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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549275/understanding-the-relationships-between-water-quality-recreational-fishing-practices-and-human-health-in-phoenix-arizona
#1
E Pulford, B A Polidoro, M Nation
Across the United States, recreational freshwater fisheries are not only an important leisure activity, but can also provide a relatively inexpensive source of protein in local diets. However, recreational freshwater fisheries are generally not well-monitored in terms of fish consumption vs. catch and release, nor are all recreational surface waters regularly monitored for the presence of potentially harmful contaminants in water or fishes. In six urban lakes that support recreational fisheries in Phoenix, Arizona, a majority of surveyed anglers reported eating recreationally caught fishes, even though they thought the water might be polluted...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545506/development-and-evaluation-of-two-web-based-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-community-based-controlled-intervention-trial
#2
Saskia Muellmann, Inna Bragina, Claudia Voelcker-Rehage, Eric Rost, Sonia Lippke, Jochen Meyer, Jochen Schnauber, Merlin Wasmann, Merle Toborg, Frauke Koppelin, Tilman Brand, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA) is a key contributor to healthy ageing. However, despite known health benefits, only one third of older adults in Germany reach the PA levels recommended for persons aged 65 years and above by the World Health Organization. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two web-based interventions for the initiation and maintenance of regular PA (i.e., intervention groups 1 and 2) compared to a delayed intervention control group of older adults aged 65 to 75 years...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545433/developing-a-comprehensive-measure-of-mobility-mobility-over-varied-environments-scale-moves
#3
Jana A Hirsch, Meghan Winters, Joanie Sims-Gould, Philippa J Clarke, Nathalie Ste-Marie, Maureen Ashe, Heather A McKay
BACKGROUND: While recent work emphasizes the multi-dimensionality of mobility, no current measure incorporates multiple domains of mobility. Using existing conceptual frameworks we identified four domains of mobility (physical, cognitive, social, transportation) to create a "Mobility Over Varied Environments Scale" (MOVES). We then assessed expected patterns of MOVES in the Canadian population. METHODS: An expert panel identified survey items within each MOVES domain from the Canadian Community Health Survey- Healthy Aging Cycle (2008-2009) for 28,555 (weighted population n = 12,805,067) adults (≥45 years)...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545423/determinants-of-tuberculosis-transmission-and-treatment-abandonment-in-fortaleza-brazil
#4
Guy Harling, Antonio S Lima Neto, Geziel S Sousa, Marcia M T Machado, Marcia C Castro
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains a public health problem, despite recent achievements in reducing incidence and mortality rates. In Brazil, these achievements were above the worldwide average, but marked by large regional heterogeneities. In Fortaleza (5th largest city in Brazil), the tuberculosis cure rate has been declining and treatment abandonment has been increasing in the past decade, despite a reduction in incidence and an increase in directly observed therapy (DOT). These trends put efforts to eliminate tuberculosis at risk...
May 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542064/assessing-community-leadership-understanding-community-capacity-for-health-improvement
#5
Billie Castle, Monica Wendel, Brandy N Kelly Pryor, Monique Ingram
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot a quantitative instrument to measure aspects of community leadership within an assessment framework. DESIGN: The instrument includes 14 Likert-type questions asking residents how they perceive leaders within 5 sectors: Louisville Metro Council/Mayor's Office, the faith community, education, business, and the civic sector. SETTING: Louisville/Jefferson County, Kentucky, has a population of about 743 000 residents...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541384/hispanic-segregation-and-poor-health-it-s-not-just-black-and-white
#6
D Phuong Do, Reanne Frank, Cheng Zheng, John Iceland
Despite the importance of understanding the fundamental determinants of Hispanic health, few studies have investigated how metropolitan segregation shapes the health of the fastest growing population in the U.S. Using the 2006-2013 National Health Interview Survey, we 1) examined the relationship between Hispanic metropolitan segregation and respondent-rated health for U.S. and foreign-born Hispanics and 2) assessed whether neighborhood poverty mediates this relationship. Results indicated that segregation has a consistent, detrimental effect on the health of U...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536697/psychosocial-and-environmental-correlates-of-sedentary-behaviors-in-spanish-children
#7
S Aznar, M T Lara, A Queralt, J Molina-Garcia
Purpose. To evaluate children's psychosocial and environmental factors associated with sedentary behavior (SB). Method. The study involved a total of 420 children (mean 9.2 years; 52.9% girls) from the community of Madrid, Spain. SB and physical activity (PA) were objectively measured using accelerometers. TV viewing and potential correlates were assessed by questionnaire. Mixed-model regression analysis, adjusted for clustering within school locations, evaluated the relation of each independent variable with SBs...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535280/invited-commentary-the-enduring-role-of-place-in-health-a-historic-perspective
#8
Yvette C Cozier
In public health, it has long been observed that "place"-specifically, where one lives-affects individual health, with the main research question distinguishing between the effects of "context" (defined as area characteristics) and "composition" (the characteristics of inhabitants) on health outcomes. There have been many studies in which the spatial patterning of disease has been explored, but they were often ecological in design, used broad census geographic levels, lacked individual-level data, or when available, did not simultaneously analyze community- and individual-level risk factors using appropriate modeling techniques...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534841/is-neighborhood-green-space-protective-against-associations-between-child-asthma-neighborhood-traffic-volume-and-perceived-lack-of-area-safety-multilevel-analysis-of-4447-australian-children
#9
Xiaoqi Feng, Thomas Astell-Burt
Heavy traffic is a source of air pollution and a safety concern with important public health implications. We investigated whether green space lowers child asthma risk by buffering the effects of heavy traffic and a lack of neighborhood safety. Multilevel models were used to analyze affirmative asthma cases in nationally representative cross-sectional data from 4447 children aged 6-7 years old in Australia. Case-finding was based upon a triangulation of affirmative responses to three questions on doctor-diagnosed asthma, asthma-related medications and illness with wheezing lasting for at least 1 week within the 12 months prior...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533568/leveraging-geotagged-twitter-data-to-examine-neighborhood-happiness-diet-and-physical-activity
#10
Quynh C Nguyen, Suraj Kath, Hsien-Wen Meng, Dapeng Li, Ken Robert Smith, James A VanDerslice, Ming Wen, Feifei Li
OBJECTIVES: Using publicly available, geotagged Twitter data, we created neighborhood indicators for happiness, food and physical activity for three large counties: Salt Lake, San Francisco and New York. METHODS: We utilize 2.8 million tweets collected between February-August 2015 in our analysis. Geo-coordinates of where tweets were sent allow us to spatially join them to 2010 census tract locations. We implemented quality control checks and tested associations between Twitter-derived variables and sociodemographic characteristics...
August 2016: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532489/longitudinal-relationships-between-self-concept-for-physical-activity-and-neighborhood-social-life-as-predictors-of-physical-activity-among-older-african-american-adults
#11
Allison M Sweeney, Dawn K Wilson, M Lee Van Horn
BACKGROUND: Engaging in regular physical activity (PA) as an older adult has been associated with numerous physical and mental health benefits. The aim of this study is to directly compare how individual-level cognitive factors (self-efficacy for PA, self-determined motivation for PA, self-concept for PA) and neighborhood perceptions of the social factors (neighborhood satisfaction, neighborhood social life) impact moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) longitudinally among older African American adults...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529465/using-stakeholder-input-to-inform-an-innovative-research-and-policy-initiative-to-improve-depression-in-safety-net-communities
#12
Dmitry Khodyakov, Pluscedia Williams, Elizabeth Bromley, Bowen Chung, Kenneth Wells
THE PROBLEM: Depression quality improvement programs based on chronic disease management models have been shown to improve depression outcomes. Nonetheless, access to and the use of such programs is limited in minority, under-resourced communities. PURPOSE OF ARTICLE: We report on the outcomes of a Delphi-based consensus exercise conducted by our partnership at a community-wide conference in Los Angeles. Participants identified and prioritized the needs of depressed individuals that should be addressed in a county-wide Health Neighborhood Initiative designed to increase existing mental health, substance use, healthcare, and social services for individuals with low socioeconomic position...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528525/urban-youth-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-lead-poisoning
#13
Sandra Bogar, Aniko Szabo, Shane Woodruff, Sheri Johnson
Environmental health literacy (EHL) is a promising and evolving field of research that could benefit from youth engagement. Yet studies focused on youths' environmental health awareness and concerns are limited. For example, although lead exposure remains a threat to youth development in urban environments, no published studies have measured urban youth's knowledge of lead poisoning. A CBPR partnership established a youth advisory council (YAC) who helped to design, interpret and disseminate a mixed methods study exploring environmental health perceptions among urban youths ages 10-18...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528276/a-review-of-neighborhood-effects-and-early-child-development-how-where-and-for-whom-do-neighborhoods-matter
#14
REVIEW
Anita Minh, Nazeem Muhajarine, Magdalena Janus, Marni Brownell, Martin Guhn
This paper describes a scoping review of 42 studies of neighborhood effects on developmental health for children ages 0-6, published between 2009 and 2014. It focuses on three themes: (1) theoretical mechanisms that drive early childhood development, i.e. how neighborhoods matter for early childhood development; (2) dependence of such mechanisms on place-based characteristics i.e. where neighborhood effects occur; (3) dependence of such mechanisms on child characteristics, i.e. for whom is development most affected...
May 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527329/what-role-does-adolescent-neighborhood-play-for-adult-health-a-cross-classified-multilevel-analysis-of-life-course-models-in-northern-sweden
#15
Per E Gustafsson, Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
This study examined whether, and by which life course models, adolescent neighborhood environment relate to health in mid-adulthood. Data came from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n=1001), surveyed at age 16, 21, 30 and 42 years including functional somatic symptoms at age 42, and individual disadvantage neighborhood disadvantage at all four ages. Results from cross-classified multilevel models showed that 12.7% of age 42 health variance was explained by an interaction of age 16 and age 42 neighborhood of residence...
May 17, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527246/seroprevalence-of-dengue-infection-in-the-municipalities-of-armenia-calarc%C3%A3-la-tebaida-and-montenegro-in-quind%C3%A3-o-2014
#16
Mónica Marcela Jiménez, Jesús Arias, Gabriel Carrasquilla
INTRODUCTION: Dengue is a serious public health problem in Colombia; it is prevalent in 90% of the municipalities in Quindío. Studies on its seroprevalence are required to address public health interventions. OBJECTIVE: To establish the seroprevalence of dengue infection in neighborhoods with high incidence in the municipalities of Armenia, Calarcá, La Tebaida and Montenegro, Quindío, in 2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a probabilistic, stratified, two-stage prevalence study...
January 24, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526366/adolescent-physical-activity-moderation-of-individual-factors-by-neighborhood-environment
#17
Heather D'Angelo, Stephanie L Fowler, Linda C Nebeling, April Y Oh
INTRODUCTION: Less than a third of U.S. adolescents meet federal physical activity (PA) guidelines. Understanding correlates of PA at multiple levels of the Social Ecological Model could improve PA interventions among youth. This study examines (1) associations between factors across the Social Ecological Model including psychosocial factors, perceived neighborhood physical and social environment characteristics, and adolescent moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA) and (2) whether perceived neighborhood characteristics moderate associations between psychosocial factors and MVPA...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526361/recruitment-enrollment-and-response-of-parent-adolescent-dyads-in-the-flashe-study
#18
April Y Oh, Terisa Davis, Laura A Dwyer, Erin Hennessy, Tiandong Li, Amy L Yaroch, Linda C Nebeling
INTRODUCTION: In 2014, the National Cancer Institute conducted the Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating Study (FLASHE). This parent and adolescent survey examines psychosocial; generational (parent-adolescent); and environmental (home and neighborhood) correlates of cancer-preventive behaviors, with a particular emphasis on diet and physical activity. This paper describes the FLASHE data collection methods and enrollment and response rates. METHODS: FLASHE data collection methods included web-based surveys delivered to dyads of parents and their adolescent children, and deployment of accelerometers to a subset of adolescents, to achieve study goals in a nationwide study sample...
June 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525988/positive-and-negative-influences-of-social-participation-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-dwelling-elderly-aged-65-70%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#19
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined the cross-sectional associations of the type, frequency, and autonomy for SP with physical and mental health. METHODS: The analytical subjects were 5126 males and 7006 females who were functionally independent, born between 1945 and 1949, and covered by A City's medical insurance system...
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524085/present-food-shopping-habits-in-the-spanish-adult-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
María Achón, María Serrano, Ángela García-González, Elena Alonso-Aperte, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Information on grocery shopping patterns is one key to understanding dietary changes in recent years in Spain. This report presents an overview of Spanish food shopping patterns in the adult population. A cross-sectional, nationally representative telephone survey was conducted in Spain. Individuals were asked about food shopping responsibility roles, types of visited food stores, time spent, additional behaviors while shopping, the influence of marketing/advertising and, in particular, fresh produce shopping profile...
May 18, 2017: Nutrients
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