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fish oil and weight loss

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907343/dietary-supplement-use-in-a-large-representative-sample-of-the-us-armed-forces
#1
Joseph J Knapik, Krista G Austin, Emily K Farina, Harris R Lieberman
BACKGROUND: Dietary supplement (DS) use is prevalent among the US Armed Forces personnel, but representative cross-service comparisons and characteristics of personnel using DSs are limited. OBJECTIVE: Examine DS use and characteristics associated with use in a representative sample of US Armed Forces personnel (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard) using data from the 2011 Department of Defense Survey of Health-Related Behaviors. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A stratified random sample of service members (SMs) was contacted and asked to complete a questionnaire assessing personal characteristics and DS use...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870875/fish-oil-ameliorates-sickness-behavior-induced-by-lipopolysaccharide-in-aged-mice-through-the-modulation-of-kynurenine-pathway
#2
Marcelo Gomes de Gomes, Leandro Cattelan Souza, André Rossito Goes, Lucian Del Fabbro, Carlos Borges Filho, Franciele Donato, Marina Prigol, Cristiane Luchese, Silvane Souza Roman, Robson Luiz Puntel, Silvana Peterini Boeira, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse
Sickness behavior is an expression of a central motivational state triggered by activation of the immune system, being considered a strategy of the organism to fight infection. Sickness behavior is induced by peripheral administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS can increase the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, which induce the activation of the kynurenine pathway (KP) and behavioral alterations. Previous studies have shown that omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) has anti-inflammatory properties...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588983/ketogenic-diet-for-treatment-of-intractable-epilepsy-in-adults-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#3
REVIEW
Hongyan Liu, Yi Yang, Yunbing Wang, Hong Tang, Fan Zhang, Yong Zhang, Yong Zhao
The ketogenic diet (KD) is an effective treatment for children with drug-resistant epilepsy and has been widely used in young children. Adult patients with intractable epilepsy would also benefit from this dietary treatment. However, only a few studies have been published, and the use of the KD in intractable epilepsy in adults has been limited. This meta-analysis summarized the findings of the relevant published studies to identify the efficacy of the KD for the treatment of intractable epilepsy in adults...
March 2018: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079060/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-may-prevent-loss-of-gray-matter-thickness-in-the-left-parieto-occipital-cortex-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-secondary-outcome-analysis-of-the-offer-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Tomasz Pawełczyk, Ewa Piątkowska-Janko, Piotr Bogorodzki, Piotr Gębski, Marta Grancow-Grabka, Elżbieta Trafalska, Natalia Żurner, Agnieszka Pawełczyk
The aim of the study was to assess changes in cortical thickness related to the use of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) as add-on therapy in patients with first episode schizophrenia. A double-blind randomized controlled study was conducted using a 26-week intervention composed of concentrated fish oil containing 2.2g/d of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or placebo (olive oil). Participants underwent MRI scanning twice to assess changes in cortical thickness: at the beginning and at the end of intervention...
May 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887275/ffa4-gpr120-as-a-fatty-acid-sensor-involved-in-appetite-control-insulin-sensitivity-and-inflammation-regulation
#5
REVIEW
Dong-Soon Im
Unsaturated long-chain fatty acids have been suggested to be beneficial in the context of cardiovascular disorders based in epidemiologic studies conducted in Greenland and Mediterranean. DHA and EPA are omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids that are plentiful in fish oil, and oleic acid is an omega-9 monounsaturated fatty acid, rich in olive oil. Dietary intake of these unsaturated long-chain fatty acids have been associated with insulin sensitivity and weight loss, which contrasts with the impairment of insulin sensitivity and weight gain associated with high intakes of saturated long-chain fatty acids...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869586/alterations-in-fatty-acid-metabolism-in-response-to-obesity-surgery-combined-with-dietary-counseling
#6
P Walle, M Takkunen, V Männistö, M Vaittinen, P Käkelä, J Ågren, U Schwab, J Lindström, J Tuomilehto, M Uusitupa, J Pihlajamäki
BACKGROUND: The effects of obesity surgery on serum and adipose tissue fatty acid (FA) profile and FA metabolism may modify the risk of obesity-related diseases. METHODS: We measured serum (n=122) and adipose tissue (n=24) FA composition and adipose tissue mRNA expression of genes regulating FA metabolism (n=100) in participants of the Kuopio Obesity Surgery Study (KOBS, age 47.2±8.7 years, BMI 44.6±6.0, 40 men, 82 women) before and one year after obesity surgery...
September 4, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859525/influence-of-essential-oils-in-diet-and-life-stage-on-gut-microbiota-and-fillet-quality-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#7
Florencia Ceppa, Filippo Faccenda, Carlotta De Filippo, Davide Albanese, Massimo Pindo, Roberta Martelli, Paola Marconi, Fernando Lunelli, Francesca Fava, Giuliana Parisi
Developing fish farming to meet the demands of food security and sustainability in the 21st century will require new farming systems and improved feeds. Diet and microbe interactions in the gut is an important variable with the potential to make a significant impact on future fish farming diets and production systems. It was monitored the gut microbiota of farmed rainbow trout using 16S rRNA profiling over 51 weeks during standard rearing conditions and feeding diet with supplementation of an essential oils (MixOil) mixture from plants (at a concentration in diet of 200 mg/kg)...
May 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805928/effects-of-dietary-fish-oil-supplementation-on-performance-meat-quality-and-cecal-fermentation-of-growing-rabbits
#8
M Rodríguez, M D Carro, V Valiente, N Formoso-Rafferty, P G Rebollar
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with fish oil on growth performance (during all fatening period), carcass characteristics and fatty acid (FA) profile of muscle and fat tissues (at slaughter), as well as cecal fermentation and ileal mucosa morphology of growing rabbits (at 30, 45, and 60 d of age). Two isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets, only differing in their fat source, were formulated and provided each to 24 does (12 per diet) and their offspring during pregnancy and lactation...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800645/analysis-of-endogenous-lipids-during-intestinal-wound-healing
#9
Yunna Lee, Jieun Choo, Su Jin Kim, Gwangbeom Heo, Charalabos Pothoulakis, Yong-Hak Kim, Eunok Im
Intestinal wound healing is a new therapeutic goal for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as complete healing of the mucosa is the key element of clinical remission in IBD. Previous studies showed that termination of inflammation can be achieved by adding pro-resolving lipids like DHA and EPA exogenously. However, the roles of these lipids in mucosal healing have not been investigated. To recapitulate intestinal healing process, mice were received dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) for 7 days in the drinking water followed by regular tap water for 5 additional days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800398/a-13-week-low-glycemic-load-diet-and-lifestyle-modification-program-combining-low-glycemic-load-protein-shakes-and-targeted-nutraceuticals-improved-weight-loss-and-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors
#10
Clinton J Dahlberg, Joseph J Ou, John G Babish, Joseph J Lamb, Sarah Eliason, Holly Brabazon, Wei Gao, Mohan R Kaadige, Matthew L Tripp
An open-label, randomized, exploratory study of 44 healthy overweight subjects with cardio-metabolic syndrome (CMS) risk factors was conducted to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of a proprietary lifestyle modification program without (DIET) and with (PROG) targeted nutraceutical supplementation, including phytosterols, antioxidants, probiotics, fish oil, berberine, and soy, pea, and whey proteins over 13 weeks. Key metrics were recorded at baseline and weeks 9 and 13. For the DIET and PROG groups, compliance was 85% and 86%, respectively, with no adverse events related to the diet or supplements...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763949/physical-and-oxidative-stability-of-fish-oil-in-water-emulsions-fortified-with-enzymatic-hydrolysates-from-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-roe
#11
Sakhi Ghelichi, Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen, Pedro J García-Moreno, Mona Hajfathalian, Charlotte Jacobsen
Physical and oxidative stability of 5% (by weight) cod liver oil-in-water emulsions fortified with common carp (C. carpio) roe protein hydrolysate (CRPH) were examined. CRPH was obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of discarded roe by using Alcalase 2.4L for 30, 60, 90, and 120min to yield different degrees of hydrolysis (DH). All the hydrolysates showed in vitro antioxidant activity in terms of radical scavenging and chelating properties. CRPH-containing emulsions had significantly smaller droplets than control (p<0...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720946/effect-of-partial-replacement-of-porcine-fat-with-pre-emulsified-soybean-oil-using-fish-protein-isolate-as-emulsifier-on-characteristic-of-sausage
#12
Nopparat Cheetangdee
Partial replacement of animal fats with n-3 rich oils is a promising way to improve nutritive value of meat products. In the present work, the effects of porcine fat substitution with soybean oil (SBO) on characteristics of sausages were studied at the oil substitution levels of 25, 35, and 45% by weight of porcine fat. SBO was introduced to the sausages alternatively in native or pre-emulsified forms, the latter with fish protein isolate (FPI) or Na-caseinate (Nc) as emulsifier. Characteristics of the sausages, including cooking loss, water holding capacity, texture attributes, microstructure, and color, were then determined...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578704/dietary-supplementation-with-n-3-fatty-acids-in-patients-with-pancreatic-cancer-and-cachexia-marine-phospholipids-versus-fish-oil-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kristin Werner, Daniela Küllenberg de Gaudry, Lenka A Taylor, Tobias Keck, Clemens Unger, Ulrich T Hopt, Ulrich Massing
BACKGROUND: Like many other cancer patients, most pancreatic carcinoma patients suffer from severe weight loss. As shown in numerous studies with fish oil (FO) supplementation, a minimum daily intake of 1.5 g n-3-fatty acids (n-3-FA) contributes to weight stabilization and improvement of quality of life (QoL) of cancer patients. Given n-3-FA not as triglycerides (FO), but mainly bound to marine phospholipids (MPL), weight stabilization and improvement of QoL has already been seen at much lower doses of n-3-FA (0,3 g), and MPL were much better tolerated...
June 2, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521334/lifestyle-recommendations-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-an-international-panel-recommendation
#14
Pablo Pérez-Martínez, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Vasilios G Athyros, Mónica Bullo, Patrick Couture, María I Covas, Lawrence de Koning, Javier Delgado-Lista, Andrés Díaz-López, Christian A Drevon, Ramón Estruch, Katherine Esposito, Montserrat Fitó, Marta Garaulet, Dario Giugliano, Antonio García-Ríos, Niki Katsiki, Genovefa Kolovou, Benoît Lamarche, Maria Ida Maiorino, Guillermo Mena-Sánchez, Araceli Muñoz-Garach, Dragana Nikolic, José M Ordovás, Francisco Pérez-Jiménez, Manfredi Rizzo, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Helmut Schröder, Francisco J Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Ben van Ommen, Suzan Wopereis, Emilio Ros, José López-Miranda
The importance of metabolic syndrome (MetS) lies in its associated risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, as well as other harmful conditions such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In this report, the available scientific evidence on the associations between lifestyle changes and MetS and its components is reviewed to derive recommendations for MetS prevention and management. Weight loss through an energy-restricted diet together with increased energy expenditure through physical activity contribute to the prevention and treatment of MetS...
May 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394396/effects-of-immunomodulatory-nutrients-on-growth-performance-and-immune-related-gene-expression-in-layer-chicks-challenged-with-lipopolysaccharide
#15
E L Wils-Plotz, K C Klasing
Immunomodulatory nutrients alter the immune response to pathogens. This study was conducted to determine the effects of immunomodulatory nutrients on the immune response to a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge of layer chicks fed supplemental corn oil (control; 3%), fish oil (3%), conjugated linoleic acid (CLA; 1%), lutein (0.05 g/kg), or vitamin E (90 I.U./ kg). Four-week-old layer chicks were allotted to 10 treatment groups arranged as a 2 × 5 factorial with 2 sexes and 5 dietary treatments (TRT; 5 replicate pens of 2 male and 2 female chicks per TRT)...
March 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371239/the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-as-the-diet-of-choice-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-evidence-and-plausible-mechanisms
#16
REVIEW
Shira Zelber-Sagi, Federico Salomone, Liat Mlynarsky
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a major global health burden, leading to increased risk for cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Lifestyle intervention aiming at weight reduction is the most established treatment. However, changing the dietary composition even without weight loss can also reduce steatosis and improve metabolic alterations as insulin resistance and lipid profile. The Mediterranean diet (MD) pattern has been proposed as appropriate for this goal, and was recommended as the diet of choice for the treatment of NAFLD by the EASL-EASD-EASO Clinical Practice Guidelines...
July 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666380/associations-between-dietary-patterns-and-blood-pressure-in-a-clinical-sample-of-overweight-adults
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Rhoda N Ndanuko, Linda C Tapsell, Karen E Charlton, Elizabeth P Neale, Marijka J Batterham
BACKGROUND: Dietary pattern analysis provides important evidence revealing diet-disease relationships. It may be especially useful in areas less well researched, such as diet and hypertension in clinical populations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the association between dietary patterns and blood pressure (BP) in a sample of overweight adults volunteering for a clinical trial for weight loss. DESIGN: This cross-sectional analysis used baseline data from the HealthTrack study, a 12-month randomized controlled trial...
February 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660828/morphological-development-of-embryo-larvae-and-juvenile-in-yellowtail-kingfish-seriola-lalandi
#18
Sang Geun Yang, Sang Woo Hur, Seung Cheol Ji, Sang Gu Lim, Bong Seok Kim, Minhwan Jeong, Chi Hoon Lee, Young-Don Lee
This study monitored the morphological development of embryo, larvae and juvenile yellowtail kingfish, Seriola lalandi, for their aquaculture. The fertilized eggs obtained by natural spawning were spherical shape and buoyant. Fertilized eggs were transparent and had one oil globule in the yolk, with an egg diameter of 1.35 ± 0.04 mm and an oil globule diameter of 0.32 ± 0.02 mm. The fertilized eggs hatched 67-75 h after fertilization in water at 20 ± 0.5°C. The total length (TL) of the hatched larvae was 3...
June 2016: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650250/effects-of-high-epa-and-high-dha-fish-oils-on-changes-in-signaling-associated-with-protein-metabolism-induced-by-hindlimb-suspension-in-rats
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Gabriel Nasri Marzuca-Nassr, Kaio Fernando Vitzel, Luís Gustavo De Sousa, Gilson M Murata, Amanda Rabello Crisma, Carlos Flores Rodrigues Junior, Phablo Abreu, Rosângela Pavan Torres, Jorge Mancini-Filho, Sandro M Hirabara, Philip Newsholme, Rui Curi
The effects of either eicosapentaenoic (EPA)- or docosahexaenoic (DHA)-rich fish oils on hindlimb suspension (HS)-induced muscle disuse atrophy were compared. Daily oral supplementations (0.3 mL/100 g b.w.) with mineral oil (MO) or high EPA or high DHA fish oils were performed in adult rats. After 2 weeks, the animals were subjected to HS for further 2 weeks. The treatments were maintained alongside HS At the end of 4 weeks, we evaluated: body weight gain, muscle mass and fat depots, composition of fatty acids, cross-sectional areas (CSA) of the soleus muscle and soleus muscle fibers, activities of cathepsin L and 26S proteasome, and content of carbonylated proteins in the soleus muscle...
September 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533934/effects-of-microalgal-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-oil-on-body-weight-and-lipid-accumulation-in-the-liver-of-c57bl-6-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#20
Ryeo-Eun Go, Kyung-A Hwang, Geon-Tae Park, Hae-Miru Lee, Geum-A Lee, Cho-Won Kim, So-Ye Jeon, Jeong-Woo Seo, Won-Kyung Hong, Kyung-Chul Choi
Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which are abundant in marine fish oils, have recently received global attention for their prominent anti-obesogenic effects. Among PUFAs, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3), which are n-3 long-chain PUFAs widely referred to as omega-3 oils, were reported to prevent the development of obesity in rodents and humans. In the present study, we evaluated the anti-obesity effects of microalgal oil on high-fat induced obese C57BL/6 mice, compared with commercial omega-3 fish oil and vegetable corn oil...
May 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
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