keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Military personnel

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096246/chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-is-latency-in-symptom-onset-explained-by-tau-propagation
#1
Joshua Kriegel, Zachary Papadopoulos, Ann C McKee
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a neurodegenerative tauopathy associated with repetitive mild brain trauma. CTE, previously termed "dementia pugilistica," has been identified in American football, ice hockey, baseball, rugby and soccer players, boxers, wrestlers, and military personnel exposed to blast and other traumatic brain injuries. There is often a long latency period between an individual's exposure to repetitive brain trauma and the clinical symptoms of CTE. The pathology of CTE is characterized by a progression from isolated focal perivascular hyperphosphorylated tau lesions in the cerebral cortex to a widespread tauopathy that involves diffuse cortical and medial temporal lobe regions...
January 17, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092100/comparing-human-resource-planning-models-in-dentistry-a-case-study-using-canadian-armed-forces-dental-clinics
#2
Jodi L Shaw, Julie W Farmer, Peter C Coyte, Herenia P Lawrence
OBJECTIVES: To compare two methods of allocating general dentists to Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) dental detachments: a dentist-to-population ratio model and a needs-based model. METHODS: Data obtained from CAF sources were analysed to compare models. Times assigned to treatment plan procedures were used as a proxy for treatment needs. Full-time equivalents (FTEs) were used as an indicator for the number of dentists allocated to each detachment. FTE values were adjusted for military dentists to account for time spent on compulsory nonclinical duties...
January 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077744/neuropsychiatric-outcomes-after-mefloquine-exposure-among-u-s-military-service-members
#3
Angelia A Eick-Cost, Zheng Hu, Patricia Rohrbeck, Leslie L Clark
Mefloquine was widely prescribed to U.S. military service members until 2009 when use was limited to personnel with contraindications to doxycycline and no contraindications to mefloquine. The need to estimate the occurrence of neuropsychiatric outcomes (NPOs) in service members prescribed mefloquine warranted a comprehensive evaluation of this issue. Active component service members filling a prescription for mefloquine, doxycycline, or atovaquone/proguanil (A/P) between January 1, 2008 and June 30, 2013, were included in the analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073904/comparability-of-health-service-use-by-veterans-with-multisymptom-illness-and-those-with-chronic-diseases
#4
Stella M Gwini, Andrew B Forbes, Malcolm R Sim, Helen L Kelsall
OBJECTIVE: To compare health service utilization and disability claims among military personnel with multisymptom illness (MSI) (but no chronic diseases), those with chronic disease(s) and those without MSI or chronic diseases. MSI is also known as Gulf War illness. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 1288 participants of a Gulf War veterans' study conducted in 2000-2003 (Wave-1) were followed up in 2011-2012 (Wave-2), aged on average 40 years...
January 9, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073825/comparison-of-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-military-and-non-military-men
#5
Adel Joharimoghadam, S-M Ghoreyshi-Hefzabad, S Kheirkhah-Sabetghadam
OBJECTIVES: Living in a military environment, as a unique job and lifestyle, may affect the physical and mental status of military personnel. Coronary artery disease (CAD) status and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in military personnel as a unique part of each society are less investigated. METHOD: In a registry-based study, data of 338 military men and 1954 non-military men who underwent successful PCI from March 2012 to March 2013 were analysed...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073733/antibiotic-therapy-and-staphylococcal-skin-infections-in-a-tropical-malarial-zone-guyana-practices-in-conventional-and-exceptional-situations
#6
S-P Corcostegui, H Lefort, A Dia, V Pommier de Santi, C Carfantan, J Galant, E Lightburne, P Guénot, X Deparis, R Migliani, J-J Morand
A problem of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus skin infections emerged in the French armed forces in 2004, in a malaria-endemic areas. The high incidence rate led us to evaluate military staff practices. This was a cross-sectional survey of doctors and nurses deployed as officers in French Guyana since 2006. The definition of skin and soft-tissue infection came from the criteria for epidemiological surveillance of the armed forces. We studied the management of antibiotic therapy and its related difficulties...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068141/ethnoracial-differences-in-ptsd-symptoms-and-trauma-related-cognitions-in-treatment-seeking-active-duty-military-personnel-for-ptsd
#7
Brittany N Hall-Clark, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Anu Asnaani, Jody Zhong, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Edna B Foa
OBJECTIVE: It is uncertain whether ethnoracial factors should be considered by clinicians assessing and treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among service members. The purpose of this study was to shed light on ethnoracial variation in the presentation of PTSD symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and emotions among treatment-seeking active duty military personnel. METHOD: Participants were 303 male active duty military members with PTSD participating in a clinical trial (60% were self-identified as White, 19% as African American, and 21% as Hispanic/Latino)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067586/sociotechnical-perspective-on-implementing-clinical-video-telehealth-for-veterans-with-spinal-cord-injuries-and-disorders
#8
Rachael N Martinez, Timothy P Hogan, Salva Balbale, Keshonna Lones, Barry Goldstein, Christine Woo, Bridget M Smith
BACKGROUND: Real-time videoconferencing technology such as clinical video telehealth (CVT) offers a means to reach patient populations who face limited access to healthcare. The Veterans Health Administration has invested in CVT to improve care access for U.S. military veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D); however, no studies have assessed the factors that influence implementation of this technology in clinical practice for individuals with SCI/D. INTRODUCTION: Guided by a sociotechnical perspective, the purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence implementation of CVT for veterans with SCI/D...
January 9, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062529/a-mixed-reality-simulator-concept-for-future-medical-emergency-response-team-training
#9
Robert J Stone, R Guest, P Mahoney, D Lamb, C Gibson
The UK Defence Medical Service's Pre-Hospital Emergency Care (PHEC) capability includes rapid-deployment Medical Emergency Response Teams (MERTs) comprising tri-service trauma consultants, paramedics and specialised nurses, all of whom are qualified to administer emergency care under extreme conditions to improve the survival prospects of combat casualties. The pre-deployment training of MERT personnel is designed to foster individual knowledge, skills and abilities in PHEC and in small team performance and cohesion in 'mission-specific' contexts...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060206/tbi-and-treatment-response-in-a-randomized-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy
#10
Jessica Bomyea, Ariel J Lang, Paula P Schnurr
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs in a substantial minority of military personnel, and commonly is associated with mental health disorders and postconcussive symptoms (PCS). The implications of TBI for mental health treatment are not well understood. The present study sought to describe psychotherapy response in veterans with and without TBI. DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis from a 2-group randomized controlled trial. SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASURES: One hundred and sixty male and female veterans participated in a multisite randomized controlled trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Present Centered Therapy; a subset of 129 veterans were included in these analyses...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056004/notes-from-the-field-compliance-with-postexposure-prophylaxis-for-exposure-to-bacillus-anthracis-among-u-s-military-personnel-south-korea-may-2015
#11
Koya C Allen, Katherine Hendricks, Eric Sergienko, Raul Mirza, Rohit A Chitale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055221/zika-virus-infections-in-military-health-system-beneficiaries-since-the-introduction-of-the-virus-in-the-western-hemisphere-1-january-2016-through-30-november-2016
#12
Daniela E Poss, James V Writer, Stric Harris
The introduction and rapid spread of Zika virus (ZIKV) across the Western Hemisphere have posed a risk of infection to Military Health System (MHS) beneficiaries. The associated consequences of infection and the dynamics of transmission may place a unique burden on military personnel, their dependents, and the MHS. This article summarizes the impact of ZIKV transmission on MHS beneficiaries between 1 January and 30 November 2016. Cases were identified from a variety of sources, including direct reporting from the services, extraction of laboratory data, and data from the Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) Reportable Medical Events database...
December 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051983/rapid-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-femoral-neck-stress-fractures-in-a-u-s-active-duty-military-population
#13
Lauren A May, Dillon C Chen, Liem T Bui-Mansfield, Seth D O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: Timely diagnosis of femoral neck stress fractures is important to prevent fracture completion and displacement. We hypothesize that an abbreviated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) hip examination can diagnose femoral neck stress fractures and that femoral neck stress fractures are common in U.S. military recruits. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed abbreviated hip MRI examinations performed on active duty patients from November 1, 2013, to August 5, 2014...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051977/prevalence-of-psychotropic-medication-use-among-dutch-military-personnel-between-2003-and-2012-and-its-comparison-to-the-dutch-general-population
#14
Debbie G A Janssen, Eric Vermetten, Toine C G Egberts, Eibert R Heerdink
BACKGROUND: The armed forces work under high pressure and in stressful environments and it is well known that being in the military is a risk factor for psychiatric problems. However, it remains unknown how prevalent psychotropic medication use is in military personnel. OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of psychotropic medication use in Dutch military personnel and compare to the Dutch general population. METHODS: Data were obtained from the military pharmacy...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050256/factors-associated-with-unintended-weight-change-in-the-uk-armed-forces-a-cohort-study
#15
Sharon Am Stevelink, Nicola T Fear
OBJECTIVE: To examine factors associated with self-reported unintended weight change in (ex-) military personnel of the UK Armed Forces. DESIGN: A cohort study whereby a self-report questionnaire was administered at baseline (2003-2005) and follow-up (2007-2009). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 6352 former and serving military personnel of the UK Armed Forces. SETTING: United Kingdom. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Personnel were asked about socio-demographic, military and (mental) health characteristics, including screening measures for common mental health disorders...
July 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049240/characteristics-of-adenovirus-pneumonia-in-korean-military-personnel-2012-2016
#16
Hee Yoon, Byung Woo Jhun, Hojoong Kim, Hongseok Yoo, Sung Bum Park
Adenovirus (AdV) can cause severe pneumonia in non-immunocompromised host, but limited data exist on the distinctive characteristics of AdV pneumonia in non-immunocompromised patients. We evaluated distinctive clinico-laboratory and radiological characteristics and outcomes of AdV pneumonia (n = 179), compared with non-AdV pneumonia (n = 188) in Korean military personnel between 2012 and 2016. AdV pneumonia patients had a higher rate of consolidation with ground-glass opacity (101/152) in lobar distribution (89/152) on computed tomography (CT) (P < 0...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046039/humoral-immunity-to-primary-smallpox-vaccination-impact-of-childhood-versus-adult-immunization-on-vaccinia-vector-vaccine-development-in-military-populations
#17
Bonnie M Slike, Matthew Creegan, Mary Marovich, Viseth Ngauy
Modified Vaccinia virus has been shown to be a safe and immunogenic vector platform for delivery of HIV vaccines. Use of this vector is of particular importance to the military, with the implementation of a large scale smallpox vaccination campaign in 2002 in active duty and key civilian personnel in response to potential bioterrorist activities. Humoral immunity to smallpox vaccination was previously shown to be long lasting (up to 75 years) and protective. However, using vaccinia-vectored vaccine delivery for other diseases on a background of anti-vector antibodies (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045798/the-association-between-toxic-exposures-and-chronic-multisymptom-illness-in-veterans-of-the-wars-of-iraq-and-afghanistan
#18
Bryann B DeBeer, Dena Davidson, Eric C Meyer, Nathan A Kimbrel, Suzy B Gulliver, Sandra B Morissette
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine if post-9/11 veterans deployed to the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts experienced toxic exposures and whether they are related to symptoms of chronic multisymptom illness (CMI). METHODS: Data from 224 post-9/11 veterans who self-reported exposure to hazards in theater were analyzed using hierarchical regression. RESULTS: Of the sample, 97.2% endorsed experiencing one or more potentially toxic exposure...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039342/meningococcal-disease-has-the-battle-been-won
#19
REVIEW
Beverley C Millar, P J A Moore, J E Moore
Meningococcal disease is a worldwide life-threatening infection associated in many cases with debilitating long-term sequelae, both within the military and civilian populations. Military recruits are at a higher risk of acquiring this infection due to numerous factors, such as young recruits in the age group 18-25 years, high carriage rates of meningococci, communal and crowed living quarters and global deployment or training in regions with different meningococcal serogroup epidemiology. Although these increased risk factors among young recruits remain, the increased incidence of disease is now historic...
December 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034617/cochlear-hair-cell-regeneration-after-noise-induced-hearing-loss-does-regeneration-follow-development
#20
REVIEW
Fei Zheng, Jian Zuo
Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) affects a large number of military personnel and civilians. Regenerating inner-ear cochlear hair cells (HCs) is a promising strategy to restore hearing after NIHL. In this review, we first summarize recent transcriptome profile analysis of zebrafish lateral lines and chick utricles where spontaneous HC regeneration occurs after HC damage. We then discuss recent studies in other mammalian regenerative systems such as pancreas, heart and central nervous system. Both spontaneous and forced HC regeneration occurs in mammalian cochleae in vivo involving proliferation and direct lineage conversion...
December 26, 2016: Hearing Research
keyword
keyword
88518
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"