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Pain after arthroplasty

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452296/development-and-persistence-of-suspected-neuropathic-pain-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-individuals-with-osteoarthritis
#1
Matthew Fitzsimmons, Eloise Carr, Linda Woodhouse, Geoff P Bostick
BACKGROUND: Despite the effectiveness of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for osteoarthritis (OA), up to 20% will report knee pain 1-year after surgery. One possible reason is the development of neuropathic pain before or after TKA. OBJECTIVE: To longitudinally describe suspected neuropathic pain in patients pre- and post-TKA and to explore relationships between pre-TKA suspected neuropathic pain and post-TKA outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective observational study...
February 13, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442160/peri-articular-injection-of-an-analgesic-mixture-in-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-an-effective-strategy-for-pain-control-during-the-first-post-operative-day
#2
Maria Bautista, Meilyn Muskus, Adolfo Llinás, Guillermo Bonilla, Carlos Guerrero, Jairo Moyano
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of soft tissue infiltration in hip arthroplasty present variable results. The purpose of this study is to identify whether injection of an analgesic mixture improves pain management during the immediate post-operative period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study compared 129 patients that received peri-articular soft tissue injection with 20 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine and 2 ml of ketorolac (30 mg/1 ml) in 28 ml of saline solution, with 71 patients who did not received injections...
February 13, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439328/impact-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-with-general-anesthesia-on-brain-networks-cognitive-efficiency-and-ventricular-volume-predict-functional-connectivity-decline-in-older-adults
#3
Haiqing Huang, Jared Tanner, Hari Parvataneni, Mark Rice, Ann Horgas, Mingzhou Ding, Catherine Price
 Using resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI), we explored: 1) pre- to post-operative changes in functional connectivity in default mode, salience, and central executive networks after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with general anesthesia, and 2) the contribution of cognitive/brain reserve metrics these resting state functional declines. Individuals age 60 and older electing unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA; n = 48) and non-surgery peers with osteoarthritis (n = 45) completed baseline cognitive testing and baseline and post-surgery (post-baseline, 48-h post-surgery) brain MRI...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437057/three-groups-of-dissatisfied-patients-exist-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-early-persistent-and-late
#4
N D Clement, M Bardgett, D Weir, J Holland, C Gerrand, D J Deehan
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to assess whether patient satisfaction one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) changed with longer follow-up. The secondary aims were to identify predictors of satisfaction at one year, persistence of patient dissatisfaction, and late onset dissatisfaction in patients that were originally satisfied at one year. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort consisting of 1369 patients undergoing a primary TKA for osteoarthritis that had not undergone revision were identified from an established arthroplasty database...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433646/outcomes-of-trabecular-metal-backed-glenoid-components-in-anatomic-total-shoulder-arthroplasty
#5
Scott T Watson, Garland K Gudger, Catherine D Long, John M Tokish, Stefan J Tolan
BACKGROUND: As glenoid failure is one of the primary causes of failure of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), Trabecular Metal-backed glenoid components have become popular. This study reports implant survival and clinical outcomes of patients who received a Trabecular Metal-backed glenoid component during primary anatomic TSA. METHODS: Patients who underwent TSA with a Trabecular Metal-backed glenoid component by a single surgeon were identified and reviewed for clinical, radiographic, and patient-reported outcome measures with a minimum of 2 years' follow-up...
March 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430495/a-comparison-of-the-postoperative-complications-between-two-drainage-methods-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#6
Fardin Mirzatolooei, Ali Tabrizi, Maryamsadat Mokaram Gargari
Background: The role of wound drainage after total knee arthroplasty is still considered controversial as although closed drainage systems have been believed to be effective in decreasing the post-operative complications, they could also facilitate the bleeding and increase the rate of transfusion and infection. We have conducted the current study to compare the outcomes superficial subcutaneous, one deep, and two deep drain techniques after total knee arthroplasty. Methods: Between 2014 and 2015 sixty consecutive patients were prospectively selected and underwent primary total knee arthroplasty...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428245/sick-leave-after-surgery-for-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-a-population-based-study
#7
Jennifer Moriatis Wolf, Isam Atroshi, Caddie Zhou, Jon Karlsson, Martin Englund
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing surgery for thumb carpometacarpal (CMC1) osteoarthritis often require sick leave owing to postoperative immobilization, pain, and decreased function. Our goal was to evaluate the amount of sick leave after surgery for 2 common CMC1 arthroplasty procedures. METHODS: Using registry data from the Skåne region of southern Sweden, cross-linked with employment data showing person-specific sick leave, 2 cohorts of CMC1 surgical patients, between ages 40 and 59 years, were examined...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424234/osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-of-the-knee-in-patients-with-an-elevated-body-mass-index
#8
Dean Wang, Brian J Rebolledo, David M Dare, Mollyann D Pais, Matthew R Cohn, Kristofer J Jones, Riley J Williams
Objective To characterize the graft survivorship and clinical outcomes of osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCA) of the knee in patients with an elevated body mass index (BMI). Design Prospective data on 38 consecutive patients with a BMI ≥30 kg/m2 treated with OCA from 2000 to 2015 were reviewed. Complications, reoperations, and patient responses to validated outcome measures were examined. Failures were defined by any removal/revision of the allograft or conversion to arthroplasty. Results Thirty-one knees in 31 patients (mean age, 35...
February 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424145/-mid-term-follow-up-study-of-hip-arthroplasty-for-internal-fixation-failure-of-femoral-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-the-elderly
#9
Qi-Cai Sun, Xuan-Liang Ru, Zhi-Gang Qian, Li-Dong Wu, Shi-Gui Yan, Xiang-Hua Wang
OBJECTIVE: To retrospective analysis the mid-term follow-up effect of hip joint replacement in elderly patients with failure of intertrochanteric fractures of the hip joint internal fixation. METHODS: From December 2008 to December 2011, 32 elderly patients underwent arthroplasty after intertrochanteric fracture fixation failure, of which, 4 death cases were excluded from the study, and the remaining 28 cases were in the study group. The age of patients ranged from 69 to 83 years old with a mean of 75 years old...
July 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423252/extracapsular-local-infiltration-analgesia-in-hip-arthroscopy-a-retrospective-study
#10
Matthew T Philippi, Timothy L Kahn, Temitope F Adeyemi, Travis G Maak, Stephen K Aoki
Many hip arthroscopy patients experience significant pain in the immediate postoperative period. Although peripheral nerve blocks have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating some of this pain, they come with significant costs. Local infiltration analgesia (LIA) may be a significantly cheaper and efficacious treatment modality. Although LIA has been well studied in hip and knee arthroplasty, its efficacy in hip arthroscopy is unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study is to determine the efficacy of a single extracapsular injection of bupivacaine-epinephrine during hip arthroscopy in reducing the rate of elective postoperative femoral nerve blocks...
January 2018: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419667/comparison-of-intravenous-and-oral-acetaminophen-for-pain-control-after-total-knee-and-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Lixin Sun, Xiaopei Zhu, Jianhong Zou, Yongchun Li, Wei Han
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy between intravenous and oral acetaminophen as adjunct to multimodal analgesia regimens for pain management after total knee and hip arthroplasties. METHODS: We conduct electronic searches of Medline (1966-2017.09), PubMed (1966-2017.09), Embase (1980-2017.09), ScienceDirect (1985-2017.09), and the Cochrane Library. Only randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are included. The quality assessment is performed according to the Cochrane systematic review method...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419468/disparities-in-outcomes-for-blacks-versus-whites-undergoing-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Bella Y Mehta, Anne R Bass, Rie Goto, Linda A Russell, Michael L Parks, Mark P Figgie, Susan M Goodman
OBJECTIVE: Total hip replacement (THA) surgery is a successful procedure, yet blacks in the United States undergo THA less often and reflect poorer outcomes than whites. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature on health-related quality of life after THA, comparing blacks and whites. METHODS: A librarian-assisted search was performed in Medline through PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library on February 27, 2017. Original cohort studies examining pain, function, and satisfaction in blacks and whites 1 year after elective THA were included...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416322/quality-of-life-and-psychological-consequences-in-elderly-patients-after-a-hip-fracture-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Konstantinos I Alexiou, Andreas Roushias, Sokratis E Varitimidis, Konstantinos N Malizos
Fractures due to fragility of the bone around the hip joint have become a major public health issue, presenting with an increasing incidence due to the growth of the elderly population. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the impact of hip fractures on the quality of life (QoL), health status (HS), functioning, and psychological parameters, and factors influencing the outcome and the appropriate interventions for improvement of elderly patients. A systematic electronic search of the relevant literature was carried out using the CINAHL, Cochrane, EMBASE, Medline (OvidSP), and PubMed databases spanning the time period from their establishment up to January 2017...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410581/the-effects-of-proprioception-exercise-with-and-without-visual-feedback-on-the-pain-and-balance-in-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#14
Hyung-Taek Oh, Gak Hwangbo
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the effects of proprioception exercise to decrease pain and increase the ability to balance by implementing visual feedback during early rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, 24 patients who receive a total knee arthroplasty were randomly and equally assigned to a visual feedback training group (VFT group) and a visual disuse group (Control group). They performed visual feedback training using the My Fitness Trainer (MFT, Austria) for 20 minutes, three times per week for eight weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409817/botulinum-toxin-treatment-of-pain-syndromes-an-evidence-based-review
#15
Yasaman Safarpour, Bahman Jabbari
This review evaluates the existing level of evidence for efficacy of BoNTs in different pain syndromes using the recommended efficacy criteria from the Assessment and Therapeutic Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. There is a level A evidence (effective) for BoNT therapy in post-herpetic neuralgia, trigeminal neuralgia, and posttraumatic neuralgia. There is a level B evidence (probably effective) for diabetic neuropathy, plantar fasciitis, piriformis syndrome, pain associated with total knee arthroplasty, male pelvic pain syndrome, chronic low back pain, male pelvic pain, and neuropathic pain secondary to traumatic spinal cord injury...
January 31, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409414/postoperative-infection-related-with-the-total-elbow-arthroplasty-kudo-s-prosthesis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Michio Minami, Makoto Kondo, Yasuhiko Nishio, Koji Suzuki, Sadatoshi Kato, Sumito Kawamura, Hiroyuki Kato, Akio Minami
BACKGROUND: Total Elbow Arthroplasty (TEA) for the rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been popularized since 1980s. The outcomes of TEA using any type of implant design for RA has been satisfactory. On the other hand, many orthopedicians experience several postoperative complications. Among them, postoperative infection has still being the most troublesome and difficult to treat. This study is to clarify the causes of postoperative infection of TEA using Kudo's prosthesis for RA and discuss how to manage and prevent infection...
March 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406343/intermediate-term-hip-survivorship-and-patient-reported-outcomes-of-periacetabular-osteotomy-the-washington-university-experience
#17
Joel Wells, Perry Schoenecker, Stephen Duncan, Charles W Goss, Kayla Thomason, John C Clohisy
BACKGROUND: The Bernese periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an alternative to arthroplasty for treating symptomatic acetabular dysplasia, but there have been few studies on the intermediate-term outcomes of this procedure. In the present study, we assessed intermediate-term hip survival and patient-reported outcomes of PAO used to treat symptomatic acetabular dysplasia. METHODS: From July 1994 to August 2008, 238 hips (206 patients) were treated with PAO. Sixty-two had a diagnosis other than classic acetabular dysplasia, and 22 were lost to follow-up...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398396/radiocapitellar-prosthetic-arthroplasty-short-term-to-midterm-results-of-19-elbows
#18
Amir R Kachooei, Nicole A M Heesakkers, Andras Heijink, Bertram The, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: Few studies have discussed the short-term results of radiocapitellar (RC) prosthetic arthroplasty (PA). In this study, we assessed the short-term to midterm functional and radiographic results of elbows after RC PA. Our secondary aim was to assess the survival of the RC PA. METHODS: We included 19 elbows in 18 patients with a mean follow-up of 35 months (range, 12-88 months). Patients were examined for instability and range of motion and were assessed using Mayo Elbow Performance Index and Oxford Elbow Score at any subsequent visits...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398395/quantifying-success-after-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-the-substantial-clinical-benefit
#19
Ryan Simovitch, Pierre-Henri Flurin, Thomas Wright, Joseph D Zuckerman, Christopher P Roche
BACKGROUND: An understanding of the substantial clinical benefit (SCB) after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) may help to gauge a minimum threshold beyond which a patient perceives his or her outcome as being substantially better. This study quantifies SCB for 7 outcome metrics and active motion measurements after shoulder arthroplasty and determines how these values vary based on prosthesis type, patient age at surgery, sex, and length of follow-up. METHODS: A total of 1,568 shoulder arthroplasties with 2-year minimum follow-up were performed by 13 shoulder surgeons and enrolled in a multicenter registry...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398260/infection-following-total-joint-arthroplasty-is-the-main-cause-of-litigation-data-from-one-metropolitan-area
#20
Michael M Kheir, Alexander J Rondon, Alexandra Woolsey, Heather Hansen, Timothy L Tan, Javad Parvizi
BACKGROUND: A prior survey of members of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons revealed that 78% of responding surgeons were named as a defendant in at least 1 lawsuit, and 69% of these lawsuits were dismissed or settled out of court. The most common sources of litigation were nerve injury, limb-length discrepancy, and infection. This study examined common reasons for lawsuits after total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in a single metropolitan area. METHODS: A retrospective review of lawsuits filed between 2009 and 2015 in a 5-county metropolitan area was performed, including 30 hospitals and 113 TJA surgeons...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
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