keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neighborhood health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331786/the-meaning-of-community-in-diverse-neighborhoods-stratification-of-influence-and-mental-health
#1
Emily Walton
As the United States diversifies, individuals are increasingly encountering and managing racial and ethnic difference in their neighboring relationships, thus challenging the "cultural" basis for consensus on the local meaning of community. This mixed-methods study considers the ways in which sense of community relates to mental health in two longstanding racially- and socioeconomically-diverse neighborhoods. I ask how social resources are distributed within diverse neighborhoods, integrating survey (N = 243) and interview (N = 60) data to make observations about both the existence and nature of relationships among the unique dimensions of sense of community and mental health...
January 10, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329951/medical-and-health-risks-associated-with-communicable-diseases-of-rohingya-refugees-in-bangladesh-2017
#2
Emily Y Y Chan, Cheuk Pong Chiu, Gloria K W Chan
Complex emergencies remain as major threats to human well-being in the 21st century. More than 0.3 million Rohingya people in Myanmar, one of the most forgotten minority globally, had fled to the neighborhood communities, during the past decades. In recent crisis, the sudden influx within 3 months almost tripled the accumulated displaced population in Bangladesh. Using the Rohingya people in Bangladesh as a case context, this perspective paper synthesized evidence in published literature regarding what might be the key health risks associated with the five main health and survival supporting domains namely, water and sanitation, food and nutrition, shelter and non-food item, access to health service and information for the displaced living in camp settlements in Asia...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329276/the-safety-of-the-neighborhood-environment-and-physical-activity-in-czech-and-polish-adolescents
#3
Josef Mitáš, Krzysztof Sas-Nowosielski, Dorota Groffik, Karel Frömel
(1) Background: An increase in or at least the sustainment of walking activities across a wide section of the population is a crucial health-related task for Central and East European countries. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between adolescents' walking activities and various levels of perceived safety of the built environment in differing socio-demographic backgrounds of Poland and the Czech Republic. Furthermore, we aimed to determine major moderators affecting the walking habits of adolescents in areas with different levels of walkability...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328874/neighborhood-interventions-to-reduce-violence
#4
Michelle C Kondo, Elena Andreyeva, Eugenia C South, John M MacDonald, Charles C Branas
Violence is a widespread problem that affects the physical, mental, and social health of individuals and communities. Violence comes with an immense economic cost to its victims and society at large. Although violence interventions have traditionally targeted individuals, changes to the built environment in places where violence occurs show promise as practical, sustainable, and high-impact preventive measures. This review examines studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324605/estimating-the-hospital-delivery-costs-associated-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-new-york-city-2008-2012
#5
Renata E Howland, Meghan Angley, Sang Hee Won, Wendy Wilcox, Hannah Searing, Tsu-Yu Tsao
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the average and total hospital delivery costs associated with severe maternal morbidity in excess of nonsevere maternal morbidity deliveries over a 5-year period in New York City adjusting for other sociodemographic and clinical factors. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using linked birth certificates and hospital discharge data for New York City deliveries from 2008 to 2012. Severe maternal morbidity was defined using a published algorithm of International Classification of Diseases, 9 Revision, Clinical Modification disease and procedure codes...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324565/assessment-of-child-lead-exposure-in-a-philadelphia-community-2014
#6
Timothy Dignam, Ana Pomales, Lora Werner, E Claire Newbern, James Hodge, Jay Nielsen, Aaron Grober, Karen Scruton, Rand Young, Jack Kelly, Mary Jean Brown
INTRODUCTION: Several urban neighborhoods in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have a history of soil, household lead paint, and potential lead-emitting industry contamination. OBJECTIVES: To (1) describe blood lead levels (BLLs) in target neighborhoods, (2) identify risk factors and sources of lead exposure, (3) describe household environmental lead levels, and (4) compare results with existing data. METHODS: A simple, random, cross-sectional sampling strategy was used to enroll children 8 years or younger living in selected Philadelphia neighborhoods with a history of lead-emitting industry during July 2014...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323834/%C3%A2-venga-y-rel%C3%A3-jese-pilot-stress-reduction-program-for-migrant-latina-women-living-in-low-resource-settings-from-milwaukee-to-lima
#7
Elizabeth S Abbs, Maebe Brown, Melissa Lemke, Lauren Bauer, Steve Ohly, Cynthia Haq
Latina women living in low-income communities frequently report a high prevalence of feeling physically and/or emotionally "unwell." Formative focus groups were used to design a 3-session stress reduction curriculum called ¡Venga y Relájese! (Come and relax yourself!). Survey data from 5 Milwaukee cohorts and 1 Peruvian cohort revealed statistically significant improvements in general health status, perceived stress status, and confidence to manage future stress among women who completed all sessions (n=54)...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323831/biking-for-health-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-bicycling-intervention-on-lower-income-adults
#8
Rebecca Bernstein, Robert Schneider, Whitney Welch, Anne Dressel, Melissa DeNomie, Jennifer Kusch, Mirtha Sosa
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study tested the efficacy of a bicycling intervention targeting inactive, low-income, overweight adults on reducing perceived barriers to bicycling, increasing physical activity, and improving health. METHODS: A nonblinded 2-site randomized controlled trial was conducted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in summer 2015. Participants included members from 1 largely Latino community and a second primarily African American neighborhood. A certified bicycling instructor led a 12-week bicycling intervention...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320778/five-year-recurrence-rate-and-the-predictors-following-stroke-in-the-mashhad-stroke-incidence-study-a-population-based-cohort-study-of-stroke-in-the-middle-east
#9
Maryam Salehi, Amin Amiri, Amanda G Thrift, Moira K Kapral, Luciano Sposato, Réza Behrouz, Jiming Fang, Ali Shoeibi, Peyman Hashemi, Mohammad Taghi Farzadfard, Naghmeh Mokhber, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the risk of recurrent stroke in low- and middle-income countries. This study was designed to identify the long-term risk of stroke recurrence and its associated factors. METHODS: From November 21, 2006 for a period of 1 year, 624 patients with first-ever stroke (FES) were registered from the residents of 3 neighborhoods in Mashhad, Iran. Patients were followed up for the next 5 years after the index event for any stroke recurrence or death...
January 10, 2018: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317461/neighborhood-deprivation-and-childhood-asthma-outcomes-accounting-for-insurance-coverage
#10
Flory L Nkoy, Bryan L Stone, Andrew J Knighton, Bernhard A Fassl, Joseph M Johnson, Christopher G Maloney, Lucy A Savitz
OBJECTIVES: Collecting social determinants data is challenging. We assigned patients a neighborhood-level social determinant measure, the area of deprivation index (ADI), by using census data. We then assessed the association between neighborhood deprivation and asthma hospitalization outcomes and tested the influence of insurance coverage. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of children 2 to 17 years old admitted for asthma at 8 hospitals. An administrative database was used to collect patient data, including hospitalization outcomes and neighborhood deprivation status (ADI scores), which were grouped into quintiles (ADI 1, the least deprived neighborhoods; ADI 5, the most deprived neighborhoods)...
January 9, 2018: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316641/neighborhood-perceptions-and-cumulative-impacts-of-low-level-chronic-exposure-to-fine-particular-matter-pm2-5-on-cardiopulmonary-health
#11
Kristen M C Malecki, Amy A Schultz, Rachel S Bergmans
Adverse perceptions of neighborhood safety, aesthetics and quality including access to resources can induce stress and may make individuals more sensitive to cardiopulmonary effects of air pollution exposure. Few studies have examined neighborhood perceptions as important and modifiable non-chemical stressors of the built environment that may exacerbate effects of air pollution on cardiopulmonary health outcomes, particularly among general population based cohorts. This study examined associations between low-level chronic exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2...
January 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315625/concentrated-disadvantage-residential-instability-and-the-home-environment-for-preschoolers
#12
Emily M May, Sandra T Azar, Stephen A Matthews
Living in a disadvantaged neighborhood is associated with heightened risk for poor school readiness and health outcomes in early childhood, and the home environment is thought to be a primary mechanism by which neighborhood context impacts preschoolers. This study examined the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage and neighborhood residential instability on the home physical environment and home learning environment for preschoolers in economically disadvantaged families (N = 187). Using structural equation modeling, mothers' perceived neighborhood disorder and depressive symptoms were examined as mechanisms by which neighborhood context "comes through the door...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315538/work-stress-health-behaviours-and-coping-strategies-in-dentists-from-cluj-napoca-romania
#13
Cristian Miron, Horaţiu Alexandru Colosi
BACKGROUND: The recognition of work stressors and their links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies is important for enhancing the working conditions of dentists. AIM: The aim of our study was to identify and rank work stressors in dentists from Cluj-Napoca, Romania, and to investigate their potential links to sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and coping strategies. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire based on the Work Stress Inventory for Dentists (WSID) was delivered to a cross-sectional sample of 250 dentists working in six neighborhoods across Cluj-Napoca, Romania, as well as at the local Faculty of Dentistry...
January 7, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314746/integrative-review-of-the-intersection-of-green-space-and-neighborhood-violence
#14
Gibran C Mancus, Jacquelyn Campbell
PURPOSE: To systematically analyze evidence about the impact of green space on the perception and actual safety of residents of urban neighborhoods. DESIGN AND ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Systematic review of green space and violence based on Broome review criteria. METHODS: One landmark study prompted the initial hand search and identification of search terms. Twenty-three quantitative, five qualitative, and two mixed-methods studies were found in the urban planning, public health, medical, and psychological literature that met the following criteria: analyzed green space and violence as factors in the perception of safety as an outcome measure, including action taken by being outside for recreation, exercise, or self-report in the survey...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314188/-seniors-only-want-respect-designing-an-oral-health-program-for-older-adults
#15
Ivette Estrada, Carol Kunzel, Eric W Schrimshaw, Ariel P Greenblatt, Sara S Metcalf, Mary E Northridge
AIM: Persistent socioeconomic disparities in the oral disease burden contribute to pain and suffering among vulnerable and underserved populations who face systemic barriers to access oral health care, including older adults living in disadvantaged urban neighborhoods. The aim of this study is to gain the views of racial/ethnic minority older adults regarding what they believe would support them and their peers in visiting the dentist regularly. METHODS AND RESULTS: Focus groups were conducted and digitally audio-recorded from 2013 to 2015 with 194 racial/ethnic minority women and men aged 50 years and older living in northern Manhattan who participated in one of 24 focus group sessions about improving oral health for older adults...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300198/addressing-implicit-bias-to-improve-cross-cultural-care
#16
Brenda Pereda, Margaret Montoya
Health disparities cluster around race, ethnicity, education, neighborhoods, and income. Systems of exclusion that correlate with social determinants compound the disproportionate burden of poor health experienced by people of color. By 2056, ~50% of the population is expected to fall into categories currently labeled "under-represented minorities" (URMs), primarily African Americans, Latinxs, and American Indians. Although URMs comprise 30% of the general population, only 9% of medical doctors [Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC)] are URMs...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300122/characterizing-blunt-smokers-by-their-acquisition-of-cannabis
#17
David S Timberlake
BACKGROUND: Ethnographers have reported that young, urban males embraced blunt smoking in response to the crack cocaine epidemic that ravaged their neighborhoods in the 1980s. But, recent survey data has indicated high rates of other illicit drug use among blunt smokers. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the association between blunt smoking and cannabis acquisition as a potential explanation for the correlation with other illicit drug use. METHODS: The sample consisted of participants from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) who reported use of cannabis or blunts in the prior month (n = 6,040)...
January 4, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298494/development-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-screening-tool-for-underserved-older-adults-with-chronic-illnesses
#18
Angela Ghesquiere, Daniel S Gardner, Caitlin McAfee, Cara Kenien, Elizabeth Capezuti, Elissa Kozlov, Jo Anne Sirey, M Carrington Reid
Although they experience high rates of chronic illness, low-income minority communities have traditionally underutilized palliative care services compared to whites and those with higher incomes. One reason for this trend is lack of screening by community providers. We utilized a community-based participatory research approach to develop and implement an innovative multidomain palliative care screening tool in aging service agencies. Participants were aging service providers and clients in the East and Central Harlem neighborhoods of New York City, which are characterized by high poverty, largely African American and Latino populations, disproportionally high rates of chronic conditions, and limited health-care access...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294917/bidirectional-relations-between-dating-violence-victimization-and-substance-use-in-a-diverse-sample-of-early-adolescents
#19
Katherine A Taylor, Terri N Sullivan
Substance use and dating violence victimization are common in adolescence and represent significant public health concerns. Although theoretical accounts suggest a bidirectional association between substance use and victimization within dating relationships, this has not been tested during early adolescence. Thus, the current study examined bidirectional associations between physical and psychological dating violence victimization and substance use across 6 months among an ethnically diverse sample of early adolescents...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294647/depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-african-american-women-living-in-impoverished-inner-city-neighborhoods
#20
George C T Mugoya, Tricia Witte, Anneliese Bolland, Sara Tomek, Lisa M Hooper, John Bolland, Safiya George Dalmida
Mental health correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization including negative physical and mental health outcomes are well documented. However, certain subgroups of African American women, such as those living in impoverished, urban communities, are underrepresented in most studies and may experience IPV at higher rates. Furthermore, the circumstances of this women including poverty makes them at risk to IPV and its consequences. The present study estimated the prevalence of IPV victimization and its association with depression in a sample of low-income African American women participating in the Mobile Youth and Poverty Study...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
keyword
keyword
88474
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"