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Literacy and public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334652/does-educational-attainment-shape-reactions-to-genetic-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease-results-from-a-national-survey-experiment
#1
Matthew A Andersson, Shana Kushner Gadarian, Rene Almeling
While higher education is associated with healthy lifestyles and health literacy, it remains unclear whether education shapes reactions to varying levels of genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, participants (N = 701) in the National Genetic Risk Survey Experiment (NGRISE) received a hypothetical genetic risk assessment for AD (ranging from 20 to 80% lifetime risk) and then completed items on their cognitive (perceived threat to health), emotional (general negative affect), and anticipated behavioral (seek information, improve health behaviors, engage in public or private civic action) reactions to this risk...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290733/comparing-mental-health-literacy-and-physical-health-literacy-an-exploratory-study
#2
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289853/information-mismatch-cancer-risk-counseling-with-diverse-underserved-patients
#3
Galen Joseph, Rena J Pasick, Dean Schillinger, Judith Luce, Claudia Guerra, Janice Ka Yan Cheng
As genetics and genomics become part of mainstream Medicine, these advances have the potential to reduce or exacerbate health disparities. Gaps in effective communication (where all parties share the same meaning) are widely recognized as a major contributor to health disparities. The purpose of this study was to examine GC-patient communication in real time, to assess its effectiveness from the patient perspective, and then to pilot intervention strategies to improve the communication. We observed 64 English-, 35 Spanish- and 25 Chinese-speaking (n = 124) public hospital patients and 10 GCs in 170 GC appointments, and interviewed 49 patients who were offered testing using the audio recordings to stimulate recall and probe specific aspects of the communication...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272078/trends-in-nutrient-intakes-nutritional-status-and-correlates-of-undernutrition-among-rural-children-below-5-years-of-age-the-national-nutrition-monitoring-bureau-survey-2012
#4
I I Meshram, M R Kodavanti, H K Rachkulla, B Nagalla, S R Kakani
BACKGROUND: In spite of several national nutrition intervention programs that have been in operation since the past four decades, undernutrition continues to be an important public health problem in India. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the trends in food and nutrient intakes and nutritional status of children in India below 5 years of age. SETTING AND DESIGN: A community-based, cross-sectional study was carried out in ten National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau states by adopting a multistage random sampling procedure...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265579/the-next-frontier-in-communication-and-the-eclippse-study-bridging-the-linguistic-divide-in-secure-messaging
#5
REVIEW
Dean Schillinger, Danielle McNamara, Scott Crossley, Courtney Lyles, Howard H Moffet, Urmimala Sarkar, Nicholas Duran, Jill Allen, Jennifer Liu, Danielle Oryn, Neda Ratanawongsa, Andrew J Karter
Health systems are heavily promoting patient portals. However, limited health literacy (HL) can restrict online communication via secure messaging (SM) because patients' literacy skills must be sufficient to convey and comprehend content while clinicians must encourage and elicit communication from patients and match patients' literacy level. This paper describes the Employing Computational Linguistics to Improve Patient-Provider Secure Email (ECLIPPSE) study, an interdisciplinary effort bringing together scientists in communication, computational linguistics, and health services to employ computational linguistic methods to (1) create a novel Linguistic Complexity Profile (LCP) to characterize communications of patients and clinicians and demonstrate its validity and (2) examine whether providers accommodate communication needs of patients with limited HL by tailoring their SM responses...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264181/public-health-campaigns-and-their-effect-on-stroke-knowledge-in-a-high-risk-urban-population-a-five-year-study
#6
Maged M Metias, Naomi Eisenberg, Michael D Clemente, Elizabeth M Wooster, Andrew D Dueck, Douglas L Wooster, Graham Roche-Nagle
Background The level of knowledge of stroke risk factors and stroke symptoms within a population may determine their ability to recognize and ultimately react to a stroke. Independent agencies have addressed this through extensive awareness campaigns. The aim of this study was to determine the change in baseline knowledge of stroke risk factors, symptoms, and source of stroke knowledge in a high-risk Toronto population between 2010 and 2015. Methods Questionnaires were distributed to adults presenting to cardiovascular clinics at the University of Toronto in Toronto, Canada...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263704/how-could-health-information-be-improved-recommended-actions-from-the-victorian-consultation-on-health-literacy
#7
Sophie J Hill, Tanya A Sofra
Objective Health literacy is on the policy agenda. Accessible, high-quality health information is a major component of health literacy. Health information materials include print, electronic or other media-based information enabling people to understand health and make health-related decisions. The aim of the present study was to present the findings and recommended actions as they relate to health information of the Victorian Consultation on Health Literacy.Methods Notes and submissions from the 2014 Victorian Consultation workshops and submissions were analysed thematically and a report prepared with input from an advisory committee...
March 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261937/communication-challenges-experienced-by-migrants-with-cancer-a-comparison-of-migrant-and-english-speaking-australian-born-cancer-patients
#8
Amelia Hyatt, Ruby Lipson-Smith, Penelope Schofield, Karla Gough, Ming Sze, Lynley Aldridge, David Goldstein, Michael Jefford, Melanie L Bell, Phyllis Butow
OBJECTIVES: Understanding the difficulties faced by different migrant groups is vital to address disparities and inform targeted health-care service delivery. Migrant oncology patients experience increased morbidity, mortality and psychological distress, with this tentatively linked to language and communication difficulties. The objective of this exploratory study was to investigate the communication barriers and challenges experienced by Arabic, Greek and Chinese (Mandarin and Cantonese) speaking oncology patients in Australia...
March 5, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252375/policy-at-play-the-implementation-of-healthy-eating-and-active-living-guidelines-in-municipal-child-care-settings
#9
Kelly McKay, Sherry Nigro
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Ottawa Public Health (OPH) partnered with the City of Ottawa Municipal Child Care (MCC) Services to develop Healthy Eating and Active Living (HEAL) Guidelines. SETTING: The Guidelines aim to promote consistent standards of practice in child care settings related to healthy environments and food, physical activity, physical literacy, decreased sedentary behaviours, and positive role modeling by staff. The Guidelines targeted 498 children aged 18 months to 5 years, attending MCC centres...
March 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245515/addressing-the-barriers-to-driver-licensing-for-aboriginal-people-in-new-south-wales-and-south-australia
#10
Kathleen Clapham, Kate Hunter, Patricia Cullen, Yvonne Helps, Teresa Senserrick, Jake Byrne, James E Harrison, Rebecca Q Ivers
OBJECTIVE: Low rates of driver licensing have been linked to increased risk of transport-related injury, and reduced access to health services, employment and educational opportunities in the Aboriginal population. This paper reports on how barriers to obtaining a driver licence are being addressed in four Aboriginal communities in New South Wales and South Australia. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected over a four-month period in 2013. Interviews with Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal stakeholders (n=31) and 11 focus groups with Aboriginal participants (n=46) were analysed thematically using a framework approach...
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245512/barriers-and-facilitators-to-childhood-obesity-prevention-among-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-communities-in-victoria-australia
#11
Sheila Cyril, Jan M Nicholson, Kingsley Agho, Michael Polonsky, Andre M Renzaho
OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity is rising among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups who show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives. We examined the barriers and facilitators to the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention initiatives. METHODS: We used the nominal group technique to collect data from 39 participants from Vietnamese, Burmese, African, Afghani and Indian origins living in disadvantaged areas of Victoria, Australia...
February 28, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239013/recruitment-and-baseline-characteristics-of-participants-in-the-lifestyle-improvement-through-food-and-exercise-life-study
#12
Elizabeth Lynch, Laurin J Mack, Kelly Karavolos, Elizabeth Avery, Rebecca Liebman, Kathryn S Keim, Crystal M Glover, Leon Fogelfeld
African Americans experience poorer diabetes outcomes than non-Hispanic Whites. Few clinical trials of diabetes self-management interventions specifically target African Americans, perhaps due to well-documented barriers to recruitment in this population. This paper describes strategies used to successfully recruit 211 low-income African Americans from community clinics of a large, urban public hospital system to a randomized clinical trial of an 18-month diabetes self-management intervention. Diabetes-related physiological, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics of the sample are reported...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219334/assessing-the-predictive-power-of-psychological-empowerment-and-health-literacy-for-older-patients-participation-in-health-care-a-cross-sectional-population-based-study
#13
Gabriele Sak, Fabia Rothenfluh, Peter J Schulz
BACKGROUND: Research has confirmed a positive link between patient involvement in decision-making and improvements in health outcomes. The objective of this study was to examine the roles of psychological empowerment and health literacy on the elderly's willingness to engage in treatment decisions. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire was completed by a randomly selected sample of Swiss adults aged 65-80 years old (N = 826). Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the contribution of health literacy, psychological empowerment, and trust in physician on participants' preference to be active, collaborative or passive in decision-making...
February 20, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217603/the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-and-its-associated-factors-among-married-women-in-a-rural-area-of-puducherry-south-india
#14
Jismary George, Divya Nair, Nancy R Premkumar, Nirmala Saravanan, Palanivel Chinnakali, Gautam Roy
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is an emerging problem worldwide and more so in India. Considering its adverse effects on women's health, assessing the burden of violence in the community will help in planning services for the victims. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of domestic violence and to identify factors associated with domestic violence among married women in reproductive age group in rural Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area of Puducherry, South India...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#15
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208782/prevalence-of-tobacco-smoking-and-determinants-of-success-in-quitting-smoking-among-patients-with-chronic-diseases-a-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-western-china
#16
Hang Fu, Da Feng, Shangfeng Tang, Zhifei He, Yuanxi Xiang, Tailai Wu, Ruoxi Wang, Tian Shao, Chunyan Liu, Piaopiao Shao, Zhanchun Feng
Tobacco use is one of the behavioral risk factors for chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to investigate smoking prevalence in chronically ill residents and their smoking behavior in western rural China, to identify factors associated with success in quitting smoking, and to provide appropriate intervention strategies for tobacco control. Cross-sectional survey data from patients with chronic diseases from rural western China were analyzed. Among the 906 chronically ill patients, the current smoking prevalence was 26...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192674/designing-visual-aids-that-promote-risk-literacy
#17
Rocio Garcia-Retamero, Edward T Cokely
Background Effective risk communication is essential for informed decision making. Unfortunately, many people struggle to understand typical risk communications because they lack essential decision-making skills. Objective The aim of this study was to review the literature on the effect of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, and to evaluate the benefits of visual aids in risk communication. Method We present a conceptual framework describing the influence of numeracy on risk literacy, decision making, and health outcomes, followed by a systematic review of the benefits of visual aids in risk communication for people with different levels of numeracy and graph literacy...
February 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174067/health-literacy-in-the-ehealth-era-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Henna Kim, Bo Xie
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify studies on online health service use by people with limited health literacy, as the findings could provide insights into how health literacy has been, and should be, addressed in the eHealth era. METHODS: To identify the relevant literature published since 2010, we performed four rounds of selection-database selection, keyword search, screening of the titles and abstracts, and screening of full texts. This process produced a final of 74 publications...
January 28, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162047/design-of-a-patient-information-leaflet-in-a-surgical-centre-in-cambodia
#19
Alexander Thomas Schade, Thomas Mendes da Costa, Jim Gollogly, Fergal Monsell
Hand deformities cause a large surgical burden on Cambodian society. They significantly affect the quality of life, limit hand function and can cause severe mental health issues. The visited surgical centre provides free rehabilitative surgery in Phnom Penh for those unable to afford private or public healthcare. As part of the postoperative care provided, a team of local Khmer physiotherapists help patients with early mobilisation, passive and active movements, and functional exercises. Leaflets are widespread in high-income countries, but are scarce in low-income countries...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156570/lessons-learned-from-a-clinical-research-partnership-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#20
Karla T Washington, Diane L Huenke
238 Background: Palliative care providers and investigators at the University of Missouri developed a clinical-research partnership to conduct a randomized clinical trial (R21CA191165; NCT02427490; PI: Washington) of a technologically-mediated intervention for family caregivers of cancer patients aimed at decreasing caregivers' distress and improving their quality of life. As the first year of the project drew to a close, the clinician-research team sought to systematically examine the challenges they had encountered conducting research in the outpatient palliative care clinic, which serves a 91-county catchment area that is highly rural and underserved, and to document the strategies they had employed to address them...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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