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Mistreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216875/pulmonary-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-indistinguishable-from-tuberculosis-a-case-report-in-a-five-year-old-child-with-hemoptysis
#1
Tao Zuo, Jun Fu, Zhengyi Ni, Baojun Chen
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (PIMT) is a rare disease in China and its incidence is much lower than that of tuberculosis. PIMT accounts for only 0.04-1.2% of all lung tumors. PIMT can occurs in any age and nearly every part of the body. The clinical symptoms and radiological features of PIMT are nonspecific. Diagnosis is only made on the basis of histopathologic or immunohistochemical evaluation of the postoperation resected tissue. The therapeutic approach to PIMT should rely mainly on complete surgical resection...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190372/what-can-elder-mistreatment-researchers-learn-about-primary-prevention-from-family-violence-intervention-models
#2
Kylie Meyer, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zachary D Gassoumis, Laura Mosqueda, S Duke Han, Kathleen H Wilber, Rachel Pruchno
Elder mistreatment (EM) is a public health problem that harms millions of older Americans each year. Despite growing recognition of its occurrence, there are no evidence-based primary prevention programs. Although EM is distinct from other areas of family violence, including child maltreatment and intimate partner violence, common risk factors and theoretical underpinnings point to opportunities for prevention strategies. Drawing on evidence-based best practices found in other fields of family violence, we identify approaches that could be tested to prevent EM at the hands of family caregivers, who are among the most likely to commit mistreatment...
November 28, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189029/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-discrimination-experiences-and-nicotine-alcohol-and-drug-use-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-individuals
#3
Nicholas A Livingston, Annesa Flentje, Nicholas C Heck, Allen Szalda-Petree, Bryan N Cochran
OBJECTIVE: Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals experience elevated rates of minority stress, which has been linked to higher rates of nicotine and substance use. Research on this disparity to date is largely predicated on methodology that is insensitive to within day SGM-based discrimination experiences, or their relation to momentary nicotine and substance use risk. We address this knowledge gap in the current study using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). METHOD: Fifty SGM individuals, between 18 and 45 years of age, were recruited from an inland northwestern university, regardless of their nicotine or substance use history, and invited to participate in an EMA study...
December 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177180/isolated-traumatic-brachialis-muscle-tear-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Pankaj Sharma, Nishank Mehta, Amit Narayan
Isolated traumatic brachialis muscle tears are uncommonly reported - leading to occasional misdiagnosis and misdirected treatment. The rarity of brachialis muscle tear may promote misdiagnosis or mistreatment of this injury. We report an isolated brachialis muscle tear in a young female, possibly caused by strenuous exercise in the gymnasium. The diagnosis was made clinically and confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The patient was subsequently managed adequately with conservative treatment. We herein present a 35-year-old woman who was diagnosed with an acute brachialis muscle tear being diagnosed with a combination of clinical signs and imaging and successfully managed non-operatively...
October 2017: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173965/complications-and-patient-injury-after-ankle-fracture-surgery-a-closed-claim-analysis-with-data-from-the-patient-compensation-association-in-denmark
#5
Naja Bjørslev, Lars Bo Ebskov, Camilla Mersø, Christian Wong
BACKGROUND: The Patient Compensation Association (PCA) receives claims for financial compensation from patients who believe they have sustained damage from their treatment in the Danish health care system. In this study, we have analysed closed claims in which patients suffered injuries due to the surgical treatment of their ankle fracture. We identified causalities contributing to these injuries and malpractices, as well as the economic consequences of these damages. METHODS: Fifty-one approved closed claims from the PCA database from the years 2004-2009 were analysed in a retrospective systematic review...
November 21, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173249/adhd-overdiagnosed-and-overtreated-or-misdiagnosed-and-mistreated
#6
REVIEW
Michael J Manos, Kimberly Giuliano, Eric Geyer
In today's changing medical climate, physicians need to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) better and more cost-effectively. The authors review recommendations supported by recent research and offer simple practices that integrate medicine and behavioral health for patients with ADHD.
November 2017: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172894/a-woman-s-right-to-dignified-respectful-healthcare-during-childbirth-a-review-of-the-literature-on-obstetric-mistreatment
#7
Umber Darilek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168777/association-of-emotional-labor-and-occupational-stressors-with-depressive-symptoms-among-women-sales-workers-at-a-clothing-shopping-mall-in-the-republic-of-korea-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Yuh-Jin Chung, Woo-Chul Jung, Hyunjoo Kim, Seong-Sik Cho
In the distribution service industry, sales people often experience multiple occupational stressors such as excessive emotional labor, workplace mistreatment, and job insecurity. The present study aimed to explore the associations of these stressors with depressive symptoms among women sales workers at a clothing shopping mall in Korea. A cross sectional study was conducted on 583 women who consist of clothing sales workers and manual workers using a structured questionnaire to assess demographic factors, occupational stressors, and depressive symptoms...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167023/underlying-mechanisms-of-mistreatment-in-the-surgical-learning-environment-a-thematic-analysis-of-medical-student-perceptions
#9
Elena Brandford, Brittany Hasty, Janine S Bruce, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Edward S Shipper, Dana T Lin, James N Lau
BACKGROUND: Medical students experience more psychological distress than the general population. One contributing factor is mistreatment. This study aims to understand the mechanisms of mistreatment as perceived by medical students. METHODS: Students completed anonymous surveys during the first and last didactic session of their surgery clerkship in which they defined and gave examples of mistreatment. Team-based thematic analysis was performed on responses. RESULTS: Between January 2014 and June 2016, 240 students participated in the surgery clerkship...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165537/frailty-is-not-associated-with-mistreatment
#10
S D Piña-Escudero, J M A García-Lara, J A Avila-Funes
Muscle Frailty has been previously associated with increased vulnerability for adverse health-related outcomes that could lead to social consequences such as mistreatment. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to determine the association between frailty and mistreatment in 852 community-dwelling persons aged 70 or older. Mistreatment was defined as one positive answer in the Geriatric Mistreatment Scale and frailty was used as a continuum where the greater number of positive criteria according to Fried et al...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165020/preliminary-outcomes-from-a-community-based-elder-abuse-risk-and-evaluation-tool
#11
Jason Dauenhauer, Kristin Heffernan, Paul L Caccamise, Allison Granata, Lindsay Calamia, Tracey Siebert-Konopko, Art Mason
This research addresses the need to develop an assessment tool for case workers working in the aging services field outside of APS. As such, the research discusses the development, implementation, and preliminary outcomes of the Elder Abuse Risk Assessment and Evaluation© tool (EARAE). This instrument was developed and pilot tested by the Elder Abuse Prevention Program (EAPP), a program within Lifespan of Greater Rochester Inc. in Rochester, New York. A total of 189 suspected elder mistreatment cases were investigated using the EARAE instrument to track elements at the start and close of each case...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164841/home-blood-pressure-measurement-as-a-systematic-tool-for-clinical-practice-in-ckd-patients-a-real-world-picture
#12
Adamasco Cupisti, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Claudia Zullo, Michele Marchini, Enrico Varricchio, Alessandro Puntoni, Elisabetta Giglio, Ophelia Meniconi, Maria R Bruno, Maria F Egidi
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension is very common in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and its prevalence increases with lowering estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Blood pressure (BP) control is a cornerstone in the treatment of CKD patients but still most treatment decisions are based on office BP measurement (OBPM). The aim of this cross-sectional, retrospective study is to investigate the prevalence of hypertension phenotypes in CKD patients and whether different home (HBPM) or OBPM are associated with a different CKD stage and cardiovascular comorbidities...
November 22, 2017: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148330/risk-factors-for-falls-among-older-adults-following-transition-from-nursing-home-to-the-community
#13
Jing Marrero, Richard H Fortinsky, George A Kuchel, Julie Robison
This study analyzes the incidence of falls for older adults who transitioned from institutions to the community through the Connecticut Money Follows the Person demonstration program, identifying intrinsic and extrinsic fall risk factors for this population. This prospective cohort study analyzed data from 648 Money Follows the Person participants aged 65 years and older, using 6- and 12-month posttransition surveys. Of the 648 participants, 161 (25.2%) fell in the first 6 months after transition, while 156 (24...
March 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146143/reported-mistreatment-during-the-surgery-clerkship-varies-by-student-career-choice
#14
Michael T Kemp, Margaret Smith, Scott Kizy, Michael Englesbe, Rishindra M Reddy
BACKGROUND: Student mistreatment is often a major concern during the surgery clerkship. We hypothesized that mistreatment is decreasing and that career choice may reflect perceived mistreatment. METHODS: We surveyed 2319 physicians about their surgery clerkships. Mistreatment reporting was correlated to physician specialty and medical school graduation year. RESULTS: The response rate was 18.9% (440/2319). Recent graduates reported less mistreatment than more senior graduates (24...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143668/women-s-empowerment-and-experiences-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-facilities-in-lucknow-india-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Nadia Diamond-Smith, Emily Treleaven, Nirmala Murthy, May Sudhinaraset
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has found widespread reports of women experiencing abuse, neglect, discrimination, and poor interpersonal care during childbirth around the globe. Empowerment may be a protective mechanism for women against facility mistreatment during childbirth. The majority of previous research on mistreatment during childbirth has been qualitative in nature. METHODS: In this analysis, we use quantitative data from 392 women who recently gave birth in a facility in the slums of Lucknow, India, to explore whether measures of women's empowerment are associated with their experiences of mistreatment at their last childbirth...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141640/discordance-in-self-report-and-observation-data-on-mistreatment-of-women-by-providers-during-childbirth-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#16
Arnab Dey, Holly Baker Shakya, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Sanjiv Kumar, Arup Kumar Das, John Anthony, Mrunal Shetye, Suneeta Krishnan, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the discordance between self-reported and observed measures of mistreatment of women during childbirth in public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India, as well as correlates of these measures and their discordance. METHODS: Cross sectional data were collected through direct observation of deliveries and follow-up interviews with women (n = 875) delivering in 81 public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh. Participants were surveyed on demographics, mistreatment during childbirth, and maternal and newborn complications...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117644/respectful-care-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-globally-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#17
Elham Shakibazadeh, Masoumeh Namadian, Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Arash Rashidian, Vicky Nogueira Pileggi, Sofia Madeira, Sebastian Leathersich, Ӧzge Tunçalp, Olufemi T Oladapo, João Paulo Souza, Ahmet Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: What constitutes respectful maternity care (RMC) operationally in research and program implementation is often variable. OBJECTIVES: To develop a conceptualization of RMC. SEARCH STRATEGY: Key databases including PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Global Health Library; grey literature and reference lists of relevant studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Primary qualitative studies focusing on care occurring during labour, childbirth and/or immediate postpartum in health facilities without any restrictions on locations or publication date...
November 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098598/anxiety-stress-and-trauma-symptoms-in-african-americans-negative-affectivity-does-not-explain-the-relationship-between-microaggressions-and-psychopathology
#18
Monnica T Williams, Jonathan W Kanter, Terence H W Ching
Prior research has demonstrated a clear relationship between experiences of racial microaggressions and various indicators of psychological unwellness. One concern with these findings is that the role of negative affectivity, considered a marker of neuroticism, has not been considered. Negative affectivity has previously been correlated to experiences of racial discrimination and psychological unwellness and has been suggested as a cause of the observed relationship between microaggressions and psychopathology...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076825/using-a-modified-a3-lean-framework-to-identify-ways-to-increase-students-reporting-of-mistreatment-behaviors
#19
Paula T Ross, Emily Abdoler, LeeAnne Flygt, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Sally A Santen
PROBLEM: The proportion of students who experience mistreatment is significantly higher than the proportion of students who report mistreatment. Identifying ways to improve students' reporting of these incidents is one strategy for increasing opportunities to achieve resolution and prevent future occurrences. APPROACH: The authors applied a modified A3 Lean framework to examine medical student reporting of mistreatment behaviors at the University of Michigan Medical School (UMMS) in 2013-2016...
October 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073914/measuring-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-a-review-of-terminology-and-methodological-approaches
#20
REVIEW
Virginia Savage, Arachu Castro
BACKGROUND: Although mistreatment of women during facility-based childbirth has received increasing recognition as a critical issue throughout the world, there remains a lack of consensus on operational definitions of mistreatment and best practices to assess the issue. Moreover, only minimal research has focused on mistreatment in Latin America and the Caribbean, a region notable for social inequalities and inequitable access to maternal health care. METHODS: In this article, we discuss the results of a literature review that sought to contribute to the determination of best practices in defining and measuring the mistreatment of women during childbirth, particularly within Latin America and the Caribbean...
October 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
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