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Literacy and public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922992/hpv-misconceptions-among-college-students-the-role-of-health-literacy
#1
Amy E Albright, Rebecca S Allen
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is currently the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States, with potentially serious health consequences, including cervical cancer. Young adults are particularly at risk of infection, but many remain unvaccinated. Low health literacy may contribute to poor knowledge of HPV and lack of vaccine uptake, and women living in the Southeastern United States are particularly at risk for lower vaccination rates and cervical cancer screening adherence. Three-hundred-sixty undergraduates at a Southeastern U...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921679/cross-sectional-study-of-cognitive-stress-appraisal-and-related-factors-among-workers-in-metropolitan-areas-of-japan
#2
Natsuka Tohmiya, Etsuko Tadaka, Azusa Arimoto
OBJECTIVE: Stress has major socioeconomic implications for all spheres of employment. It is a trigger for depression, and affects absenteeism, turnover, productivity, morale and suicide. Positive or negative cognitive stress appraisal can be a self-care strategy that affects workers' ability to cope with stress. This study examined cognitive stress appraisal among workers and identified related individual and environmental factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-administered postal questionnaires...
June 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920745/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-an-interactive-avatar-based-education-application-for-improving-heart-failure-patients-knowledge-and-self-care-behaviors-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#3
Parichat Wonggom, Huiyun DU, Robyn A Clark
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an avatar-based education application for improving knowledge and self-care behavior in patients with heart failure. BACKGROUND: Avatar-based technologies for supporting education are an innovative approach for patients with low literacy, low health literacy and English as a second language. The use of avatar technologies for patient education has shown benefits in improving knowledge, self-care behaviors and quality of life in chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes and depression...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914446/-improving-native-american-elder-access-to-and-use-of-health-care-through-effective-health-system-navigation
#4
Cathleen E Willging, David H Sommerfeld, Elise Trott Jaramillo, Erik Lujan, Roxane Spruce Bly, Erin K Debenport, Steven P Verney, Ron Lujan
BACKGROUND: Public insurance reforms of the past two decades have failed to substantively address the healthcare needs of American Indians in general, let alone the particular needs of American Indian elders, ages 55 years and older. Historically, this population is more likely to be uninsured and to suffer from greater morbidities, poorer health outcomes and quality of life, and lower life expectancies compared to all other United States aging populations, representing a neglected group within the healthcare system...
June 18, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914065/moving-towards-a-comprehensive-approach-for-health-literacy-interventions-the-development-of-a-health-literacy-intervention-model
#5
Bas Geboers, Sijmen A Reijneveld, Jaap A R Koot, Andrea F de Winter
Low health literacy (HL) is associated with many negative health outcomes, and is a major challenge in public health and healthcare. Interventions to improve outcomes associated with HL are needed. In this paper, we aim to develop a comprehensive HL intervention model. We used a multimethod approach, consisting of (1) a literature review of articles listed in MEDLINE, presenting HL intervention models, (2) online consultation of international HL experts, and (3) two consensus meetings with members ( n = 36 and 27) of a consortium studying HL among older adults (50+) in Europe...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908019/health-needs-and-priorities-of-syrian-refugees-in-camps-and-urban-settings-in-jordan-perspectives-of-refugees-and-health-care-providers
#6
Tala Al-Rousan, Zaker Schwabkey, Lara Jirmanus, Brett D Nelson
Background: The United Nations has declared the Syrian refugee crisis to be the biggest humanitarian emergency of our era. Neighbouring countries, such as Jordan, strain to meet the health needs of Syrian refugees in addition to their own citizens given limited resources. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the perspectives of Syrian refugees in Jordan, Jordanian health care providers and other stakeholders in addressing the public health issues of the refugee crisis...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901572/association-of-financial-literacy-with-hospitalization-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#7
Bryan D James, Robert S Wilson, Raj C Shah, Lei Yu, Zoe Arvanitakis, David A Bennett, Patricia A Boyle
BACKGROUND: Lowering the likelihood of hospitalization in older adults is a major public health goal for modern health care systems. Emerging data suggest that financial literacy is an important determinant of health outcomes in old age, but the relationship with hospitalization has not been explored. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that better financial literacy is related to lower risk of hospitalization in older persons. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
July 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892596/developing-an-undergraduate-public-health-introductory-core-course-series
#8
Denise C Nelson-Hurwitz, Michelle Tagorda, Lisa Kehl, Opal V Buchthal, Kathryn L Braun
The number of undergraduate public health education programs is increasing, but few publications provide examples of introductory public health courses that provide foundational knowledge and meet 2016 Council on Education in Public Health (CEPH) accreditation standards. This article presents the development and testing of a three-course, introductory series in public health at the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa (UHM). Development was informed by best pedagogical practices in education, web review of existing programs, literature review, key informant interviews, and accreditation standards...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890357/disability-as-deprivation-of-capabilities-estimation-using-a-large-scale-survey-in-morocco-and-tunisia-and-an-instrumental-variable-approach
#9
Jean-Francois Trani, Parul Bakhshi, Derek Brown, Dominique Lopez, Fiona Gall
The capability approach pioneered by Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum offers a new paradigm to examine disability, poverty and their complex associations. Disability is hence defined as a situation in which a person with an impairment faces various forms of restrictions in functionings and capabilities. Additionally, poverty is not the mere absence of income but a lack of ability to achieve essential functionings; disability is consequently the poverty of capabilities of persons with impairment. It is the lack of opportunities in a given context and agency that leads to persons with disabilities being poorer than other social groups...
May 25, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888870/destigmatizing-psychosis-investigating-the-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-programme-in-hong-kong-secondary-school-students
#10
Christy L M Hui, Whitty W T Leung, Andreas K H Wong, Ka Yan Loong, Joy Kok, Amanda Hwang, Edwin H M Lee, Sherry K W Chan, Wing Chung Chang, Eric Y H Chen
AIM: Although the reasons behind the stigmatization of psychosis are manifold, poor mental health literacy among the general public is likely to be a major factor. In Hong Kong, the Early Psychosis Foundation (EPISO) was established in 2007 to tackle this issue by providing educational and mental health promotional activities, among other aims and services. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of a school-based interventional programme, the School Tour, developed by EPISO. METHODS: The School Tour differentiates itself from other interventional programmes by supplementing a traditional psychoeducational talk with 2 additional elements: an engaging drama performance and exercise demonstrations...
June 11, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885557/social-rejection-towards-mentally-ill-people-in-hungary-between-2001-and-2015-has-there-been-any-change
#11
Tzipi Buchman-Wildbaum, Borbála Paksi, Edit Sebestyén, Bernadette Kun, Katalin Felvinczi, Ágoston Schmelowszky, Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Róbert Urbán
Despite the improving mental health literacy of the public over recent years, people's attitudes towards people with the diagnosis of mental illness do not appeared to have changed. Long-term studies are scarce and mainly limited to Northwestern Europe. Given that no study has ever been carried out in Hungary, the present study examined attitudinal trends towards mentally ill people in the country, and evaluated its determinants using one item of the Social Distance Scale to assess social rejection towards others...
May 23, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884577/what-variables-are-associated-with-the-public-s-willingness-to-take-measures-to-maintain-a-hygienic-hospital-environment
#12
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Mina Zemach, Ricky Cohen, Asher Salmon, Lior Lowenstein, Dan Shteinberg
BACKGROUND: Most of the studies on hospital infections have focused on the perceptions and reported behavior of the medical personnel. This research explore the practices undertaken both by Israeli patients and visitors, in order to maintain a hygienic hospital environment, and to locate the variables that are associated with them. METHODS: An online survey of national representative sample of Israeli hospital's visitors and patients adult population, who were hospitalized in the five years before the interview (n=209), and who visited patients in hospitals in the three years before the interview (n=454)...
June 5, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882625/innovation-engagement-and-development-moving-forward-in-health-information-settings
#13
EDITORIAL
Hannah Spring
The current trends influencing change in health information and library settings are presenting some exciting new opportunities for health information specialists. Increasingly, knowledge specialists are playing a pivotal role in the effective mobilisation of knowledge and evidence. The focus for our profession will continue to be on demonstrating the value and impact of our services, but a shift in expectations about how those services are delivered will need to be underpinned by new tools and skill sets. These issues are reflected in the themes of the Health Libraries Group 2018 conference, and in conjunction with the event, this virtual issue draws together a collection of articles reflecting those themes...
June 8, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866737/preventing-chronic-disease-in-patients-with-low-health-literacy-using-ehealth-and-teamwork-in-primary-healthcare-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Sharon M Parker, Nigel Stocks, Don Nutbeam, Louise Thomas, Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Nicholas Zwar, Jon Karnon, Jane Lloyd, Manny Noakes, Siaw-Teng Liaw, Annie Lau, Richard Osborne, Mark F Harris
INTRODUCTION: Adults with lower levels of health literacy are less likely to engage in health-promoting behaviours. Our trial evaluates the impacts and outcomes of a mobile health-enhanced preventive intervention in primary care for people who are overweight or obese. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A two-arm pragmatic practice-level cluster randomised trial will be conducted in 40 practices in low socioeconomic areas in Sydney and Adelaide, Australia. Forty patients aged 40-70 years with a body mass index ≥28 kg/m2 will be enrolled per practice...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866648/health-literacy-and-cardiovascular-disease-fundamental-relevance-to-primary-and-secondary-prevention-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#15
REVIEW
Jared W Magnani, Mahasin S Mujahid, Herbert D Aronow, Crystal W Cené, Victoria Vaughan Dickson, Edward Havranek, Lewis B Morgenstern, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Amy Pollak, Joshua Z Willey
Health literacy is the degree to which individuals are able to access and process basic health information and services and thereby participate in health-related decisions. Limited health literacy is highly prevalent in the United States and is strongly associated with patient morbidity, mortality, healthcare use, and costs. The objectives of this American Heart Association scientific statement are (1) to summarize the relevance of health literacy to cardiovascular health; (2) to present the adverse associations of health literacy with cardiovascular risk factors, conditions, and treatments; (3) to suggest strategies that address barriers imposed by limited health literacy on the management and prevention of cardiovascular disease; (4) to demonstrate the contributions of health literacy to health disparities, given its association with social determinants of health; and (5) to propose future directions for how health literacy can be integrated into the American Heart Association's mandate to advance cardiovascular treatment and research, thereby improving patient care and public health...
June 4, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863418/impact-of-parental-socioeconomic-factors-on-childhood-cancer-mortality-a-population-based-registry-study
#16
Anniina Tolkkinen, Laura Madanat-Harjuoja, Mervi Taskinen, Matti Rantanen, Nea Malila, Janne Pitkäniemi
INTRODUCTION: Parental socioeconomic status has been proposed to have an influence on childhood cancer mortality even in high-income countries. Our study investigated the influence of parental socioeconomic factors on childhood cancer mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We identified 4437 patients diagnosed with cancer under the age of 20 from 1990 to 2009 and their parents from the Finnish cancer and central population registers. Information on death from primary cancer during five-year follow-up and parental socioeconomic factors was obtained from Statistics Finland...
June 4, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29862055/accelerating-kenya-s-progress-to-2030-understanding-the-determinants-of-under-five-mortality-from-1990-to-2015
#17
Emily C Keats, William Macharia, Neha S Singh, Nadia Akseer, Nirmala Ravishankar, Anthony K Ngugi, Arjumand Rizvi, Emma Nelima Khaemba, John Tole, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Introduction: Despite recent gains, Kenya did not achieve its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target for reducing under-five mortality. To accelerate progress to 2030, we must understand what impacted mortality throughout the MDG period. Methods: Trends in the under-five mortality rate (U5MR) were analysed using data from nationally representative Demographic and Health Surveys (1989-2014). Comprehensive, mixed-methods analyses of health policies and systems, workforce and health financing were conducted using relevant surveys, government documents and key informant interviews with country experts...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860568/depression-literacy-and-health-seeking-attitudes-in-the-western-pacific-region-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Grace W K Ho, D Bressington, S F Leung, K K C Lam, A Y M Leung, A Molassiotis, J Ligot, C Ranoco, C Sophal, M Valimaki
PURPOSE: Depression literacy refers to the ability to recognize depression and make informed decisions about its treatment. To date, relatively little research has been done to examine depression literacy in the Western Pacific region. Given the pervasiveness of depression and the need to enhance mental health care in this region, it is important to gain a better understanding of depression literacy and health-seeking behaviors in this part of the world. METHODS: This mixed-methods study utilized a convergent parallel design to examine depression literacy and the associated health-seeking attitudes among urban adults from three countries-Cambodia, Philippines, and Fiji...
June 2, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852491/assessing-genetic-literacy-awareness-and-knowledge-gaps-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-health-information-national-trends-survey
#19
Melinda Krakow, Chelsea L Ratcliff, Bradford W Hesse, Alexandra J Greenberg-Worisek
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Public understanding of the role of genetics in disease risk is key to appropriate disease prevention and detection. This study assessed the current extent of awareness and use of genetic testing in the US population. Additionally, the study identified characteristics of subgroups more likely to be at risk for low genetic literacy. METHODS: The study used data from the National Cancer Institute's 2017 Health Information National Trends Survey, including measures of genetic testing awareness, genetic testing applications and genetic testing usage...
May 31, 2018: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845400/exploring-factors-affecting-voluntary-adoption-of-electronic-medical-records-among-physicians-and-clinical-assistants-of-small-or-solo-private-general-practice-clinics
#20
Calvin Or, Ellen Tong, Joseph Tan, Summer Chan
The health care reform initiative led by the Hong Kong government's Food and Health Bureau has started the implementation of an electronic sharing platform to provide an information infrastructure that enables public hospitals and private clinics to share their electronic medical records (EMRs) for improved access to patients' health care information. However, previous attempts to convince the private clinics to adopt EMRs to document health information have faced challenges, as the EMR adoption has been voluntary...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
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