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Geriatrics gerontology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188962/impact-of-poor-sleep-quality-and-physical-inactivity-on-cognitive-function-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#1
Sho Nakakubo, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, Kota Tsutsumimoto, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Ryo Hotta, Seongryu Bae, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the combination of subjective sleep quality and physical activity is associated with cognitive performance among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Cross-sectional data on 5381 older adults who participated in part of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology - Study of Geriatric Syndromes were analyzed. We assessed general cognitive impairment using the Mini-Mental State Examination, and also assessed story memory, attention, executive function and processing speed using the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology Functional Assessment Tool...
February 11, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178954/experiencing-aging-or-demystifying-myths-impact-of-different-geriatrics-and-gerontology-teaching-strategies-in-first-year-medical-students
#2
Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Isabella Noceli de Oliveira, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel
BACKGROUND: With the aging of the population comes a greater need for geriatric and gerontology teaching. However, there is currently a dearth of investigations on the impact of different educational methodologies for teaching in this area early in medical courses. The present study aims to determine the impact of two educational strategies on the topic "Geriatrics and Gerontology" ("experiencing aging" and "myths of aging") as compared to a control group (no intervention) on the attitudes, empathy and knowledge of first year medical students...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169107/development-of-an-instrument-for-community-level-health-related-social-capital-among-japanese-older-people-the-jages-project
#3
Masashige Saito, Naoki Kondo, Jun Aida, Ichiro Kawachi, Shihoko Koyama, Toshiyuki Ojima, Katsunori Kondo
BACKGROUND: We developed and validated an instrument to measure community-level social capital based on data derived from older community dwellers in Japan. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study, a nationwide survey involving 123,760 functionally independent older people nested within 702 communities (i.e., school districts). We conducted exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses on survey items to determine the items in a multi-dimensional scale to measure community social capital...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165614/oral-health-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-jages-project-longitudinal-study-in-older-japanese
#4
Tatsuo Yamamoto, Jun Aida, Katsunori Kondo, Shinya Fuchida, Yukako Tani, Masashige Saito, Yuri Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether oral health status predicts depressive symptoms in older Japanese people. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Twenty-four municipalities in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling individuals aged 65 years and older who responded to mail surveys performed by the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study in 2010 and 2013 (N = 14,279). MEASUREMENTS: Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160252/preventing-mobility-disability-in-europe-a-health-economics-perspective-from-the-sprintt-study
#5
Nicolas Sirven, Thomas Rapp, Silvia Coretti, Matteo Ruggeri, Americo Cicchetti
In a global context of population aging, gaining better knowledge of the mechanisms leading to loss of autonomy has become a major objective, notably with the aim of implementing effective preventive health policies. The concept of frailty, originally introduced in gerontology and geriatrics as a precursor state to functional dependency, appears as a useful tool in this specific context. The "Sarcopenia and Physical fRailty IN older people: multi-componenT Treatment strategies" (SPRINTT) project will provide a unique opportunity to explore health economics issues associated with frailty...
February 3, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159059/the-association-between-anorexia-of-aging-and-physical-frailty-results-from-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-s-study-of-geriatric-syndromes
#6
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the association between anorexia of aging and physical frailty among older people. STUDY DESIGN: An observational, cross-sectional cohort design was used with a sample of 4417 elderly Japanese citizens living in a community setting. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frailty was operationalized as the following frailty components: slowness, weakness, exhaustion, low level of physical activity, and weight loss. Participants were grouped as non-frail, pre-frail, and frail, and categorized as anorexic or not using questionnaire cutoff scores...
March 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129082/come-join-lead-attracting-students-to-careers-in-aging-and-promoting-involvement-in-gerontological-societies
#7
Jennifer Moye, Victor A Molinari, Michele J Karel, Aanand D Naik, Erin Sakai, Brian D Carpenter
Geriatric educators face the challenge of attracting more clinicians, scientists, and educators into geriatrics and gerontology, and promoting involvement in gerontological societies. A survey of psychologists (N = 100) examined factors that attract students in clinical/counseling psychology to practice with older adults, as well as experiences in organizational service. For 58%, interest in aging began at the undergraduate level, but for others interest developed later. About half cited academic exposure such as mentorship (51%), research (47%), or coursework (45%) as sparking interest, along with family (68%) or work experience (61%)...
January 27, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076861/potential-applications-of-smart-multifunctional-wearable-materials-to-gerontology
#8
David G Armstrong, Bijan Najafi, Mohsen Shahinpoor
Smart multifunctional materials can play a constructive role in addressing some very important aging-related issues. Aging affects the ability of older adults to continue to live safely and economically in their own residences for as long as possible. Thus, there will be a greater need for preventive, acute, rehabilitative, and long-term health care services for older adults as well as a need for tools to enable them to function independently during daily activities. The objective of this paper is, thus, to present a comprehensive review of some potential smart materials and their areas of applications to gerontology...
January 12, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035933/frontal-lobe-function-correlates-with%C3%A2-one-year-incidence-of-urinary-incontinence-in-elderly-with-alzheimer-disease
#9
Taiki Sugimoto, Masaki Yoshida, Rei Ono, Shunsuke Murata, Naoki Saji, Shumpei Niida, Kenji Toba, Takashi Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is frequently observed in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although previous works highlight the association between frontal lobe-related function and UI, causal relationship is unclear. OBJECTS: To clarify the longitudinal association between frontal lobe function and the incidence of UI at 1 year in patients with AD. METHODS: The subjects were 215 continent AD patients who attended the Memory Clinic of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology of Japan during the period from March 2011 to December 2014...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028278/-feasibility-study-of-a-one-day-educational-program-to-train-advance-care-planning-facilitators-acpfs-in-regional-areas
#10
Mitsunori Nishikawa, Hisayuki Miura, Sanae Oya, Tomonari Kato, Hiroyuki Nagae, Yoshiyuki Osada, Tetsuya Watanabe, Sachiko Matsuoka, Yasuro Otsuka, Mie Yamaguchi, Kazuko Watanabe, Katsutoshi Kito, Hatsue Ooi, Naoko Suzuki
Promoting advance care planning in regional areas is important. Education For Implementing End-of-Life Discussion(EFIELD) is a two-day educational program for Advance Care Planning Facilitators(ACPFs)developed by the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology. Unfortunately, some trainers experience difficulties implementing the content of the program, and some trainees feel the program is too long for implementation in many regional areas. The purpose of the research is to clarify the feasibility of ACPFs education using a one-day program in regional areas...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974472/better-cognition-in-new-birth-cohorts-of-70-year-olds-but-greater-decline-thereafter
#11
Valgeir Thorvaldsson, Peter Karlsson, Johan Skoog, Ingmar Skoog, Boo Johansson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate birth cohort differences in level of cognition and rate of change in old age. METHODS: Data were drawn from three population-based Swedish samples including age-homogenous cohorts born 1901/02, 1906/07, and 1930, and measured on the same cognitive tests at ages 70, 75, and 79 as part of the Gerontological and Geriatric Populations Studies in Gothenburg (H70). We fitted growth curve models to the data using a Bayesian framework and derived estimates and inferences from the marginal posterior distributions...
January 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968941/addressing-future-demands-development-of-an-online-gerontological-nursing-course
#12
Beth Mastel-Smith, Tracy Nash, Kleanthe Caruso
Nursing students often hold negative views of and do not want to work with older people. Innovative approaches to engage nursing students in geriatric content hold the potential to improve attitudes, a crucial step in meeting the aging population's healthcare needs. This article describes the process of developing, implementing and evaluating an online, undergraduate nursing gerontology course. Development was based on Mezirow's Transformative Learning Theory. Student reflections collected from approximately 200 individuals over two semesters about knowledge gained and the effect on attitudes about aging and older adults are summarized...
September 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940334/obesity-in-middle-age-increases-risk-of-later-heart-failure-in-women-results-from-the-prospective-population-study-of-women-and-h70-studies-in-gothenburg-sweden
#13
Anna-Karin Halldin, Maria Schaufelberger, Bodil Lernfelt, Lena Björck, Annika Rosengren, Lauren Lissner, Cecilia Björkelund
: Obesity has been shown to be a risk factor for heart failure, but whether the association varies by age is not understood. AIM: To examine the impact of obesity/overweight on the risk of developing heart failure in women of different ages by analysing prospective data from 2 population studies. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Population Study of Women in Gothenburg and the Gerontological and Geriatric Population Studies concerning Body Mass Index (BMI) collected in 1980 or later...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935441/foreword-to-special-section-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-education
#14
Phillip G Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925528/brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-8th-edition-fillit-howard-m-rockwood-kenneth-and-young-john-brocklehurst-s-textbook-of-geriatric-medicine-and-gerontology-8th-edition-1168pp-%C3%A2-182-99-elsevier-9780702061851-0702061859-formula-see
#15
(no author information available yet)
This is the 8th edition of this well-regarded medical textbook. Its contributors include several nurses and the subjects covered will be of interest to any nurse or nursing student working with older adults.
December 7, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923981/sarcopenia-and-frailty-in-chronic-respiratory-disease-lessons-from-gerontology
#16
Anna E Bone, Nilay Hepgul, Samantha Kon, Matthew Maddocks
Sarcopenia and frailty are geriatric syndromes characterized by multisystem decline, which are related to and reflected by markers of skeletal muscle dysfunction. In older people, sarcopenia and frailty have been used for risk stratification, to predict adverse outcomes and to prompt intervention aimed at preventing decline in those at greatest risk. In this review, we examine sarcopenia and frailty in the context of chronic respiratory disease, providing an overview of the common assessments tools and studies to date in the field...
December 6, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892805/addressing-the-needs-of-nicaraguan-older-adults-living-on-the-edge-a-university-community-partnership-in-international-service-learning
#17
Margaret B Neal, Melissa Cannon, Alan DeLaTorre, Cory R Bolkan, Iris Wernher, Elisabeth Nolan, Milton López Norori, Carmen Largaespada-Fredersdorff, Keren Brown Wilson
Nicaragua is a very low-income country entering a period of rapid aging with limited geriatric training for health care professionals. To help build capacity and to enhance student learning, a short-term international service-learning program was implemented in 2004 in partnership with the Jessie F. Richardson Foundation and Nicaraguan community stakeholders. Graduate and undergraduate students at Portland State University complete coursework for one term in the United States then travel to Nicaragua for about two weeks to participate in educational, research, and service activities, primarily in group homes for older Nicaraguans...
November 28, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889589/higher-morale-is-associated-with-lower-risk-of-depressive-disorders-five-years-later-among-very-old-people
#18
Johan Niklasson, Marina Näsman, Fredrica Nyqvist, Mia Conradsson, Birgitta Olofsson, Hugo Lövheim, Yngve Gustafson
The aim of this study was to investigate whether higher morale, i.e. future-oriented optimism, at baseline was associated with lower risk of depressive disorders five years later among very old people.Methods The Umeå85+/GErontological Regional Database, a population-based study with a longitudinal design, recruited participants in Sweden and Finland aged 85, 90 and ≥95 years. The sample in the present study included 647 individuals (89.1±4.4 years (Mean±SD), range 85-103). After five years, 216 were alive and agreed to a follow-up (92...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870316/a-comparative-review-of-gerontological-nursing-citation-data
#19
REVIEW
Marilia Y Antunez, Marcia Henry
BACKGROUND: Gerontological nursing is a highly interdisciplinary specialty. English-language bibliometric research is scarce. OBJECTIVES: Study gerontological nursing literature to identify journals useful for nurses and researchers working with older adults, help librarians assist gerontological nursing authors to find publication outlets and make library collection decisions. METHODS: Using a combination of methods, the authors identified cited journals in the Journal of Gerontological Nursing (JGN) and Geriatric Nursing (GN) from 2008 to 2010 using part of the Nursing and Allied Health Resources (NAHRS) Section protocol...
December 2016: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820976/use-of-a-screening-tool-and-primary-health-care-gerontology-nurse-specialist-for-high-needs-older-people
#20
Anna King, Michal Boyd, Lynelle Dagley
OBJECTIVES: To describe implementation of an innovative gerontology nurse specialist role within one primary health organisation in Auckland, New Zealand. Quantitative outcomes of the screening tool as well as the nurse specialist assessment will be presented. METHOD: The intervention involved use of the Brief Risk Identification for Geriatric Health Tool (BRIGHT) to identify high-needs older people with subsequent comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) performed by the gerontology nurse specialist...
November 20, 2016: Contemporary Nurse
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