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Mistreatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212641/local-constraints-to-access-appropriate-malaria-treatment-in-the-context-of-parasite-resistance-in-cambodia-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jesse Verschuere, Tom Decroo, Dara Lim, Jean-Marie Kindermans, Chea Nguon, Rekol Huy, Yasmine Alkourdi, Koen Peeters Grietens, Charlotte Gryseels
BACKGROUND: Despite emerging drug resistance in Cambodia, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is still the most efficacious therapy. ACT is available free of charge in the Cambodian public sector and at a subsidized rate in the private sector. However, un- and mistreated cases in combination with population movements may lead to the further spread of resistant parasites, stressing the importance of understanding how the perceived aetiology of malaria and associated health-seeking behaviour may delay access to appropriate treatment...
February 17, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204580/when-helping-hurts-nonabusing-family-friends-and-neighbors-in-the-lives-of-elder-mistreatment-victims
#2
Risa Breckman, David Burnes, Sarah Ross, Philip C Marshall, J Jill Suitor, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193645/not-your-usual-constipation-stercoral-perforation
#3
Matthew Marget, Hussam Ammar
Stercoral perforation is a rare cause of bowel perforation. It is caused by faecal impaction, which generates pressure against the colon wall, leading to ischaemic necrosis and subsequent perforation. Since diagnosis is often delayed, stercoral perforation is usually mistreated as constipation or faecal impaction, leading to high mortality. This report presents a case of stercoral perforation in a woman aged 34 years who was promptly diagnosed and successfully treated.
February 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183852/incarceration-and-exposure-to-internally-displaced-persons-camps-associated-with-reproductive-rights-abuses-among-sex-workers-in-northern-uganda
#4
Margaret Erickson, Shira M Goldenberg, Monica Akello, Godfrey Muzaaya, Paul Nguyen, Josephine Birungi, Kate Shannon
BACKGROUND: While female sex workers (FSWs) face a high burden of violence and criminalisation, coupled with low access to safe, non-coercive care, little is known about such experiences among FSWs in conflict-affected settings, particularly as they relate to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights. We explored factors associated with lifetime abortions among FSWs in northern Uganda; and separately modelled the independent effect of lifetime exposures to incarceration and living in internally displaced persons (IDP) camps on coerced and unsafe abortions...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158994/impact-of-communities-health-and-emotional-related-factors-on-smoking-use-comparison-of-joint-modeling-of-mean-and-dispersion-and-bayes-hierarchical-models-on-add-health-survey
#5
Jie Pu, Di Fang, Jeffrey R Wilson
BACKGROUND: The analysis of correlated binary data is commonly addressed through the use of conditional models with random effects included in the systematic component as opposed to generalized estimating equations (GEE) models that addressed the random component. Since the joint distribution of the observations is usually unknown, the conditional distribution is a natural approach. Our objective was to compare the fit of different binary models for correlated data in Tabaco use. We advocate that the joint modeling of the mean and dispersion may be at times just as adequate...
February 3, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131325/mistreatment-and-the-learning-environment-for-medical-students-on-general-surgery-clerkship-rotations-what-do-key-stakeholders-think
#6
Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Ammara A Watkins, Danilo Acosta, Julia L Frydman, Lydia Flier, Alejandro Garces-Descovich, Michael J Cahalane, Sidharta P Gangadharan, Katharyn M Atkins, Tara S Kent
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment has potential downstream effects on students. General surgery rotations tend to have a higher incidence of mistreatment reports. This study was undertaken to identify dominant themes contributing to a negative learning environment. METHODS: A qualitative study was performed using Delphi consensus technique to develop a discussion guide. Four focus groups were performed (n = 30 participants) with medical students, residents, nurses, and attending surgeons...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128804/-morally-incorrect-incidents-perceived-by-third-year-medical-students-in-2009-and-2015
#7
Ana María Rancich, Sabrina Fernanda-Merino, María Cecilia Valicenti, María Belén López-Prieto, Martín Donato, Ricardo Jorge Gelpi
The teacher-student relationship in medicine is affected by incidents performed by teachers and perceived by students as morally incorrect. The objectives were to analyze these incidents perceived by third year medical students in 2009 and 2015, according to gender, position, career year, and instance, and to compare categories and motives. This is quantitative-qualitative research, based on a survey with closed and open items: to narrate incidents and motives. The relationship between variables was established with χ2 (p ≤ 0...
January 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128780/perceived-workplace-mistreatment-case-of-latina-hotel-housekeepers
#8
Yu-Chin Jerrie Hsieh, Sevil Sönmez, Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael Kenneth Lemke
BACKGROUND: Latina hotel housekeepers' social class, gender, race/ethnicity, nationality, and United States immigration status render them particularly vulnerable to workplace mistreatment. OBJECTIVE: We sought to reveal the array of policy- and interpersonal-related mistreatment experienced by Latina hotel housekeepers in the southeastern United States employed at 75 local hotels which included 4-star, 3-star, 2-star, and 1-star properties. METHODS: This ethnographic study involved 27 in-depth interviews with Latina hotel housekeepers...
January 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128082/a-giant-basal-cell-carcinoma-misdiagnosed-and-mistreated-as-a-chronic-venous-ulcer
#9
Dijana Celić, Jasna Lipozenčić, Suzana Ljubojević Hadžavdić, Jolanda Kanižaj Rajković, Davorin Lončarić, Tajana Borlinić
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common cutaneous malignancy. Giant BCCs are quite rare. They can cause extensive local invasion, disfigurement, and metastasis. We present a case of a 58-year-old woman with an unrecognized and inadequately treated ulcerated giant BCC sized 12.5 × 10.0 cm that occurred on her left lower leg without any sign of metastasis. Neglect and inadequate treatment of the primary lesion are the most important contributing factors responsible for size in giant BCC.
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121657/a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-a-novel-mistreatment-program-for-the-surgery-core-clerkship
#10
James N Lau, Laura M Mazer, Cara A Liebert, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Dana T Lin, Ilene Harris
PURPOSE: To review mistreatment reports from before and after implementation of a mistreatment program, and student ratings of and qualitative responses to the program to evaluate the short-term impact on students. METHOD: In January 2014, a video- and discussion-based mistreatment program was implemented for the surgery clerkship at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The program aims to help students establish expectations for the learning environment; create a shared and personal definition of mistreatment; and promote advocacy and empowerment to address mistreatment...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116444/-multiple-myeloma-with-oral-amyloidosis-report-of-a-case-and-literature-review
#11
Nuan Li, Wei Shang, Xue-Cai Yang, Kai Song
Multiple myeloma is the most common type of multifocal plasma cell proliferation in the bone marrow, whereas cases with multiple amyloidosis of oral cavity are rarely documented. Clinically, the disease is easily miss- diagnosed and mistreated due to lack of specificity. This article reported a rare case with multiple myeloma and amyloidosis of tongue, gingiva, buccal mucosa, followed by a review of relevant literature.
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111221/differential-experiences-of-mexican-policing-by-people-who-inject-drugs-residing-in-tijuana-and-san-diego
#12
Emily F Wood, Dan Werb, Leo Beletsky, Gudelia Rangel, Jazmine Cuevas Mota, Richard S Garfein, Steffanie A Strathdee, Karla D Wagner
BACKGROUND: Research among people who inject drugs (PWIDs) in the USA and Mexico has identified a range of adverse health impacts associated with policing of PWIDs. We employed a mixed methods design to investigate how PWIDs from San Diego and Mexico experienced policing in Tijuana, and how these interactions affect PWIDs behavior, stratifying by country of origin. METHODS: In 2012-2014, 575 PWIDs in San Diego, 102 of whom had used drugs in Mexico in the past six months, were enrolled in the STAHR-II study, with qualitative interviews conducted with a subsample of 20 who had recently injected drugs in Mexico...
January 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097902/mistreatment-of-medical-students-in-the-third-year-may-not-be-the-problem
#13
Stuart J Slavin, John T Chibnall
Mistreatment and abuse of medical students has been recognized as a significant problem in medical schools. We believe, however, that the problem of mistreatment has been viewed incorrectly. This misperception of mistreatment exists in two primary ways. First, mistreatment has tended to be viewed as a "diagnosis" of unprofessionalism of the perpetrator when it may be more appropriately viewed as a symptom with a range of possible underlying causes. The second misconception that appears to be prevalent is the belief that the link between mistreatment and student well-being, distress, and falling empathy is clear...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095911/mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-abuja-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-on-perceptions-and-experiences-of-women-and-healthcare-providers
#14
Meghan A Bohren, Joshua P Vogel, Özge Tunçalp, Bukola Fawole, Musibau A Titiloye, Akinpelu Olanrewaju Olutayo, Modupe Ogunlade, Agnes A Oyeniran, Olubunmi R Osunsan, Loveth Metiboba, Hadiza A Idris, Francis E Alu, Olufemi T Oladapo, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Michelle J Hindin
BACKGROUND: Global efforts have increased facility-based childbirth, but substantial barriers remain in some settings. In Nigeria, women report that poor provider attitudes influence their use of maternal health services. Evidence also suggests that women in Nigeria may experience mistreatment during childbirth; however, there is limited understanding of how and why mistreatment this occurs. This study uses qualitative methods to explore women and providers' experiences and perceptions of mistreatment during childbirth in two health facilities and catchment areas in Abuja, Nigeria...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089004/elder-mistreatment-training-gaps-among-dermatology-resident-physicians-and-opportunity-to-improve-care-of-a-vulnerable-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Melissa Danesh, Julia Chang, Jillian Wong Millsop, Suzana Saric, Shufeng Li, Anne Lynn S Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088241/perceptions-of-mistreatment-among-trainees-vary-at-different-stages-of-clinical-training
#16
Afif N Kulaylat, Danni Qin, Susie X Sun, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Jane R Schubart, Antone J Aboud, Donald J Flemming, Peter W Dillon, Edward R Bollard, David C Han
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of trainees remains a frequently reported phenomenon in medical education. One barrier to creating an educational culture of respect and professionalism may be a lack of alignment in the perceptions of mistreatment among different learners. Through the use of clinical vignettes, our aim was to assess the perceptions of trainees toward themes of potential mistreatment at different stages of training. METHODS: Based on observations from external experts embedded in the clinical learning environment, six thematic areas of potential mistreatment were identified: verbal abuse, specialty-choice discrimination, non-educational tasks, withholding/denying learning opportunities, neglect and gender/racial insensitivity...
January 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086975/a-qualitative-study-of-women-s-and-health-providers-attitudes-and-acceptability-of-mistreatment-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea
#17
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Abou Bangoura, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Oumar Sall, Habibata Balde, Aïssatou Sona Niakate, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Reducing maternal morbidity and mortality remains a key health challenge in Guinea. Anecdotal evidence suggests that women in Guinea are subjected to mistreatment during childbirth in health facilities, but limited research exists on this topic. This study was conducted to better understand the social norms and the acceptability of four scenarios of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods including in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) with women of reproductive age, midwives, nurses and doctors...
January 13, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077145/perceptions-and-experiences-of-the-mistreatment-of-women-during-childbirth-in-health-facilities-in-guinea-a-qualitative-study-with-women-and-service-providers
#18
Mamadou Diouldé Balde, Boubacar Alpha Diallo, Abou Bangoura, Oumar Sall, Anne Marie Soumah, Joshua P Vogel, Meghan A Bohren
BACKGROUND: Every woman is entitled to respectful care during childbirth; so it is concerning to hear of informal reports of mistreatment during childbirth in Guinea. This study sought to explore the perceptions and experiences of mistreatment during childbirth, from the perspectives of women and service providers, and the analysis presents findings according to a typology of mistreatment during childbirth. METHODS: This study used qualitative methods (in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs)) and was conducted with four groups of participants: women of reproductive age, midwives, doctors, and administrators...
January 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075699/outcome-and-impact-evaluation-of-a-transgender-health-course-for-health-profession-students
#19
Hannan M Braun, Ilana R Garcia-Grossman, Andrea Quiñones-Rivera, Madeline B Deutsch
PURPOSE: Being transgender is associated with numerous health disparities, and transgender individuals face mistreatment and discrimination in healthcare settings. At the same time, healthcare professionals report inadequate preparation to care for transgender people, and patients often have to teach their own medical providers about transgender care. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of an elective course for health profession students in transgender health that was implemented to address these gaps in provider knowledge...
February 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074982/-healthcare-mistreatment-attributed-to-discrimination-among-mapuche-patients-and-discontinuation-of-diabetes-care
#20
Manuel S Ortiz, María José Baeza-Rivera, Natalia Salinas-Oñate, Patricia Flynn, Héctor Betancourt
BACKGROUND: The negative impact of perceived discrimination on health outcomes is well established. However, less attention has been directed towards understanding the effect of perceived discrimination on health behaviors relevant for the treatment of diabetes in ethnic minorities. AIM: To examine the effects of healthcare mistreatment attributed to discrimination on the continuity of Type 2 Diabetes (DM2) care among mapuche patients in a southern region of Chile...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
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