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Literacy and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821508/a-novel-income-security-intervention-to-address-poverty-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-retrospective-chart-review
#1
Marcella K Jones, Gary Bloch, Andrew D Pinto
OBJECTIVE: To examine the development and implementation of a novel income security intervention in primary care. DESIGN: A retrospective, descriptive chart review of all patients referred to the Income Security Heath Promotion service during the first year of the service (December 2013-December 2014). SETTING: A multisite interdisciplinary primary care organisation in inner city Toronto, Canada, serving over 40 000 patients. PARTICIPANTS: The study population included 181 patients (53% female, mean age 48 years) who were referred to the Income Security Health Promotion service and engaged in care...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821256/-provoking-conversations-case-studies-of-organizations-where-option-grid%C3%A2-decision-aids-have-become-normalized
#2
Peter Scalia, Glyn Elwyn, Marie-Anne Durand
BACKGROUND: Implementing patient decision aids in clinic workflow has proven to be a challenge for healthcare organizations and physicians. Our aim was to determine the organizational strategies, motivations, and facilitating factors to the routine implementation of Option Grid™ encounter decision aids at two independent settings. METHOD: Case studies conducted by semi-structured interview, using the Normalization Process Theory (NPT) as a framework for thematic analysis...
August 18, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820512/health-literacy-what-do-you-know-%C3%A2
#3
Anne Katz
Part of my clinical role involves educating and informing patients about the risks and benefits of the various treatment options related to prostate cancer. Like many bed- or chairside nurses, I spend a lot of time talking and listening to my patients. I am sometimes surprised when I get a call from a patient who seemingly did not hear or understand something that I told him or her. I know I told the patient, and I think I am a good educator, so why the confusion? The answer is, in part, simple-health literacy (or the lack thereof)...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#4
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819761/effect-of-health-literacy-on-help-seeking-behavior-in-morbidly-obese-patients-agreeing-to-bariatric-surgery
#5
Haci Murat Cayci, Umut Eren Erdogdu, Hakan Demirci, Aykut Ardic, Nevruz Yildirim Topak, İbrahim Taymur
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of health literacy on agreement for bariatric surgery among morbidly obese patients. METHODS: The data of 242 morbidly obese patients (body mass index-BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) were evaluated in a cross-sectional case-control pattern. The patients were classified into two groups as those who were attending the clinic for the purpose of receiving bariatric surgery (n = 138) and those who did not (n = 104). The Turkish version of the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47), consisting of 47 questions, was used for the health literacy evaluation...
August 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818486/implementation-of-media-production-activities-in%C3%A2-an-intervention-designed-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-among-adults
#6
Kathleen J Porter, Yvonnes Chen, Hannah G Lane, Jamie M Zoellner
OBJECTIVE: To inform the implementation of media production activities with adult populations by describing the construction of counter-advertisements (counter-ads) within a behavioral intervention. METHODS: SIPsmartERparticipants could create 2 types of counter ads during the intervention's media literacy lesson. Participants (n = 40) were from rural southwestern Virginia. Most were female (85%) and white (93%), and 28% were low health literate. Descriptive statistics and Fisher exact tests were used to compare completion rates, content, techniques used, and persuasive intent with counter ad type and health literacy status...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818249/health-literacy-cancer-prevention-strategies-for-early-adults
#7
Robert A Simmons, Susan C Cosgrove, Martha C Romney, James D Plumb, Rickie O Brawer, Evelyn T Gonzalez, Linda G Fleisher, Bradley S Moore
Health literacy, the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand health information and services needed to make health decisions, is an essential element for early adults (aged 18-44 years) to make informed decisions about cancer. Low health literacy is one of the social determinants of health associated with cancer-related disparities. Over the past several years, a nonprofit organization, a university, and a cancer center in a major urban environment have developed and implemented health literacy programs within healthcare systems and in the community...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817324/legal-practical-and-ethical-considerations-for-making-online-patient-portals-accessible-for-all
#8
Courtney R Lyles, Jim Fruchterman, Mara Youdelman, Dean Schillinger
Largely driven by the financial incentives of the HITECH Act's Meaningful Use program as part of federal US health care reform, access to portal Web sites has rapidly expanded, allowing many patients to view their medical record information online. Despite this expansion, there is little attention paid to the accessibility of portals for more vulnerable patient populations-especially patients with limited health literacy or limited English proficiency, and individuals with disabilities. We argue that there are potential legal mandates for improving portal accessibility (e...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816517/targeted-areas-for-improving-health-literacy-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Megan Moore, Taniga Kiatchai, Rajiv C Ayyagari, Monica S Vavilala
OBJECTIVE: To develop a framework to identify targeted areas for improving health literacy for caregivers after traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD: Qualitative study using inductive and deductive qualitative content analysis was conducted in a large, urban, level I trauma centre. Interviews were conducted with 23 caregivers of persons with TBI. Participants' perspectives on communication and preparation for discharge were explored and understanding of commonly used words and discharge instructions were assessed...
August 17, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816192/tobacco-abuse-and-associated-oral-lesions-among-interstate-migrant-construction-workers
#10
Anzil Ks Ali, Arshad Mohammed, Archana A Thomas, Shann Paul, M Shahul, K Kasim
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the prevalence of tobacco use and associated oral mucosal lesions among construction workers of Cochin, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried at various construction sites of Cochin and 2,163 workers were selected using multistage sampling method and were interviewed and examined. Information regarding demographic details, form, type, frequency of tobacco use, earlier attempt to quit, and willingness to quit tobacco use was obtained using predesigned questionnaire...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815974/health-promotion-in-fiji-is-it-feasible-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Anne Creaton, Jackie Holt
OBJECTIVES: Complications of diabetes, hypertension and asthma are commonly seen in EDs in Fiji. Time spent in the ED offers an opportunity for health promotion activities. The aim of the intervention was to provide information on diabetes, hypertension and asthma to patients in the ED. The aim of the project was to determine whether such an intervention could be implemented using public health students. The aim of this paper is to document the experiences of those who delivered and supervised the intervention...
August 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814972/mental-health-literacy-in-adolescents-ability-to-recognise-problems-helpful-interventions-and-outcomes
#12
Udena Ruwindu Attygalle, Hemamali Perera, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne
BACKGROUND: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. There is also growing evidence that the trajectories of these disorders can be altered through early recognition and intervention. Although, help-seeking for mental health problems is known to be poor in adolescents, mental health literacy improves help-seeking...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814311/social-inequalities-in-the-utilization-of-outpatient-psychotherapy-analyses-of-registry-data-from-german-statutory-health-insurance
#13
Jelena Epping, Denise Muschik, Siegfried Geyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies on health disparities deal with the occurrence of disease, but little is known about inequalities in the utilization of mental health services. This paper examines social inequalities in the utilization of outpatient psychotherapy within a health care system where there are low financial barriers to health care and a lack of specific health policies to address access to psychotherapeutic services. METHODS: Registry data of German statutory health insurance for the year 2013 were used (total population: N = 746,963; 10,711 women and men with psychotherapy)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813630/gender-similarities-and-differences-for-e-health-behaviors-among-u-s-adults
#14
Cam Escoffery
BACKGROUND: Technology access and use are increasing worldwide. Adults can potentially use technology to assist with health promotion and medical care. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of participation in online health-related activities between different genders of U.S. adults aged 18-90 years. METHODS: Primary data collected through a survey panel were used to examine associations between gender and technology ownership, Internet health-seeking behaviors and online behaviors related to health, having an app, and preferences for health information...
August 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813073/functional-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life-of-high-school-adolescents-in-state-schools-in-belo-horizonte
#15
Poliana Cristina Rocha, Dálian Cristina Rocha, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To investigate the association between functional health literacy and sociodemographic factors, quality of life, self-perception of health, and perception of contexts of violence in adolescents in state schools in Belo Horizonte. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical observational study with a probabilistic sample of 384 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. Data collection was carried out in schools and included self-reporting questionnaires to assess the functional health literacy, socioeconomic classification, self-perceived health, and quality of life...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812928/health-education-careers-in-a-post-health-reform-era
#16
M Elaine Auld
Since enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in 2010, health education specialists (HES) have made important contributions in implementing the law's provisions at the individual, family, and population levels. Using their health education competencies and subcompetencies, HES are improving public understanding of health insurance literacy and enrollment options, conducting community health needs assessments required of nonprofit hospitals, modifying policies or systems to improve access to health screenings and preventive health services, strengthening clinical and community linkages, and working with employee benefit plans...
September 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812831/multisectoral-actions-for-health-challenges-and-opportunities-in-complex-policy-environments
#17
EDITORIAL
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Orapan Srisookwatana, Poldej Pinprateep, Tipicha Posayanonda, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol
Multisectoral actions for health, defined as actions undertaken by non-health sectors to protect the health of the population, are essential in the context of inter-linkages between three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social, and environmental. These multisectoral actions can address the social and economic factors that influence the health of a population at the local, national, and global levels. This editorial identifies the challenges, opportunities and capacity development for effective multisectoral actions for health in a complex policy environment...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810415/the-digital-divide-examining-socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-health-literacy-access-and-use-of-internet-to-seek-health-information
#18
Emee Vida Estacio, Rebecca Whittle, Joanne Protheroe
This article aims to examine the socio-demographic characteristics associated with access and use of Internet for health-related purposes and its relationship with health literacy. Data were drawn from a health literacy survey ( N = 1046) and analysed using logistic regression. Results show a strong association between health literacy, internet access and use. Socio-demographic characteristics particularly age, education, income, perceived health and social isolation also predict internet access. Thus, in addition to widening access, the movement towards digitisation of health information and services should also consider digital skills development to enable people to utilise digital technology more effectively, especially among traditionally hard-to-reach communities...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807331/health-insurance-subsidies-and-deductible-choice-evidence-from-regional-variation-in-subsidy-schemes
#19
Cornel Kaufmann, Christian Schmid, Stefan Boes
The extent to which premium subsidies can influence health insurance choices is an open question. In this paper, we explore the regional variation in subsidy schemes in Switzerland, designed as either in-kind or cash transfers, to study their impact on the choice of health insurance deductibles. Using health survey data and a difference-in-differences methodology, we find that in-kind transfers increase the likelihood of choosing a low deductible plan by approximately 4 percentage points (or 7%). Our results indicate that the response to in-kind transfers is strongest among women, middle-aged and unmarried individuals, which we explain by differences in risk-taking behavior, health status, financial constraints, health insurance and financial literacy...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806366/african-american-veterans-storytelling-a-multisite-randomized-trial-to-improve-hypertension
#20
Thomas K Houston, Gemmae M Fix, Stephanie L Shimada, Judith A Long, Howard S Gordon, Charlene Pope, Julie Volkman, Jeroan J Allison, Kathryn DeLaughter, Michelle Orner, Barbara G Bokhour
BACKGROUND: Disparities in hypertension control persist for African American Veterans. OBJECTIVE: To enhance cultural relevance of hypertension control self-management education, in a multisite, stratified randomized trial, we tested an interactive Veteran-to-Veteran storytelling digital video disk (DVD) intervention created with Veteran partners, versus an education-only DVD comparison. METHODS: At 3 VA facilities, African American Veterans with uncontrolled hypertension were randomized to storytelling DVD intervention or didactic comparison DVD and followed for 6 months...
September 2017: Medical Care
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