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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344974/utilizing-selected-social-determinants-and-behaviors-to-predict-obesity-in-military-personnel
#1
Gordon F West, Diana D Jeffery
OBJECTIVE: Like the general population, the military is experiencing an increase in the number of obese personnel. This study aimed to identify predictors of obesity by assessing social determinants of health and behaviors in relation to Body Mass Index (BMI), and to use these variables to build a model to predict obesity in Active Duty Military Personnel (ADMP). Predicting obesity would allow early intervention of at risk personnel, potentially reducing the number of ADMP who are separated from the service for failing to meet weight standards...
January 18, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342191/changes-in-balance-and-joint-position-sense-during-a-12-day-high-altitude-trek-the-british-services-dhaulagiri-medical-research-expedition
#2
Sarah B Clarke, Kevin Deighton, Caroline Newman, Gareth Nicholson, Liam Gallagher, Christopher J Boos, Adrian Mellor, David R Woods, John P O'Hara
Postural control and joint position sense are essential for safely undertaking leisure and professional activities, particularly at high altitude. We tested whether exposure to a 12-day trek with a gradual ascent to high altitude impairs postural control and joint position sense. This was a repeated measures observational study of 12 military service personnel (28±4 years). Postural control (sway velocity measured by a portable force platform) during standing balance, a Sharpened Romberg Test and knee joint position sense were measured, in England (113m elevation) and at 3 research camps (3619m, 4600m and 5140m) on a 12-day high altitude trek in the Dhaulagiri region of Nepal...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338612/gene-profiling-of-nucleus-basalis-tau-containing-neurons-in-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-a-chronic-effects-of-neurotrauma-consortium-study
#3
Elliott Jay Mufson, Bin He, Stephen D Ginsberg, Benjamin A Carper, Gayle S Bieler, Fiona C Crawford, Victor E Alverez, Bernard R Huber, Thor D Stein, Ann C McKee, Sylvia E Perez
Military personnel and athletes exposed to traumatic brain injury may develop chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Brain pathology in CTE includes intracellular accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau proteins (p-tau), the main constituent of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs). Recently, we found that cholinergic basal forebrain (CBF) neurons within the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM), which provide the major cholinergic innervation to the cortex, display an increasing number of NFTs across the pathological stages of CTE...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326125/hazardous-alcohol-consumption-among-spouses-or-partners-of-military-service-personnel-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Rachael Gribble, G K Thandi, L Goodwin, N T Fear
BACKGROUND: Alcohol misuse is particularly high among both the UK and US Armed Forces. As alcohol use among couples is associated, military spouses or partners may therefore be at a higher risk of acquiring hazardous drinking behaviours than people in relationships with other occupational groups. METHOD: A literature review using a systematic approach was undertaken in four medical databases and supplemented with hand searches of specialist publications and reference lists...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322229/bioanalytical-verification-of-v-type-nerve-agent-exposure-simultaneous-detection-of-phosphonylated-tyrosines-and-cysteine-containing-disulfide-adducts-derived-from-human-albumin
#5
Andreas Kranawetvogl, Jim Küppers, Markus Siegert, Michael Gütschow, Franz Worek, Horst Thiermann, Paul W Elsinghorst, Harald John
Nerve agents still represent a serious threat to civilian and military personnel as demonstrated by the violent conflict in the Middle East. For verification of poisoning, covalent adducts with endogenous proteins (e.g., human serum albumin, HSA) are valuable long-term biomarkers. Accordingly, we developed a microbore liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry/high-resolution mass spectrometry (μLC-ESI MS/HR MS) method for simultaneous detection of HSA-adducts with the V-type nerve agents VX, Chinese VX (CVX), and Russian VX (RVX)...
January 10, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321373/the-current-state-of-biomarkers-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
REVIEW
Han Jun Kim, Jack W Tsao, Ansley Grimes Stanfill
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a common occurrence, with over 3 million cases reported every year in the United States. While research into the underlying pathophysiology is ongoing, there is an urgent need for better clinical guidelines that allow more consistent diagnosis of mTBI and ensure safe return-to-play timelines for athletes, nonathletes, and military personnel. The development of a suite of biomarkers that indicate the pathogenicity of mTBI could lead to clinically useful tools for establishing both diagnosis and prognosis...
January 11, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317472/failure-of-systemic-oral-doxycycline-in-preventing-ocular-toxoplasmic-retinochoroiditis-in-french-military-personnel
#7
Sami Saad, M Delbarre, R Saad, M Berguiga, D Benisty, M Marechal, T Adam, F Froussart
This paper describes two cases of toxoplasmic chorioretinitis presenting in two French soldiers who had been receiving oral doxycycline for malaria prophylaxis. This is despite the proven effectiveness of oral doxycycline in treating Toxoplasma gondii, the most common cause of this infection. The lack of effectiveness of oral doxycycline in these two cases most likely reflected that the ocular concentration of 100 mg daily doxycycline is too low to treat or prevent Toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis (TC). Clinicians should therefore be aware that soldiers taking prophylactic oral doxycycline are still at risk of developing ocular TC with potentially sight-threatening consequences if not treated adequately...
January 8, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315115/racial-comparison-of-d-dimer-levels-in-u-s-male-military-personnel-before-and-after-hiv-infection-and-viral-suppression
#8
Thomas A O'Bryan, Brian K Agan, Russell P Tracy, Matthew S Freiberg, Jason F Okulicz, Kaku So-Armah, Anuradha Ganesan, David Rimland, Tahaniyat Lalani, Robert G Deiss, Edmund C Tramont
BACKGROUND: D-dimer blood levels in persons with HIV infection are associated with risk of serious non-AIDS conditions and death. Black race has been correlated with higher D-dimer levels in several studies. We examined the effects of race and HIV on D-dimer over time and the impact of viral load suppression by longitudinally comparing changes in levels among healthy young adult male African Americans and Caucasians before HIV seroconversion, and before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311532/the-formation-of-the-military-medical-system-of-the-korean-people-s-army-and-the-military-medical-officer
#9
Seonho Kim
The military medical system of the Korean People's Army (KPA) first appeared in August 1946 when a central military hospita was established at the headquarters. Inside the KPA, the military medical and veteran services were first established in February 1948. The military medical officers of the KPA were those who were initially engaged in North Korea's health care sector. Most of the early military medical officers were those who had been trained in the Japanese medical system before liberation and were surgeons...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304289/risk-factors-clinical-presentations-and-functional-impairments-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-military-personnel-and-the-general-population-in-canada
#10
Tamara L Taillieu, Tracie O Afifi, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Janique Fortier, Mark Zamorski, Jitender Sareen
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine differences in sociodemographic risk factors, comorbid mental conditions, clinical presentations, and functional impairments associated with past-year generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) between Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Force personnel and the Canadian general population (CGP). METHOD: Data were from 2 nationally representative surveys collected by Statistics Canada: 1) the Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health, collected in 2012 ( N = 25,113; response rate = 68...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296103/interoceptive-sensitivity-as-a-proxy-for-emotional-intensity-and-its-relationship-with-perseverative-cognition
#11
Ricardo G Lugo, Kirsi Helkala, Benjamin J Knox, Øyvind Jøsok, Natalie M Lande, Stefan Sütterlin
Background: Technical advancement in military cyber defense poses increased cognitive demands on cyber officers. In the cyber domain, the influence of emotion on decision-making is rarely investigated. The purpose of this study was to assess psychophysiological correlation with perseverative cognitions during emotionally intensive/stressful situations in cyber military personnel. In line with parallel research on clinical samples high on perseverative cognition, we expected a decreased interoceptive sensitivity in officers with high levels of perseverative cognition...
2018: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294977/risk-and-protective-factors-for-difficulty-controlling-violent-behavior-in-national-guard-and-reserve-service-members
#12
Miranda Worthen, Sujit D Rathod, Gregory Cohen, Laura Sampson, Robert Ursano, Robert Gifford, Carol Fullerton, Sandro Galea, Jennifer Ahern
Violent behavior is an important problem for military service members and veterans. A representative cohort of U.S. Reserve and National Guard personnel ( N = 1,293) were interviewed to assess self-reported problems controlling violent behavior, deployment traumas, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), alcohol abuse, and social support. Poisson regression models were used to estimate the associations of violent behavior with risk and protective factors. Problems controlling violent behavior were uncommon among male (3...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287681/alphavirus-vector-based-replicon-particles-expressing-multivalent-cross-protective-lassa-virus-glycoproteins
#13
Min Wang, Jenny Jokinen, Irina Tretyakova, Peter Pushko, Igor S Lukashevich
Lassa virus (LASV) is the most prevalent rodent-borne arenavirus circulated in West Africa. With population at risk from Senegal to Nigeria, LASV causes Lassa fever and is responsible for thousands of deaths annually. High genetic diversity of LASV is one of the challenges for vaccine R&D. We developed multivalent virus-like particle vectors (VLPVs) derived from the human Venezuelan equine encephalitis TC-83 IND vaccine (VEEV) as the next generation of alphavirus-based bicistronic RNA replicon particles. The genes encoding VEEV structural proteins were replaced with LASV glycoproteins (GPC) from distantly related clades I and IV with individual 26S promoters...
December 26, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287039/effect-of-blast-injury-on-auditory-localization-in-military-service-members
#14
Lina R Kubli, Douglas Brungart, Jerry Northern
OBJECTIVES: Among the many advantages of binaural hearing are the abilities to localize sounds in space and to attend to one sound in the presence of many sounds. Binaural hearing provides benefits for all listeners, but it may be especially critical for military personnel who must maintain situational awareness in complex tactical environments with multiple speech and noise sources. There is concern that Military Service Members who have been exposed to one or more high-intensity blasts during their tour of duty may have difficulty with binaural and spatial ability due to degradation in auditory and cognitive processes...
December 27, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282787/development-and-evaluation-of-the-expressions-of-moral-injury-scale-military-version
#15
Joseph M Currier, Jacob K Farnsworth, Kent D Drescher, Ryon C McDermott, Brook M Sims, David L Albright
There is consensus that military personnel can encounter a far more diverse set of challenges than researchers and clinicians have historically appreciated. Moral injury (MI) represents an emerging construct to capture behavioural, social, and spiritual suffering that may transcend and overlap with mental health diagnoses (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder). The Expressions of Moral Injury Scale-Military Version (EMIS-M) was developed to provide a reliable and valid means for assessing the warning signs of a MI in military populations...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281745/detecting-potential-underreporting-of-suicide-ideation-among-u-s-military-personnel
#16
Michael D Anestis, Richard S Mohn, Jack W Dorminey, Bradley A Green
Using a military sample comprised largely of National Guard personnel, zero-inflation negative binomial regression was applied to estimate the effects of indirect, nonface valid indicators of suicide ideation [Thwarted Belongingness (TB), Perceived Burdensomeness (PB), and Hopelessness], in predicting suicide ideation. Data from a sample of 497 military personnel (82.1% male; mage  = 27.24; range = 18-59) were analyzed. TB and the interaction of TB with Hopelessness were significant predictors in the logistic regression, and in the negative binomial regression, the main effects of TB and hopelessness, and the interactions of TB with hopelessness and PB with hopelessness were significant...
December 27, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281197/smoking-cessation-program-among-naval-diver-trainees-in-the-republic-of-singapore-navy
#17
Jake Jk Goh
BACKGROUND: Since 2016, the Naval Diving Unit (NDU) of the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) has instituted a smoking cessation trial program for their trainees, instituting a blanket ban on smoking during training hours in order to promote smoking cessation and create a smoke-free culture among its servicemen. For the rest of RSN personnel, they would attend a more costly, established Health Promotion Board (HPB) smoking cessation program, which employs social support strategies, while they undergo basic training in the Navy Military Experts Institute (NMI)...
November 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279321/power-supplies-and-equipment-for-military-field-research-lessons-from-the-british-service-dhaulagiri-research-expedition-2016
#18
Matt Howard, J Bakker-Dyos, L Gallagher, J P O'Hara, D Woods, A Mellor
INTRODUCTION: The British Service Dhaulagiri Research Expedition (BSDMRE) took place from 27 March to 31 May 2016. The expedition involved 129 personnel, with voluntary participation in nine different study protocols. Studies were conducted in three research camps established at 3600, 4600 and 5140 m and involved taking and storing blood samples, cardiac echocardiography and investigations involving a balance plate. Research in this remote environment requires careful planning in order to provide a robust and resilient power plan...
December 25, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279320/uk-role-4-military-infectious-diseases-and-tropical-medicine-cases-in-2005-2013
#19
Daniel S Burns, M R Riley, A Mason, M S Bailey
INTRODUCTION: Infectious diseases are a frequent cause of morbidity among British troops. The aim of this paper is to describe the spectrum of infectious diseases seen when UK service personnel are evacuated for definitive care to the Role 4 Medical Treatment Facility based at Birmingham Heartlands Hospital. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of all military patients presenting with infectious diseases and treated at Birmingham Heartlands Hospital between 14 April 2005 and 31 December 2013 was undertaken...
December 25, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279264/incidence-of-mycobacterial-disorders-in-indian-adult-male-service-population-followed-for-over-two-decades
#20
K V S Hari Kumar, S K Patnaik
BACKGROUND: The comprehensive epidemiology of mycobacterial disorders is scarce from our country. The incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) and Leprosy in a cohort of military personnel followed for a long duration was evaluated in this study. METHODS: The data for this descriptive epidemiologic study was derived from the electronic medical records (EMR) data of the service personnel enrolled between 1990 and 2015. They were recruited between the ages of 17 and 18 years in good health and their morbidity data was derived from the medical records...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
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