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asylum seeker children

Kassiani Mellou, Anthi Chrisostomou, Theologia Sideroglou, Theano Georgakopoulou, Maria Kyritsi, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Sotirios Tsiodras
An increased number of hepatitis A cases among refugees, asylum seekers and migrants residing in hosting facilities in Greece were recorded between April and December 2016. In total, 177 laboratory-confirmed symptomatic cases were reported; of these, 149 (84%) occurred in hosting camps mostly among Syrian children under 15 years. All cases reported symptom onset after their entry into the country. Public health interventions focused on hygiene measures and vaccination.
January 26, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Paul L Plener, Rebecca C Groschwitz, Elmar Brähler, Thorsten Sukale, Jörg M Fegert
Germany saw an increase in numbers of refugees in 2015, with nearly a third being below the age of 18. Unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) present an especially vulnerable group. In addition to pre-flight and flight stress, the acculturation process can work as potential stressor, and we wanted to explore attitudes towards URM. We conducted a study in a representative sample (n = 2524) of the German population (ages 14 years or older) between January and March 2016. Only 22.8% of participants thought that Germany could accompany more URM...
January 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Andreas Mattenschlager, Stefanie Nahler, Regine Reisinger
Unseen Suffering - Therapy for Traumatized Refugee Children In March 2015 the psychological counselling service (Psychologische Familien- und Lebensberatung) of Caritas Ulm initiated a psychotherapy project for traumatized minor refugees. Besides individual and group therapy, networking and qualification of qualified personnel and volunteers, in autumn 2015 we started offering our services on-site in a large collective accommodation for asylum seekers in Ulm. This was mainly because - in contrast to unaccompanied, mostly adolescent, minor refugees - our services appeared to reach children only by chance...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Katharina Wahedi, Stefan Nöst, Kayvan Bozorgmehr
BACKGROUND: A health examination of newly arrived asylum seekers, aimed at detecting infectious diseases and preventing disease outbreaks in accommodation facilities, is mandated by national law in all German states. Due to the decentralized German federal system, different state policies are in place and lead to substantial variation in the content and implementation of the health examination. OBJECTIVES: To compare health examination policies in the 16 German states with a focus on conducted tests, preventive measures and the general procedure...
January 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Isabella Buber-Ennser, Judith Kohlenberger, Bernhard Rengs, Zakarya Al Zalak, Anne Goujon, Erich Striessnig, Michaela Potančoková, Richard Gisser, Maria Rita Testa, Wolfgang Lutz
Since its inception in 2010, the Arab Spring has evolved into a situation of violent conflict in many countries, leading to high levels of migration from the affected region. Given the social impact of the large number of individuals applying for asylum across Europe in 2015, it is important to study who these persons are in terms of their skills, motivations, and intentions. DiPAS (Displaced Persons in Austria Survey) aims to uncover the socio-demographic characteristics of the persons seeking refuge who arrived in Austria in 2015, mainly originating from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan...
2016: PloS One
A Jablonka, P Solbach, C Happle, A Hampel, R E Schmidt, G M N Behrens
BACKGROUND: Germany is facing a huge humanitarian challenge with rapidly rising numbers of refugees entering the country. Data on hepatitis A seroprevalence and infection in refugees and asylum seekers in Europe during the current refugee exodus is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To assess hepatitis A (HAV) seroprevalence and immunity in refugees arriving in northern Germany in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 235 refugees seeking shelter in reception centers in Northern Germany in August 2015 was performed, as acute Hepatitis A had been detected in one refugee in this camp...
July 25, 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
Lee Thomas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Australian Nursing & Midwifery Journal
Elisa van Ee, Marian J Jongmans, Niels van der Aa, Rolf J Kleber
It has been hypothesized that adult attachment representations guide caregiving behavior and influence parental sensitivity, and thus affect the child's socio-emotional development. Several studies have shown a link between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and reduced parental sensitivity, so it is possible that PTSD moderates the relationship between insecure attachment representations and insensitivity. In this study symptoms of PTSD (Harvard Trauma Questionnaire), parental sensitivity (Emotional Availability Scales), and attachment representations (Attachment Script Assessment) were assessed in 53 parents who were asylum seekers or refugees...
June 1, 2016: Family Process
Yuanting Zha, Barclay Stewart, Eugenia Lee, Kyle N Remick, David H Rothstein, Reinou S Groen, Gilbert Burnham, David K Imagawa, Adam L Kushner
INTRODUCTION: Sixty million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict, persecution, or human rights violations at the end of 2014. This vulnerable population bears a disproportionate burden of disease, much of which is surgically treatable. We sought to estimate the surgical needs for forcibly displaced persons globally to inform humanitarian assistance initiatives. METHODS: Data regarding forcibly displaced persons, including refugees, internally displaced persons (IDPs), and asylum seekers were extracted from United Nations databases...
November 2016: World Journal of Surgery
(no author information available yet)
A STUDY of unaccompanied children who have come to the UK as refugees or asylum seekers has found many have significant physical and psychological health needs.
May 9, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
Franka Metzner, Cornelia Reher, Heinz Kindler, Silke Pawils
BACKGROUND: Germany is one of the most important host countries for minor refugees and asylum seekers in Europe. The number of children who leave their home country has significantly risen worldwide in recent years; a further rise is to be expected due to the increasing number of crisis zones. A literature review demonstrates the state of research on traumatization, post-traumatic stress disorders and psychotherapy in minor refugees and asylum seekers. EXPOSURE TO VIOLENCE AND POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDERS: Many minor refugees and asylum seekers have made mainly interpersonal traumatic experiences within their home country or during their flight and develop simple or complex post-traumatic stress disorders...
May 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Elisa van Ee, Rolf J Kleber, Marian J Jongmans, Trudy T M Mooren, Dorothee Out
In contrast with traumatic experiences, there is a dearth of studies on the link between trauma symptoms, disconnected (frightened, threatening and dissociative) parenting behavior, extremely insensitive parenting behavior and child attachment. This study extends previous work on the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on families by studying the unique contribution of disconnected and extremely insensitive parenting behavior on child attachment in a highly traumatized sample of 68 asylum seekers and refugees and their children (18-42 months)...
2016: Attachment & Human Development
Marieke Sleijpen, Joris Haagen, Trudy Mooren, Rolf J Kleber
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore perceived posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its associations with potentially traumatic events (PTEs), dispositional optimism, perceived social support, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and satisfaction with life (SWL) among adolescent refugees and asylum seekers. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was employed including 111 refugees, aged 12-17, that were recruited from asylum seeker centres throughout the Netherlands...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Cinzia Germinario, Maria Serena Gallone, Silvio Tafuri
INTRODUCTION: Since the 1990s Puglia has been totally involved in the reception and assistance of refugees. The prevention of infectious diseases among migrants, especially those residing in communities, is an important concern for public health authorities, since infectious diseases eliminated in Europe may still be widespread in the migrants' countries of origin, and other diseases may have a higher incidence than in European countries. Thus immigrants may contribute to the burden and spread of infectious diseases...
July 2015: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Brit Oppedal, Thormod Idsoe
There is a lack of knowledge about psychosocial resources that may sustain post-resettlement psychological adjustment among unaccompanied minor asylum-seekers. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of social support from family abroad and friends on acculturation, discrimination, and mental health among these vulnerable children and youth. Questionnaire data were collected from a population-based multi-ethnic sample involving 895 unaccompanied minors resettled in municipalities in all regions of the country...
April 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Christine Phillips
BACKGROUND: Since 1945, more than 700 000 refugees and displaced persons, survivors of conflicts in over 60 countries, have resettled in Australia. Every general practitioner (GP) will have patients who have had refugee-like experiences. OBJECTIVE: To describe the health needs of survivors of war and conflict in the immediate and long-term resettlement periods. DISCUSSION: In the immediate post-settlement period, refugees and asylum seekers will need assessment, catch-up primary healthcare and, in some cases, psychological support...
November 2014: Australian Family Physician
Nimisha Patel, Blerina Kellezi, Amanda C de C Williams
BACKGROUND: Torture is widespread, with potentially broad and long-lasting impact across physical, psychological, social and other areas of life. Its complex and diverse effects interact with ethnicity, gender, and refugee experience. Health and welfare agencies offer varied rehabilitation services, from conventional mental health treatment to eclectic or needs-based interventions. This review is needed because relatively little outcome research has been done in this field, and no previous systematic review has been conducted...
2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Elizabeth J M Corbett, Hasantha Gunasekera, Alanna Maycock, David Isaacs
OBJECTIVE: Australia's response to refugees and people seeking asylum is a matter of national debate. We sought to determine the knowledge and attitudes of paediatricians about refugee and asylum seeker issues (both onshore and offshore). DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: In November 2013, we emailed a questionnaire web link to all Australian general and community paediatricians registered with the Royal Australasian College of Physicians. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Proportion of respondents by demographic characteristics using χ(2) and Fisher exact test (α = 0...
October 6, 2014: Medical Journal of Australia
Christa A Veen, Marjo E E van Kasteren, Cora A Fiedeldeij, Marien H J Kuipers, Pim J van Dijken, Charles C Obihara
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the neonatal outcomes of the policy for the prevention of vertical HIV transmission in a non-university HIV centre. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive study. METHOD: We analysed the HIV status of newborns of HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy in the period between 1 January 1995 and 31 December 2010 in St. Elisabeth Hospital, Tilburg, the Netherlands and compared these results with the Dutch HIV monitoring foundation (SHM) registration data...
2014: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Simone Goosen, Karien Stronks, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: There are concerns about negative effects of relocations between asylum-seeker centres on the mental health of asylum-seeking children. However, empirical evidence comes from cross-sectional studies only. In this longitudinal medical record study, we aimed to assess: (i) whether relocations during the asylum process are associated with the incidence of newly recorded mental distress in asylum-seeking children; and (ii) whether this association is stronger among vulnerable children...
February 2014: International Journal of Epidemiology
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