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Spontaneous rupture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349843/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-of-39-pregnancies-and-a-literature-review
#1
Maria Manuel Costa, Sandra Belo, Pedro Souteiro, João S Neves, Daniela Magalhães, Rita B Silva, Sofia C Oliveira, Paula Freitas, Ana Varela, Joana Queirós, Davide Carvalho
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on maternal and fetal outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of 39 pregnant women who underwent BS in our institution between 2010 and 2014 was carried out. A sample of women who became pregnant after BS was evaluated, based on data concerning pregnancy, childbirth, and newborns. RESULTS: Of the 1182 patients who underwent BS at our institution during the study period, 1016 (85...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343674/a-spontaneous-abdominal-aortic-pseudoaneurysm-treated-with-n-butyl-cyanoacrylate-and-coil-embolization-a-case-report
#2
Chan Sun Kim, Young Ho Choi, Young Ho So, Jae-Sung Choi
Pseudoaneurysms are vascular spaces vulnerable to pressure, and expansion or rupture of these spaces may occur during embolization. Here, we describe the case of a transcatheter embolization of a spontaneous aortic pseudoaneurysm, which showed gradual expansion during n-butyl cyanoacrylate embolization. This pseudoaneurysm was successfully embolized with an adjuvant coil.
January 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343148/predictors-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-volume-and-distribution-in-brain-arteriovenous-malformation
#3
Jay F Yu, Andrew D Nicholson, Jeffrey Nelson, Matthew D Alexander, Stephanie H Tse, Steven W Hetts, J Claude Hemphill, Helen Kim, Daniel L Cooke
Background and purpose Despite evidence regarding risk factors for brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM)-associated spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), few data exist describing the spectrum of clinical outcomes that bAVM-associated ICH may manifest. This study aimed to identify the demographical, clinical, and bAVM anatomical variables associated with ICH volume and the presence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) of ruptured bAVMs, two indicators of worse clinical outcome, to help better predict outcome for unruptured bAVMs...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341947/spontaneous-direct-carotid-cavernous-fistula-in-an-elderly-patient
#4
Stanimir S Sirakov, Borislav D Kitov, Kristina S Sirakova, Ivo I Kehayov
We describe the case of an 83-year-old woman with left-sided ophthalmoplegia. She had no family history of connective tissue disease. The computed tomography study found a dilated left cavernous sinus. The conventional cerebral panangiography confirmed the diagnosis - a direct carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF), with no evidence of ruptured aneurysm. The woman underwent endovascular treatment with coiling of the cavernous sinus in combination with application of the Onyx embolic agent in the fistula. During the first 48 hours after the embolization the local pain, exophthalmos and conjunctival injection of the left eye were significantly ameliorated...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336681/exposure-to-firework-chemicals-from-production-factories-in-pregnant-women-and-risk-of-preterm-birth-occurrence-in-liuyang-china
#5
Xun Li, Hongzhuan Tan, Meiling Luo, Xinrui Wu, Xin Huang, Shujin Zhou, Lin Shen, Yue He, Yi Liu, Li Hu, Mengshi Chen, Shimin Hu, Shi Wu Wen
In the production of fireworks, various pollutants including particles of metals and organic compounds are released into the environment. Although the adverse effects of these air pollutants are known, the impact on pregnant women residing in this area remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to examine the association between maternal exposure to fireworks production chemicals and frequency of preterm birth in Liuyang, China. Maternal exposure to fireworks production was estimated at the residential district level and assessed using factory density, which was defined as the number of fireworks factories per 1000 residents in each district...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336375/spontaneous-rupture-and-thrombosis-of-right-atrium
#6
Fang-Fang Li, Yi-Jiang Zhou, Hui Yan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334594/thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-in-patients-with-loss-of-function-filamin-a-mutations-clinical-characterization-genetics-and-recommendations
#7
Ming Hui Chen, Sangita Choudhury, Mami Hirata, Siri Khalsa, Bernard Chang, Christopher A Walsh
The frequency and gender distribution of thoracic aortic aneurysm as a cardiovascular manifestation of loss-of-function (LOF) X-linked FilaminA (FLNA) mutations are not known. Furthermore, there is very limited cardiovascular morbidity or mortality data in children and adults. We analyzed cardiac data on the largest series of 114 patients with LOF FLNA mutations, both children and adults, with periventricular nodular heterotopia (PVNH), including 48 study patients and 66 literature patients, median age of 22...
February 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332930/bullosis-diabeticorum-a-rare-presentation-with-immunoglobulin-g-igg-deposition-related-vasculopathy-case-report-and-focused-review
#8
Hardik Sonani, Sohail Abdul Salim, Vishnu V Garla, Anna Wile, Venkataraman Palabindala
BACKGROUND Bullosis diabeticorum (BD) is a condition characterized by recurrent, spontaneous, and non-inflammatory blistering in patients with poorly controlled diabetes mellitus. While etiopathogenesis remains unclear, roles of neuropathy, vasculopathy and UV light are hypothesized. Most literature reports negative direct and indirect immunofluorescence findings in diabetics with bullous eruptions. Porphyria cutanea tarda, bullous pemphigoid, epidermolysis bullosa, and pseudoporphyria are other differential diagnoses of bullous lesions, and they must be excluded...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330272/spontaneous-splenic-rupture-as-a-rare-complication-of-g-csf-injection
#9
Soraya Benguerfi, Fanny Thepault, Hervé Lena, Charles Ricordel
Splenic rupture is an infrequent and underdiagnosed side effect of granylocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). We report the case of a 54-year-old woman with brain and bone metastasis in a lung adenocarcinoma who was admitted for faintness 28 days after a G-CSF injection. Abdominal CT scan confirmed the diagnosis of splenic rupture. A conservative treatment was chosen using a peritoneal cleansing during laparoscopic surgery. Clinicians should be aware of this rare toxicity as it could be severe, but easily reversible using appropriate surgical treatment...
January 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327528/mdct-depiction-of-spontaneous-rupture-of-hepatic-hydatid-cyst-with-peritoneal-hydatidosis
#10
Ranjana Gupta, Puneet Mittal, Amit Mittal, Preetparkash Singh Sekhon, Vanie Sachdeva, Sana Mirchia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319833/spontan-pneumomediastinum-ovanlig-orsak-till-akut-br%C3%A3-stsm%C3%A3-rta
#11
Carl Wengse, Gustav Bolinder, Emil Aman
A previously healthy 21-year old man presented to the emergency department with sudden onset central chest pain exacerbated by breathing. A plain chest X-ray showed air within the mediastinum and pericardium confirmed by a CT scan with contrast. The patient history did not raise suspicion of any concomitant disease and the diagnosis of spontaneous pneumomediastinum with pneumopericardium was made. The patient recovered completely over the next few days with bed rest and analgesics. Spontaneous pneumomediastinum is an uncommon disease caused by rupture of perivascular alveoli causing air leakage to the mediastinum...
January 9, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314321/percutaneous-fetoscopic-closure-of-large-open-spina-bifida-using-a-bilaminar-skin-substitute
#12
Denise A Lapa Pedreira, Gregório L Acacio, Rodrigo T Gonçalves, Renato Augusto M Sá, Reynaldo A Brandt, Ramen Chmait, Eftichia Kontopoulos, Ruben A Quintero
OBJECTIVE: We have previously described our percutaneous fetoscopic technique for the treatment of open spina bifida (OSB). However, approximately 20-30% of OSB defects are too large to allow primary skin closure. We hereby describe a modification of our standard technique using a bilaminar skin substitute to allow closure of such large spinal defects. The aim of this study was to report our clinical experience with the use of a bilaminar skin substitute and a percutaneous fetoscopic technique for the prenatal closure of large spina bifida defects...
January 4, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313696/spontaneous-hepatic-rupture-in-a-bodybuilder-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Pietro Mascagni, Fabio Melandro, Zoe Larghi Laureiro, Gianluca Mennini, Massimo Rossi
This article is the first description of a spontaneous hepatic rupture in a young bodybuilder with a history of clenbuterol and ephedrine alkaloid use. The patient presented with a sudden mid-epigastric pain and vomiting. Hemoglobin levels decreased a few hours later and a computed tomography scan was performed which revealed a rupture of the right liver capsule and hemoperitoneum. Two attempts at transarterial embolization did not control the bleeding and a right hemihepatectomy was performed. The pathological report identified a hepatic adenoma, a capsular tear and diffuse peliosis hepatis...
January 9, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311401/hepatic-cyst-compressing-the-right-atrial-and-ventricular-inflow-tract-an-uncommon-cardiac-complication
#14
Maulik Panchal, Ahmed Alansari, Marc Wallack, Ferdinand Visco, Susan Williams, Alexander M Sy
Commonly reported complications of hepatic cysts are spontaneous hemorrhage, rupture into the peritoneal cavity, infection and compression of the biliary tree however cardiac complications are not commonly reported. We are presenting a case of a large liver cyst presenting with right atrial and ventricular inflow tract impingement resulting in cardiac symptoms. A 68 year-old Hispanic female presented with one month of fatigue and shortness of breath after household work and walking less than one block, right upper quadrant pain and weight loss...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298793/spontaneous-rupture-of-uterine-smooth-muscle-tumour-presenting-acute-abdominal-pain-and-haemoperitoneum
#15
Hanako Oda, Hiroshi Hirakawa
Uterine smooth muscle tumours are histologically categorised into benign leiomyoma, malignant leiomyosarcoma or smooth muscle tumours of uncertain malignant potentials (STUMPs).1 Common symptoms of uterine tumours are hypermenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, lumbago or irregular genital bleeding. We experienced a case of uterine tumour with atypical clinical behaviour. A 40-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with leiomyoma presented with severe abdominal pain and intraperitoneal haemorrhage. By emergent surgery, we found that the uterine tumour had ruptured spontaneously...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298250/accessory-spleen-fracture-report-of-a-pediatric-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Eline Chauvet, Vasiliki Spyropoulou, Mehrak Anooshiravani-Dumont, Oliver Sanchez, Laurence Lacroix
Accessory spleen rupture may occur after blunt abdominal trauma or, more rarely, spontaneously. Although only few cases are described in adults, it is even more uncommon in children. We report the case of a 13-year-old boy with traumatic accessory spleen fracture. After a review of the literature, we discuss the diagnostic points that should raise the suspicion for accessory spleen fracture as well as how challenging the diagnosis by computed tomography can be.
January 2, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291540/open-splenectomy-for-varicella-zoster-induced-spontaneous-splenic-rupture
#17
Mark Christopher Sykes, Bilal Azhar, Laurence John, Salman Bokhari
INTRODUCTION: Here we present a case of atraumatic splenic rupture secondary to varicella infection requiring emergency splenectomy. The presentation was as would be expected for epstein barr virus (EBV) related splenic injury, which is well documented in the literature. Dermatological findings however suggested varicella zoster, and viral serology subsequently confirmed the diagnosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A young Romanian male presented to the emergency department with peritonism without preceding trauma...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281791/interfacial-forces-dictate-pathway-of-phospholipid-vesicle-adsorption-onto-silicon-dioxide-surfaces
#18
Kabir Hassan Biswas, Joshua Alexander Jackman, Jae Hyeon Park, Jay T Groves, Nam-Joon Cho
The pathway of vesicle adsorption onto a solid support depends on the material composition of the underlying support, and there is significant interest in developing material-independent strategies to modulate the spectrum of vesicle-substrate interactions on a particular surface. Herein, using the quartz crystal microbalance-dissipation (QCM-D) technique, we systematically investigated how solution pH and membrane surface charge affect vesicle adsorption onto a silicon dioxide surface. While vesicle adsorption and spontaneous rupture to form complete supported lipid bilayer (SLBs) occurred in acidic conditions, it was discovered that a wide range of adsorption pathways occurred in alkaline conditions, including i) vesicle adsorption and spontaneous rupture to form complete SLBs, ii) vesicle adsorption and spontaneous rupture to form incomplete SLBs, iii) irreversible adsorption of intact vesicles, iv) reversible adsorption of intact vesicles; and v) negligible adsorption...
December 27, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249595/is-emergency-transcatheter-hepatic-arterial-embolization-suitable-for-spontaneously-ruptured-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-child-pugh-c-cirrhosis
#19
Wen-Zhe Fan, Ying-Qiang Zhang, Wang Yao, Yu Wang, Guo-Sheng Tan, Yong-Hui Huang, Jian-Yong Yang, Jia-Ping Li
PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of emergent transcatheter arterial embolization for spontaneously ruptured hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with Child-Pugh class C (CPC) liver cirrhosis presenting hemorrhagic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study of all 94 patients was retrospectively conducted from January 2006 to January 2016. Sixty patients underwent conservative treatment (control group) and 34 underwent embolization. RESULTS: Embolization provided better stabilization of hemodynamic status than conservative treatment (91...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242415/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-preterm-neonates-in-a-level-iii-neonatal-unit-in-india
#20
Savita Bhunwal, Kanya Mukhopadhyay, Shalmoli Bhattacharya, Pranab Dey, Lakhbir Kaur Dhaliwal
OBJECTIVE: To find out the incidence and associations of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm neonates. DESIGN: Prospective, observational. METHODS: All consecutively born neonates <33 weeks gestation requiring oxygen or respiratory support first 3 days of life were enrolled from a level III neonatal unit in Chandigarh, India. Those with malformations were excluded. Placenta was examined for histological chorioamnionitis in preterm rupture of membranes and/or preterm spontaneous onset of labour...
December 14, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
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