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Literacy and public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514977/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-newest-vital-sign-nvs-health-literacy-instrument-in-general-population-and-highly-educated-samples-of-brazilian-adults
#1
Renne Rodrigues, Selma Maffei de Andrade, Alberto Durán González, Marcela Maria Birolim, Arthur Eumann Mesas
OBJECTIVE: The present work aimed at cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the health literacy assessment tool Newest Vital Sign (NVS) in general population (GP) and highly educated (HE) samples of Brazilian adults. DESIGN: An expert committee reviewed the translation and back-translation processes and the cultural adaptation. The construct validity was analysed with confirmatory factor analysis and via associations with features of the study population. SETTING: The final validation test was performed in two different populations from Londrina, a large town in southern Brazil...
May 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508541/opt-in-or-opt-out-to-increase-organ-donation-in-south-africa-appraising-proposed-strategies-using-an-empirical-ethics-analysis
#2
Harriet Etheredge, Claire Penn, Jennifer Watermeyer
Utilising empirical ethics analysis, we evaluate the merits of systems proposed to increase deceased organ donation in South Africa (SA). We conclude that SA should maintain its soft opt-in policy, and enhance it with 'required transplant referral' in order to maximise donor numbers within an ethically and legally acceptable framework. In SA, as is the case worldwide, the demand for donor organs far exceeds the supply thereof. Currently utilising a soft opt-in system, SA faces the challenge of how to increase donor numbers in a context which is imbued with inequalities in access to healthcare, multiplicitous personal beliefs and practices, distrust of organ transplant and varying levels of education and health literacy...
May 16, 2017: Developing World Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#3
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495430/patient-versus-physician-variation-in-use-of-transradial-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#4
Shariq Shamim, Fengming Tang, David Safley, Philip Jones, John A Spertus, Dmitri Baklanov
The prevalence of radial access for transradial catheterization remains low in the United States, occurring in only 28% of cases in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) CathPCI. It is unknown whether the low adoption rate has been influenced by patient characteristics or is more operator dependent. In a 10-center study, we compared clinical and demographic characteristics among 323 radial and 1,506 femoral access percutaneous coronary intervention (PCIs) performed by 65 interventionists capable of radial PCI...
March 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494024/household-food-security-and-adequacy-of-child-diet-in-the-food-insecure-region-north-in-ghana
#5
Pascal Agbadi, Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Maurice B Mittelmark
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adequate diet is of crucial importance for healthy child development. In food insecure areas of the world, the provision of adequate child diet is threatened in the many households that sometimes experience having no food at all to eat (household food insecurity). In the context of food insecure northern Ghana, this study investigated the relationship between level of household food security and achievement of recommended child diet as measured by WHO Infant and Young Child Feeding Indicators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490765/effect-of-genomics-related-literacy-on-non-communicable-diseases
#6
Sho Nakamura, Hiroto Narimatsu, Kayoko Katayama, Ri Sho, Takashi Yoshioka, Akira Fukao, Takamasa Kayama
Recent progress in genomic research has raised expectations for the development of personalized preventive medicine, although genomics-related literacy of patients will be essential. Thus, enhancing genomics-related literacy is crucial, particularly for individuals with low genomics-related literacy because they might otherwise miss the opportunity to receive personalized preventive care. This should be especially emphasized when a lack of genomics-related literacy is associated with elevated disease risk, because patients could therefore be deprived of the added benefits of preventive interventions; however, whether such an association exists is unclear...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490419/development-usability-and-efficacy-of-a-serious-game-to-help-patients-learn-about-pain-management-after-surgery-an-evaluation-study
#7
Brynja Ingadottir, Katrin Blondal, David Thue, Sigridur Zoega, Ingela Thylen, Tiny Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is a persistent problem after surgery and can delay recovery and develop into chronic pain. Better patient education has been proposed to improve pain management of patients. Serious games have not been previously developed to help patients to learn how to manage their postoperative pain. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the development of a computer-based game for surgical patients to learn about postoperative pain management and to evaluate the usability, user experience, and efficacy of the game...
May 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487244/defining-food-literacy-a-scoping-review
#8
Emily Truman, Dan Lane, Charlene Elliott
Food literacy is an emerging term that is broadly applied in public health, education, and industry but with little consensus about its meaning. In general, it refers to food skills and knowledge, although its core components vary from initiative to initiative. In light of its ubiquitous use-but varying definitions-this article establishes the scope of food literacy research by identifying all articles that define 'food literacy', analysing its key conceptualizations, and reporting outcomes/measures of this concept...
May 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482104/mediating-alcohol-use-in-eastern-nigeria-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-role-of-popular-media-in-young-people-s-recreational-drinking
#9
Emeka W Dumbili, Lesley Henderson
Nigeria has high levels of alcohol consumption, and little or no regulation of the alcohol industry. There is a dearth of studies exploring young adults' drinking in a Nigerian context with only a few predominantly quantitative surveys. These do not explore the social meanings attached to drinking practices nor do they shed light on potential gender differences and how these are mediated by popular media. This qualitative study addresses this gap with semi-structured interviews involving 31 undergraduate students...
June 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474054/a-decision-support-tool-to-inform-australian-strategies-for-preventing-suicide-and-suicidal-behaviour
#10
Andrew Page, Jo-An Atkinson, Mark Heffernan, Geoff McDonnell, Ian Hickie
Dynamic simulation modelling is increasingly being recognised as a valuable decision-support tool to help guide investments and actions to address complex public health issues such as suicide. In particular, participatory system dynamics (SD) modelling provides a useful tool for asking high-level 'what if' questions, and testing the likely impacts of different combinations of policies and interventions at an aggregate level before they are implemented in the real world. We developed an SD model for suicide prevention in Australia, and investigated the hypothesised impacts over the next 10 years (2015-2025) of a combination of current intervention strategies proposed for population interventions in Australia: 1) general practitioner (GP) training, 2) coordinated aftercare in those who have attempted suicide, 3) school-based mental health literacy programs, 4) brief-contact interventions in hospital settings, and 5) psychosocial treatment approaches...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473951/cross-sectional-survey-of-healthcare-provisions-for-female-tuberculosis-patients-in-specialized-pulmonary-division-from-low-socioeconomic-class-in-lahore-pakistan
#11
Ahsan Zil-E-Ali, Muhammad Aadil, Syed A Abbas, Anas Ahmad, Sami Ur Rehman, Fatima Zil-E-Ali, Humera Karim, Saadia Shafi, Ammara I Khan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate various healthcare provisions for women affected with tuberculosis (TB) from low socioeconomic status and their health seeking behaviors, also whether or not patients feel stigmatized about their disease. INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary tuberculosis has more prevalence in Pakistan as compared to western countries where it occurs predominantly in the immunocompromised individuals and immigrants of certain countries. It is a contagious disease and Pakistan stands at the fifth position with maximum reported cases each year...
April 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459881/facilitators-and-barriers-for-retention-in-hiv-care-between-testing-and-treatment-in-asia-a-study-in-bangladesh-indonesia-lao-nepal-pakistan-philippines-and-vietnam
#12
Sushil Koirala, Keshab Deuba, Oranuch Nampaisan, Gaetano Marrone, Anna Mia Ekström
INTRODUCTION: The need for efficient retention in HIV care is more evident than ever because of the expansion of earlier ART initiation and the shift towards 'Test and Treat'. This study assesses factors affecting participation in the HIV care cascade among people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the Asia-Pacific Region. METHODS: A total of 7843 PLHIV aged 18-50 years were recruited using targeted and venue-based sampling between October 1, 2012, and May 31, 2013, across 59 sites in 7 countries (Bangladesh, Indonesia, Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Vietnam)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455081/optimizing-postpartum-care-for-the-patient-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Noelle G Martinez, Charlotte M Niznik, Lynn M Yee
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) poses well-established risks to both the mother and infant. As over 50% of women with GDM will develop type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in their lifetime, performing postpartum oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) is paramount to initiation of appropriate lifestyle interventions and pharmacologic therapy. Nonetheless, test completion among women with GDM is estimated to be <50%, with particularly low rates in Latina patients, as well as patients with public insurance, low education levels, and low health literacy...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452025/improving-cancer-literacy-for-the-deaf-using-deaf-tailored-educational-interventions-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Tahereh NaseriBooriAbadi, Farahnaz Sadoughi, Abbas Sheikhtaheri
To date, there have been many strategies, including educational interventions, for cancer prevention and control, but most of them are not deaf-tailored ones. This narrative review aimed to examine cancer educational programs to improve the deaf individuals' knowledge and attitude toward cancer. The design of this study is a narrative review. We searched ISI Web of Science, Scopus, Science Direct, and MEDLINE/PubMed using the following search strategy: ("cancer education" AND "deaf") OR ("cancer" AND "deaf" AND literacy)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448775/exploring-electronic-medical-record-and-self-administered-medication-risk-screening-tools-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#15
Mark J Makowsky, Ken Cor, Tat Wong
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical record (EMR) screening for indicators of medication risk could improve efficiency in identifying primary care clinic patients in need of clinical pharmacist care compared with patient self-reporting. OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare the performance of an EMR medication risk assessment questionnaire (MRAQ) with a self-administered (SA) MRAQ and (b) explore each tool's ability to predict indicators of health behavior, health status, and health care utilization...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441934/health-literacy-in-childhood-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-models
#16
Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer, Dirk Bruland, Sandra Schlupp, Torsten M Bollweg, Luis Saboga-Nunes, Emma Bond, Kristine Sørensen, Eva-Maria Bitzer, Susanne Jordan, Olga Domanska, Christiane Firnges, Graça S Carvalho, Uwe H Bittlingmayer, Diane Levin-Zamir, Jürgen Pelikan, Diana Sahrai, Albert Lenz, Patricia Wahl, Malcolm Thomas, Fabian Kessl, Paulo Pinheiro
BACKGROUND: Children and young people constitute a core target group for health literacy research and practice: during childhood and youth, fundamental cognitive, physical and emotional development processes take place and health-related behaviours and skills develop. However, there is limited knowledge and academic consensus regarding the abilities and knowledge a child or young person should possess for making sound health decisions. The research presented in this review addresses this gap by providing an overview and synthesis of current understandings of health literacy in childhood and youth...
April 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441327/exclusive-breastfeeding-practice-and-its-association-among-mothers-of-under-5-children-in-kwango-district-dr-congo
#17
Sarita Dhakal, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
The benefit of the breastfeeding has been well-established. In comparison to partial breast feeding, exclusive breastfeeding has even more benefits. The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with breastfeeding exclusivity during the first 6 months of life in order to better target public health interventions in this community towards healthier infant nutrition and address child mortality in this population. A cross-sectional survey among 1145 random households was conducted in the Kwango district of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during 2 November 2015 to 13 November 2015...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439904/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-oral-health-literacy-instrument-for-the-chilean-population
#18
Ricardo A Cartes-Velásquez, Luis Luengo Machuca
OBJECTIVE: To report the adaptation and cultural validation of the Oral Health Literacy Instrument (OHLI) for the adult Chilean population attending public and university health services. STUDY DESIGN: The original OHLI in English was translated to Spanish and back-translated, then a preliminary version was obtained following review by four experts. A pilot study was carried out in 30 patients, who were asked to assess their understanding of the questionnaire. The following variables were included: sociodemographic factors (sex, age, average monthly income, education and marital status); oral health (history of caries, periodontal disease and oral hygiene); oral health-related quality of life; health literacy; oral health literacy; and psychometric properties (internal consistency, temporal stability, convergent validity and predictive validity)...
April 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427024/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-epilepsy-among-teachers-at-ethio-national-school-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#19
Tesfaye Berhe, Bethlehem Yihun, Emebet Abebe, Hailu Abera
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders and is poorly understood by the public and has been associated with numerous misconceptions and beliefs. This, coupled with its dramatic clinical manifestations, has resulted in a strong social stigma. Since teachers have a key role in society as educators, the purpose of this study was to find out the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards epilepsy among school teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of 135 teachers about epilepsy using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#20
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
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