keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Armed forces

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545424/suicide-attempts-in-u-s-army-combat-arms-special-forces-and-combat-medics
#1
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly Herberman Mash, Carol S Fullerton, Tsz Hin Hinz Ng, Pablo A Aliaga, Gary H Wynn, Hieu M Dinh, James E McCarroll, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Michael Schoenbaum, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
BACKGROUND: The U.S. Army suicide attempt rate increased sharply during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Risk may vary according to occupation, which significantly influences the stressors that soldiers experience. METHODS: Using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), we identified person-month records for all active duty Regular Army enlisted soldiers who had a medically documented suicide attempt from 2004 through 2009 (n = 9650) and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 153,528)...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538322/manifestations-of-proprioception-during-vertical-jumps-to-specific-heights
#2
Artur Struzik, Bogdan Pietraszewski, Adam Kawczyński, Sławomir Winiarski, Grzegorz Juras, Andrzej Rokita
Artur, S, Bogdan, P, Kawczyński, A, Winiarski, S, Grzegorz, J, and Andrzej, R. Manifestations of proprioception during vertical jumps to specific heights. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1694-1701, 2017-Jumping and proprioception are important abilities in many sports. The efficiency of the proprioceptive system is indirectly related to jumps performed at specified heights. Therefore, this study recorded the ability of young athletes who play team sports to jump to a specific height compared with their maximum ability...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536865/the-c-2-derivatives-of-salvinorin-a-ethoxymethyl-ether-sal-b-and-%C3%AE-tetrahydropyran-sal-b-have-anti-cocaine-properties-with-minimal-side-effects
#3
Amy W M Ewald, Peter J Bosch, Aimee Culverhouse, Rachel Saylor Crowley, Benjamin Neuenswander, Thomas E Prisinzano, Bronwyn M Kivell
RATIONALE: Kappa-opioid receptor (KOPr) agonists have pre-clinical anti-cocaine and analgesic effects. However, side effects including sedation, dysphoria, aversion, anxiety and depression limit their therapeutic development. The unique structure of salvinorin A has been used to develop longer acting KOPr agonists. OBJECTIVES: We evaluate two novel C-2 analogues of salvinorin A, ethoxymethyl ether Sal B (EOM Sal B) and β-tetrahydropyran Sal B (β-THP Sal B) alongside U50,488 for their ability to modulate cocaine-induced behaviours and side effects, pre-clinically...
May 23, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536739/histological-diagnoses-of-military-personnel-undergoing-lung-biopsy-after-deployment-to-southwest-asia
#4
Cristian S Madar, Michael R Lewin-Smith, Teri J Franks, Russell A Harley, John S Klaric, Michael J Morris
INTRODUCTION: The current understanding of associations between lung disease and military deployment to Southwest Asia, including Iraq and Afghanistan, is both controversial and limited. We sought to clarify the relation between military deployment and biopsy-proven lung disease. METHODS: Retrospective data were analyzed for military personnel with non-neoplastic lung biopsies evaluated at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology or Joint Pathology Center (January 2005 to December 2012)...
May 23, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533877/-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-and-its-associated-factors-in-senegalese-military-personnel-sent-on-mission-to-darfur
#5
Moustapha Diop, Assane Diouf, Said Malaobé Seck, Gora Lo, Daye Ka, Aminata Massaly, Alassane Dieye, Ndeye Maguette Fall, Viviane Marie Pierre Cisse-Diallo, Khardiata Diallo-Mbaye, Ndèye Aissatou Lakhe, Louise Fortes-Déguénonvo, Cheikh Tidiane Ndour, Maserigne Soumaré, Moussa Seydi
INTRODUCTION: In Senegal, 85% of the adult population have been exposed to the hepatitis B virus and about 11% of them are chronic surface antigen (HBsAg) carriers. This infection is poorly documented among Senegalese Armed Forces. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of HBsAg in Senegalese military personnel on mission to Darfur (Sudan) and to identify its associated factors. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among Senegalese military personnel stationed in Darfur from 1 July 2014 to 31 July 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527223/muscle-co-contraction-patterns-in-robot-mediated-force-field-learning-to-guide-specific-muscle-group-training
#6
Sara Pizzamiglio, Adela Desowska, Pegah Shojaii, Myriam Taga, Duncan L Turner
BACKGROUND: Muscle co-contraction is a strategy of increasing movement accuracy and stability employed in dealing with perturbation of movement. It is often seen in neuropathological populations. The direction of movement influences the pattern of co-contraction, but not all movements are easily achievable for populations with motor deficits. Manipulating the direction of the force instead, may be a promising rehabilitation protocol to train movement with use of a co-contraction reduction strategy...
May 19, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523059/efficacy-and-safety-of-optic-nerve-sheath-fenestration-in-patients-with-raised-intracranial-pressure
#7
Muhammad Amer Yaqub, Mohammad Asim Mehboob, Qamar Ul Islam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Optic Nerve Sheath Fenestration (ONSF) in patients with raised intracranial pressure (ICP). METHODS: This Quasi Experimental Study was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi from July 2013 to July 2015. Thirty one eyes of 18 patients who underwent ONSF for raised ICP were followed up for one year to ascertain efficacy and safety of ONSF procedure. RESULTS: Thirteen (72...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523043/determining-the-efficacy-of-corneal-crosslinking-in-progressive-keratoconus
#8
Sidra Malik, Sadia Humayun, Shahzad Nayyar, Mazhar Ishaq
OBJECTIVE: To determine the Efficacy of Corneal Crosslinkage (CXL), using Corneal Topography, in eyes with progressive Keratoconus. METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted at Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan from October 2013 to April 2014. A total of 60 eyes of 30 patients were included who presented with bilateral progressive Keratoconus. Each eye of the patient was randomized either to a treatment group (Group-A) or control untreated group (Group-B) of 30 eyes each...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521725/hiv-and-syphilis-prevalence-and-associated-risks-in-the-cameroonian-armed-forces
#9
Michael Grillo, Bonnie Robin Tran, Ubald Tamoufe, Cyrille F Djoko, Karen Saylors, Kelly Woodland, Ltc Wangmene, Caroline Macera
BACKGROUND: Continued surveillance of the HIV epidemic is critical to monitor changes in trends and risk behaviors. A 2005 study in the Cameroonian Armed Forces (CAF) found an HIV prevalence of 11.3% among male and female service members. The purpose of the current study is to determine the 5-year change in the HIV prevalence, estimate the prevalence of syphilis, and examine factors associated with infection in the CAF. METHODS: Participants were male and female service members 18 years of age or older who were stationed at one of the 10 military garrisons selected for participation...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521722/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-syphilis-infections-among-military-personnel-in-sierra-leone
#10
Djeneba Audrey Djibo, Foday Sahr, J Allen McCutchan, Sonia Jain, Maria Rosario G Araneta, Stephanie K Brodine, Richard A Shaffer
CONTEXT: HIV and syphilis infections are common in military personnel in sub-Saharan Africa, which impact combat preparedness and increase demands on the military health care system. The prevalence of HIV is estimated at 1.5% among the general population (15-49 years of age) of Sierra Leone, and the estimated syphilis prevalence ranged from 1.5% to 5.2% based on regional studies. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for these two common sexually transmitted infections in the Sierra Leone military personnel...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521053/compaction-and-condensation-of-dna-mediated-by-the-c-terminal-domain-of-hfq
#11
Antoine Malabirade, Kai Jiang, Krzysztof Kubiak, Alvaro Diaz-Mendoza, Fan Liu, Jeroen A van Kan, Jean-François Berret, Véronique Arluison, Johan R C van der Maarel
Hfq is a bacterial protein that is involved in several aspects of nucleic acids metabolism. It has been described as one of the nucleoid associated proteins shaping the bacterial chromosome, although it is better known to influence translation and turnover of cellular RNAs. Here, we explore the role of Escherichia coli Hfq's C-terminal domain in the compaction of double stranded DNA. Various experimental methodologies, including fluorescence microscopy imaging of single DNA molecules confined inside nanofluidic channels, atomic force microscopy, isothermal titration microcalorimetry and electrophoretic mobility assays have been used to follow the assembly of the C-terminal and N-terminal regions of Hfq on DNA...
May 17, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518129/cardiac-muscle-cell-based-actuator-and-self-stabilizing-biorobot-part-2
#12
Neerajha Nagarajan, Merrel T Holley, Christian Danielson, Kidong Park, Pinar Zorlutuna
In recent years, hybrid devices that consist of a living cell or tissue component integrated with a synthetic mechanical backbone have been developed. These devices, called biorobots, are powered solely by the force generated from the contractile activity of the living component and, due to their many inherent advantages, could be an alternative to conventional fully artificial robots. Here, we describe the methods to seed and characterize a biological actuator and a biorobot that was designed, fabricated, and functionalized in the first part of this two-part article...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514186/apc-c-cdc20-mediates-deprotection-of-centromeric-cohesin-at-meiosis-ii-in-yeast
#13
Katarzyna Jonak, Ievgeniia Zagoriy, Tugce Oz, Peter Graf, Julie Rojas, Valentina Mengoli, Wolfgang Zachariae
Cells undergoing meiosis produce haploid gametes through one round of DNA replication followed by two rounds of chromosome segregation. This requires that cohesin complexes, which establish sister chromatid cohesion during S phase, are removed in a stepwise manner. At meiosis I, the separase protease triggers the segregation of homologous chromosomes by cleaving cohesin's Rec8 subunit on chromosome arms. Cohesin persists at centromeres because the PP2A phosphatase, recruited by the shugoshin protein, dephosphorylates Rec8 and thereby protects it from cleavage...
May 17, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511661/a-preliminary-investigation-on-the-utility-of-temporal-features-of-force-myography-in-the-two-class-problem-of-grasp-vs-no-grasp-in-the-presence-of-upper-extremity-movements
#14
Gautam P Sadarangani, Carlo Menon
BACKGROUND: In upper-extremity stroke rehabilitation applications, the potential use of Force Myography (FMG) for detecting grasping is especially relevant, as the presence of grasping may be indicative of functional activity, which is a key goal of rehabilitation. To date, most FMG research has focused on the classification of the raw FMG signal (i.e. instantaneous FMG samples) in order to determine the state of the hand. However, given the temporal nature of force generation during grasping, the use of temporal feature extraction techniques may yield increased accuracy...
May 16, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510418/conjugation-reaction-with-8-arm-peg-markedly-improves-the-immunogenicity-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-cfp10-tb10-4-fusion-protein
#15
Xiaowei Sun, Weili Yu, Quanhai Pang, Tao Hu
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) is a serious fatal pathogen responsible for tuberculosis (TB). Effective vaccination is highly desired for immunoprotection against Mtb infection. CFP10 and TB10.4 are two important immunodominant Mtb-secreted protein antigens, which suffer from poor immunogenicity. Thus, an antigen delivery system and adjuvants are needed to improve the immunogenicity of the two proteins. CFP10 and TB10.4 are two Mtb-secreted immunodominant protein antigens. A CFP10-TB10.4 fusion protein (CT) was used as the antigen...
May 16, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507375/twin-abdominal-pregnancy-a-rare-scenario
#16
Faiqa Chughtai
Twin abdominal pregnancy is rarely encountered by gynaecologists throughout their professional career. It poses a challenge in terms of diagnosis and management. This case report is about a patient who was diagnosed and successfully managed for this complication at a peripheral hospital of Pakistan Armed Forces.
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507362/visual-outcome-of-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-patients-residing-at-high-altitude
#17
Ahsan Mukhtar, Muhammad Saim Khan, Asad Habib, Mazhar Ishaq, Omer Farooq
OBJECTIVE: To study visual outcome in patients of high altitude retinopathy presenting with retinal venous occlusion. METHODS: The randomised clinical trial study was conducted at the Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from January 2013 to December 2015, and comprised eyes of lowlanders. Patients staying at high altitude (>8,000 feet above sea level) as part of their service duty and presented with retinal venous occlusive disease were included...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506146/the-impact-of-shoulder-abduction-loading-on-volitional-hand-opening-and-grasping-in-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke
#18
Yiyun Lan, Jun Yao, Julius P A Dewald
BACKGROUND: Up to 60% of individuals with moderate to severe chronic hemiparetic stroke experience excessive involuntary wrist/finger flexion that constrains functional hand movements including hand opening. It's not known how stroke-induced brain injury impacts volitional hand opening and grasping forces as a result of the expression of abnormal coupling between shoulder abduction and wrist/finger flexion or the flexion synergy. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to understand how shoulder abduction loading affects volitional hand opening and grasping forces in individuals with moderate to severe chronic hemiparetic stroke...
June 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501953/evaluating-the-contributions-of-muscle-activity-and-joint-kinematics-to-weight-perception-across-multiple-joints
#19
Morgan L Waddell, Eric L Amazeen
Perceived heaviness is clearly a function of muscle activity: objects feel heavy, in part because they are lifted with more force than lighter feeling objects. Recent research showed that participants scale their perceptions to the ratio of muscle activity to lift acceleration during elbow lifts (Waddell et al. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 42:363-374, 2016). The current study sought psychophysiological functions relating perceived heaviness to EMG and peak lift acceleration across multiple lifts employing different muscles as prime movers...
May 13, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497068/effects-of-force-load-muscle-fatigue-and-magnetic-stimulation-on-surface-electromyography-during-side-arm-lateral-raise-task-a-preliminary-study-with-healthy-subjects
#20
Liu Cao, Ying Wang, Dongmei Hao, Yao Rong, Lin Yang, Song Zhang, Dingchang Zheng
The aim of this study was to quantitatively investigate the effects of force load, muscle fatigue, and extremely low-frequency (ELF) magnetic stimulation on surface electromyography (SEMG) signal features during side arm lateral raise task. SEMG signals were recorded from 18 healthy subjects on the anterior deltoid using a BIOSEMI ActiveTwo system during side lateral raise task (with the right arm 90 degrees away from the body) with three different loads on the forearm (0 kg, 1 kg, and 3 kg; their order was randomized between subjects)...
2017: BioMed Research International
keyword
keyword
88517
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"