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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145672/erratum-to-helpfulness-trust-and-safety-of-neighborhoods-social-capital-household-income-and-self-reported-health-of-older-adults
#1
Cindy L Cain, Steven P Wallace, Ninez A Ponce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144787/lessons-learned-from-a-food-environment-intervention-study-recruitment-and-retention-of-participants-in-disadvantaged-urban-inner-city-neighborhoods
#2
Rachel Engler-Stringer, Joelle Schaefer, Tracy Ridalls, Nazeem Muhajarine
Growing health inequities have led to calls for population health intervention research that can contribute to improving the health of marginalized populations, but conducting research with these communities can be challenging. When research aims to examine and understand an aspect of health in a population characterized as hard-to-reach or marginalized, recruitment techniques appear to have a significant impact on participation and sample retention in longitudinal studies. We examine and comment on the recruitment and retention techniques used in the Good Food, Healthy Families study conducted in low-income, inner-city neighborhoods in a midsized Canadian city; we hope that this will inform recruitment and retention approaches for population health intervention studies in similar populations...
November 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144419/air-pollution-and-dispensed-medications-for-asthma-and-possible-effect-modifiers-related-to-mental-health-and-socio-economy-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-swedish-children-and-adolescents
#3
Anna Oudin, Lennart Bråbäck, Daniel Oudin Åström, Bertil Forsberg
It has been suggested that children that are exposed to a stressful environment at home have an increased susceptibility for air pollution-related asthma. The aim here was to investigate the association between air pollution exposure and asthma, and effect modification by mental health and by socio-economic status (as markers of a stressful environment). All individuals under 18 years of age in four Swedish counties during 2007 to 2010 (1.2 million people) were included. The outcome was defined as dispensing at least two asthma medications during follow up...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136521/toward-dynamic-urban-environmental-exposure-assessments-in-mental-health-research
#4
Marco Helbich
It is increasingly recognized that mental disorders are affected by both personal characteristics and environmental exposures. The built, natural, and social environments can either contribute to or buffer against metal disorders. Environmental exposure assessments related to mental health typically rely on neighborhoods within which people currently live. In this article, I call into question such neighborhood-based exposure assessments at one point in time, because human life unfolds over space and across time...
November 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135909/food-swamps-predict-obesity-rates-better-than-food-deserts-in-the-united-states
#5
Kristen Cooksey-Stowers, Marlene B Schwartz, Kelly D Brownell
This paper investigates the effect of food environments, characterized as food swamps, on adult obesity rates. Food swamps have been described as areas with a high-density of establishments selling high-calorie fast food and junk food, relative to healthier food options. This study examines multiple ways of categorizing food environments as food swamps and food deserts, including alternate versions of the Retail Food Environment Index. We merged food outlet, sociodemographic and obesity data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Environment Atlas, the American Community Survey, and a commercial street reference dataset...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135780/examining-measures-of-income-and-poverty-in-medicare-administrative-data
#6
Lok Wong Samson, Kenneth Finegold, Azeem Ahmed, Matthew Jensen, Clara E Filice, Karen E Joynt
Disparities by economic status are observed in the health status and health outcomes of Medicare beneficiaries. For health services and health policy researchers, one barrier to addressing these disparities is the ability to use Medicare data to ascertain information about an individual's income level or poverty, because Medicare administrative data contains limited information about individual economic status. Information gleaned from other sources-such as the Medicaid and Supplemental Security Income programs-can be used in some cases to approximate the income of Medicare beneficiaries...
December 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134325/spatial-context-and-health-inequity-reconfiguring-race-place-and-poverty
#7
Elizabeth L Tung, Kathleen A Cagney, Monica E Peek, Marshall H Chin
Intimate connections among race, place, and poverty are increasingly featured in the health disparities literature. However, few models exist that can guide our understanding of these interconnections. We build on the Chicago School of Sociology's contributions in urban research and one of its contemporary elaborations, often described as the "neighborhood effects approach," to propose a three-axis model of health inequity. This model, in alignment with Chicago School theory, postulates a dynamic and adaptive relationship between spatial context and health inequity...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128329/geographic-variation-in-morbidity-and-mortality-of-cerebrovascular-diseases-in-korea-during-2011-2015
#8
Juyeon Lee, Jinwook Bahk, Ikhan Kim, Yeon-Yong Kim, Sung-Cheol Yun, Hee-Yeon Kang, Jeehye Lee, Jong Heon Park, Soon-Ae Shin, Young-Ho Khang
BACKGROUND: Little is known about within-country variation in morbidity and mortality of cerebrovascular diseases (CVDs). Geographic differences in CVD morbidity and mortality have yet to be properly examined. This study examined geographic variation in morbidity and mortality of CVD, neighborhood factors for CVD morbidity and mortality, and the association between CVD morbidity and mortality across the 245 local districts in Korea during 2011-2015. METHODS: District-level health care utilization and mortality data were obtained to estimate age-standardized CVD morbidity and mortality...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126100/using-reports-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-young-children-to-identify-tuberculosis-transmission-in-new-york-city-2006-2012
#9
Jennifer Sanderson Slutsker, Lisa Trieu, Aldo Crossa, Shama Desai Ahuja
Young children with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) indicate recent TB transmission. We reviewed surveillance reports of children with LTBI to assess whether more follow-up is needed to prevent TB among this high-risk population. All children <5 years reported to the New York City Department of Health from 2006-2012 were abstracted from the TB Registry to identify those with LTBI. Potential source cases were identified; defined as any infectious TB case diagnosed in the 2 years before a child was reported and whose residence was within <0...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125962/retrospective-evaluation-of-project-envision-a-community-mobilization-pilot-program-to-prevent-sexual-violence-in-new-york-city
#10
Lily Glenn, Laura Fidler, Meghan O'Connor, Mary Haviland, Deborah Fry, Tamara Pollak, Victoria Frye
Sexual violence is a public health problem associated with short- and long-term physical and mental health consequences. Most interventions that aim to prevent sexual violence before it occurs target individual-level change or promote bystander training. Community-level interventions, while increasingly recommended in the sexual violence prevention field, are rarely documented in peer-reviewed literature. This paper is a targeted process evaluation of Project Envision, a 6-year pilot initiative to address social norms at the root of sexual violence through coalition building and community mobilization in three New York City neighborhoods, and reflects the perspectives of those charged with designing and implementing the program...
November 2, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125934/bringing-urban-governance-back-in-neighborhood-conflicts-and-depression
#11
Qiang Fu
Urban governance and its impact on contentious politics have received remarkably little attention in existing studies on mental health. Drawing on a measure of neighborhood conflicts developed in a survey of thirty-nine urban neighborhoods in Guangzhou, China, this article investigates the potential link between urban governance and mental health. Net of sociodemographic, relational, and environmental measures, it finds that among residents' conflicts with different entities of urban governance, only those with local/grassroots governments are significantly associated with more depressive symptoms...
November 7, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125319/perceptions-of-neighborhood-safety-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-minority-urban-subsidized-housing-residents-the-mediating-effect-of-sense-of-community-belonging
#12
Judith G Gonyea, Alexandra Curley, Kelly Melekis, Yeonjung Lee
OBJECTIVES: Older minority subsidized housing residents represent a population that is particularly vulnerable to depression. Although research suggests that neighborhood characteristics influence older adults' mental health, it has not been explored in this target population. Drawing on social disorganization and social capital theories, this study's aim was to explore if perceptions of neighborhood safety are associated with depressive symptoms; and, whether a sense of community belonging has a mediating effect on this potential relationship...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121794/what-factors-explain-bicycling-and-walking-for-commuting-by-elsa-brasil-participants
#13
Sheila Maria Alvim de Matos, Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Maria da Conceição C Almeida, Ciro Oliveira Queiroz, Clarice Alves Dos Santos, Rogerio Tosta de Almeida, Ianne Tayrine Martins da Silva, Rosane Harter Griep, Leila Denise Alves Ferreira Amorim, Ana Luísa Patrão, Estela M L Aquino
PURPOSE: To analyze the factors associated with commuting by bicycling and walking in adult participants from ELSA-Brasil (Longitudinal Study of Adult Health). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Six teaching/research institutions throughout Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 15 105 civil servants. MEASURES: Commuting by bicycling and walking was analyzed using the long-form International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121677/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-frailty-and-frailty-components-among-community-dwelling-older-citizens
#14
Carmen B Franse, Amy van Grieken, Li Qin, René J F Melis, Judith A C Rietjens, Hein Raat
BACKGROUND: So far, it has not yet been studied whether socioeconomic status is associated with distinct frailty components and for which frailty component this association is the strongest. We aimed to examine the association between socioeconomic status and frailty and frailty components. In addition we assessed the mediating effect of the number of morbidities on the association between socioeconomic status and other frailty components. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of pooled data of The Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey Minimum DataSet in the Netherlands among community-dwelling persons aged 55 years and older (n = 26,014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120702/food-insecurity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#15
Shannon M Robson, Alicia J Lozano, Mia Papas, Freda Patterson
INTRODUCTION: Food insecurity is associated with poor cardiometabolic health in adults. The extent to which this relationship exists in adolescents has yet to be defined. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between food insecurity and cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated the association between food insecurity and several cardiometabolic risk factors by using data collected from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey at the state and city levels...
November 9, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119453/neighborhood-structural-differences-and-women-s-mental-health-an-empirical-study-in-accra-ghana
#16
Elijah Bisung, Joseph Kangmennaang, Isaac Luginaah
PURPOSE: This study explores the relationships between neighborhood structural differences such as socioeconomic status (SES), income inequality, and ethnic diversity on women's mental health in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: The study used secondary data from the 2009 Women Health Survey Accra II, linked with the 2010 sub-metro level census figures on income inequality. The analytical sample consists of 2814 women nested within 195 enumeration areas (clusters) in the Accra Metropolitan Area (AMA)...
November 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117730/difficulty-and-independence-in-shopping-among-older-americans-more-than-just-leaving-the-house
#17
Allison B Brenner, Philippa J Clarke
BACKGROUND: The built, social and economic environments are associated with disability, but knowledge of how these environmental characteristics simultaneously influence older adults' ability to shop independently is limited. OBJECTIVE: We investigated cross-sectional associations between the outdoor home, local neighborhood and macrosocioeconomic levels of the environment and shopping difficulty and interactions between environmental factors and shopping difficulty...
November 9, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114188/chronic-disease-prevalence-among-elderly-saudi-men
#18
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman Alhadlag, Mohamad Anas Albakour, Bader Aljumah, Mohammed Sughayyir, Ziad Alhomidan, Omar Alminderej, Mohamed Aljaser, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Objective: Saudi demographic composition has changed because of increased life expectancy and decreased fertility rates. Little data are available about health conditions among older adults in Saudi Arabia, who are expected to represent 20% of the population by 2050. The study aim was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for chronic conditions among older Saudi men. Methods: The sample pertained to 400 men (age ≥55 years) from Buraidah, Al-Qassim. Research assistants recruited participants in all the mosques from the randomly selected neighborhoods (16 of 95)...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112880/the-joint-effects-of-family-risk-of-obesity-and-neighborhood-environment-on-obesity-among-women
#19
Lori Kowaleski-Jones, Barbara B Brown, Jessie X Fan, Heidi A Hanson, Ken R Smith, Cathleen D Zick
Obesity is a significant health problem in the United States that has encouraged a search for modifiable risk factors, such as walkable neighborhood designs. Prior research has shown linkages between a family history of obesity (i.e., due to either genetic or non-genetic factors) and an individual's risk of elevated body mass index (BMI). Yet, we know little about the possible interactions between neighborhood walkability and family susceptibility to unhealthy BMI in predicting individual BMI. This paper addresses this important research gap using a sample of 9918 women, derived from vital and administrative data in the Utah Population Database...
October 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111871/temporal-trend-in-the-levels-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-emitted-in-a-big-tire-landfill-fire-in-spain-risk-assessment-for-human-health
#20
Joaquim Rovira, Noelia Domínguez-Morueco, Martí Nadal, Marta Schuhmacher, José L Domingo
In May 2016, a big fire occurred in an illegal landfill placed in Seseña (Toledo, Spain), where between 70,000 and 90,000 tons of tires had been accumulated during years. Just after the fire, and because of the increase of airborne PAHs, we found that cancer risks for the population living in the neighborhood of the landfill were 3-5 times higher than for the rest of inhabitants of Seseña. Some months after our initial (June 2016) study, two sampling campaigns (December 2016 and May 2017) were performed to assess the temporal trends of the environmental levels of PAHs, as well as to reassure that these chemicals did not pose any risk for the human health of Seseña inhabitants...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering
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