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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938784/immunocastration-as-an-alternative-to-caponization-evaluation-of-its-effect-on-body-and-bone-development-and-on-meat-color-and-composition
#1
M A G Quaresma, I C Antunes, M F Ribeiro, S Prazeres, R J B Bessa, P Martins da Costa
Caponization is associated with some morbidity and mortality, which contributes to important economic losses. This practice is executed without any pain relief (neither anesthesia nor analgesia) and can be painful and without consideration of animal welfare. On the other hand, immunocastration accomplished by Improvac and Bovipriva in pigs and cattle represents a noninvasive procedure, and for that reason is regarded as an alternative with improved animal welfare. This study includes 4 experimental groups consisting of capons, slips, roosters, and birds submitted to the Improvac treatment...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938783/phytochemicals-reduce-aflatoxin-induced-toxicity-in-chicken-embryos
#2
Hsin-Bai Yin, Chi-Hung Chen, Michael J Darre, Ann M Donoghue, Dan J Donoghue, Kumar Venkitanarayanan
Aflatoxins (AF) are toxic metabolites produced by molds, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, which frequently contaminate poultry feed ingredients. Ingestion of AF-contaminated feed by chickens leads to deleterious effects, including decreased bird performance and reduced egg production. Moreover, AF residues in fertilized eggs result in huge economic losses by decreasing embryo viability and hatchability. This study investigated the efficacy of 2 generally recognized as safe phytochemicals, namely carvacrol (CR) and trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), in protecting chicken embryos from AF-induced toxicity...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938188/induction-of-heme-oxygenas-1-attenuates-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-mastitis-in-mice
#3
Hu Xiaoyu, Hongbin Si, Shumin Li, Wenqing Wang, Jian Guo, Yanyi Li, Yongguo Cao, Yunhe Fu, Naisheng Zhang
Mastitis is one of most prevalent production disease in dairy herds worldwide, and is responsible for enormous economic losses. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a cytoprotective enzyme, which is involved in the response to oxidative stress and inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to detect the protective effect of HO-1 on LPS-induced mastitis in mice. BALB/c mice were pretreated with hemin (HO-1 inducer) and zinc protoporphyrin (ZnPP; HO-1 inhibitor) at 2h before LPS stimulation. The results showed that the mammary gland damage, production of inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, and MPO activity in mammary gland tissues were significantly reduced after pretreated with hemin compared with the group of LPS stimulation only...
September 19, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938105/how-people-from-ethnic-minorities-describe-their-experiences-of-managing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Virginia Jones, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes is well-documented along with the findings that some ethnic minorities have a higher prevalence than non-minority individuals. Along with possible biological differences between ethnicities, access to economic, social, cultural and symbolic capital may impact on the success of managing type-2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To examine how people from ethnic minorities in Western countries describe their experiences of managing type-2 diabetes mellitus...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937986/household-costs-of-hospitalized-dengue-illness-in-semi-rural-thailand
#5
Yesim Tozan, Pitcha Ratanawong, Maquines Odhiambo Sewe, Annelies Wilder-Smith, Pattamaporn Kittayapong
BACKGROUND: Dengue-related illness is a leading cause of hospitalization and death in Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries, imposing a major economic burden on households, health systems, and governments. This study aims to assess the economic impact of hospitalized dengue cases on households in Chachoengsao province in eastern Thailand. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cost-of-illness study of hospitalized pediatric and adult dengue patients at three public hospitals...
September 22, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937851/hpv-vaccine-acceptability-in-high-risk-greek-men
#6
Lea Hoefer, Savas Tsikis, George Bethimoutis, Electra Nicolaidou, Vassilios Paparizos, Christina Antoniou, Antonios Kanelleas, Leonidas Chardalias, Georgios-Emmanouil Stavropoulos, John Schneider, Angella Charnot-Katsikas
BACKGROUND: HPV is associated with malignancy in men, yet there is a lack of data on HPV knowledge, vaccine acceptability, and factors affecting vaccine acceptability in Greek men. This study aims to identify determinants of knowledge and willingness to vaccinate against HPV among high-risk Greek men. METHODS: Men (n = 298) between the ages of 18 and 55 were enrolled from the STI and HIV clinics at "Andreas Syggros" Hospital in Athens, Greece from July-October 2015...
September 22, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937817/sanctions-partner-recognition-and-variation-in-mutualism
#7
Jeremy B Yoder, Peter Tiffin
Mutualistic interactions can be stabilized against invasion by noncooperative individuals by putting such "cheaters" at a selective disadvantage. Selection against cheaters should eliminate genetic variation in partner quality-yet such variation is often found in natural populations. One explanation for this paradox is that mutualism outcomes are determined not only by responses to partner performance but also by partner signals. Here, we build a model of coevolution in a symbiotic mutualism, in which hosts' ability to sanction noncooperative symbionts and recognition of symbiont signals are determined by separate loci, as are symbionts' cooperation and expression of signals...
October 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937792/timeliness-of-measles-laboratory-reporting-and-factors-associated-with-delays-zhejiang-province-china-2009-2015
#8
Hanqing He, Rui Yan, Chunhong Fan, Fangyuan Jing, Ye Ding
In 2006, China targeted measles for elimination by 2012, but the goal was not achieved. In line with this goal, the timeliness of measles laboratory reporting should be evaluated to improve efficiency in implementing control measures. Laboratory-confirmed suspected measles cases reported to the measles surveillance system in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2009 to 2015 were collected. Three reporting periods were defined: transport duration (period from serum collected to serum received in lab), analysis duration (period from serum received to the result being reported), and total reporting duration...
September 22, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937664/transition-metal-free-chemo-and-regioselective-vinylation-of-azaallyls
#9
Minyan Li, Osvaldo Gutierrez, Simon Berritt, Ana Pascual-Escudero, Ahmet Yeşilçimen, Xiaodong Yang, Javier Adrio, Georgia Huang, Eiko Nakamaru-Ogiso, Marisa C Kozlowski, Patrick J Walsh
Direct C(sp(3))-C(sp(2)) bond formation under transition-metal-free conditions offers an atom-economical, inexpensive and environmentally benign alternative to traditional transition-metal-catalysed cross-coupling reactions. A new chemo- and regioselective coupling protocol between 3-aryl-substituted-1,1-diphenyl-2-azaallyl derivatives and vinyl bromides has been developed. This is the first transition-metal-free cross-coupling of azaallyls with vinyl bromide electrophiles and delivers allylic amines in excellent yields (up to 99%)...
October 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937601/humoral-response-of-buffaloes-to-a-recombinant-vaccine-against-botulism-serotypes-c-and-d
#10
Denis Y Otaka, José D Barbosa, Clóvis Moreira, Marcos R A Ferreira, Carlos E P Cunha, Antônio R S Brito, Rafael A Donassolo, Ângela N Moreira, Fabrício R Conceição, Felipe M Salvarani
Botulism is a fatal intoxication caused by botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), which are mainly produced by Clostridium botulinum and characterized by flaccid paralysis. The BoNTs C and D are the main serotypes responsible for botulism in animals, including buffaloes. Botulism is one of the leading causes of death in adult ruminants in Brazil due to the high mortality rates, even though botulism in buffaloes is poorly reported and does not reflect the real economic impact of this disease in Brazilian herds. Vaccination is reported as the most important prophylactic measure for botulism control, although there are no specific vaccines commercially available for buffaloes in Brazil...
September 22, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937583/infectious-bronchitis-virus-variants-molecular-analysis-and-pathogenicity-investigation
#11
REVIEW
Shu-Yi Lin, Hui-Wen Chen
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) variants constantly emerge and pose economic threats to poultry farms worldwide. Numerous studies on the molecular and pathogenic characterization of IBV variants have been performed between 2007 and 2017, which we have reviewed herein. We noted that viral genetic mutations and recombination events commonly gave rise to distinct IBV genotypes, serotypes and pathotypes. In addition to characterizing the S1 genes, full viral genomic sequencing, comprehensive antigenicity, and pathogenicity studies on emerging variants have advanced our understanding of IBV infections, which is valuable for developing countermeasures against IBV field outbreaks...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937462/instability-in-thoracolumbar-trauma-is-a-new-definition-warranted
#12
Salman Abbasi Fard, Jesse Skoch, Mauricio J Avila, Apar S Patel, Kamran V Sattarov, Christina M Walter, Ali A Baaj
STUDY DESIGN: Review of the articles. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to review all articles related to spinal instability to determine a consensus statement for a contemporary, practical definition applicable to thoracolumbar injuries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Traumatic fractures of the thoracolumbar spine are common. These injuries can result in neurological deficits, disability, deformity, pain, and represent a great economic burden to society...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937354/energy-contribution-of-nova-food-groups-and-sociodemographic-determinants-of-ultra-processed-food-consumption-in-the-mexican-population
#13
Joaquín A Marrón-Ponce, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Carolina Batis
OBJECTIVE: To identify the energy contributions of NOVA food groups in the Mexican diet and the associations between individual sociodemographic characteristics and the energy contribution of ultra-processed foods (UPF). DESIGN: We classified foods and beverages reported in a 24 h recall according to the NOVA food framework into: (i) unprocessed or minimally processed foods; (ii) processed culinary ingredients; (iii) processed foods; and (iv) UPF. We estimated the energy contribution of each food group and ran a multiple linear regression to identify the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and UPF energy contribution...
September 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937287/the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-hypertension-in-a-national-survey-of-australian-children
#14
Nicholas G Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Jonathan C Craig
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of hypertension and predictors of blood pressure (BP) in a population based survey of Australian children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data for 2071 children, aged 5-17 years, from the Australian Health Survey 2011-13. Hypertension and high-normal BP were defined by a systolic or diastolic BP greater than the 95th and 90th centiles respectively, using the National High Blood Pressure Education Program fourth report reference data...
September 22, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937208/composition-dependent-morphology-of-bi-and-trimetallic-phosphides-construction-of-amorphous-pd-cu-ni-p-nanoparticles-as-a-selective-and-versatile-catalyst
#15
Ming Zhao, Yuan Ji, Mengyue Wang, Ning Zhong, Zinan Kang, Naoki Asao, Wen-Jie Jiang, Qiang Chen
Amorphous materials have been widely researched in heterogeneous catalysis and for next-generation batteries. However, the well-defined production of high-quality (e.g., monodisperse and high surface area) amorphous alloy nanomaterials has rarely been reported. In this work, we investigated the correlations among the composition, morphology, and catalysis of various Pd-M-P NPs (M = Cu or Ni), which indicated that less Cu (≤20 at%) was necessary for the formation of an amorphous morphology. The amorphous Pd-Cu-Ni-P NPs were fabricated with a controllable size and characterized carefully, which show excellent selective catalysis in the semi-hydrogenation of alkynes, hydrogenation of quinoline, and oxidation of primary alcohols...
September 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937004/suicide-in-india-part-perceptions-partial-insights-and-inadequate-solutions
#16
K S Jacob
Suicide is a complex phenomenon, often linked to environment. Despite the identification of many social, cultural, economic and political correlates and risk factors, psychiatry continues to argue for curative solutions based on the reductionistic biomedical model, rather than support public health measures to manage the larger sociocultural, economic and political context. While psychiatry and curative medicine help many people, survival of the human body is best explained by the materialist explanation that locates the variation in health and longevity to tangible resources...
May 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936854/-thinking-on-development-of-shanxi-astragali-radix-industry
#17
Xue-Mei Qin, Ai-Ping Li, Ke Li, An-Ping Li, Lu-Hong Ning
Shanxi, a traditional production area to produce genuine Astragali Radix of high quality, has experienced major changes in the pattern of resources. This area once accounted for half of Astragali Radix industry, but now only serves as the largest supply area of traditional wild Astragali Radix. Furthermore, the strategic position of Shanxi Astragali Radix industry will become more prominent and more important to economic and social development in face of the diversity of market demands, especially for the strong demands of high-end Astragali Radix...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936616/effects-of-long-term-anthropogenic-disturbance-on-the-benthic-episammic-diatom-community-of-an-ancient-tropical-lake
#18
Andrew J Bramburger, Paul B Hamilton, G Douglas Haffner
Habitat homogenization, nutrient enrichment and loss of biodiversity are broadly recognized as the consequences of human activity in aquatic systems. Diatoms (Bacillariophyceae) are frequently used in aquatic environmental assessment and impact monitoring, but in unique habitats dominated by endemic taxa, traditional approaches may not be appropriate. We examined the impacts of long term anthropogenic impacts upon the littoral episammic diatom community around the town of Soroako, located on Lake Matano, an ancient tropical lake...
September 21, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936575/coupled-effects-of-mulching-and-nitrogen-fertilization-on-crop-yield-residual-soil-nitrate-and-water-use-efficiency-of-summer-maize-in-the-chinese-loess-plateau
#19
Zhanjun Liu, Yan Meng, Miao Cai, Jianbin Zhou
Appropriate water-saving and nitrogen management strategies are critical for achieving sustainable agricultural development in dry sub-humid areas of the Chinese Loess Plateau. The present study was conducted in 2004, 2005, 2008, and 2012 based on a long-term field experiment and aimed to investigate the coupled impacts of mulching and N fertilization on maize yield, water use efficiency (WUE), and residual soil nitrate (RSN) accumulated in the soil profile (0-200 cm). The results demonstrated that mulch is conducive to increasing summer maize yield...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936394/intercultural-policy-in-times-of-crisis-theory-and-practice-in-the-case-of-turin-italy
#20
Tiziana Caponio, Davide Donatiello
In this article we analyse how interculturalism, intended as a new paradigm of immigrant integration policies, has been taking shape in an Italian city, i.e. Turin, in the context of the current economic crisis. We argue for the necessity of going beyond official statements on intercultural policy by undertaking a comparative analysis of policy practices in three Neighbourhood Houses (NHs, Case del quartiere), which are defined by the Municipality as open and intercultural spaces in which associations and citizens can develop activities aimed at expressing different cultural backgrounds, fostering participation and supporting social inclusion...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
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