keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Maternal -baby play

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346936/differential-establishment-of-bifidobacteria-in-the-breastfed-infant-gut
#1
Zachery T Lewis, David A Mills
The composition of an infant's gut microbiome can impact their immediate and long-term health. Bifdobacteria play a major role in structuring the gut microbiome of breastfed infants due to their ability to consume oligosaccharides found in human milk. However, recent studies have revealed that bifidobacteria are often absent in the gut microbiome of breastfed infants in some locations. This lack of colonization may be due either to differences in the environmental conditions in the gastrointestinal tract of uncolonized infants which prohibit the growth of bifidobacteria or a dearth of sources from which infants may acquire these specialized bacterial species...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346523/a-moderate-diet-restriction-during-pregnancy-alters-the-levels-of-endocannabinoids-and-endocannabinoid-related-lipids-in-the-hypothalamus-hippocampus-and-olfactory-bulb-of-rat-offspring-in-a-sex-specific-manner
#2
María Teresa Ramírez-López, Mariam Vázquez, Ermelinda Lomazzo, Clementine Hofmann, Rosario Noemi Blanco, Francisco Alén, María Antón, Juan Decara, Rocío Arco, Laura Orio, Juan Suárez, Beat Lutz, Raquel Gómez de Heras, Laura Bindila, Fernando Rodríguez de Fonseca
Undernutrition during pregnancy has been associated to increased vulnerability to develop metabolic and behavior alterations later in life. The endocannabinoid system might play an important role in these processes. Therefore, we investigated the effects of a moderate maternal calorie-restricted diet on the levels of the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG), arachidonic acid (AA) and the N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) anandamide (AEA), oleoylethanolamide (OEA) and palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) in the brain of newborn rat offspring...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345805/promoter-hypermethylation-mediated-downregulation-of-mir-770-and-its-host-gene-meg3-a-long-non-coding-rna-in-the-development-of-gastric-cardia-adenocarcinoma
#3
Wei Guo, Zhiming Dong, Shengnan Liu, Yiling Qiao, Gang Kuang, Yanli Guo, Supeng Shen, Jia Liang
Maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3) is an imprinted gene located at 14q32 which encodes an lncRNA and is downregulated in an expanding list of cancer cell lines and primary human cancers. The miR-770 is transcribed from the intronic sequence of MEG3 and MEG3 may be the host gene for miR-770. However, the biological role of MEG3 and miR-770 in gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) development and prognosis is poorly defined. The present study was to investigate the function and methylation status of MEG3 in GCA, and further to detect the functional association of miR-770 and its host gene MEG3 in GCA carcinogenesis and prognosis...
March 27, 2017: Molecular Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345115/counseling-practices-for-fetal-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#4
Michael J Walsh, George R Verghese, M Eric Ferguson, Nora F Fino, David J Goldberg, Sonal T Owens, Nelangi Pinto, Sinai C Zyblewski, Michael D Quartermain
While counseling parents of a fetus diagnosed with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), pediatric cardiologists play a critical role in shaping a family's expectations for the months and years to come. However, techniques for the most effective counseling practices have not been studied, and significant variation among physicians is likely present. Web-based survey of pediatric cardiologists that perform fetal echocardiography using snowball sampling. 201 physicians responded (61% male, 81% from academic centers, and 95% from the U...
March 27, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340094/nlrp2-is-a-suppressor-of-nf-%C3%A6-b-signaling-and-hla-c-expression-in-human-trophoblasts
#5
Tamara Tilburgs, Torsten B Meissner, Leonardo M R Ferreira, Arend Mulder, Kiran Musunuru, Junqiang Ye, Jack L Strominger
During human pregnancy, fetal extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) play a key role in the regulation of maternal T cell and NK cell responses. EVT display a unique combination of Human Leukocyte Antigens (HLA); EVT do not express HLA-A and HLA-B, but do express HLA-C, HLA-E and HLA-G. The mechanisms establishing this unique HLA expression pattern have not been fully elucidated. The MHC class I and class II transcriptional activators NLRC5 and CIITA are expressed neither by EVT nor by the EVT model cell line JEG3, which has an MHC expression pattern identical to that of EVT...
March 7, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339338/fertility-treatments-among-female-cancer-survivors-giving-birth-a-finnish-register-based-study
#6
Johanna Melin, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Sirpa Heinävaara, Nea Malila, Mika Gissler, Aila Tiitinen
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival rates for most types of childhood cancers have improved dramatically over the past decades. However, because of advances in multimodality treatments, cancer survivors nowadays more often face long-term complications, including diminished gonadal and reproductive function. The aim of this study was to identify whether the use of fertility treatments among early onset (0-34 years) cancer survivors giving birth differed from that among siblings giving birth and to identify the subgroups of cancer survivors that were most likely to require fertility treatments...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333301/preconception-maternal-lipoprotein-levels-in-relation-to-fecundability
#7
Sarah J Pugh, Enrique F Schisterman, Richard W Browne, Anne M Lynch, Sunni L Mumford, Neil J Perkins, Robert Silver, Lindsey Sjaarda, Joseph B Stanford, Jean Wactawski-Wende, Brian Wilcox, Katherine L Grantz
STUDY QUESTION: Are maternal preconception lipid levels associated with fecundability? SUMMARY ANSWER: Fecundability was reduced for all abnormal female lipid levels including total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and total triglyceride levels. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Subfecundity affects 7-15% of the population and lipid disorders are hypothesized to play a role since cholesterol acts as a substrate for the synthesis of steroid hormones...
March 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#8
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325649/elemental-analysis-of-serum-and-hair-from-pre-eclamptic-south-african-women
#9
K Maduray, J Moodley, C Soobramoney, R Moodley, T Naicker
Pre-eclampsia is a hypertensive disorder that is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. It has been proposed that specific trace and macro elements associated with antioxidant activities may also play a contributory role in aetiology of pre-eclampsia. The aim of this study was to measure the concentrations of thirteen different elements in hair and serum samples from women with a diagnosis of pre-eclampsia and compare them with normotensive controls. Venous blood and pubic hair samples were collected from forty-three pre-eclamptic and twenty-three normotensive pregnant women...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324224/elective-caesarean-section-on-maternal-request-in-germany-factors-affecting-decision-making-concerning-mode-of-delivery
#10
Paul Philipp Stützer, Sebastian Berlit, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Marc Sütterlin, Benjamin Tuschy
PURPOSE: To investigate sociopsychological factors of women undergoing a caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Twenty-eight women who underwent CSMR and 29 women with vaginal delivery (VD) filled in standardized questionnaires concerning psychological burden (SCL-R 90), fear of childbirth (W-DEQ, STAI), personality structure (HEXACO-Pi-R) and social support (F-SozU) as well as one questionnaire assessing potential factors influencing their mode of delivery...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323944/from-pregnancy-to-preeclampsia-a-key-role-for-estrogens
#11
Nadia Berkane, Philippe Liere, Jean-Paul Oudinet, Alexandre Hertig, Guillaume Lefèvre, Nicola Pluchino, Michael Schumacher, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet
Preeclampsia (PE) results of placental dysfunction and is one of the primary causes of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. During pregnancy, estrogen is produced primarily in the placenta by conversion of androgen precursors originating from maternal and fetal adrenal glands. These processes lead to increased plasma estrogen concentrations compared to non-pregnant women. Aberrant production of estrogens could play a key role in PE symptoms, since they are exclusively produced by the placenta and they promote angiogenesis and vasodilation...
March 3, 2017: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323615/stella-modulates-transcriptional-and-endogenous-retrovirus-programs-during-maternal-to-zygotic-transition
#12
Yun Huang, Jong Kyoung Kim, Dang Vinh Do, Caroline Lee, Christopher A Penfold, Jan J Zylicz, John C Marioni, Jamie A Hackett, M Azim Surani
The maternal-to-zygotic transition (MZT) marks the period when the embryonic genome is activated and acquires control of development. Maternally inherited factors play a key role in this critical developmental process, which occurs at the 2-cell stage in mice. We investigated the function of the maternally inherited factor STELLA (DPPA3) using single-cell/embryo approaches. We show that loss of maternal STELLA results in widespread transcriptional mis-regulation and a partial failure of MZT. Strikingly, activation of endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) is significantly impaired in Stella maternal/zygotic knockout embryos, which in turn leads to a failure to upregulate chimeric transcripts...
March 21, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322228/a-clear-bias-in-parental-origin-of-de-novo-pathogenic-cnvs-related-to-intellectual-disability-developmental-delay-and-multiple-congenital-anomalies
#13
Ruiyu Ma, Linbei Deng, Yan Xia, Xianda Wei, Yingxi Cao, Ruolan Guo, Rui Zhang, Jing Guo, Desheng Liang, Lingqian Wu
Copy number variation (CNV) is of great significance in human evolution and disorders. Through tracing the parent-of-origin of de novo pathogenic CNVs, we are expected to investigate the relative contributions of germline genomic stability on reproductive health. In our study, short tandem repeat (STR) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) were used to determine the parent-of-origin of 87 de novo pathogenic CNVs found in unrelated patients with intellectual disability (ID), developmental delay (DD) and multiple congenital anomalies (MCA)...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322134/reproductive-microbiomes
#14
Michael L Power, Caroline Quaglieri, Jay Schulkin
Almost every part of our body has a coevolved microbial community. The expressed microbial genes comprise the various microbiomes that play important roles in normal physiology and development. The various microbiomes are separate, yet often connected, with the species composition of one affecting others. The female reproductive system microbiomes (eg, vaginal, placental, and mammary/milk) remain less well explored than the gut microbiome although they comprise a large proportion of the female microbial network...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321257/class-specific-histone-deacetylase-inhibitors-promote-11-beta-hydroxysteroid-dehydrogenase-type-2-expression-in-jeg-3-cells
#15
Katie L Togher, Louise C Kenny, Gerard W O'Keeffe
Exposure to maternal cortisol plays a crucial role in fetal organogenesis. However, fetal overexposure to cortisol has been linked to a range of short- and long-term adverse outcomes. Normally, this is prevented by the expression of an enzyme in the placenta called 11-beta hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11β-HSD2) which converts active cortisol to its inactive metabolite cortisone. Placental 11β-HSD2 is known to be reduced in a number of adverse pregnancy complications, possibly through an epigenetic mechanism...
2017: International Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320787/investigating-skin-to-skin-care-patterns-with-extremely-preterm-infants-in-the-nicu-and-their-effect-on-early-cognitive-and-communication-performance-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Jenn Gonya, William C Ray, R Wolfgang Rumpf, Guy Brock
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to investigate how patterns of skin-to-skin care might impact infant early cognitive and communication performance. DESIGN: This was a retrospective cohort study. SETTING: This study took place in a level-IV all-referral neonatal intensive care unit in the Midwest USA specialising in the care of extremely preterm infants. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from the electronic medical records of all extremely preterm infants (gestational age <27 weeks) admitted to the unit during 2010-2011 and who completed 6-month and 12-month developmental assessments in the follow-up clinic (n=97)...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320431/barriers-to-uptake-of-early-infant-hiv-testing-in-zambia-the-role-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-hiv-status-disclosure-within-couples
#17
Karen M Hampanda, Abigail M Nimz, Lisa L Abuogi
BACKGROUND: Early detection of pediatric HIV through uptake of infant HIV testing is critical for access to treatment and child survival. While structural barriers have been well described, a greater understanding of social and behavioral factors that may relate to maternal uptake of early infant HIV testing services is urgently needed. The aim of this study was to explore how gender power dynamics within couples affect HIV-positive women's uptake of early infant HIV testing at a large health center in Lusaka, Zambia...
March 21, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318978/the-mitochondrial-dna-polymerase-promotes-elimination-of-paternal-mitochondrial-genomes
#18
Zhongsheng Yu, Patrick H O'Farrell, Nikita Yakubovich, Steven Z DeLuca
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is typically inherited from only one parent [1-3]. In animals, this is usually the mother. Maternal inheritance is often presented as the passive outcome of the difference in cytoplasmic content of egg and sperm; however, active programs enforce uniparental inheritance at two levels, eliminating paternal mitochondrial genomes or destroying mitochondria delivered to the zygote by the sperm [4-13]. Both levels operate in Drosophila [8, 12, 13]. As sperm formation begins, hundreds of doomed mitochondrial genomes are visualized within the two huge mitochondria of each spermatid...
March 11, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318556/natural-killer-cells-in-placentation-and-cancer-implications-for-hypertension-during-pregnancy
#19
Heather Yvonne Small, Denise C Cornelius, Tomasz J Guzik, Christian Delles
Hypertension during pregnancy is the most common medical condition encountered during gestation. Despite this, knowledge of the mechanisms that underlie the disease and the development of new therapies are limited. Hypertension during pregnancy and some forms of cancer confer an increased risk to the development of cardiovascular disease later in life; one mechanism which may link these conditions is the involvement of natural killer (NK) cells. Whilst immunology and immunotherapy are well-developed areas in oncology; the complex mechanisms of the immune system in health and disease at the maternal-fetal interface are less well-defined...
March 7, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318077/the-effectiveness-of-familiar-auditory-stimulus-on-hospitalized-neonates-physiologic-responses-to-procedural-pain
#20
Elham Azarmnejad, Forogh Sarhangi, Mahrooz Javadi, Nahid Rejeh, Susan Amirsalari, Seyed Davood Tadrisi
Hospitalized neonates usually undergo different painful procedures. This study sought to test the effects of a familiar auditory stimulus on the physiologic responses to pain of venipuncture among neonates in intensive care unit. The study design is quasi-experimental. The randomized clinical trial study was done on 60 full-term neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between March 20 to June 20, 2014. The neonates were conveniently selected and randomly allocated to the control and the experimental groups...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
keyword
keyword
88449
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"