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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688814/proceedings-beyond-ultrasound-first-forum-on-improving-the-quality-of-ultrasound-imaging-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#1
Beryl R Benacerraf, Katherine K Minton, Carol B Benson, Bryann S Bromley, Brian D Coley, Peter M Doubilet, Wesley Lee, Samuel H Maslak, John S Pellerito, James J Perez, Eric Savitsky, Norman A Scarborough, Joseph Wax, Alfred Z Abuhamad
The Beyond Ultrasound First Forum was conceived to increase awareness that the quality of obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound can be improved, and is inconsistent throughout the country, likely due to multiple factors, including the lack of a standardized curriculum and competency assessment in ultrasound teaching. The Forum brought together representatives from many professional associations, the imaging community including radiology, obstetrics and gynecology, emergency medicine among others, in addition to government agencies, insurers, industry and others with common interest in obstetric and gynecologic ultrasound...
July 5, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594650/impact-of-an-obstetrical-hospitalist-program-on-the-safety-events-in-a-mid-sized-obstetrical-unit
#2
Julie Z Decesare, Suzanne Y Bush, Ashley N Morton
OBJECTIVE: Because internal medicine hospitalist programs were developed to address issues in medicine such as a need to improve quality, improve efficiency, and decrease healthcare cost, obstetrical (OB) hospitalist models were developed to address needs specific to the obstetrics and gynecology field. Our objective was to compare outcomes measured by occurrence of safety events before and after implementation of an OB hospitalist program in a mid-sized OB unit. METHODS: From July 2012 to September 2014, 11 safety events occurred on the labor and delivery floor...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391383/percutaneous-radiofrequency-ablation-for-spinal-osteoid-osteoma-and-osteoblastoma
#3
Ben Wang, Song Bo Han, Liang Jiang, Hui Shu Yuan, Chen Liu, Bin Zhu, Zhong Jun Liu, Xiao Guang Liu
PURPOSES: We sought to verify the efficacy and safety of RFA in spinal OO and osteoblastomas (OB) (Enneking Stage 2, S2). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients treated in our hospital. Surgical resection was indicated for Enneking Stage 3 OB. RFA indications for spinal OO and OB (S2) were no neurological deficits, complete bone cortex around the lesion on computed tomography (CT), and cerebrospinal fluid between a lesion and the spinal cord/nerve root on magnetic resonance imaging...
July 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346353/intake-and-dietary-food-sources-of-fibre-in-spain-differences-with-regard-to-the-prevalence-of-excess-body-weight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-adults-of-the-anibes-study
#4
Liliana G González-Rodríguez, José Miguel Perea Sánchez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
The aim was to study the intake and food sources of fibre in a representative sample of Spanish adults and to analyse its association with excess body weight and abdominal obesity. A sample of 1655 adults (18-64 years) from the ANIBES ("Anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles") cross-sectional study was analysed. Fibre intake and dietary food sources were determined by using a three-day dietary record. Misreporters were identified using the protocol of the European Food Safety Authority...
March 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261407/factors-influencing-residency-program-selection-by-medical-students-pursuing-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#5
Meredith J Alston, Torri D Metz, Russell Fothergill, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
BACKGROUND : Little is known about the factors that influence medical student selection of obstetrics and gynecology (ob-gyn) residency programs. OBJECTIVE : We assessed the factors influencing residency program selection by fourth-year medical students pursuing ob-gyn training. METHODS : A voluntary, anonymous, 19-question survey of residency selection factors was distributed to all fourth-year medical students interviewing at 1 of 5 academic ob-gyn departments for a residency position during the 2013-2014 interview season...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235465/ovarian-reserve-testing-a-user-s-guide
#6
REVIEW
Reshef Tal, David B Seifer
Ovarian reserve is a complex clinical phenomenon influenced by age, genetics, and environmental variables. Although it is challenging to predict the rate of an individual's ovarian reserve decline, clinicians are often asked for advice about fertility potential and/or recommendations regarding the pursuit of fertility treatment options. The purpose of this review is to summarize the state-of-the-art of ovarian reserve testing, providing a guide for the obstetrician/gynecologist generalist and reproductive endocrinologist...
February 21, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986230/barriers-to-global-health-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#7
Rachel Pope, Maria Shaker, Prakash Ganesh, Margaret Larkins-Pettigrew, Stephanie Deter Pickett
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery includes obstetrics and gynecology as an area needing international strengthening in low- and middle-income countries. Despite interest, a majority of participants in US residency programs graduate with little exposure to global health or preparation to work abroad. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the level of interest of obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) residents in gaining global health training and to identify perceived barriers to receiving training...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688156/mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-lung-disease
#8
REVIEW
Sophie Wecht, Mauricio Rojas
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a populace of non-haematopoietic multipotent stromal cells, which have the ability to differentiate into tissue derived from a single germ layer. MSCs have been isolated from various sites, including adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, synovium, spleen, thymus, lung and amniotic fluid, but are most often isolated from bone marrow. MSCs have several valuable functions that make them a promising therapeutic option in the field of regenerative medicine, including the secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors, the migration of cells to the site of injury when administered and the ability to 'rescue' cells through the transfer of functional mitochondria...
November 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687213/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-use-of-standing-orders-for-vaccination-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-settings
#9
Juliana G Barnard, Amanda F Dempsey, Sarah E Brewer, Jennifer Pyrzanowski, Sara E Mazzoni, Sean T O'Leary
BACKGROUND: Many young and middle-aged women receive their primary health care from their obstetrician-gynecologists. A recent change to vaccination recommendations during pregnancy has forced the integration of new clinical processes at obstetrician-gynecology practices. Evidence-based best practices for vaccination delivery include the establishment of vaccination standing orders. OBJECTIVES: As part of an intervention to increase adoption of evidence-based vaccination strategies for women in safety-net and private obstetrician-gynecology settings, we conducted a qualitative study to identify the facilitators and barriers experienced by obstetrician-gynecology sites when establishing vaccination standing orders...
January 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565747/perspectives-on-global-health-amongst-obstetrician-gynecologists-a-national-survey
#10
Sarah Rae Easter, Greta B Raglan, Sarah E Little, Jay Schulkin, Julian N Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To characterize contemporary attitudes toward global health amongst board-certified obstetricians-gynecologists (Ob-Gyns) in the US. METHODS: A questionnaire was mailed to members of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Respondents were stratified by interest and experience in global health and group differences were reported. RESULTS: A total of 202 of 400 (50.5%) surveys were completed; and 67.3% (n = 136) of respondents expressed an interest in global health while 25...
August 25, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513777/a-new-method-of-directing-endoscope-pathway-in-single-nostril-transpheoidal-approach-for-safety-by-using-volume-rendering-with-thin-section-computed-tomographic-image
#11
Xiangliang Liu, Xiao Chen, Yiheng Wang, Wei Ji, Wenchao Zhao, Shuai Yang, Li Li, Zhen Wang, Xinyu Xu, Mingcheng Yuan, Wei Li, Youqiong Li
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to locate important structures surrounding the sella node and measure the distances and angles between signalized points by using both three-dimensional reconstruction technique and volume-rendering. These distances and angles can provide more accurate reference for surgeries in pituitary adenomas. METHODS: Ninty volunteers' skulls were scanned and thin-section computed tomographic images were displayed. The highest point of saddle node on double sides were marked as point A (right) and A1 (left), the highest point of posterior Clinton process on double side as B (right) and B1 (left)...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381525/syndecan-4-enhances-pdgf-bb-activity-in-diabetic-wound-healing
#12
Subhamoy Das, Marjan Majid, Aaron B Baker
UNLABELLED: Non-healing ulcers are a common consequence of long-term diabetes and severe peripheral vascular disease. These non-healing wounds are a major source of morbidity in patients with diabetes and place a heavy financial burden on the healthcare system. Growth factor therapies are an attractive strategy for enhancing wound closure in non-healing wounds but have only achieved mixed results in clinical trials. Platelet derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is the only currently approved growth factor therapy for non-healing wounds...
September 15, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275804/ensuring-access-to-safe-legal-abortion-in-an-increasingly-complex-regulatory-environment
#13
Maureen Paul, Mary E Norton
Restrictions on access to abortion in the United States have reached proportions unprecedented since the nationwide legalization of abortion in 1973. Although some restrictions aim to discourage women from having abortions, many others impede access by affecting the timeliness, affordability, or availability of services. Evidence indicates that these restrictions do not increase abortion safety; rather, they create logistic barriers for women seeking abortion, and they have the greatest effect on women with the fewest resources...
July 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107397/reliability-of-office-based-narrow-band-imaging-guided-flexible-laryngoscopic-tissue-samplings
#14
Catherine Chang, Wan-Ni Lin, Li-Jen Hsin, Li-Ang Lee, Chien-Yu Lin, Hsueh-Yu Li, Chun-Ta Liao, Tuan-Jen Fang
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Direct suspension laryngoscopic biopsy performed under general anesthesia is the conventional management for obtaining pathological diagnosis for neoplasms of the larynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx. Since the development of distal chip laryngoscopy and digital imaging systems, transnasal flexible laryngoscopy tissue sampling has gained popularity as an office-based procedure. Additional assessment with narrow-band imaging (NBI) can help to increase the diagnostic yield...
December 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26971682/cardiopulmonary-and-histological-characterization-of-an-acute-rat-lung-injury-model-demonstrating-safety-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-infusion
#15
Rudolf K Braun, Jill M Koch, Timothy A Hacker, David Pegelow, Jaehyup Kim, Amish N Raval, Eric G Schmuck, Denise J Schwahn, Derek J Hei, John M Centanni, Marlowe Eldridge, Peiman Hematti
BACKGROUND AIMS: In the field of cellular therapy, potential cell entrapment in the lungs following intravenous administration in a compromised or injured pulmonary system is an important concern that requires further investigation. We developed a rat model of inflammatory and fibrotic lung disease to mimic the human clinical condition of obliterative bronchiolitis (OB) and evaluate the safety of intravenous infusion of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). This model was used to obtain appropriate safety information and functional characterization to support the translation of an ex vivo-generated cellular product into human clinical trials...
April 2016: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949324/survey-of-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-regarding-pneumococcal-vaccination-in-pregnancy-education-knowledge-and-barriers-to-vaccination
#16
Emily E Fay, Kara K Hoppe, Jay Schulkin, Linda O Eckert
OBJECTIVE: The 23-valent pneumococcal vaccine is recommended for adults over 65 years of age and younger adults with certain medical conditions. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state insufficient evidence to recommend routine pneumococcal vaccination during pregnancy, but the vaccine is indicated for pregnant women with certain medical conditions. We designed this project to gauge obstetrics and gynecology (OB/GYN) resident knowledge of maternal pneumococcal vaccination...
2016: Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26945939/robotic-partial-nephrectomy-during-pregnancy-case-report-and-special-considerations
#17
Daniel Ramirez, Matthew J Maurice, Catherine Seager, Georges-Pascal Haber
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) during pregnancy and review the existing literature on the topic. METHODS: A 35-year-old asymptomatic pregnant woman at 20 weeks gestation was found to have a large mass in the right kidney during routine anatomic ultrasound for fetal assessment. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a 7.5 cm right upper-pole solid-enhancing renal mass, concerning for malignancy, without evidence of local extension or metastases...
June 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942392/committee-opinion-no-657-the-obstetric-and-gynecologic-hospitalist
#18
(no author information available yet)
The term "hospitalist" refers to physicians whose primary professional focus is the general medical care of hospitalized patients. Their activities may include patient care, teaching, research, and inpatient leadership. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the continued development and study of the obstetric and gynecologic (ob-gyn) hospitalist model as one potential approach to improve patient safety and professional satisfaction across delivery settings. Effective patient handoffs, updates on progress, and clear follow-up instructions between ob-gyn hospitalists and patients, nurses, and other health care providers are vital to maintaining patient safety...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26942385/committee-opinion-no-657-summary-the-obstetric-and-gynecologic-hospitalist
#19
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
The term "hospitalist" refers to physicians whose primary professional focus is the general medical care of hospitalized patients. Their activities may include patient care, teaching, research, and inpatient leadership. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists supports the continued development and study of the obstetric and gynecologic (ob-gyn) hospitalist model as one potential approach to improve patient safety and professional satisfaction across delivery settings. Effective patient handoffs, updates on progress, and clear follow-up instructions between ob-gyn hospitalists and patients, nurses, and other health care providers are vital to maintaining patient safety...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26928154/integrase-inhibitors-in-late-pregnancy-and-rapid-hiv-viral-load-reduction
#20
Lisa Rahangdale, Jordan Cates, JoNell Potter, Martina L Badell, Dominika Seidman, Emilly S Miller, Jenell S Coleman, Gweneth B Lazenby, Judy Levison, William R Short, Sigal Yawetz, Andrea Ciaranello, Elizabeth Livingston, Lunthita Duthely, Bassam H Rimawi, Jean R Anderson, Elizabeth M Stringer
BACKGROUND: Minimizing time to HIV viral suppression is critical in pregnancy. Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs), like raltegravir, are known to rapidly suppress plasma HIV RNA in nonpregnant adults. There are limited data in pregnant women. OBJECTIVE: We describe time to clinically relevant reduction in HIV RNA in pregnant women using INSTI-containing and non-INSTI-containing antiretroviral therapy (ART) options. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pregnant HIV-infected women in the United States from 2009 through 2015...
March 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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