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auricular medicine

Nathalie Rousseau, Albert Mudry
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In Western medicine, the long history of the ear syringe dates back at least to the end of the 1st millennium BCE; but the corresponding Ancient Greek word surinx designates another tool. Other Greek and Latin words and phrases, in particular auricular clyster, otenchytes, and pyoulcos, were known as names of the ear syringe until modern times. The aim of this article is to study the Greek and Latin words and phrases referred to as names of the ear syringe up until modern times before syringe became the standard word...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Yuan He, Huifeng Liu, Zhi Ji, Binliang Zhu
Purpose: To report a case of surgical interventions for a patient with relapsing polychondritis who presented with late ocular complications. Observations: A 44-year-old male was diagnosed to have relapsing polychondritis on the basis of recurrent acute auricular chondritis, deformity of the ear, saddle nose deformity and painful nasal chondritis, acute ocular inflammation with conjunctivitis, episcleritis and keratouveitis, laryngotracheal chondritis, erythema nodosum in the skin, a history of polyarthritis, and abnormal blood examination findings...
April 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology Case Reports
I A Otto, R Levato, W R Webb, I M Khan, C C Breugem, J Malda
Paramount for the generation of auricular structures of clinically-relevant size is the acquisition of a large number of cells maintaining an elastic cartilage phenotype, which is the key in producing a tissue capable of withstanding forces subjected to the auricle. Current regenerative medicine strategies utilize chondrocytes from various locations or mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). However, the quality of neo-tissues resulting from these cell types is inadequate due to inefficient chondrogenic differentiation and endochondral ossification, respectively...
February 27, 2018: European Cells & Materials
Yiyuan Li, Chunxiao Cui, Ruhong Zhang, Qun Zhang, Zhicheng Xu, Feng Xu, Datao Li
OBJECTIVES: The retroauricular fascia flap (RFF) is one of the most commonly used vascularized linings for auriculocephalic sulcus reconstruction in staged total auricular reconstruction. This study aims to investigate the histomorphometric features regarding the retroauricular fascia. METHODS: Histological evaluation included qualitative observation and quantitative analysis of sections of RFF stained with hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, Elastica van Gieson, CD31, and Lyve-1...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Cemile Merve Seymen, Serhan Tuncer, M Suhan Ayhan, Cigdem Elmas
BACKGROUND: In this study, our aim is to investigate the possible effects of Botulinum toxin type A administrations in the early and late periods on the brain stem. METHODS: Eighteen white New Zealand rabbits were used in this study with the subjects being divided into three groups. Group I received 0.05 mL sterile saline to the left anterior auricular muscles. Group II and III were injected with Botulinum toxin type A (Botox, Allergan) to the left anterior auricular muscles...
February 6, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Melat Gebre, Anna Woodbury, Vitaly Napadow, Venkatagiri Krishnamurthy, Lisa C Krishnamurthy, Roman Sniecinski, Bruce Crosson
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain state that includes widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, psychiatric symptoms, cognitive and sleep disturbances, and multiple somatic symptoms. Current therapies are often insufficient or come with significant risks, and while there is an increasing demand for non-pharmacologic and especially non-opioid pain management such as that offered through complementary and alternative medicine therapies, there is currently insufficient evidence to recommend these therapies...
February 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Caixia Feng, Jinghui Zhang, Bingchen Lu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy of auricular point sticking therapy for abnormal blink in children and the impact on the breakup time of tear film. METHODS: A total of 123 cases (246 eyes) with abnormal blink were randomly assigned into two groups, 62 cases (124 eyes) to an observation group, 61 cases (122 eyes) to a control group. The observation group received auricular point sticking therapy with western medicine; the treatment was given 6 d per week; the next day received no treatment and changed dressing...
January 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Wing Lok Lam, Wing Fai Yeung, Mei Kuen Wong, Chi Wai Cheung, Karen Kar Loen Chan, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Carlos King Ho Wong, Hai Yong Chen, Lixing Lao
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is a major complaint following abdominal surgery for gynecological diseases. Effective postoperative pain control after abdominal surgery is particularly important for patient recovery, mobility, and satisfaction. Acupuncture has been commonly used for pain management. However, its efficacy in postoperative pain control is inconclusive and health economic evaluation is limited. METHODS: A randomized, sham-controlled, patient- and- assessor-blind trial is designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in managing postoperative pain following abdominal surgery of gynecological diseases...
January 4, 2018: Trials
Ji H Son, Christina Pindar, Kristopher Katira, Bahman Guyuron
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe neck skin laxity due to excess submental adipose tissue have required either standard rhytidectomy or direct excision of neck skin with Z-plasty and submental lipectomy. Our recent experiences with four patients who declined cervicofacial rhytidectomy demonstrate that submental lipectomy and platysmarrhaphy appear to obtain sufficient improvement. METHODS: The submental area, submandibular area, and lateral neck are injected with local anesthetic...
December 22, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Horacio F Mayer, Hugo D Loustau
There have been several methods described for the correction of prominent ears, including techniques that excise, bend, suture, score, or cut the auricular cartilage. The Island Technique, proposed by Pitanguy, is based on the creation of a cartilage island to define the antihelix and correct the conchoscaphal angle. Visibility of sharp edges has been the main criticism of this technique. To avoid them, we advise performing an internal bevel incision to round off the edges and achieve a more natural look. Also, sometimes prominent ears are asymmetric with different conchoscaphal angles, determining a residual but protruding upper pole, thus requiring different treatment on each side...
December 12, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Yan Lu, Chen Li, Yuzheng Du, Aixia Chen, Jiu Jin, Qi Zhao
The characteristics and principles of acupoint selection in auricular plaster therapy for hypertension were explored. By searching CNKI (search time from 1950 to November of 2015), VIP database (search time from 1989 to November of 2015) and WanFang Database (search time from 1983 to November of 2015), the clinical research literature regarding auricular plaster therapy for hypertension was collected, and frequency statistics method was used for analysis. As a result, totally 117 articles were included. The auricular points with frequency from high to low were Jiangyagou, Shenmen (TF4 ), Gan (CO12 ), Xin (CO15 ), Shen (CO10 ), Jiaogan (AH6a ), Pizhixia (AT4 ), Jiangyadian and Neifenmi...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Melissa Li-Sha Chen, Jing-Yu Tan, Lorna Kwai-Ping Suen
BACKGROUND: Support for breastfeeding has been a matter of considerable interest in healthcare. In the field of traditional and complementary medicine, the effectiveness of auricular therapy on lactation has been investigated by several clinical studies. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This review was mainly performed to assess the current evidence of auricular therapy on lactation. The objectives were to assess the current evidence of AT for lactation, examine the intervention protocols and outcome measures adopted by the studies included, and inform clinical application and future research in this area...
November 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Na Bao, Qiong Wang, Ye-Juan Jia, Ke Yang, Ling-Juan Kong, Yan-Hui Sun, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Zhu Du, Jun-Lei Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Xin-Xin Feng, Jing Shi, Chun-Sheng Jia, Jian-Ling Wang
In the present paper, using data mining technology,the authors downloaded information from databases on auricular needle therapy, and obtained data samples from journals and academic dissertations involving the application of auricular needle therapy to treat diseases, and then screened, audited, and extracted the data and performed a statistical analysis. The authors extracted data on the application of auricular needle therapy in the stimulation methods of medicine (needling instrument), selection of the side of ear to treat disease and the number of times the ear was pressed per day and the compression time...
August 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Na Bao, Qiong Wang, Yan-Hui Sun, Jing Shi, Xiao-Feng Li, Jing Xu, Hai-Jiao Xing, Xuan-Ping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Yu-Zhu Du, Jun-Lei Li, Qing-Qing Yang, Xin-Xin Feng, Chun-Sheng Jia, Jian-Ling Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the rule of clinical application of auricular acupuncture therapy by data mining in order to guide clinical practice. METHODS: The data base about single auricular acupuncture therapy for different clinical diseases was established by collection, sorting, screening, recording, collation, data extraction, statistic analysis on data samples from journals, academic theses dissertations published in near 60 years. The application rules of auricular therapy including its predominant diseases, stimulus modality, therapeutic effect, and angle of needling were summarized by data mining technique...
February 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Brandy Cichocki, Danielle Dugat, Mark Payton
Obtaining a patient's temperature is an important part of a patient's physical examination. As human medicine transitions to noninvasive temperature measurements, so does veterinary medicine. Historically, temperature measurement has been obtained from rectal readings; however, alternative methods, such as axillary and auricular temperatures, are increasing in popularity. The purpose of the study was to compare these alternative techniques to the gold standard of rectal temperature. Temperatures were obtained three ways for each patient: rectal, axillary, and auricular...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
David Alimi, Jacques E Chelly
OBJECTIVES: To propose at the auriculotherapists a New Universal Nomenclature of Auriculotherapy, able to receive any mapping whatsoever. DESIGN: We built this proposition by using electronic database search to find the different formulations of Auricular Acupuncture Points (AAPs), by studying neuroradiology methods describing reliable and reproducible marks able to adapt to all brain morphologies, by studying the analysis of brain dissections, showed us the internal organization of the brain; and after having proved the neurophysiological correlations between auricular displays and their brain correspondences...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Yuko Fujihara, Atsuhiko Hikita, Tsuyoshi Takato, Kazuto Hoshi
To obtain stable outcomes in regenerative medicine, understanding and controlling immunological responses in transplanted tissues are of great importance. In our previous study, auricular chondrocytes in tissue-engineered cartilage transplanted in mice were shown to express immunological factors, including macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF). Since MIF exerts pleiotropic functions, in this study, we examined the roles of MIF in cartilage regenerative medicine. We made tissue-engineered cartilage consisting of auricular chondrocytes of C57BL/6J mouse, atellocollagen gel and a PLLA scaffold, and transplanted the construct subcutaneously in a syngeneic manner...
February 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Zhen Zhang, Yanyu Duan, Zhongping Wu, Hui Zhang, Jun Ren, Lusheng Huang
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPARD) is an important determinant of multiple biological processes. Our previous studies identified a missense mutation in the PPARD gene that significantly reduces its transcription activity, and consequently causes enlarged external ears in pigs. However, the mechanisms underlying the causality has remained largely unknown. Here, we show that PPARD retards the development of auricular cartilage by accelerating the apoptosis of cartilage stem/progenitor cells (CSPCs), the terminal differentiation of cartilage cells and the degradation of cartilage extracellular matrix in the auricle...
2017: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Bingjiang Xia, Yiping Xie, Songfeng Hu, Taotao Xu, Peijian Tong
Objectives. : To evaluate the effect of auricular point acupressure (APA) on axial neck pain after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery. Design. : A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed. Subjects and setting. : Twenty-nine participants were randomly divided into two groups, real or sham APA. Participants were enrolled from Shaoxing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, affiliated with Zhejiang Chinese Medical University...
May 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
I Iñiguez Vázquez, R Monte Secades, M Matesanz Fernández, E M Romay Lema, D Rubal Bran, E Casariego Vales
OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of patients with auricular fibrillation (AF) in the hospital setting and their successive hospitalisations. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on all hospital admissions in the medical area of hospital of Lugo between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2013. The data source was the centre's minimum basic data set. RESULTS: A total of 149,271 hospital admissions corresponding to 66,286 patients were recorded...
August 2017: Revista Clínica Española
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