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nitric oxide synthase

Hwei-Hsien Chen, Pei-Chi Chang, Chinpiao Chen, Ming-Huan Chan
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive and profound movement disorder resulting from neurodegeneration in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system, but current treatment neither cures nor stops PD from advancing. Based on the ability to suppress oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, and neuroinflammation, the potential of honokiol as a novel neuroprotective agent for PD treatment was determined. METHODS: The hemi-parkinsonian model was used to investigate the protective and therapeutic effects of honokiol on motor dysfunctions and dopaminergic neurodegeneration in mice, with a single unilateral striatal injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)...
January 12, 2018: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Xi Jin, Tiantian Jia, Ruohan Liu, Shiwen Xu
The animal experiment was preformed to investigate the roles of PPAR-γ/PI3K/Akt pathway in apoptosis triggered by cadmium (Cd) and in the antagonistic effects of selenium (Se) on Cd in the pancreas of chicken. The current study showed that Cd treatment obviously increased the accumulation of Cd and directly led to lower activities of amylase, trypsin and lipase in chicken pancreas. The expression of PPAR-γ, PI3K, and Akt was declined, whereas the level of Bax, Cyt C and caspase-3 were increased in Cd group...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Sun Young Park, Mei Ling Jin, Eun Hye Yi, Yoon Kim, Geuntae Park
Acute and chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with excessive inflammation due to the accumulation of pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines produced by macrophages. In the present study, we investigated the anti-inflammatory properties of neochlorogenic acid (nCGA) from Lonicera japonica on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated inflammation in macrophages and participation of the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway. nCGA pretreatment significantly reduced the production of nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2 , TNF-α, reactive oxygen species, IL-1β, and IL-6 by LPS-activated macrophages...
June 8, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Samad Rahimnejad, Xiangli Yuan, Ling Wang, Kangle Lu, Kai Song, Chunxiao Zhang
This study evaluated the effects of supplementing chitooligosaccharide (COS) in low fish meal (FM) diets on growth, immune response, intestine and hepatopancrease histology, and expression of inflammatory and immune-related genes in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). A basal diet was formulated using FM and soybean meal (SM) as primary protein sources and considered as a high FM (HFM) diet, then a low FM (LFM) diet was prepared by substituting 50% of FM with SM and supplemented with 0, 3, 6, 9, 12 or 15 g COS kg-1 diet (LFM, COS3, COS6, COS9, COS12 and COS15 diets)...
June 13, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Nikolai Fattakhov, Liudmila Smirnova, Dmitriy Atochin, Daria Parshukova, Daria Skuratovskaia, Quinn Painter, Pavel Zatolokin, Arkadiy Semke, Larisa Litvinova, Svetlana Ivanova
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is significantly higher in schizophrenia (SCH) patients, when compared to the general populatiotin. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether genetic variants T-786C (rs2070744), G894T (rs1799983) and C774T (rs1549758) in the endothelial nitric oxide (NOS3) gene and/or their haplotypes could be associated with the risk of MetS in SCH patients or healthy subjects from Russian population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We performed two case-control comparisons...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Vivek K Bajpai, Md Badrul Alam, Khong Trong Quan, Mi-Kyoung Ju, Rajib Majumder, Shruti Shukla, Yun Suk Huh, MinKyun Na, Sang Han Lee, Young-Kyu Han
We examined the anti-inflammatory effects of (+)-syringaresinol (SGRS), a lignan isolated from Rubia philippinensis, in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells using enzyme-based immuno assay, Western blotting, and RT-PCR analyses. Additionally, in vivo effects of SGRS in the acute inflammatory state were examined by using the carrageenan-induced hind paw edema assay in experimental mice. As a result, treatment with SGRS (25, 50, and 100 μM) inhibited protein expression of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) as well as production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1beta (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) induced by LPS...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiaxia Wu, Hongwei Gao, Ying Hou, Jie Yu, Wen Sun, Ying Wang, Xiaoyan Chen, Yulin Feng, Qiong-Ming Xu, Xiuping Chen
Inflammation is considered to be the common pathophysiological basis for a series of diseases. Documented data showed the anti-inflammatory effects of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Danshen), a traditional herb. The pharmacological activities of dihydronortanshinone (DNT), a tanshinone isolated from Danshen, remain unknown. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effects and underlying mechanisms of DNT were investigated with a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 macrophage model. DNT significantly suppressed LPS-induced inflammatory mediators such as nitrite oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)...
June 12, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Shimaa M Azmy, Mai A Abd El Fattah, Sahar S Abd El-Rahman, Somia A Nada, Omar M E Abdel Salam, Mohammed F El-Yamany, Noha N Nassar
Nicotine and tramadol concomitant drug dependence pose increasing social, economic as well as public threats. Accordingly, the present study investigated neurochemical, neurobehavioral and neuropathological changes in the brain subsequent to the interaction of nicotine and tramadol. To this end, tramadol (20 mg/kg, i.p) and nicotine (0.25 mg/kg, i.p) were administrated to male albino mice once daily for 30 days. Consequent to microglial activation, nicotine exacerbated oxidative/nitrosative stress induced by tramadol as manifest by the step-up in thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and nitric oxide subsequent to the enhanced levels of neuronal and inducible nitric oxide synthases; paralleled by decreased non-protein sulfhydryls...
June 12, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Anita Matic, Ivana Jukic, Ana Stupin, Lidija Baric, Zrinka Mihaljevic, Sanela Unfirer, Ivana Tartaro Bujak, Branka Mihaljevic, Julian H Lombard, Ines Drenjancevic
The goal of this study was to examine the effect of 1-week of high salt (HS) intake and the role of oxidative stress in changing the mechanisms of flow-induced dilation (FID) in isolated pressurized middle cerebral arteries (MCA) of male Sprague-Dawley rats (N=15-16/per group). Reduced FID in the HS group was restored by intake of the superoxide scavenger TEMPOL (HS+TEMPOL in vivo group). Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) inhibitor Nω -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), COX inhibitor indomethacin (INDO) and selective inhibitor of microsomal CYP450 epoxidase activity N-(methylsulfonyl)-2-(2-propynyloxy)-benzenehexanamide (MS-PPOH) significantly reduced FID in the LS group, while FID in the HS group was mediated by NO only...
June 15, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Swenja Kröller-Schön, Andreas Daiber, Sebastian Steven, Matthias Oelze, Katie Frenis, Sanela Kalinovic, Axel Heimann, Frank P Schmidt, Antonio Pinto, Miroslava Kvandova, Ksenija Vujacic-Mirski, Konstantina Filippou, Markus Dudek, Markus Bosmann, Matthias Klein, Tobias Bopp, Omar Hahad, Philipp S Wild, Katrin Frauenknecht, Axel Methner, Erwin R Schmidt, Steffen Rapp, Hanke Mollnau, Thomas Münzel
Aims: Aircraft noise causes endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammation. Transportation noise increases the incidence of coronary artery disease, hypertension, and stroke. The underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Herein, we investigated effects of phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase (Nox2) knockout and different noise protocols (around-the-clock, sleep/awake phase noise) on vascular and cerebral complications in mice. Methods and results: C57BL/6j and Nox2-/- (gp91phox-/-) mice were exposed to aircraft noise (maximum sound level of 85 dB(A), average sound pressure level of 72 dB(A)) around-the-clock or during sleep/awake phases for 1, 2, and 4 days...
June 14, 2018: European Heart Journal
Qi Zeng, Chaofeng Hu, Renbin Qi, Daxiang Lu
PYNOD, a nod-like receptors (NLR)-like protein, was indicated to inhibit NF-κB activation, caspase-1-mediated interleukin (IL)-1β release and cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Exogenous addition of recombinant PYNOD to mixed glial cultures may suppress caspase-1 activation and IL-1β secretion induced by Aβ. However, to the best of our knowledge, there no study has focused on the immunoregulatory effects of PYNOD specifically in microglia. The present study aimed to explore the roles of PYNOD involved in the lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced microglial inflammation and consequent neurotoxicity...
June 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Atallah F Ahmed, Yi-Wei Chen, Chiung-Yao Huang, Yen-Ju Tseng, Chi-Chen Lin, Chang-Feng Dai, Yang-Chang Wu, Jyh-Horng Sheu
Six new polyoxygenated cembrane-based diterpenoids, stellatumolides A⁻C ( 1 ⁻ 3 ), stellatumonins A and B ( 4 and 5 ), and stellatumonone ( 6 ), were isolated together with ten known related compounds ( 7 ⁻ 16 ) from the ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of soft coral Sarcophyton stellatum . The structures of the new compounds were established by extensive spectroscopic analyses, including 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and data comparison with related structures. Compounds 8 and 14 were isolated from a natural source for the first time...
June 14, 2018: Marine Drugs
Wenzhe Yu, Mengru Tao, Yueliang Zhao, Xiaoqian Hu, Mingfu Wang
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) could interact with the receptor for AGE (RAGE) as a sterile danger signal to induce inflammation. 4′-methoxyresveratrol (4′MR), a polyphenol derived from Dipterocarpaceae, has not been studied for its anti-inflammation effects. In the present study, we sought to explore the protective role of 4′MR in AGEs-induced inflammatory model using RAW264.7 macrophages. 4′MR significantly inhibited gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, such as interleukin 1β (IL-1β), interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), as well as two typical pro-inflammatory enzymes, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2)...
June 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Qian Sun, Ronghe Chen, Fan Xin, Guohong Ruan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of three kinds of drinking water and its possible mechanism on blood pressure of hypertensive mice. METHODS: The water quality parameters were measured for three kinds of drinking water, and the parameters includedtotal dissolved solids( TDS), oxygen consumed( OC), p H, oxidation reduction potential( ORP), electric conductivity( EC), dissolved hydrogen, calcium and magnesium. Establishment of mouse model of high blood pressure by using N'-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester hydrochloride( L-NAME) for 30 days...
November 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Daniele Nascimento Gouveia, Janara Santos Costa, Marlange Almeida Oliveira, Thallita Kelly Rabelo, Ana Mara de Oliveira E Silva, Adriana Andrade Carvalho, Rodrigo Miguel-Dos-Santos, Sandra Lauton-Santos, Luciana Scotti, Marcus Tullius Scotti, Márcio Roberto Viana Dos Santos, Lucindo José Quintans-Júnior, Ricardo Luiz Cavalcanti De Albuquerque Junior, Adriana Gibara Guimarães
α-Terpineol (TP) is present in a wide range of essential oils of the genus Eucalyptus, with recognized potential for a range of biological effects, such as analgesic. Hence, our study aimed to investigate the effect of TP on cancer pain induced by sarcoma 180 in Swiss mice. Our results showed that TP reduced significantly mechanical hyperalgesia and spontaneous and palpation-induced nociception, improved paw use without reducing tumor growth and grip strength. Importantly, no evident biochemical and hematological toxicity was oberved...
June 11, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Ting Yu, Qian Yu, Xiaotian Chen, Lixing Zhou, Yuming Wang, Chenggong Yu
Although enteral nutrition therapy for inflammatory bowel disease has been confirmed to be an effective treatment method, the exact mechanism responsible for the effects of enteral nutrition remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) against colitis, and to elucidate the potential mechanisms by inhibiting p65 activation via regulating the p38/mitogen‑ and stress‑activated protein kinase‑1 (MSK1) pathway. Experiments were performed by establishing dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)‑mice colitis and picrylsulfonic acid solution (TNBS)‑induced rat colitis, and the results demonstrated that EEN treatment attenuated body weight loss, colon length shortening and colonic pathological damage caused by colitis...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Levent Ozcan, Emre Can Polat, Efe Onen, Alper Otunctemur, Emin Ozbek, Adnan Somay, Nurver Ozbay
PURPOSE: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) are common medical problems, particularlyamong older women. In this study, we aim to explore the relationship between the neurotransmitter nNOS in the vaginal epithelium, and the occurrence of SUI and changes of nNOS levels according to menopausal status.Matherials and Methods: Fourty women were enrolled. The patients were divided into four groups according to menstruaiton status and SUI. The vagina specimens were taken during transobturator tape application...
June 14, 2018: Urology Journal
Cian M McCrudden, John W McBride, Joanne McCaffrey, Emma M McErlean, Nicholas J Dunne, Vicky L Kett, Jonathan A Coulter, Tracy Robson, Helen O McCarthy
Background: Recent approvals of gene therapies by the FDA and the EMA for treatment of inherited disorders have further opened the door for assessment of nucleic acid pharmaceuticals for clinical usage. Arising from the presence of damaged or inappropriate DNA, cancer is a condition particularly suitable for genetic intervention. The RALA peptide has been shown to be a potent non-viral delivery platform for nucleic acids. This study examines the use of RALA to deliver a plasmid encoding inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) as an anti-cancer treatment...
2018: Cancer Nanotechnology
Hojjat Bazzazi, Yu Zhang, Mohammad Jafarnejad, Jeffrey S Isenberg, Brian H Annex, Aleksander S Popel
The matricellular protein thrombospondin-1 (TSP1) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. Specifically, TSP1 has been experimentally shown to inhibit signaling downstream of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). The molecular mechanism of this inhibition is not entirely clear. We developed a detailed computational model of VEGF signaling to Akt-endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to investigate the quantitative molecular mechanism of TSP1 inhibition. The model demonstrated that TSP1 acceleration of VEGFR2 degradation is sufficient to explain the inhibition of VEGFR2 and eNOS phosphorylation...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Cai Yi Wang, Hyun-Jae Jang, Yoo Kyong Han, Xiang Dong Su, Seung Woong Lee, Mun-Chual Rho, Heng-Shan Wang, Seo Young Yang, Young Ho Kim
Alkaloids 1 ⁻ 10 were isolated from the aerial parts of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum (APTH) and obtained from species of the genus Tetrastigma for the first time. The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were identified by NMR, UV, and MS analyses. Their anti-inflammatory activities were investigated by measuring nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 macrophages. Among all the isolates, compounds 6 , 7 and 10 showed potent inhibitory activity against LPS-stimulated NO production in RAW264...
June 14, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
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