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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713343/the-bacterial-ecosystem-of-mother-s-milk-and-infant-s-mouth-and-gut
#1
Elena Biagi, Sara Quercia, Arianna Aceti, Isadora Beghetti, Simone Rampelli, Silvia Turroni, Giacomo Faldella, Marco Candela, Patrizia Brigidi, Luigi Corvaglia
The progressive building of the infants' gut microbiota is pivotal for educating their immune system. Human breast milk is among the first sources of microbes for the assembly of the infant's microbiota, but research struggles to give a demonstration for the origin of bacteria in milk. Aiming at contributing to the knowledge on assembly of the mother's milk and infant's microbiome, here we characterized the oral, gut and milk ecosystems in a homogeneous cohort of 36 healthy mother-infants pairs, by 16S rRNA next-generation sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658797/effect-of-single-dose-betamethasone-administration-in-pregnancy-on-maternal-and-newborn-parameters
#2
Komal Gaur, Barna Ganguly
INTRODUCTION: Antenatal corticosteroids play an important role in preventing Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) but benefits related to time between corticosteroid administration and delivery need to be explored. AIM: To observe the effect of betamethasone administration in pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery and on foetal parameters, in terms of development of RDS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective observational study on pregnant women at risk of preterm delivery who were administered a single dose 24 mg injection betamethasone...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618052/comparison-between-swinging-and-playing-of-white-noise-among-colicky-babies-a-paired-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Emel Sezici, Deniz Yigit
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of swinging and playing of white noise on the crying and sleeping durations of colicky babies. BACKGROUND: Infantile colic (IC) is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits among babies younger than 3 months. One out of five babies older than 3 months also experiences IC. IC, unlike gastrointestinal problems, is regarded as an individual differentiation and maturation of the central nervous system...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610460/vitamin-d-levels-in-newborns-and-association-with-neonatal-hypocalcemia
#4
Büşra Yılmaz, Canan Aygün, Erhan Çetinoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D has many important functions in our body. Especially in intrauterine and early infancy periods, Vitamin D plays a major role in bone development, growth, and the maturation of tissues such as lung and brain. Fetus is dependent on the mother in terms of Vitamin D and maternal Vitamin D deficiency results in a Vitamin D deficient newborn. The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of Vitamin D in newborns and to investigate the association between Vitamin D status of the baby and neonatal hypocalcemia...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583159/exploring-the-strategies-that-midwives-in-british-columbia-use-to-promote-normal-birth
#5
Michelle M Butler
BACKGROUND: Rates of normal birth have been declining steadily over the past 20 years, despite the evidence of the benefits to mother and baby. This is most obvious in steadily increasing caesarean section rates across countries and studies of the factors involved suggest it may be more to do with the organization of maternity care and the preferences of healthcare providers than changes in maternal or demographic conditions. The proportion of women in British Columbia (BC) receiving care from a midwife continues to grow and there is a particular focus on promoting and supporting normal pregnancy and birth in the midwifery philosophy of care...
June 5, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511458/maternal-and-cord-blood-plasma-seng-and-tgf-%C3%AE-1-in-patients-with-hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-a-pilot-study-in-a-south-indian-population
#6
Vickneshwaran Vinayagam, Zachariah Bobby, Syed Habeebullah, Latha Chaturvedula, Shruthi K Bharadwaj
INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (HDP) are one of the most widespread complications of pregnancy that affects both mother and foetus. It has been observed that in Preeclampsia, the release of soluble angiogenic factors from the ischemic placenta into maternal plasma plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis. AIM: To assess the plasma Soluble Endoglin (sEng) and Transforming Growth Factor (TGF-β1) levels in various types of HDP and to correlate the levels of these markers with the pregnancy outcome...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509564/maternal-time-use-and-nurturing-analysis-of-the-association-between-breastfeeding-practice-and-time-spent-interacting-with-baby
#7
Julie P Smith, Robert Forrester
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding supports child development through complex mechanisms that are not well understood. Numerous studies have compared how well breastfeeding and nonbreastfeeding mothers interact with their child, but few examine how much interaction occurs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our study of weekly time use among 156 mothers of infants aged 3-9 months investigated whether lactating mothers spend more time providing emotional support or cognitive stimulation of their infants than nonbreastfeeding mothers, and whether the amount of such interactive time is associated with breastfeeding intensity...
June 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499473/-child-protection-a-question-of-society
#8
Nicolas Klein
Child protection is a sector undergoing major changes in which local authorities play a central role. There are several different types of child protection measures covering different needs: monitoring in the home, foster family, placement in a children's home or a stay in a mother-and-baby centre for young mothers. For all these children and adolescents, leaving care is a key moment which requires support.
May 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493755/affect-contagion-between-mothers-and-infants-examining-valence-and-touch
#9
Sara F Waters, Tessa V West, Helena R Karnilowicz, Wendy Berry Mendes
Mothers and their babies represent one of the closest dyadic units and thus provide a powerful paradigm to examine how affective states are shared, and result in, synchronized physiologic responses between two people. We recruited mothers and their 12- to 14-month-old infants (Ndyads = 98) to complete a lab study in which mothers were initially separated from their infants and assigned to either a low-arousal positive/relaxation condition, intended to elicit parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) reactivity, or a high-arousal negative/stress task, intended to elicit sympathetic nervous system (SNS) reactivity...
July 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488805/breastfeeding-considerations-for-mothers-of-infants-with-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome
#10
REVIEW
Amy P Holmes, Holly N Schmidlin, Eliana N Kurzum
Breastfeeding offers many benefits to both mother and baby. Breastfeeding is generally recommended for mothers of infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) unless some associated risk outweighs the benefits. Evidence indicates that infants with NAS who receive human milk require less pharmacologic treatment and have shorter hospital lengths of stay. Perhaps the greatest barrier to breastfeeding for women with opioid dependence is the inaccurate and inconsistent information they receive from different sources, including health care professionals...
May 10, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480845/risk-factors-of-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-georgia
#11
S Chincharadze, Z Vadachkoria, I Mchedlishvili
A case-control study was conducted to reveal risk factors for cleft lip and palate. The main group consisted of 41mothers of infants with orofacial clefts (cleft lip and/or palate) who were born in Tbilisi maternity houses during 2015-2016. The control group was composed of 61 mothers who have given birth to healthy babies in the same maternity houses. Information on possible risk factors was collected using a special form. In order to evaluate a role of these risk factors, bivariate analysis was conducted at the first stage of the study...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467127/markers-of-obesity-and-growth-in-preeclamptic-and-normotensive-pregnant-women
#12
S Kharb, J Bala, S Nanda
The objective of the study was to analyse leptin, IGF-1, Apo A, lipoproteins, haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1) in maternal sera and venous umbilical cord sera of newborn babies of 25 preeclamptics (group II), and 25 normotensive pregnant women (group I) as markers of obesity and growth in preeclamptic and normotensive pregnant women. Apo A I and II levels were estimated by competitive immunoassay using direct chemiluminiscence technology. Haem oxygenase-1 (HO-1), leptin and IGF-1 were analysed by ELISA. Maternal and cord blood levels of homocysteine, folic acid, lipid profile (namely, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-C, VLDL-C and HDL-C), Haem oxygenase 1 were higher in preeclamptic women as compared to normotensive pregnant women...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434689/early-childhood-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-prior-to-the-first-hepatitis-b-vaccine-dose-is-rare-among-babies-born-to-hiv-infected-and-non-hiv-infected-mothers-in-gulu-uganda
#13
E Seremba, J P Van Geertruyden, R Ssenyonga, C K Opio, J M Kaducu, J B Sempa, R Colebunders, P Ocama
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B (HBV) in sub-Saharan Africa is believed to be horizontally acquired. However, because of the high HBV prevalence in northern Uganda, no hepatitis B vaccination at birth and no access to HBV immunoglobulin, we hypothesize that vertical transmission also could also play an important role. We therefore investigated the incidence of HBV among babies presenting for their first HBV vaccine dose in Gulu, Uganda. METHODS: We recruited mothers and their babies (at least 6-week old) presenting for their postnatal care and first HBV vaccine dose respectively...
May 19, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421025/the-use-of-lausanne-trilogue-play-in-three-cases-of-gastroschisis-diagnosed-during-pregnancy
#14
Sandra Pellizzoni, Antonella Tripani, Marina Miscioscia, Rosella Giuliani, Andrea Clarici
From pregnancy to the 1st years of a child's life, families develop and increase representations and interactive competences toward the child. Prenatal diagnosis of a severe fetus' defect could profoundly alter the parental perception and development of these representations. The aim of the study was to evaluate triadic interactions in families, whose baby was prenatally diagnosed with severe gastroschisis. Three families took part in the preliminary case study, which was carried out when the babies were 6 months old...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407851/time-dependent-changes-and-prognostic-value-of-lactatemia-during-the-first-24%C3%A2-h-of-life-in-brachycephalic-newborn-dogs
#15
C Castagnetti, M Cunto, C Bini, J Mariella, S Capolongo, D Zambelli
Blood lactate concentration is known to be a good prognostic indicator associated with the severity of illness and the patient's outcome both in human and veterinary medicine. It also plays a significant role in the assessment of the newborn, being a good indicator of fetal hypoxia and the ideal predictor of morbidity at term in babies. In veterinary neonatal medicine, hyperlactatemia is considered a valid prognostic marker in critically ill foals; moreover, blood lactate measurement has been proposed for the evaluation of newborn viability and the assessment of fetal distress during delivery in dogs...
May 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404461/experiences-and-perspectives-of-mothers-of-the-pertussis-vaccination-programme-in-london
#16
C G Winslade, C M Heffernan, C J Atchison
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a pertussis outbreak prompted a national vaccination programme for pregnant women, which provides passive protection for infants. Vaccine uptake in London is consistently lower than elsewhere in the UK. There are few studies looking at the reasons why pregnant women accept or refuse pertussis vaccination. Therefore, this study aimed to gain a better understanding of London women's views and experiences, to identify how services might be improved. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative semi-structured interviews study...
February 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347907/through-babies-eyes-practical-and-theoretical-considerations-of-using-wearable-technology-to-measure-parent-infant-behaviour-from-the-mothers-and-infants-view-points
#17
R Lee, A Skinner, M H Bornstein, A N Radford, A Campbell, K Graham, R M Pearson
AIMS: To explore the utility of first-person viewpoint cameras at home, for recording mother and infant behaviour, and for reducing problems associated with participant reactivity, which represent a fundamental bias in observational research. METHODS: We compared footage recording the same play interactions from a traditional third-person point of view (3rd PC) and using cameras worn on headbands (first-person cameras [1st PCs]) to record first-person points of view of mother and infant simultaneously...
May 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165855/genome-wide-dna-methylation-associations-with-spontaneous-preterm-birth-in-us-blacks-findings-in-maternal-and-cord-blood-samples
#18
Xiumei Hong, Ben Sherwood, Christine Ladd-Acosta, Shouneng Peng, Hongkai Ji, Ke Hao, Irina Burd, Tami R Bartell, Guoying Wang, Hui-Ju Tsai, Xin Liu, Yuelong Ji, Anastacia Wahl, Deanna Caruso, Aviva Lee-Parritz, Barry Zuckerman, Xiaobin Wang
Preterm birth (PTB) affects one in six U.S. Black babies. Epigenetics is believed to play a role in PTB; however, only a limited number of epigenetic studies of PTB have been reported, most of which have focused on cord blood DNA methylation (DNAm) and/or were conducted in white populations. Here we conducted, by far, the largest epigenome-wide DNAm analysis in 300 Black women who delivered early spontaneous preterm (sPTB, n = 150) or full-term babies (n = 150) and replicated the findings in an independent set of Black mother-newborn pairs from the Boston Birth Cohort...
February 6, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141711/an-8-year-old-boy-with-treatment-resistant-encopresis
#19
Martin T Stein, Marc A Benninga, Barbara T Felt
Paul is an 8-year-old boy with a long-standing history of encopresis and enuresis. Potty training was initiated when he was 2 years old. At this time, his mother was absent from the home for 6 weeks when she cared for her ill father in a different city. The process of teaching Paul to use the bathroom was described as "inconsistent" due to multiple caretakers.Paul never successfully mastered bowel and bladder control. He continues to wet and soil his clothes on a daily basis at home and school. According to his parents, he does not accept responsibility and comments about his soiling such as, "I didn't do it; someone else must have put it there...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007788/chemical-identification-of-maternal-signature-odors-in-rat
#20
Leam Sreng, Brice Temime-Roussel, Henri Wortham, Christiane Mourre
Newborn altricial mammals need just after birth to locate their mother's nipples for suckling. In this precocious behavior, including for the human baby, maternal odor via the olfactory process plays a major role. Maternal odor emitted by lactating females or by amniotic fluid (AF) attracts pups, but the chemical identity of this attractant has not yet been elucidated. Here, using behavioral tests and gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS) techniques, we show that AF extracts from rat pregnant female, nipples, ventral skin, milk, and nest extracts of mother contained 3-6 active substances...
March 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
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