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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315615/mir155-regulation-of-ubiquilin1-and-ubiquilin2-implications-in-cellular-protection-and-tumorigenesis
#1
Sanjay Yadav, Nishant Singh, Parag P Shah, David A Rowbotham, Danial Malik, Ankita Srivastav, Jai Shankar, Wan L Lam, William W Lockwood, Levi J Beverly
Ubiquilin (UBQLN) proteins are adaptors thought to link ubiquitinated proteins to the proteasome. However, our lab has recently reported a previously unappreciated role for loss of UBQLN in lung cancer progression. In fact, UBQLN genes are lost in over 50% of lung cancer samples examined. However, a reason for the loss of UBQLN has not been proposed, nor has a selective pressure that could lead to deletion of UBQLN been reported. Diesel Exhaust Particles (DEP) are a major concern in the large cities of developing nations and DEP exposed populations are at an increased risk of developing a number of illnesses, including lung cancer...
March 15, 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296555/the-screening-of-a-microrna-expression-during-development-of-human-macrophages-and-mouse-dendritic-cells
#2
Eui Young So, Trisha Winchester, Toru Ouchi
There is increasing evidence showing specific roles of microRNA in cell differentiation and cancer progression. Here we examine miRNA profiles during maturation of monocytes and bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs) in human and mouse, respectively. We have identified significant changes of various miRNA expression during monocyte and BMDC monocyte development via miRNA microarrays, confirmed by quantitative PCR. Increases in miR155 expression positively correlated with increasing maturity of monocyte and BMDC in both mouse and human microarrays, indicating its importance in development...
March 15, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219227/-targeting-mir155-restores-chemotherapy-sensitivity-in-drug-resistant-myeloma-cell-line-rpmi8226-dox-cells
#3
C R Xiao, X L Hong, J S Hu, Y M Chen, Q Y Lu
Objective: To explore the mechanism of abnormal expression of microRNA155 (miR155) in myeloma drug-resistance to probe the possibility of inhibiting miR155 expression to restore chemotherapy sensitivity and its molecular mechanism in drug-resistant myeloma cells. Methods: Drug-resistant myeloma cell-line RPMI8226/DOX was established by culturing RPMI8226 cells with continuous low concentration and intermittent gradually increasing concentration of doxorubicin in vitro; The levels of miR155 mRNA were measured by qRT-PCR, and both proteins FOXO3a and BCL-2 expressions were detected by Western blot in cell-lines RPMI8226/S and RPMI8226/Dox...
January 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160157/a-comparison-of-serum-mirnas-influencing-metastatic-growth-of-emt6-vs-4thm-tumor-cells-in-wild-type-and-cd200r1ko-mice
#4
Reginald M Gorczynski, Fang Zhu, Zhiqi Chen, Ohla Kos, Ismat Khatri
PURPOSE: We investigated whether miRNAs in exosomes from EMT6 or 4THM tumor-bearing mice played a role in regulating inflammatory cytokine expression and/or metastasis in WT mice injected with EMT6 and/or 4THM tumor cells. METHODS: EMT6 tumors in BALB/c CD200R1KO mice resolve following surgical resection of localized tumor and immunization with irradiated EMT6 cells along with CpG as adjuvant. Wild-type (WT) animals treated in the same fashion develop pulmonary and liver metastases within 20 days of surgery...
April 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143572/poly-lactic-acid-nanoparticles-pla-np-promote-physiological-modifications-in-lung-epithelial-cells-and-are-internalized-by-clathrin-coated-pits-and-lipid-rafts
#5
Camila Macedo da Luz, Matthew Samuel Powys Boyles, Priscila Falagan-Lotsch, Mariana Rodrigues Pereira, Henrique Rudolf Tutumi, Eidy de Oliveira Santos, Nathalia Balthazar Martins, Martin Himly, Aniela Sommer, Ilse Foissner, Albert Duschl, José Mauro Granjeiro, Paulo Emílio Corrêa Leite
BACKGROUND: Poly-lactic acid nanoparticles (PLA-NP) are a type of polymeric NP, frequently used as nanomedicines, which have advantages over metallic NP such as the ability to maintain therapeutic drug levels for sustained periods of time. Despite PLA-NP being considered biocompatible, data concerning alterations in cellular physiology are scarce. METHODS: We conducted an extensive evaluation of PLA-NP biocompatibility in human lung epithelial A549 cells using high throughput screening and more complex methodologies...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006867/differential-profile-of-activated-regulatory-t-cell-subsets-and-micrornas-in-tolerant-liver-transplant-recipients
#6
B Revilla-Nuin, A de Bejar, L Martínez-Alarcón, J I Herrero, C M Martínez-Cáceres, P Ramírez, A Baroja-Mazo, J A Pons
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a potential role in operational tolerance in liver transplant patients, and microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to be involved in immunological responses and tolerance. Thus, we analyzed the implication of different peripheral blood Treg subsets and miRNAs on liver transplantation tolerance in 24 tolerant (Tol) and 23 non-tolerant (non-Tol) liver transplant recipients by cellular, genetic and epigenetic approximation. Non-Tol patients had a lower demethylation rate of the FOXP3 Treg-specific demethylated region (TSDR) than Tol patients that correlated with the frequency of circulating Tregs...
December 22, 2016: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933060/regulators-of-tfh-cell-differentiation
#7
REVIEW
Gajendra M Jogdand, Suchitra Mohanty, Satish Devadas
The follicular helper T (Tfh) cells help is critical for activation of B cells, antibody class switching, and germinal center (GC) formation. The Tfh cells are characterized by the expression of CXC chemokine receptor 5 (CXCR5), ICOS, programed death 1 (PD-1), B cell lymphoma 6 (BCL-6), and IL-21. They are involved in clearing infections and are adversely linked with autoimmune diseases and also have a role in viral replication as well as clearance. On the one hand, Tfh cells are generated from naive CD4(+) T cells with sequential steps involving cytokine signaling (IL-21, IL-6, IL-12, activin A), migration, and positioning in the GC by CXCR5, surface receptors (ICOS/ICOSL, signaling lymphocyte activation molecule-associated protein/signaling lymphocyte activation molecule) as well as transcription factor (BCL-6, c-Maf, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) signaling and repressor miR155...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882350/plasma-vesicle-mirnas-for-therapy-response-monitoring-in-hodgkin-lymphoma-patients
#8
Monique A J van Eijndhoven, Josée M Zijlstra, Nils J Groenewegen, Esther E E Drees, Stuart van Niele, S Rubina Baglio, Danijela Koppers-Lalic, Hans van der Voorn, Sten F W M Libregts, Marca H M Wauben, Renee X de Menezes, Jan R T van Weering, Rienk Nieuwland, Lydia Visser, Anke van den Berg, Daphne de Jong, D Michiel Pegtel
BACKGROUND. Cell-free circulating nucleic acids, including 22-nt microRNAs (miRNAs), represent noninvasive biomarkers for treatment response monitoring of cancer patients. While the majority of plasma miRNA is bound to proteins, a smaller, less well-characterized pool is associated with extracellular vesicles (EVs). Here, we addressed whether EV-associated miRNAs reflect metabolic disease in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) patients. METHODS. With standardized size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), we isolated EV-associated extracellular RNA (exRNA) fractions and protein-bound miRNA from plasma of cHL patients and healthy subjects...
November 17, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870736/lidocaine-administration-controls-micrornas-alterations-observed-after-lung-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#9
Lisa Rancan, Carlos Simón, Emmeline Marchal-Duval, Javier Casanova, Sergio Damian Paredes, Alberto Calvo, Cruz García, David Rincón, Agustín Turrero, Ignacio Garutti, Elena Vara
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is associated with morbidity and mortality. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as regulators of IRI, and they are involved in the pathogenesis of organ rejection. Lidocaine has proven anti-inflammatory activity in several tissues but its modulation of miRNAs has not been investigated. This work aims to investigate the involvement of miRNAs in lung IRI in a lung auto-transplantation model and to investigate the effect of lidocaine. METHODS: Three groups (sham, control, and Lidocaine), each comprising 6 pigs, underwent a lung autotransplantation...
December 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761889/microrna-155-in-serum-derived-extracellular-vesicles-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-hematologic-malignancies-a-short-report
#10
Antonella Caivano, Francesco La Rocca, Vittorio Simeon, Marco Girasole, Simone Dinarelli, Ilaria Laurenzana, Angelo De Stradis, Luciana De Luca, Stefania Trino, Antonio Traficante, Giovanni D'Arena, Giovanna Mansueto, Oreste Villani, Giuseppe Pietrantuono, Luca Laurenti, Luigi Del Vecchio, Pellegrino Musto
PURPOSE: The use of extracellular vesicles (EVs) from body fluids as "liquid biopsies" is emerging as a promising approach for the diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic monitoring of cancer patients. MicroRNA-155 (miR155), a non-coding transcript of the B-cell integration cluster (BIC) gene, has been reported to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of several types of hematologic malignancies (HMs) in which high miR155 levels have been found. At yet, however, the EV miR155 level and its putative clinical relevance in sera of HM patients have not been reported...
February 2017: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661612/transcriptomic-study-on-ovine-immune-responses-to-fasciola-hepatica-infection
#11
Yan Fu, Andreas L Chryssafidis, John A Browne, Jack O'Sullivan, Paul A McGettigan, Grace Mulcahy
BACKGROUND: Fasciola hepatica is not only responsible for major economic losses in livestock farming, but is also a major food-borne zoonotic agent, with 180 million people being at risk of infection worldwide. This parasite is sophisticated in manipulating the hosts' immune system to benefit its own survival. A better understanding of the mechanisms underpinning this immunomodulation is crucial for the development of control strategies such as vaccines. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This in vivo study investigated the global gene expression changes of ovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) response to both acute & chronic infection of F...
September 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27517690/the-effects-of-low-level-laser-irradiation-on-breast-tumor-in-mice-and-the-expression-of-let-7a-mir-155-mir-21-mir125-and-mir376b
#12
Vahid Khori, Ali Mohammad Alizadeh, Zohre Gheisary, Sadaf Farsinejad, Farrokh Najafi, Solmaz Khalighfard, Fatemeh Ghafari, Maryam Hadji, Hamid Khodayari
Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a form of photon therapy which can be a non-invasive therapeutic procedure in cancer therapy using low-intensity light in the range of 450-800 nm. One of the main functional features of laser therapy is the photobiostimulation effects of low-level lasers on various biological systems including altering DNA synthesis and modifying gene expression, and stopping cellular proliferation. This study investigated the effects of LLLT on mice mammary tumor and the expression of Let-7a, miR155, miR21, miR125, and miR376b in the plasma and tumor samples...
December 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411480/microrna-155-regulates-monocyte-chemokine-and-chemokine-receptor-expression-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Aziza Elmesmari, Alasdair R Fraser, Claire Wood, Derek Gilchrist, Diane Vaughan, Lynn Stewart, Charles McSharry, Iain B McInnes, Mariola Kurowska-Stolarska
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that miR-155 regulates monocyte migratory potential via modulation of chemokine and chemokine receptor expression in RA, and thereby is associated with disease activity. METHODS: The miR-155 copy-numbers in monocytes from peripheral blood (PB) of healthy (n = 22), RA (n = 24) and RA SF (n = 11) were assessed by real time-PCR using synthetic miR-155 as a quantitative standard. To evaluate the functional impact of miR-155, human monocytes were transfected with control or miR-155 mimic, and the effect on transcript levels, and production of chemokines was evaluated by Taqman low-density arrays and multiplex assays...
November 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294852/dectin-1-is-required-for-mir155-upregulation-in-murine-macrophages-in-response-to-candida-albicans
#14
Daniel Paiva Agustinho, Marco Antônio de Oliveira, Aldo Henrique Tavares, Lorena Derengowski, Valentina Stolz, Fernanda Guilhelmelli, Márcia Renata Mortari, Karl Kuchler, Ildinete Silva-Pereira
The commensal fungal pathogen Candida albicans is a leading cause of lethal systemic infections in immunocompromised patients. One of the main mechanisms of host immune evasion and virulence by this pathogen is the switch from yeast form to hyphal growth morphologies. Micro RNAs (miRNAs), a small regulatory non-coding RNA, has been identified as an important part of the immune response to a wide variety of pathogens. In general, miRNAs act by modulating the intensity of inflammatory responses. miRNAs act by base-paring binding to specific sequences of target mRNAs, generally causing their silencing through mRNA degradation or translational repression...
January 2, 2017: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163161/a-novel-tumor-promoting-mechanism-of-il6-and-the-therapeutic-efficacy-of-tocilizumab-hypoxia-induced-il6-is-a-potent-autophagy-initiator-in-glioblastoma-via-the-p-stat3-mir155-3p-crebrf-pathway
#15
Hao Xue, Guang Yuan, Xing Guo, Qinglin Liu, Jinsen Zhang, Xiao Gao, Xiaofan Guo, Shugang Xu, Tong Li, Qianqian Shao, Shaofeng Yan, Gang Li
Hypoxia induces protective autophagy in glioblastoma cells and new therapeutic avenues that target this process may improve the outcome for glioblastoma patients. Recent studies have suggested that the autophagic process is upregulated in glioblastomas in response to extensive hypoxia. Hypoxia also induces the upregulation of a specific set of proteins and microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of cell types. IL6 (interleukin 6), an inflammatory autocrine and paracrine cytokine that is overexpressed in glioblastoma, has been reported to be a biomarker for poor prognosis because of its tumor-promoting effects...
July 2, 2016: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097427/-total-flavonoid-from-glycyrrhizae-radix-et-rhizoma-and-its-ingredient-isoliquiritigenin-regulation-m2-phenotype-polarization-of-macrophages
#16
Yuan-lai Wang, Xi Tan, Xiao-lu Yang, Xiao-yun Li, Ka Bian, Dan-dan Zhang
To study the mechanisms of total flavonoid from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma (TFGR) and its ingredient isoliquiritigenin (ISL) on their regulation of M2 phenotype polarization of macrophages. IL-4 (60 μg x L(-1)) induced RAW264.7 cells for 6 h to establish the M2 macrophage model. TFGR and ISL restrained breast cancer cells migration with the aid of M2 macrophages in vitro. TFGR and ISL inhibited gene and protein expression of Arg-1, up-regulated gene of HO-1 and protein expression of iNOS, enhanced the expression of microRNA 155 and its target gene SHIP1, meanwhile down-regulated...
November 2015: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028953/circulating-mir155-expression-level-is-positive-with-blood-pressure-parameters-potential-markers-of-target-organ-damage
#17
Yuqing Huang, Jiyan Chen, Yingling Zhou, Songtao Tang, Jie Li, Xueju Yu, Yujing Mo, Ying Wu, Ying Zhang, Yingqing Feng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship of miR155 with office and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) parameters and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with hypertension and healthy controls. METHODS: We assessed the expression level of the miR155 in 50 patients with essential hypertension and 30 healthy individuals. All patients underwent two-dimensional echocardiography, office BP monitoring and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM)...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014996/expression-of-micrornas-mir21-mir146a-and-mir155-in-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-cortical-tubers-and-their-regulation-in-human-astrocytes-and-sega-derived-cell-cultures
#18
J van Scheppingen, A M Iyer, A S Prabowo, A Mühlebner, J J Anink, T Scholl, M Feucht, F E Jansen, W G Spliet, P Krsek, J Zamecnik, A M Buccoliero, F Giordano, L Genitori, K Kotulska, S Jozwiak, J Jaworski, E Liszewska, E A van Vliet, E Aronica
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disease presenting with multiple neurological symptoms including epilepsy, mental retardation, and autism. Abnormal activation of various inflammatory pathways has been observed in astrocytes in brain lesions associated with TSC. Increasing evidence supports the involvement of microRNAs in the regulation of astrocyte-mediated inflammatory response. To study the role of inflammation-related microRNAs in TSC, we employed real-time PCR and in situ hybridization to characterize the expression of miR21, miR146a, and miR155 in TSC lesions (cortical tubers and subependymal giant cell astrocytomas, SEGAs)...
June 2016: Glia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004848/salusin-%C3%AE-induces-foam-cell-formation-and-monocyte-adhesion-in-human-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-via-mir155-nox2-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#19
Hai-Jian Sun, Ming-Xia Zhao, Tong-Yan Liu, Xing-Sheng Ren, Qi Chen, Yue-Hua Li, Yu-Ming Kang, Guo-Qing Zhu
Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are indispensible components in foam cell formation. Salusin-β is a stimulator in the progression of atherosclerosis. Here, we showed that salusin-β increased foam cell formation evidenced by accumulation of lipid droplets and intracellular cholesterol content, and promoted monocyte adhesion in human VSMCs. Salusin-β increased the expressions and activity of acyl coenzyme A:cholesterol acyltransferase-1 (ACAT-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in VSMCs...
March 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26721343/imatinib-reduces-cholesterol-uptake-and-matrix-metalloproteinase-activity-in-human-thp-1-macrophages
#20
Jelena Gacic, Emina Vorkapic, Renate Slind Olsen, Daniel Söderberg, Therese Gustafsson, Robert Geffers, Karin Skoglund, Andreas Matussek, Dick Wågsäter
BACKGROUND: Imatinib mesylate (Glivec®, formerly STI-571) is a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor used for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumors. However, there are reports suggesting that imatinib could be atheroprotective by lowering plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL). AIM: To investigate the potential inhibitory effect of imatinib on cholesterol uptake in human macrophages as well as its effect on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity...
February 2016: Pharmacological Reports: PR
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