Read by QxMD icon Read

3d kidney stone

Wayne Brisbane, Michael R Bailey, Mathew D Sorensen
Kidney stone imaging is an important diagnostic tool and initial step in deciding which therapeutic options to use for the management of kidney stones. Guidelines provided by the American College of Radiology, American Urological Association, and European Association of Urology differ regarding the optimal initial imaging modality to use to evaluate patients with suspected obstructive nephrolithiasis. Noncontrast CT of the abdomen and pelvis consistently provides the most accurate diagnosis but also exposes patients to ionizing radiation...
August 31, 2016: Nature Reviews. Urology
Hasan Anıl Atalay, Volkan Ülker, İlter Alkan, Halil Lütfi Canat, Ünsal Özkuvancı, Fatih Altunrende
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of three-dimensional (3D) printed pelvicaliceal system models on residents' understanding of pelvicaliceal system anatomy before percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with unilateral complex renal stones indicating PCNL were selected. Usable data of patients were obtained from CT-scans in Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) format. Mimics software version 16.0 (Materialise, Belgium) was used for segmentation and extraction of pelvicaliceal systems (PCSs)...
October 2016: Journal of Endourology
Zahra Najafi, Prashanta Gautam, Bradley F Schwartz, Abhilash J Chandy, Ajay M Mahajan
Ureteral peristalsis can be considered as a series of waves on the ureteral wall, which transfers the urine along the ureter toward the bladder. The stones that form in the kidney and migrate to the ureter can create a substantial health problem due to the pain caused by interaction of the ureteral walls and stones during the peristaltic motion. Three-dimensional (3D) computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were carried out using the commercial code ansys fluent to solve for the peristaltic movement of the ureter, with and without stones...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
M Karzova, B Cunitz, P Yuldashev, Y Andriyakhina, W Kreider, O Sapozhnikov, M Bailey, V Khokhlova
Newer imaging and therapeutic ultrasound technologies require higher in situ pressure levels compared to conventional diagnostic values. One example is the recently developed use of focused ultrasonic radiation force to move kidney stones and residual fragments out of the urinary collecting system. A commercial diagnostic 2.3 MHz C5-2 array probe is used to deliver the acoustic pushing pulses. The probe comprises 128 elements equally spaced at the 55 mm long convex cylindrical surface with 38 mm radius of curvature...
June 2015: AIP Conference Proceedings
Ju G Aljaev, V S Saenko, S V Pesegov
This article presents the experience of applying 3D-computer simulation for treatment planning in patients with coral kidney stones. The impact of the kidney internal structure and the nephrolithiasis stage on the treatment results of the patients with staghorn stones are analyzed on the basis of authors' own experience. They note the usefulness of computer modeling in preoperative planning for improving the treatment results and preventing intraoperative complications.
July 2015: Urologii︠a︡
El-Sayed H Ibrahim, Robert A Pooley, Mellena D Bridges, Joseph G Cernigliaro, William E Haley
Computed tomography (CT) is the current gold standard for imaging kidney stones, albeit at the cost of radiation exposure. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences are insensitive to detecting the stones because of their appearance as a signal void. With the development of 2D ultra-short echo-time (UTE) MRI sequences, it becomes possible to image kidney stones in vitro. In this work, we optimize and implement a modified 3D UTE MRI sequence for imaging kidney stones embedded in agarose phantoms mimicking the kidney tissue and in urine phantoms at 3...
2014: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Shuai Leng, Maria Shiung, Songtao Ai, Mingliang Qu, Terri J Vrtiska, Katharine L Grant, Bernhard Krauss, Bernhard Schmidt, John C Lieske, Cynthia H McCollough
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to show the feasibility of distinguishing between uric acid (UA) and non-UA renal stones using two consecutive spatially registered low- and high-energy scans acquired on a conventional CT system. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 33 patients undergoing clinically indicated dual-source dual-energy CT examinations to differentiate UA from non-UA renal stones were enrolled in this study. Immediately after patients underwent clinically indicated dual-source dual-energy CT, two consecutive scans (one at 80 kV and one at 140 kV) were obtained on a conventional CT scanner over the region limited to the stones identified on the dual-source scans...
January 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Louise Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Nature Reviews. Urology
Marianne Brehmer, Mats O Beckman, Anders Magnusson
OBJECTIVE: Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) has become the gold standard for treatment of renal stones larger than 2 cm. To optimize the surgical procedure a method for meticulous preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) planning was developed and analysed. The aim of this study was to evaluate how 3D-CT influenced the choice of access route and treatment outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients planned for PCNL were included in a prospective study...
June 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
M-C Rassweiler, R Banckwitz, C Koehler, B Mueller-Allissat, M-S Michel, A Häcker, M Ritter
PURPOSE: Cross-sectional imaging by computed tomography (CT) is associated with higher radiation dose compared to plain X-ray. The Uro Dyna-CT provides CT-like images in the endourological operating room. Our aim was to reduce the radiation exposure of endourological patients with the Uro Dyna-CT and optimize the cross-sectional image quality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the hard contrast protocol, two artificial stones were placed in a Rando-Alderson phantom's left kidney region...
October 2014: World Journal of Urology
William Finch, Richard Johnston, Nadeem Shaida, Andrew Winterbottom, Oliver Wiseman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the optimal method for assessing stone volume, and thus stone burden, by comparing the accuracy of scalene, oblate, and prolate ellipsoid volume equations with three-dimensional (3D)-reconstructed stone volume. Kidney stone volume may be helpful in predicting treatment outcome for renal stones. While the precise measurement of stone volume by 3D reconstruction can be accomplished using modern computer tomography (CT) scanning software, this technique is not available in all hospitals or with routine acute colic scanning protocols...
April 2014: BJU International
N Abid, E Ravier, R Codas, S Crouzet, X Martin
PURPOSE: Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is the most common method of treatment for kidney stones. Both fluoroscopy and ultrasound imaging can be used to locate stones, but fluoroscopy is more frequently employed. Evaluation of a new stereotaxic navigational system: the stone was located using an ultrasound probe, and its 3D location was saved. The table automatically moved to position the stone at the focal point. A real-time follow-up was possible during treatment. Our objective was to demonstrate a decrease in the use of fluoroscopy to locate kidney stones for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy through the use of a 3D ultrasound stone locking system...
September 2013: Progrès en Urologie
Jens Rassweiler, Marie-Claire Rassweiler, Hannes Kenngott, Thomas Frede, Maurice-Stephan Michel, Peter Alken, Ralph Clayman
INTRODUCTION: Twenty-five years of SMIT represents an important date. In this article we want to elaborate the development of minimally invasive surgery in urology during the last three decades and try to look 25 years ahead. MATERIAL AND METHODS: As classical scenarios to demonstrate the changes which have revolutionized surgical treatment in urology, we have selected the management of urolithiasis, renal tumour, and localized prostate cancer. This was based on personal experience and a review of the recent literature on MIS in Urology on a MEDLINE/PUBMED research...
August 2013: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
Yuanbo Chen, Hulin Li, Chunxiao Liu, Kai Xu, Yangyan Lin, Susu Bao, Fengping Peng, Jiahui Pan
OBJECTIVE: To construct three-dimensional (3D) models of renal stones and perform percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) virtual surgery simulation. Methods CT images were obtained from 8 patients with renal stones. Images segmentation and reconstruction were performed using MIMICS 10.0 software to construct the 3D model of the renal stones, which provided the anatomical relationships between the kidney and the adjacent organs. The optimal PCNL virtual surgery simulation for each individual case was performed using FreeForm Modeling System on the basis of the 3D model...
February 2013: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Hulin Li, Yuanbo Chen, Chunxiao Liu, Bingkun Li, Kai Xu, Susu Bao
OBJECTIVES: To construct a three-dimensional (3D) model of renal stones to facilitate comprehensive planning for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and to assist in surgery. METHODS: Fifteen patients with complex renal stones, including one patient with a horseshoe kidney, eight patients with partial/complete staghorn, and six patients with multiple renal stones, participated in our study. Computed tomography images of the unenhanced, arterial, venous, and excretory phases were obtained before surgery...
December 2013: World Journal of Urology
M S Michel, M Ritter, H Wertz, S Schönberg, A Häcker, G Weisser
BACKGROUND: Imaging of the urinary tract and its surrounding tissue still remains challenging, since standard imaging in the urological operation room consists of fluoroscopy and plain X-rays. The combination of a ceiling-mounted X-ray system and a new urological intervention table now allows cross-sectional imaging and 3D reconstruction to be performed in the endourological operation room (Urological Dyna-CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The imaging quality of the Artis Zee Ceiling (Siemens Medical Solutions, Erlangen, Germany) was assessed using slice images of an ex vivo pig kidney model prepared with artificial stones (plaster of Paris)...
February 2014: World Journal of Urology
Grace J Gang, Wojciech Zbijewski, J Webster Stayman, Jeffrey H Siewerdsen
PURPOSE: Dual-energy computed tomography and dual-energy cone-beam computed tomography (DE-CBCT) are promising modalities for applications ranging from vascular to breast, renal, hepatic, and musculoskeletal imaging. Accordingly, the optimization of imaging techniques for such applications would benefit significantly from a general theoretical description of image quality that properly incorporates factors of acquisition, reconstruction, and tissue decomposition in DE tomography. This work reports a cascaded systems analysis model that includes the Poisson statistics of x rays (quantum noise), detector model (flat-panel detectors), anatomical background, image reconstruction (filtered backprojection), DE decomposition (weighted subtraction), and simple observer models to yield a task-based framework for DE technique optimization...
August 2012: Medical Physics
Katja Venborg Pedersen, Donghua Liao, Susanne Sloth Osther, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Hans Gregersen, Palle Jörn Sloth Osther
The pathogenesis of symptoms in urolithiasis is poorly understood. Traditionally increased endoluminal pressure is considered the main mechanism causing pain in the upper urinary tract but clinical data are sparse. The aim of the present study was to develop a new model related to mechanosensation in order to describe the geometric and mechanical properties of the renal pelvis in patients with kidney stone disease. Pressure measurement in the renal pelvis was done during CT-pyelography in 15 patients who underwent percutaneus nephrolithotomy...
August 2012: Urological Research
Jozef Kaiser, Markéta Holá, Michaela Galiová, Karel Novotný, Viktor Kanický, Petr Martinec, Jiří Sčučka, Francesco Brun, Nicola Sodini, Giuliana Tromba, Lucia Mancini, Tamara Kořistková
The outcomes from the feasibility study on utilization of synchrotron radiation X-ray microtomography (SR-μCT) to investigate the texture and the quantitative mineralogical composition of selected calcium oxalate-based urinary calculi fragments are presented. The comparison of the results obtained by SR-μCT analysis with those derived from current standard analytical approaches is provided. SR-μCT is proved as a potential effective technique for determination of texture, 3D microstructure, and composition of kidney stones...
August 2011: Urological Research
Grant J Steyer, Debashish Roy, Olivier Salvado, Meredith E Stone, David L Wilson
We developed a cryo-imaging system to provide single-cell detection of fluorescently labeled cells in mouse, with particular applicability to stem cells and metastatic cancer. The Case cryo-imaging system consists of a fluorescence microscope, robotic imaging positioner, customized cryostat, PC-based control system, and visualization/analysis software. The system alternates between sectioning (10-40 μm) and imaging, collecting color brightfield and fluorescent block-face image volumes >60GB. In mouse experiments, we imaged quantum-dot labeled stem cells, GFP-labeled cancer and stem cells, and cell-size fluorescent microspheres...
January 1, 2009: Proceedings—Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"