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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909070/informal-caregiving-and-intimate-relationships-the-experiences-of-spouses-of-uk-military-personnel
#1
Gursimran Thandi, S Oram, A Verey, N Greenberg, N T Fear
AIM: Currently, there is no research available on the experiences of spouses providing informal care to wounded, injured or sick (WIS) UK military personnel. The aim of this study was to fill this gap by investigating the relationship experiences of non-military partners caring for WIS UK military personnel. METHODS: Spouses of WIS military personnel (n=25) completed telephone interviews with the research team. The data were transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909069/parental-reports-of-serious-illness-and-disability-among-children-aged-3-16%C3%A2-years-from-uk-military-families
#2
Charandeep K Khera, S A M Stevelink, N T Fear
BACKGROUND: Prevalence rates of child illness according to parents have been found to vary greatly in the general population, with even less known about children of military parents. Mothers are generally considered more informed about their children's problems than fathers. This paper aimed to establish the prevalence of serious illness and disability among children from military families, noting the difference between parental reports. METHODS: Male serving and ex-serving personnel with children aged 3-16 years were invited to take part in an online questionnaire and telephone interview based on their child's health...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#3
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903837/the-effect-of-army-vest-design-on-the-occurrence-of-stress-fractures-and-overuse-injuries-in-female-military-recruits
#4
Ezequiel Palmanovich, M Frankl, M Nyska, I Hetsroni, N Constantini, L Trejo, R Bechar, G Novak, Z Lankovsky, G Mann
INTRODUCTION: Stress fractures (SFs) occur when microdamage caused by repetitive mechanical load exceeds the biological load-bearing capacity of the bone. The study objective was to test whether a vest specifically designed and manufactured for female recruits, compared with the standard vest used on a regular basis by Border Police recruits, would reduce the incidence of SF in female Border Police recruits. Data based on reports of military personnel show that women are more likely to sustain SFs...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900193/exertional-rhabdomyolysis-physiological-response-or-manifestation-of-an-underlying-myopathy
#5
Renata S Scalco, Marc Snoeck, Ros Quinlivan, Susan Treves, Pascal Laforét, Heinz Jungbluth, Nicol C Voermans
Exertional rhabdomyolysis is characterised by muscle breakdown associated with strenuous exercise or normal exercise under extreme circumstances. Key features are severe muscle pain and sudden transient elevation of serum creatine kinase (CK) levels with or without associated myoglobinuria. Mild cases may remain unnoticed or undiagnosed. Exertional rhabdomyolysis is well described among athletes and military personnel, but may occur in anybody exposed to unaccustomed exercise. In contrast, exertional rhabdomyolysis may be the first manifestation of a genetic muscle disease that lowers the exercise threshold for developing muscle breakdown...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900174/physical-and-functional-outcomes-following-multidisciplinary-residential-rehabilitation-for-prearthritic-hip-pain-among-young-active-uk-military-personnel
#6
Russell J Coppack, James L Bilzon, Andrew K Wills, Ian M McCurdie, Laura K Partridge, Alastair M Nicol, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: There are no studies describing the clinical outcomes of a residential, multidisciplinary team (MDT) rehabilitation intervention for patients with prearthritic hip pain. The aim of this cohort study was to describe the functional and physical outcomes of multidisciplinary residential rehabilitation for UK military personnel with prearthritic hip pain. METHODS: Participants (N=40) with a mean age of 33 years referred to a specialist residential rehabilitation centre completed a comprehensive multidisciplinary residential intervention...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893266/assessing-civilian-perceptions-of-combat-veterans-an-iat-study
#7
Cade Schreger, Matthew Kimble
Objective: Evidence suggests that civilians may have considerable ambivalence to returning veterans. While civilians are frequently grateful for the service of military personnel, they can often be wary of the mental health and stability of returning veterans. If civilians do hold such negative biases toward veterans, whether implicit or explicit, this may have a significant impact on the ability of military personnel to integrate back into society. The goal of the study was to test whether participants held an implicit bias of mental instability toward veterans...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893066/symptoms-and-satisfaction-of-patients-in-the-patient-reported-outcomes-with-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-prowl-studies
#8
Malvina Eydelman, Gene Hilmantel, Michelle E Tarver, Elizabeth M Hofmeister, Jeanine May, Keri Hammel, Ron D Hays, Frederick Ferris
Importance: Patient-reported outcomes should be collected using validated questionnaires prior to and following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery. Objective: To report the frequency of patient-reported visual symptoms, dry eye symptoms, satisfaction with vision, and satisfaction with LASIK surgery in the Patient-Reported Outcomes With LASIK (PROWL) studies. Design, Setting, and Participants: The PROWL-1 and PROWL-2 studies were prospective, observational studies conducted from September 13, 2011, to June 27, 2014...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889010/neuropsychiatric-aspects-of-concussion
#9
REVIEW
Rajiv Radhakrishnan, Amir Garakani, Lawrence S Gross, Marcia K Goin, Janet Pine, Andrew E Slaby, Calvin R Sumner, David A Baron
Over the past decade, concussion has become the most widely discussed injury in contact sports. However, concussions also occur in several other settings, such as non-contact sports, elderly individuals, young children, military personnel, and victims of domestic violence. Concussion is frequently undiagnosed as a cause of psychiatric morbidity, especially when the patient has no history of loss of consciousness or direct head trauma. Almost all of the extant literature focuses on traumatic brain injury and assumes that concussion is merely a mild form of traumatic brain injury, which has resulted in a lack of understanding about what concussion is, and how to diagnose, monitor, and treat its varied neuropsychiatric symptoms...
December 2016: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886636/the-impact-of-social-support-unit-cohesion-and-trait-resilience-on-ptsd-in-treatment-seeking-military-personnel-with-ptsd-the-role-of-posttraumatic-cognitions
#10
Yinyin Zang, Thea Gallagher, Carmen P McLean, Hallie S Tannahill, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Edna B Foa
BACKGROUND: The personal resources of social support, unit cohesion, and trait resilience have been found to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) severity among military personnel. However, the underlying mechanisms of these relationships are unclear. We hypothesized that negative posttraumatic cognitions, which are associated with PTSD, mediate the relationships between these personal resources and PTSD. METHODS: The relationship between PTSD symptom severity and a latent factor comprised of social support, unit cohesion, and trait resilience was evaluated using cross-sectional data from 366 treatment-seeking active duty military personnel with PTSD following deployments to or near Iraq or Afghanistan...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885790/hardiness-avoidance-coping-and-alcohol-consumption-in-war-veterans-a-moderated-mediation-study
#11
Paul T Bartone, Bjorn H Johnsen, Jarle Eid, Sigurd W Hystad, Jon C Laberg
Military personnel often engage in excessive alcohol use after returning from deployments. Thus far, research has paid scant attention to personality factors that may increase or diminish the risk for increased alcohol consumption in this population. The present study explores how psychological hardiness, avoidance coping, and stress exposure may interact to influence alcohol consumption patterns in soldiers following deployment. U.S. Army National Guard soldiers (N = 357) were surveyed shortly after returning from combat operations in Afghanistan...
November 24, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885067/repeat-infection-with-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-active-duty-u-s-army-personnel-a-population-based-case-series-study
#12
Christian T Bautista, Eyako K Wurapa, Warren B Sateren, Sara M Morris, Bruce P Hollingsworth, Jose L Sanchez
Little information is known on the rate of repeat gonorrhea infection among U.S. military personnel. We analyzed all gonorrhea cases reported to the Defense Medical Surveillance System during 2006-2012 to determine the rate of repeat infection. During the seven-year study period, 17,602 active duty U.S. Army personnel with a first incident gonorrhea infection were reported. Among the 4987 women with a first gonorrhea infection, 14.4% had at least one repeat infection. Among the 12,615 men with a first gonorrhea infection, 13...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880629/suicidal-ideation-and-interpersonal-needs-factor-structure-of-a-short-version-of-the-interpersonal-needs-questionnaire-in-an-at-risk-military-sample
#13
Nicholas P Allan, Daniel F Gros, Melanie A Hom, Thomas E Joiner, Tracy Stecker
OBJECTIVE: The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide posits that perceived burdensomeness (PB; i.e., the belief that others would be better off if one were dead) and thwarted belongingness (TB; i.e., the belief that one lacks meaningful social connections) are both necessary risk factors for the development of suicidal ideation. To test these relations, measures are needed that are well validated, especially in samples of at-risk adults. METHOD: The current study was designed to examine the factor structure of an eight-item version of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) in a sample of 405 U...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873538/the-effects-of-elevated-hearing-thresholds-on-performance-in-a-paintball-simulation-of-individual-dismounted-combat
#14
Benjamin Sheffield, Douglas Brungart, Jennifer Tufts, James Ness
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between hearing acuity and operational performance in simulated dismounted combat. DESIGN: Individuals wearing hearing loss simulation systems competed in a paintball-based exercise where the objective was to be the last player remaining. Four hearing loss profiles were tested in each round (no hearing loss, mild, moderate and severe) and four rounds were played to make up a match. This allowed counterbalancing of simulated hearing loss across participants...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865845/temporal-spatial-and-metabolic-measures-of-walking-in-highly-functional-individuals-with-lower-limb-amputations
#15
Hannah L Jarvis, Alex N Bennett, Martin Twiste, Rhodri D Phillip, John Etherington, Richard Baker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this descriptive exploratory study is to record the temporal spatial parameters and metabolic energy expenditure during walking of individuals with amputation, walking with advanced prostheses and following completion of comprehensive rehabilitation, to able-bodied controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional SETTING: Multi-disciplinary comprehensive rehabilitation centre PARTICIPANTS: Thirty severely injured United Kingdom military personnel with amputation and subsequent completion of their rehabilitation programme (10 unilateral trans-tibial, 10 unilateral trans-femoral, and 10 bilateral trans-femoral) were compared to (and of similar age, height and mass (p >0...
November 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863799/retrospective-analysis-of-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-caries-in-the-distal-surface-of-mandibular-second-molars-in-british-military-personnel
#16
T Pepper, P Grimshaw, T Konarzewski, J Combes
Mandibular third molars are commonly removed because of distal caries in the adjacent tooth. To find out the prevalence of distal caries in mandibular second molars we retrospectively studied the primary care dental records of 720 British military personnel (653 men and 67 women) from various centres. These records are standardised and personnel are required to attend for inspection regularly. Those who had been under 20 years of age at enlistment, who had served for at least five years, and had five recorded dental inspections, were included...
November 15, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863577/us-military-nurses-serving-within-the-chaos-of-disaster
#17
REVIEW
Felecia M Rivers
The purpose of this article is to share US military nurses' experiences of responding to disasters. Using phenomenology, 23 participants serving as US military nurses from different service branches and the US Public Health Service volunteered for a single face-to-face interview. Five polar themes plus one final theme emerged from the narratives. Nurses expressed a sense of loss, reshaping of thoughts regarding disasters, and new appreciation of how people's lives are totally disrupted. Findings showed a need for change in nursing education, practice, training, policy, and recommendations for higher education and how the military may better educate its personnel...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857960/heat-strain-during-military-training-activities-the-dilemma-of-balancing-force-protection-and-operational-capability
#18
Andrew P Hunt, Daniel C Billing, Mark J Patterson, Joanne N Caldwell
Military activities in hot environments pose 2 competing demands: the requirement to perform realistic training to develop operational capability with the necessity to protect armed forces personnel against heat-related illness. To ascertain whether work duration limits for protection against heat-related illness restrict military activities, this study examined the heat strain and risks of heat-related illness when conducting a military activity above the prescribed work duration limits. Thirty-seven soldiers conducted a march (10 km; ∼5...
April 2016: Temperature: Multidisciplinary Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855322/standardizing-psycho-medical-torture-during-the-war-on-terror-why-it-happened-how-it-happened-and-why-it-didn-t-work
#19
Myles Balfe
After 9/11/2001 the United States launched a global War on Terror. As part of this War, terrorism suspects were detained by the U.S. military and by the C.I.A. It is now widely recognized that the United States tortured a number of these detainees in the context of its 'enhanced interrogation' programme. This article examines how and why U.S. organizations developed standards that allowed healthcare professionals to become involved in torture; why the standards developed by U.S. security institutions failed to control the actions of enhanced interrogation personnel on the ground; and what the role of standards were in stopping the enhanced interrogation initiative...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853169/prevalence-of-use-of-erectile-dysfunction-medication-by-dutch-military-personnel-between-2003-and-2012
#20
D G A Janssen, E Vermetten, T C G Egberts, E R Heerdink
Use of ED medication can be seen as a marker for ED. ED is associated with increasing age, exposure to traumatic events and physical injuries in military veterans. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of use of ED medication in Dutch military personnel in the period 2003-2012 and to assess its association with age and psychotropic medication use. Data on dispensing of ED medication, age and co-medication with psychotropic medication of all Dutch military personnel between 2003 and 2012 were collected...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Impotence Research
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