keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Literacy and public health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427024/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-epilepsy-among-teachers-at-ethio-national-school-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#1
Tesfaye Berhe, Bethlehem Yihun, Emebet Abebe, Hailu Abera
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is one of the most common serious chronic brain disorders and is poorly understood by the public and has been associated with numerous misconceptions and beliefs. This, coupled with its dramatic clinical manifestations, has resulted in a strong social stigma. Since teachers have a key role in society as educators, the purpose of this study was to find out the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards epilepsy among school teachers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of 135 teachers about epilepsy using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421566/precision-global-health-in-the-digital-age
#2
Antoine Flahault, Antoine Geissbuhler, Idris Guessous, Philippe Guérin, Isabelle Bolon, Marcel Salathé, Gérard Escher
Precision global health is an approach similar to precision medicine, which facilitates, through innovation and technology, better targeting of public health interventions on a global scale, for the purpose of maximising their effectiveness and relevance. Illustrative examples include: the use of remote sensing data to fight vector-borne diseases; large databases of genomic sequences of foodborne pathogens helping to identify origins of outbreaks; social networks and internet search engines for tracking communicable diseases; cell phone data in humanitarian actions; drones to deliver healthcare services in remote and secluded areas...
April 19, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413166/health-literacy-scale-and-causal-model-of-childhood-overweight
#3
Ungsinun Intarakamhang, Patrawut Intarakamhang
BACKGROUND: WHO focuses on developing health literacy (HL) referring to cognitive and social skills. Our objectives were to develop a scale for evaluating the HL level of Thai childhood overweight, and develop a path model of health behavior (HB) for preventing obesity. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This research used a mixed method. Overall, 2,000 school students were aged 9 to 14 yr collected by stratified random sampling from all parts of Thailand in 2014...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405531/will-the-meikirch-model-a-new-framework-for-health-induce-a-paradigm-shift-in-healthcare
#4
REVIEW
Johannes Bircher, Eckhart G Hahn
Over the past decades, scientific medicine has realized tremendous advances. Yet, it is felt that the quality, costs, and equity of medicine and public health have not improved correspondingly and, both inside and outside the USA, may even have changed for the worse. An initiative for improving this situation is value-based healthcare, in which value is defined as health outcomes relative to the cost of achieving them. Value-based healthcare was advocated in order to stimulate competition among healthcare providers and thereby reduce costs...
March 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397640/school-based-disaster-recovery-promotion-of-children-s-mental-health-over-the-long-haul
#5
Elizabeth Peacock-Chambers, Pilar Del Canto, Douglas Ahlers, Mario Valdivia Peralta, Judith Palfrey
The February 2010 earthquake and tsunamis destroyed 80% of the coastal town of Dichato, Chile, displacing over 400 families for nearly 4 years. The coalition Recupera Chile (RC) participated in the town's integrated recovery process from January 2011 to the present with a focus on children's mental health. The multidisciplinary RC coalition emphasized community-led post-disaster recovery, economic capacity rebuilding, and community health promotion (www.recuperachile.org). RC's child health team fostered partnerships between the local elementary school, health clinic, Universidad de Concepcion, and Boston Children's Hospital...
April 11, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388977/a-new-comprehensive-short-form-health-literacy-survey-tool-for-patients-in-general
#6
Tuyen Van Duong, Peter WuShou Chang, Shih-Hsien Yang, Ming-Chu Chen, Wei-Ting Chao, Tara Chen, Priscilla Chiao, Hsiao-Ling Huang
PURPOSE: To validate a conceptual short-form health literacy 12 items questionnaire (HL-SF12) in patient populations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted via a convenient sample of 403 patients from three departments of a community general hospital in the northern Taiwan. Patients' health literacy was assessed with a validated HL-SF12, derived from the full scale, the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q), as well as a single-item from Chew's Set of Brief Health Literacy Question...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385883/enhancing-the-radiologist-patient-relationship-through-improved-communication-a-quantitative-readability-analysis-in-spine-radiology
#7
D R Hansberry, A L Donovan, A V Prabhu, N Agarwal, M Cox, A E Flanders
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: More than 75 million Americans have less than adequate health literacy skills according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Readability scores are used as a measure of how well populations read and understand patient education materials. The purpose of this study was to assess the readability of Web sites dedicated to patient education for radiologic spine imaging and interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven search terms relevant to radiologic spine imaging were searched on the public Internet, and the top 10 links for each term were collected and analyzed to determine readability scores by using 10 well-validated quantitative readability assessments from patient-centered education Web sites...
April 6, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382298/hiv-futures-8-protocol-for-a-repeated-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-survey-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-australia
#8
Jennifer Power, Graham Brown, Anthony Lyons, Rachel Thorpe, Gary W Dowsett, Jayne Lucke
INTRODUCTION: More than 27,000 Australians currently live with HIV. Most of these people have access to quality clinical care and antiretroviral treatment (ART) and can expect good general health. However, HIV-related stigma is a problem and many people living with HIV experience poorer than average mental health. Issues of aging are also of increasing concern. This paper describes the methods and sample for the HIV Futures 8 study, a national survey of people living with HIV in Australia that aimed to identify factors that support health and well-being among this population...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378279/health-literacy-a-new-perspective-for-patient-empowerment-in-the-public-health-approach-to-hypertension
#9
Guglielmo Bonaccorsi, Pietro Amedeo Modesti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378200/determinants-of-cancer-screening-disparities-among-asian-americans-a-systematic-review-of-public-health-surveys
#10
Jungmi Jun, Xiaoli Nan
We conducted a systematic analysis of 24 peer-reviewed literary works that examined Asian Americans' breast, cervical, and colon cancer screening, focusing on empirical findings from large-scale public health surveys (i.e., NHIS, CHIS, HINTS, BRFSS). We provide an overview of relevant research in terms of study characteristics, samples, predictor/covariate of cancer screenings, and key findings. Our analysis indicates that Asian Americans' cancer screening rates are lower than for non-Hispanic Whites for all cancer types in four large-scale public health surveys throughout 17 study years...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376973/does-context-matter-literacy-disparities-in-self-rated-health-using-evidence-from-17-developed-countries
#11
Yeonjin Lee
OBJECTIVES: The study examines whether adult literacy skills predict self-rated health status beyond educational credentials in 17 developed countries using a cross-national survey, the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC). METHODS: The study uses linear regression models with country-level fixed effects to predict self-rated health to account the unobserved country-level heterogeneity. A total of 73,806 respondents aged 25 to 65 were included in the analysis...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375450/patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-dysphagia-a-systematic-review-of-instrument-development-and-validation
#12
D A Patel, R Sharda, K L Hovis, E E Nichols, N Sathe, D F Penson, I D Feurer, M L McPheeters, M F Vaezi, David O Francis
OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures are commonly used to capture patient experience with dysphagia and to evaluate treatment effectiveness. Inappropriate application can lead to distorted results in clinical studies. A systematic review of the literature on dysphagia-related PRO measures was performed to (1) identify all currently available measures and (2) to evaluate each for the presence of important measurement properties that would affect their applicability. DESIGN: MEDLINE via the PubMed interface, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the Health and Psychosocial Instrument database were searched using relevant vocabulary terms and key terms related to PRO measures and dysphagia...
May 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371935/self-rated-health-literacy-is-associated-with-exercise-frequency-among-adults-aged-50-in-ireland
#13
S Gibney, G Doyle
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-rated health literacy and self-reported exercise frequency among people aged 50+ in Ireland. Data were from the European Health Literacy Survey (2011) a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey of adults aged 15+ from eight countries. Health literacy was measured using composite indices (0-50, low to high) in three domains: healthcare, disease prevention and health promotion. Participants reported how often they exercised for 30 min or longer in the month prior to survey...
March 21, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367774/the-singaporean-public-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness-results-from-a-multi-ethnic-population-based-study
#14
S Pang, M Subramaniam, S P Lee, Y W Lau, E Abdin, B Y Chua, L Picco, J A Vaingankar, S A Chong
AIMS: To identify the common causal beliefs of mental illness in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian community and describe the sociodemographic associations to said beliefs. The factor structure to the causal beliefs scale is explored. The causal beliefs relating to five different mental illnesses (alcohol abuse, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dementia and schizophrenia) and desire for social distance are also investigated. METHODS: Data from 3006 participants from a nationwide vignette-based study on mental health literacy were analysed using factor analysis and multiple logistic regression to address the aims...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363917/funnel-plots-and-choropleth-maps-in-cancer-risk-communication-a-comparison-of-tools-for-disseminating-population-based-incidence-data-to-stakeholders
#15
Walter Mazzucco, Rosanna Cusimano, Maurizio Zarcone, Sergio Mazzola, Francesco Vitale
BACKGROUND: Population-based cancer registries provide epidemiological cancer information, but the indicators are often too complex to be interpreted by local authorities and communities, due to numeracy and literacy limitations. The aim of this paper is to compare the commonly used visual formats to funnel plots to enable local public health authorities and communities to access valid and understandable cancer incidence data obtained at the municipal level. METHODS: A funnel plot representation of standardised incidence ratio (SIR) was generated for the 82 municipalities of the Palermo Province with the 2003-2011 data from the Palermo Province Cancer Registry (Sicily, Italy)...
March 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359455/meeting-commentary-santa-fe-group-salon-expanding-oral-healthcare-for-america-s-seniors-september-28-30-2016
#16
Joan B Wilentz, Dushanka V Kleinman, Michael C Alfano
A meeting to explore ways to expand access to oral health care for seniors-possibly by expanding a dental benefit in Medicare-was convened in Arlington, VA, by the Santa Fe Group. Four factors motivated the meeting: PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The model Medicare dental benefit presented generated much discussion. There was agreement that any dental benefit must attract participating dentists. Agreement was also reached on the importance of public demonstration projects to further establish cost savings from dental care for patients with comorbid diseases, the need to collaborate with nondental advocacy and policy groups to establish that overall health benefits for seniors are gained by adding oral health care, and the necessity of oral health literacy campaigns working directly at the community level with the general public and others, including educators and the media, as well as with policy makers and providers from all health fields and at all levels of professional training...
April 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358338/heat-wave-vulnerability-mapping-for-india
#17
Gulrez Azhar, Shubhayu Saha, Partha Ganguly, Dileep Mavalankar, Jaime Madrigano
Assessing geographic variability in heat wave vulnerability forms the basis for planning appropriate targeted adaptation strategies. Given several recent deadly heatwaves in India, heat is increasingly being recognized as a public health problem. However, to date there has not been a country-wide assessment of heat vulnerability in India. We evaluated demographic, socioeconomic, and environmental vulnerability factors and combined district level data from several sources including the most recent census, health reports, and satellite remote sensing data...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355928/measurement-properties-of-mental-health-literacy-tools-measuring-help-seeking-a-systematic-review
#18
Yifeng Wei, Patrick J McGrath, Jill Hayden, Stan Kutcher
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is important to improve help-seeking behaviors. However, the quality of mental health help-seeking tools remains unknown. AIMS: We conducted a systematic review to appraise the quality of such tools. METHODS: We searched databases for English publications addressing psychometrics of help-seeking tools. We included help-seeking tools addressing mental health in general and tools on four mental disorders: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350274/visual-elements-in-direct-to-consumer-advertising-messages-communicated-to-patients-with-arthritis
#19
Erin Willis
Direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising saturates popular health magazines, communicating persuasive messages to readers that may influence attitudes and behaviors. This research used a two-prong approach to investigate the visual elements used in DTC advertising and their influence on consumers' understanding of a disease and its treatment options. An analysis was conducted of DTC advertisements (N = 62) from a population sample of Arthritis Today magazine, 2000-2010. Three panels of people with arthritis were used to validate the findings and discuss implications for health literacy...
January 2017: Health Marketing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341318/online-palliative-care-and-oncology-patient-education-resources-through-google-do-they-meet-national-health-literacy-recommendations
#20
Arpan V Prabhu, Tudor Crihalmeanu, David R Hansberry, Nitin Agarwal, Christine Glaser, David A Clump, Dwight E Heron, Sushil Beriwal
PURPOSE: The Google search engine is a resource commonly used by patients to access health-related patient education information. The American Medical Association and National Institutes of Health recommend that patient education resources be written at a level between the third and seventh grade reading levels. We assessed the readability levels of online palliative care patient education resources using 10 readability algorithms widely accepted in the medical literature. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In October 2016, searches were conducted for 10 individual terms pertaining to palliative care and oncology using the Google search engine; the first 10 articles written for the public for each term were downloaded for a total of 100 articles...
January 27, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
keyword
keyword
88427
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"