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Benjamin Plotkin, Srihari C Sampath, Srinath C Sampath, Kambiz Motamedi
The tendons of the wrist are commonly symptomatic. They can be injured, infected, or inflamed. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography are useful tools for evaluating the wrist. Pathologic conditions of the wrist tendons include de Quervain tenosynovitis, extensor carpi ulnaris tendinopathy, rheumatoid tenosynovitis, infectious synovitis, tendon tears, hydroxyapatite deposition disease, intersection syndrome, tenosynovial giant cell tumor, and fibroma of the tendon sheath. In this article, we review the normal appearance of the wrist tendons, discuss relevant anatomy, and give an overview of common pathologic conditions affecting the wrist tendons...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
U S Dinesh Kumar, Shyam Prasad Shetty, K R Sujay, Murugesh Wali
Left ventricular (LV) mass is a rare condition, of which the most common is thrombus. Echocardiography is a very useful modality of investigation to evaluate the LV mass. We are reporting a case of LV mass presenting with neurological symptom. The diagnosis of this mass was dilemma as the echocardiographic features were favoring tumor as well as thrombi. Mass (a) measuring 3.8 cm × 1.9 cm attached to the left ventricle apex appeared to be pedunculated tumor and mass (b) measuring 2.4 cm × 1.8 cm attached to the chordae of anterior mitral leaflet resembled a thrombus or an embolized tumor entangled in the chordae...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Takuma Tsuzuki Wada, Kojiro Sato, Toshihide Mimura
We encountered a case of a middle-aged woman with systemic lupus erythematosus. As the patient had progressive peripheral neuropathy including foot drop, we intended to treat her with intensive immunosuppressive therapy as soon as possible. Pretreatment assessment, however, revealed multiple nodular lesions in the lungs and bones, suggesting disseminated tumor metastasis or miliary tuberculosis. To our surprise, gallium and bone scintigraphy as well as cytodiagnosis revealed no sign of malignancy or infection, leading us to suspect the presence of another multisystem disorder...
March 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Etan Marks, Michelle Ewart
Infantile digital fibroma is a rare benign lesion that usually occurs during the first 2 years of life. It can be multiple, but it is usually a single lesion. If it grows large enough it can cause joint deformities or interfere with everyday activities. Microscopically, the neoplastic cells usually have inclusion bodies that are best highlighted with a Masson trichrome stain but can often be seen on hematoxylin-eosin staining. Treatment for this entity is usually watchful waiting because of its ability to spontaneously regress, but excision is recommended if the lesion is symptomatic...
October 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Marco Mele, Lars Rolighed, MarieLouise Jespersen, Lars Rejnmark, Peer Christiansen
INTRODUCTION: Cancer in the parathyroid gland is rare, but parathyroid cancer is occasionally seen in relation to genetic abnormalities. Due to a limited amount of evidence, the optimal handling of these cases is not clear. Furthermore, the presence of a malignant parathyroid tumor is rarely known at the time of the initial operation; therefore, re-operations are often necessary. The aim of this study was to present the case of a patient with a previously diagnosed jaw tumor and parathyroid carcinoma that presents as a recurrence of hyperparathyroid hypercalcemia...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Carlo Fornaini, Jean-Paul Rocca, Elisabetta Merigo
AIM: To describe the performance of 450 nm diode laser in oral surgery procedures. METHODS: The case described consisted of the removal of a lower lip fibroma through a blue diode laser (λ = 450 nm). RESULTS: The efficacy of this device, even at very low power (1W, CW), allows us to obtain very high intra and postoperative comfort for the patient, even with just topical anaesthesia and without needing suture. The healing process was completed in one week and, during the follow-up, the patient did not report any problems, pain or discomfort even without the consumption of any kind of drugs, such as painkillers and antibiotics...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
This review article aimed to introduce a category of jaw lesions associated with impacted tooth. General search engines and specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, MedLine Plus, Science Direct, Scopus, and well-recognized textbooks were used to find relevant studies using keywords such as "jaw lesion", "jaw disease", "impacted tooth", and "unerupted tooth". More than 250 articles were found, of which approximately 80 were broadly relevant to the topic. We ultimately included 47 articles that were closely related to the topic of interest...
September 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Yan Chen, Da-Yan Hu, Ting-Ting Wang, Ran Zhang, Qing Dong, Zhi-Xiu Xu, Lin Wang, Tie-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: The tumor suppressor gene CDC73 was found to be associated with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome (HPT-JT), which is characterized by parathyroid adenoma or carcinoma, ossifying fibroma (OF) of the jaws, and renal and uterine lesions. Mutations in CDC73 have also been frequently detected in sporadic parathyroid carcinomas and renal tumors. However, the prevalence and range of CDC73 mutations in sporadic OFs have not been established. METHODS: We directly sequenced coding and flanking splice junctional regions of CDC73 in 40 cases of sporadic OF of the jaws...
2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Hannah du Preez, Ashok Adams, Polly Richards, Simon Whitley
: Hyperparathyroidism jaw tumour syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant inherited endocrine neoplasia syndrome, which predisposes carriers to develop a triad of multiple ossifying fibromas of the maxilla and mandible, parathyroid adenomas and carcinomas (with consequent hyperparathyroidism) as well as renal and uterine tumours. The prevalence of this condition is unknown. Patients typically present initially with symptoms and signs of a jaw tumour. A high index of suspicion is required for the underlying diagnosis to be recognised, enabling appropriate management of jaw lesions, treatment of hyperparathyroidism, if present, as well as early detection of malignant disease and screening of family members...
September 21, 2016: Insights Into Imaging
Joseph Wolfgang Mathews, Rhonda Winchester, Nebras Alsaygh, Anne M Bartlett, Louis Luttrell
Ossifying fibromas of the maxillofacial bones are an uncommon form of benign neoplasm usually treated by surgical excision. Up to 30% of patients with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome, a rare form of multiple endocrine neoplasia resulting from autosomal dominant inactivating mutation of the Hrpt2 tumor suppressor gene, initially present with ossifying fibromas. Coincident hypercalcemia because of the presence of parathyroid adenoma is common in these patients, of whom 15% may have or may develop parathyroid carcinoma...
September 2016: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Tomasz Rechberger, Paweł Miotła, Konrad Futyma, Alicja Ziętek, Aleksandra Filipczak, Ewa Rechberger, Justyna Szumiło, Aneta Adamiak-Godlewska
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive gynaecological surgeries are performed for several malignant and nonmalignant indications. The aim of our study was to evaluate the rate of unexpected malignancies among women who underwent laparoscopical supracervical hysterectomy (LASH) with power morcellation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis included clinical data of 426 consecutive female patients who underwent LASH with power morcellation due to presumed benign disorders (78...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Nedeljka Glavan, Ivana Ljubičić-Bistrović, Blaženka Grahovac, Luka Traven, Anton Sasso, Nives Jonjić
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a 12-year-old boy with intellectual disability and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, who came to surgery for an examination due to a minor bulge on the left thumb, which had been growing for the previous month. His mother denied any trauma. METHODS: After the removal of the clinically ambiguous bulge and a pathohistological confirmation that it was a periungual fibroma, complete patient analysis was performed due to the presence of hypomelanotic macules and a suspected tuberous sclerosis...
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Niharika Puppala, Jaya Kiran Madala, Ajay Reddy Mareddy, Rakesh Kumar Dumpala
The central odontogenic fibroma (COF) is a benign odontogenic tumor of mesenchymal tissue such as the periodontal ligament, dental papilla or dental follicle. It is an extremely rare tumor, accounting less than five percent of all odontogenic tumors. In this report, we describe the case of an eight year old girl who presented with a painless swelling of the left mandible. Radiographic evaluation revealed a well-defined unilocular radiolucency extending from the distal aspect of the displaced mandibular left premolar to the ascending ramus of the mandible...
2016: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Y Opdenakker, G Swennen, J Abeloos
The key to the success of surgical navigation based on computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) planning is the registration process. This has to be precise and adapted to the surgical needs. However, the application of a conventional rigid skull-fixed navigation star for accurate registration is limited for use in the paediatric population, because of the risk of unstable fixation, dural perforation, and intracranial bleeding. The authors describe their experience with a non-invasive reference headband that was used in combination with a custom-made acrylic resin dental registration splint for resection of a rare infraorbital zygomatic desmoplastic fibroma in a 2-year old patient...
September 2, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
F-M Köhn
During complete inspection of skin a variety of penile skin alterations may be found. Not all dermatological findings have clinical relevance. Pearly papules and heterotopic sebaceous glands are physiological variations. Most penile melanotic macules, angiokeratoma, fibroma and angioma have not to be treated. However, other more severe diseases such as malignant skin lesions (erythroplasia of Queyrat), infectious disease (human papillomavirus-induced penile warts) or systemic skin diseases (psoriasis) may be detected...
October 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Madhura Milind Killedar, Aslam A Shivani, Usha Shinde
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis (ISC) is a rare benign condition which presents with multiple, asymptomatic, and painless nodules on the scrotal skin wall. The lesions have been attributed as sebaceous cysts, calcified steatocystoma, fibroma, atheroma, and xanthoma. Shapiro et al. reviewed the histologic data and found no evidence of an epithelial lining, residual cysts, and lipid or organisms, and concluded that the calcification was idiopathic introducing the term "idiopathic scrotal calcinosis." We have studied four cases of idiopathic scrotal calcinosis, one of which had scrotal calcinosis involving the whole of the scrotum...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Ryo Okada, Tatsuo Shimura, Shigeyuki Tsukida, Jin Ando, Yasuhide Kofunato, Tomoyuki Momma, Rei Yashima, Yoshihisa Koyama, Shinichi Suzuki, Seiichi Takenoshita
BACKGROUND: Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal-dominant inherited disorder that is classically characterized by the presence of neoplastic lesions of the parathyroid glands, the anterior pituitary gland, and the pancreas. However, MEN1 with concomitant pheochromocytoma is extremely rare. CASE REPORT: We report a case of MEN1 concomitant with pheochromocytoma. A 44-year-old Japanese man, who had undergone total parathyroidectomy due to primary hyperparathyroidism at the age of 18, was referred to our hospital with a complaint of a large abdominal tumor...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
Praveen Ganesh, Rohan P Raut, Kiran Kumar Boyina, Samarth Shetty, Paul C Salins
Ossifying fibroma is a rare benign osteogenic neoplasm arising from undifferentiated cells of the periodontal ligament. Ossifying fibroma have a well-defined border that differentiates it from fibrous dysplasia clinically; these tumors manifest as a round or ovoid, expansile, painless, slow-growing mass may displace the roots of adjacent teeth and also cause root resorption. A variety of approaches for resection of the maxilla have been described. Most involve the use of facial and lip-splitting incisions to gain wide access...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Anil Kumar Gupta, Kumar Keshav, Praganesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: The quest for ideal bone graft substitutes still haunts orthopedic researchers. The impetus for this search of newer bone substitutes is provided by mismatch between the demand and supply of autogenous bone grafts. Bone banking facilities such as deep frozen and freeze-dried allografts are not so widely available in most of the developing countries. To overcome the problem, we have used partially decalcified, ethanol preserved, and domestic refrigerator stored allografts which are economical and needs simple technology for procurement, preparation, and preservation...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
Masashi Kimura, Hiroyuki Ohto, Akio Shibata, Atsushi Enomoto, Masahiro Umemura
Verruciform xanthoma (VX) is a rare benign lesion and mainly effects the oral mucosa. This slow-growing asymptomatic lesion typically develops along the gingival margin of the masticatory mucosa, followed by the hard palate, tongue, buccal mucosa, floor of the mouth, alveolar mucosa, soft palate and junction between the hard and soft palate. Moreover, this lesion can also affect the skin and genital organs. Clinically, VX generally presents a sessile or pedunculated appearance, forming a papule or single plaque with verrucous or papillomatous mucosal growth...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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