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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409519/effectiveness-of-respectful-care-policies-for-women-using-routine-intrapartum-services-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Soo Downe, Theresa A Lawrie, Kenny Finlayson, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Several studies have identified how mistreatment during labour and childbirth can act as a barrier to the use of health facilities. Despite general agreement that respectful maternity care (RMC) is a fundamental human right, and an important component of quality intrapartum care that every pregnant woman should receive, the effectiveness of proposed policies remains uncertain. We performed a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of introducing RMC policies into health facilities providing intrapartum services...
February 6, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395030/medical-student-perceptions-of-a-mistreatment-program-during-the-surgery-clerkship
#2
Brittany N Hasty, Sarah E Miller, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Dana T Lin, Edward S Shipper, James N Lau
BACKGROUND: Medical student mistreatment remains a concern, particularly in the surgery clerkship. This is a single academic institution's report of medical student perceptions of a mistreatment program embedded in the surgery clerkship. METHODS: Students who completed the surgery clerkship and the mistreatment program volunteered to be interviewed individually or in focus groups. The interviews were transcribed and qualitatively analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-four medical students were interviewed and nine transcripts were obtained...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383831/patterns-of-care-of-superficial-soft-tissue-sarcomas-it-is-not-always-just-a-lump
#3
Mark Ting Le Tan, Stephen R Thompson, Diane Schipp, Susie Bae, Philip J Crowe
AIM: Superficial soft tissue sarcomas (S-STS) are generally considered low-risk tumors and have an excellent prognosis when treated with appropriate surgery and adjuvant therapy. However, they are often misdiagnosed then mistreated, leading to significant morbidity. This study aims to examine the patterns of care and outcomes of patients with S-STS, comparing those initially managed through sarcoma units versus elsewhere. METHODS: Patients with S-STS from Prince of Wales Hospital in NSW (1995-2013) and Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Victoria (2009-2013) were identified from a national sarcoma database...
January 31, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383771/coccidioidomycosis-imported-and-possible-domestic-cases-in-china-a-case-report-and-review-1958-2017
#4
Guanzhao Liang, Yongnian Shen, Guixia Lv, Hailin Zheng, Huan Mei, Xiaoli Zheng, Xue Kong, Oliver Blechert, Dongmei Li, Weida Liu
We report a case of imported pulmonary coccidioidomycosis caused by Coccidioides posadasii in a patient who was misdiagnosed as tuberculosis and mistreated with antituberculosis medications for 18 months. The symptoms were not relieved until antifungal treatment was started. An extensive review of the coccidioidomycosis cases occurring in China reveals 38 cases, 16 of which had no associated history of travel to any traditional endemic areas. We speculate that some factors may drive Coccidioides spp. transference to China, which then causes those domestic infections...
January 31, 2018: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383051/tracking-student-mistreatment-data-to-improve-the-emergency-medicine-clerkship-learning-environment
#5
Joseph B House, Max C Griffith, Michelle D Kappy, Elizabeth Holman, Sally A Santen
Introduction: Medical student mistreatment is a prevalent and significant challenge for medical schools across the country, associated with negative emotional and professional consequences for students. The Association of American Medical Colleges and Liaison Committee on Medical Education have increasingly emphasized the issue of mistreatment in recent years, and medical schools are tasked with creating a positive learning climate. Methods: The authors describe the efforts of an emergency department (ED) to improve its clerkship learning environment, using a multifaceted approach for collecting mistreatment data and relaying them to educators and clerkship leadership...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377114/the-philippines-new-postabortion-care-policy
#6
Melissa Upreti, Jihan Jacob
In 2000, a Philippine policy clarifying the legality of medical treatment for women with postabortion complications was introduced to address unsafe abortion as a leading cause of maternal death, and reports of discrimination and abuse by healthcare providers against women who had abortions illegally. Despite its initial success as a pilot program, the policy's implementation and expansion were not prioritized. The incidence of unsafe abortion has increased over the years and, in 2009, the right to postabortion care was codified in national law, yet the mistreatment and abuse of women has continued in violation of medical ethics and the law...
January 27, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375008/when-patients-hurt-us
#7
Kali D Cyrus, Nancy R Angoff, Jessica L Illuzzi, Michael L Schwartz, Kirsten M Wilkins
In this thoughtful article, medical educators in various stages of their careers (resident, mid-career clinician-educators, medical school deans) reflect upon increasing reports of harassment and mistreatment of trainees by patients. In addition to providing a general overview of the limited literature on this topic, the authors describe their own experience collecting information on trainee mistreatment by patients at their institution. They explore the universal difficulty that educators face regarding how to best address this mistreatment and support both faculty and trainees...
January 29, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370220/women-s-experiences-with-unplanned-pregnancy-and-abortion-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#8
Ruvani T Jayaweera, Felistah Mbithe Ngui, Kelli Stidham Hall, Caitlin Gerdts
BACKGROUND: Safe and legal abortions are rarely practiced in the public health sector in Kenya, and rates of maternal mortality and morbidity from unsafe abortion is high. Little is known about women's experiences seeking and accessing abortion in informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Seven focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 71 women and girls recruited from an informal settlement in Nairobi. The interview guide explored participants' perceptions of unplanned pregnancy, abortion, and access to sexual and reproductive health information in their community...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360659/high-risk-of-mismatch-between-sanders-and-risser-staging-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-are-we-guiding-treatment-using-the-wrong-classification
#9
Anas Minkara, Nicole Bainton, Masashi Tanaka, Justin Kung, Christopher DeAllie, Alexandra Khaleel, Hiroko Matsumoto, Michael Vitale, Benjamin Roye
BACKGROUND: Despite known limitations, Risser staging has traditionally been the primary marker of skeletal maturity utilized in decision-making for treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence and factors associated with mismatch between Risser Staging and Sanders classification, and determine interobserver reliability. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of consecutive patients aged 10 to 18 referred to our institution for evaluation of AIS from January to June 2016 with a closed triradiate cartilage...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357866/family-caregiver-mistreatment-of-the-elderly-prevalence-of-risk-and-associated-factors
#10
Francesc Orfila, Montserrat Coma-Solé, Marta Cabanas, Francisco Cegri-Lombardo, Anna Moleras-Serra, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: The detection of elder mistreatment is emerging as a public health priority; however, abusive behaviors exercised by caregivers are little known and rarely detected among primary health care professionals. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of risk of abuse against community-residing elderly with moderate to severe dependency whose caregivers are relatives. In addition, we aim to describe the association between such a risk and socio-demographic variables, cognitive and dependency state of the victim, and the scale of the caregiver's anxiety, depression, and burden...
January 22, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355004/-exploration-on-the-history-of-acupuncture-in-chinese-buddhist-canon
#11
Liangsong Li, Zhaogeng Lin
It is believed that acupuncture science of Buddhist medicine has a long history and great characteristics after the investigation, research and analysis on the historic literature of acupuncture in Chinese Buddhist Canon. The writers tried to give the statements from 4 aspects. 1. Science of acupuncture in the time of Buddha. Firstly, the Buddhist acupuncture was mentioned in the time of Buddha, including substantial acupuncture, finger acupuncture and mental acupuncture. The substantial acupuncture refers to metal needle, plant needle, stone needle, bone needle, etc...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338831/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-acute-intermittent-porphyria
#12
Jie Bai, Zhi Hong Wang
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is a metabolic disease caused by hepatic deficiency of hydroxymethylbilane synthase. Its clinical manifestations include acute abdominal pain,neuropsychological abnormalities,and red urine. Due to its low incidence and varied clinical symptoms,the rates of misdiagnosis and mistreatment were particularly high. Biochemical testing and gene detection contribute to diagnosis. Management strategies include intravenous administration of human haemin,carbohydrate loading and symptomatic treatment...
December 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325572/modeling-the-relationship-between-women-s-perceptions-and-future-intention-to-use-institutional-maternity-care-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#13
Emily Peca, John Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Despite global gains, women in hard-to-reach areas are at a relatively higher risk of death and disability related to childbirth. Traditional methods of measuring satisfaction may mask negative experiences (such as disrespect and abuse) that can drive down demand for institutional care. Better measurement of women's perceptions of care quality, especially among marginalized populations with historically low utilization of institutional care, are needed to inform how to improve services and foster greater utilization of (potentially life-saving) clinical care...
January 11, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304814/service-providers-experiences-of-disrespectful-and-abusive-behavior-towards-women-during-facility-based-childbirth-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#14
Anteneh Asefa, Delayehu Bekele, Alison Morgan, Michelle Kermode
BACKGROUND: Disrespect and abuse (D&A) of women during childbirth by the attending staff in health facilities has been widely reported in many countries. Although D&A in labor rooms is recognized as a deterrent to maternal health service utilization, approaches to defining, classifying, and measuring D&A are still at an early stage of development. This study aims to enhance understanding of service providers' experiences of D&A during facility based childbirth in health facilities in Addis Ababa...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302648/incidence-of-malaria-typhoid-co-infection-among-adult-population-in-unwana-community-afikpo-north-local-government-area-ebonyi-state-southeastern-nigeria
#15
O O Odikamnoro, I M Ikeh, F N Okoh, S C Ebiriekwe, I A Nnadozie, J O Nkwuda, G C Asobie
Background: Malaria and typhoid fever are two leading infections of poverty with serious health and socioeconomic impacts, and due to their geographical overlap, co-infections are very common. Their mimicking symptomatology often present with gross misdiagnosis and mistreatment. This study was carried out to determine the incidence of malaria and typhoid co-infections among adult population in Unwana Community, Afikpo-North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and fifty (350) individuals were examined, their blood samples subjected to microscopic examination and widal agglutination tests, for identification of Plasmodium parasites and antibodies to Salmonella enterica serovar typhi respectively...
2018: African Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294995/experiences-of-elder-mistreatment-a-latent-profile-analysis
#16
Srinivasan Chokkanathan
Using a polyvictimization framework, this study seeks to identify profiles of older adults who are mistreated by their family members. Data were drawn from a survey ( n = 897) on the prevalence of elder mistreatment in rural India. This study involved 187 community-dwelling older adults (aged 61 years and above) with experiences of mistreatment in the year prior to the interview. Mistreatment was assessed through an adapted version of the Conflict Tactics Scale. Latent profile analysis was conducted to classify older adults into empirically derived clusters...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294892/factors-associated-with-child-maltreatment-among-children-aged-11-to-17-years-in-community-settings-of-karachi-pakistan-using-belsky-ecological-framework
#17
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, Muhammad Masood Kadir
Child maltreatment is considered as a global social issue and results as combined effect of parental background, socioeconomic environment, family structure, and child characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in Karachi, Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey of 800 pairs (children ranging from 11 to 17 years old and their parents) was randomly selected from 32 clusters of Karachi, using multistage cluster sampling. A structured questionnaire was adopted from the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (International Child Abuse Screening Tool for Parent [ICAST-P] and for Child [ICAST-C])...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294833/animal-maltreatment-as-a-risk-marker-of-more-frequent-and-severe-forms-of-intimate-partner-violence
#18
Betty Jo Barrett, Amy Fitzgerald, Rochelle Stevenson, Chi Ho Cheung
Although there is a growing body of literature documenting the co-occurrence of animal abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV), only a few studies have examined the relationship between animal maltreatment, types of IPV, and abuse severity. The results of those studies have been inconclusive and in some cases even contradictory. The current study contributes new findings to that specific segment of the literature and sheds some light on the inconsistent findings in previous studies. Data were gathered from 86 abused women receiving services from domestic violence shelters across Canada via a structured survey about pet abuse and the level and types of IPV perpetrated by abusive partners...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294807/prevalence-of-elder-polyvictimization-in-the-united-states-data-from-the-national-elder-mistreatment-study
#19
Joah L Williams, Elise H Racette, Melba A Hernandez-Tejada, Ron Acierno
Elder abuse, including emotional, physical, sexual, financial, and neglectful mistreatment is widespread in the United States, with as much as 11% of community-residing older adults experiencing some form of abuse in the past year. Little data exist regarding the prevalence of polyvictimization, or experience of multiple forms of abuse, which may exacerbate negative outcomes over that of any one form of victimization in isolation. This study evaluates the prevalence of elder polyvictimization among a nationally representative sample of community-residing U...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286018/miliary-pulmonary-infection-after-bcg-intravesical-instillation-a-rare-misdiagnosed-and-mistreated-complication
#20
Giorgio Calleris, Giancarlo Marra, Silvia Corcione, Marco Oderda, Chiara Cardellino, Sabrina Audagnotto, Bruno Frea, Francesco Giuseppe De Rosa, Paolo Gontero
Intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy decreases the progression risk of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, but potentially yields a broad spectrum of side effects. We report the case of a 73-year-old man affected by miliary pulmonary BCG infection, whose microbiological diagnosis was probably hindered by empiric fluoroquinolones, focusing on imaging and clinical work-up.
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
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