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Geriatrics gerontology

Maricruz Rivera-Hernandez, Sergio Florez Cerqueda, José Carlos García Ramírez
Life expectancy is increasing in Mexico, creating new opportunities and challenges in different areas, including gerontology and geriatric education and research. While in the European Union there are more than 3,000 institutions that focus on aging research, in Latin America there are only 250 programs where theoretical and practical knowledge is taught. In Mexico, the number of institutions that offer gerontology and geriatric education is relatively small. One of the major concerns is that Mexico is not adequately prepared to optimally deal with the aging of its population...
October 18, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Marcela Mejia, Scott M Hyman, Samantha Behbahani, Kristen Farrell-Turner
OBJECTIVES: To explore how psychology trainee death concerns and ageist behavior relate to their willingness and desire to work with older adults. METHOD: Trainees (N = 104; 80.8% women) completed the Death Thought-Accessibility Measure, Relating to Older People Evaluation (ROPE), Death Anxiety Scale-Extended (DASE), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and rated their willingness and desire to work with older adults and their willingness to obtain training on how to work with older adults...
October 12, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Meredith Greene, Amy C Justice, Kenneth E Covinsky
: As the number of older adults living with HIV continues to increase, understanding how to incorporate geriatric assessments within HIV care will be critical. Assessment of geriatric syndromes and physical function can be useful tools for HIV clinicians and researchers to help identify the most vulnerable older adults and to better understand the aging process in PLWH. This review focuses on the assessment of falls, frailty and physical function, first in the general population of older adults and includes a specific focus on use of these assessments in older adults living with HIV...
October 7, 2016: Virulence
Ousseynou Kâ, Awa Gaye, Mamadou Makhtar Mbacké Leye, Ndeye Fatou Ngom, Anta Tal Dia, Saïd Nourou Diop, Ahmédou Moustapha Sow
Senegal will not be spared by the process of the aging of its population. In fact, according to surveys, the demographic increase in the population of the old people, which is 3.5% higher than the national average (2.5%). But for the time being, gerontology problems are not arising in terms of demographic weight, but rather in terms of the breaking up of solidarity networks, uncontrolled urbanization and poverty. As far as health is concerned, the old people generally are faced with the same problems as their Northern counterparts; they are exposed to chronic diseases that demand their taking in charge in a long period of time...
September 29, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Francesc Formiga, Nicolas Martinez-Velilla, Juan J Baztán, Jose Antonio López-Trigo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 24, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
Fernando M Torres-Gil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Veronique Boscart, Lynn McCleary, Kelsey Huson, Linda Sheiban, Kelsey Harvey
As the number of older adults increases, it is imperative that gerontological competencies are imbedded in health and social service education review of Canadian published and grey literature presents trends, barriers and enablers of sustained movement towards graduating professionals with gerontology competencies. Overall, gerontological education remains insufficient. Main barriers include resources for faculty and teaching. This review also identified discipline specific competency frameworks that could inform curriculum enhancement and education accreditations; however most educators were unaware of these...
September 16, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
Joanie Jackson, Amanda Clark, Lindsey Pearse, Elizabeth A Miller, Heather Stanfield, Christopher J L Cunningham
America's aging population needs interprofessional health care providers committed to providing high-quality, patient-centered care. Considering the often negative attitudes held by health care students about older adults and the impact that can have on their care, it is important to explore factors that influence student attitudes and desire to provide geriatric care. Five hundred seventy-two students pursuing nursing, physical therapy, athletic training, dietetics, and social work degrees were surveyed. Students reported demographic factors, amount of contact with older adults, how rewarding that contact had been, and confidence and interest in working with older adults...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Yukako Tani, Takeo Fujiwara, Naoki Kondo, Hisashi Noma, Yuri Sasaki, Katsunori Kondo
OBJECTIVE: Previous investigations on the impact of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) on depression have focused on middle-aged adults in Western countries. It is unknown whether childhood SES has a long-latency effect on the onset of depression among older adults. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Data were from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study. PARTICIPANTS: We analyzed 10,458 individuals aged 65 years and older without depression (Geriatric Depression Scale <5) at baseline in 2010...
September 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Eiko Takano, Toshio Teranishi, Toyoaki Watanabe, Kensuke Ohno, Shiko Kitaji, Shunji Sawa, Yoshikiyo Kanada, Kenji Toba, Izumi Kondo
AIM: We aimed to clarify whether there are differences in the effect of exercise interventions between prefrail older adults and older adults without frailty. METHODS: The participants were community-dwelling older adults (mean age 75.1 ± 5.1 years). The participants were instructed to use a training method at home to prevent frailty. The effects of the intervention were evaluated at 4 months. Outcome measures were the Timed Up and Go test, grip strength, one leg balance, knee extension strength and the fall risk index...
August 21, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Alessandro Menotti, Paolo Emilio Puddu
OBJECTIVES: To explore the duration of the predictive power of major coronary risk factors measured on a single occasion in middle aged men for the occurrence of coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence and mortality during 50years of follow-up. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the Italian Rural Areas of the Seven Countries Study 1677 CHD-free men aged 40-59 were enrolled in 1960 and age, cigarette smoking, systolic blood pressure and serum cholesterol were measured. During 50years of follow-up 1641 men died, 451 had a major fatal or non-fatal CHD event (incidence) and 263 died from CHD...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Huaqing Liu, Julie E Byles, Xiaoyue Xu, Min Zhang, Xuesen Wu, John J Hall
AIM: China faces a "time-bomb" of the aging population. Successful aging has long been a goal in the field of gerontology. The present study aimed to evaluate successful aging among Chinese older adults. METHODS: Data on a total of 7102 people in the China Health and Retirement Study aged ≥60 years were analyzed in the present study. Successful aging is defined by the model of Rowe and Kahn including the following five indicators: "no major diseases," "no disability," "high cognitive functioning," "high physical functioning" and "active engagement with life...
August 10, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
H Shimada, H Makizako, S Lee, T Doi, S Lee, K Tsutsumimoto, K Harada, R Hotta, S Bae, S Nakakubo, K Harada, T Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationships between physical and/or cognitive frailty and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) functioning in community living older persons. DESIGN: Cross sectional observation study. SETTING: Data extracted from the 2011-2013 of the National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology-Study of Geriatric Syndromes (NCGG-SGS) database. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 8,864 older adults aged ≥ 65 years who were enrolled in the NCGG-SGS...
2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Maria-Mădălina Bodescu, Adina Magdalena Turcanu, Maria-Cristina Gavrilescu, T Mihăescu
UNLABELLED: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an inflammatory affection of the whole lung, characterized by an accelerated loss of the pulmonary functions, that reduces the patients' independence and stops them from having a normal, active life. The medical rehabilitation is considered "Third class rehabilitation", after preventive medicine and pharmaceutical medicine, and the respiratory rehabilitation recovery represents a complex structure of service addressing to patients with chronic pulmonary illnesses whose aim is to optimize the physical performances, psycho-social and autonomy...
October 2015: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
Joanne L Ireland
Gerontology has become increasingly important in equine veterinary medicine, with aged animals representing a significant proportion of the equine population. Horses are defined as geriatric or aged from age 15 years onwards but can have a life span of more than 40 years. Despite a high level of owner concern for the well-being of their geriatric animal, provision of preventive health care may be suboptimal. Owners seem to under-recognize some of the most prevalent diseases identified in geriatric horses...
August 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
Natasha Stavreva, Ljuben Guguvcevchi, Biljana Kapusevska
INTRODUCTION: Health is the main component of the quality of life, while oral health is component of the general health. The socio-demographic characteristics are one of the important factors for perception of the oral health and the quality of life. The main purpose of this study was to perform an evaluation of the quality of life of geriatric patients (older than 65) with built-in oral prosthetic dentures depending on the ethnic affiliation, level of education and place of living, as socio-demographic characteristics...
2015: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
Sung Ae Kwon, Stacey Kolomer
As ethical issues arise concerning the continuation of futile medical treatment for dying patients in Korean society, advance directive planning initiatives have been put into place to guide practice. This article describes the awareness and attitudes of social workers in Korea regarding advance care planning and related factors. A total of 246 gerontological/geriatric social workers completed a mailed or in-person survey regarding awareness and attitudes toward advance care planning. Seventy-three percent (n = 180) of the participants reported no knowledge of advance directives...
August 2016: Social Work in Health Care
Pierre Koskas, Sandrine Delpierre, Mélanie Sebbagh-Eczet, Dominique Bonnet- Zamponi, Jean-Claude Buzzi, Agathe Raynaud-Simon
UNLABELLED: The French 2008/2012 Alzheimer Plan is designed to improve the support given to elderly patients and their families. Objective: To describe the typology of the patients managed in a Geriatric multidimensional rehabilitation ambulatory care unit between 2008 and 2012. METHODS: Programme de médicalisation des systèmes d'information database concerning the number of concomitant diseases and several specific indicators. RESULTS: The number of patients increased between 2008 (109) and 2009 (293) but then remained stable (about 300)...
March 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Jinjiao Wang, Haomiao Jia, Jingjing Shang, Joan A Kearney
The current study examined longitudinal associations between mental disorders and all-cause subsequent medical events in a 5% random sample of records in the 2010 national Outcome and Assessment Information Set. Records of older adults (N = 28,475) receiving home health care (HHC) services were examined with respect to mental disorders and medical events, including acute care hospitalization, emergency department admission, and 30-day rehospitalization. Predominant mental disorders were depression and anxiety identified by formal diagnoses, symptom clusters, and/or prescription of related mental health services...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
Adam G Golden, Peixin Xu, Thomas T H Wan, Saul Barry Issenberg
OBJECTIVES: With a continual shortage of geriatricians, adult-gerontology primary care nurse practitioners have assumed a greater role in the delivery of outpatient care for older adults. Given the long duration of physician training, the high cost of medical school, and the lower salaries compared with subspecialists, the financial advantage of a career as a geriatrician as opposed to a nurse practitioner is uncertain. This study compares the estimated career earnings of a geriatrician and an adult-gerontology primary care nurse practitioner...
July 2016: Southern Medical Journal
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