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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916923/single-cell-analysis-reveals-the-relevance-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-virus-persistence-to-emopamil-binding-protein-gene-expression-in-host-cells
#1
Hui Fang, Bing Yuan, Lingling Han, Xiu Xin, Hailong Wang, Fangyan Yu, Congyi Zheng, Chao Shen
Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infects host cells in either an acute or persistent manner. In this study, we examined the relevance of the establishment of FMDV persistence to the expression of the emopamil-binding protein (EBP) gene in 231 individual persistently infected baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells after passages 28, 38, and 68 (PI28, PI38, and PI68). At PI28, the stage at which persistent infection of FDMV becomes unstable, the percentage of cells carrying FMDV was 66.7%, while 80.2% of cells were EBP positive...
September 15, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904193/mutations-in-the-fusion-protein-of-measles-virus-that-confer-resistance-to-the-membrane-fusion-inhibitors-carbobenzoxy-d-phe-l-phe-gly-and-as-48
#2
Michael N Ha, Sébastien Delpeut, Ryan S Noyce, Gary Sisson, Karen M Black, Liang-Tzung Lin, Darius Bilimoria, Richard K Plemper, Gilbert G Privé, Christopher D Richardson
The inhibitors Z-d-Phe-l-Phe Gly (fusion inhibitor peptide, FIP) and AS-48 have similar efficacy in blocking membrane fusion and syncytia formation mediated by measles virus. Other homologues such as Z-d-Phe are less effective, but may act through the same mechanism. In an attempt to map the site of action of these inhibitors, we generated mutant viruses which were resistant to the inhibitory effects of Z-d-Phe-l-Phe Gly. These 10 mutations were localized to the heptad repeat region (HRB) of the fusion protein and no changes were observed in the viral hemagglutinin, which is the receptor attachment protein...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892098/correlation-between-e-cadherin-interactions-survivin-expression-and-apoptosis-in-mdck-and-ts-src-mdck-cell-culture-models
#3
Janne Capra, Sinikka Eskelinen
Survivin, a member of inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) protein family, is a multifunctional protein expressed in most cancers. In addition to inhibition of apoptosis, it regulates proliferation and promotes migration. Its presence and function in cells is strongly regulated via transcription factors, intracellular localization, and degradation. We analyzed the presence of survivin at protein level in various culture environments and under activation of Src tyrosine kinase in epithelial canine kidney MDCK cells in order to elucidate factors controlling survivin 'lifespan'...
September 11, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866215/enhanced-antiadhesive-properties-of-chitosan-hyaluronic-acid-polyelectrolyte-multilayers-driven-by-thermal-annealing-low-adherence-for-mammalian-cells-and-selective-decrease-in-adhesion-for-gram-positive-bacteria
#4
Nicolás E Muzzio, Miguel A Pasquale, Eleftheria Diamanti, Danijela Gregurec, Marta Martinez Moro, Omar Azzaroni, Sergio E Moya
The development of antifouling coatings with restricted cell and bacteria adherence is fundamental for many biomedical applications. A strategy for the fabrication of antifouling coatings based on the layer-by-layer assembly and thermal annealing is presented. Polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) assembled from chitosan and hyaluronic acid were thermally annealed in an oven at 37°C for 72h. The effect of annealing on the PEM properties and topography was studied by atomic force microscopy, ζ-potential, circular dichroism and contact angle measurements...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860818/chest-reconstruction-using-a-custom-designed-polyethylene-3d-implant-after-resection-of-the-sternal-manubrium
#5
Joanna Lipińska, Leszek Kutwin, Marcin Wawrzycki, Leszek Olbrzymek, Sławomir Jabłoński
INTRODUCTION: Resection of manubrium or body of the sternum is associated with a necessity of chest wall reconstruction. Large sternal defects require the use of different types of implants to ensure acceptable esthetic effect for the patient and chest stabilization. AIM: The purpose of this case report is to present a novel method of reconstruction of manubrium removed due to renal cancer metastasis to the sternum. CASE: We present the case of a patient, who had underwent right nephrectomy for clear cell kidney cancer, diagnosed with a metastatic tumor in the sternum resulting in destruction of manubrium...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845941/-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-cryoablation-of-renal-tumors
#6
D V Enikeev, P V Glybochko, Yu G Alyaev, L M Rapoport, A V Amosov, T M Alekseeva, M E Enikeev, D G Tsarichenko, D V Chinenov, L D Kozmin, Z K Dzhalaev, M S Taratkin
INTRODUCTION: Surgery remains the gold-standard curative treatment for localized (T1) renal carcinoma. However, recent medical-technological advances have led to the development of new minimally invasive treatment options, one of which is percutaneous cryoablation. AIM: To assess the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 12 patients aged 52 to 76 years who underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoablation of renal tumors from 2015 to 2017...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826704/application-of-a-three-dimensional-printed-product-to-fill-the-space-after-organ-removal-a-case-report
#7
Jui-Yu Weng, Che-Chuaa Wang, Pei-Jar Chen, Sher-Wei Lim, Jinn-Rung Kuo
BACKGROUND: Maintaining body integrity, especially in Asian societies, is an independent predictor of organ donation. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein, we report the case of an 18-year-old man who suffered traumatic brain injury with brain death caused by a car accident. According to the family's wishes, we used a three-dimentional (3D) printer to create a simulated heart, kidneys, and liver to fill the spaces after the patient's organs were removed. This is the first case report to introduce this new clinical application of 3D printed products during transplantation surgery...
August 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819176/use-of-biocompatible-sorafenib-gold-nanoconjugates-for-reversal-of-drug-resistance-in-human-hepatoblatoma-cells
#8
Sandeep Kumar Vishwakarma, Priyanka Sharmila, Avinash Bardia, Lakkireddy Chandrakala, N Raju, G Sravani, B V S Sastry, Md Aejaz Habeeb, Aleem Ahmed Khan, Marshal Dhayal
The present study identifies the potential of highly biocompatible SF-GNP nano-conjugate to enhance the chemotherapeutic response to combat drug resistance in cancer cells. We developed a stable colloidal suspension of sorafenib-gold nanoconjugate (SF-GNP) of <10 nm size in aqueous medium for reverting the cancer drug resistance in SF-resistant HepG2 cells in a 3D ex-vivo model system. In-vivo biocompatibility assay of SF-GNPs showed absence of systemic toxicological effects including hematological, biochemical and histological parameters...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815607/a-3d-tri-culture-system-reveals-that-activin-receptor-like-kinase-5-and-connective-tissue-growth-factor-drive-human-glomerulosclerosis
#9
John P Waters, Yvonne C Richards, Jeremy N Skepper, Mark Southwood, Paul D Upton, Nicholas W Morrell, Jordan S Pober, John R Bradley
Glomerular scarring, known as glomerulosclerosis, occurs in many chronic kidney diseases and involves interaction between glomerular endothelial cells (GEC), podocytes and mesangial cells (MCs), leading to signals that promote extracellular matrix deposition and endothelial cell dysfunction and loss. We describe a 3D tri-culture system to model human glomerulosclerosis. In 3D monoculture, each cell type alters its phenotype in response to TGFβ, which has been implicated as an important mediator of glomerulosclerosis...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814706/-diagnostic-impact-of-3d-ct-with-retrograde-pyelography-for-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-a-case-report
#10
Kohei Takei, Hideyuki Abe, Daisaku Nishihara, Tomoya Mizuno, Yuumi Tokura, Issei Suzuki, Kazumasa Sakamoto, Hideo Yuki, Tsunehito Kambara, Hironori Betsunou, Masahiro Yashi, Yoshitatsu Fukabori, Takao Kamai, Kensuke Inamura, Yasukazu Shioyama, Yasushi Kaji
A 26-year-old woman presented to our hospital with right costovertebral angle (CVA) pain. Ultrasonographyand computed tomography(CT) scan indicated right hydronephrosis, and MAG3 renogram showed an obstructed pattern in the right kidney. Enhanced CT scan revealed an ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) with an aberrant vessel. To clarifythe ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) structure in detail, we utilized 3D-CT with retrograde pyelography (RP), which further revealed the true pinhole ureteral stricture of UPJ unaffected bythe aberrant vessel...
July 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812157/augmented-reality-in-a-tumor-resection-model
#11
Pauline Chauvet, Toby Collins, Clement Debize, Lorraine Novais-Gameiro, Bruno Pereira, Adrien Bartoli, Michel Canis, Nicolas Bourdel
BACKGROUND: Augmented Reality (AR) guidance is a technology that allows a surgeon to see sub-surface structures, by overlaying pre-operative imaging data on a live laparoscopic video. Our objectives were to evaluate a state-of-the-art AR guidance system in a tumor surgical resection model, comparing the accuracy of the resection with and without the system. Our system has three phases. Phase 1: using the MRI images, the kidney's and pseudotumor's surfaces are segmented to construct a 3D model...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772699/tracing-the-bioavailability-of-three-dimensional-graphene-foam-in-biological-tissues
#12
Tanveer A Tabish, Sakineh Chabi, Muhammad Ali, Yongde Xia, Farhat Jabeen, Shaowei Zhang
Graphene-based materials with a three-dimensional (3D) framework have been investigated for a variety of biomedical applications because of their 3D morphology, excellent physiochemical properties, volume stability, and their controllable degradation rate. Current knowledge on the toxicological implications and bioavailability of graphene foam (GF) has major uncertainties surrounding the fate and behavior of GF in exposed environments. Bioavailability, uptake, and partitioning could have potential effects on the behavior of GF in living organisms, which has not yet been investigated...
March 24, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765636/high-resolution-patterned-cellular-constructs-by-droplet-based-3d-printing
#13
Alexander D Graham, Sam N Olof, Madeline J Burke, James P K Armstrong, Ellina A Mikhailova, James G Nicholson, Stuart J Box, Francis G Szele, Adam W Perriman, Hagan Bayley
Bioprinting is an emerging technique for the fabrication of living tissues that allows cells to be arranged in predetermined three-dimensional (3D) architectures. However, to date, there are limited examples of bioprinted constructs containing multiple cell types patterned at high-resolution. Here we present a low-cost process that employs 3D printing of aqueous droplets containing mammalian cells to produce robust, patterned constructs in oil, which were reproducibly transferred to culture medium. Human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells and ovine mesenchymal stem cells (oMSCs) were printed at tissue-relevant densities (10(7) cells mL(-1)) and a high droplet resolution of 1 nL...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760196/effects-of-pep-1-fk506bp-on-cyst-formation-in-polycystic-kidney-disease
#14
Hyo Sang Jo, Won Sik Eum, Eun Young Park, Je Young Ko, Do Yeon Kim, Dae Won Kim, Min Jea Shin, Ora Son, Su Bin Cho, Jung Hwan Park, Chi Hern Lee, Eun Ji Yeo, Hyeon Ji Yeo, Yeon Joo Choi, Jong Kyu Youn, Sung-Woo Cho, Jinseu Park, Jong Hoon Park, Soo Young Choi
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is one of the most common inherited disorders, whereby progressive cyst formation in the kidney leads to renal failure. FK506 binding protein 12 (FK506BP) is an immunophilin protein which performs multiple functions including regulation of cell signaling and survival. In this study, we determined the roles of PEP-1-FK506BP on cell proliferation and cyst formation in PKD cells. Purified PEP-1-FK506BP transduced into PKD cells and markedly inhibited cell proliferation. Also, PEP-1-FK506BP drastically inhibited the expression levels of p-Akt, p-p70S6K, p-mTOR, and p-ERK in PKD cells...
July 28, 2017: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741858/a-computational-approach-for-inferring-the-cell-wall-properties-that-govern-guard-cell-dynamics
#15
Hugh C Woolfenden, Gildas Bourdais, Michaela Kopischke, Eva Miedes, Antonio Molina, Silke Robatzek, Richard J Morris
Guard cells dynamically adjust their shape in order to regulate photosynthetic gas exchange, respiration rates and defend against pathogen entry. Cell shape changes are determined by the interplay of cell wall material properties and turgor pressure. To investigate this relationship between turgor pressure, cell wall properties and cell shape, we focused on kidney-shaped stomata and developed a biomechanical model of a guard cell pair. Treating the cell wall as a composite of the pectin-rich cell wall matrix embedded with cellulose microfibrils, we show that strong, circumferentially oriented fibres are critical for opening...
July 25, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707625/bioprinting-of-functional-vascularized-mouse-thyroid-gland-construct
#16
Elena A Bulanova, Elizaveta V Koudan, Jonathan Degosserie, Charlotte Heymans, Frederico DAS Pereira, Vladislav A Parfenov, Yi Sun, Qi Wang, Suraya A Akhmedova, Irina K Sviridova, Natalia S Sergeeva, Georgy A Frank, Yusef D Khesuani, Christophe E Pierreux, Vladimir A Mironov
Bioprinting can be defined as additive biofabrication of 3D tissues and organ constructs using tissue spheroids, capable of self-assembly, as building blocks. Thyroid gland, a relatively simple endocrine organ, is suitable for testing the proposed bioprinting technology. Here we report the bioprinting of functional vascularized mouse thyroid gland construct from embryonic tissue spheroids as a proof of concept. Based on the self-assembly principle, we generated thyroid tissue starting from thyroid spheroids (TS) and allantoic spheroids (AS), as a source of thyrocytes and endothelial cells (EC), respectively...
July 14, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704481/renal-auto-transplantation-promotes-cortical-microvascular-network-remodeling-in-a-preclinical-porcine-model
#17
Souleymane Maïga, Geraldine Allain, Thierry Hauet, Jerome Roumy, Edouard Baulier, Michel Scepi, Manuel Dierick, Luc Van Hoorebeke, Patrick Hannaert, Franck Guy, Frederic Favreau
The vascular network is a major target of ischemia-reperfusion, but has been poorly investigated in renal transplantation. The aim of this study was to characterize the remodeling of the renal vascular network that follows ischemia-reperfusion along with the most highly affected cortex section in a preclinical renal transplantation model. There were two experimental groups. The first was a grafted kidney group consisting of large white pigs for which the left kidney was harvested, cold flushed, preserved for 24 h in the University of Wisconsin's preservation solution, and then auto-transplanted (n = 5); the right kidney was removed to mimic the situation of human kidney transplantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686597/altered-paracellular-cation-permeability-due-to-a-rare-cldn10b-variant-causes-anhidrosis-and-kidney-damage
#18
Joakim Klar, Jörg Piontek, Susanne Milatz, Muhammad Tariq, Muhammad Jameel, Tilman Breiderhoff, Jens Schuster, Ambrin Fatima, Maria Asif, Muhammad Sher, Katrin Mäbert, Anja Fromm, Shahid M Baig, Dorothee Günzel, Niklas Dahl
Claudins constitute the major component of tight junctions and regulate paracellular permeability of epithelia. Claudin-10 occurs in two major isoforms that form paracellular channels with ion selectivity. We report on two families segregating an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by generalized anhidrosis, severe heat intolerance and mild kidney failure. All affected individuals carry a rare homozygous missense mutation c.144C>G, p.(N48K) specific for the claudin-10b isoform. Immunostaining of sweat glands from patients suggested that the disease is associated with reduced levels of claudin-10b in the plasma membranes and in canaliculi of the secretory portion...
July 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656614/automatic-renal-segmentation-for-mr-urography-using-3d-grabcut-and-random-forests
#19
Umit Yoruk, Brian A Hargreaves, Shreyas S Vasanawala
PURPOSE: To introduce and evaluate a fully automated renal segmentation technique for glomerular filtration rate (GFR) assessment in children. METHODS: An image segmentation method based on iterative graph cuts (GrabCut) was modified to work on time-resolved 3D dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI data sets. A random forest classifier was trained to further segment the renal tissue into cortex, medulla, and the collecting system. The algorithm was tested on 26 subjects and the segmentation results were compared to the manually drawn segmentation maps using the F1-score metric...
June 27, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644734/high-throughput-phenotypic-screening-of-kinase-inhibitors-to-identify-drug-targets-for-polycystic-kidney-disease
#20
Tijmen H Booij, Hester Bange, Wouter N Leonhard, Kuan Yan, Michiel Fokkelman, Steven J Kunnen, Johannes G Dauwerse, Yu Qin, Bob van de Water, Gerard J P van Westen, Dorien J M Peters, Leo S Price
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a prevalent disorder characterized by renal cysts that lead to kidney failure. Various signaling pathways have been targeted to stop disease progression, but most interventions still focus on alleviating PKD-associated symptoms. The mechanistic complexity of the disease, as well as the lack of functional in vitro assays for compound testing, has made drug discovery for PKD challenging. To identify modulators of PKD, Pkd1(-/-) kidney tubule epithelial cells were applied to a scalable and automated 3D cyst culture model for compound screening, followed by phenotypic profiling to determine compound efficacy...
September 2017: SLAS Discovery
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