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Mother and baby play

Alex McGookin, Christine Furber, Debbie M Smith
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to explore student midwives' awareness, knowledge, and experiences of supporting women with antenatal anxiety (ANA) within clinical practice. BACKGROUND: ANA is associated with negative outcomes for mother and baby. Midwives play a key role in the screening of antenatal mental health and care of women suffering from ANA. METHODS: This study was conducted with student midwives at one UK university in the north-west of England...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Grace Awantang, Stella Babalola, Hannah Koenker, Kathleen Fox, Michael Toso, Nan Lewicky, Daniel Somah, Victor Koko
BACKGROUND: In 2010, malaria was responsible for an estimated 41% of deaths among children under the age of five years in Liberia. The same year, the Rebuilding Basic Health Services Project launched "Healthy Baby, Happy Mother," a social and behavior change communication campaign. The campaign encouraged caregivers to take children under the age of five years to a health facility as soon as children developed fever. This study investigated correlates of two case management outcomes: care-seeking for children under five with fever during the past two weeks and administration of an artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) the same or next day as fever onset...
March 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
D Fancourt, R Perkins
This study assessed whether a novel psychosocial intervention could reduce symptoms of postnatal depression (PND) in the first 40 weeks post-birth. Analyses were carried out of 134 mothers with symptoms of PND randomised into 10 weeks of group singing workshops or group play workshops for them and their babies, or usual care (trial registration: NCT02526407). Overall, among all mothers with symptoms of PND, there was a non-significant faster improvement in symptoms in the singing group (F 4,262 = 1.66, P = 0...
February 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Denice S Feig, Helen R Murphy
AIMS: To review the current literature on the use of continuous glucose monitoring during pregnancy in women with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We searched the literature for randomized controlled trials using continuous glucose monitoring during pregnancy in women with Type 1 diabetes. RESULTS: Three randomized trials were found and discussed in this review. One UK study found a reduction in large-for-gestational-age infants; however, only masked continuous glucose monitoring was used in that study...
January 20, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Emre Yanıkkerem, Nicole Esmeray, Aslı Karakuş, Sema Üstgörül, Özge Baydar, Aslı Göker
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the factors affecting readiness for discharge and perceived social support after childbirth. BACKGROUND: Many women still die during and following pregnancy and childbirth. Both early and late discharges are conflicting issues in the world. Evaluation of the readiness for discharge in terms of patient safety, satisfaction, physical, emotional, psychologic and social aspects is important. DESIGN: Descriptive and cross-sectional study...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Amy Winship, Eva Dimitriadis
Preeclampsia is a dangerous pregnancy complication, which is often associated with fetal growth restriction and can have serious life-long effects for both mother and baby. While the establishment of the placenta in the first trimester is the sentinel event in the development of preeclampsia little is known of the critical mechanisms of placentation that lead to the syndrome. Locally produced inflammatory cytokines are thought to play a role in the development of preeclampsia. This review summarizes the evidence that interleukin 11 is dysregulated in preeclampsia and contributes to the initiation of preeclampsia via effects on placentation...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Franca Tani, Valeria Castagna, Lucia Ponti
AIM: Bowlby's attachment intergenerational transmission theory suggests that a woman's attachment to her parents, particularly her mother, plays an important role in her future parenting. We studied whether there was any association between pregnant women's attachment to their baby before and after birth and their relationships with their mothers. METHODS: A longitudinal study was carried out in 2015 on 201 first-time mothers recruited in the maternity ward of the level two Misericordia e Dolce Hospital in Prato, Italy...
November 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
Hemantha Senanayake, Rajitha Dilhan Wijesinghe, Kesavan Rajasekharan Nayar
BACKGROUND: Companionship during labor is known to have both physical and psychosocial benefits to mother and baby. Sri Lanka made a policy decision to allow a labour companion in 2011. However, implementation has been unsatisfactory. Given the leading role Obstetricians play in the implementation of policy, a study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices among them. METHOD: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted among consultant obstetricians working in the state hospitals using the platform 'Survey Monkey'...
November 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Eli J Louwagie, Tricia D Larsen, Angela L Wachal, Michelle L Baack
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and obesity during pregnancy impact the health of both mothers and developing babies. Prevention focuses on glycemic control, but increasing evidence implicates a role for lipids. Using a rat model, we showed that a maternal high-fat (HF) diet, increased perinatal morbidity and mortality, but lipid processing across the maternal-placental-fetal triad remained unstudied. We hypothesized that HF diet would disrupt placental lipid processing to exaggerate fuel-mediated consequences of diabetic pregnancy...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Judy Beglaubter
Studying couples who shared parental leave presents the opportunity to explore decision-making processes that may challenge conventional care arrangement typical of early parenthood. Interviews with 33 Canadian heterosexual couples indicate gendered sticking points in the division of official leave time. Whether fathers took leave because of their personal desires or material circumstances, this study finds that men and women did not enter negotiations on a level playing field. Strong cultural support for mothers'-but not fathers'-time with baby tipped the scales toward maternal care giving, even when couples wanted to share parental leave...
November 2017: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
Murat Özcan, Selin Sevinç, Vildan Boz Erkan, Yüksel Yurdugül, S Ümit Sarıcı
In addition to Rh and ABO incompatibilities subgroup incompatibilities may rarely play a role among the causes of hemolytic anemia and indirect hyperbilirubinemia in newborns. The most common minor blood group antigens that cause blood incompatibility between the mother and baby are C, c, E, e, Kell, Duffy, Diego, Kidd and MNSs antigens. In this article, a newborn in whom hyperbilirubinemia due to anti-E minor blood group incompatibility developed and was treated with phototherapy succesfully is presented and minor blood group incompatibilities due to anti-E are reviewed...
September 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Jan Boucek, Jorine de Haan, Michael J Halaska, Jan Plzak, Kristel Van Calsteren, Christianne J M de Groot, Karina Dahl Steffensen, Robert Fruscio, Elske T Massolt, Philipp Klaritsch, Paolo Zola, Frédéric Amant
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Thyroid cancer, with 6% to 10% of cancer diagnoses, is one of the most common malignancies during pregnancy. Its treatment poses a risk for the pregnancy, as the thyroid gland plays a crucial role in the evolution of pregnancy. The aim of this study is to evaluate treatment of primary well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma during pregnancy and fetal and maternal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: This is an international cohort study. METHODS: Primary thyroid cancer patients were identified from the database of the International Network on Cancer, Infertility, and Pregnancy registration study...
October 8, 2017: Laryngoscope
Ellen J Schafer, Shelly Campo, Tarah T Colaizy, Pamela J Mulder, Patrick Breheny, Sato Ashida
OBJECTIVE: Breast-feeding initiation rates have increased in the USA; however, maintenance of breast-feeding for recommended durations is low. The objective of the present study was to identify factors that may facilitate breast-feeding for longer durations among first-time mothers, including physiological and social experiences and changes in maternal perceptions. DESIGN: Survival analysis and linear regression methods were used to explore the relationship between experiences and breast-feeding duration, and the possible mediating effect of changes in maternal perceptions...
September 7, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
Nicolas Favez, France Frascarolo, Hervé Tissot
The aim of this paper is to present the family alliance (FA) model, which is designed to conceptualize the relational dynamics in the early family. FA is defined as the coordination a family can reach when fulfilling a task, such as playing a game or having a meal. According to the model, being coordinated as a family depends on four interactive functions: participation (all members are included), organization (members assume differentiated roles), focalization (family shares a common theme of activity), affect sharing (there is empathy between members)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Ticiane Henriques Santa Rita, Renata Barcelos Barra, Gisele Pasquali Peixoto, Pedro Goes Mesquita, Gustavo Barcelos Barra
OBJECTIVE: In early 2015, an outbreak of an acute exanthematous illness with dengue-like symptoms occurred in northeastern Brazil. By the end of the same year, an unexpected increase in the number of cases of microcephaly was observed in the region. The microcephaly outbreak cause was unknown and rumors pointing to various potential causes arose. Since we were unaware at the time if this scenario would attract the interest of the broader scientific community, due to the neglected regions associated and as often happens with many others health conditions related to infectious diseases in Latin America...
September 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Masoumeh Kordi, Maryam Fasanghari, Negar Asgharipour, Habibollah Esmaily
INTRODUCTION: The maternal role is one of the most basic and important roles played by women during their lifetime. The process of the maternal role starts during pregnancy and to continue and develop after postpartum with the growth of suckling. However, unplanned pregnancy may jeopardize achieving the maternal role and reduce maternal role satisfaction. Therefore, the researcher conducted the present study to determine the impact of maternal role training program on attainment of role and role satisfaction in nulliparous women with unplanned pregnancy...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Elena Biagi, Sara Quercia, Arianna Aceti, Isadora Beghetti, Simone Rampelli, Silvia Turroni, Giacomo Faldella, Marco Candela, Patrizia Brigidi, Luigi Corvaglia
The progressive building of the infants' gut microbiota is pivotal for educating their immune system. Human breast milk is among the first sources of microbes for the assembly of the infant's microbiota, but research struggles to give a demonstration for the origin of bacteria in milk. Aiming at contributing to the knowledge on assembly of the mother's milk and infant's microbiome, here we characterized the oral, gut and milk ecosystems in a homogeneous cohort of 36 healthy mother-infants pairs, by 16S rRNA next-generation sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
Komal Gaur, Barna Ganguly
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal corticosteroids play an important role in preventing Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) but benefits related to time between corticosteroid administration and delivery need to be explored. AIM: To observe the effect of betamethasone administration in pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery and on foetal parameters, in terms of development of RDS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective observational study on pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery who were administered a single dose 24 mg injection betamethasone...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Emel Sezici, Deniz Yigit
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of swinging and playing of white noise on the crying and sleeping durations of colicky babies. BACKGROUND: Infantile colic (IC) is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits among babies younger than 3 months. One of five babies older than 3 months also experiences IC. IC, unlike gastrointestinal problems, is regarded as an individual differentiation and maturation of the central nervous system...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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