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auricular medicine

Patricia Hinton Walker, Arnyce Pock, Catherine G Ling, Kyung Nancy Kwon, Megan Vaughan
Battlefield acupuncture is a unique auricular acupuncture procedure which is being used in a number of military medical facilities throughout the Department of Defense (DoD). It has been used with anecdotal published positive impact with warriors experiencing polytrauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, and traumatic brain injury. It has also been effectively used to treat warriors with muscle and back pain from carrying heavy combat equipment in austere environments. This article highlights the history within the DoD related to the need for nonpharmacologic/opioid pain management across the continuum of care from combat situations, during evacuation, and throughout recovery and rehabilitation...
September 2016: Nursing Outlook
Samantha C Shapiro, Armen Khararjian, Rebecca L Manno
BACKGROUND: We report a case in which the extraintestinal manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease preceded development of gastrointestinal symptoms by nearly 9 months in the context of an unusual autoantibody panel, mimicking granulomatosis with polyangiitis. This case highlights the intricacies and overlap of autoimmune diseases, and illustrates an interesting clinical phenotype: cytoplasmic anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody positive inflammatory bowel disease with predominantly extraintestinal manifestations...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Olivia A Burnsed, Zvi Schwartz, Katherine O Marchand, Sharon L Hyzy, René Olivares-Navarrete, Barbara D Boyan
UNLABELLED: Limited supplies of healthy autologous or allogeneic cartilage sources have inspired a growing interest in xenogeneic cartilage matrices as biological scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering. The objectives of this study were to determine if shark and pig cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) hydrogels can stimulate chondrocytic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) without exogenous growth factors and to determine if the soluble factors retained by these ECM hydrogels are responsible...
October 1, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Yuhua Tan, Ye Zhao, Tian He, Yueshen Ma, Wang Cai, Yandong Wang
BACKGROUND: Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine know that auricular point acupressure (APP) using vaccaria seeds on the large intestine point (CO7) has a significant effect on postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction. A standardized, clinical, research design will transform this clinical experience into scientific evidence, thus providing a basis to promote the wider use of this therapy. We aim to carry out a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of APP treatment for gastrointestinal dysfunction after laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
2016: Trials
Ke Xue, Xiaodie Zhang, Lin Qi, Jia Zhou, Kai Liu
Auricular cartilage loss or defect remains a challenge to plastic surgeons, and cartilage regenerative medicine provides a novel method to solve the problem. However, ideal seeding cells seem to be the key point in the development of cartilage regeneration. Although bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells were considered as the ideal seeding cells in cartilage regeneration, regenerative cartilage differentiated from bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells still faces some problems. It is reported that many tissues and organs contain a certain number of adult progenitor or stem cells that can replace cells that die or restore tissues and organs after injury...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Nallely Rivero-Pérez, Maricela Ayala-Martínez, Armando Zepeda-Bastida, Marcos Meneses-Mayo, Deyanira Ojeda-Ramírez
AIMS: To evaluate the application of spent Pleurotus ostreatus substrates, enriched or not with medicinal herbs, as a source of anti-inflammatory compounds. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: P. ostreatus was cultivated on five different substrates: Barley straw (BS) and BS combined 80:20 with medicinal herbs (Chenopodium ambrosioides L. [BS/CA], Rosmarinus officinalis L. [BS/RO], Litsea glaucescens Kunth [BS/LG], and Tagetes lucida Cav. [BS/TL]). The anti-inflammatory activity of aqueous extracts of spent mushroom substrates (SMSs) (4 mg/ear) was studied using an acute inflammation model in the mouse ear induced with 2...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Yan Zhuang, Mingyong Yang, Chunjun Liu
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronic acid (HA) injection-induced embolism is a rare but severe complication. This article is aimed to introduce an islanded rabbit auricular skin flap model of HA injection-induced embolism and to study its pathophysiological progress. METHODS: An islanded skin flap was elevated based on the proximal central auricular artery/vein. Eighteen rabbits were randomized into three groups. Ten, twenty, and forty microliters of HA were injected into the central auricular artery in each group, respectively...
June 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Yuko Fujihara, Naotaka Nitta, Masaki Misawa, Koji Hyodo, Yoshio Shirasaki, Kazuhiko Hayashi, Ryo Kosaka, Kazuhiro Homma, Tomokazu Numano, Shouta Kuribayashi, Yasushi Watanabe, Jiro Sato, Kuni Ohtomo, Tsuyoshi Takato, Kazuto Hoshi
In cartilage regenerative medicine, autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) has been applied clinically for partial defects of joint cartilage or nasal augmentation. To make treatment with ACI more effective and prevalent, modalities to evaluate the quality of transplanted constructs noninvasively are necessary. In this study, we compared the efficacy of several noninvasive modalities for evaluating the maturation of tissue-engineered auricular cartilage containing a biodegradable polymer scaffold. We first transplanted tissue-engineered cartilage consisting of human auricular chondrocytes, atelocollagen gel, and a poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) porous scaffold subcutaneously into the back of athymic nude rats...
May 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
Irene Estores, Kevin Chen, Brian Jackson, Lixing Lao, Peter H Gorman
OBJECTIVE: To obtain preliminary data on the effects of an auricular acupuncture protocol, Battlefield Acupuncture (BFA), on self-reported pain intensity in persons with chronic Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) and neuropathic pain. DESIGN: Pilot randomized delayed entry single center crossover clinical trial at an outpatient rehabilitation and integrative medicine hospital center. METHODS: Chronic (> one year post injury) ASIA impairment scale A through D individuals with SCI with injury level from C3 through T12 and below level neuropathic pain with at least five on the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) were recruited...
February 15, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Ali Ebrahimi, Alireza Kazemi, Hamid Reza Rasouli, Maryam Kazemi, Mohammad Hosein Kalantar Motamedi
CONTEXT: Despite the ongoing advances in surgical procedures and promising progress in bioengineering techniques, auricular reconstruction remains a significant challenge in plastic surgery. There are different causes for acquired auricular defects, including trauma, tumor ablation and burns. The management options for upper, middle and lower third auricular defects are briefly reviewed in the current paper. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Original research papers investigating the plastic surgeons, otolaryngologists and maxillofacial surgeons in approaching the complicated issue of auricular reconstruction published from January 1995 to December 2014 were aggregated and used in the current study...
November 2015: Trauma Monthly
Roger A Strong, Jane M Georges, Cynthia D Connelly
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea is a common symptom in end-stage lung cancer patients and is only infrequently controlled. Currently, the use of complimentary therapies using traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), including auricular application of Vaccaria segetalis (a small seed), is understudied. Acupressure using auricular Vaccaria segetalis application has been reported as effective in reducing dyspnea when applied to a specific area of the ear associated with lung function in the TCM paradigm...
May 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Xiao-Xia Liu, Zhi-wang Wang, Xiao-pin Chien, Cai-min Liu, Hai-yan Tuo
OBJECTIVE: To study the antalgic and antiphlogistic functions and mechanism of ronggudingtong (RGDT) plaster (traditional Chinese medicine). METHODS: The painful models were established with hot plate test or acetic acid writhing and the inflammatory models were established with daubing dimethylbenzene on auricle or injecting formaldehyde in toe or synovial envelope to study the antalgic and antiphlogistic functions of RGDT Plaster. The total protein and leukotriene B4(LTB4) in inflammatory exudate were detected to investigate the antalgic and antiphlogistic mechanism of RGDT plaster...
September 2015: Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology
Zita M Jessop, Muhammad Javed, Iris A Otto, Emman J Combellack, Siân Morgan, Corstiaan C Breugem, Charles W Archer, Ilyas M Khan, William C Lineaweaver, Moshe Kon, Jos Malda, Iain S Whitaker
Recent advances in regenerative medicine place us in a unique position to improve the quality of engineered tissue. We use auricular cartilage as an exemplar to illustrate how the use of tissue-specific adult stem cells, assembly through additive manufacturing and improved understanding of postnatal tissue maturation will allow us to more accurately replicate native tissue anisotropy. This review highlights the limitations of autologous auricular reconstruction, including donor site morbidity, technical considerations and long-term complications...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Feng Chen, Songrui Yu, Bing Liu, Yunzhou Ni, Chunyang Yu, Yue Su, Xinyuan Zhu, Xiaowei Yu, Yongfeng Zhou, Deyue Yan
In this study, an enzymatically cross-linked injectable and biodegradable hydrogel system comprising carboxymethyl pullulan-tyramine (CMP-TA) and chondroitin sulfate-tyramine (CS-TA) conjugates was successfully developed under physiological conditions in the presence of both horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for cartilage tissue engineering (CTTE). The HRP crosslinking method makes this injectable system feasible, minimally invasive and easily translatable for regenerative medicine applications...
2016: Scientific Reports
Gabriela Rodríguez-Colón, Alan G Palestine
A 46-year-old man presented with a 1-month history of bilateral auricular pain and swelling of the pinnae, followed by bilateral eye redness, pain, and photophobia. Review of systems was notable for pain in the right wrist. Examination revealed bilateral erythema and tenderness of the auricles and..
December 24, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Sasan Hamzavi
Auricular reconstruction, known as the "surgical art," is one of the most difficult and complex surgeries in medicine. There are two different techniques that involve either the use of artificial material like porous polyethylene (PE) or the patient's own rib cartilage graft. The patient's indication, age, conditions requiring previous failed surgeries, and the surgeon's skill in creating the frame are the most important factors in the choice of technique. Both methods are performed in our clinic in Vienna...
December 2015: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Jui-Fen Cheng, Chyi Lo, Ya-Ling Tzeng
Auricular acupressure is a non-invasive physiotherapy that was developed based on the traditional Chinese meridian theory. Because it is non-invasive, simple to implement, and easy to learn, and because it presents minimal side effects and may be executed independently, this therapy may be used as an alternative or auxiliary approach to symptom management as well as to self-care. The increasing support for auricular acupressure from evidence-based research in Taiwan and elsewhere offers the opportunity to include auricular acupressure as a treatment option in evidence-based nursing interventions...
December 2015: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Yue Jiao, Ying Han, Xin Li, Yi-Gong Fang, Zhao-Hui Liu, Wen-Na Zhou, Jin-Cao Zhou, Zhong-Chao Wu, Jin-Hong Yang, Shao-Yuan Li, Fan-Ying Meng, Wei-Wei Xu
Objective. To identify the optimum treatment protocol for insomnia among auricular, body, and abdominal needling methods. Methods. A three-factor (3 needling protocols) and three-level experimental scheme was designed based on orthogonal method. 54 patients of insomnia differentiated as internal harassment of phlegm-heat syndrome were given two courses of acupuncture treatment (each with 20 times of acupuncture). The therapeutic effects were evaluated by comparing the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) scores, and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) scores of patients before treatment, after one course of treatment, and after two courses of treatment as well as one month after treatment...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Stefan Flores, Andrew A Herring
BACKGROUND: Adequate emergency department (ED) anesthesia for painful ear conditions, such as ear lacerations or ear abscesses, can be challenging. Much of the sensory innervation of the ear is supplied from the anterior and posterior branches of the greater auricular nerve (GAN). The GAN is a branch of the superficial cervical plexus, which arises from the C2/C3 spinal roots. The GAN innervation includes most of the helix, antihelix, the lobule, and the skin over the mastoid process and parotid gland...
April 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Zhijian Peng, Hugang Shen, Jianwei Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy difference in the treatment of breast hyperplasia between the combined therapy of auricular point sticking and Xiaopijian and the simple application of Xiaopijian. METHODS: Ninety-one patients were randomized into an observation group (46 cases) and a control group (45 cases). In the observation group, the sticking therapy on the auricular points was applied in combination with the oral medication of Chinese herbal medicine, Xiaopijian...
August 2015: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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