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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076861/potential-applications-of-smart-multifunctional-wearable-materials-to-gerontology
#1
David G Armstrong, Bijan Najafi, Mohsen Shahinpoor
Smart multifunctional materials can play a constructive role in addressing some very important aging-related issues. Aging affects the ability of older adults to continue to live safely and economically in their own residences for as long as possible. Thus, there will be a greater need for preventive, acute, rehabilitative, and long-term health care services for older adults as well as a need for tools to enable them to function independently during daily activities. The objective of this paper is, thus, to present a comprehensive review of some potential smart materials and their areas of applications to gerontology...
January 12, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035933/frontal-lobe-function-correlates-with%C3%A2-one-year-incidence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-elderly-with-alzheimer-disease
#2
Taiki Sugimoto, Masaki Yoshida, Rei Ono, Shunsuke Murata, Naoki Saji, Shumpei Niida, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is frequently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although previous works highlight the association between frontal lobe-related function and UI, causal relationship is unclear. OBJECTS: To clarify the longitudinal association between frontal lobe function and the incidence of UI at 1 year in patients with AD. METHODS: The subjects were 215 continent AD patients who attended the Memory Clinic of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology of Japan during the period from March 2011 to December 2014...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028278/-feasibility-study-of-a-one-day-educational-program-to-train-advance-care-planning-facilitators-acpfs-in-regional-areas
#3
Mitsunori Nishikawa, Hisayuki Miura, Sanae Oya, Tomonari Kato, Hiroyuki Nagae, Yoshiyuki Osada, Tetsuya Watanabe, Sachiko Matsuoka, Yasuro Otsuka, Mie Yamaguchi, Kazuko Watanabe, Katsutoshi Kito, Hatsue Ooi, Naoko Suzuki
Promoting advance care planning in regional areas is important. Education For Implementing End-of-Life Discussion(EFIELD) is a two-day educational program for Advance Care Planning Facilitators(ACPFs)developed by the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology. Unfortunately, some trainers experience difficulties implementing the content of the program, and some trainees feel the program is too long for implementation in many regional areas. The purpose of the research is to clarify the feasibility of ACPFs education using a one-day program in regional areas...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974472/better-cognition-in-new-birth-cohorts-of-70-year-olds-but-greater-decline-thereafter
#4
Valgeir Thorvaldsson, Peter Karlsson, Johan Skoog, Ingmar Skoog, Boo Johansson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate birth cohort differences in level of cognition and rate of change in old age. METHODS: Data were drawn from three population-based Swedish samples including age-homogenous cohorts born 1901/02, 1906/07, and 1930, and measured on the same cognitive tests at ages 70, 75, and 79 as part of the Gerontological and Geriatric Populations Studies in Gothenburg (H70). We fitted growth curve models to the data using a Bayesian framework and derived estimates and inferences from the marginal posterior distributions...
January 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968941/addressing-future-demands-development-of-an-online-gerontological-nursing-course
#5
Beth Mastel-Smith, Tracy Nash, Kleanthe Caruso
Nursing students often hold negative views of and do not want to work with older people. Innovative approaches to engage nursing students in geriatric content hold the potential to improve attitudes, a crucial step in meeting the aging population's healthcare needs. This article describes the process of developing, implementing and evaluating an online, undergraduate nursing gerontology course. Development was based on Mezirow's Transformative Learning Theory. Student reflections collected from approximately 200 individuals over two semesters about knowledge gained and the effect on attitudes about aging and older adults are summarized...
September 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940334/obesity-in-middle-age-increases-risk-of-later-heart-failure-in-women-results-from-the-prospective-population-study-of-women-and-h70-studies-in-gothenburg-sweden
#6
Anna-Karin Halldin, Maria Schaufelberger, Bodil Lernfelt, Lena Björck, Annika Rosengren, Lauren Lissner, Cecilia Björkelund
: Obesity has been shown to be a risk factor for heart failure, but whether the association varies by age is not understood. AIM: To examine the impact of obesity/overweight on the risk of developing heart failure in women of different ages by analysing prospective data from 2 population studies. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg and the Gerontological and Geriatric Population Studies concerning Body Mass Index (BMI) collected in 1980 or later...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935441/foreword-to-special-section-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-education
#7
Phillip G Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925528/brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-8th-edition-fillit-howard-m-rockwood-kenneth-and-young-john-brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-8th-edition-1168pp-%C3%A2-182-99-elsevier-9780702061851-0702061859-formula-see
#8
(no author information available yet)
This is the 8th edition of this well-regarded medical textbook. Its contributors include several nurses and the subjects covered will be of interest to any nurse or nursing student working with older adults.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923981/sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-chronic-respiratory-disease-lessons-from-gerontology
#9
Anna E Bone, Nilay Hepgul, Samantha Kon, Matthew Maddocks
Sarcopenia and frailty are geriatric syndromes characterized by multisystem decline, which are related to and reflected by markers of skeletal muscle dysfunction. In older people, sarcopenia and frailty have been used for risk stratification, to predict adverse outcomes and to prompt intervention aimed at preventing decline in those at greatest risk. In this review, we examine sarcopenia and frailty in the context of chronic respiratory disease, providing an overview of the common assessments tools and studies to date in the field...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892805/addressing-the-needs-of-nicaraguan-older-adults-living-on-the-edge-a-university-community-partnership-in-international-service-learning
#10
Margaret B Neal, Melissa Cannon, Alan DeLaTorre, Cory R Bolkan, Iris Wernher, Elisabeth Nolan, Milton López Norori, Carmen Largaespada-Fredersdorff, Keren Brown Wilson
Nicaragua is a very low-income country entering a period of rapid aging with limited geriatric training for health care professionals. To help build capacity and to enhance student learning, a short-term international service-learning program was implemented in 2004 in partnership with the Jessie F. Richardson Foundation and Nicaraguan community stakeholders. Graduate and undergraduate students at Portland State University complete coursework for one term in the United States then travel to Nicaragua for about two weeks to participate in educational, research, and service activities, primarily in group homes for older Nicaraguans...
November 28, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889589/higher-morale-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-depressive-disorders-five-years-later-among-very-old-people
#11
Johan Niklasson, Marina Näsman, Fredrica Nyqvist, Mia Conradsson, Birgitta Olofsson, Hugo Lövheim, Yngve Gustafson
The aim of this study was to investigate whether higher morale, i.e. future-oriented optimism, at baseline was associated with lower risk of depressive disorders five years later among very old people.Methods The Umeå85+/GErontological Regional Database, a population-based study with a longitudinal design, recruited participants in Sweden and Finland aged 85, 90 and ≥95 years. The sample in the present study included 647 individuals (89.1±4.4 years (Mean±SD), range 85-103). After five years, 216 were alive and agreed to a follow-up (92...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870316/a-comparative-review-of-gerontological-nursing-citation-data
#12
REVIEW
Marilia Y Antunez, Marcia Henry
BACKGROUND: Gerontological nursing is a highly interdisciplinary specialty. English-language bibliometric research is scarce. OBJECTIVES: Study gerontological nursing literature to identify journals useful for nurses and researchers working with older adults, help librarians assist gerontological nursing authors to find publication outlets and make library collection decisions. METHODS: Using a combination of methods, the authors identified cited journals in the Journal of Gerontological Nursing (JGN) and Geriatric Nursing (GN) from 2008 to 2010 using part of the Nursing and Allied Health Resources (NAHRS) Section protocol...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820976/use-of-a-screening-tool-and-primary-health-care-gerontology-nurse-specialist-for-high-needs-older-people
#13
Anna King, Michal Boyd, Lynelle Dagley
OBJECTIVES: To describe implementation of an innovative gerontology nurse specialist role within one primary health organisation in Auckland, New Zealand. Quantitative outcomes of the screening tool as well as the nurse specialist assessment will be presented. METHOD: The intervention involved use of the Brief Risk Identification for Geriatric Health Tool (BRIGHT) to identify high-needs older people with subsequent comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) performed by the gerontology nurse specialist...
November 20, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754821/the-growth-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-in-mexico-past-present-and-future
#14
Maricruz Rivera-Hernandez, Sergio Flores Cerqueda, José Carlos García Ramírez
Life expectancy is increasing in Mexico, creating new opportunities and challenges in different areas, including gerontology and geriatric education and research. Although in the European Union there are more than 3,000 institutions that focus on aging research, in Latin America there are only 250 programs where theoretical and practical knowledge is taught. In Mexico, the number of institutions that offer gerontology and geriatric education is relatively small. One of the major concerns is that Mexico is not adequately prepared to optimally deal with the aging of its population...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732451/death-anxiety-and-ageist-attitudes-are-related-to-trainees-interest-in-working-with-older-adults
#15
Marcela Mejia, Scott M Hyman, Samantha Behbahani, Kristen Farrell-Turner
OBJECTIVES: To explore how psychology trainee death concerns and ageist behavior relate to their willingness and desire to work with older adults. METHOD: Trainees (N = 104; 80.8% women) completed the Death Thought-Accessibility Measure, Relating to Older People Evaluation (ROPE), Death Anxiety Scale-Extended (DASE), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and rated their willingness and desire to work with older adults and their willingness to obtain training on how to work with older adults...
October 12, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715455/assessment-of-geriatric-syndromes-and-physical-function-in-people-living-with-hiv
#16
Meredith Greene, Amy C Justice, Kenneth E Covinsky
: As the number of older adults living with HIV continues to increase, understanding how to incorporate geriatric assessments within HIV care will be critical. Assessment of geriatric syndromes and physical function can be useful tools for HIV clinicians and researchers to help identify the most vulnerable older adults and to better understand the aging process in PLWH. This review focuses on the assessment of falls, frailty and physical function, first in the general population of older adults and includes a specific focus on use of these assessments in older adults living with HIV...
October 7, 2016: Virulence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694064/elderly-and-preventive-care-of-the-geriatric-pathologies-in-african-environment
#17
Ousseynou Kâ, Awa Gaye, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Ndeye Fatou Ngom, Anta Tal Dia, Saïd Nourou Diop, Ahmédou Moustapha Sow
Senegal will not be spared by the process of the aging of its population. In fact, according to surveys, the demographic increase in the population of the old people, which is 3.5% higher than the national average (2.5%). But for the time being, gerontology problems are not arising in terms of demographic weight, but rather in terms of the breaking up of solidarity networks, uncontrolled urbanization and poverty. As far as health is concerned, the old people generally are faced with the same problems as their Northern counterparts; they are exposed to chronic diseases that demand their taking in charge in a long period of time...
December 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682201/-what-do-the-members-of-the-spanish-society-of-geriatrics-and-gerontology-think-about-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-geriatrics
#18
Francesc Formiga, Nicolas Martinez-Velilla, Juan J Baztán, Jose Antonio López-Trigo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648865/the-evolution-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-in-an-era-of-a-politics-of-aging
#19
Fernando M Torres-Gil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635670/integrating-gerontological-competencies-in-canadian-health-and-social-service-education-an-overview-of-trends-enablers-and-challenges
#20
Veronique Boscart, Lynn McCleary, Kelsey Huson, Linda Sheiban, Kelsey Harvey
As the number of older adults increases, it is imperative that gerontological competencies are imbedded in health and social service education review of Canadian published and grey literature presents trends, barriers and enablers of sustained movement towards graduating professionals with gerontology competencies. Overall, gerontological education remains insufficient. Main barriers include resources for faculty and teaching. This review also identified discipline specific competency frameworks that could inform curriculum enhancement and education accreditations; however most educators were unaware of these...
September 16, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
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