keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Literacy and public health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219334/assessing-the-predictive-power-of-psychological-empowerment-and-health-literacy-for-older-patients-participation-in-health-care-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#1
Gabriele Sak, Fabia Rothenfluh, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Research has confirmed a positive link between patient involvement in decision-making and improvements in health outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the roles of psychological empowerment and health literacy on the elderly's willingness to engage in treatment decisions. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a randomly selected sample of Swiss adults aged 65-80 years old (N = 826). Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the contribution of health literacy, psychological empowerment, and trust in physician on participants' preference to be active, collaborative or passive in decision-making...
February 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217603/the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-and-its-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#2
Jismary George, Divya Nair, Nancy R Premkumar, Nirmala Saravanan, Palanivel Chinnakali, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is an emerging problem worldwide and more so in India. Considering its adverse effects on women's health, assessing the burden of violence in the community will help in planning services for the victims. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to identify factors associated with domestic violence among married women in reproductive age group in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Puducherry, South India...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#3
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208782/prevalence-of-tobacco-smoking-and-determinants-of-success-in-quitting-smoking-among-patients-with-chronic-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-western-china
#4
Hang Fu, Da Feng, Shangfeng Tang, Zhifei He, Yuanxi Xiang, Tailai Wu, Ruoxi Wang, Tian Shao, Chunyan Liu, Piaopiao Shao, Zhanchun Feng
Tobacco use is one of the behavioral risk factors for chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate smoking prevalence in chronically ill residents and their smoking behavior in western rural China, to identify factors associated with success in quitting smoking, and to provide appropriate intervention strategies for tobacco control. Cross-sectional survey data from patients with chronic diseases from rural western China were analyzed. Among the 906 chronically ill patients, the current smoking prevalence was 26...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192674/designing-visual-aids-that-promote-risk-literacy
#5
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Edward T Cokely
Background Effective risk communication is essential for informed decision making. Unfortunately, many people struggle to understand typical risk communications because they lack essential decision-making skills. Objective The aim of this study was to review the literature on the effect of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, and to evaluate the benefits of visual aids in risk communication. Method We present a conceptual framework describing the influence of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, followed by a systematic review of the benefits of visual aids in risk communication for people with different levels of numeracy and graph literacy...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174067/health-literacy-in-the-ehealth-era-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Henna Kim, Bo Xie
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify studies on online health service use by people with limited health literacy, as the findings could provide insights into how health literacy has been, and should be, addressed in the eHealth era. METHODS: To identify the relevant literature published since 2010, we performed four rounds of selection-database selection, keyword search, screening of the titles and abstracts, and screening of full texts. This process produced a final of 74 publications...
January 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162047/design-of-a-patient-information-leaflet-in-a-surgical-centre-in-cambodia
#7
Alexander Thomas Schade, Thomas Mendes da Costa, Jim Gollogly, Fergal Monsell
Hand deformities cause a large surgical burden on Cambodian society. They significantly affect the quality of life, limit hand function and can cause severe mental health issues. The visited surgical centre provides free rehabilitative surgery in Phnom Penh for those unable to afford private or public healthcare. As part of the postoperative care provided, a team of local Khmer physiotherapists help patients with early mobilisation, passive and active movements, and functional exercises. Leaflets are widespread in high-income countries, but are scarce in low-income countries...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156570/lessons-learned-from-a-clinical-research-partnership-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#8
Karla T Washington, Diane L Huenke
: 238 Background: Palliative care providers and investigators at the University of Missouri developed a clinical-research partnership to conduct a randomized clinical trial (R21CA191165; NCT02427490; PI: Washington) of a technologically-mediated intervention for family caregivers of cancer patients aimed at decreasing caregivers' distress and improving their quality of life. As the first year of the project drew to a close, the clinician-research team sought to systematically examine the challenges they had encountered conducting research in the outpatient palliative care clinic, which serves a 91-county catchment area that is highly rural and underserved, and to document the strategies they had employed to address them...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150059/conceptualizing-a-public-health-prevention-intervention-for-bridging-the-30-million-word-gap
#9
REVIEW
Charles R Greenwood, Judith J Carta, Dale Walker, Jomella Watson-Thompson, Jill Gilkerson, Anne L Larson, Alana Schnitz
Early childhood experience is a social determinant of children's health and well-being. The well-being of young children is founded on their relationships and interactions with parents and family members in the home, caregivers, and teachers in early education, and friends and families in the greater community. Unfortunately, the early language experience of infants and toddlers from low-income families is typically vastly different than children from middle- and higher-income families. Hart and Risley (Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149457/oral-health-literacy-how-much-italian-people-know-about-the-dental-hygienist
#10
Roberto Pippi, Flavia Bagnato, Livia Ottolenghi
BACKGROUND: People with poor OHL have the highest level of oral diseases and the worst oral treatment results. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the degree of knowledge of the role of the dental hygienist in patients who go to a public dental facility for the first time. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to the patients with the "face-to-face" mode during a 12-month period. The principal component analysis, the general linear model and the chi-square test were used for the statistical analysis...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142389/addressing-mental-health-needs-perspectives-of-african-americans-living-in-the-rural-south
#11
Tiffany F Haynes, Ann M Cheney, J Greer Sullivan, Keneshia Bryant, Geoffrey M Curran, Mary Olson, Naomi Cottoms, Christina Reaves
OBJECTIVE: Rural African Americans are disproportionately affected by social stressors that place them at risk of developing psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to understand mental health, mental health treatment, and barriers to treatment from the perspective of rural African-American residents and other stakeholders in order to devise culturally acceptable treatment approaches. METHODS: Seven focus groups (N=50) were conducted with four stakeholder groups: primary care providers, faith community representatives, college students and administrators, and individuals living with mental illness...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142016/measuring-health-literacy-in-asia-validation-of-the-hls-eu-q47-survey-tool-in-six-asian-countries
#12
Tuyen V Duong, Altyn Aringazina, Gaukhar Baisunova, Nurjanah, Thuc V Pham, Khue M Pham, Tien Q Truong, Kien T Nguyen, Win Myint Oo, Emma Mohamad, Tin Tin Su, Hsiao-Ling Huang, Kristine Sørensen, Jürgen M Pelikan, Stephan Van den Broucke, Peter Wushou Chang
BACKGROUND: Health literacy has been increasingly recognized as one of the most important social determinants for health. However, an appropriate and comprehensive assessment tool is not available in many Asian countries. This study validates a comprehensive health literacy survey tool European health literacy questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) for the general public in several Asian countries. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey based on multistage random sampling in the target countries...
February 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139458/completeness-accuracy-and-readability-of-wikipedia-as-a-reference-for-patient-medication-information
#13
Danielle M Candelario, Victoria Vazquez, William Jackson, Timothy Reilly
OBJECTIVES: This study determined the completeness, accuracy, and reading level of Wikipedia patient drug information compared with the corresponding United States product insert medication guides. METHODS: From the Top 200 Drugs of 2012, the top 33 medications with medication guides were analyzed. Medication guides and Wikipedia pages were downloaded on a single date to ensure continuity of Wikipedia content. To quantify the completeness and accuracy of the Wikipedia medication information, a scoring system was adapted from previously published work and compared with the 7 core domains of medication guides...
January 28, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#14
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090401/insights-in-public-health-challenges-investigating-health-outcomes-in-chinese-americans-using-population-based-survey-data
#15
Michelle Tong, Tetine Sentell
Chinese Americans constitute the largest percentage of Asian Americans. In Hawai'i, Chinese Americans make up approximately 4.7% of the total state population. Accurately assessing health disparities across specific Asian American subgroups is critically important to health research and policy, as there is often substantial variability in risk and outcomes. However, even for Chinese Americans, the largest of the Asian American subgroups, such analyses can present challenges in population-based surveys. This article considers these challenges generally and then specifically in terms of the issue of health literacy and heart disease in Chinese Americans using existing population-based survey data sets in the United States, California, and Hawai'i...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076599/applicability-of-the-spoken-knowledge-in-low-literacy-patients-with-diabetes-in-brazilian-elderly
#16
Jonas Gordilho Souza, Daniel Apolinario, José Marcelo Farfel, Omar Jaluul, Regina Miksian Magaldi, Alexandre Leopold Busse, Flávia Campora, Wilson Jacob-Filho
Objective: To translate, adapt and evaluate the properties of a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Spoken Knowledge in Low Literacy Patients with Diabetes, which is a questionnaire that evaluate diabetes knowledge. Methods: A cross-sectional study with type 2 diabetes patients aged ≥60 years, seen at a public healthcare organization in the city of Sao Paulo (SP). After the development of the Portuguese version, we evaluated the psychometrics properties and the association with sociodemographic and clinical variables...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053280/outcome-of-a-knowledge-contact-based-anti-stigma-programme-in-adolescents-and-adults-in-the-chinese-population
#17
E Fung, T L Lo, R Ws Chan, F Cc Woo, C Wl Ma, B Sm Mak
A lack of knowledge about mental health and stigma of the mentally ill are barriers to the treatment of mental disorders. To reduce these barriers, anti-stigma campaigns using a knowledge contact approach were launched to raise public mental health knowledge by education and to reduce stigma by encouraging contact with individuals with mental disorders. The current study attempted to investigate the outcome of a knowledge contact-based programme in adolescents and adults in the Hong Kong Chinese population...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032255/treatment-recommendations-for-schizophrenia-major-depression-and-alcohol-dependence-and-stigmatizing-attitudes-of-the-public-results-from-a-german-population-survey
#18
Sven Speerforck, Georg Schomerus, Herbert Matschinger, Matthias C Angermeyer
In addition to mental health literacy, several potentially conflicting emotions and attitudes among the public are hypothesized to guide their recommendations for specific mental health treatments. It is unclear whether evidence-based treatment strategies are guided by pro-social or stigmatizing attitudes and emotions. In a representative population survey in Germany (n = 3642), we asked respondents to what extent they would recommend psychotropic medication, psychotherapy and relaxation techniques for a person with mental illness described in an unlabelled vignette...
December 28, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011659/measuring-health-literacy-in-university-students-in-vientiane-lao-pdr
#19
Laina Runk, Jo Durham, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Vanphanom Sychareun
Health literacy includes the knowledge, motivation and competence of a person to make judgments and decisions on health information in order to promote and maintain their health in relation to health care, disease prevention and health promotion. The role health literacy plays in determining health outcomes makes it an important focus of public health research. In line with a larger Asia wide initiative (HLS-Asia), this study set out to measure health literacy in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao-PDR)...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011387/the-kidney-and-periodontal-disease-kapd-study-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-the-effect-of-non-surgical-periodontal-therapy-on-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Vanessa Grubbs, Faviola Garcia, Bonnie L Jue, Eric Vittinghoff, Mark Ryder, David Lovett, Jacqueline Carrillo, Steven Offenbacher, Peter Ganz, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Neil R Powe
INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains a prevalent public health problem that disproportionately affects minorities and the poor, despite intense efforts targeting traditional risk factors. Periodontal diseases are common bacterial plaque-induced inflammatory conditions that can respond to treatment and have been implicated as a CKD risk factor. However there is limited evidence that treatment of periodontal disease slows the progression of CKD. METHODS/DESIGN: We describe the protocol of the Kidney and Periodontal Disease (KAPD) study, a 12-month un-blinded, randomized, controlled pilot trial with two intent-to-treat treatment arms: 1...
December 20, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
keyword
keyword
88427
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"