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Literacy and public health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915361/neuroscience-literacy-brain-tells-as-signals-of-brain-dysfunction-affecting-daily-life
#1
Charlotte B Royeen, James R Brašić, Leah Dvorak, Casey Provoziak-O'Brien, Chetna Sethi, S Omar Ahmad
The structures and circuits of the central and the peripheral nervous systems provide the basis for thinking, speaking, experiencing sensations, and performing perceptual and motor activities in daily life. Healthy people experience normal functioning without giving brain functions a second thought, while dysfunction of the neural circuits may lead to marked impairments in cognition, communication, sensory awareness, and performing perceptual and motor tasks. Neuroscience literacy provides the knowledge to associate the deficits observed in patients with the underlying deficits in the structures and circuits of the nervous system...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914735/parents-with-high-levels-of-communicative-and-critical-health-literacy-are-less-likely-to-vaccinate-their-children
#2
Anat Amit Aharon, Haim Nehama, Shmuel Rishpon, Orna Baron-Epel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between parents' health literacy and decision-making regarding child vaccinations. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 731 parents of children aged 3-4 years. Functional, communicative, and critical health literacy (HL), knowledge, beliefs, reliability of the vaccine's information resources, and vaccine's attitudes were measured. Attitudes included three types: pro-vaccine attitudes, anti-vaccine attitudes, and attitudes regarding mandatory vaccination...
November 21, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#3
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893796/attitudes-to-mental-illness-and-its-demographic-correlates-among-general-population-in-singapore
#4
Qi Yuan, Edimansyah Abdin, Louisa Picco, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Shazana Shahwan, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Saleha Shafie, Jenny Tay, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes to mental illness could influence how the public interact with, provide opportunities for, and help people with mental illness. AIMS: This study aims to explore the underlying factors of the Attitudes to Mental Illness questionnaire among the general population in Singapore and the socio-demographic correlates of each factor. METHODS: From March 2014 to April 2015, a nation-wide cross-sectional survey on mental health literacy with 3,006 participants was conducted in Singapore...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890982/towards-a-better-health-care-delivery-system-the-tamil-nadu-model
#5
R Parthasarathi, S P Sinha
The Tamil Nadu model of public health is renowned for its success in providing quality health services at an affordable cost especially to the rural people. Tamil Nadu is the only state with a distinctive public health cadre in the district level and also the first state to enact a Public Health Act in 1939. Tamil Nadu has gained significant ground in the various aspects of health in the last few decades largely because of the significant reforms in its health sector which dates back to 1980s which saw rigorous expansion of rural health infrastructure in the state besides deployment of thousands of multipurpose health workers as village health nurses in rural areas...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862757/easy-read-and-accessible-information-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-is-it-worth-it-a-meta-narrative-literature-review
#6
REVIEW
Deborah Chinn, Claire Homeyard
BACKGROUND: The proliferation of "accessible information" for people with intellectual disabilities in UK health care has accelerated in recent years, underpinned by policy guidance alongside the recent introduction of mandatory standards. However, questions have been raised as to the impact of such resources as a means of enhancing involvement in health care and addressing health inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To review and synthesize the evidence from different approaches used to evaluate the impact of accessible information for people with intellectual disabilities using a meta-narrative approach...
November 16, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858460/exploring-the-use-of-theory-in-a-national-text-message-campaign-addressing-problem-recognition-and-constraint-recognition-for-publics-of-pregnant-women
#7
Linda Aldoory, Erica Blue Roberts, Jessica Bushar, Luciana C Assini-Meytin
Infant mortality is associated with access to healthcare, knowledge, and health literacy. Text4baby, the largest national texting health initiative, seeks to address these factors. However, no research has examined the program's theoretical framework, an aspect that may impact its success. To address this gap, Text4baby's use of theory was evaluated through a content analysis of Text4baby messages and interviews with Text4baby content developers. We compared the main variables of health behavior theories framing Text4baby messages with the situational theory of publics and its factors of problem recognition and constraint recognition...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854539/breast-and-cervical-cancer-screening-literacy-among-korean-american-women-a-community-health-worker-led-intervention
#8
Hae-Ra Han, Youngshin Song, Miyong Kim, Haley K Hedlin, Kyounghae Kim, Hochang Ben Lee, Debra Roter
OBJECTIVES: To test a community health worker (CHW)-led health literacy intervention on mammogram and Papanicolaou test screening among Korean American women. METHODS: We conducted a cluster-randomized trial at 23 ethnic churches in the Baltimore, Maryland-Washington, DC, metropolitan area between 2010 and 2014. Trained CHWs enrolled 560 women. The intervention group received an individually tailored cancer-screening brochure followed by CHW-led health literacy training and monthly telephone counseling with navigation assistance...
January 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845290/-study-of-health-literacy-of-rural-residents-of-almaty-oblast-region-kazakhstan-role-of-financial-wellbeing-in-the-formation-of-health-literacy-of-population
#9
G Baisunova, B Turdaliyeva, K Tulebayev, D Zagulova
Aim of the study was to explore the relationships between health literacy (HL) and financial wellbeing in residents of Almaty oblast (region). The survey was conducted among 826 residents of Almaty region aged 18 y.o. Over 56.5% were female residents. To estimate health literacy, self assessed health, financial wellbeing and attitude towards health /work -questionnaire HLS-EU-Q was used. The results confirmed a significant relationship between financial wellbeing, health literacy and health outcomes residents of Almaty region...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834243/beyond-books-public-libraries-as-partners-for-population-health
#10
Anna U Morgan, Roxanne Dupuis, Bernadette D'Alonzo, Andria Johnson, Amy Graves, Kiahana L Brooks, Autumn McClintock, Heather Klusaritz, Hillary Bogner, Judith A Long, David Grande, Carolyn C Cannuscio
Public libraries are not usually included in discussions about improving population health. They are, however, well positioned to be partners in building a culture of health through programming that addresses the social determinants of health. The Healthy Library Initiative, a partnership between the University of Pennsylvania and the Free Library of Philadelphia (the public library system that serves the city), has undertaken such efforts in Philadelphia. In this article we report findings from an assessment of how ten highly subscribed programs address the social determinants of health, as well as results of interviews with community residents and library staff...
November 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829401/health-literacy-among-different-age-groups-in-germany-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Eva-Maria Berens, Dominique Vogt, Melanie Messer, Klaus Hurrelmann, Doris Schaeffer
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is of increasing importance in public health research. It is a necessary pre-condition for the involvement in decisions about health and health care and related to health outcomes. Knowledge about limited health literacy in different age groups is crucial to better target public health interventions for subgroups of the population. However, little is known about health literacy in Germany. The study therefore assesses the prevalence of limited health literacy and associated factors among different age groups...
November 9, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821692/combining-footwear-with-public-health-iconography-to-prevent-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections
#12
Sarah B Paige, Sagan Friant, Lucie Clech, Carly Malavé, Catherine Kemigabo, Richard Obeti, Tony L Goldberg
Shoes are effective for blocking soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) that penetrate the skin. Unfortunately, shoe-wearing is uncommon in many areas where STHs are prevalent, in part because local populations are unaware of the health benefits of wearing shoes. This is especially true in low-literacy populations, where information dissemination through written m essages is not possible. We launched a public health intervention that combines a public health image with sandals. The image is a "lenticular image" that combines two alternating pictures to depict the efficacy of shoes for preventing STH infection...
November 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819707/-health-literacy-as-an-element-of-the-polish-occupational-health-system
#13
REVIEW
Maciej Dobras
Nowadays it is believed that a comprehensive approach towards one's health requires the development and subsequent mastering of health literacy. Although this term has no Polish equivalent, it applies to the ability of individuals to access, analyze and understand information necessary to make informed health decisions. In this publication it is suggested that 'biegłość zdrowotna' can be used as a corresponding Polish term. This publication is based on the review of the available literature (in Polish and in English) on health literacy...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817171/comparing-medication-adherence-tools-scores-and-number-of-controlled-diseases-among-low-literacy-patients-discharged-from-a-brazilian-cardiology-ward
#14
Patrícia Carvalho Baruel Okumura, Lucas Miyake Okumura, Wálleri Christini Torelli Reis, Rangel Ray Godoy, Bianca de Oliveira Cata-Preta, Thais Teles de Souza, Maria Luiza Drechsel Fávero, Cassyano Januário Correr
Background Adherence to prescribed drug therapy is associated with lower rates of cardiovascular causes of death. In view of the relevance for public health, it is important to understand the relation between medication adherence tools' scores, especially in low literacy patients discharged from a cardiology ward. Objectives We aimed to assess: (a) the association between number of controlled clinical conditions and adherence tools scores, and (b) the correlation between the scores of three instruments to assess adherence...
November 5, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803197/just-a-subtle-difference-findings-from-a-systematic-review-on-definitions-of-nutrition-literacy-and-food-literacy
#15
Corinna Krause, Kathrin Sommerhalder, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Thomas Abel
Nutrition literacy and food literacy have become increasingly important concepts in health promotion. Researchers use one or the other term to describe the competencies needed to maintain a healthy diet. This systematic review examines whether these terms are synonymous or if their meanings are substantially different.We searched major bibliographic databases (Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect, CINAHL, SocIndex and ERIC) for publications that provided an original definition of nutrition or food literacy...
November 1, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788351/embedding-health-literacy-into-health-systems-a-case-study-of-a-regional-health-service
#16
Lucia Vellar, Fiorina Mastroianni, Kelly Lambert
Objective The aim of the present study was to describe how one regional health service the Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District embedded health literacy principles into health systems over a 3-year period.Methods Using a case study approach, this article describes the development of key programs and the manner in which clinical incidents were used to create a health environment that allows consumers the right to equitably access quality health services and to participate in their own health care.Results The key outcomes demonstrating successful embedding of health literacy into health systems in this regional health service include the creation of a governance structure and web-based platform for developing and testing plain English consumer health information, a clearly defined process to engage with consumers, development of the health literacy ambassador training program and integrating health literacy into clinical quality improvement processes via a formal program with consumers to guide processes such as improvements to access and navigation around hospital sites...
October 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774735/consumer-knowledge-about-over-the-counter-nsaids-they-don-t-know-what-they-don-t-know
#17
Judy Mullan, Kathryn M Weston, Andrew Bonney, Pippa Burns, John Mullan, Rima Rudd
OBJECTIVE: To investigate consumers' knowledge about commonly purchased over-the-counter (OTC) products containing ibuprofen. METHODS: Customers buying two popular OTC ibuprofen-containing products (Nurofen(™) or Nurofen Plus(™) ) were asked to complete a short survey assessing their knowledge about the products. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 262 respondents, most of whom were older than 50 years of age; female; well-educated; with adequate functional health literacy...
October 24, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763438/factors-relating-to-access-to-dental-care-for-indigenous-south-australians
#18
Kelly Jones, Ngara Keeler, Chris Morris, David Brennan, Kaye Roberts-Thompson, Lisa Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To explore and document self-reported factors contributing to Indigenous Australians' attendance and non-attendance at South Australian public dental clinics. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with people (18 males and 26 females) referred for oral care through the Aboriginal Liaison Program of the South Australian Dental Service. Thematic analysis was performed on 44 transcribed conversations and a conceptual model developed. RESULTS: Persons completing all recommended treatment reported high self-efficacy, health literacy, social cohesion and previous use of dental services and presence of a health advocate...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749093/readability-and-suitability-of-spanish-language-hypertension-and-diabetes-patient-education-materials
#19
Carol J Howe, Donelle M Barnes, Griselle B Estrada, Ignacio Godinez
Hispanics who speak Spanish are at risk for low health literacy. We evaluated Spanish language hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM) patient education materials from U.S. federal agency public sector sources using the Suitability of Assessment (SAM) instrument. Mean readability for HTN materials was grade 7.9 and for DM materials was grade 6.6. Mean SAM score for HTN materials was 43.9 and for DM materials was 63.2. SAM scores were significantly better for DM than for HTN materials in overall score, content, graphics, layout, stimulation/motivation, and cultural appropriateness (p < ...
October 2016: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748248/implementation-of-sleep-and-circadian-science-recommendations-from-the-sleep-research-society-and-national-institutes-of-health-workshop
#20
Sairam Parthasarathy, Mary A Carskadon, Girardin Jean-Louis, Judith Owens, Adam Bramoweth, Daniel Combs, Lauren Hale, Elizabeth Harrison, Chantelle N Hart, Brant P Hasler, Sarah M Honaker, Elisabeth Hertenstein, Samuel Kuna, Clete Kushida, Jessica C Levenson, Caitlin Murray, Allan I Pack, Vivek Pillai, Kristi Pruiksma, Azizi Seixas, Patrick Strollo, Saurabh S Thosar, Natasha Williams, Daniel Buysse
A wealth of scientific knowledge is being generated in sleep and circadian science. In order for us to realize the return on investment for such scientific knowledge and to improve the health of the nation, we need to disseminate and implement research findings into practice. An implementation gap - termed a "quality chasm" by the Institutes of Medicine - separates the scientific knowledge we possess and the implementation of such knowledge into preventative interventions or healthcare treatments. It is frequently reported that a time lag of 17 years transpires before medical research reaches clinical practice...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
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