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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346832/tcf21-rs12190287-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-ventricular-septal-defects-in-a-chinese-population
#1
Liping Yang, Xiaobo Gao, Haiyan Luo, Qiuyu Huang, Dongmei Su, Xinyu Tan, Cailing Lu
AIMS: TCF21 knockout mice display cardiac defects, including ventricular septal defects (VSDs). Functional rs12190287 polymorphisms located within the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) of TCF21 were associated with a risk of coronary heart disease in the European and Eastern populations. However, whether rs12190287 polymorphisms in the TCF21-3'UTR confer predisposition to congenital heart disease (CHD) is unclear. METHODS: A case-control study was designed consisting of 781 nonsyndromic VSD patients and 867 non-CHD control subjects...
March 27, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345646/association-of-high-normal-hba1c-and-tsh-levels-with-the-risk-of-chd-a-10-year-cohort-study-and-svm-analysis
#2
Hui Li, Ying Cui, Yanan Zhu, Haiying Yan, Wenge Xu
This study aimed to determine the association between the clinical reference range of serum glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and thyrotropin (TSH) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in non-diabetic and euthyroid patients. We examined baseline HbA1c and TSH in 538 healthy participants, and then analyzed the associations and potential value of these indicators for predicting CHD using Cox proportional hazard and support vector machine analyses. During the median follow-up of 120 months, 39 participants later developed CHD...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344686/comparison-of-image-quality-diagnostic-accuracy-and-radiation-dose-between-flash-model-and-retrospective-ecg-triggered-protocols-in-dual-source-computed-tomography-dsct-in-congenital-heart-diseases
#3
Rong Wang, Xiang-Jiu Xu, Gang Huang, Xing Zhou, Wen-Wen Zhang, Ya-Qiong Ma, Xiao-Na Zuo
BACKGROUND: Dual source computed tomography (DSCT) plays an important role in the diagnosis of congenital heart diseases (CHD). However, the issue of radiation-related side effects constitutes a wide public concern. The aim of the study was to explore the differences in diagnostic accuracy, radiation dose and image quality between a prospectively ECG - triggered high - pitch spiral acquisition (flash model) and a retrospective ECG-gated protocol of DSCT used for the detection of CHD. MATERIAL/METHODS: The study included 58 patients with CHD who underwent a DSCT examination, including two groups of 29 patients in each protocol...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343948/left-ventricular-non-compaction-a-cardiomyopathy-with-acceptable-prognosis-in-children
#4
Tao Tian, Yankun Yang, Lanlan Zhou, Fang Luo, Yuehua Li, Peng Fan, Xueqi Dong, Yaxin Liu, Jingang Cui, Xianliang Zhou
BACKGROUND: Data on children with left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC) is sparse. The purpose of this study was to evaluate its clinical profiles in a population of Chinese children. METHODS: From January 2010 to March 2016, consecutive Chinese children (aged <18 years) with LVNC diagnosed by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) were prospectively recruited at Fuwai Hospital. RESULTS: A total of 41 Chinese children (male: 28%; mean age: 14±4years) were included in this study...
March 1, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343601/effects-of-rg7652-a-monoclonal-antibody-against-pcsk9-on-ldl-c-ldl-c-subfractions-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-in-patients-at-high-risk-of-or-with-established-coronary-heart-disease-from-the-phase-2-equator-study
#5
Amos Baruch, Sofia Mosesova, John D Davis, Nageshwar Budha, Alexandr Vilimovskij, Robert Kahn, Kun Peng, Kyra J Cowan, Laura Pascasio Harris, Thomas Gelzleichter, Josh Lehrer, John C Davis, Whittemore G Tingley
RG7652 (MPSK3169A), a fully human immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) monoclonal antibody directed against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), blocks the interaction between PCSK9 and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor. EQUATOR (ClinicalTrials.govNCT01609140), a randomized, double-blind, and dose-ranging phase 2 study, evaluated RG7652 in patients (1) at high risk for or (2) with coronary heart disease (CHD). The primary end point was change in LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) from baseline to day 169. Patients (n = 248; median age, 64 years; 57% men; 52% with established CHD; 82% on statins) with baseline LDL-C levels of 90 to 250 mg/dl (mean, 126 mg/dl) continuing on standard-of-care therapy were randomized to receive 1 of 5 RG7652 doses or placebo, subcutaneously every 4, 8, or 12 weeks for 24 weeks...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343600/comparison-of-late-mortality-among-twins-versus-singletons-with-congenital-heart-defects
#6
Anne Maria Herskind, Lisbeth Aagaard Larsen, Dorthe Almind Pedersen, Kaare Christensen
In 2014, in the United States, nearly 7% of newborns were twins. Congenital heart defects (CHDs) are more frequent in both monozygotic and dizygotic twins than in singletons. Still, the longer-term prognosis for CHD twins is unknown. Here we assess the mortality pattern for CHD twins up to age 36 years and compare it with that for non-CHD twins, non-CHD co-twins, and CHD singletons. We identified all twins and a 5% random sample of all singletons born in Denmark from 1977 to 2009 by linking Danish national population and health registers...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343597/national-trends-and-in-hospital-outcomes-in-pregnant-women-with-heart-disease-in-the-united-states
#7
Fabio V Lima, Jie Yang, Jianjin Xu, Kathleen Stergiopoulos
Investigation of trends and outcomes in heart disease (HD) and pregnancy has been limited. We chose to identify the prevalence, trends, and outcomes of pregnant women with different forms of HD in the United States. Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Inpatient Sample was screened for hospital admissions for delivery in pregnant women with HD from 2003 to 2012. Maternal clinical characteristics and outcomes were identified in women with and without HD, and in HD subtypes: congenital (CHD), valvular HD, cardiomyopathy, and pulmonary hypertension (PH)...
February 28, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342658/educational-needs-of-adolescents-with-congenital-heart-disease-impact-of-a-transition-intervention-programme
#8
Magalie Ladouceur, Johanna Calderon, Maladon Traore, Radhia Cheurfi, Christine Pagnon, Diala Khraiche, Fanny Bajolle, Damien Bonnet
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have complex health needs and require lifelong follow-up. Interventions to facilitate the paediatric-to-adult healthcare transition are recommended, but outcomes remain largely under-investigated. AIMS: To identify the educational needs and the impact of a transition intervention on knowledge and self-management skills in adolescents and young adults with CHD. METHODS: From September 2014 to May 2015, 115 adolescents and young adults with CHD (mean age 17±2 years; 47 girls) were consecutively enrolled...
March 22, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341902/red-flags-for-maltese-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-poorer-dental-care-and-less-sports-participation-compared-to-other-european-patients-an-approach-is-substudy
#9
Maryanne Caruana, Silke Apers, Adrienne H Kovacs, Koen Luyckx, Corina Thomet, Werner Budts, Maayke Sluman, Katrine Eriksen, Mikael Dellborg, Malin Berghammer, Bengt Johansson, Alexandra Soufi, Edward Callus, Philip Moons, Victor Grech
Studies in recent years have explored lifestyle habits and health-risk behaviours in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients when compared to controls. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in lifestyle habits between Maltese and other European ACHD patients. Data on alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, substance misuse, dental care and physical activity collected in 2013-2015 during "Assessment of Patterns of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Adults with Congenital Heart disease-International Study" (APPROACH-IS) were analysed...
March 24, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340978/adult-congenital-heart-disease-nurse-coordination-essential-skills-and-role-in-optimizing-team-based-care-a-position-statement-from-the-international-society-for-adult-congenital-heart-disease-isachd
#10
Christina Sillman, Joanne Morin, Corina Thomet, Deena Barber, Yoshiko Mizuno, Hsiao-Ling Yang, Theresa Malpas, Serena Francesca Flocco, Clare Finlay, Chi-Wen Chen, Yvonne Balon, Susan M Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Founded in 1992, the International Society for Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ISACHD) is the leading global organization of professionals dedicated to pursuing excellence in the care of adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) worldwide. Among ISACHD's objectives is to "promote a holistic team-based approach to the care of the adult with CHD that is comprehensive, patient-centered, and interdisciplinary" (http://www.isachd.org). This emphasis on team-based care reflects the fact that adults with CHD constitute a heterogeneous population with a wide spectrum of disease complexity, frequent association with other organ involvement, and varied co-morbidities and psychosocial issues...
February 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338862/family-aggregation-of-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-a-register-based-prospective-study-of-pooled-nordic-twin-cohorts
#11
Karri Silventoinen, Jacob Hjelmborg, Sören Möller, Samuli Ripatti, Axel Skythe, Emmi Tikkanen, Nancy L Pedersen, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Kaare Christensen, Jaakko Kaprio
Background: Familial factors play an important role in the variation of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but less is known about how they affect the risk of death from CVD. We estimated familial aggregation of CVD mortality for twins offering the maximum level of risk due to genetic and other familial factors. Methods: Altogether, 132 771 twin individuals, including 65 196 complete pairs from Denmark, Finland and Sweden born in 1958 or earlier, participated in this study...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338434/coexistence-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-worsens-the-overall-outcome-of-intracranial-aneurysm-a-pioneer-study
#12
Shyamal C Bir, Anil Nanda, Hugo Cuellar, Hai Sun, Bharat Guthikonda, Cesar Liendo, Alireza Minagar, Oleg Y Chernyshev
OBJECTIVE Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with the progression of abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms. However, the role of OSA in the overall outcome of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) has not yet been established. Authors of this report investigated the role of OSA in the overall outcome of IAs. METHODS Radiological and clinical data on patients (from 2010 through 2015) with confirmed IA were retrospectively reviewed. Significant differences between the OSA and non-OSA groups were determined using a chi-square test...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336264/genomic-imbalances-in-syndromic-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Miriam C Molck, Milena Simioni, Társis P Vieira, Ilária C Sgardioli, Fabíola P Monteiro, Josiane Souza, Agnes C Fett-Conte, Têmis M Félix, Isabella L Monlléo, Vera Lúcia Gil-da-Silva-Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To identify pathogenic genomic imbalances in patients presenting congenital heart disease (CHD) with extra cardiac anomalies and exclusion of 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2 DS). METHODS: 78 patients negative for the 22q11.2 deletion, previously screened by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and/or multiplex ligation probe amplification (MLPA) were tested by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA). RESULTS: Clinically significant copy number variations (CNVs ≥300kb) were identified in 10% (8/78) of cases...
March 20, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336112/evaluation-of-daily-ginger-consumption-for-the-prevention-of-chronic-diseases-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Yu Wang, Hongxia Yu, Xiulei Zhang, Qiyan Feng, Xiaoyan Guo, Shuguang Li, Rong Li, Dan Chu, Yunbo Ma
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess daily ginger consumption and explore its correlation with chronic diseases among adults and to analyze further how different levels of ginger intake affect the prevalence of chronic diseases. METHODS: We examined the prevalence rate of chronic diseases (diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease [CHD], hyperlipidemia, cerebrovascular disease, fatty liver, anemia, and tumor), as well as the daily ginger intake in a large cross-sectional study...
April 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335676/physiopathological-approach-to-infective-endocarditis-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-left-heart-versus-right-heart-involvement
#15
Yassamine Bentata
Infectious endocarditis (IE), a complication that is both cardiac and infectious, occurs frequently and is associated with a heavy burden of morbidity and mortality in chronic hemodialysis patients (CHD). About 2-6% of chronic hemodialysis patients develop IE and the incidence is 50-60 times higher among CHD patients than in the general population. The left heart is the most frequent location of IE in CHD and the different published series report a prevalence of left valve involvement varying from 80% to 100%...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334490/mr-cholangiography-in-potential-liver-donors-quantitative-and-qualitative-improvement-with-administration-of-an-oral-effervescent-agent
#16
Heon-Ju Kwon, Kyoung Won Kim, Sang Hyun Choi, Jin-Hee Jung, So Yeon Kim, Se-Young Kim, Jeongjin Lee, Dong-Hwan Jung, Tae-Yong Ha, Gi-Won Song, Sung-Gyu Lee
PURPOSE: To determine whether an oral effervescent agent improves magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) images, both qualitatively and quantitatively, in potential live liver donors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board, and informed consent was waived. Seventy potential liver donors underwent 2D MRC before and after administration of an oral effervescent agent. One radiologist measured relative contrast ratio (rC) and relative signal intensity (rS) for right and left intrahepatic ducts (RHD and LHD), and common hepatic duct (CHD)...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330902/regulation-of-nucleosome-positioning-by-a-chd-type-iii-chromatin-remodeler-and-its-relationship-to-developmental-gene-expression-in-dictyostelium
#17
James L Platt, Nicholas A Kent, Alan R Kimmel, Adrian J Harwood
Nucleosome placement and repositioning can direct transcription of individual genes; however, the precise interactions of these events are complex and largely unresolved at the whole-genome level. The Chromodomain-Helicase-DNA binding (CHD) Type III proteins are a subfamily of SWI2/SNF2 proteins that control nucleosome positioning and are associated with several complex human disorders, including CHARGE syndrome and autism. Type III CHDs are required for multicellular development of animals and Dictyostelium but are absent in plants and yeast...
March 22, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330522/passive-range-of-motion-exercise-to-enhance-growth-in-infants-following-the-norwood-procedure-a-safety-and-feasibility-trial
#18
Linda M Lambert, Felicia L Trachtenberg, Victoria L Pemberton, Janine Wood, Shelley Andreas, Robin Schlosser, Teresa Barnard, Kaitlyn Daniels, Ann T Harrington, Nicholas Dagincourt, Thomas A Miller
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of a passive range of motion exercise programme for infants with CHD. Study design This non-randomised pilot study enrolled 20 neonates following Stage I palliation for single-ventricle physiology. Trained physical therapists administered standardised 15-20-minute passive range of motion protocol, for up to 21 days or until hospital discharge. Safety assessments included vital signs measured before, during, and after the exercise as well as adverse events recorded through the pre-Stage II follow-up...
March 23, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329429/racial-disparity-in-life-expectancies-and-life-years-lost-associated-with-multiple-obesity-related-chronic-conditions
#19
Su-Hsin Chang, Yao-Chi Yu, Nils P Carlsson, Xiaoyan Liu, Graham A Colditz
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated racial disparity in life expectancies (LEs) and life years lost (LYL) associated with multiple obesity-related chronic conditions (OCCs). METHODS: Data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2008-2012, were used. Four OCCs were studied: diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke. LE for each subpopulation was simulated by Markov modelling. LYL associated with a disease for a subpopulation was computed by taking the difference between LEs for members of that subpopulation without disease and LEs for members of that subpopulation who had that disease...
March 22, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329380/subclinical-thyroid-dysfunction-and-cardiovascular-diseases-2016-update
#20
Carmen Floriani, Baris Gencer, Tinh-Hai Collet, Nicolas Rodondi
Subclinical thyroid dysfunction comprises subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo), defined as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) by normal free thyroxine (FT4), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) with decreased or undetectable TSH and normal FT4. Up to 10% of the elderly have SHypo, which is usually asymptomatic. Individual participant data (IPD) analyses of prospective cohort studies from the international Thyroid Studies Collaboration show that SHypo is associated with increased coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality [hazard ratio (HR) 1,58 for TSH ≥ 10 mIU/L, 95% CI 1...
February 27, 2017: European Heart Journal
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