-extraction-from-seawater-and-recovery-from-nuclear-waste
#10
Qi Sun, Briana Aguila, Jason Perman, Aleksandr S Ivanov, Vyacheslav S Bryantsev, Lyndsey D Earl, Carter W Abney, Lukasz Wojtas, Shengqian Ma
Nature can efficiently recognize specific ions by exerting second-sphere interactions onto well-folded protein scaffolds. However, a considerable challenge remains to artificially manipulate such affinity, while being cost-effective in managing immense amounts of water samples. Here, we propose an effective approach to regulate uranyl capture performance by creating bio-inspired nano-traps, illustrated by constructing chelating moieties into porous frameworks, where the binding motif's coordinative interaction towards uranyl is enhanced by introducing an assistant group, reminiscent of biological systems...
April 24, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691345/evaluating-mammographer-acceptance-of-mammorisk-software
#11
Jean Weigert, Nancy Cavanaugh, Talong Ju
PURPOSE: To evaluate mammographers' acceptance of the breast cancer risk assessment software tool MammoRisk (Statlife) in the clinical setting. METHODS: During a 6-month period, 1200 women undergoing routine mammography examinations at a regional, outpatient, comprehensive breast imaging center were assessed for breast cancer risk by mammographers who used the MammoRisk software. At the end of the 6-month period, the mammographers (N = 11) completed an 8-question survey on their willingness to the use of the software in the clinical setting...
March 2018: Radiologic Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691317/cholesterol-signaling-in-single-cells-lessons-from-star-and-sm-fish
#12
REVIEW
Colin R Jefcoate, Jinwoo Lee
Cholesterol is an important regulator of cell signaling, both through direct impacts on cell membranes and through oxy-metabolites that activate specific receptors (steroids, hydroxy-cholesterols, bile acids). Cholesterol moves slowly through and between cell membranes with the assistance of specific binding proteins and transfer processes. The prototype cholesterol regulator is the Steroidogenesis Acute Regulatory (STAR), which moves cholesterol into mitochondria, where steroid synthesis is initiated by cytochrome P450 11A1 in multiple endocrine cell types...
May 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691263/evaluation-of-a-one-dose-package-medication-support-system-for-community-based-elderly-patients-and-eldercare-facilities
#13
Ryoji Suzuki, Takashi Hasegawa
PURPOSE: Results of an evaluation of a one-dose package medication support system (ODP-MSS) for medication support and telecare home monitoring of elderly persons are reported. METHODS: ODP-MSS units were provided to 10 elderly patients living at home, with adherence assistance provided by family members or other medication supporters in response to telephone alerts. In addition, ODP-MSS units were installed in 2 group homes. At the end of the designated study periods, device data logs were analyzed, and study participants were interviewed or surveyed regarding the impact of ODP-MSS use...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691199/exploring-pharmacists-perceptions-regarding-influenza-and-streptococcal-testing-within-a-chain-pharmacy
#14
Kelli Dulaney, Kenneth Hohmeier, Cindy Fisher, Lindsey Cardosi, Mike Wasson
OBJECTIVES: To assess pharmacists' perceptions of point-of-care testing (POCT) and treatment for influenza and streptococcus pharyngitis in a community pharmacy setting. A secondary objective was to explore the correlation between demographic data and survey responses. METHODS: An anonymous electronic Likert-type-scale questionnaire was sent to pharmacists in a division of a large national supermarket chain pharmacy in western Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691192/identification-of-pathogenic-and-nonpathogenic-leptospira-species-of-brazilian-isolates-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-and-time-flight-mass-spectrometry
#15
Daniel Karcher, Rafaella C Grenfell, Andrea Micke Moreno, Luisa Zanolli Moreno, Silvio Arruda Vasconcellos, Marcos B Heinemann, Joao N de Almeida Junior, Luiz Juliano, Maria A Juliano
Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization and Time of Flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a powerful tool for the identification of bacteria through the detection and analysis of their proteins or fragments derived from ribosomes. Slight sequence variations in conserved ribosomal proteins distinguish microorganisms at the subspecies and strain levels. Characterization of Leptospira spp. by 16S RNA sequencing is costly and time-consuming, and recent studies have shown that closely related species (e...
April 13, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691180/multimodal-clinical-pathway-with-adductor-canal-block-decreases-hospital-length-of-stay-improves-pain-control-and-reduces-opioid-consumption-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-a-retrospective-review
#16
Terry A Ellis, Hassan Hammoud, Philip Dela Merced, Nishankkumar P Nooli, Farhad Ghoddoussi, Joshua Kong, Sandeep H Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty volume is increasing significantly in the United States. Reducing hospital length of stay may represent the best method for accommodating expanding volume and reducing costs. We hypothesized that tailoring a clinical pathway to facilitate early ambulation would decrease costs and resource utilization. METHODS: We conducted a sequential before-and-after study of total knee arthroplasty patients after a phased implementation of a clinical pathway that includes multimodal oral analgesic protocols, adductor canal nerve block, and standardized day of surgery ambulation protocols...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691176/anthropometric-measurements-of-knee-joints-in-the-hispanic-population
#17
Colin A McNamara, Amer A Hanano, Jesus M Villa, Gustavo M Huaman, Preetesh D Patel, Juan C Suarez
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) systems provide a set of incrementally sized tibial and femoral components intended to accommodate most knee parameters. However, the most commonly used systems in the United States were developed using data from Caucasian patients which might not lead to the best fit in non-Caucasians. Therefore, we wanted to evaluate whether these TKA systems proportionally match femoral and tibial measurements in Hispanics. METHODS: All lower extremity magnetic resonance imaging performed at our institution between January 2007 and October 2015 were screened...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691111/helping-patients-help-themselves-supporting-the-healthcare-journey
#18
Moriah E Ellen, Ruth Shach, Ran D Balicer
Patients often feel lost when navigating the health care system, and poor care coordination leads to negative patient outcomes, consumes resources and makes diseases more difficult to treat. Patients and citizens have become eager to take health care decision making into their own hands. To this end, solutions have been proposed which assist patients by providing them with more information and enabling them to take a more active role in their care. These include enlisting a patient navigator, consumer engagement, process mapping, decision aids, and clinical pathways...
April 14, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691094/first-experience-of-the-egyptian-national-cancer-institute-using-the-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-approach-in-radical-hysterectomies-for-cervical-cancer
#19
Ashraf Saad Zaghloul, Ahmed Mahmoud El-Minawi, Mohamed Atef ElKordy, Amr Kamal Younes, Ahmed Mostafa Mahmoud, Waleed Mohamed Fadlalla, Gamal Amira Mohamed
AIM OF WORK: Robotics in surgery led to an improvement of visualization, a better handling of tissues and better suturing. This study aimed to document the first experience of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute (NCI) using the robot-assisted laparoscopic approach in radical hysterectomies for cervical cancer and to highlight observed advantages, disadvantages, morbidity and oncological outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of cases that had either early cervical cancer (stage IB-IIA1 with a tumor ≥2 cm) or locally advanced cervical cancer (Stage IIA2-IIB after chemo-radiotherapy) were collected prospectively...
April 21, 2018: Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691002/role-of-process-variables-on-the-formation-and-in-vitro-digestion-of-gellan-gels
#20
Tatiana Porto Santos, Rosiane Lopes Cunha
Gellan gels were produced using different approaches forming structures with varied potential applications. Gels were characterized from appearance, mechanical properties, water holding capacity (WHC) and microstructure. In addition, in vitro digestibility of these gels was evaluated to understand the effect of gastrointestinal environment on their structure stability. All gels presented high WHC (>80% w/w) but gels were stronger with salt or acid addition, which was associated to the reduction of double helices repulsion of the negatively charged carboxyl groups of gellan...
July 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
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