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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866037/preoperative-preparation-of-a-patient-with-grade-ii-leg-lymphedema-for-his-third-hip-replacement-surgery
#1
Maria de Fátima Guerreiro Godoy, Livia Maria Pereira de Godoy, Renata Lopes Pinto, Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of lymphedema remains a challenge to modern medicine, due to the characteristics of the disease. CASE PRESENTATION: Report on the case of a 75-year-old patient with lower limb lymphedema for treatment prior to surgery. At age 45, he made the first hip replacement surgery in the left leg. One year later he performed the same surgery on the right leg. At that time his legs had slight ankle edema mainly of the left leg and the entire left leg was affected by lymphedema...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858952/subintimal-angioplasty-for-lower-limb-arterial-chronic-total-occlusions
#2
REVIEW
ZhiHui Chang, JiaHe Zheng, ZhaoYu Liu
BACKGROUND: In recent years subintimal angioplasty (SIA) has become an established percutaneous procedure for the treatment of symptomatic lower limb arterial chronic total occlusions. However, the clinical benefits of this practice remain unclear. The aim of the review was to determine the effectiveness of SIA on clinical outcomes. This is an update of a review first published in 2013. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of SIA versus other treatment for people with lower limb arterial chronic total occlusions, determined by the effects on clinical improvement, technical success rate, patency rate, limb salvage rate, and morbidity rates...
November 18, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826176/limited-diagnostic-value-of-procalcitonin-in-early-diagnosis-of-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#3
Ewelina Gowin, Jacek Wysocki
A 17-year-old female patient was referred to the Infectious Diseases Ward because of fever lasting for 14 days. On admission to the hospital the patient was in a generally good state, without any abnormalities on physical examination. Laboratory investigation revealed elevated inflammatory markers. Diagnostic imaging comprising chest X-ray, abdominal ultrasonography, and echocardiography showed no abnormalities. During the hospitalization, there occurred episodes of fever with skin rash and musculoskeletal pain of the lower limbs...
2016: Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797350/ecg-case-of-the-month-heart-failure-in-a-man-from-chile
#4
D Luke Glancy, Glenn A Cochran, Frederick R Helmcke
A 49-year-old man visiting New Orleans from Chile comes to the hospital complaining of exertional dyspnea for 2 months with the more recent onset of ankle edema. He is a slender man with a blood pressure of 91/60 mmHg, crackles at both lung bases, and markedly distended neck veins. His cardiac rhythm is irregular. A soft murmur of mitral regurgitation and a soft S-3 are heard at the left ventricular apex. All four pedal pulses are easily palpable. Epigastric tenderness is noted on palpation; although the patient has a history of peptic ulcer disease, the tenderness is probably due to an enlarged left lobe of his liver, the result of hepatic congestion from his heart failure...
September 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757192/multiple-bilateral-pulmonary-nodules-masquerading-as-pulmonary-metastasis-a-case-of-nodular-sarcoidosis
#5
Mostafa Jafari, Donya Farrokh, Najmeh Mohammadpanah
Sarcoidosis is a multi-system inflammatory disorder of unknown etiology that is manifested by the presence of non-caseating granulomas. Multiple pulmonary nodules are rare presentations of sarcoidosis. We report a case of nodular sarcoidosis in a young male of Middle-East origin who had initially presented with bilateral painful ankle edema. His chest X-ray showed multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules. A high resolution computed tomography scan of the chest demonstrated multiple pulmonary nodular lesions and also mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756859/a-specifically-designed-aquatic-exercise-protocol-to-reduce-chronic-lower-limb-edema
#6
Sergio Gianesini, Mirko Tessari, Primo Bacciglieri, Anna Maria Malagoni, Erica Menegatti, Savino Occhionorelli, Nino Basaglia, Paolo Zamboni
OBJECTIVE: Despite the fact that muscle pump activation is known to positively impact chronic lower limb edema, objective measurements of standardized exercises for venous-lymphatic rehab are lacking. The aim of this investigation is to determine the effectiveness of an addressed physical activity exploiting the advantages of an aquatic environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two lower limbs of 16 patients affected by bilateral chronic leg swelling were included (12 females, 4 males)...
October 18, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738917/amelioration-of-oxidative-and-inflammatory-changes-by-swertia-chirayita-leaves-in-experimental-arthritis
#7
Harsha Lad, Deepak Bhatnagar
The present study was aimed to determine the therapeutic effects of Swertia chirayita leaves against oxidative and inflammatory injuries in Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) induced arthritic rats. The extract was evaluated for its phytoconstituents and various invitro antioxidant properties followed by its in vivo effects. The hydroethanolic extract of S. chirayita leaves (SCE) was orally administered (200 mg/kg body weight, per day, p.o.) and the effect on the liver lipid peroxidation (LPO), antioxidant status, protein carbonyl formation along with the histopathology of liver were evaluated after induction of adjuvant arthritis...
October 14, 2016: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587374/bone-marrow-edema-syndrome-in-the-foot-and-ankle
#8
REVIEW
Seyed Alireza Mirghasemi, Elly Trepman, Mohammad Saleh Sadeghi, Narges Rahimi, Shervin Rashidinia
: Bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) is an uncommon and self-limited syndrome characterized by extremity pain of unknown etiology. Symptoms may include sudden or gradual onset of swelling and pain at rest or during activity, usually at night. This syndrome mostly affects middle-aged men and younger women who have pain in the lower extremities. The most common sites involved with BMES, in decreasing order of frequency, are the bones about the hip, knee, ankle, and foot. The diagnosis of BMES is confirmed with magnetic resonance imaging to exclude other causes of bone marrow edema...
December 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504982/accessory-anterolateral-talar-facet-in-populations-with-and-without-symptoms-prevalence-and-relevant-associated-ankle-mri-findings
#9
Üstün Aydıngöz, Osman Melih Topcuoğlu, Aysegül Görmez, Tijen Cankurtaran, Elif Dilara Topcuoğlu, Fatma Bilge Ergen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of and relevant findings associated with the accessory anterolateral talar facet, which may have a role in talocalcaneal impingement and sinus tarsi syndrome, on ankle MR images of persons with and those without symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, three observers independently reviewed 1.5-T or 3-T MR images of 110 ankles with symptoms in 100 consecutively registered patients (age range, 16-79 years; mean, 41...
August 9, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470952/-comparative-analysis-of-the-ankle-joints-in-juvenile-male-soccer-players-with-imaging
#10
Y B Huang, Y X Zhao, J J Xiao, M W Li, R Zhang, S L Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of children male soccer players' ankle imaging features. METHODS: From October 2015 to February 2016, a total of 32 male children players of two soccer clubs in Guangzhou were enrolled in this study.The ages of all cases were from 10 to 14 years, average age was (11.3±0.9) years.A total of 15 male children in region ordinary primary and secondary school students were set as control group, ages were from 10 to 14 years, average age was (12...
July 5, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453454/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evidence-of-postoperative-cyst-formation-does-not-appear-to-affect-clinical-outcomes-after-autologous-osteochondral-transplantation-of-the-talus
#11
Ian Savage-Elliott, Niall A Smyth, Timothy W Deyer, Christopher D Murawski, Keir A Ross, Charles P Hannon, Huong T Do, John G Kennedy
PURPOSE: To identify potential cysts using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after autologous osteochondral transplantation (AOT) for osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs) as well as to determine the effect of cysts on short-term clinical outcomes. METHODS: Eighty-nine MRI scans of 37 patients who had AOT for an OLT were evaluated. Radiographic variables examined included cyst presence, cyst location, bone edema, and cartilage integrity. Patient clinical variables recorded and examined for association with the presence of a cyst included gender, age, preoperative lesion size, size and number of osteochondral graft used, symptoms reported, and pre- and postoperative Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) and Short Form-12 (SF-12) scores measured at final follow-up...
September 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427994/bilateral-central-foot-drop-in-a-pediatric-patient
#12
Semra Işık, Akın Akakın, Murat Şakir Ekşi, Baran Yılmaz, Tamer Aksoy, Murat Konakçı, Zafer Orkun Toktaş, Türker Kılıç
Foot drop is an inability to dorsiflex the ankle and toe. Primary causes of foot drop are compression or lesion of the 5th lumbar nerve and entrapment of the peroneal nerve at the head of the fibula. Rarely, some central nervous system lesions lead to foot drop. A 16-year-old boy was admitted with blunt head trauma that had happened in an assault. The muscle strength of the bilateral tibialis anterior, bilateral extensor digitorum longus and bilateral extensor digitorum brevis were Medical Research Council grade 1...
2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27423250/quadruple-component-superficial-circumflex-iliac-artery-perforator-scip-flap-a-chimeric-scip-flap-for-complex-ankle-reconstruction-of-an-exposed-artificial-joint-after-total-ankle-arthroplasty
#13
Takumi Yamamoto, Takafumi Saito, Ryohei Ishiura, Takuya Iida
Total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) is becoming popular in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-associated ankle joint degeneration. However, ankle wound complications can occur after TAA, which sometimes requires challenging reconstruction due to anatomical complexity of the ankle. Superficial circumflex iliac artery (SCIA) perforator (SCIP) flap has been reported to be useful for various reconstructions, but no case has been reported regarding a chimeric SCIP flap for complex ankle reconstruction. We report a case of complex ankle defect successfully reconstructed with a free quadruple-component chimeric SCIP flap...
September 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399457/178%C3%A2-high-abbreviated-injury-scale-grade-conversion-rate-following-neuro-spinal-scaffold-implantation-in-acute-thoracic-complete-abbreviated-injury-scale-a-spinal-cord-injury-potential-mechanisms
#14
Nicholas Theodore, Kee Duk Kim, Patrick C Hsieh, Wilson Zachary Ray, Maureen Barry, Rick Layer, Simon W Moore, Domagoj Coric
INTRODUCTION: In preclinical models, Neuro-Spinal Scaffold (NSS) implantation following spinal cord injury (SCI) promotes neural sparing and regeneration through internal decompression and tissue remodeling. Rather than typical postinjury cyst formation, the NSS acts through appositional healing to form neuropermissive remodeled tissue. A pilot study of the NSS enrolled 5 patients with complete thoracic SCI; 3 converted to incomplete. Neurological recovery in 2 patients was either sustained (beyond 12 months) or delayed by 6 months...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339635/acute-pancreatitis-complicated-with-deep-vein-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report
#15
H M M T B Herath, Aruna Kulatunga
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas that can trigger a systemic inflammatory response. Pulmonary embolism refers to obstruction of the pulmonary artery or one of its branches by material (usually a thrombus) that originated elsewhere in the body. Extensive lower limb deep vein thrombosis with pulmonary embolism is a rare complication of acute pancreatitis that has been described in a few case reports. Deep vein thrombosis and hypercoagulable states in pancreatitis are thought to be due to release of pancreatic proteolytic enzymes from a cyst that is connected to the pancreatic duct and penetrates into a vessel...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300361/the-effects-of-a-4-layer-compression-bandaging-system-on-skin-perfusion-pressure-in-healthy-adults
#16
Nicole J Chimera, Corstiaan Brass, Karl Terryberry, Lynn Matthews, Ryan G Boggs, William Denz, Michael Brogan
OBJECTIVE: Current practice precludes compression in patients with wounds and reduced arterial flow; however, this treatment may reduce edema and vascular resistance, thus improving distal circulation. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of compression on skin perfusion pressure (SPP), edema, and ankle range of motion. DESIGN: This was a quasi-experimental time series. SETTING: The study was conducted at The Center for Skin Integrity in Cheektowaga, New York...
July 2016: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27241582/topical-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-effects-of-multiple-applications-of-s-flurbiprofen-plaster-sfpp-in-a-rat-adjuvant-induced-arthritis-model
#17
Masanori Sugimoto, Yoshihisa Toda, Miyuki Hori, Akiko Mitani, Takahiro Ichihara, Shingo Sekine, Shinsuke Kaku, Noboru Otsuka, Hideo Matsumoto
Preclinical Research The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of multiple applications of S(+)-flurbiprofen plaster (SFPP), a novel Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) patch, for the alleviation of inflammatory pain and edema in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) model as compared to other NSAID patches. The AIA model was induced by the injection of Mycobacterium butyricum and rats were treated with a patch (1.0 cm × 0.88 cm) containing each NSAID (SFP, ketoprofen, loxoprofen, diclofenac, felbinac, flurbiprofen, or indomethacin) applied to the paw for 6 h per day for 5 days...
June 2016: Drug Development Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27227343/new-mouse-model-of-skeletal-muscle-atrophy-using-spiral-wire-immobilization
#18
Akiko Onda, Hajime Kono, Qibin Jiao, Takayuki Akimoto, Toshikazu Miyamoto, Yasuhiro Sawada, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Yoichiro Kusakari, Susumu Minamisawa, Toru Fukubayashi
INTRODUCTION: Disuse-induced skeletal muscle atrophy is a serious concern; however, there is not an effective mouse model to elucidate the molecular mechanisms. We developed a noninvasive atrophy model in mice. METHODS: After the ankle joints of mice were bandaged into a bilateral plantar flexed position, either bilateral or unilateral hindlimbs were immobilized by wrapping in bonsai steel wire. RESULTS: After 3, 5, or 10 days of immobilization of the hip, knee, and ankle, the weight of the soleus and plantaris muscles decreased significantly in both bilateral and unilateral immobilization...
October 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221471/treatment-of-hypertensive-patients-with-diabetes-beyond-blood-pressure-control-and-focus-on-manidipine
#19
Margarita Saiz Satjes, Francisco J Martinez-Martin
Renin-angiotensin system inhibitors should be considered as the first-line therapy in the treatment of patients with hypertension and diabetes. However, most of the diabetic subjects with hypertension require at least two drugs to achieve blood pressure targets. The ACCOMPLISH trial suggested that the best combination in the treatment of high-risk hypertensive patients should include a renin-angiotensin system inhibitor and a dihydropyridine. However, not all dihydropyridines block the same receptors. Those dihydropyridines that block T-type calcium channel blockers may provide additional advantages...
July 2016: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163690/a-long-distance-fluid-transport-pathway-within-fibrous-connective-tissues-in-patients-with-ankle-edema
#20
Hongyi Li, Chongqing Yang, Kuiyuan Lu, Liyang Zhang, Jiefu Yang, Fang Wang, Dongge Liu, Di Cui, Mingjun Sun, Jianxin Pang, Luru Dai, Dong Han, Fulong Liao
OBJECTIVES: Although the microcirculatory dysfunctions of edema formation are well documented, the draining pattern of dermal edema lacks information. This study was to assess the potential drainage pathways of the interstitial fluid in patients with ankle edema using the anatomical and histological methods. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four amputees of lower leg participated in this study. Fluorescent imaging agent was injected into lateral ankle dermis in one volunteered patient before the amputation and three lower legs after the amputation...
May 2, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
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