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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711424/conversion-and-reversion-rates-in-japanese-older-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment
#1
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Takehiko Doi, SungChul Lee, Sangyoon Lee
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 25% of individuals who are diagnosed with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) revert to normal cognition (NC) rather than progressing to Alzheimer disease (AD). However, the prevalence of progression and reversion among older people in Asia remains unclear. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A community in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4153 individuals without dementia aged ≥65 years were classified as having NC, aMCI single domain (aMCIs), non-aMCI single domain (naMCIs), aMCI multiple domain (aMCIm), non-aMCI multiple domain (naMCIm), or global cognitive impairment (GCI)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687369/corrigendum-to-exemplars-in-advanced-practice-gerontological-nursing-a-gapna-series-gapna-consensus-statement-proficiency-9-geriatr-nurs-38-2-2017-165-167
#2
Elizabeth Galik, Barbara Resnick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687129/-from-dependency-to-autonomy-a-geriatric-pathway
#3
Antoine Iglesias, Florence Da Costa Ribeiro, Maryse Pedra, Marie-Christine Chassaigne, Caroline Berbon
Preventing dependency is essential in our ageing society. One of its components is the avoidable dependency which develops during a period of hospitalisation. Caregivers play an important role in helping the elderly person regain their autonomy. Various actions have been undertaken on this theme within the gerontology unit of Toulouse university hospital, including the creation of a multi-disciplinary group of experts among the caregivers working in the unit.
July 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670849/redefining-the-elderly-as-aged-75%C3%A2-years-and-older-proposal-from-the-joint-committee-of-japan-gerontological-society-and-the-japan-geriatrics-society
#4
Yasuyoshi Ouchi, Hiromi Rakugi, Hidenori Arai, Masahiro Akishita, Hideki Ito, Kenji Toba, Ichiro Kai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620925/validity-of-the-national-center-for-geriatrics-and-gerontology-functional-assessment-tool-and-mini-mental-state-examination-for-detecting-the-incidence-of-dementia-in-older-japanese-adults
#5
Hiroyuki Shimada, Hyuma Makizako, Hyuntae Park, Takehiko Doi, Sangyoon Lee
AIM: Numerous neuropsychological tests are implemented in the clinical setting. However, a readily available cognitive test is required to detect the risk of dementia in the community setting. METHODS: A total of 4151 persons aged ≥65 years participated in the present prospective cohort study. We assessed cognitive performance using the Mini-Mental State Examination and the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool. The National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Functional Assessment Tool includes tests of story and word list memory, attention and executive function, processing speed, and visuospatial skill to screen for cognitive impairment...
June 16, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616813/-contributions-to-the-thematic-focal-point-from-section-iii-%C3%AF-social-and-behavioural-gerontology-of-the-german-society-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-dggg-%C3%AF
#6
EDITORIAL
Frank Oswald, Annette Franke, Eva-Marie Kessler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#7
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600609/-gerontologically-oriented-study-programs-in-germany-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Eva-Marie Kessler, Andreas Hoff, Annette Franke
The objective of this article is a state-of-the-art analysis and critical reflection of the status quo of gerontologically oriented study programs in higher education in Germany. The major impulse for writing this article was provided by the newly established working group "Gerontological Education", which was inaugurated at the joint annual conference of sections III and IV of the German Society of Gerontology and Geriatrics in Mannheim in 2015. A systematic review of gerontological study programs shows that the number of such programs has increased in Germany over the past decade...
June 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575554/-a-new-stage-of-development-of-gerontology-and-geriatrics-in-russia-problems-of-creation-of-a-geriatric-care-system-part-1-relevance-regulatory-infrastructure
#9
V N Anisimov, V Yu Serpov, A V Finagentov, V Kh Khavinson
This article is a 1st part of the analytical review, focused on a new step in development of geriatrics in Russia. Creation of state system geriatric care as important part of state politics in the area of enhancement of quality of life was proved. General aspects of improvement of social support of disable elderly persons in condition of restricted budget and interagency separation was presented. Establishment of unified system of medical social support and gerotechnologies for the elderly was substantiated, as a mechanism facilitated life activity and decreasing of demographic loading on economic status of regions of Russian Federation...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571819/chronic-eczematous-dermatitis-in-patients-with-neurodegenerative-diseases-may-be-an-early-marker-of-bullous-pemphigoid
#10
Ping-Song Chou, Tsai-Ching Chou, Chung-Hsing Chang, Sebastian Yu, Chih-Hung Lee
The number of elderly patients with chronic pruritus has been gradually increasing in aging countries. Bullous pemphigoid, a common autoimmune blister disease in the elderly, is always heralded by pruritic eczematous dermatitis and is often associated with neurodegenerative diseases. We hypothesized that chronic eczematous dermatitis in patients with neurodegenerative diseases may be an early marker of bullous pemphigoid. By conducting retrospective chart review, we found neurodegenerative diseases are more prevalent in elderly patients with chronic eczematous dermatitis...
June 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558670/retirement-and-mental-health-dose-social-participation-mitigate-the-association-a-fixed-effects-longitudinal-analysis
#11
Koichiro Shiba, Naoki Kondo, Katsunori Kondo, Ichiro Kawachi
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence investigating heterogeneous impact of retirement on mental health depending on social backgrounds is lacking, especially among older adults. METHODS: We examined the impact of changes in working status on changes in mental health using Japanese community-dwelling adults aged ≥65 years participating in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study between 2010 and 2013 (N = 62,438). Between-waves changes in working status ("Kept working", "Retired", "Started work", or "Continuously retired") were used to predict changes in depressive symptoms measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557051/when-people-with-dementia-are-perceived-as-witches-consequences-for-patients-and-nurse-education-in-south-africa
#12
Flora Mkhonto, Ingrid Hanssen
OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe the link between culture and dementia care with the focus on the influence of the belief in dementia as witchcraft and people with dementia as witches. BACKGROUND: In South Africa, especially in townships and rural areas, dementia is often perceived as connected to witchcraft rather than to disease. Persons labelled as witches - mostly elderly women - may be bullied, ostracised, beaten, stoned, burned, even killed. METHOD: One strand of findings from a larger international study is presented with in-depth qualitative interviews of one close family member and seven nurses caring for patients with severe dementia in nursing homes in Tshwane in South Africa...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556873/nurses-perceptions-and-management-of-urinary-incontinence-in-hospitalized-older-adults-an-integrative-review
#13
Marnie Colborne, Sherry Dahlke
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a geriatric syndrome affecting older adults in long-term and acute hospital care. Most research has focused on nurses' perceptions of UI in long-term care and community settings rather than acute hospital settings. The purpose of the current integrative review was to understand nurses' perceptions and use of continence strategies for hospitalized older adults. Literature published from 1996-2016 was reviewed. Critical appraisal of the articles by two researchers yielded 10 articles that described nine studies...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545797/the-local-reliability-of-the-15-item-version-of-the-geriatric-depression-scale-an-item-response-theory-irt-study
#14
Francesca Chiesi, Caterina Primi, Martina Pigliautile, Sara Ercolani, Manuela Conestabile Della Staffa, Annalisa Longo, Virginia Boccardi, Patrizia Mecocci
The 15-item version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) is a self-report screening instrument widely used. The current study aimed at providing evidence of the measurement precision of the GDS-15 applying Item Response Theory (IRT). The relative contribution of each item and the reliability of the whole scale in measuring the trait level around the cutoffs were investigated employing data collected from a sample consisting of 1344 old people (M=76.44years, SD=5.13; 58.7% women) involved in a large gerontological research project...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537060/comprehensive-approach-for-managing-the-older-person-with-diabetes-mellitus
#15
REVIEW
Hyung Joon Yoo
Care of the elderly population with diabetes may not be restricted to the management of hyperglycemia, associated risk factors, and specific diabetic complications. An integrated approach should also include the assessment and management of gerontological problems. Both diabetes mellitus and aging interact toward the direction of the increased incidence of geriatric syndromes. Education is a common element of both diabetes control and geriatric syndrome care. However, it has been perceived that conventional education programs for diabetics are not as effective for the elderly...
June 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413011/-nurse-coordinator-and-doctor-coordinator-in-a-gerontology-network
#16
Anne-Laure Couderc, Corinne Gérard, Stéphane Fabriès, Jean-Claude Pical, Patrick Villani
The Marseille gerontology network consists of a geriatric team providing support in patients' homes across the Marseille urban area. It forms an integral part of the geriatric care sector ensuring that elderly people living at home benefit from a global medical-psychological-social assessment. The aim is to enable elderly people to continue living and receiving care in their home.
March 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411094/association-of-social-frailty-with-both-cognitive-and-physical-deficits-among-older-people
#17
Kota Tsutsumimoto, Takehiko Doi, Hyuma Makizako, Ryo Hotta, Sho Nakakubo, Keitaro Makino, Takao Suzuki, Hiroyuki Shimada
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the association between social frailty and cognitive and physical function among older adults. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: We examined community-dwelling adults in Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Participants comprised 4425 older Japanese people from the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Study of Geriatric Syndromes. MEASUREMENTS: Social frailty was defined by using responses to 5 questions (going out less frequently, rarely visiting friends, feeling unhelpful to friends or family, living alone, and not talking with someone every day)...
April 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358972/nurse-patient-and-care-partner-perceptions-of-a-personalized-safety-plan-screensaver
#18
Megan Duckworth, Emily Leung, Theresa Fuller, Jenzel Espares, Brittany Couture, Frank Chang, Alexandra C Businger, Sarah Collins, Anuj Dalal, Anne Fladger, Jeffrey L Schnipper, Kumiko O Schnock, David W Bates, Patricia C Dykes
A patient safety plan dashboard was developed that captures disparate data from the electronic health record that is then displayed as a personalized bedside screensaver. The dashboard aligns all care team members, including patients and families, in the safety plan. The screensaver content includes icons that pertain to common geriatric syndromes. In two phases, interviews were conducted with nurses, nursing assistants, patients, and informal caregivers in a large, tertiary care center. End user perceptions of the content and interface of the personalized safety plan screensavers were identified and strategies to overcome the barriers to use for future iterations were defined...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350254/career-dreams-among-health-care-students-i-want-to-make-a-difference
#19
Inge Øster, Karen Pallesgaard Munk, Jette Henriksen
There is a continuous increase in demand for health services in most countries because people who are older are living longer. Health care for people who are older is not, generally, an attractive career option for undergraduate health professionals. This study investigated career dreams among undergraduates studying a variety of health care subjects to understand what motivates them. Eighteen focus groups were conducted with 90 students, and template analysis was performed within a sociological framework. Four themes emerged from the analysis: no plans to work with people who are older, dreaming of making a difference, seeking variety, and the impact of clinical placements on stimulating or reducing interest in working with people who are older...
March 28, 2017: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346565/anticholinergic-burden-and-functional-status-in-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#20
V Boccardi, M Baroni, L Paolacci, S Ercolani, A Longo, M Giordano, C Ruggiero, P Mecocci
OBJECTIVE: The use of drugs with intrinsic anticholinergic properties is widespread among old age persons. A growing body of evidences suggest that a high anticholinergic burden is associated with physical and cognitive impairment. However, the association between anticholinergic drug use and functional status is still poorly investigated, particularly among subjects with initial cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining the association between drug-related anticholinergic burden and functional status in cognitively healthy (CH) (n=691), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n=541) or mild Alzheimer's diseases (AD) (n=1127) subjects...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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