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Mistreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890267/-the-silence-of-a-body-and-speech-set-free
#1
Maurice Corcos
Anorexia is a reflection of issues with the body in all its states. The social body and the representation of a model's body, mistreated in order to meet certain standards, the medical body shaken by the mystery of anorexia, and the subjective body and the reality of the flesh. The anorexic body is a testament to a past full of pain and neglect, a sign of emotional deficiency. Caring for the body of a person with anorexia, whatever the approach, means also and above all working with the future of a human being...
November 2016: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861479/-gender-based-relations-and-mistreatment-in-medical-schools-a-pending-agenda-in-mexico-and-the-world
#2
Luz María Ángela Moreno-Tetlacuilo, Harumi Quezada-Yamamoto, Elsa Susana Guevara-Ruiseñor, Nora Ibarra-Araujo, Nora Liliana Martínez-Gatica, Roberto Pedraza-Moreno
The purpose of this review is to describe and analyze the status of gender violence in medical schools around the world, and its consequences in undergraduate students' health and academic development, mainly on female students. The different modalities reported in the literature are presented: gender discrimination, sexism, and sexual harassment, among others. The increase of women in medical schools has not transcendentally improved their condition in these institutions, where androcentrism and gender regimes that favor gender violence reproduce...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861478/-a-systematic-review-of-mistreatmen-in-medical-students
#3
Antonio Chávez-Rivera, Luciana Ramos-Lira, Luis Felipe Abreu-Hernández
Mistreatment of medical students is an international problem that has been reported for decades in different countries, but its conceptualization and registration form are very heterogeneous. This review aims to identify the main features of this mistreatment from a systematic analysis of the literature published between 1980 and 2016. Using databases, 118 published papers were obtained under the selected criteria. Most widely accepted definitions are presented and structuring of the following categories: directionality, types, perpetrators, scenarios, vulnerable groups, consequences, complaints, and the way they justify mistreatment...
November 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812378/the-clinical-characteristics-and-hospital-and-post-hospital-survival-of-patients-with-the-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-analysis-of-a-large-cohort
#4
P E Marik, C Chen
OBJECTIVE: The worldwide prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a common yet largely undiagnosed and mistreated condition that likely carries a high mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, hospital outcome, outcome following hospital discharge and predictors of death in a large cohort of patients hospitalized with OHS. OHS is an important condition as many patients with this syndrome are misdiagnosed and receive inappropriate treatment...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809645/experiences-and-perspectives-on-advance-care-planning-among-individuals-living-with-serious-physical-disabilities
#5
Suzanne E Mitchell, Gabriela M Weigel, Sabrina K A Stewart, Morgan Mako, John F Loughnane
BACKGROUND: Despite frequent encounters with the healthcare system and high risk for secondary conditions, it is unclear how frequently individuals living with serious physical disabilities document advance directives (AD) or engage in advance care planning (ACP). Their perspectives on these topics are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to characterize the perspectives of individuals with serious physical disabilities receiving care from two different healthcare delivery settings on the value of AD and ACP...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793115/women-s-status-and-experiences-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-uttar-pradesh-a-mixed-methods-study-using-cultural-health-capital-theory
#6
May Sudhinaraset, Emily Treleaven, Jason Melo, Kanksha Singh, Nadia Diamond-Smith
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of women in healthcare settings during childbirth has been gaining attention globally. Mistreatment during childbirth directly and indirectly affects health outcomes, patient satisfaction, and the likelihood of delivering in a facility currently or in the future. It is important that we study patients' reports of mistreatment and abuse to develop a deeper understanding of how it is perpetrated, its consequences, and to identify potential points of intervention...
October 28, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786506/service-workers-chain-reactions-to-daily-customer-mistreatment-behavioral-linkages-mechanisms-and-boundary-conditions
#7
Nai-Wen Chi, Jixia Yang, Chia-Ying Lin
Drawing on the stressor-emotion model, we examine how customer mistreatment can evoke service workers' passive forms of deviant behaviors (i.e., work withdrawal behavior [WWB]) and negative impacts on their home life (i.e., work-family conflict [WFC]), and whether individuals' core self-evaluations and customer service training can buffer the negative effects of customer mistreatment. Using the experience sampling method, we collect daily data from 77 customer service employees for 10 consecutive working days, yielding 546 valid daily responses...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782915/cutting-close-to-the-bone-student-trauma-free-speech-and-institutional-responsibility-in-medical-education
#8
Arno K Kumagai, Brittani Jackson, Saleem Razack
Learning the societal roles and responsibilities of the physician may involve difficult, contentious conversations about topics such as race, gender, sexual orientation, and class, as well as violence, inequities, sexual assault, and child abuse. If not done well, these discussions may be deeply traumatizing to learners for whom these subjects "cut close to the bone." Equally traumatizing is exposure to injustice and mistreatment, as well as to the sights, sounds, and smells of suffering and pain in the clinical years...
October 25, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779512/the-discriminatory-patient-and-family-strategies-to-address-discrimination-towards-trainees
#9
Emily E Whitgob, Rebecca L Blankenburg, Alyssa L Bogetz
PURPOSE: Trainee mistreatment remains an important and serious medical education issue. Mistreatment toward trainees by the medical team has been described; mistreatment by patients and families has not. Motivated by discrimination towards a resident by a family in their emergency department, the authors sought to identify strategies for trainees and physicians to respond effectively to mistreatment by patients and families. METHOD: A purposeful sample of pediatric faculty educational leaders was recruited from April-June 2014 at Stanford University...
November 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779448/the-conceptualization-of-mistreatment-by-older-american-indians
#10
Lori L Jervis, William Sconzert-Hall
The problem of how to conceptualize elder mistreatment goes back several decades, and is especially important for ethnic minority populations, who may have perspectives that differ from the dominant society. This community-based participatory research study, which examined perceptions of mistreatment by family among 100 urban and rural older American Indians, permits a rare glimpse into how Native elders themselves understand this issue. Here, good treatment was conceptualized in terms of being taken care of, having one's needs met, and being respected...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769010/secrecy-inhibits-support-a-grounded-theory-of-community-perspectives-of-women-suffering-from-obstetric-fistula-in-kenya
#11
T Lavender, S Wakasiaka, L McGowan, M Moraa, J Omari, W Khisa
AIM: this study aimed to gain understanding of the views of community members in relation to obstetric fistula. DESIGN AND METHOD: a qualitative, grounded theory approach was adopted. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 45 community members. The constant comparison method enabled generation of codes and subsequent conceptualisations, from the data. SETTING: participants were from communities served by two hospitals in Kenya; Kisii and Kenyatta...
October 4, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755174/the-protective-role-of-self-efficacy-against-workplace-incivility-and-burnout-in-nursing-a-time-lagged-study
#12
Roberta Fida, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Michael P Leiter
BACKGROUND: Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749168/diagnosis-by-documentary-professional-responsibilities-in-informal-encounters
#13
Alistair Wardrope, Markus Reuber
Most work addressing clinical workers' professional responsibilities concerns the norms of conduct within established professional-patient relationships, but such responsibilities may extend beyond the clinical context. We explore health workers' professional responsibilities in such "informal" encounters through the example of a doctor witnessing the misdiagnosis and mistreatment of a serious long-term condition in a television documentary, arguing that neither internalist approaches to professional responsibility (such as virtue ethics or care ethics) nor externalist ones (such as the "social contract" model) provide sufficiently clear guidance in such situations...
November 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745989/imaging-findings-in-elder-abuse-a-role-for-radiologists-in-detection
#14
Natalie Z Wong, Tony Rosen, Allen M Sanchez, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Kevin W Mennitt, Keith Hentel, Refky Nicola, Kieran Murphy, Veronica M LoFaso, Neal E Flomenbaum, Mark S Lachs
PURPOSE: Emergency department assessment represents a critical but often missed opportunity to identify elder abuse, which is common and has serious consequences. Among emergency care providers, diagnostic radiologists are optimally positioned to raise suspicion for mistreatment when reviewing imaging of geriatric injury victims. However, little literature exists describing relevant injury patterns, and most radiologists currently receive neither formal nor informal training in elder abuse identification...
October 13, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739929/elder-mistreatment-in-underserved-populations-opportunities-and-challenges-to-developing-a-contemporary-program-of-research
#15
Lori L Jervis, Sherry Hamby, Scott R Beach, Mary L Williams, Valerie Maholmes, Dorothy M Castille
This article provides an overview of the status of research on elder mistreatment among underserved populations in the United States, including gaps in our current knowledge base, scientific and structural barriers to growing research on the exploitation, neglect, and abuse of older people from diverse and disadvantaged ethnic/racial, geographic, sexual identity, and socioeconomic groups. High priority areas in need of new elder mistreatment research with underserved populations are identified, and suggestions are given for how this research can be facilitated by researchers, university institutional review boards, and funding agencies...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733508/the-consequences-of-intimate-partner-violence-on-health-a-further-disaggregation-of-psychological-violence-evidence-from-spain
#16
Ines Domenech Del Rio, Elena Sirvent Garcia Del Valle
Using a nationally representative sample of 10,171 women, this study examines the association between current and previous intimate partner violence and current health status. Current physical or sexual violence was associated with the highest likelihood of reporting health outcomes, followed by current emotional or economic abuse. Current controlling behavior increased the odds of reporting poor health whereas previous controlling behavior has less effect on current health. Controlling behavior alone often is the first expression of mistreatment...
October 11, 2016: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682253/studies-on-forensic-nursing-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
M H Pereira de Paiva, L Pinheiro Lages, Z Cavalcanti de Medeiros
AIM: To identify and synthesize the national and international literature on forensic nursing in Brazil. BACKGROUND: Forensic nursing is a new specialty to the nursing practice in Brazil, being recognized by the Federal Nursing Council of Brazil in 2011. In 2016, the first forensic nursing specialization programme was authorized in the country. INTRODUCTION: The implementation of forensic nursing specialty in Brazil marks new possibilities for the nursing practice, making it possible for nurses to develop additional skills to intervene in various situations under the Brazilian Unified Healthcare System...
September 29, 2016: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670427/cluster-headache-in-greece-an-observational-clinical-and-demographic-study-of-302-patients
#18
Michail Vikelis, Alan M Rapoport
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) is considered the most excruciating primary headache syndrome; although much less prevalent than migraine, it is not rare as it affects more than 1/1000 people. While its clinical presentation is considered stereotypic, atypical features are often encountered. Internationally, cluster headache is often misdiagnosed, undertreated and mistreated. METHODS: We prospectively studied 302 CH patients, all examined by the same headache specialist...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663796/bipolar-disorder-and-early-affective-trauma
#19
Aloise de Codt, Pauline Monhonval, Xavier Bongaerts, Ikram Belkacemi, Juan Martin Tecco
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric disease with a high prevalence and is a major psychosocial and medical burden. The exact etiological pathways of bipolar disorder are not fully understood. Genetic factors are known to play an important role in the etiology of bipolar disorder. However, high rates of discordance among identical twins and a growing body of evidence that environmental factors such as early stress can influence the onset and course of psychiatric diseases underline the importance of additional etiological mechanisms of bipolar disorders...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636657/elder-mistreatment-predicts-later-physical-and-psychological-health-results-from-a-national-longitudinal-study
#20
Jaclyn S Wong, Linda J Waite
Stress process theory predicts that elder mistreatment leads to declines in health, and that social support buffers its ill effects. We test this theory using nationally representative, longitudinal data from 2,261 older adults in the National Social Life Health and Aging Project. We regress psychological and physical health in 2010/2011 on verbal and financial mistreatment experience in 2005/2006 and find that the mistreated have more anxiety symptoms, greater feelings of loneliness, and worse physical and functional health 5 years later than those who did not report mistreatment...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
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