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Literacy and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#1
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629857/parents-underestimations-of-child-weight-implications-for-obesity-prevention
#2
Carol J Howe, Gina Alexander, Jada Stevenson
Obesity prevention efforts may be ineffective if parents lack awareness of their children's overweight status. This study examined the factors that predicted parents' underestimation of child weight status. Using a cross sectional design, researchers recruited children and parents in a local children's museum. Parents completed a demographic questionnaire, the Newest Vital Sign, and the Child Body Image Scale. Children's height and weight were measured to calculate child BMI. Random effects modeling examined the association between predictor variables (parent race/ethnicity, income, education, and health literacy, and child BMI percentile, gender, and age) and the dependent variable, parent underestimation of child weight status...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629412/cross-cultural-validation-of-health-literacy-measurement-tools-in-italian-oncology-patients
#3
Paola Zotti, Simone Cocchi, Jerry Polesel, Chiara Cipolat Mis, Donato Bragatto, Silvio Cavuto, Alice Conficconi, Carla Costanzo, Melissa De Giorgi, Christina A Drace, Federica Fiorini, Laura Gangeri, Andrea Lisi, Rosalba Martino, Paola Mosconi, Angelo Paradiso, Valentina Ravaioli, Ivana Truccolo, Paolo De Paoli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristics of four Health Literacy (HL) measurement tools, viz. Newest Vital Sign (NVS), Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (STOFHLA), Single Item Literacy Screener (SILS) and Single question on Self-rated Reading Ability (SrRA) among Italian oncology patients. METHODS: The original version of the tools were translated from the English language into Italian using a standard forward-backward procedure and according to internationally recognized good practices...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629329/personalised-informed-choice-on-evidence-and-controversy-on-mammography-screening-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Anna Roberto, Cinzia Colombo, Giulia Candiani, Livia Giordano, Paola Mantellini, Eugenio Paci, Roberto Satolli, Mario Valenza, Paola Mosconi
BACKGROUND: In Italy women aged 50-69 are invited for a population-based breast cancer (BC) screening. Physicians, policy makers and patients associations agree on the need to inform women about the benefits and harms in order to permit an informed decision. Decision aids (DA) are an effective way to support people in their decisions about health. This trial aims to assess women's informed choices, according to their health literacy and values, on participating or not in BC screening for the first time...
June 19, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629151/structured-additive-quantile-regression-for-assessing-the-determinants-of-childhood-anemia-in-rwanda
#5
Faustin Habyarimana, Temesgen Zewotir, Shaun Ramroop
Childhood anemia is among the most significant health problems faced by public health departments in developing countries. This study aims at assessing the determinants and possible spatial effects associated with childhood anemia in Rwanda. The 2014/2015 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) data was used. The analysis was done using the structured spatial additive quantile regression model. The findings of this study revealed that the child's age; the duration of breastfeeding; gender of the child; the nutritional status of the child (whether underweight and/or wasting); whether the child had a fever; had a cough in the two weeks prior to the survey or not; whether the child received vitamin A supplementation in the six weeks before the survey or not; the household wealth index; literacy of the mother; mother's anemia status; mother's age at the birth are all significant factors associated with childhood anemia in Rwanda...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625711/why-parents-seek-care-for-acute-illness-in-the-clinic-or-the-ed-the-role-of-health-literacy
#6
Meghan May, David C Brousseau, David A Nelson, Kathryn E Flynn, Michael S Wolf, Bryn Lepley, Andrea K Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To explore the decision to seek care and decision-making regarding location of care among parents with low and adequate health literacy. METHODS: Parents of children ≤ 8 years old presenting for 'sick child' visits at a clinic or a non-urgent ED visit (triage level 5) were interviewed. The Newest Vital Sign (NVS) categorized parental health literacy. Interviewers followed a semi-structured interview guide to understand 1) care-seeking for current illness and 2) choice of clinic or ED...
June 15, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625072/depression-and-anxiety-among-war-widows-of-nepal-a-post-civil-war-cross-sectional-study
#7
Syaron Basnet, Pragya Kandel, Prabhat Lamichhane
Thousands of Nepalese women were widowed as a consequence of a decade (1996-2006) long civil war in Nepal. These women are at grave risk of mental health problems due to both traumatic experiences and violation of natural order of widowhood. The present study explores the depression and anxiety among war-widows. In 2012, a cross-sectional study was designed to interview 358 war-widows using validitated Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory in four districts of Nepal - Bardiya, Surkhet, Sindhupalchowk and Kavrepalanchowk with history of high conflict intensity...
June 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625030/the-clinical-nutrition-research-agenda-in-indonesia-and-beyond-ecological-strategy-for-food-in-health-care-delivery
#8
Widjaja Lukito, Lindawati Wibowo, Mark L Wahlqvist
Despite progress with the food-associated health agenda in the public health and clinical domains, much remains to be done in Indonesia. There are reasons to be optimistic which include economic development, increasing literacy, progress towards universal health coverage and community organizational arrangements across the archipelago which focus on health through some 10,000 puskesmas. These community health centres are variably staffed with voluntary cadres from the community, bidans (nurses) and general medical practitioners...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624990/nutrition-literacy-among-cancer-survivors-feasibility-results-from-the-healthy-eating-and-living-against-breast-cancer-heal-bca-study-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Niyati Parekh, Jieying Jiang, Marissa Buchan, Marleen Meyers, Heather Gibbs, Paul Krebs
Knowledge of nutrition among breast cancer patients is insufficient, despite their motivation to seek valid information about healthy food choices. This study examines the feasibility of nutrition education workshops for cancer survivors, to inform the design of a multi-center intervention. Fifty-nine female English-speaking breast cancer patients, who had completed treatment, were enrolled. Participants were randomized to the intervention or control group. The intervention group attended six nutrition education sessions, and the control group received brochures...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624261/dutch-health-websites-and-their-ability-to-inform-people-with-low-health-literacy
#10
Corine S Meppelink, Julia C M van Weert, Anna Brosius, Edith G Smit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether Dutch online health information (OHI) generally reflects message elements that support information processing and understanding among people with low health literacy. METHODS: We content-analyzed one hundred Dutch webpages about Ebola, fibromyalgia, ALS, losing weight, borderline personality disorder, hemorrhoids, ADD, bladder infection, shingles, and chicken pox. The codebook covered the following domains: images and videos, readability level, Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM), advertising, interactive features, and reliability cues...
June 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623766/the-long-term-effects-of-using-telehomecare-technology-on-functional-health-literacy-results-from-a-randomized-trial
#11
L K E Hæsum, L H Ehlers, O K Hejlesen
OBJECTIVES: The association between the use of telehomecare technology and functional health literacy is rather unexplored in the current literature. This relationship could prove important in the future management of chronic diseases, as technology has become a more integrated part of modern healthcare systems. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore how the use of telehomecare technology affects the level of functional health literacy over a period of 10 months. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial...
June 14, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623623/self-reported-race-and-ethnicity-of-us-biobank-participants-compared-to-the-us-census
#12
Elizabeth Gross Cohn, Nalo Hamilton, Elaine L Larson, Janet K Williams
Precision medicine envisions a future of effective diagnosis, treatment, and prevention grounded in precise understandings of the genetic and environmental determinants of disease. Given that the original genome-wide association studies represented a predominately European White population, and that diversity in genomic studies must account for genetic variation both within and across racial categories, new research studies are at a heightened risk for inadequate representation. Currently biological samples are being made available for sequencing in biobanks across the USA, but the diversity of those samples is unknown...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622005/patients-perspectives-of-oral-healthcare-providers-communication-considering-the-impact-of-message-source-and-content
#13
Ashley E Fico, Carolyn Lagoe
This study explores patients' perceptions of positive and negative communication experiences with dentists and dental hygienists using a sample of 267 individuals who reported having a general dental provider. Patients' oral health literacy, dental mistrust, use of dental health services, anxiety, and provider satisfaction are examined on the basis of reported communication experiences in the dental context. When comparing participants who had or had not experienced positive communication with a dentist, individuals with positive experiences demonstrated significantly higher levels of oral health literacy and provider satisfaction, as well as lower levels of dental mistrust...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621660/promoting-children-s-health-toward-a-consensus-statement-on-food-literacy
#14
Emily Truman, Kim Raine, Kelly Mrklas, Rachel Prowse, Rebecca Carruthers Den Hoed, Katherine Watson-Jarvis, Jewel Loewen, Megan Gorham, Carolin Ricciardi, Sheila Tyminski, Charlene Elliott
This consensus statement reflects the views of a diverse group of stakeholders convened to explore the concept of "food literacy" as it relates to children's health. Evidence-based conceptions of food literacy are needed in light of the term's popularity in health promotion and educational interventions designed to increase food skills and knowledge that contribute to overall health. Informed by a comprehensive scoping review that identified seven main themes of food literacy, meeting participants ranked those themes in terms of importance...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619414/health-information-needs-and-reliability-of-sources-among-nondegree-health-sciences-students-a-prerequisite-for-designing-ehealth-literacy
#15
Hussein Haruna, Ndumiso Tshuma, Xiao Hu
BACKGROUND: Understanding health information needs and health-seeking behavior is a prerequisite for developing an electronic health information literacy (EHIL) or eHealth literacy program for nondegree health sciences students. At present, interest in researching health information needs and reliable sources paradigms has gained momentum in many countries. However, most studies focus on health professionals and students in higher education institutions. OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at providing new insight and filling the existing gap by examining health information needs and reliability of sources among nondegree health sciences students in Tanzania...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618908/psychosocial-perspectives-in-cardiovascular-disease
#16
Susanne S Pedersen, Roland von Känel, Phillip J Tully, Johan Denollet
Adaptation to living with cardiovascular disease may differ from patient to patient and is influenced not only by disease severity and limitations incurred by the disease but also by socioeconomic factors (e.g. health literacy), the patients' psychological make-up and susceptibility to distress. Co-morbid depression and/or anxiety is prevalent in 20% of patients with cardiovascular disease, which may be either transient or chronic. Distress, such as depression, reduces adherence, serves as a barrier to behaviour change and the adoption of a healthy lifestyle, and increases the risk that patients drop out of cardiac rehabilitation, impacting on patients' quality of life, risk of hospitalisation and mortality...
June 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617106/an-examination-of-ecological-predictors-of-health-literacy-in-black-college-students
#17
Carrie Rosario, Naomi Modeste, Hildemar Dos Santos, Daniel Handysides, Thelma Gamboa-Maldonado, Kendal Boyd
OBJECTIVE: Health literacy is a determinant of health, but disparities in health literacy persist. This study examined the influence of ecological factors on college students' health literacy. PARTICIPANTS: During January 2016 a non-random sample of Black undergraduate students (n = 298) age 18-24 were recruited from enrollment lists at two urban universities in the South-eastern US. METHODS: Information on health literacy as well as numerous intrapersonal, social, and cultural-environment factors was obtained using an electronic questionnaire and then statistically modelled...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616717/patient-and-public-outreach-initiatives-in-chronic-rhinosinusitis-from-the-canadian-sinusitis-working-group-support-for-affected-patients-and-extending-an-understanding-of-crs-to-the-general-public
#18
REVIEW
Smriti Nayan, Shaun Kilty, Helen Buckie Lloyd, Martin Desrosiers
Chronic rhinosinusitis is an important disease entity that affects patients worldwide, yet there is limited public awareness regarding the disease. The Canadian Rhinosinusitis Working Group, a group of diverse medical professionals, has made a multitude of efforts to help improve the health literacy of patients and important stakeholders, as well as the quality of life of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. This review will aim to outline these initiatives.
July 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614954/using-visual-aids-to-enhance-physician-patient-discussions-and-increase-health-literacy
#19
Michelle Pratt, Gordon E Searles
Health literacy refers to the comprehension required to make well-informed decisions regarding one's health. It is a critical component in helping patients to understand how to take their medications appropriately. However, many patients do not possess the comprehension necessary for medication adherence. The result of poor literacy is a higher incidence of misunderstanding medication instructions. Visual aids have the ability to transcend language and numeracy barriers and can therefore improve the effectiveness of communication and broaden target audiences...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613121/experiences-in-running-a-complex-electronic-data-capture-system-using-mobile-phones-in-a-large-scale-population-trial-in-southern-nepal
#20
Sarah Style, B James Beard, Helen Harris-Fry, Aman Sengupta, Sonali Jha, Bhim P Shrestha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Meelan Thondoo, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
The increasing availability and capabilities of mobile phones make them a feasible means of data collection. Electronic Data Capture (EDC) systems have been used widely for public health monitoring and surveillance activities, but documentation of their use in complicated research studies requiring multiple systems is limited. This paper shares our experiences of designing and implementing a complex multi-component EDC system for a community-based four-armed cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial in the rural plains of Nepal, to help other researchers planning to use EDC for complex studies in low-income settings...
2017: Global Health Action
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