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fifth metatarsal stress fracture

Renato R Azevedo, Emmanuel S da Rocha, Pedro S Franco, Felipe P Carpes
BACKGROUND: Asymmetries in the magnitude of plantar pressure are considered a risk factor for stress fracture of the fifth metatarsal in soccer athletes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of plantar pressure asymmetries among young soccer athletes. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty young adolescents divided into a soccer player group (n = 15) or a matched control group (n = 15)...
October 24, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Kyle E Wamelink, John T Marcoux, Scott M Walrath
Before the report of English surgeon Robert Jones, who sustained a fracture to his fifth metatarsal while dancing around a tent pole, metatarsal fractures were thought to be the result of direct trauma to the foot. The mechanism of metatarsal fractures, in particular, those involving the fifth metatarsal, is now well understood. Patients with an adducted alignment of their forefoot can overload the fifth metatarsal base, putting them at an increased risk of fractures of this bone. Studies have reported that 2 distinct types of proximal diaphyseal or junctional fractures of the fifth metatarsal occur: the acute proximal diaphyseal or transverse proximal diaphyseal fracture and the proximal diaphyseal stress fracture...
July 2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Kelly C McInnis, Lindsay N Ramey
Stress fractures are common overuse injuries in athletes. They occur during periods of increased training without adequate rest, disrupting normal bone reparative mechanisms. There are a host of intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including biochemical and biomechanical, that put athletes at risk. In most stress fractures, the diagnosis is primarily clinical, with imaging indicated at times, and management focused on symptom-free relative rest with advancement of activity as tolerated. Overall, stress fractures in athletes have an excellent prognosis for return to sport, with little risk of complication...
March 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Yu Shimasaki, Masashi Nagao, Takayuki Miyamori, Yukihiro Aoba, Norifumi Fukushi, Yoshitomo Saita, Hiroshi Ikeda, Sung-Gon Kim, Masahiko Nozawa, Kazuo Kaneko, Masafumi Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: The fifth metatarsal bone is a common site of stress fractures in soccer athletes. Although several endocrine risk factors for stress fractures have been proposed, the endocrine risks for fifth metatarsal (5-MT) stress fractures have not been evaluated. METHODS: To evaluate the endocrine risks of fifth metatarsal stress fractures, we conducted a cumulative case-control study. The present study included 37 athletes, of which 18 had a history of a zone 2 or zone 3 fifth metatarsal stress fracture and 19 controls...
March 2016: Foot & Ankle International
M Japjec, M Starešinić, M Starjački, I Žgaljardić, J Štivičić, B Šebečić
Proximal fifth metatarsal (V MT) bone fractures are common injuries that are a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Lawrence and Botte considered different treatment options and the possibility of recovery and divided these fractures into three different regions: tuberosity avulsion fractures (zone I), acute fractures of the metaphysis at the level of the intermetatarsal junction (zone II) and proximal diaphysis stress fracture (zone III). A total of 42 athletes with fracture of the V MT bone in zone II and III were treated in our institution during a 6-year period...
November 2015: Injury
Kohei Fujitaka, Akira Taniguchi, Shinji Isomoto, Tsukasa Kumai, Shingo Otuki, Mamoru Okubo, Yasuhito Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of fifth metatarsal stress fractures remains uncertain. HYPOTHESIS: Physical characteristics and environmental factors, which have received limited attention in the literature thus far, might be involved in the development of fifth metatarsal stress fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: To test the study hypothesis, a medical examination and survey of the living environment of collegiate soccer players was conducted and correlated with the existence of fifth metatarsal stress fractures...
September 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Juliet Clutton, Anthony Perera
INTRODUCTION: The fifth metatarsal is a common site for both acute and stress fractures in the foot. They are usually isolated low-energy or stress fractures. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with fragility fractures in many parts of the body. We believe that low Vitamin D could be a significant aetiological factor in fractures of the fifth metatarsal. METHODOLOGY: A prospective study of patients with fractures of the fifth metatarsal was conducted. Patients presenting to fracture clinic with these fractures had their vitamin D and calcium levels measured...
June 2016: Foot
Hanneke Weel, Wouter H Mallee, C Niek van Dijk, Leendert Blankevoort, Simon Goedegebuure, J Carel Goslings, John G Kennedy, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: Fifth metatarsal (MT-V) stress fractures often exhibit delayed union and are high-risk fractures for non-union. Surgical treatment, currently considered as the gold standard, does not give optimal results, with a mean time to fracture union of 12-18 weeks. In recent studies, the use of bone marrow cells has been introduced to accelerate healing of fractures with union problems. The aim of this randomized trial is to determine if operative treatment of MT-V stress fractures with use of concentrated blood and bone marrow aspirate (cB + cBMA) is more effective than surgery alone...
August 20, 2015: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
K B Ferguson, J McGlynn, P Jenkins, N J Madeley, C S Kumar, L Rymaszewski
BACKGROUND: Fifth metatarsal fractures are common, and the outcome with conservative treatment is generally very satisfactory. Operative treatment is only used for selected injuries, particularly stress fractures. Traditionally these patients are routinely reviewed at a fracture clinic, mainly due to the perceived risk of non-union with a Jones' fracture. In 2011 we introduced a standardised protocol to promote weight bearing as pain allowed with an elasticated support or a removable boot...
August 2015: Injury
H Zwipp, W Schneiders, S Rammelt
BACKGROUND: Malunited fractures of the metatarsals seldom need correction because the adjacent joints proximally and distally are not axially loaded but they may cause significant pain when a subcapital fracture is malunited too far in a plantar direction. METHOD: Even if a metatarsal head is malunited too dorsally the neighboring head signals transfer metatarsalgia. Therefore, reorientation osteotomy with the intraoperative help of a minidistractor and stable fixation with a small locking plate is needed...
September 2014: Der Unfallchirurg
Wouter H Mallee, Hanneke Weel, C Niek van Dijk, Maurits W van Tulder, Gino M Kerkhoffs, Chung-Wei Christine Lin
AIM: To compare surgical and conservative treatment for high-risk stress fractures of the anterior tibial cortex, navicular and proximal fifth metatarsal. METHODS: Systematic searches of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus and PEDro were performed to identify relevant prospective and retrospective studies. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed methodological quality. Main outcomes were return to sport and complication rate. RESULTS: 18 studies were included (2 anterior tibia (N=31), 8 navicular (N=200) and 8 fifth metatarsal (N=246))...
March 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Diego H Zanolli, Richard R Glisson, Gangadhar M Utturkar, Tobin T Eckel, James K DeOrio
BACKGROUND: Triple arthrodesis involves subtalar, talonavicular, and calcaneocuboid joint fusion and is performed to relieve pain and correct deformity. Complications include malunion resulting in equinovarus and lateral column overload, which can lead to painful callosities and stress fractures. This study quantified the effectiveness of a closing-wedge calcaneal "Z" osteotomy for correction of the varus condition and reduction of abnormal loading of the lateral border of the foot. METHODS: Ten fresh-frozen feet were used...
December 2014: Foot & Ankle International
Robin M Queen, Alicia N Abbey, Ravi Verma, Robert J Butler, James A Nunley
CONTEXT: Stress fractures are one of the most common injuries in sports, accounting for approximately 10% of all overuse injuries. Treatment of fifth metatarsal stress fractures involves both surgical and nonsurgical interventions. Fifth metatarsal stress fractures are difficult to treat because of the risks of delayed union, nonunion, and recurrent injuries. Most of these injuries occur during agility tasks, such as those performed in soccer, basketball, and lacrosse. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a rigid carbon graphite footplate on plantar loading during 2 agility tasks...
May 2014: Journal of Athletic Training
Yan Wang, Zengyong Li, Ming Zhang
Complications of surgeries in foot and ankle bring patients with severe sufferings. Sufficient understanding of the internal biomechanical information such as stress distribution, contact pressure, and deformation is critical to estimate the effectiveness of surgical treatments and avoid complications. Foot and ankle is an intricate and synergetic system, and localized intervention may alter the functions to the adjacent components. The aim of this study was to estimate biomechanical effects of the TMT joint fusion using comprehensive finite element (FE) analysis...
November 2014: Medical Engineering & Physics
Robin M Queen, Ravi Verma, Alicia N Abbey, James A Nunley, Robert J Butler
Fifth metatarsal stress fractures are common in sports and often result in delayed and non-union. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a rigid carbon graphite footplate (CGF) on plantar loading during take-off and landing from a jump. Nineteen recreational male athletes with no history of lower extremity injury in the past 6 months and no foot or ankle surgery in the past 3 years participated in this study. Subjects completed 7 jumping tasks while wearing a standard running shoe and then the shoe plus the CGF while plantar loading data was recorded...
February 2014: Gait & Posture
Robin M Queen, Alicia N Abbey, Ravi Verma, Robert J Butler, James A Nunley
Context : Stress fractures are one of the most common injuries in sports, accounting for approximately 10% of all overuse injuries. Treatment of fifth metatarsal stress fractures involves both surgical and nonsurgical interventions. Fifth metatarsal stress fractures are difficult to treat because of the risks of delayed union, nonunion, and recurrent injuries. Most of these injuries occur during agility tasks, such as those performed in soccer, basketball, and lacrosse. Objective : To examine the effect of a rigid carbon graphite footplate on plantar loading during 2 agility tasks...
February 12, 2014: Journal of Athletic Training
Patrick J Battaglia, Martha A Kaeser, Norman W Kettner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to describe a fifth metatarsal stress fracture that was not detectable using conventional radiographs and was identified with diagnostic ultrasonography (US), confirmed with computed tomography, and followed through symptom resolution with US. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 68-year-old woman presented to a chiropractic teaching clinic for evaluation of right foot pain. Diagnostic US examination using an 8- to 15-MHz linear array transducer showed increased vascularity, periosteal elevation, and cortical disruption of the proximal diaphysis of the fifth metatarsal suggestive of a stress fracture...
September 2013: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
Hans-Dieter Carl, Johannes Pauser, Bernd Swoboda, Andreas Jendrissek, Matthias Brem
OBJECTIVE: The present study measured the difference in peak plantar pressure between running shoes and soccer shoes in male soccer professionals [mean (SD): age, 23 (4) years; height, 184 (7) cm; weight, 81 (6) kg]. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Institutional study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 17 elite male soccer professionals [mean (SD): age, 23 (4) years; height, 184 (7) cm; weight 81 (6) kg]. INTERVENTIONS: Fifteen right and left steps with sensor-loaded insoles (99 sensors, 50 Hz) while running (3...
January 2014: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Kyung-tai Lee, Young-uk Park, Hyuk Jegal, Ki-chun Kim, Ki-won Young, Jin-su Kim
BACKGROUND: Many surgeons agree that fifth metatarsal stress fractures have a tendency toward delayed union, nonunion, and possibly refracture. Difficulty healing seems to be correlated with fracture classification. However, refracture sometimes occurs after low-grade fracture, even long after apparent resolution. METHODS: The records of 168 consecutive cases of fifth metatarsal stress fracture (163 patients) treated by modified tension band wiring from March 2002 to June 2011 were evaluated retrospectively...
December 2013: Foot & Ankle International
Denise R Ramponi
The most common fracture of the foot is a fracture of the proximal fifth metatarsal. In general, there are 3 types of fractures involving the proximal fifth metatarsal area, including a proximal diaphyseal stress fracture, a Jones fracture, and an avulsion fracture of the tuberosity. Some fractures of the fifth metatarsal heal without difficulty, whereas some have the potential for nonunion or delayed healing. Each fracture has some variation in the anatomical location on the fifth metatarsal, the mechanism of injury, the radiographic findings, and the treatment plan...
October 2013: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
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