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Jae Hyun Yoo, Yunhye Oh, Byongsu Jang, Jihye Song, Jiwon Kim, Seonwoo Kim, Jiyoung Lee, Hye-Yeon Shin, Jeong-Yi Kwon, Yun-Hee Kim, Bumseok Jeong, Yoo-Sook Joung
Objective: Equine-assisted activities and therapy (EAA/T) have been used as adjunct treatment options for physical and psychosocial rehabilitation. However, the therapeutic effects on resting-state brain function have not yet been studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of EAA/T on participants with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by comparing resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) signals and their clinical correlates. Methods: Ten participants with ADHD participated in a 12-week EAA/T program without any medication...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Regina Amélia Lopes Pessoa de Aguiar, Ana Maria Arruda Lana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Righab Hamdan, Pierre Nassar, Ali Zein, Mohamad Issa, Hassan Mansour, Mohamad Saab
Peripartum cardiomyopathy remains a challenging obstetric and cardiologic emergency. We report 5 interesting cases of peripartum cardiomyopathy with different clinical courses, with 3 patients requiring left ventricular assist device implantation. One patient underwent pump explantation and aortic balloon valvuloplasty postsurgery. Two patients improved with the medical treatment alone without the need of assistance. We will review main important related issues.
October 11, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Sarah C Boyle, Andrew M Earle, Joseph W LaBrie, Kayla Ballou
Studies examining representations of college drinking on social media have almost exclusively focused on Facebook. However, recent research suggests college students may be more influenced by peers' alcohol-related posts on Instagram and Snapchat, two image-based platforms popular among this demographic. One potential explanation for this differential influence is that qualitative distinctions in the types of alcohol-related content posted by students on these three platforms may exist. Informed by undergraduate focus groups, this study examined the hypothesis that, of the three platforms, students tend to use Instagram most often for photos glamourizing drinking and Snapchat for incriminating photos of alcohol misuse and negative consequences...
October 19, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
Imran Ullah, Krishnendu Bhattacharyya, Sharidan Shafie, Ilyas Khan
Numerical results are presented for the effect of first order chemical reaction and thermal radiation on mixed convection flow of Casson fluid in the presence of magnetic field. The flow is generated due to unsteady nonlinearly stretching sheet placed inside a porous medium. Convective conditions on wall temperature and wall concentration are also employed in the investigation. The governing partial differential equations are converted to ordinary differential equations using suitable transformations and then solved numerically via Keller-box method...
2016: PloS One
Yuko Okumura, Tessei Kobayashi, Shoji Itakura
Social cues in interaction with others enable infants to extract useful information from their environment. Although previous research has shown that infants process and retain different information about an object depending on the presence of social cues, the effect of eye contact as an isolated independent variable has not been investigated. The present study investigated how eye contact affects infants' object processing. Nine-month-olds engaged in two types of social interactions with an experimenter. When the experimenter showed an object without eye contact, the infants processed and remembered both the object's location and its identity...
2016: PloS One
Karthik A Jagadeesh, Aaron M Wenger, Mark J Berger, Harendra Guturu, Peter D Stenson, David N Cooper, Jonathan A Bernstein, Gill Bejerano
Variant pathogenicity classifiers such as SIFT, PolyPhen-2, CADD, and MetaLR assist in interpretation of the hundreds of rare, missense variants in the typical patient genome by deprioritizing some variants as likely benign. These widely used methods misclassify 26 to 38% of known pathogenic mutations, which could lead to missed diagnoses if the classifiers are trusted as definitive in a clinical setting. We developed M-CAP, a clinical pathogenicity classifier that outperforms existing methods at all thresholds and correctly dismisses 60% of rare, missense variants of uncertain significance in a typical genome at 95% sensitivity...
October 24, 2016: Nature Genetics
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
Current sexuality education programs vary widely in the accuracy of content, emphasis, and effectiveness. Data have shown that not all programs are equally effective for all ages, races and ethnicities, socioeconomic groups, and geographic areas. Studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sexuality education programs reduce the rates of sexual activity, sexual risk behaviors (eg, number of partners and unprotected intercourse), sexually transmitted infections, and adolescent pregnancy. One key component of an effective program is encouraging community-centered efforts...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Erin Grgurich, Cynthia Arnemann, Kim Amon, Rose Horton, Jestin N Carlson
As neonatal endotracheal intubation (ETI) is a low-frequency, high-consequence event, it is essential that providers have access to resources to aid in ETI. We sought to determine the impact of video laryngoscopy (VL) with just-in-time training on intubation outcomes over direct laryngoscopy (DL) when performed by neonatal nurses. We conducted a prospective, randomized, crossover study with neonatal nurses employed at a level 2 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Nurses performed both DL and VL on a neonatal mannequin using a CMAC (Karl Storz Corp, Tuttlingen, Germany) either with the assistance of the screen (VL) or without (DL)...
October 2016: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
Friedrich Kommoss, Asma Faruqi, C Blake Gilks, Sarah Lamshang Leen, Naveena Singh, Nafisa Wilkinson, W Glenn McCluggage
We investigated the frequency, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical characteristics of tubal involvement in uterine serous carcinoma (USC) and aimed to clarify the relationship between "serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC)" and USC in these cases. Cases of USC with complete tubal examination were prospectively collected and reviewed for the presence of tubal involvement. Immunohistochemical analysis for p53 and WT1 was performed on the endometrial and tubal tumor in cases with tubal involvement...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Achilleas Boutsiadis, Laurent Baverel, Hubert Lenoir, Philippe Delsol, Johannes Barth
Chronic acromioclavicular (AC) instability is a rare posttraumatic shoulder condition that can lead to undesirable symptoms like persistent pain, muscle fatigue, loss of strength, or even scapular dyskinesis. It is well known that in these cases the superior functional results depend on the restoration of the anatomy and stability of the AC joint in both vertical and horizontal planes. Considering the ligaments degeneration and atrophy in chronic AC joint dislocations, we present an arthroscopic-assisted reconstruction of both the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments using autograft augmentation...
October 21, 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Erwin Santo, Anna Itshak, Liat Mlynarsky, Moshe Leshno, Nathan Gluck
BACKGROUND: Biliary strictures (BS) are a common complication of liver transplantation. The standard treatment is sequential insertion of increasing numbers of plastic stents by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Despite high success rates, some strictures fail to resolve and require surgery as definitive treatment. GOALS: To identify predictors of response or failure of standard endoscopic treatment, allowing earlier referral to alternative modalities when needed and avoiding unnecessary procedures...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Kent P Friedman, Fabio Ponzo, Roy A Raad, Kimberly Jackson, William C Huang, Arjun V Balar
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to conduct a prospective pilot study comparing the diagnostic performance of MRI alone and F-FDG simultaneous PET/MRI using a diuresis protocol in bladder cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-two bladder cancer patients underwent F-FDG PET/MRI, using intravenous furosemide and oral hydration for bladder clearance. A radiologist scored probability of tumor in 3 locations (urinary bladder, pelvic lymph nodes, nonnodal pelvis) using 1- to 3-point scale (1 = negative, 2 = equivocal, 3 = definite tumor)...
October 21, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
J R Yuan, X H Yan, Y Xiao, Y D Guo, C J Dai
Motivated by recent measurement of the magnetism and conductance of the oxygen-assisted Pt nanojunctions, we performed first principle calculations of the magnetic order and electronic transport by explicitly including fully relativistic effects. Our results show that the spin alignment is a cycloidal spiral feature attributed to the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, which indicates that the observed magnetism in experiments is of noncollinear nature. The oxygen concentration is the responsible for the switching of the rotational sense of the spiral magnetic order found in oxygen-assisted Pt nanojunctions...
October 24, 2016: Nanotechnology
Fabrizio Leo, Elena Cocchi, Luca Brayda
Vision loss has severe impacts on physical, social and emotional well-being. The education of blind children poses issues as many scholar disciplines (e.g. geometry, mathematics) are normally taught by heavily relying on vision. Touch-based assistive technologies are potential tools to provide graphical contents to blind users, improving learning possibilities and social inclusion. Raised-lines drawings are still the golden standard, but stimuli cannot be reconfigured or adapted and the blind person constantly requires assistance...
October 20, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Ryan Kenny, Fei Liu
Cooperativity is essential to proficient catalysis, and designing biomimetic, cooperative catalysis is a major avenue to finding new and efficient chemical reactions with practical applications. One challenge in designed cooperative catalysis is to access high catalytic proficiency (large enhancement in both rate and enantioselectivity) as seen in biocatalysis. Here described is an approach of developing and investigating trifunctional organocatalysts with three distinct catalytic functionalities, in order to understand how cooperativity could be organized for enantioselective activation that confers the observed proficiency in a tandem Michael-aldol-proton transfer elimination model reaction...
October 24, 2016: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
D F Paulo, A M L Azeredo-Espin, L E C Canesin, R Vicentini, A C M Junqueira
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that modulate gene expression through post-transcriptional regulation. Here, we report the identification and characterization of miRNAs in two closely related screwworm flies with different feeding habits: Cochliomyia hominivorax and Cochliomyia macellaria. The New World screwworm, C. hominivorax, is an obligatory parasite of warm-blooded vertebrates, whereas the secondary screwworm, C. macellaria, is a free-living organism that feeds on decaying organic matter. Here, the small RNA transcriptomes of adults and third-instar larvae of both species were sequenced...
October 24, 2016: Insect Molecular Biology
Pradeep Mugunthan, Kevin T Russell, Binglei Gong, Michael J Riley, Arthur Chin, Blair G McDonald, Linda J Eastcott
There is an identified need for fully representing groundwater-surface water transition zone (i.e., the sediment zone that connects groundwater and surface water) processes in modeling fate and transport of contaminants to assist with management of contaminated sediments. Most existing groundwater and surface water fate and transport models are not dynamically linked and do not consider transition zone processes such as bioturbation and deposition and erosion of sediments. An interface module is developed herein to holistically simulate the fate and transport by coupling two commonly used models, Environmental Fluid Dynamics Code (EFDC) and SEAWAT, to simulate surface water and groundwater hydrodynamics, while providing an enhanced representation of the processes in the transition zone...
October 24, 2016: Ground Water
Q-L Ma, H-J Wang, M-N Shi, J-H An, J Ma, D Yu, M Tang, F-W Shi
OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a frequent medical condition in developed countries and is one of the most serious diseases threatening patients' lives. Perioperative myocardial infarction is the major cause of perioperative cardiac death and cardiac arrest, but is difficult to be precisely identified by observing clinical symptoms or assessing cardiac enzyme levels or by ECG examination. Therefore, assessment of patient prognosis requires reliable predictors. In this regard, we tested the prognostic value of serum troponin I (TnI) concentrations...
October 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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