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fish oil and weight loss

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666380/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-blood-pressure-in-a-clinical-sample-of-overweight-adults
#1
Rhoda N Ndanuko, Linda C Tapsell, Karen E Charlton, Elizabeth P Neale, Marijka J Batterham
BACKGROUND: Dietary pattern analysis provides important evidence revealing diet-disease relationships. It may be especially useful in areas less well researched, such as diet and hypertension in clinical populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the association between dietary patterns and blood pressure (BP) in a sample of overweight adults volunteering for a clinical trial for weight loss. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis used baseline data from the HealthTrack study, a 12-month randomized controlled trial...
September 22, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660828/morphological-development-of-embryo-larvae-and-juvenile-in-yellowtail-kingfish-seriola-lalandi
#2
Sang Geun Yang, Sang Woo Hur, Seung Cheol Ji, Sang Gu Lim, Bong Seok Kim, Minhwan Jeong, Chi Hoon Lee, Young-Don Lee
This study monitored the morphological development of embryo, larvae and juvenile yellowtail kingfish, Seriola lalandi, for their aquaculture. The fertilized eggs obtained by natural spawning were spherical shape and buoyant. Fertilized eggs were transparent and had one oil globule in the yolk, with an egg diameter of 1.35 ± 0.04 mm and an oil globule diameter of 0.32 ± 0.02 mm. The fertilized eggs hatched 67-75 h after fertilization in water at 20 ± 0.5°C. The total length (TL) of the hatched larvae was 3...
June 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650250/effects-of-high-epa-and-high-dha-fish-oils-on-changes-in-signaling-associated-with-protein-metabolism-induced-by-hindlimb-suspension-in-rats
#3
Gabriel Nasri Marzuca-Nassr, Kaio Fernando Vitzel, Luís Gustavo De Sousa, Gilson M Murata, Amanda Rabello Crisma, Carlos Flores Rodrigues Junior, Phablo Abreu, Rosângela Pavan Torres, Jorge Mancini-Filho, Sandro M Hirabara, Philip Newsholme, Rui Curi
The effects of either eicosapentaenoic (EPA)- or docosahexaenoic (DHA)-rich fish oils on hindlimb suspension (HS)-induced muscle disuse atrophy were compared. Daily oral supplementations (0.3 mL/100 g b.w.) with mineral oil (MO) or high EPA or high DHA fish oils were performed in adult rats. After 2 weeks, the animals were subjected to HS for further 2 weeks. The treatments were maintained alongside HS At the end of 4 weeks, we evaluated: body weight gain, muscle mass and fat depots, composition of fatty acids, cross-sectional areas (CSA) of the soleus muscle and soleus muscle fibers, activities of cathepsin L and 26S proteasome, and content of carbonylated proteins in the soleus muscle...
September 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533934/effects-of-microalgal-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-oil-on-body-weight-and-lipid-accumulation-in-the-liver-of-c57bl-6-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#4
Ryeo-Eun Go, Kyung-A Hwang, Geon-Tae Park, Hae-Miru Lee, Geum-A Lee, Cho-Won Kim, So-Ye Jeon, Jeong-Woo Seo, Won-Kyung Hong, Kyung-Chul Choi
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which are abundant in marine fish oils, have recently received global attention for their prominent anti-obesogenic effects. Among PUFAs, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3), which are n-3 long-chain PUFAs widely referred to as omega-3 oils, were reported to prevent the development of obesity in rodents and humans. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-obesity effects of microalgal oil on high-fat induced obese C57BL/6 mice, compared with commercial omega-3 fish oil and vegetable corn oil...
May 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371113/defining-the-allometric-relationship-between-size-and-individual-fatty-acid-turnover-in-barramundi-lates-calcarifer
#5
Michael J Salini, David Poppi, Giovanni M Turchini, Brett D Glencross
An experiment was conducted with barramundi (Asian seabass; Lates calcarifer) to examine the allometric scaling effect of individual fatty acids. Six treatment size classes of fish were deprived of food for 21days (Treatment A, 10.5±0.13g; Treatment B, 19.2±0.11g; Treatment C, 28.3±0.05g; Treatment D, 122.4±0.10g; Treatment E, 217.6±0.36g; Treatment F, 443.7±1.48g; mean±SD) with each treatment comprising of fifteen fish, in triplicate. The assessment of somatic losses of whole-body energy and lipid were consistent with previous studies, validating the methodology to be extended to individual fatty acids...
November 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27041377/lifestyle-interventions-including-nutrition-exercise-and-supplements-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-children
#6
REVIEW
Jonathan A Africa, Kimberly P Newton, Jeffrey B Schwimmer
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease among children. Lifestyle interventions, such as diet and exercise, are frequently recommended. Children with NAFLD have a distinct physiology that is different from obesity alone and has the potential to influence lifestyle treatments. Studies of diet alone in the treatment of pediatric NAFLD have focused on sugar and carbohydrate, but did not indicate any one dietary approach that was superior to another. For children who are obese and have NAFLD, weight loss may have a beneficial effect regardless of the diet used...
May 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27016717/oleic-acid-hydroxytyrosol-and-n-3-fatty-acids-collectively-modulate-colitis-through-reduction-of-oxidative-stress-and-il-8-synthesis-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies
#7
K Vijay Kumar Reddy, K Akhilender Naidu
Our recent study has demonstrated that medium chain triglycerides (MCT) and monounsaturated fatty acids potentiate the beneficial effects of fish oil on risk factors of cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we have investigated the influence of MCT or olive oil on the protective and mucosal healing ability of fish oil in ulcerative colitis using cell simulation and animal models. Caco-2 cells grown in medium chain fatty acids enriched medium has exaggerated t-butyl hydroperoxide induced cell damage, GSH depletion, and IL-1β induced IL-8 synthesis, compared to the cells grown in oleic acid & hydroxytyrosol (OT) enriched medium...
June 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939043/fish-oil-supplementation-attenuates-changes-in-plasma-lipids-caused-by-dexamethasone-treatment-in-rats
#8
Amanda Marreiro Barbosa, Priscila de Cássia Francisco, Katia Motta, Thayz Rodrigues Chagas, Cristiane Dos Santos, Alex Rafacho, Everson Araújo Nunes
Dexamethasone is an anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid that may alter glucose and lipid homeostasis when administered in high doses or for long periods of time. Omega-3 fatty acids, present in fish oil (FO), can be used as potential modulators of intermediary glucose and lipid metabolism. Herein, we evaluate the effects of FO supplementation (1 g·kg(-1) body weight (BW)) on glucose and lipid metabolism in rats treated with dexamethasone (0.5 mg·kg(-1) BW) for 15 days. Adult male Wistar rats were distributed among 4 groups: control (saline, 1 mL·kg(-1) BW and mineral oil, 1 g·kg(-1) BW), DEX (dexamethasone and mineral oil), FO (fish oil and saline), and DFO (fish oil and dexamethasone)...
April 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26619658/-lifestyle-modifications
#9
Yuhei Kawano
Lifestyle modifications are important in the prevention and treatment of hypertension. The Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension (JSH2014) recommend salt reduction (< 6 g/day), increased intake of vegetables/fruit and fish (fish oil), reduced intake of cholesterol and saturated fatty acids, weight loss (body mass index < 25kg/m2), exercise (≥ 30 min/day), reduction of alcohol intake (≤ 20-30 mL/day in men, ≤ 10-20 mL/day in women as ethanol), and quitting smoking...
November 2015: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26571503/does-fish-oil-have-an-anti-obesity-effect-in-overweight-obese-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Shichun Du, Jie Jin, Wenjun Fang, Qing Su
CONTEXT: Accumulating evidence has suggested favorable effects of fish oil on weight loss in animal experiments; however, findings remain inconsistent in humans. OBJECTS: The meta-analysis was performed to investigate the influence of fish oil on some parameters of body composition in overweight/obese adults. DESIGN: Human randomized, placebo-controlled trials were identified by a systematic search of Embase, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, web of science and reference lists of related reviews and articles...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26526253/consumption-of-specific-foods-and-beverages-and-excess-weight-gain-among-children-and-adolescents
#11
Di Dong, Marcel Bilger, Rob M van Dam, Eric A Finkelstein
Efforts are under way to identify successful strategies to reduce long-term childhood obesity risk, such as ways to improve diet quality. To identify foods and beverages associated with excess weight gain, we used cohort data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children in the United Kingdom. We quantified the associations between changes in or levels of consumption of twenty-seven food and beverage groups and excess weight gain in three-year periods among youth ages 7-13. When we considered all dietary factors and physical activity levels simultaneously, we found that foods with the largest positive associations with three-year excess weight gain were fat spread (butter or margarine), coated (breaded or battered) poultry, potatoes cooked in oil (French fries, roasted potatoes, and potato chips), coated fish, processed meats, other meats, desserts and sweets, milk, and sugar-sweetened beverages...
November 2015: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26495116/metabolism-health-and-fillet-nutritional-quality-in-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-fed-diets-containing-n-3-rich-microalgae
#12
Katerina Kousoulaki, Tone-Kari Knutsdatter Østbye, Aleksei Krasnov, Jacob Seilø Torgersen, Turid Mørkøre, John Sweetman
Microalgae, as primary producers of EPA and DHA, are among the most prominent alternative sources to fish oil for n-3 long-chain PUFA in animal and human nutrition. The present study aimed to assess technical, nutritional and fish health aspects of producing n-3-rich Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fish fillets by dietary supplementation of increasing levels of a DHA-producing Schizochytrium sp. and reduced or without use of supplemental fish oil. Atlantic salmon smolt were fed diets with graded levels of microalgae for 12 weeks, during which all fish showed high feed intake rates with postprandial plasma leptin levels inversely correlating with final mean fish body weights...
2015: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26463349/omega-3-fatty-acids-mechanisms-of-benefit-and-therapeutic-effects-in-pediatric-and-adult-nafld
#13
REVIEW
Valerio Nobili, Anna Alisi, Giovanni Musso, Eleonora Scorletti, Philip C Calder, Christopher D Byrne
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is currently considered the most common liver disease in industrialized countries, and it is estimated that it will become the most frequent indication for liver transplantation in the next decade. NAFLD may be associated with moderate (i.e. steatosis) to severe (i.e. steatohepatitis and fibrosis) liver damage and affects all age groups. Furthermore, subjects with NAFLD may be at a greater risk of other obesity-related complications later in life, and people with obesity and obesity-related complications (e...
2016: Critical Reviews in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26457022/oily-fish-coffee-and-walnuts-dietary-treatment-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
REVIEW
Vikas Gupta, Xian-Jun Mah, Maria Carmela Garcia, Christina Antonypillai, David van der Poorten
Rates of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are increasing worldwide in tandem with the metabolic syndrome, with the progressive form of disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) likely to become the most common cause of end stage liver disease in the not too distant future. Lifestyle modification and weight loss remain the main focus of management in NAFLD and NASH, however, there has been growing interest in the benefit of specific foods and dietary components on disease progression, with some foods showing protective properties...
October 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26250365/films-based-on-protein-isolated-from-croaker-micropogonias-furnieri-and-palm-oil
#15
Shanise Lisie Mello El Halal, Elessandra da Rosa Zavareze, Meritaine da Rocha, Vânia Zanella Pinto, Michael Ramos Nunes, Márcia de Mello Luvielmo, Carlos Prentice
BACKGROUND: The microstructure and the physical, mechanical, barrier and thermal properties of films based on different concentrations of protein isolated from croaker waste (CPI) and palm oil (PO) were analyzed. Films were elaborated by a casting technique using 2, 3 and 4 g CPI 100 g(-1) of a filmogenic solution and 0, 10 and 20 g of PO 100 g(-1) CPI. RESULT: Microstructure of the film surfaces of CPI with PO showed no presence of lipid droplets dispersed in the filmogenic matrix, although a rough surface was present...
May 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26136410/improved-body-weight-and-performance-status-and-reduced-serum-pge2-levels-after-nutritional-intervention-with-a-specific-medical-food-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-esophageal-cancer-or-adenocarcinoma-of-the-gastro-esophageal-junction
#16
Joyce Faber, Madeleen J Uitdehaag, Manon Spaander, Sabine van Steenbergen-Langeveld, Paul Vos, Marloes Berkhout, Cor Lamers, Hans Rümke, Hugo Tilanus, Peter Siersema, Ardy van Helvoort, Ate van der Gaast
BACKGROUND: The majority of cancer patients loses weight and becomes malnourished during the course of their disease. Metabolic alterations and reduced immune competence lead to wasting and an increased risk of infectious complications. In the present study, the effect of a nutritionally complete medical food, which is high in protein and leucine and enriched with fish oil and specific oligosaccharides, was investigated on immune function, nutritional status, and inflammation in patients with esophageal cancer and compared with routine care...
March 2015: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25994567/fish-oil-derived-n-3-pufa-therapy-increases-muscle-mass-and-function-in-healthy-older-adults
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gordon I Smith, Sophie Julliand, Dominic N Reeds, David R Sinacore, Samuel Klein, Bettina Mittendorfer
BACKGROUND: Age-associated declines in muscle mass and function are major risk factors for an impaired ability to carry out activities of daily living, falls, prolonged recovery time after hospitalization, and mortality in older adults. New strategies that can slow the age-related loss of muscle mass and function are needed to help older adults maintain adequate performance status to reduce these risks and maintain independence. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of fish oil-derived n-3 (ω-3) PUFA therapy to slow the age-associated loss of muscle mass and function...
July 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25797259/skeletal-muscle-atrophy-is-attenuated-in-tumor-bearing-mice-under-chemotherapy-by-treatment-with-fish-oil-and-selenium
#18
Hang Wang, Tsung-Lin Li, Simon Hsia, I-Li Su, Yi-Lin Chan, Chang-Jer Wu
Chemotherapy can cause cachexia, which is manifested by weight loss, inflammation and muscle atrophy. However, the mechanisms of tumor and chemotherapy on skeletal muscle proteolysis, remained unclear. In this report, we demonstrated that tumor-induced myostatin in turn induced TNF-α, thus activating calcium-dependent and proteasomal protein degradation. Chemotherapy activated myostatin-mediated proteolysis and muscle atrophy by elevating IL-6. In tumor-bearing mice under chemotherapy, supplementation with fish oil and selenium prevented a rise in IL-6, TNF-α and myostatin and muscle atrophy...
April 10, 2015: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25489802/supplementation-with-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-experimental-tacrolimus-induced-nephrotoxicity
#19
Marcelo Bandeira Fernandes, Heloisa Cristina Caldas, Lais Dumbra Toloni, Maria Alice Sperto Ferreira Baptista, Ida Maria Maximina Fernandes, Mario Abbud-Filho
OBJECTIVES: Calcineurin inhibitors are effective immunosuppressive agents, but associated adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity may limit efficacy. Dietary fish oil may minimize nephrotoxicity caused by long-term use of calcineurin inhibitors. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity in rats that had normal kidney function or chronic kidney failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats that had normal kidney function or chronic renal failure that was induced by mass reduction surgery were treated with tacrolimus without or with fish oil, fish oil alone, or olive oil...
December 2014: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25195547/effects-of-n-3-fish-oil-on-metabolic-and-histological-parameters-in-nash-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Curtis K Argo, James T Patrie, Carolin Lackner, Thomas D Henry, Eduard E de Lange, Arthur L Weltman, Neeral L Shah, Abdullah M Al-Osaimi, Patcharin Pramoonjago, Saumya Jayakumar, Lukas P Binder, Winsor D Simmons-Egolf, Sandra G Burks, Yongde Bao, Ann Gill Taylor, Jessica Rodriguez, Stephen H Caldwell
BACKGROUND & AIMS: This study's aim was to assess the histological and metabolic effects of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) vs. placebo while adjusting for the impact of age and weight change in NASH patients. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00681408). METHODS: Forty-one subjects with non-cirrhotic NASH were enrolled, and 34 completed the study. 17 received n-3 fish oil 3000 mg/day and 17 received placebo daily for 1 year with typical counselling on caloric intake and physical activity for all subjects...
January 2015: Journal of Hepatology
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