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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737005/2017-pediatric-pulmonology-year-in-review-part-2-neonatology
#1
Richard L Auten
The articles published in 2017 in topic areas relevant to neonatal pulmonology are reviewed in Part 2 of the Year-in-Review.
May 7, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713207/knowledge-and-practice-of-parents-and-guardians-about-childhood-asthma-at-king-abdulaziz-medical-city-for-national-guard-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#2
Eman AlOtaibi, Mohammed AlAteeq
Background: Family management of asthmatic children is affected by several factors, primarily the parent's knowledge and attitude toward asthma. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the knowledge and practice of parents and guardians about asthma in their children. Methods: Two hundred and thirty-one self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents and guardians attending, with their children, general pediatric and pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinics at King Abdullah Specialist Children's Hospital, King Abdulaziz Medical City for National Guard, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from August 2016 to March 2017...
2018: Risk Management and Healthcare Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696817/pediatric-pulmonology-year-in-review-2017-part-4-sleep-medicine
#3
REVIEW
Ignacio E Tapia, Terry L Noah
Pediatric Pulmonology publishes original research, case reports and review articles on topics related to a wide range of children's respiratory disorders. In this article (Part 4 of a 5-part series), we summarize the past year's publications in sleep medicine, in the context of selected literature in this area from other journals. Articles are highlighted on topics including diagnosis and treatment of OSAS, sleep duration and position, and sleep disorders in chronic disease.
April 26, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660839/highlights-from-the-2017-north-american-cystic-fibrosis-conference
#4
REVIEW
Stacey L Martiniano, Demet Toprak, Thida Ong, Edith T Zemanick, Cori L Daines, Marianne S Muhlebach, Charles R Esther, Elisabeth P Dellon
The 31st annual North American Cystic Fibrosis Conference (NACFC) was held in Indianapolis, IN on November 2-4, 2017. Abstracts of presentations from the conference were published in a supplement to Pediatric Pulmonology [2017; Pediatr Pulmonol Suppl. 52: S1-S776]. The current review summarizes several major topic areas addressed at the conference: the pathophysiology and basic science of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease, clinical trials, clinical management issues, and quality improvement (QI). In this review, we describe emerging concepts in several areas of CF research and care...
April 16, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648880/evolving-challenges-in-pediatric-pulmonary-medicine-new-opportunities-to-re-invigorate-the-field
#5
Joseph M Collaco, Steven H Abman
Thirty years after the first board certification examination for pediatric pulmonology was administered there remain substantial challenges in attracting trainees and sustaining and retaining clinician-scientists in the field. In fact, significant workforce shortages are predicted to exist with current fellowship graduation rates and the aging of the existing workforce. However, the rapid diagnostic and therapeutic advances occurring in the field should serve as draw for trainees. In addition, pediatric pulmonologists provide unique expertise for the diversity and severity of respiratory conditions that is not duplicated by generalists, allergists, intensivists, or neonatologists...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605210/a-review-of-the-etiology-and-clinical-presentation-of-non-cystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-a-tertiary-care-experience
#6
Ozlem Satırer, Ayse Mete Yesil, Nagehan Emiralioglu, Gökcen Dilsa Tugcu, Ebru Yalcın, Deniz Dogru, Nural Kiper, Ugur Ozcelik
INTRODUCTION: Non-cystic fibrosis(CF) bronchiectasis has been recognized in children for the past 200 years. Early childhood pneumonia and underlying conditions such as immunodeficiency, primary ciliary dyskinesia(PCD), and congenital lung pathology should be considered in the etiology. The aim of our study was to describe the clinical characteristics, laboratory, and radiological findings of a large population of patients with non-CF bronchiectasis at a tertiary center. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical findings of 187 patients diagnosed with non-CF bronchiectasis over a period of 10 years (January 2005-December 2015) at the Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine Department of Pediatric Pulmonology...
April 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527382/bronchogenic-cyst-as-an-unusual-cause-of-a-persistent-cough-and-wheeze-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Ahmed Abushahin, Abdulla Zarroug, Magda Wagdi, Ibrahim Janahi
Wheezing and cough are common case scenarios that pediatricians encountered in their office practices. Although a bronchogenic cyst is an uncommon condition, it is essential to be considered in the differential diagnosis of a chronic cough and wheezing among young children who fail to respond to appropriate medical treatment. A 28-month-old girl was referred to our pediatric pulmonology clinic with persistent symptoms of a cough and wheeze unresponsive to standard asthma therapy. This presentation prompted us to undertake a detailed diagnostic evaluation...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#8
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494316/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update-executive-summary
#9
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients presenting with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484869/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-bronchiectasis-position-paper-of-the-israeli-pulmonology-society-and-the-israeli-pediatric-pulmonology-society
#10
Michal Shteinberg, Emilia Hardak, Matthew Koslow, Dario Prais, Malena Cohen-Cymberkno, David Shoseyov, Adi Dagan, Yochai Adir, David Shitrit
Bronchiectasis is anatomically defined by irreversible distortion of the bronchi. Clinically, its manifestations are cough with sputum production and a predisposition to pulmonary infections. Unlike asthma and COPD, where ample clinical data are present regarding the course and effective treatment, knowledge of bronchiectasis has yet to evolve. Lately, bronchiectasis is gaining renewed attention among the medical community, with growing basic and clinical research-based data. In Israel, no registered treatments exist for bronchiectasis, which makes it difficult to treat these patients...
February 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433718/pediatric-interventional-pulmonology
#11
REVIEW
Leonardo Donato, Thi Mai Hong Tran, Uzair K Ghori, Ali I Musani
Although controversy over the role of flexible versus rigid bronchoscopy for airway foreign body management persists, the effort should focus on prevention of aspiration of foreign bodies instead. This article discusses several recent advances in the bronchoscopic management of congenital tracheal stenosis, pediatric airway stenting, and the use of different types of lasers in children. The lack of randomized clinical trials leaves pediatric interventional bronchoscopic procedures without much national or international standards or guidelines...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429202/-cilia-ultrastructural-and-gene-variation-of-primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-report-of-three-cases-and-literatures-review
#12
REVIEW
K Wang, X Chen, C Y Guo, F Q Liu, J R Wang, L F Sun
Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations, cilia ultrastructure and gene variations of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Methods: Analysis of three cases diagnosed as PCD by transmission electron microscopy of the endobronchial biopsy material in Division of Pediatric Pulmonology of Shandong Provincial Hospital between 2013 and 2016. Target gene sequence capture and next generation sequencing were used to analyze the gene. Related literatures on gene variation of PCD in Chinese were reviewed from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Human Gene Mutation Database, PubMed and CNKI up to July 2017 by using search terms of "PCD" , "gene" , "Chinese"...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395185/variation-in-part-time-work-among-pediatric-subspecialties
#13
Gary L Freed, Debra M Boyer, Kenton D Van, Michelle L Macy, Julie McCormick, Laurel K Leslie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the part-time workforce and average hours worked per week among pediatric subspecialists in the 15 medical subspecialties certified by the American Board of Pediatrics. STUDY DESIGN: We examined data from pediatric subspecialists who enrolled in Maintenance of Certification with the American Board of Pediatrics from 2009 to 2015. Data were collected via an online survey. Providers indicated whether they worked full time or part time and estimated the average number of hours worked per week in clinical, research, education, and administrative tasks, excluding time on call...
April 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381588/three-dimensional-printed-pediatric-airway-model-improves-novice-learners-flexible-bronchoscopy-skills-with-minimal-direct-teaching-from-faculty
#14
Emily M DeBoer, Jennifer Wagner, Miranda E Kroehl, Joseph Albietz, Robin Shandas, Robin R Deterding, Matthew J Rustici
INTRODUCTION: Training in pediatric flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is predominantly completed on patients. Early trainees are less accurate and slower than experienced bronchoscopists. This report describes the development of a three-dimensional printed airway model and describes how the model was used to teach learners basic FB skills. METHODS: Postgraduate year two (PGY2) pediatric residents completing a 1-month pediatric pulmonology rotation with minimal previous exposure to FB were randomized into a simulation trainee group (n = 18) or a control resident group (n = 9)...
January 29, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290744/antimicrobial-stewardship-program-using-plan-do-study-act-cycles-to-reduce-unjustified-antibiotic-prescribing-in-children-admitted-with-an-asthma-exacerbation
#15
Sasha E Dorzin, Claudia Halaby, Maria Lyn Quintos, Asif Noor, Gladys El-Chaar
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) ensure appropriate antibiotic use, reduce health care costs, and minimize antibiotic resistance. National asthma guidelines do not recommend antibiotics during an exacerbation unless the child has an infection or comorbidities. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) established a benchmark for unjustified antibiotic use at 6.6%.9 A retrospective study at our institution showed that 7.8% of antibiotics were prescribed without justification in children admitted for asthma...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213221/omalizumab-in-children-with-severe-allergic-asthma-the-italian-real-life-experience
#16
Amelia Licari, Riccardo Castagnoli, Chiara Denicolò, Linda Rossini, Manuela Seminara, Lucia Sacchi, Giorgia Testa, Mara De Amici, Gian Luigi Marseglia
Background: Anti-IgE treatment represents a major breakthrough in the therapeutic management of severe allergic asthma. To date, omalizumab is the only biological drug currently licensed as add-on therapy in children aged > 6 years with moderate-to-severe and severe allergic asthma uncontrolled after treatment with high dose of inhaled corticosteroids plus long-acting inhaled beta2-agonist. The clinical efficacy and safety of omalizumab treatment in the pediatric population has been extensively documented in specific trials and consistently expanded from real-life studies...
March 2017: Current Respiratory Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212624/clinical-indices-can-standardize-and-monitor-pediatric-care-a-novel-mechanism-to-improve-quality-and-safety
#17
Wallace Crandall, J Terrance Davis, Jennifer Dotson, Charles Elmaraghy, Mike Fetzer, Don Hayes, Edwin Horwitz, Amy Kogon, Randal Olshefski, Hiren Patel, Richard J Brilli
OBJECTIVE: The Cancer Care Index (CCI), a single metric that sums the number of undesirable patient events in a given time frame (either preventable harm events or missed opportunities to provide optimal care), resulted in a 42% improvement in performance. Our objective was to test the index concept in other service lines to determine whether similar performance improvement occurred. STUDY DESIGN: Care indices were developed and introduced in 3 additional service lines: Nephrology (Chronic Kidney Disease Care Index; CKDCI), Pulmonology (Lung Transplantation Care Index; LTCI), and Otolaryngology (Tracheostomy Care Index; TCI)...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172039/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-bronchiolitis-obliterans
#18
Edgar E Sarria, Eduardo Mundstock, Denise G Machado, Helena T Mocelin, Gilberto B Fischer, Silvana P Furlan, Ivan C F Antonello, Ricardo Stein, Rita Mattiello
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overall health-related quality of life in patients with bronchiolitis obliterans. METHODS: Participants with a diagnosis of post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO), who were being followed-up at two specialized outpatient clinics of Pediatric Pulmonology in Porto Alegre, Brazil, and controls aged between 8 and 17 years, of both genders, were included in the study. Controls were paired by gender, age, and socioeconomic level in relation to the group of participants with PIBO...
November 21, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925600/pediatric-pulmonology
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#20
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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