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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450104/strengthening-effective-preventive-services-for-refugee-populations-toward-communities-of-solution
#1
Kim S Griswold, Kevin Pottie, Isok Kim, Wooksoo Kim, Li Lin
Refugee populations have unequal access to primary care and may not receive appropriate health screening or preventive service recommendations. They encounter numerous health care disadvantages as a consequence of low-income status, race and ethnicity, lower educational achievement, varying degrees of health literacy, and limited English proficiency. Refugees may not initially embrace the concept of preventive care, as these services may have been unavailable in their countries of origin, or may not be congruent with their beliefs on health care...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443561/building-bridges-to-a-brighter-tomorrow-a-systematic-evidence-review-of-interventions-that-prepare-adolescents-for-adulthood
#2
Barri B Burrus, Kathleen Krieger, Regina Rutledge, Alexander Rabre, Sarah Axelson, Audra Miller, LeBretia White, Christine Jackson
BACKGROUND: Data suggest that adverse social determinants during adolescence can set in motion a lifetime of poor social and health outcomes. Vulnerable youths are at particularly high risk in this regard. OBJECTIVES: To identify and assess the current evidence base for adolescent-focused interventions designed to influence adulthood preparation that could affect longer-term social determinants. SEARCH METHODS: Using a systematic review methodology, we conducted an initial assessment of intervention evaluations targeting 6 adulthood preparation subject (APS) areas to assess the quality and character of the evidence base...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436308/development-and-validation-of-the-consumer-health-activation-index
#3
Michael S Wolf, Samuel G Smith, Anjali U Pandit, David M Condon, Laura M Curtis, James Griffith, Rachel O'Conor, Steven Rush, Stacy C Bailey, Gordon Kaplan, Vincent Haufle, David Martin
BACKGROUND: Although there has been increasing interest in patient engagement, few measures are publicly available and suitable for patients with limited health literacy. OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop a Consumer Health Activation Index (CHAI) for use among diverse patients. METHODS: Expert opinion, a systematic literature review, focus groups, and cognitive interviews with patients were used to create and revise a potential set of items...
February 1, 2018: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434018/medical-youtube-videos-and-methods-of-evaluation-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Brandy Drozd, Emily Couvillon, Andrea Suarez
BACKGROUND: Online medical education has relevance to public health literacy and physician efficacy, yet it requires a certain standard of reliability. While the internet has the potential to be a viable medical education tool, the viewer must be able to discern which information is reliable. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to perform a literature review to determine and compare the various methods used when analyzing YouTube videos for patient education efficacy, information accuracy, and quality...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426816/feasibility-and-efficacy-of%C3%A2-a-parent-focused-text-message-delivered-intervention-to%C3%A2-reduce-sedentary-behavior-in-2-to-4-year-old-children-mini-movers-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Katherine L Downing, Jo Salmon, Trina Hinkley, Jill A Hnatiuk, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Despite public health guidelines to limit sedentary behavior, many young children spend large amounts of time sedentary (eg, screen and sitting time) during waking hours. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the feasibility and efficacy of a parent-focused, predominantly text message-delivered intervention to support parents to reduce the amount of time their children spend in sedentary behavior. METHODS: Mini Movers was a pilot randomized controlled trial delivered to parents of 2- to 4-year-old children in Melbourne, Australia...
February 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424264/youth-resistance-training-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-the-year-that-was-2017
#6
Avery D Faigenbaum
The good news is that a growing body of evidence recognizes resistance training as foundational to long-term physical development. Original research and reviews published in 2017 conclude that early exposure to developmentally appropriate resistance training can improve markers of health, increase muscular fitness, enhance physical literacy, and reduce the risk of injury in young athletes. Although the papers discussed in the commentary add to our understanding of the pleiotropic benefits of youth resistance training, they also raise concerns...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#7
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417003/neglected-health-literacy-undermining-fluorosis-control-efforts-a-pilot-study-among-schoolchildren-in-an-endemic-village-of-rural-rajasthan-india
#8
Neeti Rustagi, Ajey Singh Rathore, Jitendra Kumar Meena, Ankita Chugh, Ranabir Pal
Background: Ingestion of excess fluoride can cause fluorosis which adversely affects teeth and bones. Fluorosis is a major public health problem in the state of Rajasthan with all its 32 districts having variable fluoride contamination, and many initiatives are currently implemented in this region to mitigate the fluorosis burden. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess fluorosis, its risk factors, and the awareness among school students and teachers in endemic villages of Jodhpur district, Rajasthan...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416578/a-brief-survey-of-public-knowledge-and-stigma-towards-depression
#9
Shoji Yokoya, Takami Maeno, Naoto Sakamoto, Ryohei Goto, Tetsuhiro Maeno
Background: The burden from depression is affected by the public's beliefs, stigma, and resulting behavior. Lack of knowledge, misunderstanding, and stigma about depressed people and their surroundings are barriers to improving their mental health. This study aimed to examine public beliefs regarding depression, especially how to recognize depression, treatment, and stigma. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to participants receiving an annual health checkup...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415675/teaching-children-road-safety-through-storybooks-an-approach-to-child-health-literacy-in-pakistan
#10
Haris Ahmad, Rubaba Naeem, Asher Feroze, Nukhba Zia, Amarah Shakoor, Uzma Rahim Khan, Asad Iqbal Mian
BACKGROUND: Road traffic injuries (RTIs) commonly affect the younger population in low- and-middle-income countries. School children may be educated about road safety using storybooks with colorful pictures, which tends to increase the child's interest in the text. Therefore, this study assessed the use of bilingual pictorial storybooks to improve RTI prevention knowledge among school children. METHODS: This pretest-posttest study was conducted in eight public and nine private schools of Karachi, Pakistan, between February to May 2015...
February 7, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405017/-the-promotion-of-resources-integration-in-long-term-care-service-the-experience-of-taipei-city-hospital
#11
Meng-Ping Wu, Chao-Ming Huang, Wen-Jung Sun, Chih-Yuan Shih, Su-Hsuan Hsu, Sheng-Jean Huang
The home-based medical care integrated plan under Taiwan National Health Insurance has changed from paying for home-based medical care, home-based nursing, home-based respiratory treatment, and palliative care to paying for a single, continuous home-based care service package. Formerly, physician-visit regulations limited home visits for home-based nursing to providing medical related assessments only. This limitation not only did not provide practical assistance to the public but also caused additional problems for those with mobility problems or who faced difficulties in making visits hospital...
February 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403617/general-health-literacy-assessment-of-iranian-women-in-mashhad
#12
Lida Jarahi, Reza Asadi, Hamid Reza Hakimi
Background: In women's health, literacy determines their participation in self and family health promotion. Low health literacy is as barrier for understanding medical recommendations, disease prevention and health care. Aim: To assess women's health literacy and relative factors in Mashhad (Iran). Methods: Women referring to healthcare centers in Mashhad in 2012 and 2013, participated in this cross-sectional study by stratified sampling method...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403610/correlation-between-health-literacy-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-hypertension-in-tehran-iran-2015-2016
#13
Ahmad Johari Naimi, Nadereh Naderiravesh, Zahra Safavi Bayat, Nezhat Shakeri, Mahsa Matbouei
Background and Objective: Hypertension is considered an important public health problem in developed and developing countries. This disease is closely associated with the quality of life of patients, and it seems that health literacy plays a role in this regard. Due to lack of information on the role of health literacy on the quality of life in patients with hypertension, this study has aimed to determine the correlation between health literacy and health-related quality of life in patients with hypertension...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402101/death-literacy-developing-a-tool-to-measure-the-social-impact-of-public-health-initiatives
#14
Kerrie Noonan
This presentation provides an overview of the development of the death literacy concept and of our recent research work to develop a death literacy benchmarking tool. The concept of 'death literacy' has four components; skills, knowledge, experiential learning and social action and all provide a framework for behavioural and systemic change. This tool will provide a national benchmark of death literacy in the general population, providing a way to measure the social impact of existing and new public health initiatives...
January 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395272/status-and-drivers-of-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-in-the-islamic-world-a-comparative-analysis
#15
Nadia Akseer, Mahdis Kamali, Nour Bakhache, Maaz Mirza, Seema Mehta, Sara Al-Gashm, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) period saw dramatic gains in health goals MDG 4 and MDG 5 for improving child and maternal health. However, many Muslim countries in the south Asian, Middle Eastern, and African regions lagged behind. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the status of, progress in, and key determinants of reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in Muslim majority countries (MMCs). The specific objectives were to understand the current status and progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health in MMCs, and the determinants of child survival among the least developed countries among the MMCs; to explore differences in outcomes and the key contextual determinants of health between MMCs and non-MMCs; and to understand the health service coverage and contextual determinants that differ between best and poor or moderate performing MMCs...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391344/clinical-validity-understandability-and-actionability-of-online-cardiovascular-disease-risk-calculators-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Carissa Bonner, Michael Anthony Fajardo, Samuel Hui, Renee Stubbs, Lyndal Trevena
BACKGROUND: Online health information is particularly important for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention, where lifestyle changes are recommended until risk becomes high enough to warrant pharmacological intervention. Online information is abundant, but the quality is often poor and many people do not have adequate health literacy to access, understand, and use it effectively. OBJECTIVE: This project aimed to review and evaluate the suitability of online CVD risk calculators for use by low health literate consumers in terms of clinical validity, understandability, and actionability...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385592/communication-of-cancer-related-genetic-and-genomic-information-a-landscape-analysis-of-reviews
#17
Emily B Peterson, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou, Anna Gaysynsky, Melinda Krakow, Ashley Elrick, Muin J Khoury, Kimberly A Kaphingst
Cancer-related genetic and genomic testing (CGT) is changing cancer care by personalizing care options, leading to an era of precision medicine. Advances in and increased use of CGT add complexity to clinical communication. This landscape analysis assessed published reviews of communication issues related to CGT and discusses implications for practice and behavioral research. A comprehensive electronic literature search was conducted of peer-reviewed literature reviews on studies related to CGT communication published between January 2010 and January 2017, resulting in a final sample of 24 reviews...
January 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385587/social-and-behavioral-science-priorities-for-genomic-translation
#18
Laura M Koehly, Susan Persky, Erica Spotts, Gillian Acca
This commentary highlights the essential role of the social and behavioral sciences for genomic translation, and discusses some priority research areas in this regard. The first area encompasses genetics of behavioral, social, and neurocognitive factors, and how integration of these relationships might impact the development of treatments and interventions. The second area includes the contributions that social and behavioral sciences make toward the informed translation of genomic developments. Further, there is a need for behavioral and social sciences to inform biomedical research for effective implementation...
January 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383880/an-analysis-of-stigma-and-suicide-literacy-in-responses-to-suicides-broadcast-on-social-media
#19
Ang Li, Xiaoxiao Huang, Dongdong Jiao, Bridianne O'Dea, Tingshao Zhu, Helen Christensen
INTRODUCTION: Broadcasting a suicide attempt on social media has become a public concern in China. Stigmatizing attitudes around such broadcast can limit help-seeking and increase the likelihood of death. To reduce stigmatizing attitudes, this paper aims to detect stigma expressions in social media posts through language use patterns and then identify suicide literacy in responses to such broadcast. METHODS: Firstly, to examine linguistic patterns of stigma expressions, 6632 Weibo posts with keywords were collected and analyzed...
January 31, 2018: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381399/health-literacy-emotionality-scientific-evidence-elements-of-an-effective-communication-in-public-health
#20
Luigi Roberto Biasio, Annalaura Carducci, Gaetano Maria Fara, Giuseppe Giammanco, Pierluigi Lopalco
The importance of healthcare providers' communication abilities is still underestimated. Informing the population on the basis of documented evidence is essential but not enough to induce a change in the beliefs of who is doubtful or does not accept preventive interventions, such as vaccination. Lining up the offer of prevention to the knowledge of the citizens, also improving Health Literacy skills, is a critical step toward their empowerment and behavior change. The 2017 Erice Declaration was drafted to propose to the Institutions and the scientific community the main goals to improve communication and counteract Vaccine Hesitancy, at a very critical time, when mandatory vaccination was introduced in Italy...
January 30, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
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