keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neighborhood health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628701/trends-in-receipt-of-buprenorphine-and-naltrexone-for-opioid-use-disorder-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-2001-2014
#1
Scott E Hadland, J Frank Wharam, Mark A Schuster, Fang Zhang, Jeffrey H Samet, Marc R Larochelle
Importance: Opioid use disorder (OUD) frequently begins in adolescence and young adulthood. Intervening early with pharmacotherapy is recommended by major professional organizations. No prior national studies have examined the extent to which adolescents and young adults (collectively termed youth) with OUD receive pharmacotherapy. Objective: To identify time trends and disparities in receipt of buprenorphine and naltrexone among youth with OUD in the United States...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627321/diabetes-knowledge-management-and-prevention-among-haitian-immigrants-in-philadelphia
#2
Rhoda K Moise, Donaldson F Conserve, Bilikisu Elewonibi, Lori A Francis, Rhonda BeLue
Purpose Guided by the PEN-3 Cultural Model, the purpose of this study is to generate culturally framed insight into diabetes knowledge, management, and prevention among Haitians. Despite the disproportionate distribution of type II diabetes mellitus among US minorities, limited research explores outcomes within racial ethnic groups. It is particularly important to disaggregate the large racial-ethnic groups of black given the population growth among foreign-born blacks, such as Haitians, whose population has more than quadrupled in recent decades...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615949/contextual-effects-of-neighborhoods-and-schools-on-adolescent-and-young-adult-marijuana-use-in-the-united-states
#3
Carly E Milliren, Tracy K Richmond, Clare R Evans, Erin C Dunn, Renee M Johnson
Little is known about the unique contribution of schools vs neighborhoods in driving adolescent marijuana use. This study examined the relative contribution of each setting and the influence of school and neighborhood socioeconomic status on use. We performed a series of cross-classified multilevel logistic models predicting past 30-day adolescent (N = 18 329) and young adult (N = 13 908) marijuana use using data from Add Health. Marijuana use differed by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and public assistance in adjusted models...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615546/assessment-of-spatial-and-physical-neighborhood-characteristics-that-influence-sound-quality-and-herewith-well-being-and-health
#4
Jeroen Devilee, Elise van Kempen, Wim Swart, Irene van Kamp, Caroline Ameling
Environmental noise and health studies seldom address the positive effect of environments with high acoustic quality. Sound quality, in turn, is influenced by a large number of factors, including the spatial-physical characteristics of a neighborhood. In general, these characteristics cannot be retrieved from existing databases. In this article, we describe the design of an audit instrument and demonstrate its value for gathering information about these characteristics of neighborhoods. The audit instrument used was derived from research in other fields than environmental health...
May 2017: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613270/a-socio-ecological-examination-of-weight-related-characteristics-of-the-home-environment-and-lifestyles-of-households-with-young-children
#5
Virginia Quick, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner
Home environment and family lifestyle practices have an influence on child obesity risk, thereby making it critical to systematically examine these factors. Thus, parents (n = 489) of preschool children completed a cross-sectional online survey which was the baseline data collection conducted, before randomization, in the HomeStyles program. The survey comprehensively assessed these factors using a socio-ecological approach, incorporating intrapersonal, interpersonal and environmental measures. Healthy intrapersonal dietary behaviors identified were parent and child intakes of recommended amounts of 100% juice and low intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages...
June 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606118/neighborhood-educational-disparities-in-active-commuting-among-women-the-effect-of-distance-between-the-place-of-residence-and-the-place-of-work-study-an-acti-cit%C3%A3-s-study
#6
Camille Perchoux, Julie-Anne Nazare, Tarik Benmarhnia, Paul Salze, Thierry Feuillet, Serge Hercberg, Franck Hess, Mehdi Menai, Christiane Weber, Hélène Charreire, Christophe Enaux, Jean-Michel Oppert, Chantal Simon
BACKGROUND: Active transportation has been associated with favorable health outcomes. Previous research highlighted the influence of neighborhood educational level on active transportation. However, little is known regarding the effect of commuting distance on social disparities in active commuting. In this regard, women have been poorly studied. The objective of this paper was to evaluate the relationship between neighborhood educational level and active commuting, and to assess whether the commuting distance modifies this relationship in adult women...
June 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605300/the-development-of-a-neighborhood-in-solidarity-in-switzerland
#7
Marion Zwygart, Alain Plattet, Sarah Ammor
This paper presents a case study based on the "Neighborhood in Solidarity" methodology to illustrate its application in a locality of 8000 inhabitants in Switzerland. This specific project is proposed to exemplify the global aim of the "Neighborhood in Solidarity" methodology. That aim is to increase the integration of elderly persons in societies in order to improve their quality of life. The case study demonstrates the enhancement of the capacity of the older people to remain actively engaged in their neighborhood...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604145/social-class-and-mental-distress-in-greek-urban-communities-during-the-period-of-economic-recession
#8
Anastasia Zissi, George Stalidis
BACKGROUND: This study draws on old and well-established evidence that economic change, and especially recession, affects people's lives, behavior and mental health. Even though the literature is rich on the relationship between unemployment and mental distress, there is a renewed research interest on the link between socio-economic inequalities and psychological health. AIMS: The study investigates the relationship of social class with mental distress during the hard times of persistent and severe economic crisis in Greece by conducting a comparative, community study in the country's second largest city, Thessaloniki...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601404/meeting-physical-activity-guidelines-the-role-of-personal-networks-among-residents-of-low-income-communities
#9
Stephanie Child, Andrew T Kaczynski, Spencer Moore
INTRODUCTION: Despite known benefits of regular physical activity (PA), residents of low-income communities have disproportionately high rates of physical inactivity. Mounting evidence suggests that social network characteristics may be associated with health behaviors, including PA. The purpose of the current study was to examine associations between egocentric network characteristics and meeting PA guidelines among residents of low-income and predominantly African-American communities...
June 7, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600842/a-scoping-review-of-epidemiologic-risk-factors-for-pediatric-obesity-implications-for-future-childhood-obesity-and-dental-caries-prevention-research
#10
Donald L Chi, Monique Luu, Frances Chu
RESEARCH QUESTIONS: What are the non-modifiable (socioeconomic, genetic) and modifiable factors (physical activity, dietary behaviors) related to childhood (under age 12) obesity? How can this knowledge be applied to oral health professionals' efforts to prevent or manage dental caries in children? OBJECTIVES: Studies have identified risk factors for childhood obesity. The purpose of this scoping review was to develop a conceptual model to identify non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors for childhood obesity and to illustrate how these findings are relevant in developing interventions aimed at preventing obesity and dental caries in children...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597246/criminal-justice-contact-stressors-and-obesity-related-health-problems-among-black-adults-in-the-usa
#11
Paul C Archibald, Lauren Parker, Roland Thorpe
Criminal justice contact-defined as lifetime arrest, parole, or incarceration, seems to exacerbate chronic conditions, and those who are most likely to have had contact with the criminal justice system, such as Black adults, often already have pre-existing disproportionately high rates of stress and chronic conditions due to the social determinants of health that affect underrepresented minorities. Findings from this study suggest that there is a mechanism that links the stressors among Black adults manifested by such factors as family, financial, neighborhood, and personal problems with criminal justice contact to obesity-related health status...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594891/neighborhood-targeted-and-case-triggered-use-of-a-single-dose-of-oral-cholera-vaccine-in-an-urban-setting-feasibility-and-vaccine-coverage
#12
Lucy A Parker, John Rumunu, Christine Jamet, Yona Kenyi, Richard Laku Lino, Joseph F Wamala, Allan M Mpairwe, Vincent Muller, Augusto E Llosa, Florent Uzzeni, Francisco J Luquero, Iza Ciglenecki, Andrew S Azman
INTRODUCTION: In June 2015, a cholera outbreak was declared in Juba, South Sudan. In addition to standard outbreak control measures, oral cholera vaccine (OCV) was proposed. As sufficient doses to cover the at-risk population were unavailable, a campaign using half the standard dosing regimen (one-dose) targeted high-risk neighborhoods and groups including neighbors of suspected cases. Here we report the operational details of this first public health use of a single-dose regimen of OCV and illustrate the feasibility of conducting highly targeted vaccination campaigns in an urban area...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593742/overview-of-surgery-for-laryngeal-and-hypopharyngeal-cancer-in-ontario-2003-2010
#13
Antoine Eskander, Matthew Mifsud, Jonathan Irish, Patrick Gullane, Ralph Gilbert, Dale Brown, John R de Almeida, David R Urbach, David P Goldstein
BACKGROUND: The primary purpose of this study was to describe variations in incidence rates, resections rates, and types of surgical resection for patients diagnosed with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers in Ontario. METHODS: All laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer cases in Ontario (2003-2010) were identified from the Ontario Cancer Registry (n = 3034). Variations in incidence rates, resection rates, and type of surgical resection were compared by sex, age group, neighborhood income, community population, health region, and physician specialty...
June 7, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590946/hospitalization-among-individuals-waitlisted-for-kidney-transplant
#14
Kira L Newman, Raymond J Lynch, Andrew B Adams, Rebecca Zhang, Stephen O Pastan, Rachel E Patzer
BACKGROUND: For patients waitlisted for a deceased-donor kidney, hospitalization is associated with a lower likelihood of transplantation and worse posttransplant outcomes. However, individual-, neighborhood-, and regional-level risk factors for hospitalization throughout the waitlist period and specific causes of hospitalization in this population are unknown. METHODS: We used United States Renal Data System Medicare-linked data on patients waitlisted between 2005 and 2013 with continuous enrollment in Medicare Parts A & B (n=53 810) to examine the association between annual hospitalization rate and a variety of demographic, clinical, and social factors...
June 6, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587186/measuring-neighborhood-walkable-environments-a-comparison-of-three-approaches
#15
Yen-Cheng Chiang, William Sullivan, Linda Larsen
Multiple studies have revealed the impact of walkable environments on physical activity. Scholars attach considerable importance to leisure and health-related walking. Recent studies have used Google Street View as an instrument to assess city streets and walkable environments; however, no study has compared the validity of Google Street View assessments of walkable environment attributes to assessments made by local residents and compiled from field visits. In this study, we involved nearby residents and compared the extent to which Google Street View assessments of the walkable environment correlated with assessments from local residents and with field visits...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586856/comparative-effectiveness-of-clinical-community-childhood-obesity-interventions-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Elsie M Taveras, Richard Marshall, Mona Sharifi, Earlene Avalon, Lauren Fiechtner, Christine Horan, Monica W Gerber, E John Orav, Sarah N Price, Thomas Sequist, Daniel Slater
Importance: Novel approaches to care delivery that leverage clinical and community resources could improve body mass index (BMI) and family-centered outcomes. Objective: To examine the extent to which 2 clinical-community interventions improved child BMI z score and health-related quality of life, as well as parental resource empowerment in the Connect for Health Trial. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2-arm, blinded, randomized clinical trial was conducted from June 2014 through March 2016, with measures at baseline and 1 year after randomization...
June 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586475/aging-in-activity-space-results-from-smartphone-based-gps-tracking-of-urban-seniors
#17
Erin York Cornwell, Kathleen A Cagney
Objectives: Prior research emphasizes the importance of the residential neighborhood context during later life but little attention has been afforded to other areas that older adults encounter as they move beyond their residential environments for daily activities and social interactions. This study examines the predominance of the residential context within older adults' everyday lives. Method: We provided 60 older adults in four New York City neighborhoods with iPhones, which captured Global Positioning Systems (GPS) locations at 5-min intervals over 1 week (n = 55,561) and 17 ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) over 4 days (n = 757) to assess real-time activities...
June 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583957/mapping-neighborhood-health-geomarkers-to-clinical-care-decisions-to-promote-equity-in-child-health
#18
Andrew F Beck, Megan T Sandel, Patrick H Ryan, Robert S Kahn
Health disparities, which can be understood as disadvantages in health associated with one's social, racial, economic, or physical environment, originate in childhood and persist across an individual's life course. One's neighborhood may drive or influence these disparities. Information on neighborhoods that can characterize their risks-what we call place-based risks-is rarely used in patient care. Community-level data, however, could inform and personalize interventions such as arranging for mold removal from the home of a person with asthma from the moment that person's address is recorded at the site of care...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583955/progress-in-achieving-health-equity-requires-attention-to-root-causes
#19
Steven H Woolf
Life expectancy and disease rates in the United States differ starkly among Americans depending on their demographic characteristics and where they live. Although health care systems are taking important steps to reduce inequities, meaningful progress requires interventions outside the clinic, in sectors such as employment, housing, transportation, and public safety. Inequities exist in each of these sectors, and barriers to educational attainment, higher-income jobs, and social mobility limit the opportunity of disadvantaged people to improve their circumstances...
June 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576962/innovative-community-pharmacy-practice-models-in-north-carolina
#20
Nathan Hemberg, Drew Huggins, Natasha Michaels, Joe Moose
There are several different types and sizes of community pharmacies ranging from large chains to small individually owned pharmacies. Community pharmacies are located in supermarkets, drugstores, big box stores, and even shopping malls in neighborhoods across North Carolina. Pharmacists are the most accessible health professionals and the ones that many patients see most frequently. Many pharmacists provide services long after other health care professionals' offices have closed. The traditional role of the pharmacist-the health care professional who dispenses prescriptions written by doctors-is changing...
May 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
88474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"