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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103493/individual-educational-attainment-neighborhood-socioeconomic-contexts-and-self-rated-health-of-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-social-engagement
#1
Wei Zhang, Yan Yan Wu
Analyzing the 2011-2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study with 14,507 respondents from 393 neighborhoods, and applying generalized linear mixed-effects model, this study examines how individual-level education and neighborhood-socioeconomic contexts affect health through social engagement. Findings reveal that measures of social engagement-social activity and productive activity-are significantly related to self-rated health and partially mediate the effects of individual-level education. Neighborhood-socioeconomic contexts have independent effects on self-rated health beyond individual socio-demographics, and social activity mediates the effects of neighborhood recreational facilities...
January 16, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103208/notes-from-the-field-use-of-social-media-as-a-communication-tool-during-a-mumps-outbreak-new-york-city-2015
#2
Beth M Isaac, Jane R Zucker, Jennifer MacGregor, Mekete Asfaw, Jennifer L Rakeman, Jie Fu, Bisram Deocharan, Dakai Liu, Jennifer B Rosen
On August 16, 2015, a case of parotitis in a resident of the Rockaways neighborhood of Queens, New York City (NYC), was reported to the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) as a suspected mumps case. Subsequent investigations by DOHMH discovered an outbreak of mumps in the Rockaways, with 52 confirmed and probable mumps cases. DOHMH conducted a Facebook advertisement campaign providing information about mumps and the outbreak, which was targeted to Facebook users in the Rockaways neighborhood...
January 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103077/quantifying-disparities-in-urban-firearm-violence-by-race-and-place-in-philadelphia-pennsylvania-a-cartographic-study
#3
Jessica H Beard, Christopher N Morrison, Sara F Jacoby, Beidi Dong, Randi Smith, Carrie A Sims, Douglas J Wiebe
OBJECTIVES: To describe variability in the burden of firearm violence by race, income, and place in an urban context. METHODS: We used Philadelphia Police Department data from 2013 to 2014 to calculate firearm assault rates within census block groups for both victim residence and event locations, stratifying by race and block group income. We used cartographic modeling to determine variations in incidence of firearm assault by race, neighborhood income, and place...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103071/bridging-the-response-to-mass-shootings-and-urban-violence-exposure-to-violence-in-new-haven-connecticut
#4
Alycia Santilli, Kathleen O'Connor Duffany, Amy Carroll-Scott, Jordan Thomas, Ann Greene, Anita Arora, Alicia Agnoli, Geliang Gan, Jeannette Ickovics
We have described self-reported exposure to gun violence in an urban community of color to inform the movement toward a public health approach to gun violence prevention. The Community Alliance for Research and Engagement at Yale School of Public Health conducted community health needs assessments to document chronic disease prevalence and risk, including exposure to gun violence. We conducted surveys with residents in six low-income neighborhoods in New Haven, Connecticut, using a neighborhood-stratified, population-based sample (n = 1189; weighted sample to represent the neighborhoods, n = 29 675)...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101730/concepts-for-studying-urban-environmental-justice
#5
REVIEW
Jason Corburn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper offers research frameworks for understanding and acting to address urban environmental justice. Urban neighborhoods tend to concentrate and colocate vulnerable people and toxic environments. Cities are also where the poor and people of color tend to be disproportionately exposed to environmental hazards, such as air pollution, lead in paint and water, and polluting industries. RECENT FINDINGS: Researchers and government agencies are increasingly recognizing the need to document cumulative exposures that the urban poor and people of color experience in addition to environmental hazards...
January 18, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100255/early-life-exposure-to-air-pollution-and-greater-use-of-academic-support-services-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-urban-children
#6
Jeanette A Stingone, Katharine H McVeigh, Luz Claudio
BACKGROUND: There is a growing literature showing associations between prenatal and early-life exposure to air pollution and children's neurodevelopment. However, it is unclear if decrements in neurodevelopment observed in epidemiologic research translate into observable functional outcomes in the broader pediatric population. The objective of this study was to examine the association between early-life exposures to common urban air toxics and the use of academic support services, such as early intervention and special education within a population-based cohort of urban children...
January 18, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098785/neighborhood-design-physical-activity-and-wellbeing-applying-the-walkability-model
#7
Adriana A Zuniga-Teran, Barron J Orr, Randy H Gimblett, Nader V Chalfoun, David P Guertin, Stuart E Marsh
Neighborhood design affects lifestyle physical activity, and ultimately human wellbeing. There are, however, a limited number of studies that examine neighborhood design types. In this research, we examine four types of neighborhood designs: traditional development, suburban development, enclosed community, and cluster housing development, and assess their level of walkability and their effects on physical activity and wellbeing. We examine significant associations through a questionnaire (n = 486) distributed in Tucson, Arizona using the Walkability Model...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098508/evaluation-of-a-social-norms-approach-to-a-suicide-prevention-campaign
#8
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095802/a-case-control-study-investigating-factors-associated-with-high-infant-death-in-saiha-district-of-mizoram-india-bordering-myanmar
#9
Alok K Deb, Shanta Dutta, Chhaihlo Hnichho, Mary Vanlalpeki, Hli Thapi Phosa, Khaila Rakhu, Samuel Lalfakawma Fanai, Manoj Chakrabarti, Samiran Panda
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality has dropped considerably in India over the last 5 years. A sharp contrast to this decline in national average of infant mortality is the rate recorded during 2014-2015 from the southernmost district of Saiha, Mizoram having a common international border with Myanmar. As this district specific rate (113 per 1000 live births) is 3 times higher compared to the national and state average, the present investigation was carried out to identify associated factors...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095430/is-childhood-socioeconomic-status-independently-associated-with-adult-bmi-after-accounting-for-adult-and-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status
#10
Gregory Pavela
Childhood socioeconomic status (SES) is inversely associated with adult weight in high income countries. Whether the influence of childhood SES on adult weight is best described using a critical period model or an accumulation of risk model is not yet settled. This research tests whether childhood SES is associated with adult BMI and likelihood of obesity independent of adult socioeconomic status and neighborhood characteristics. Data on individual childhood and adult characteristics come from the Health and Retirement Study (N = 13,545)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089817/patient-centered-specialty-practice-defining-the-role-of-specialists-in-value-based-healthcare
#11
REVIEW
Lawrence Ward, Rhea E Powell, Michael L Scharf, Andrew Chapman, Mani Kavuru
Healthcare is at a crossroads, under pressure to add value by improving patient experience and health outcomes and reducing costs to the system. Efforts to improve the care model in primary care, such as the patient-centered medical home, have enjoyed some success. Yet primary care accounts for only a small portion of total healthcare spending, and there is a need for policies and frameworks to support high quality, cost-efficient care in specialty practices of the "medical neighborhood". The Patient-Centered Specialty Practice (PCSP) model offers ambulatory-based specialty practices one such framework, supported by a formal recognition program through the National Committee for Quality Assurance...
January 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089098/toward-a-collaborative-model-of-pandemic-preparedness-and-response-taiwan-s-changing-approach-to-pandemics
#12
REVIEW
Jonathan Schwartz, Muh-Yong Yen
BACKGROUND: Over time, as newly emerging infectious diseases have become increasingly common and more easily spread, it has become clear that traditional response mechanisms have proven inadequate to the task of prevention and control. PURPOSE: To explore whether enhanced cooperation with local government and community institutions can effectively supplement traditional state-centric public health epidemic responses. METHODS: Drawing on Taiwan as a case study, we assess the role of the whole-of-society approach to epidemic response as arises from the collaborative governance literature...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088219/the-unhealthy-food-environment-does-not-modify-the-association-between-obesity-and-participation-in-the-supplemental-nutrition-assistance-program-snap-in-los-angeles-county
#13
M Pia Chaparro, Gail G Harrison, May C Wang, Edmund Y W Seto, Anne R Pebley
BACKGROUND: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but not much is known about the mechanisms behind this association. The objective of this study was to determine if the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets modifies the association between obesity and participation in SNAP. METHODS: Data comes from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; included are a subsample of adults (18+ years) who were SNAP participants or eligible non-participants (N = 1,176)...
January 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075692/comparing-emergency-department-use-among-medicaid-and-commercial-patients-using-all-payer-all-claims-data
#14
Hyunjee Kim, K John McConnell, Benjamin C Sun
The high rate of emergency department (ED) use by Medicaid patients is not fully understood. The objective of this paper is (1) to provide context for ED service use by comparing Medicaid and commercial patients' differences across ED and non-ED health service use, and (2) to assess the extent to which Medicaid-commercial differences in ED use can be explained by observable factors in administrative data. Statistical decomposition methods were applied to ED, mental health, and inpatient care using 2011-2013 Medicaid and commercial insurance claims from the Oregon All Payer All Claims database...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075151/multilevel-correlates-of-healthy-bmi-maintenance-and-return-to-a-healthy-bmi-among-children-in-massachusetts
#15
Lauren Fiechtner, Erika R Cheng, Gabriel Lopez, Mona Sharifi, Elsie M Taveras
OBJECTIVES: To examine predictors of healthy BMI maintenance (HBM) or return to a healthy BMI (RHB) among children. METHODS: We studied 33,272 children in Massachusetts between 2008 and 2012. We used multinomial logistic regression to examine associations of individual- and neighborhood-level factors with the odds of: (1) HBM: maintenance of a healthy BMI ≥5th to <85th percentile and (2) RHB: transition to a healthy BMI range from an initial BMI ≥85th percentile between two clinic visits spanning an average of 3...
January 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074311/improving-maternal-and-infant-child-health-outcomes-with-community-based-pregnancy-support-groups-outcomes-from-moms2b-ohio
#16
Patricia Temple Gabbe, Rebecca Reno, Carmen Clutter, T F Schottke, Tanikka Price, Katherine Calhoun, Jamie Sager, Courtney D Lynch
Objectives To describe temporal changes in maternal and child health outcomes in an impoverished urban community after the implementation of an innovative community-based pregnancy support program, named Moms2B. Methods Beginning in 2011, pregnant women in an urban impoverished community were recruited for participation in a community-based pregnancy support program focused on improving nutrition coupled with increasing social and medical support. The comprehensive program targeting pregnancy through the infants' first year of life was developed and staffed by a multidisciplinary team from an academic health system...
January 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069885/qualitative-geospatial-methods-of-exploring-person-place-transactions-in-aging-adults-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Carri Hand, Suzanne Huot, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Sachindri Wijekoon
PURPOSE: Research exploring how places shape and interact with the lives of aging adults must be grounded in the places where aging adults live and participate. Combined participatory geospatial and qualitative methods have the potential to illuminate the complex processes enacted between person and place to create much-needed knowledge in this area. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify methods that can be used to study person-place relationships among aging adults and their neighborhoods by determining the extent and nature of research with aging adults that combines qualitative methods with participatory geospatial methods...
January 9, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068854/breast-cancer-care-in-california-and-ontario
#18
Kevin M Gorey, Caroline Hamm, Isaac N Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Eric J Holowaty
BACKGROUND: Better health care among Canada's socioeconomically vulnerable versus America's has not been fully explained. We examined the effects of poverty, health insurance and the supply of primary care physicians on breast cancer care. METHODS: We analyzed breast cancer data in Ontario (n = 950) and California (n = 6300) between 1996 and 2000 and followed until 2014. We obtained socioeconomic data from censuses, oversampling the poor. We obtained data on the supply of physicians, primary care and specialists...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064241/associations-between-racial-discrimination-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-low-birthweight-among-roma
#19
Teresa Janevic, Theresa Osypuk, Kristefer Stojanovski, Janko Jankovic, Daniel Gundersen, Maggie Rogers
BACKGROUND: Racial discrimination may increase the risk of low birthweight (LBW), but has not been studied among Roma, the largest minority population in Europe. Moreover, few studies test both institutional and interpersonal forms of racial discrimination on health. Our objective was to examine associations between institutional and interpersonal racial discrimination with LBW, and to test potential mediation by smoking during pregnancy. METHODS: In 2012-2013, Romani women interviewers surveyed 410 Romani women in Serbia and Macedonia...
January 7, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063754/quantifying-spatial-misclassification-in-exposure-to-noise-complaints-among-low-income-housing-residents-across-new-york-city-neighborhoods-a-global-positioning-system-gps-study
#20
Dustin T Duncan, Kosuke Tamura, Seann D Regan, Jessica Athens, Brian Elbel, Julie Meline, Yazan A Al-Ajlouni, Basile Chaix
PURPOSE: To examine if there was spatial misclassification in exposure to neighborhood noise complaints among a sample of low-income housing residents in New York City, comparing home-based spatial buffers and Global Positioning System (GPS) daily path buffers. METHODS: Data came from the community-based NYC Low-Income Housing, Neighborhoods and Health Study, where GPS tracking of the sample was conducted for a week (analytic n = 102). We created a GPS daily path buffer (a buffering zone drawn around GPS tracks) of 200 m and 400 m...
October 29, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
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