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T Lavender, S Wakasiaka, L McGowan, M Moraa, J Omari, W Khisa
AIM: this study aimed to gain understanding of the views of community members in relation to obstetric fistula. DESIGN AND METHOD: a qualitative, grounded theory approach was adopted. Data were collected using in-depth interviews with 45 community members. The constant comparison method enabled generation of codes and subsequent conceptualisations, from the data. SETTING: participants were from communities served by two hospitals in Kenya; Kisii and Kenyatta...
October 4, 2016: Midwifery
Roberta Fida, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Michael P Leiter
BACKGROUND: Incivility has negative consequences in the workplace and remains a prevalent issue in nursing. Research has consistently linked incivility to nurse burnout and, in turn, to poor mental health and turnover intentions. To retain high-quality nurses, it is important to understand what factors might protect nurses from the negative effects of workplace mistreatment. PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the role of relational occupational coping self-efficacy in protecting nurses from workplace incivility and related burnout and turnover intentions...
October 14, 2016: Health Care Management Review
Alistair Wardrope, Markus Reuber
Most work addressing clinical workers' professional responsibilities concerns the norms of conduct within established professional-patient relationships, but such responsibilities may extend beyond the clinical context. We explore health workers' professional responsibilities in such "informal" encounters through the example of a doctor witnessing the misdiagnosis and mistreatment of a serious long-term condition in a television documentary, arguing that neither internalist approaches to professional responsibility (such as virtue ethics or care ethics) nor externalist ones (such as the "social contract" model) provide sufficiently clear guidance in such situations...
November 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Natalie Z Wong, Tony Rosen, Allen M Sanchez, Elizabeth M Bloemen, Kevin W Mennitt, Keith Hentel, Refky Nicola, Kieran Murphy, Veronica M LoFaso, Neal E Flomenbaum, Mark S Lachs
PURPOSE: Emergency department assessment represents a critical but often missed opportunity to identify elder abuse, which is common and has serious consequences. Among emergency care providers, diagnostic radiologists are optimally positioned to raise suspicion for mistreatment when reviewing imaging of geriatric injury victims. However, little literature exists describing relevant injury patterns, and most radiologists currently receive neither formal nor informal training in elder abuse identification...
October 13, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
Lori L Jervis, Sherry Hamby, Scott R Beach, Mary L Williams, Valerie Maholmes, Dorothy M Castille
This article provides an overview of the status of research on elder mistreatment among underserved populations in the United States, including gaps in our current knowledge base, scientific and structural barriers to growing research on the exploitation, neglect, and abuse of older people from diverse and disadvantaged ethnic/racial, geographic, sexual identity, and socioeconomic groups. High priority areas in need of new elder mistreatment research with underserved populations are identified, and suggestions are given for how this research can be facilitated by researchers, university institutional review boards, and funding agencies...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Ines Domenech Del Rio, Elena Sirvent Garcia Del Valle
Using a nationally representative sample of 10,171 women, this study examines the association between current and previous intimate partner violence and current health status. Current physical or sexual violence was associated with the highest likelihood of reporting health outcomes, followed by current emotional or economic abuse. Current controlling behavior increased the odds of reporting poor health whereas previous controlling behavior has less effect on current health. Controlling behavior alone often is the first expression of mistreatment...
October 11, 2016: Violence Against Women
M H Pereira de Paiva, L Pinheiro Lages, Z Cavalcanti de Medeiros
AIM: To identify and synthesize the national and international literature on forensic nursing in Brazil. BACKGROUND: Forensic nursing is a new specialty to the nursing practice in Brazil, being recognized by the Federal Nursing Council of Brazil in 2011. In 2016, the first forensic nursing specialization programme was authorized in the country. INTRODUCTION: The implementation of forensic nursing specialty in Brazil marks new possibilities for the nursing practice, making it possible for nurses to develop additional skills to intervene in various situations under the Brazilian Unified Healthcare System...
September 29, 2016: International Nursing Review
Michail Vikelis, Alan M Rapoport
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) is considered the most excruciating primary headache syndrome; although much less prevalent than migraine, it is not rare as it affects more than 1/1000 people. While its clinical presentation is considered stereotypic, atypical features are often encountered. Internationally, cluster headache is often misdiagnosed, undertreated and mistreated. METHODS: We prospectively studied 302 CH patients, all examined by the same headache specialist...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Aloise de Codt, Pauline Monhonval, Xavier Bongaerts, Ikram Belkacemi, Juan Martin Tecco
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric disease with a high prevalence and is a major psychosocial and medical burden. The exact etiological pathways of bipolar disorder are not fully understood. Genetic factors are known to play an important role in the etiology of bipolar disorder. However, high rates of discordance among identical twins and a growing body of evidence that environmental factors such as early stress can influence the onset and course of psychiatric diseases underline the importance of additional etiological mechanisms of bipolar disorders...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Jaclyn S Wong, Linda J Waite
Stress process theory predicts that elder mistreatment leads to declines in health, and that social support buffers its ill effects. We test this theory using nationally representative, longitudinal data from 2,261 older adults in the National Social Life Health and Aging Project. We regress psychological and physical health in 2010/2011 on verbal and financial mistreatment experience in 2005/2006 and find that the mistreated have more anxiety symptoms, greater feelings of loneliness, and worse physical and functional health 5 years later than those who did not report mistreatment...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Therdpong Tempark, Ramrada Lekwuttikarn, Susheera Chatproedprai, Siriwan Wananukul
Nail scabies is an interesting clinical presentation of scabies. Although it is usually found concomitant with characteristic dermatologic manifestations, it may present as an isolated finding in the immunocompromised host. This condition is commonly mistaken with other diseases such as nail dystrophy, nail psoriasis and onychomycosis. We report two cases of unusual nail presentations that provide clues to diagnosis. Also, literature on unusual nail and dermatologic presentations was reviewed to recognize dermatologist consideration for appropriate treatment options...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Sherry Hamby, Alli Smith, Kimberly Mitchell, Heather Turner
This literature review assesses the current state of knowledge about elder abuse and mistreatment, focusing on the lack of incorporation of all forms of elder victimization and the benefits of a poly-victimization framework. This review also includes existing knowledge on risk factors and calls for a greater focus on protective factors and a greater inclusion on family and community factors. Future research, prevention, and intervention would benefit from considering the true burden of elder victimization and a greater implementation of strengths-based approaches to programs...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Gözde Ozaras, Süheyla Abaan
BACKGROUND: Professional nurses provide holistic healthcare to people and deal with patients closely. Furthermore, patients need nurses to do self-care and patients trust them for their treatments. Therefore, trust is extremely important in a professional care relationship and in satisfactory patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the patients' views on the trust status toward nurses and the factors important for the development of trust in a nurse-patient relationship...
September 7, 2016: Nursing Ethics
X G An, Y Q Zhang, J Ding, F Wang, H J Xiao, Y Yao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and the status of diagnosis and treatment of patients with Alport syndrome in China. METHOD: Patients with affirmative diagnosis of Alport syndrome from Department of Pedatrics, Peking University First Hospital in the past 20 years (1995-2015) were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical data including initial symptoms, visit reasons, age at onset of disease, family history, hereditary mode, methods of diagnosis, misdiagnosis and mistreatment were collected...
September 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Carlos Herrera Vacaflor
Argentina has recognized women's right to not be subjected to obstetric violence, the violence exercised by health personnel on the body and reproductive processes of pregnant women, as expressed through dehumanizing treatment, medicalization abuse, and the conversion of natural processes of reproduction into pathological ones. Argentina's legislative decision to frame this abuse and mistreatment of women under the rubric of gender-based violence permits the identification of failures in both the healthcare system and women's participation in society...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
Laura Mosqueda, Kerry Burnight, Melanie W Gironda, Alison A Moore, Jehni Robinson, Bonnie Olsen
Ten percent of older adults experience elder mistreatment, and it is much more common in older adults with dementia. It is associated with higher rates of psychological distress, hospitalization, and death and, in the United States, costs billions of dollars each year. Although elder mistreatment is relatively common and costly, it is estimated that fewer than 10% of instances of elder mistreatment are reported. Given these data, there is a great need for research on interventions to mitigate elder mistreatment and for a practical model or framework to use in approaching such interventions...
September 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
J Njeru, G Wareth, F Melzer, K Henning, M W Pletz, R Heller, H Neubauer
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is a debilitating zoonotic disease affecting humans and animals. A comprehensive, evidence-based assessment of literature and officially available data on animal and human brucellosis for Kenya are missing. The aim of the current review is to provide frequency estimates of brucellosis in humans, animals and risk factors for human infection, and help to understand the current situation in Kenya. METHODS: A total of accessible 36 national and international publications on brucellosis from 1916 to 2016 were reviewed to estimate the frequency of brucellosis in humans and animals, and strength of associations between potential risk factors and seropositivity in humans in Kenya...
August 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
S Touzet-Roumazeille, L Jayyosi, Y Plenier, E Guyot, T Guillard, C François
Children represent a population at risk, because of their short size, their naivety and their attraction to animals. The face and hands are the most specific locations in young children. Wounds are often multiple. In more than half the cases, the child knows the animal, which are dogs and cats by frequency argument. The bite episode occurs mostly when the child is alone with the pet without direct supervision, while playing or stroking the animal. As in all bites, pediatric lesions are infectious, functional and aesthetic emergencies, but the goal of this work was primarily to make a point on principles of surgical management of animal bites in children, highlighting pediatric specificities...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Michelle M Williams, Hazem Mashaly, Vinay K Puduvalli, Ming Jin, Ehud Mendel
The authors report a case of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) presenting as a paraspinal, epidural mass. This disease encompasses a host of autoimmune conditions that were previously thought to be separate entities. It is characterized by fibrosis, mediated by the aberrant proliferation and tissue invasion of IgG4-positive plasma cells, which can occur in any organ. As with other autoimmune conditions, it tends to be responsive to steroids and other immunosuppressants. It can rarely present as a tumefactive lesion of the central nervous system, creating the potential for misdiagnosis (given its similar radiological appearance to malignancy) and mistreatment...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Romina Deldar, Derek Thomas, Anna Maria Storniolo
Importance. Oftentimes, when patients with metastatic cancer present with acute encephalopathy, it is suspected to be secondary to their underlying malignancy. However, there are multiple causes of delirium such as central nervous system (CNS) infections, electrolyte abnormalities, and drug adverse reactions. Because West Nile Virus (WNV) neuroinvasive disease has a high mortality rate in immunosuppressed patients, a high index of suspicion is required in patients who present with fever, altered mental status, and other neurological symptoms...
2016: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
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