keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Applying wisdom

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167340/knowledge-and-power-in-policy-making-for-child-survival-in-niger
#1
Sarah L Dalglish, Daniela C Rodríguez, Abdoutan Harouna, Pamela J Surkan
Calls to enhance the use of scientific evidence in international health and development policy have increased in recent years; however, analytic frameworks for understanding evidence use focus on narrowly scientific research and were created using data and observations nearly exclusively from Western countries. We examine processes of health policy development in a case study of Niger, a low-income West African country that adopted integrated community case management of childhood illness (iCCM) beginning in 2007, resulting in measurable declines in child mortality...
January 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144974/thinking-about-the-patient-s-wishes-practical-wisdom-of-discharge-planning-nurses-in-assisting-surrogate-decision-making
#2
Yoko Kageyama, Midori Asano
BACKGROUND: The accelerating trend towards shorter hospital stays in Japan has made modes of decision-making essential for effective patient transition from the hospital to recuperation in the regional community, and the ageing of the population has brought a rise in surrogate decision-making by the families of patients lacking decision-making ('self-decision') capacity. AIM: To verbalise and elucidate the practical wisdom of discharge planning nurses by focusing on the perceptions and judgements, they apply in practice and describing their methodology in concrete terms...
January 31, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128245/a-solution-to-the-single-question-crowd-wisdom-problem
#3
Dražen Prelec, H Sebastian Seung, John McCoy
Once considered provocative, the notion that the wisdom of the crowd is superior to any individual has become itself a piece of crowd wisdom, leading to speculation that online voting may soon put credentialed experts out of business. Recent applications include political and economic forecasting, evaluating nuclear safety, public policy, the quality of chemical probes, and possible responses to a restless volcano. Algorithms for extracting wisdom from the crowd are typically based on a democratic voting procedure...
January 25, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116438/-comparison-of-minimally-invasive-extraction-and-traditional-method-in-the-extraction-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar
#4
Fang Xu, Hui-Xia Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare minimally invasive extraction and traditional method in the extraction of impacted mandibular third molar. METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients with impacted mandibular third molar were equally divided into two groups. Patients in the experimental group were treated with minimally invasive extraction, using implant machine and luxator, while patients in the control group were treated with traditional methods including use of orthodox chisel...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090681/excess-of-exercise-increases-the-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation
#5
REVIEW
A Müssigbrodt, A Weber, J Mandrola, Y van Belle, S Richter, M Döring, A Arya, P Sommer, A Bollmann, G Hindricks
An interesting and still not well-understood example for old medical wisdom "Sola dosis facit venenum" is the increased prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in athletes. Numerous studies have shown a fourfold to eightfold increased risk of AF in athletes compared to the normal population. Analysis of the existing data suggests a dose-dependent effect of exercise. Moderate exercise seems to have a protective effect and decreases the risk of AF, whereas excessive exercise seems to increase the risk of AF. The described cases illustrate clinical manifestations within the spectrum of AF in elderly athletes, that is, exercise-induced AF, vagal AF, chronic AF, and atrial flutter...
January 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057049/combined-use-of-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-cfir-and-the-theoretical-domains-framework-tdf-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Sarah A Birken, Byron J Powell, Justin Presseau, M Alexis Kirk, Fabiana Lorencatto, Natalie J Gould, Christopher M Shea, Bryan J Weiner, Jill J Francis, Yan Yu, Emily Haines, Laura J Damschroder
BACKGROUND: Over 60 implementation frameworks exist. Using multiple frameworks may help researchers to address multiple study purposes, levels, and degrees of theoretical heritage and operationalizability; however, using multiple frameworks may result in unnecessary complexity and redundancy if doing so does not address study needs. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) are both well-operationalized, multi-level implementation determinant frameworks derived from theory...
January 5, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056403/being-smart-about-writing-smart-objectives
#7
May Britt Bjerke, Ralph Renger
This article challenges the conventional wisdom in mainstream evaluation regarding the process for developing specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) objectives. The article notes several advantages of mainstreaming the SMART method including program capacity building and being able to independently monitor progress toward process and outcome objectives. It is argued the one size fits all approach for writing SMART objectives is misleading. The context in which the evaluation is conducted is a key deciding factor in how and when the SMART criteria should be applied...
December 23, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046240/we-h-brc-05-catastrophic-error-metrics-for-radiation-therapy
#8
S Murphy, J Molloy
PURPOSE: Intuitive evaluation of complex radiotherapy treatments is impractical, while data transfer anomalies create the potential for catastrophic treatment delivery errors. Contrary to prevailing wisdom, logical scrutiny can be applied to patient-specific machine settings. Such tests can be automated, applied at the point of treatment delivery and can be dissociated from prior states of the treatment plan, potentially revealing errors introduced early in the process. METHODS: Analytical metrics were formulated for conventional and intensity modulated RT (IMRT) treatments...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975042/predictive-values-derived-from-lower-wisdom-teeth-developmental-stages-on-orthopantomograms-to-calculate-the-chronological-age-in-adolescence-and-young-adults-as-a-prerequisite-to-obtain-age-adjusted-informed-patient-consent-prior-to-elective-surgical-procedures
#9
Reinhard E Friedrich, Kirsten Schmidt, András Treszl, Jan F Kersten
Introduction: Surgical procedures require informed patient consent, which is mandatory prior to any procedure. These requirements apply in particular to elective surgical procedures. The communication with the patient about the procedure has to be comprehensive and based on mutual understanding. Furthermore, the informed consent has to take into account whether a patient is of legal age. As a result of large-scale migration, there are eventually patients planned for medical procedures, whose chronological age can't be assessed reliably by physical inspection alone...
2016: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879112/machine-learning-of-swimming-data-via-wisdom-of-crowd-and-regression-analysis
#10
Jiang Xie, Junfu Xu, Celine Nie, Qing Nie
Every performance, in an officially sanctioned meet, by a registered USA swimmer is recorded into an online database with times dating back to 1980. For the first time, statistical analysis and machine learning methods are systematically applied to 4,022,631 swim records. In this study, we investigate performance features for all strokes as a function of age and gender. The variances in performance of males and females for different ages and strokes were studied, and the correlations of performances for different ages were estimated using the Pearson correlation...
April 1, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873413/six-degrees-of-separation-the-small-world-of-medical-education
#11
Wolf E Hautz, Gert Krummrey, Aristomenis Exadaktylos, Stefanie C Hautz
CONTEXT: Conventional wisdom has it that everyone on earth is on average only six steps away from knowing any other person through 'a friend of a friend'. On a local level, however, many people experience that most of their acquaintances know each other. It is thus hard to imagine how such a highly clustered group could be so well connected to the rest of the world. In this paper, we investigate how co-authorship connects scholars in medical education and whether the six degrees of separation hypothesis also applies to the network of authors in the field...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853292/toward-an-understanding-of-wisdom-in-nursing
#12
Susan A Matney, Kay Avant, Nancy Staggers
As nurses, we seek to better understand how to gain nursing ‘wisdom’ and apply this wisdom in our daily practice. Yet the concept and experience of ‘wisdom in nursing practice’ has not been well defined. This article addresses wisdom-in-action for nursing practice. We briefly describe nursing theory, review the wisdom literature as presented in various disciplines, and identify characteristics of wisdom by analyzing four models of wisdom from other disciplines. We also present the ten antecedents of wisdom and the ten characteristics of wisdom identified in our analysis of the wisdom literature, discuss and summarize these antecedents, and conclude that understanding these ten antecedents and the ten characteristics of wisdom-in-action can both help nurses demonstrate wisdom as they provide nursing care and teach new nurses the process of becoming wise in nursing practice...
October 30, 2015: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754975/combining-regression-and-mean-comparisons-to-identify-the-time-course-of-changes-in-neuromuscular-responses-during-the-process-of-fatigue
#13
Cory M Smith, Terry J Housh, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Ethan C Hill, Kristen C Cochrane, Amelia A Miramonti, Richard J Schmidt, Glen O Johnson
The purposes of the present study were to apply a unique method for the identification of the time course of changes in neuromuscular responses and to infer the motor unit activation strategies used to maintain force during a fatiguing, intermittent isometric workbout. Eleven men performed 50, 6 s intermittent isometric muscle actions of the leg extensors, each separated by 2 s of rest at 60% maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC). Electromyographic (EMG) and mechanomyographic (MMG) amplitude (root mean square; RMS) and frequency (mean power frequency; MPF) were obtained from the vastus lateralis (VL) every 5 of the 50 repetitions and normalized as a percent of the initial repetition...
October 18, 2016: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736126/the-factor-structure-of-the-values-in-action-inventory-of-strengths-via-is-an-item-level-exploratory-structural-equation-modeling-esem-bifactor-analysis
#14
Vincent Ng, Mengyang Cao, Herbert W Marsh, Louis Tay, Martin E P Seligman
The factor structure of the Values in Action Inventory of Strengths (VIA-IS; Peterson & Seligman, 2004) has not been well established as a result of methodological challenges primarily attributable to a global positivity factor, item cross-loading across character strengths, and questions concerning the unidimensionality of the scales assessing character strengths. We sought to overcome these methodological challenges by applying exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) at the item level using a bifactor analytic approach to a large sample of 447,573 participants who completed the VIA-IS with all 240 character strengths items and a reduced set of 107 unidimensional character strength items...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568389/effect-of-deep-pressure-input-on-parasympathetic-system-in-patients-with-wisdom-tooth-surgery
#15
Hsin-Yung Chen, Hsiang Yang, Ling-Fu Meng, Pei-Ying Sarah Chan, Chia-Yen Yang, Hsin-Ming Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Deep pressure input is used to normalize physiological arousal due to stress. Wisdom tooth surgery is an invasive dental procedure with high stress levels, and an alleviation strategy is rarely applied during extraction. In this study, we investigated the effects of deep pressure input on autonomic responses to wisdom tooth extraction in healthy adults. METHODS: A randomized, controlled, crossover design was used for dental patients who were allocated to experimental and control groups that received treatment with or without deep pressure input, respectively...
October 2016: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552289/nanostructure-induced-distortion-in-single-emitter-microscopy
#16
Kangmook Lim, Chad Ropp, Sabyasachi Barik, John Fourkas, Benjamin Shapiro, Edo Waks
Single-emitter microscopy has emerged as a promising method of imaging nanostructures with nanoscale resolution. This technique uses the centroid position of an emitter's far-field radiation pattern to infer its position to a precision that is far below the diffraction limit. However, nanostructures composed of high-dielectric materials such as noble metals can distort the far-field radiation pattern. Previous work has shown that these distortions can significantly degrade the imaging of the local density of states in metallic nanowires using polarization-resolved imaging...
September 14, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542765/a-pessimistic-view-of-optimistic-belief-updating
#17
Punit Shah, Adam J L Harris, Geoffrey Bird, Caroline Catmur, Ulrike Hahn
Received academic wisdom holds that human judgment is characterized by unrealistic optimism, the tendency to underestimate the likelihood of negative events and overestimate the likelihood of positive events. With recent questions being raised over the degree to which the majority of this research genuinely demonstrates optimism, attention to possible mechanisms generating such a bias becomes ever more important. New studies have now claimed that unrealistic optimism emerges as a result of biased belief updating with distinctive neural correlates in the brain...
November 2016: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521246/experiences-that-inspire-hope-perspectives-of-suicidal-patients
#18
May Vatne, Dagfinn Nåden
BACKGROUND: Suffering in a suicidal crisis includes feelings such as despair, loneliness, anxiety, fear, shame, guilt and hopelessness. This study highlights the experiences of patients in the aftermath of suicide attempts. The research question was, what do suicidal patients see as meaningful help in care and treatment situations? METHODOLOGY: The methodology is inspired by Gadamer's hermeneutics, where the parts are understood in light of the whole, and the whole is understood in light of the parts...
August 12, 2016: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504532/growth-factors-in-bone-marrow-blood-of-the-mandible-with-application-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy
#19
Jacqueline A Pfaff, Birgit Boelck, Wilhelm Bloch, Georg-Hubertus Nentwig
INTRODUCTION: Enhancement of bone regeneration is crucial to dental implantology. Growth factors play a significant role during osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) enhances bone healing; however, no studies have yet been performed in oral implantology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent bilateral mandibular wisdom tooth removal were included. ESWT was applied to 1 side of the jaw. Blood samples were collected from the peripheral vein (PB), mandibular bone marrow without and with ESWT (BM-/+SW)...
October 2016: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490713/greedy-and-linear-ensembles-of-machine-learning-methods-outperform-single-approaches-for-qspr-regression-problems
#20
William Kew, John B O Mitchell
The application of Machine Learning to cheminformatics is a large and active field of research, but there exist few papers which discuss whether ensembles of different Machine Learning methods can improve upon the performance of their component methodologies. Here we investigated a variety of methods, including kernel-based, tree, linear, neural networks, and both greedy and linear ensemble methods. These were all tested against a standardised methodology for regression with data relevant to the pharmaceutical development process...
September 2015: Molecular Informatics
keyword
keyword
88524
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"