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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216935/-chest-compression-on-cpr-and-active-abdominal-on-cpr
#1
Lixiang Wang, Wei Song, Sisen Zhang
Chest compression cannot be effectively applied under certain situations, such as chest wall deformity, rib fracture, or hemopneumothorax. Active abdominal compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (AACD-CPR) could reach better resuscitation outcomes in certain cardiac arrest (CA) patients. AACD-CPR can strengthen the high quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in "2015 American Heart Association for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care update guide". The two methods can complement each other in opposite direction, and implement the "2016 national consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation on CPR in China", which is an important part of the wisdom to the Chinese CPR...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194276/modified-backward-avulsion-used-in-the-treatment-of-third-branch-primary-trigeminal-neuralgia
#2
Chao Liang, Xiao-Yu Wang, Jun Li, Min Zhang, Hong-Fei Liu
OBJECTIVE: A clinical retrospective study was performed to observe the clinical effect of a modified surgical treatment for third-branch primary trigeminal neuralgia. METHOD: Thirty patients who had suffered from neuralgia for several years underwent modified backward avulsion of the inferior alveolar nerve and were followed for 3 to 5 years. In this technique, the inferior alveolar nerve was cut off through the mandibular wisdom tooth extraction socket or the corresponding alveolar ridge window and was avulsed from the mental foramen...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164544/-construction-and-application-of-innovative-education-technology-strategies-in-nursing
#3
Li-Fen Chao, Hsiang-Ping Huang, Lee-Fen Ni, Chia-Lan Tsai, Tsuey-Yuan Huang
The evolution of information and communication technologies has deeply impacted education reform, promoted the development of digital-learning models, and stimulated the development of diverse nursing education strategies in order to better fulfill needs and expand in new directions. The present paper introduces the intelligent-learning resources that are available for basic medical science education, problem-based learning, nursing scenario-based learning, objective structured clinical examinations, and other similar activities in the Department of Nursing at Chang Gung University of Science and Technology...
December 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133965/evaluation-of-adjunctive-effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-on-pain-swelling-and-trismus-after-surgical-removal-of-impacted-lower-third-molar-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Farrokh Farhadi, Hosein Eslami, Alireza Majidi, Vahid Fakhrzadeh, Milad Ghanizadeh, Sahar KhademNeghad
Background and Aim: Wisdom teeth remains impacted in the jaw due to several reasons and surgery of impacted wisdom teeth is one of the most common surgeries in dental clinics. Pain, swelling and trismus are the common complications after this surgery which affect quality of life. In articles, various methods are introduced to control immediate inflammatory-response associated with third-molar surgery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adjunctive effect of low-level laser Therapy on pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133405/parallel-magnetic-field-suppresses-dissipation-in-superconducting-nanostrips
#5
Yong-Lei Wang, Andreas Glatz, Gregory J Kimmel, Igor S Aranson, Laxman R Thoutam, Zhi-Li Xiao, Golibjon R Berdiyorov, François M Peeters, George W Crabtree, Wai-Kwong Kwok
The motion of Abrikosov vortices in type-II superconductors results in a finite resistance in the presence of an applied electric current. Elimination or reduction of the resistance via immobilization of vortices is the "holy grail" of superconductivity research. Common wisdom dictates that an increase in the magnetic field escalates the loss of energy since the number of vortices increases. Here we show that this is no longer true if the magnetic field and the current are applied parallel to each other. Our experimental studies on the resistive behavior of a superconducting Mo0...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094372/a-model-based-approach-to-the-wisdom-of-the-crowd-in-category-learning
#6
Irina Danileiko, Michael D Lee
We apply the "wisdom of the crowd" idea to human category learning, using a simple approach that combines people's categorization decisions by taking the majority decision. We first show that the aggregated crowd category learning behavior found by this method performs well, learning categories more quickly than most or all individuals for 28 previously collected datasets. We then extend the approach so that it does not require people to categorize every stimulus. We do this using a model-based method that predicts the categorization behavior people would produce for new stimuli, based on their behavior with observed stimuli, and uses the majority of these predicted decisions...
November 2, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089549/mesiolingual-root-rotation-for-horizontal-mandibular-third-molar-extraction-position-classification-and-surgical-simulation
#7
Zhou-Xi Ye, Chi Yang
Extracting horizontal mandibular 3rd molars face considerable difficulty due to the large bone and adjacent tooth resistances. This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of a novel method-mesiolingual root rotation to extract wisdom teeth of this type. In this study, 73 horizontal teeth extracted using piezosurgery were reviewed and classified based on impaction depth: position I, II, III refers to the highest portion of the crown on a level with upper 1/3, middle 1/3, lower 1/3 of the 2rd molar's root...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992281/a-return-to-wisdom-using-sickness-behaviors-to-integrate-ecological-and-translational-research
#8
Kristyn E Sylvia, Gregory E Demas
Sickness is typically characterized by fever, anorexia, cachexia, and reductions in social, pleasurable, and sexual behaviors. These responses can be displayed at varying intensities both within and among individuals, and the adaptive nature of sickness responses can be demonstrated by the context-dependent nature of their expression. The study of sickness has become an important area of investigation for researchers in a wide range of areas, including psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and ecoimmunology (EI). The general goal of PNI is to identify key interactions among the nervous, endocrine and immune systems and behavior, and how disruptions in these processes might contribute to disease states...
August 25, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919021/developing-the-tissue-viability-seating-guidelines
#9
Melanie Stephens, Carol Bartley, Ria Betteridge, Ray Samuriwo
BACKGROUND: Costs for the prevention and management of pressure ulcers have increased significantly with limited published advice from health and social care organisations on seating and preventing pressure ulcers. At the request of the UK Tissue Viability Society the aim of the publication was to develop a practical guide for people, carers and health and social care professionals on how the research and evidence base on pressure ulcer prevention and management can be applied to those who remain seated for extended periods of time...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Tissue Viability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884005/gynecological-cancers-an-alternative-approach-to-healing
#10
REVIEW
Srdjan Saso, Benjamin P Jones, Timothy Bracewell-Milnes, Gulsen Huseyin, Deborah C Boyle, Giuseppe Del Priore, James Richard Smith
Grief and hope are two conflicting emotions that a patient recently diagnosed with cancer has to master. The real challenge for gynecologic oncologists is how to reach out. Conventional wisdom states that offering patients focus and belief when combating cancer in their lives allows them to embrace hope with greater confidence, which minimizes their grief. Three pictorial models are presented: '4-cusp approach' model used at the initial consultation; 'tapestry of bereavement or landscape of grief' model at the postsurgery consultation; and 'Venn-diagram' model at any time during patient management...
August 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837905/interictal-epileptiform-discharge-characteristics-underlying-expert-interrater-agreement
#11
Elham Bagheri, Justin Dauwels, Brian C Dean, Chad G Waters, M Brandon Westover, Jonathan J Halford
OBJECTIVE: The presence of interictal epileptiform discharges (IED) in the electroencephalogram (EEG) is a key finding in the medical workup of a patient with suspected epilepsy. However, inter-rater agreement (IRA) regarding the presence of IED is imperfect, leading to incorrect and delayed diagnoses. An improved understanding of which IED attributes mediate expert IRA might help in developing automatic methods for IED detection able to emulate the abilities of experts. Therefore, using a set of IED scored by a large number of experts, we set out to determine which attributes of IED predict expert agreement regarding the presence of IED...
October 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718193/metacommunity-theory-meets-restoration-isolation-may-mediate-how-ecological-communities-respond-to-stream-restoration
#12
Christopher M Swan, Bryan L Brown
An often-cited benefit of river restoration is an increase in biodiversity or shift in composition to more desirable taxa. Yet, hard manipulations of habitat structure often fail to elicit a significant response in terms of biodiversity patterns. In contrast to conventional wisdom, the dispersal of organisms may have as large an influence on biodiversity patterns as environmental conditions. This influence of dispersal may be particularly influential in river networks that are linear branching, or dendritic, and thus constrain most dispersal to the river corridor...
October 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606870/a-deep-learning-approach-for-predicting-the-quality-of-online-health-expert-question-answering-services
#13
Ze Hu, Zhan Zhang, Haiqin Yang, Qing Chen, Decheng Zuo
Recently, online health expert question-answering (HQA) services (systems) have attracted more and more health consumers to ask health-related questions everywhere at any time due to the convenience and effectiveness. However, the quality of answers in existing HQA systems varies in different situations. It is significant to provide effective tools to automatically determine the quality of the answers. Two main characteristics in HQA systems raise the difficulties of classification: (1) physicians' answers in an HQA system are usually written in short text, which yields the data sparsity issue; (2) HQA systems apply the quality control mechanism, which refrains the wisdom of crowd...
July 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569542/-racial-bias-in-mock-juror-decision-making-a-meta-analytic-review-of-defendant-treatment-correction-to-mitchell-et-al-2005
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Racial Bias in Mock Juror Decision-Making: A Meta-Analytic Review of Defendant Treatment" by Tara L. Mitchell, Ryann M. Haw, Jeffrey E. Pfeifer and Christian A. Meissner (Law and Human Behavior, 2005[Dec], Vol 29[6], 621-637). In the article, all of the numbers in Appendix A were correct, but the signs were reversed for z' in a number of studies, which are listed. Also, in Appendix B, some values were incorrect, some signs were reversed, and some values were missing. The corrected appendix is included...
June 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525303/low-level-laser-therapy-after-wisdom-teeth-surgery-evaluation-of-immunologic-markers-secretory-immunoglobulin-a-and-lysozyme-levels-and-thermographic-examination-placebo-controlled-study
#15
Tatjana Dostalova, Veronika Kroulikova, Stepan Podzimek, Helena Jelinková
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this investigation is to analyze the effect of therapeutic low-level laser therapy (LLLT) to have a possibility to check pain and inflammation connected with surgical removal of impacted lower third molars in general anesthesia or even phobia [not accompanied by pain or fear of dental treatment, using immunologic markers-secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) and lysozyme]. The healing process was also monitored by infrared thermography. BACKGROUND DATA: LLLT can accelerate the proliferation phase of healing and decrease the inflammatory reaction, but the effect is not really clear...
November 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490500/the-wisdom-of-crowds-for-visual-search
#16
Mordechai Z Juni, Miguel P Eckstein
Decision-making accuracy typically increases through collective integration of people's judgments into group decisions, a phenomenon known as the wisdom of crowds. For simple perceptual laboratory tasks, classic signal detection theory specifies the upper limit for collective integration benefits obtained by weighted averaging of people's confidences, and simple majority voting can often approximate that limit. Life-critical perceptual decisions often involve searching large image data (e.g., medical, security, and aerial imagery), but the expected benefits and merits of using different pooling algorithms are unknown for such tasks...
May 23, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452643/the-effects-of-the-more-wisdom-resources-on-spousal-caregivers-life-satisfaction-an-application-of-the-resilience-model
#17
Seungyoun Kim, Bob G Knight
OBJECTIVES: Models of resilience suggest that psychosocial resources and their interactions facilitate resilience while experiencing life challenges of caregiving. The MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, Reflective attitude, and Emotion regulation) have been suggested as possible personal resources of resilience that predict positive health outcomes of caregivers. Applying a model of resilience, this study examined the direct and indirect effects of the three of the MORE wisdom resources (sense of Mastery, Openness to experience, and Emotion regulation) on caregiving spouses' life satisfaction and perceived physical health...
October 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444384/e-science-technologies-in-a-workflow-for-personalized-medicine-using-cancer-screening-as-a-case-study
#18
Ola Spjuth, Andreas Karlsson, Mark Clements, Keith Humphreys, Emma Ivansson, Jim Dowling, Martin Eklund, Alexandra Jauhiainen, Kamila Czene, Henrik Grönberg, Pär Sparén, Fredrik Wiklund, Abbas Cheddad, Þorgerður Pálsdóttir, Mattias Rantalainen, Linda Abrahamsson, Erwin Laure, Jan-Eric Litton, Juni Palmgren
Objective: We provide an e-Science perspective on the workflow from risk factor discovery and classification of disease to evaluation of personalized intervention programs. As case studies, we use personalized prostate and breast cancer screenings. Materials and Methods: We describe an e-Science initiative in Sweden, e-Science for Cancer Prevention and Control (eCPC), which supports biomarker discovery and offers decision support for personalized intervention strategies...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341637/the-tax-exclusion-for-employer-sponsored-insurance-is-not-regressive-but-what-is-it
#19
Joseph White
Conventional wisdom says that the tax exclusion for employer-sponsored health insurance (ESI) is "regressive and therefore unfair." Yet, by the standard definition of regressive tax policy, the conventional view is almost certainly false. It confuses the absolute size of the tax exclusion with its proportional effect on income. The error results from paying attention only to the marginal tax rate applied to ESI benefits as a portion of income and ignoring the fact that benefits are normally a much larger share of income for people with lower wages...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332881/an-individualized-approach-to-the-evaluation-and-management-of-primary-aldosteronism
#20
REVIEW
Anand Vaidya, Carl D Malchoff, Richard J Auchus
OBJECTIVE: With the increased emphasis on personalized and individualized medicine, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists Adrenal Scientific Committee has developed a series of articles to update members on personalized medicine as it applies to adrenal diseases. METHODS: We synthesized literature reviews, guidelines from professional societies, and personal experience. RESULTS: Since Conn described primary aldosteronism (PA) over 60 years ago, debate has raged about the prevalence of PA in the hypertensive population, the wisdom of broadly screening for PA, and prudent approaches to evaluate and manage these patients...
June 2017: Endocrine Practice
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