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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016163/a-meta-analysis-of-sex-and-race-differences-in-perceived-workplace-mistreatment
#1
Mallory A McCord, Dana L Joseph, Lindsay Y Dhanani, Jeremy M Beus
Despite the growing number of meta-analyses published on the subject of workplace mistreatment and the expectation that women and racial minorities are mistreated more frequently than men and Whites, the degree of subgroup differences in perceived workplace mistreatment is unknown. To address this gap in the literature, we meta-analyzed the magnitude of sex and race differences in perceptions of workplace mistreatment (e.g., harassment, discrimination, bullying, incivility). Results indicate that women perceive more sex-based mistreatment (i...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989838/sacral-fractures-and-associated-injuries
#2
REVIEW
Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto, Mark F Kurd, Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, James C Krieg, Jörg H Holstein, Carlo Bellabarba, Reza Firoozabadi, F Cumhur Oner, Frank Kandziora, Marcel F Dvorak, Conor P Kleweno, Luiz R Vialle, S Rajasekaran, Klause J Schnake, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to describe the injuries associated with sacral fractures and to analyze their impact on patient outcome. METHODS: A comprehensive narrative review of the literature was performed to identify the injuries associated with sacral fractures. RESULTS: Sacral fractures are uncommon injuries that result from high-energy trauma, and that, due to their rarity, are frequently underdiagnosed and mistreated...
October 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985275/race-vigilant-coping-strategy-and-hypertension-in-an-integrated-community
#3
Anika L Hines, Craig E Pollack, Thomas A LaVeist, Roland J Thorpe
Background: Vigilant coping refers to individuals who, potentially as a result of experiencing discrimination in the past, proactively prepare for the possibility that they will be discriminated against or mistreated because of their race. The extent to which vigilant coping is linked with hypertension, a highly prevalent condition with well-documented racial/ethnic disparities, remains largely unknown. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the EHDIC (Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities) study-Southwest Baltimore (n=715)...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976883/is-the-burnout-syndrome-associated-with-elder-mistreatment-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-among-nurses
#4
Marijana Neuberg, Danica Železnik, Tomislav Meštrović, Rosana Ribić, Goran Kozina
As this issue has not yet been addressed in Croatia, our aim was to explore the presence of the burnout syndrome in nurses and see how it is related to their perception of elder mistreatment in nursing homes and extended care units. The burnout syndrome was assessed in 171 nursing professionals with a standardised Maslach Burnout Inventory for Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) for three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA). High EE was reported by 43...
September 26, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969631/women-s-experiences-seeking-informal-sector-abortion-services-in-cape-town-south-africa-a-descriptive-study
#5
Caitlin Gerdts, Sarah Raifman, Kristen Daskilewicz, Mariette Momberg, Sarah Roberts, Jane Harries
BACKGROUND: In settings where abortion is legally restricted, or permitted but not widely accessible, women face significant barriers to abortion access, sometimes leading them to seek services outside legal facilities. The advent of medication abortion has further increased the prevalence of informal sector abortion. This study investigates the reasons for attempting self-induction, methods used, complications, and sources of information about informal sector abortion, and tests a specific recruitment method which could lead to improved estimates of informal sector abortion prevalence among an at-risk population...
October 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924675/malignant-triton-tumor-grand-round-presentation-of-a-rare-aggressive-case-thoracolumbar-spine-tumor
#6
Soufiane Ghailane, Sandra Fauquier, Sébastien Lepreux, Jean-Charles Le Huec
INTRODUCTION: We report a rare and aggressive case of malignant triton tumor (MTT) at the thoracolumbar junction with foraminal extension mistreated as schwannoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 70-year-old man with a 2-year history of lower back pain and left L4 radiculopathy with no history of neurofibromatosis. RESULTS: Pre-operative MRI suggested a typical schwannoma. Upon complete marginal resection, histological findings revealed a MTT. The patient presented with a local and regional recurrence and died 10 months after surgery...
September 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923455/-mistreatment-of-students-in-hospitals
#7
Valérie Auslender, Cynthia Fleury
Health care students are abused and mistreated in hospital: humiliation, harassment and bullying of all sorts are daily occurrences, in a highly competitive universe and difficult working environment. It is time for the managerial policy of hospitals to consider the human factor and the well-being of employees and students.
September 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918905/raising-suspicion-of-maltreatment-from-burns-derivation-and-validation-of-the-burn-tool
#8
Alison M Kemp, Linda Hollén, Alan M Emond, Diane Nuttall, David Rea, Sabine Maguire
BACKGROUND: 10-25% of childhood burns arise from maltreatment. AIM: To derive and validate a clinical prediction tool to assist the recognition of suspected maltreatment. METHODS: Prospectively collected data from 1327 children with burns were analyzed using logistic regression. Regression coefficients for variables associated with 'referral for child maltreatment investigation' (112 cases) in multivariable analyses were converted to integers to derive the BuRN-Tool, scoring each child on a continuous scale...
September 14, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913937/healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-neglect-of-older-people-in-mexico-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#9
Billy A Caceres, Linda Bub, Maria Isabel Negrete, Liliana Giraldo Rodríguez, Allison P Squires
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe healthcare professionals' perceptions of neglect of older people in Mexico. BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of older people, particularly neglect, has emerged as a significant public health concern worldwide. However, few studies have been conducted to examine neglect of older people in low- and middle-income countries. Most research has focused on estimating the prevalence of neglect in older populations with little emphasis on the perceptions of healthcare professionals and their role in addressing neglect of older people...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910599/a-meta-analytic-review-on-social-relationships-and-suicidal-ideation-among-older-adults
#10
Qingsong Chang, Chee Hon Chan, Paul S F Yip
Social relationships play an important role in mental health as well as suicidal ideation in later life. In contrast with the other well-established risk factors, despite an increasing number of related studies, no meta-analyses focusing on social relationships and late-life suicidal ideation have been published. Synthesis of data across the studies using different measurements of social relationships would allow for comparison of the effects on late-life suicidal ideation that have not been studied before...
September 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888290/experiencing-discrimination-in-los-angeles-latinos-at-the-intersection-of-legal-status-and-socioeconomic-status
#11
Nancy S Landale, R S Oropesa, Aggie J Noah
Despite its recent slowdown, immigration from Latin America continues to be a controversial issue. Some scholars argue that the social climate is increasingly inhospitable to Latinos, potentially fueling discriminatory attitudes and behaviors. However, little research has examined Latinos' experiences with discrimination, especially variation by nativity and legal status. We address this issue with research on perceived discrimination among Mexican and Central American residents of Los Angeles County, a major destination for Latin American immigrants...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874498/-go-back-to-california-when-providers-fail-transgender-patients
#12
Laura Arrowsmith
A transgender doctor is mistreated by a health care provider-and wants to make the system better for patients like her.
September 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864485/the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-elder-abuse-and-neglect-in-a-rural-community-of-negeri-sembilan-state-baseline-findings-from-the-malaysian-elder-mistreatment-project-maestro-a-population-based-survey
#13
Rajini Sooryanarayana, Wan Yuen Choo, Noran N Hairi, Karuthan Chinna, Farizah Hairi, Zainudin Mohamad Ali, Sharifah Nor Ahmad, Inayah Abdul Razak, Suriyati Abdul Aziz, Rohaya Ramli, Rosmala Mohamad, Zaiton Lal Mohammad, Devi Peramalah, Noor Ani Ahmad, Tahir Aris, Awang Bulgiba
BACKGROUND: As Malaysia is fast becoming an ageing nation, the health, safety and welfare of elders are major societal concerns. Elder abuse is a phenomenon recognised abroad but less so locally. This paper presents the baseline findings from the Malaysian Elder Mistreatment Project (MAESTRO) study, the first community-based study on elder abuse in Malaysia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, analysing baseline findings of a cohort of older adults. SETTING: Kuala Pilah district, Negeri Sembilan state, Malaysia...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860736/overdiagnosis-of-copd-in-hospitalized-patients
#14
Kerry Spero, Ghiath Bayasi, Linda Beaudry, Kimberly R Barber, Fahim Khorfan
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is usually made based on history and physical exam alone. Symptoms of dyspnea, cough, and wheeze are nonspecific and attributable to a variety of diseases. Confirmatory testing to verify the airflow obstruction is available but rarely used, which may result in substantial misdiagnoses of COPD. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of confirmatory testing and assess the accuracy of the diagnosis. METHODS: From January 2011 through December 2013, 6,018 patients with COPD as a principal or leading diagnosis were admitted at a community teaching hospital...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857597/a-sorrow-halved-a-daily-diary-study-on-talking-about-experienced-workplace-incivility-and-next-morning-negative-affect
#15
Stephanie Tremmel, Sabine Sonnentag
Incivility by coworkers and customers can have detrimental consequences for employees' affective well-being at work. However, little is known about whether incivility also impairs employees' affect at home and how long these negative effects may last. In this diary study, we examine whether incivility by coworkers and customers is related to next-morning negative affect via negative affect at the end of the workday and at bedtime, and investigate different modes of social sharing (i.e., conversations about experienced mistreatment) as day-level moderators of this relationship...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854925/sowing-the-seeds-of-transformative-practice-to-actualize-women-s-rights-to-respectful-maternity-care-reflections-from-kenya-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#16
Charlotte E Warren, Charity Ndwiga, Pooja Sripad, Melissa Medich, Anne Njeru, Alice Maranga, George Odhiambo, Timothy Abuya
BACKGROUND: Despite years of growing concern about poor provider attitudes and women experiencing mistreatment during facility based childbirth, there are limited interventions that specifically focus on addressing these issues. The Heshima project is an evidence-based participatory implementation research study conducted in 13 facilities in Kenya. It engaged a range of community, facility, and policy stakeholders to address the causes of mistreatment during childbirth and promote respectful maternity care...
August 30, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845175/microstructural-abnormalities-of-basal-ganglia-and-thalamus-in-bipolar-and-unipolar-disorders-a-diffusion-kurtosis-and-perfusion-imaging-study
#17
Lianping Zhao, Ying Wang, Yanbin Jia, Shuming Zhong, Yao Sun, Zhifeng Zhou, Zhongping Zhang, Li Huang
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is often misdiagnosed as unipolar depression (UD), leading to mistreatment and poor clinical outcomes. However, little is known about the similarities and differences in subcorticalgray matter regions between BD and UD. METHODS: Thirty-five BD patients, 30 UD patients and 40 healthy controls underwent diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) and three dimensional arterial spin labeling (3D ASL). The parameters including mean kurtosis (MK), axial kurtosis (Ka), radial kurtosis (Kr), fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (Da), radial diffusivity (Dr) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) were measured by using regions-of-interest analysis in the caudate, putamen and thalamus of the subcortical gray matter regions...
July 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837418/the-national-elder-mistreatment-study-an-8-year-longitudinal-study-of-outcomes
#18
Ron Acierno, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Georgia J Anetzberger, Daniel Loew, Wendy Muzzy
OBJECTIVES: To conduct an 8-year follow-up of the National Elder Mistreatment Study (NEMS) and specify risk ratios for negative outcomes of elder abuse, including DSM-5 defined depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and poor self-reported health. METHODS: Attempts were made to re-contact, via Computer Assisted Telephone Interview, all 752 NEMS participants who reported mistreatment since age 60 at Wave I, as well as a randomly selected sample of non-mistreated NEMS participants Results: 183 NEMS Wave I elder abuse victims and 591 non-victims provided data...
August 2017: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830383/midwives-and-patients-perspectives-on-disrespect-and-abuse-during-labor-and-delivery-care-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study
#19
Sahai Burrowes, Sarah Jane Holcombe, Dube Jara, Danielle Carter, Katheryn Smith
BACKGROUND: It is increasingly recognized that disrespect and abuse of women during labor and delivery is a violation of a woman's rights and a deterrent to the use of life-saving, facility-based labor and delivery services. In Ethiopia, rates of skilled birth attendance are still only 28% despite a recent dramatic national scale up in the numbers of trained providers and facilities. Concerns have been raised that womens' perceptions of poor quality of care and fear of mistreatment might contribute to this low utilization...
August 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829381/american-citizens-views-of-an-ideal-pig-farm
#20
Patrycia Sato, Maria J Hötzel, Marina A G von Keyserlingk
Food animal production practices are often cited as having negative animal welfare consequences. The U.S. swine industry has not been exempt from such criticisms. Little is known, however, about how lay citizens who are not actively engaged in agricultural discussions, think about swine production. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore the views of people not affiliated with the swine industry on what they perceived to be the ideal pig/pork farm, and their associated reasons. Through an online survey, participants were invited to respond to the following open-ended question: "What do you consider to be an ideal pig/pork farm and why are these characteristics important to you?"...
August 22, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
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