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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665873/impact-of-paternal-deployment-to-the-conflicts-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-and-paternal-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-on-the-children-of-military-fathers
#1
Nicola T Fear, Ruth V Reed, Sarah Rowe, Howard Burdett, David Pernet, Alyson Mahar, Amy C Iversen, Paul Ramchandani, Alan Stein, Simon Wessely
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the social and emotional well-being of children whose fathers have been deployed to the conflicts in Iraq/Afghanistan or who have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).AimsTo examine the emotional and behavioural well-being of children whose fathers are or have been in the UK armed forces, in particular the effects of paternal deployment to the conflicts in Iraq or Afghanistan and paternal PTSD. METHOD: Fathers who had taken part in a large tri-service cohort and had children aged 3-16 years were asked about the emotional and behavioural well-being of their child(ren) and assessed for symptoms of PTSD via online questionnaires and telephone interview...
April 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663024/neural-motor-control-differs-between-bimanual-common-goal-vs-bimanual-dual-goal-tasks
#2
Wan-Wen Liao, Jill Whitall, Joseph E Barton, Sandy McCombe Waller
Coordinating bimanual movements is essential for everyday activities. Two common types of bimanual tasks are common goal, where two arms share a united goal, and dual goal, which involves independent goals for each arm. Here, we examine how the neural control mechanisms differ between these two types of bimanual tasks. Ten non-disabled individuals performed isometric force tasks of the elbow at 10% of their maximal voluntary force in both bimanual common and dual goals as well as unimanual conditions. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation, we concurrently examined the intracortical inhibitory modulation (short-interval intracortical inhibition, SICI) as well as the interlimb coordination strategies utilized between common- vs...
April 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661617/caring-for-military-children-implications-for-nurse-practitioners
#3
Jaime Panton
Nearly two million American children belong to a military family. Armed Forces families are located in almost every state and around the globe. Military children are a unique and at times vulnerable population. Military children and adolescents may face significant stressors throughout their lives compared to their civilian counterparts. Military families encounter frequent moves and over half of these children have encountered at least one parental deployment since September 11th, 2001. Civilian health care providers often care for military children and adolescents...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658185/evaluating-changes-in-handgrip-strength-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-pilot-study
#4
Hannah T Gibson, Catherine M McDonald, Jennifer Willahan Derrick, Dennis L Eggett, Sarah Gunnell Bellini
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) is used to determine nutrition status in children with cystic fibrosis (CF); however, lean body mass (LBM) is more strongly associated with pulmonary function. Handgrip strength (HGS) measures muscle function and is reflective of LBM. The aims of this study were to assess relationships among HGS, nutrition status, and pulmonary function; changes in HGS posthospitalization; and any relationship between HGS and nutrient intake. METHODS: Twenty-three children with CF aged 6-18 years participated...
April 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658016/self-assembly-study-of-nanometric-spheres-from-polyoxometalate-phenylalanine-hybrids-an-experimental-and-theoretical-approach
#5
Emmanouil Nikoloudakis, Kostas Karikis, Maxime Laurans, Chrysoula Kokotidou, Albert Solé-Daura, Jorge J Carbó, Asterios Charisiadis, Georgios Charalambidis, Guillaume Izzet, Anna Mitraki, Antonios M Douvas, Josep M Poblet, Anna Proust, Athanassios G Coutsolelos
Herein, we report on the study of supramolecular assemblies based on polyoxometalates (POMs) upon their modification with amino acids. Two POM-amino acid hybrids were synthesized by coupling a functionalized Keggin type polyoxoanion [PW11O39{Sn(C6H4)C[triple bond, length as m-dash]C(C6H4)COOH}]4- with carboxyl-protected (methyl-ester) phenylalanine or diphenylalanine peptides. Surprisingly, all compounds, including the initial POM, formed supramolecular nanospheres in different solvent mixtures, which were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)...
April 16, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655486/comprehensive-simulation-on-morphological-and-mechanical-properties-of-trigger-finger-a-cadaveric-model
#6
Yu-Shiuan Cheng, Hsiao-Feng Chieh, Chien-Ju Lin, Li-Chieh Kuo, Kai-Nan An, Fong-Chin Su
Trigger finger has long been a common disorder in hand orthopedics. To clarify the unknown causative factors regarding the disease, numerous experiments were done on human cadavers, including tendon forces, tendon moment arm, mechanical properties of the pulley, gliding resistance, etc. However, most of these studies were conducted on normal fingers. As the etiology of trigger finger is still controversial on whether it is an outcome of tendon nodule or pulley scarring, in this study, a trigger finger model was built combining both the nodule created by silicone gel injection and pulley constriction by external compression...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651893/differences-among-overhand-three-quarter-and-sidearm-pitching-biomechanics-in-professional-baseball-players
#7
Rafael F Escamilla, Jonathan S Slowik, Alek Z Diffendaffer, Glenn S Fleisig
The purpose of this study was to assess biomechanical differences among overhand, three-quarter, and sidearm arm-slot professional baseball pitchers. It was hypothesized that kinematic-and-kinetic differences would be found among the three groups, with sidearm pitchers demonstrating greater movement along the transverse plane, and overhead pitchers demonstrating greater movement along the sagittal plane. Based upon arm-slot-angle at ball-release, 30-overhand, 156-three-quarter, and 21-sidearm pitchers were tested using a 240-Hz-motion-analysis-system, and 37 kinematic-and-kinetic parameters were calculated...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650412/theoretical-considerations-for-muscle-energy-savings-during-distance-running
#8
Jared R Fletcher, Brian R MacIntosh
We have recently demonstrated that the triceps surae muscles energy cost (ECTS ) represents a substantial portion of the total metabolic cost of running (Erun ). Therefore, it seems relevant to evaluate the factors which dictate ECTS , namely the amount and velocity of shortening, since it is likely these factors will dictate Erun . Erun and triceps surae morphological and AT mechanical properties were obtained in 46 trained and elite male and female distance runners using ultrasonography and dynamometry. ECTS (J·stride-1 ) at the speed of lactate threshold (sLT) was estimated from AT force and crossbridge mechanics and energetics...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644603/assessment-of-intake-of-copper-and-lead-by-sheep-grazing-on-a-shooting-range-for-small-arms-a-case-study
#9
Ida Vaa Johnsen, Espen Mariussen, Øyvind Voie
The Norwegian Armed Forces' shooting ranges contain contamination by metals such as lead (Pb) and copper (Cu) and are often used as grazing pastures for livestock. To determine whether the sheep were at risk from grazing at a shooting range in Nord-Trøndelag (the Leksdalen shooting field), a study was conducted wherein the aim was to determine the amount of soil the sheep were eating, the accumulation of Cu and Pb in the livers of lambs grazing on the shooting ranges, and the accumulation of Pb and Cu in the grass...
April 11, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643895/expression-analysis-of-glyoxalase-i-gene-among-patients-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#10
Aneela Rasul, Amir Rashid, Palvasha Waheed, Saleem Ahmed Khan
Objectives: To study expression of glyoxalase I in patients of diabetic retinopathy. Methods: This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at Centre for Research in Experimental and Applied Medicine (CREAM), Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Army Medical College, Rawalpindi in collaboration with Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology (AFIO) from January 2015 to November 2015. Sampling technique was non- probability purposive sampling. Total 60 subjects were enrolled in two groups...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643873/gastric-emptying-scintigraphy-in-postprandial-distress-syndrome
#11
Muhammad Hafeez, Fida Hussain, Amjad Salamat, Muhammad Bilal Khan
Objective: To find out the pattern of gastric emptying scintigraphy (GES) in patients with post prandial distress syndrome (PDS). Methods: This study was carried out from January 2015 to July 2016 at Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Kharian and Nuclear Medical Centre (NMC) of Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) Rawalpindi. Patient's inclusion criteria were dyspepsia of post prandial distress type for more than six months duration. Patients with dyspepsia due to epigastric pain syndrome and other organic disorder were excluded...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643431/an-estradiol-independent-bdnf-npy-cascade-is-involved-in-the-antidepressant-effect-of-mechanical-acupuncture-instruments-in-ovariectomized-rats
#12
Su Yeon Seo, Ji-Young Moon, Suk-Yun Kang, O Sang Kwon, Sunoh Kwon, Se Kyun Bang, Soo Phil Kim, Kwang-Ho Choi, Yeonhee Ryu
Menopause-related depression devastates women's quality of life after middle age. Previous research has shown that estrogen hormone therapy has serious adverse effects; thus, complementary and integrative therapies have been considered clinically. The present study investigates whether stimulation of an acupoint using a mechanical acupuncture instrument (MAI) can mitigate depression-like behavior caused by estrogen deficiency in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. The animals were divided into Sham OVX, OVX, OVX + Sameumgyo (SP6) and OVX + NonAcu (non-acupuncture point) groups...
April 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630016/opioid-detoxification-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#13
Mishka Terplan, Hollis J Laird, Dennis J Hand, Tricia E Wright, Ashish Premkumar, Caitlin E Martin, Marjorie C Meyer, Hendrée E Jones, Elizabeth E Krans
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with opioid detoxification during pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched from January 1, 1966, to September 1, 2016. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: English-language studies that reported outcomes associated with opioid detoxification among pregnant women with opioid use disorder were included. Nonoriginal research articles (case reports, editorials, reviews) and studies that failed to report outcomes for detoxification participants were excluded...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628203/a-comparative-analysis-of-psychological-trauma-experienced-by-children-and-young-adults-in-two-scenarios-evacuation-after-a-natural-disaster-vs-forced-migration-to-escape-armed-conflict
#14
P Myles, S Swenshon, K Haase, T Szeles, C Jung, F Jacobi, B Rath
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the psychological trauma experienced by children and young adults (CYAs) following displacement after natural disasters vs migration from conflict zones. In both instances, the decision to leave is usually cast by the family, and the life of CYAs is suddenly disrupted by external circumstances. STUDY DESIGN: An anonymous survey. METHODS: The same survey instrument, provided by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), was used to survey self-reported health needs among CYAs during the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina (Health Survey for Children and Adolescents After Katrina) in October 2005-February 2006 and again during the peak of refugee arrivals in Berlin between October 2015 and March 2016...
April 5, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621157/motor-subtypes-of-parkinson-s-disease-can-be-identified-by-frequency-component-of-postural-stability
#15
Saba Rezvanian, Thurmon Lockhart, Christopher Frames, Rahul Soangra, Abraham Lieberman
Parkinson's disease (PD) can be divided into two subtypes based on clinical features-namely tremor dominant (TD) and postural instability and gait difficulty (PIGD). This categorization is important at the early stage of PD, since identifying the subtypes can help to predict the clinical progression of the disease. Accordingly, correctly diagnosing subtypes is critical in initiating appropriate early interventions and tracking the progression of the disease. However, as the disease progresses, it becomes increasingly difficult to further distinguish those attributes that are relevant to the subtypes...
April 5, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616982/a-fast-intracortical-brain-machine-interface-with-patterned-optogenetic-feedback
#16
Aamir Abbasi, Dorian Goueytes, Daniel E Shulz, Valerie Ego-Stengel, Luc Estebanez
OBJECTIVE: The development of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) brings a new perspective to patients with a loss of autonomy. By combining online recordings of brain activity with a decoding algorithm, patients can learn to control a robotic arm in order to perform simple actions. However, in contrast to the vast amounts of somatosensory information channeled by limbs to the brain, current BMIs are devoid of touch and force sensors. Patients must therefore rely solely on vision and audition, which are maladapted to the control of a prosthesis...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616654/evaluation-of-the-use-of-home-emergency-in-a-sub-sahara-african-hospital-example-of-the-hospital-principal-in-dakar
#17
K A Wade, S I Ndong, M B Kounta, D T Ngom, S OuldEthmane, A Gassama, F Y Bah, B Diatta
Overloaded emergency departments are common around the world. This prospective, descriptive, and analytical study evaluates the reasons for emergency room use and describes the severity of the patients' conditions and how they reach the emergency department. It took place at the emergency department of the principal hospital of Dakar (the Armed Forces Teaching Hospital) over a one-week period (from August 23 to August 30, 2016) and included a sample of 219 patients of both sexes aged 15 years and older. Data were collected about social and demographic characteristics, reasons for choosing the emergency department rather than other care, time of day, day of the week, accessibility, means of transport, diagnosis, and severity...
February 1, 2018: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616417/anti-inflammatory-monocytes-interplay-of-innate-and-adaptive-immunity
#18
REVIEW
Georg Varga, Dirk Foell
Monocytes are central to our health as they contribute to both hemispheres of our immune system, the innate and the adaptive arm. Sensing signals from the outside world, monocytes govern the innate immunity by initiating inflammation, e.g., through production of IL-1β. Uncontrolled and sustained inflammation, however, leads to auto-inflammatory syndromes and sometimes to autoimmune diseases. Monocytes can be a driving force for the establishment of such diseases when their ability to also contribute to the resolution of inflammation is impaired...
April 3, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613874/medical-care-costs-were-similar-across-the-low-dose-computed-tomography-and-chest-x-ray-arms-of-the-national-lung-screening-trial-despite-different-rates-of-significant-incidental-findings
#19
Ilana F Gareen, William C Black, Tor D Tosteson, Qianfei Wang, JoRean D Sicks, Anna N A Tosteson
BACKGROUND: The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) reported lung cancer and all-cause mortality reductions for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) versus chest x-ray (CXR) screening. Although LDCT lung screening has received a grade B from the United States Preventive Services Task Force and is a covered service under most health plans, concerns remain on the costs engendered by screening, and the impact of the high rate of significant incidental finding (SIF) detection on those costs...
May 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606330/characterization-of-disability-following-traumatic-through-knee-and-transfemoral-amputations
#20
David J Tennent, Elizabeth M Polfer, Nicole M Sgromolo, Chad A Krueger, Benjamin K Potter
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to characterize through knee and transfemoral amputations following severe traumatic injuries. METHODS: A retrospective review of all transfemoral and through knee amputations sustained by United States military service members from 1 October 2001 to 30 July 2011 was conducted. Data from the Department of Defense Trauma Registry, the Armed Forces Health Longitudinal Technology Application, inpatient medical records and the Physical Evaluation Board Liaison Offices were queried in order to obtain characteristics related to injury sustained, demographics, treatment, and disability/mental health outcome data...
March 27, 2018: Injury
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