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Antonella Caivano, Francesco La Rocca, Vittorio Simeon, Marco Girasole, Simone Dinarelli, Ilaria Laurenzana, Angelo De Stradis, Luciana De Luca, Stefania Trino, Antonio Traficante, Giovanni D'Arena, Giovanna Mansueto, Oreste Villani, Giuseppe Pietrantuono, Luca Laurenti, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pellegrino Musto
PURPOSE: The use of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from body fluids as "liquid biopsies" is emerging as a promising approach for the diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic monitoring of cancer patients. MicroRNA-155 (miR155), a non-coding transcript of the B-cell integration cluster (BIC) gene, has been reported to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of several types of hematologic malignancies (HMs) in which high miR155 levels have been found. At yet, however, the EV miR155 level and its putative clinical relevance in sera of HM patients have not been reported...
October 19, 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
Yan Fu, Andreas L Chryssafidis, John A Browne, Jack O'Sullivan, Paul A McGettigan, Grace Mulcahy
BACKGROUND: Fasciola hepatica is not only responsible for major economic losses in livestock farming, but is also a major food-borne zoonotic agent, with 180 million people being at risk of infection worldwide. This parasite is sophisticated in manipulating the hosts' immune system to benefit its own survival. A better understanding of the mechanisms underpinning this immunomodulation is crucial for the development of control strategies such as vaccines. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This in vivo study investigated the global gene expression changes of ovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) response to both acute & chronic infection of F...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Vahid Khori, Ali Mohammad Alizadeh, Zohre Gheisary, Sadaf Farsinejad, Farrokh Najafi, Solmaz Khalighfard, Fatemeh Ghafari, Maryam Hadji, Hamid Khodayari
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a form of photon therapy which can be a non-invasive therapeutic procedure in cancer therapy using low-intensity light in the range of 450-800 nm. One of the main functional features of laser therapy is the photobiostimulation effects of low-level lasers on various biological systems including altering DNA synthesis and modifying gene expression, and stopping cellular proliferation. This study investigated the effects of LLLT on mice mammary tumor and the expression of Let-7a, miR155, miR21, miR125, and miR376b in the plasma and tumor samples...
August 12, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Aziza Elmesmari, Alasdair R Fraser, Claire Wood, Derek Gilchrist, Diane Vaughan, Lynn Stewart, Charles McSharry, Iain B McInnes, Mariola Kurowska-Stolarska
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that miR-155 regulates monocyte migratory potential via modulation of chemokine and chemokine receptor expression in RA, and thereby is associated with disease activity. METHODS: The miR-155 copy-numbers in monocytes from peripheral blood (PB) of healthy (n = 22), RA (n = 24) and RA SF (n = 11) were assessed by real time-PCR using synthetic miR-155 as a quantitative standard. To evaluate the functional impact of miR-155, human monocytes were transfected with control or miR-155 mimic, and the effect on transcript levels, and production of chemokines was evaluated by Taqman low-density arrays and multiplex assays...
July 13, 2016: Rheumatology
Daniel Paiva Agustinho, Marco Antônio de Oliveira, Aldo Henrique Tavares, Lorena Derengowski, Valentina Stolz, Fernanda Guilhelmelli, Márcia Renata Mortari, Karl Kuchler, Ildinete Silva-Pereira
The commensal fungal pathogen Candida albicans is a leading cause of lethal systemic infections in immunocompromised patients. One of the main mechanisms of host immune evasion and virulence by this pathogen is the switch from yeast form to hyphal growth morphologies. Micro RNAs (miRNAs), a small regulatory non-coding RNA, has been identified as an important part of the immune response to a wide variety of pathogens. In general, miRNAs act by modulating the intensity of inflammatory responses. miRNAs act by base-paring binding to specific sequences of target mRNAs, generally causing their silencing through mRNA degradation or translational repression...
June 13, 2016: Virulence
Hao Xue, Guang Yuan, Xing Guo, Qinglin Liu, Jinsen Zhang, Xiao Gao, Xiaofan Guo, Shugang Xu, Tong Li, Qianqian Shao, Shaofeng Yan, Gang Li
Hypoxia induces protective autophagy in glioblastoma cells and new therapeutic avenues that target this process may improve the outcome for glioblastoma patients. Recent studies have suggested that the autophagic process is upregulated in glioblastomas in response to extensive hypoxia. Hypoxia also induces the upregulation of a specific set of proteins and microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of cell types. IL6 (interleukin 6), an inflammatory autocrine and paracrine cytokine that is overexpressed in glioblastoma, has been reported to be a biomarker for poor prognosis because of its tumor-promoting effects...
July 2, 2016: Autophagy
Yuan-lai Wang, Xi Tan, Xiao-lu Yang, Xiao-yun Li, Ka Bian, Dan-dan Zhang
To study the mechanisms of total flavonoid from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (TFGR) and its ingredient isoliquiritigenin (ISL) on their regulation of M2 phenotype polarization of macrophages. IL-4 (60 μg x L(-1)) induced RAW264.7 cells for 6 h to establish the M2 macrophage model. TFGR and ISL restrained breast cancer cells migration with the aid of M2 macrophages in vitro. TFGR and ISL inhibited gene and protein expression of Arg-1, up-regulated gene of HO-1 and protein expression of iNOS, enhanced the expression of microRNA 155 and its target gene SHIP1, meanwhile down-regulated...
November 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yuqing Huang, Jiyan Chen, Yingling Zhou, Songtao Tang, Jie Li, Xueju Yu, Yujing Mo, Ying Wu, Ying Zhang, Yingqing Feng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship of miR155 with office and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) parameters and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with hypertension and healthy controls. METHODS: We assessed the expression level of the miR155 in 50 patients with essential hypertension and 30 healthy individuals. All patients underwent two-dimensional echocardiography, office BP monitoring and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM)...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
J van Scheppingen, A M Iyer, A S Prabowo, A Mühlebner, J J Anink, T Scholl, M Feucht, F E Jansen, W G Spliet, P Krsek, J Zamecnik, A M Buccoliero, F Giordano, L Genitori, K Kotulska, S Jozwiak, J Jaworski, E Liszewska, E A van Vliet, E Aronica
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disease presenting with multiple neurological symptoms including epilepsy, mental retardation, and autism. Abnormal activation of various inflammatory pathways has been observed in astrocytes in brain lesions associated with TSC. Increasing evidence supports the involvement of microRNAs in the regulation of astrocyte-mediated inflammatory response. To study the role of inflammation-related microRNAs in TSC, we employed real-time PCR and in situ hybridization to characterize the expression of miR21, miR146a, and miR155 in TSC lesions (cortical tubers and subependymal giant cell astrocytomas, SEGAs)...
June 2016: Glia
Hai-Jian Sun, Ming-Xia Zhao, Tong-Yan Liu, Xing-Sheng Ren, Qi Chen, Yue-Hua Li, Yu-Ming Kang, Guo-Qing Zhu
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are indispensible components in foam cell formation. Salusin-β is a stimulator in the progression of atherosclerosis. Here, we showed that salusin-β increased foam cell formation evidenced by accumulation of lipid droplets and intracellular cholesterol content, and promoted monocyte adhesion in human VSMCs. Salusin-β increased the expressions and activity of acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in VSMCs...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jelena Gacic, Emina Vorkapic, Renate Slind Olsen, Daniel Söderberg, Therese Gustafsson, Robert Geffers, Karin Skoglund, Andreas Matussek, Dick Wågsäter
BACKGROUND: Imatinib mesylate (Glivec®, formerly STI-571) is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. However, there are reports suggesting that imatinib could be atheroprotective by lowering plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL). AIM: To investigate the potential inhibitory effect of imatinib on cholesterol uptake in human macrophages as well as its effect on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity...
February 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Rinako Nakagawa, Rebecca Leyland, Michael Meyer-Hermann, Dong Lu, Martin Turner, Giuseppina Arbore, Tri Giang Phan, Robert Brink, Elena Vigorito
The production of high-affinity antibodies by B cells is essential for pathogen clearance. Antibody affinity for antigen is increased through the affinity maturation in germinal centers (GCs). This is an iterative process in which B cells cycle between proliferation coupled with the acquisition of mutations and antigen-based positive selection, resulting in retention of the highest-affinity B cell clones. The posttranscriptional regulator microRNA-155 (miR-155) is critical for efficient affinity maturation and the maintenance of the GCs; however, the cellular and molecular mechanism by which miR-155 regulates GC responses is not well understood...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Qian Liu, Jing Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study is to investigate the expression and significance of miR155 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in placenta of preeclampsia (PE) model rats. METHODS: A total of 20 SD rats were randomly divided into normal pregnant group and PE model group. PE model was established by subcutaneous injection of L nitro arginine methyl ester continuously for 4 days with a dosage of 200 mg/Kg·d from the 13th day of pregnancy. Blood pressure, urinary protein and renal function were detected to evaluate fetal development...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Haoye Zhang, Zhenguo Liu, Shikun Liu
A number of studies have showed that High mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), which played key role in inflammation activation by triggering the toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling axis in hepatic fibrogenesis, may share similar inflammation stimulating mechanism with LPS. Herein, we introduced a recently established anti-LPS protein cysteine-rich secretory protein LCCL domain containing 2 (CRISPLD2) to investigate endogenous protection mechanism of HMGB1 induced inflammatory response. Our results shows that stromal cells and monocytes showed an evaluated pattern for CRISPLD2 expression after HMGB1 treatment, which was dependent on the integrity of TLR4 function...
January 2016: Molecular Immunology
Laura T Morton, Deva Situnayake, Graham R Wallace
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article discusses recent genetic and epigenetic associations involved in the pathogenesis of Behçet's disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Genetic studies have supported the strong association of human leukocyte antigen-B and Behçet's disease, and high production of tumour necrosis factor and low production of interleukin (IL)-10, which have led to therapy based on controlling these effects. Polymorphisms that affect the response to pathogens (TLR and FUT2) are leading to increased interest in responses to microbiomes...
January 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
Xavier Bofill-De Ros, Mónica Santos, Maria Vila-Casadesús, Eneko Villanueva, Nuria Andreu, Mara Dierssen, Cristina Fillat
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) or trisomy 21 is the result of a genetic dosage imbalance that translates in a broad clinical spectrum. A major challenge in the study of DS is the identification of functional genetic elements with wide impact on phenotypic alterations. Recently, miRNAs have been recognized as major contributors to several disease conditions by acting as post-transcriptional regulators of a plethora of genes. Five chromosome 21 (HSA21) miRNAs have been found overexpressed in DS individuals and could function as key elements in the pathophysiology...
2015: BMC Genomics
Dan-Dan Zhang, Hong Zhang, Yuan-zhi Lao, Rong Wu, Jin-wen Xu, Ferid Murad, Ka Bian, Hong-Xi Xu
Garcinia Linn. plants having rich natural xanthones and benzophenones with anti-inflammatory activity attracted a great deal of attention to discover and develop them as potential drug candidates. Through screening targeting nitric oxide accumulation in stimulated macrophage, we found that 1,3,5,7-tetrahydroxy-8-isoprenylxanthone (TIE) had potential anti-inflammatory effect. To understand how TIE elicits its anti-inflammatory activity, we uncovered that it significantly inhibits the production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in LPS/IFNγ-stimulated RAW264...
2015: Mediators of Inflammation
Anil Tombak, Ozlem Izci Ay, Mehmet Emin Erdal, Mehmet Ali Sungur, Mehmet Ali Ucar, Aydan Akdeniz, Eyup Naci Tiftik
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are small non-coding RNA molecules that play critical roles in cell differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis and thus regulate haematopoietic stem cells and committed progenitor cells. We analyzed expressions of miRNAs associated with hematopoietic transformation of myeloid, erythroid and megakaryocytic progenitor cells during haematopoiesis (mir155, mir181a, mir221, mir222, mir223, mir451), in patients with primary myelofibrosis (PMF) (n = 22), polycythemia vera (PV) (n = 33), essential thrombocythemia (ET) (n = 49) and in healthy controls (n = 40) by quantitate/real time polymerase chain reaction...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
Robert B Lochhead, James F Zachary, Luciana Dalla Rosa, Ying Ma, John H Weis, Ryan M O'Connell, Janis J Weis
MicroRNA-155 has been shown to play a role in immune activation and inflammation, and is suppressed by IL-10, an important anti-inflammatory cytokine. The established involvement of IL-10 in the murine model of Borrelia burgdorferi-induced Lyme arthritis and carditis allowed us to assess the interplay between IL-10 and miR-155 in vivo. As reported previously, Mir155 was highly upregulated in joints from infected severely arthritic B6 Il10-/- mice, but not in mildly arthritic B6 mice. In infected hearts, Mir155 was upregulated in both strains, suggesting a role of miR-155 in Lyme carditis...
2015: PloS One
Hoda A Hagrass, Samar Sharaf, Heba F Pasha, Enas A Tantawy, Randa H Mohamed, Rasha Kassem
BACKGROUND: The potential use of microRNAs (miRNAs) as ideal tumor markers has been the focus of recent research. OBJECTIVE: Our hypothesis was that circulating miRNAs are differentially expressed in pretherapeutic sera of breast cancer patients compared to controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) analysis, levels of 5 candidate miRNAs (miR10b, miR34a, miR155, miR195 and miR16) were quantified in sera of breast cancer patients and control individuals...
May 2015: Genes & Cancer
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