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Literacy and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223544/does-clinic-visit-education-within-a-multidisciplinary-center-improve-health-literacy-scores-in-caregivers-of-children-with-complex-colorectal-conditions
#1
Alexander J M Dingemans, Carlos A Reck, Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Dani O Gonzalez, Alessandra C Gasior, Laura J Weaver, Renae Gagnon, Erin Hoover, Gabriel Sraha, Marc A Levitt, Richard J Wood
INTRODUCTION: Health literacy is low in an estimated one-third of the US population. Little is known about the health literacy of caregivers of children with colorectal conditions. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a timed health literacy intervention could improve health literacy in this population. METHODS: We used the BRIEF Health Literacy screening (BHLS) tool on caregivers of children who came to our colorectal clinic. Health literacy was categorized as inadequate, marginal, or adequate...
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218966/building-compassion-literacy-enabling-care-in-primary-health-care-nursing
#2
Letitia Helen Burridge, Sarah Winch, Margaret Kay, Amanda Henderson
This paper introduces the concept of compassion literacy and discusses its place in nursing within the general practice setting. Compassion literacy is a valuable competency for sustaining the delivery of high quality care. Being compassion literate enables practice nurses to provide compassionate care to their patients and to recognise factors that may constrain this. A compassion literate practice nurse may be more protected from compassion fatigue and its negative consequences. Understanding how to enable self-compassion and how to support the delivery of compassionate care within the primary care team can enhance the care experienced by the patient while improving the positive engagement and satisfaction of the health professionals...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218957/impact-of-health-literacy-on-medication-adherence-in-older-people-with-chronic-diseases
#3
Yun-Mi Lee, Hye Yon Yu, Mi-Ae You, Youn-Jung Son
Medication adherence is a key factor of the therapy of chronic diseases in older people with chronic diseases. Inadequate health literacy results in poor health outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of health literacy on medication adherence to provide information for improving health outcomes in older people with chronic disease. This was a cross-sectional study of older people (people aged over 65 years) with chronic diseases in Korea taking one or more medications for 6 months and over from an academic referral medical center...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217504/challenges-during-implementation-of-a-patient-facing-mobile-app-for-surgical-rehabilitation-feasibility-study
#4
Annie Ys Lau, Kalman Piper, Desmond Bokor, Paige Martin, Victor Sl Lau, Enrico Coiera
BACKGROUND: Translating research into practice, especially the implementation of digital health technologies in routine care, is increasingly important. Yet, there are few studies examining the challenges of implementing patient-facing digital technologies in health care settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report challenges experienced when implementing mobile apps for patients to support their postsurgical rehabilitation in an orthopedic setting. METHODS: A mobile app was tailored to the needs of patients undergoing rotator cuff repair...
December 7, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217337/health-literacy-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-prospective-community-study
#5
Matteo Fabbri, Kathleen Yost, Lila J Finney Rutten, Sheila M Manemann, Cynthia M Boyd, Daniel Jensen, Susan A Weston, Ruoxiang Jiang, Véronique L Roger
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of health literacy on hospitalizations and death in a population of patients with heart failure (HF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Residents from the 11-county region in southeast Minnesota with a first-ever International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code 428 or Tenth Revision code 150 (n=5121) from January 1, 2013, through December 31, 2015, were identified and prospectively surveyed to measure health literacy using established screening questions...
December 4, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217334/health-literacy-an-important-clinical-tool-in-heart%C3%A2-failure
#6
EDITORIAL
Hector O Ventura, Ileana L Piña
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216871/mental-health-literacy-among-pediatric-hospital-staff-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#7
Nabeel Al-Yateem, Rachel Rossiter, Walter Robb, Alaa Ahmad, Mahmoud Saleh Elhalik, Sumaya Albloshi, Shameran Slewa-Younan
BACKGROUND: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) 35% of the population are aged 0-24 years. A significant proportion of these young people are living with chronic conditions (e.g., asthma, type 1 diabetes, cardiac conditions, and genetically-transmitted conditions such as thalassemia and cystic fibrosis). This group has increased vulnerability to developmental delays and mental health problems, and is increasingly coming to the attention of service providers in mainstream schools, primary healthcare centers, and pediatric hospitals...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216484/beliefs-about-the-causes-of-and-treatments-for-depression-and-bipolar-disorder-among-south-koreans
#8
Subin Park, Hyesue Jang, Adrian Furnham, Mina Jeon, Se Jin Park
Public beliefs about psychiatric disorders are important for understanding help-seeking behaviours. We investigated factors that affect South Koreans' beliefs about the causes and treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. We recruited 654 participants aged 15-54 years using an online panel survey. Participants completed two questionnaires: 34 possible causes of and 33 possible treatments for depression and bipolar disorder. For both disorders, the questionnaires about causes revealed four factors: social-environmental, God/fate, heath/lifestyle, and biological; the questionnaires about treatments revealed five factors: self-help/stress management, physical treatment/health management, seeking mental health services, religious help, and resting...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214932/-students-having-parents-with-mental-health-issues-and-teachers-mental-health-literacy
#9
Dirk Bruland, Katharina Kornblum, Stefanie Harsch, Janine Bröder, Orkan Okan, Ullrich Bauer
Students Having Parents with Mental Health Issues and Teachers' Mental Health Literacy Mental health issues of parents of school children often negatively affects the children as well, including their school performance and social behavior in the school setting. Teachers are then required to take actions with regards to supporting children in their coping with and mastering of their home situation and their responds to educational demands. As such, schools' and teachers' actions can either support affected children and fulfill a protective function or respond inappropriately, with negative impact on the affected children...
December 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214832/tailored-educational-approaches-for-consumer-health-a-model-to-address-health-promotion-in-an-era-of-personalized-medicine
#10
Wendy F Cohn, Jason Lyman, Donna K Broshek, Thomas M Guterbock, David Hartman, Mable Kinzie, David Mick, Aaron Pannone, Vanessa Sturz, Jane Schubart, Arthur T Garson
PURPOSE: To develop a model, based on market segmentation, to improve the quality and efficiency of health promotion materials and programs. DESIGN: Market segmentation to create segments (groups) based on a cross-sectional questionnaire measuring individual characteristics and preferences for health information. Educational and delivery recommendations developed for each group. SETTING: General population of adults in Virginia. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of 1201 Virginia residents...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214687/urban-rural-differences-in-health-literacy-and-its-determinants-in-iran-a-community-based-study
#11
Farzaneh Golboni, Haidar Nadrian, Sarisa Najafi, Shayesteh Shirzadi, Hassan Mahmoodi
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have shown a remarkable difference in functional health literacy among residents of urban and rural areas which may be attributed to socioeconomic inequalities between these areas. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences (if any) in the level of functional health literacy and its determinants between urban and rural areas in Sanandaj, Iran. DESIGN: A descriptive analytical cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: A multistage clustered random sample of 1000 respondents older than 18 years...
December 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214658/identifying-environmental-barriers-to-participation-usability-of-a-health-literacy-informed-problem-identification-approach-for-parents-of-young-children-with-developmental-disabilities
#12
J M Kramer, I T Hwang, M Levin, D Acevedo-García, L Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Parents of very young children recently diagnosed with developmental disabilities (DD) need to identify environmental barriers to their children's participation and adopt an adaptive orientation to solving these problems. Given the health service disparities for diverse families, parents may benefit from easy to use problem-identification approaches that address environmental barriers stemming from community and policy contexts. This feasibility study evaluated the usability of a health literacy-informed, structured, environment-focused problem-identification approach for parents of young children with DD...
December 7, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214241/text-messaging-may-engage-and-benefit-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-regardless-of-health-literacy-status
#13
Erin M Bergner, Lyndsay A Nelson, Russell L Rothman, Lindsay Mayberry
Background: Technology-delivered interventions have the potential to improve diabetes self-care and glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, patients who do not engage with interventions may not reap benefits, and there is little evidence on how engagement with mobile health interventions varies by health literacy status. Objective: This study explored how patients with limited health literacy engaged with and experienced Rapid Education/Encouragement and Communications for Health (REACH), a text messaging intervention designed to support the self-care adherence of disadvantaged patients with T2D...
October 2017: Health Literacy Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213491/prevalence-of-functional-cognitive-impairment-and-associated-factors-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-older-adults
#14
Andréa Silva Gondim, João Macedo Coelho Filho, Alexandre de Andrade Cavalcanti, Jarbas de Sá Roriz Filho, Charlys Barbosa Nogueira, Arnaldo Aires Peixoto Junior, José Wellington de Oliveira Lima
The identification of the prevalence of cognitive impairment and associated factors among older adults is important in countries facing rapid demographic transition, given the significant implications for public policy and health planning. Objective: To determine the prevalence of functional cognitive impairment (FCI) and associated factors in Brazilian community-dwelling older adults. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 461 elderly subjects residing in Fortaleza city, Ceará was conducted...
January 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212466/exploring-the-use-of-tablet-computer-based-electronic-data-capture-system-to-assess-patient-reported-measures-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-pilot-study
#15
Dorothy Wong, Shen Cao, Heather Ford, Candice Richardson, Dmitri Belenko, Evan Tang, Luca Ugenti, Eleanor Warsmann, Amanda Sissons, Yalinie Kulandaivelu, Nathaniel Edwards, Marta Novak, Madeline Li, Istvan Mucsi
BACKGROUND: Collecting patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) via computer-based electronic data capture system may improve feasibility and facilitate implementation in clinical care. We report our initial experience about the acceptability of touch-screen tablet computer-based, self-administered questionnaires among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including stage 5 CKD treated with renal replacement therapies (RRT) (either dialysis or transplant). METHODS: We enrolled a convenience sample of patients with stage 4 and 5 CKD (including patients on dialysis or after kidney transplant) in a single-centre, cross-sectional pilot study...
December 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210557/improving-patient-safety-improving-communication
#16
Heather Bittner-Fagan, Joshua Davis, Margot Savoy
Communication among physicians, staff, and patients is a critical element in patient safety. Effective communication skills can be taught and improved through training and awareness. The practice of family medicine allows for long-term relationships with patients, which affords opportunities for ongoing, high-quality communication. There are many barriers to effective communication, including patient factors, clinician factors, and system factors, but tools and strategies exist to address these barriers, improve communication, and engage patients in their care...
December 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210140/measuring-cancer-caregiver-health-literacy-validation-of-the-health-literacy-of-caregivers-scale-cancer-hlcs-c-in-an-australian-population
#17
Eva Yuen, Tess Knight, Sarity Dodson, Jacqueline Chirgwin, Lucy Busija, Lina A Ricciardelli, Susan Burney, Phillip Parente, Patricia M Livingston
Caregivers have been largely neglected in health literacy measurement. We assess the construct validity, and internal consistency of the Health Literacy of Caregivers Scale-Cancer (HLCS-C), and present a revised, psychometrically robust scale. Using data from 297 cancer caregivers (12.4% response rate) recruited from Melbourne, Australia between January-July 2014, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted to evaluate the HLCS-C's proposed factor structure. Items were evaluated for: item difficulty, unidimensionality and overall item fit within their domain...
December 5, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208253/socioeconomic-psychosocial-and-behavioral-characteristics-of-patients-hospitalized-with-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Matthew E Dupre, Alicia Nelson, Scott M Lynch, Bradi B Granger, Hanzhang Xu, Erik Churchill, Janese M Willis, Lesley H Curtis, Eric D Peterson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have drawn attention to nonclinical factors to better understand disparities in the development, treatment and prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, there has been limited research describing the nonclinical characteristics of patients hospitalized for cardiovascular care. METHODS: Data for this study come from 520 patients admitted to the Duke Heart Center from January 1, 2015 through January 10, 2017. Electronic medical records and a standardized survey administered before discharge were used to ascertain detailed information on patients' demographic (age, sex, race, marital status and living arrangement), socioeconomic (education, employment and health insurance), psychosocial (health literacy, health self-efficacy, social support, stress and depressive symptoms) and behavioral (smoking, drinking and medication adherence) attributes...
December 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207744/awareness-of-presbyopia-among-rural-female-population-in-north-karnataka
#19
Charushila V Gajapati, A V Pradeep, Anupama Kakhandaki, R K Praveenchandra, Sanjana Rao
Introduction: Presbyopia is an age related loss of lens accommodation resulting in inability to read and/write or to do near work. Though literacy level may be low in rural female population of South India, but household works like sewing, sorting grains and operating mobile phones must be difficult due to presbyopia. Aim: To determine the awareness of presbyopia in rural females; also, to determine the knowledge levels regarding presbyopia, spectacle coverage and reasons for not wearing spectacles...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206573/associations-between-health-literacy-cancer-related-knowledge-and-preventive-health-behaviors-in-community-dwelling-korean-adults
#20
Youn-Jung Son, Sun-Hee Kim, Gi Yon Kim, Heesook Son
This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the association between health literacy, cancer-related knowledge, and preventive health behaviors among community-dwelling adults in Korea. Data were collected from 542 adults aged ≥ 18 years living in five big provinces in Korea (Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Gyeongsang-do, Chungcheong-do, and Gangwon-do). Socio-demographic and health-related characteristics were determined using structured questionnaires. Health literacy, cancer-related knowledge, and engagement in preventive health behaviors were measured using validated instruments...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
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