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Literacy and public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672975/self-recognition-of-mental-health-problems-in-a-rural-australian-sample
#1
Tonelle E Handley, Terry J Lewin, David Perkins, Brian Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Although mental health literacy has increased in recent years, mental illness is often under-recognised. There has been little research conducted on mental illness in rural areas; however, this can be most prominent in rural areas due to factors such as greater stigma and stoicism. The aim of this study is to create a profile of those who are most and least likely to self-identify mental health problems among rural residents with moderate- to-high psychological distress. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a longitudinal postal survey...
April 19, 2018: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671791/the-antecedents-and-consequences-of-health-literacy-in-an-ecological-perspective-results-from-an-experimental-analysis
#2
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Ierardi, Letizia Bachini, Martina Donzellini, Fabrizio Gemmi, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
This study analyses the relationship between the antecedents and consequences of health literacy (HL) at the ecological level among the nations involved in the European Health Literacy Survey (HLS-EU). The antecedents and consequences were investigated by means of proxy indicators. The HL was measured using the 47-item HLS-EU questionnaire (HLS-EUQ47) and the Newest Vital Sign (NVS). The two measures stood in significant correlation to the outcomes of the sub-discipline of the Euro Health Consumer Index (r = 0...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671198/cancer-community-education-in-somali-refugees-in-nebraska
#3
Shinobu Watanabe-Galloway, Nada Alnaji, Brandon Grimm, Melissa Leypoldt
Nebraska has one of the highest numbers of refugees per capita in the U.S. A high number of Somalis have resettled in Nebraska due to job opportunities and the low cost of living. In this paper, we report the process and the results of a cervical and breast cancer education program for Somali women conducted through a collaboration among public health, academia, and community entities. The curriculum was built to be suitable for the literacy level and cultural values of this community. Topics include female reproductive anatomy; breast and cervical cancer knowledge and screening; hepatitis C and liver cancer; and preparing for a health screening visit...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665241/the-effects-of-medication-adherence-and-health-literacy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-hypertension
#4
Nam Hee Park, Mi Sook Song, So Young Shin, Ji-Hye Jeong, Hyo Young Lee
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of medication adherence and health literacy on health-related quality of life in vulnerable older people with hypertension. BACKGROUND: Health literacy is particularly critical for providing accurate information regarding correct medication intake to improve medication adherence. Additionally, health-related quality of life is directly related to impairment from chronic disease. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was used...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659476/prospective-evaluation-of-low-health-literacy-and-its-impact-on-outcomes-in-trauma-patients
#5
Tianyi Swartz, Faisal Jehan, Andrew Tang, Lynn Gries, Muhammad Zeeshan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Mohammad Hamidi, Terence O'Keeffe, Bellal Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Health-literacy is emerging focus of interest in public health and is evolving as an important component of national health policy. Low-health-literacy (LHL) is associated with poor outcomes. We aimed to identify factors associated with LHL and its relationship with health outcomes in trauma patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled all adult trauma patients (age>18y) in our analysis. Patients were surveyed at discharge and followed up at 4-weeks post-discharge...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655499/genetic-testing-in-clinical-settings
#6
Nora Franceschini, Amber Frick, Jeffrey B Kopp
Genetic testing is used for screening, diagnosis, and prognosis of diseases consistent with a genetic cause and to guide drug therapy to improve drug efficacy and avoid adverse effects (pharmacogenomics). This In Practice review aims to inform about DNA-related genetic test availability, interpretation, and recommended clinical actions based on results using evidence from clinical guidelines, when available. We discuss challenges that limit the widespread use of genetic information in the clinical care setting, including a small number of actionable genetic variants with strong evidence of clinical validity and utility, and the need for improving the health literacy of health care providers and the public, including for direct-to-consumer tests...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648962/communication-of-scientific-uncertainty-about-a-novel-pandemic-health-threat-ambiguity-aversion-and-its-mechanisms
#7
Paul K J Han, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Christine W Duarte, Megan Knaus, Adam Black, Aaron M Scherer, Angela Fagerlin
Communicating scientific uncertainty about public health threats is ethically desirable but challenging due to its tendency to promote avoidance of choice options with unknown probabilities-a phenomenon known as "ambiguity aversion." This study examined this phenomenon's potential magnitude, its responses to different communication strategies, and its mechanisms. In a factorial experiment, 2701 adult laypersons in Spain read one of three versions of a hypothetical newspaper article describing a pandemic vaccine-preventable disease (VPD), but varying in scientific uncertainty about VPD risk and vaccine effectiveness: No-Uncertainty, Uncertainty, and Normalized-Uncertainty (emphasizing its expected nature)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648593/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-european-health-literacy-survey-questionnaire
#8
Filiz Abacigil, Hacer Harlak, Pinar Okyay, Didem Evci Kiraz, Selen Gursoy Turan, Gulnur Saruhan, Kagan Karakaya, Hakan Tuzun, Emine Baran Deniz, Omer Tontus, Erdal Beser
Health literacy is a public health priority which refers to individual's knowledge, motivation and competence to access, understand, appraise and apply health information to prevent disease and promote health in daily life. This study aimed to adapt European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) into Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The questionnaire was translated into Turkish by using both group translation and expert opinion methods. Forward translation-back translation method was used for language validity and the final Turkish version (HLS-TR) was formed...
April 10, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627703/suicide-literacy-predicts-the-provision-of-more-appropriate-support-to-people-experiencing-psychological-distress
#9
Tegan Cruwys, Soontae An, Melissa Xue-Ling Chang, Hannah Lee
Mental health literacy has been hailed as a public health priority to reduce stigma and increase help seeking. We examined the effect of suicide literacy on the type of help provided to those experiencing suicidal ideation. A community sample of 363 Australians were randomly assigned to read one of three messages from a member of their social network (the target). The target reported symptoms consistent with either (1) subclinical distress, (2) clinical depression, or (3) suicidal ideation. Participants were most likely to recommend social support and least likely to recommend professional help...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614825/associations-between-parents-health-literacy-and-sleeping-hours-in-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Hiroto Ogi, Daisuke Nakamura, Masato Ogawa, Teruhiko Nakamura, Kazuhiro P Izawa
BACKGROUND: Sleep in preschool children is an important factor for their health and active lives. The lack of adequate sleep in preschool children is a serious public problem in Japan. The relationship between health literacy (HL) and health status is well recognized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the sleep duration of preschool children and the HL of their parents. METHODS: In the present study, participants were preschool children (3-6 years) and their parents...
April 2, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589204/new-literacy-challenge-for-the-twenty-first-century-genetic-knowledge-is-poor-even-among-well-educated
#11
Robert Chapman, Maxim Likhanov, Fatos Selita, Ilya Zakharov, Emily Smith-Woolley, Yulia Kovas
We live in an age of rapidly advancing genetic research. This research is generating new knowledge that has implications for personal health and well-being. The present study assessed the level of genetic knowledge and personal engagement with genetics in a large sample (Nā€‰=ā€‰5404) of participants. Participants received secondary education in 78 countries, with the largest samples from Russia, the UK and the USA. The results showed significant group differences in genetic knowledge between different countries, professions, education levels and religious affiliations...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569968/organizational-health-literacy-review-of-theories-frameworks-guides-and-implementation-issues
#12
Elina Farmanova, Luc Bonneville, Louise Bouchard
Organizational health literacy is described as an organization-wide effort to transform organization and delivery of care and services to make it easier for people to navigate, understand, and use information and services to take care of their health. Several health literacy guides have been developed to assist healthcare organizations with this effort, but their content has not been systematically reviewed to understand the scope and practical implications of this transformation. The objective of this study was to review (1) theories and frameworks that inform the concept of organizational health literacy, (2) the attributes of organizational health literacy as described in the guides, (3) the evidence for the effectiveness of the guides, and (4) the barriers and facilitators to implementing organizational health literacy...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566358/partnering-with-consumers-in-the-public-reporting-of-quality-of-care-review-of-the-victorian-quality-of-care-reports
#13
Charissa Zaga, Sandra Leggat, Sophie Hill
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the content of annual Victorian quality of care reports had an increased consumer participation focus following the introduction of the National Safety and Quality Health Service (NSQHS) Partnering with Consumers standard. Methods A mixed-methods approach comprising a comparative descriptive observational study design with quantitative data analysis was used. Nine large Victorian metropolitan public health services' annual quality of care reports from 2011 and 2014 were analysed using a newly devised analysis framework consisting of elements of the NSQHS 'Partnering with Consumers' standard and minimal requirements for Quality of Care reporting by the Department of Health and Human Services...
March 23, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564920/advancing-health-literacy-among-hispanic-immigrants-the-intersection-between-education-and-health
#14
Francisco Soto Mas, Holly E Jacobson
Health literacy is a priority issue in both medicine and public health, as it refers to the capacity to obtain and understand basic health information and services and to make appropriate health decisions. Health literacy has been associated with a variety of health care and health outcomes such as hospital admissions, use of preventive services, management of chronic conditions, and mortality. There is also evidence of the connection between low health literacy and health disparities. Despite federal and private efforts, improving health literacy has proven to be an enormous challenge...
March 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562939/frameworks-for-embedding-a-research-culture-in-allied-health-practice-a-rapid-review
#15
REVIEW
Susan C Slade, Kathleen Philip, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: Although allied health clinicians play a key role in the provision of healthcare, embedding a culture of research within public and private health systems remains a challenge. In this rapid review we critically evaluate frameworks for embedding research into routine allied health practice, as the basis for high quality, safe, efficient and consumer-focused care. METHODS: A rapid review (PROSPERO: CRD42017075699) was conducted to evaluate frameworks designed to create and embed research in the health sector...
March 21, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546357/teaching-epidemiology-at-the-undergraduate-level-considerations-and-approaches
#16
Emily Goldmann, James H Stark, Farzana Kapadia, Matthew B McQueen
The rapid growth in undergraduate public health education has offered an increasing number of undergraduate students training in epidemiology. Epidemiology courses introduce undergraduate students to a population health perspective and provide opportunities for these students to build essential skills and competencies such as ethical reasoning, teamwork, comprehension of scientific methods, critical thinking, quantitative and information literacy, ability to analyze public health information, and effective writing and oral communication...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543949/rehabilitation-referral-for-patients-with-irreversible-vision-impairment-seen-in-a-public-safety-net-eye-clinic
#17
M Austin Coker, Carrie E Huisingh, Gerald McGwin, Russell W Read, Mark W Swanson, Laura E Dreer, Dawn K DeCarlo, Lindsay Gregg, Cynthia Owsley
Importance: The prevalence of irreversible vision impairment in the United States is expected to increase by 2050. Vision rehabilitation is the primary treatment option. Clinical trials have established its efficacy in improving quality of life. Yet studies indicate that patients experience many barriers to accessing low-vision care. Objectives: To examine the rate of referral for low-vision rehabilitation services by resident and attending ophthalmologists for adults with irreversible vision impairment and to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs of patients about vision rehabilitation...
March 15, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540120/mobile-health-for-mental-health-in-west-africa-the-case-for-ghana
#18
Dror Ben-Zeev
Although underdeveloped in mental health care, the sub-Saharan country of Ghana is advanced in telecommunications. In this context, innovative mobile health (mHealth) approaches may help to overcome limited infrastructure (lack of clinics, trained professionals, and landlines) and to address significant unmet public mental health needs. The Technology in Mental Health editor reports on travels to Ghana to assess the viability of mHealth for mental health initiatives in the region. He found that stakeholders from all sectors (patients, providers, government officials, and traditional and faith healers) were open to exploring whether mHealth approaches could promote more humane care, reduce human rights violations, and improve the clinical outcomes of those in need...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538415/a-qualitative-study-on-the-experiences-and-perspectives-of-public-sector-patients-in-cape-town-in-managing-the-workload-of-demands-of-hiv-and-type-2-diabetes-multimorbidity
#19
Rangarirai Matima, Katherine Murphy, Naomi S Levitt, Rhonda BeLue, Tolu Oni
BACKGROUND: Current South African health policy for chronic disease management proposes integration of chronic services for better outcomes for chronic conditions; that is based on the Integrated Chronic Disease Model (ICDM). However, scant data exist on how patients with chronic multimorbidities currently experience the (re)-organisation of health services and what their perceived needs are in order to enhance the management of their conditions. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in a community health centre treating both HIV and diabetes patients in Cape Town...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525767/effectiveness-of-evidence-based-treatments-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Deepa Singal, Chantalle Menard, Christine J Neilson, Marni Brownell, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Albert Chudley, Ryan Zarychanski, Ahmed Abou-Setta
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to provide a protocol for a systematic review assessing the effectiveness of evidence from randomised controlled trials comparing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions with placebo/dummy interventions or usual standards of care in children and adolescents (<18 years old). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The following electronic databases will be searched: Medline (Ovid), Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Plus with Full text (EBSCO), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library-Wiley), PsycINFO (ProQuest) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses will be searched from inception to March 2017 for relevant citations of published trials using individualised search strategies prepared for database...
March 9, 2018: BMJ Open
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