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maternal and child health

Samine Khandan, Hedyeh Riazi, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Malihe Nasiri, Ali Montazeri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the correlation between adaptation to maternal role (AMR) and infant development. BACKGROUND: Maternal role is an important key in infant's care and development. Previous findings demonstrated an inconsistency in the effect of the mother's adaptation on each domain of infant's development. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 260 healthy mothers and healthy infants attending health centres affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran in 2016...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
Jef L Leroy, Deanna Olney, Marie Ruel
Background: Food-assisted maternal and child health and nutrition (FA-MCHN) programs are widely used to address undernutrition, but little is known about their effectiveness in improving child linear growth. Objective: We assessed the impact of Burundi's Tubaramure FA-MCHN program on linear growth. The program targeted women and their children during the first 1000 d and included 1) food rations, 2) strengthening of health services and promotion of their use, and 3) behavior change communication (BCC)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
Misbah Malik, Nasira Tasnim, Ghazala Mahmud
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of metformin alone versus metformin plus simvastatin for treatment of polycystic ovariansyndrome (PCOS). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Maternal and Child Health Centre, Unit II, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), from November 2014 to April 2015. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and eight patients (108) were randomly divided into metformin group (n=54) and metformin plus simvastatin group (n=54), detailed clinical history, including menstrual details, was taken with thorough examination performed...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Ryu Miura, Atsuko Araki, Chihiro Miyashita, Sumitaka Kobayashi, Sachiko Kobayashi, Shu-Li Wang, Chung-Hsing Chen, Kunio Miyake, Mayumi Ishizuka, Yusuke Iwasaki, Yoichi M Ito, Takeo Kubota, Reiko Kishi
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) influences fetal development and later in life. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cord blood DNA methylation changes associated with prenatal exposure to PFASs. METHODS: We assessed DNA methylation in cord blood samples from 190 mother-child pairs from the Sapporo cohort of the Hokkaido Study (discovery cohort) and from 37 mother-child pairs from the Taiwan Maternal and Infant Cohort Study (replication cohort) using the Illumina HumanMethylation 450 BeadChip...
March 12, 2018: Environment International
Nancy A Scott, Taryn Vian, Jeanette L Kaiser, Thandiwe Ngoma, Kaluba Mataka, Elizabeth G Henry, Godfrey Biemba, Mary Nambao, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends maternity waiting homes (MWH) as one intervention to improve maternal and newborn health. However, persistent structural, cultural and financial barriers in their design and implementation have resulted in mixed success in both their uptake and utilization. Guidance is needed on how to design a MWH intervention that is acceptable and sustainable. Using formative research and guided by a sustainability framework for health programs, we systematically collected data from key stakeholders and potential users in order to design a MWH intervention in Zambia that could overcome multi-dimensional barriers to accessing facility delivery, be acceptable to the community and be financially and operationally sustainable...
2018: PloS One
Emily J Gach, Ka I Ip, Arnold J Sameroff, Sheryl L Olson
Multiple environmental risk factors in early childhood predict a broad range of adverse developmental outcomes. However, most prior longitudinal research has not illuminated explanatory mechanisms. Our main goals were to examine predictive associations between cumulative ecological risk factors in early childhood and children's later externalizing problems and to determine whether these associations were explained by variations in parenting quality. Participants were 241 children (118 girls) at risk for school-age conduct problems and their parents and teachers...
February 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Bernard Yeboah-Asiamah Asare, Joyce Veronica Preko, Diana Baafi, Bismark Dwumfour-Asare
Background: Exclusive breastfeeding is important for child health and growth, but its practice is low in many developing countries. This study aimed at determining the breastfeeding practices and examining the sociodemographic characteristics that influence exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending child welfare clinic at Manhean, in the Tema East Sub-Meteropolitan area of Greater Accra region of Ghana. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study that employed a structured questionnaire to collect data among 355 mothers of children aged 0-24 months selected through simple random sampling, attending a child welfare clinic from May to June, 2016...
2018: International Breastfeeding Journal
Shefaly Shorey, Cornelia Chee, Yap-Seng Chong, Esperanza Debby Ng, Ying Lau, Cindy-Lee Dennis
BACKGROUND: Multiple international agencies, including the World Health Organization and the International Monetary Fund, have emphasized the importance of maternal mental health for optimal child health and development. Adequate social support is vital for the most vulnerable to postpartum mood disorders. Hence, an urgent need for sustainable social support programs to aid mothers ease into their new parenting role exists. OBJECTIVE: This study protocol aims to examine the effectiveness of a technology-based peer support intervention program among mothers at risk for postnatal depression in the early postpartum period...
March 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Raquel Maria Ramos, Vanessa Medeiros da Nóbrega, Leiliane Teixeira Bento Fernandes, Amanda Narciso Machado, Neusa Collet
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the maternal perception about the paternal care and to understand how this care Is made effective In practical actions in the care of the child/adolescent with chronic disease in the family routine. METHODS: Exploratory-descriptive, qualitative study, carried out at the pediatric outpatient clinic of a public hospital in the state of Paraíba, between November/2013 and April/2014, with 10 mothers whose children had more than six months of diagnosis...
March 12, 2018: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Hellen Lívia Oliveira Catunda Ferreira, Mirna Fontenele de Oliveira, Elizian Braga Rodrigues Bernardo, Paulo César de Almeida, Priscila de Souza Aquino, Ana Karina Bezerra Pinheiro
This correlational study aimed to verify the association between maternal variables and exclusive breastfeeding in a specialized outpatient clinic in the state of Ceará, Brazil. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding was observed, showing a decrease during the first six months of a child's life. Most women were young, with partners, with a good level of schooling, multigravidas and had six or fewer antenatal consultations in health centers. There was a significant association between multiparity and exclusive breastfeeding variables, showing up as a protective variable for this practice...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Francelena de Sousa Silva, Yonna Costa Barbosa, Mônica Araújo Batalha, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Vanda Maria Ferreira Simões, Maria Dos Remédios Freitas Carvalho Branco, Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Rejane Christine de Sousa Queiroz, Waleska Regina Machado Araújo, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
This study estimated the percentages of incomplete immunization with new vaccines and old vaccines and associated factors in children 13 to 35 months of age belonging to a birth cohort in São Luís, the capital of Maranhão State, Brazil. The sample was probabilistic, with 3,076 children born in 2010. Information on vaccination was obtained from the Child's Health Card. The new vaccines, namely those introduced in 2010, were meningococcal C and 10-valent pneumococcal, and the old vaccines, or those already on the childhood immunization schedule, were BCG, hepatitis B, human rotavirus, polio, tetravalent (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, Haemophilus influenzae b), yellow fever, and triple viral (measles, mumps, rubella)...
March 12, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Julia F Litzky, Maya A Deyssenroth, Todd M Everson, Barry M Lester, Luca Lambertini, Jia Chen, Carmen J Marsit
BACKGROUND: Depression and/or anxiety during pregnancy have been associated with impaired fetal growth and neurodevelopmental. Because placental imprinted genes play a central role in fetal development and respond to environmental stressors, we hypothesized that imprinted gene expression would be affected by prenatal depression and anxiety. METHODS: Placental gene expression was compared between mothers with prenatal depression and/or anxiety/obsessive compulsive disorder/panic and control mothers without psychiatric history (n=458) in the Rhode Island Child Health Study...
March 14, 2018: Pediatric Research
Sukanya Srinivasan, Lisa Schlar, Stephanie E Rosener, Daniel J Frayne, Scott G Hartman, Michael A Horst, Jessica L Brubach, Stephen Ratcliffe
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth, birth defects, and unintended pregnancy are major sources of infant and maternal morbidity, mortality, and associated resource use in American health care. Interconception Care (ICC) is recommended as a strategy to improve birth outcomes by modifying maternal risks between pregnancies, but no established model currently exists. The Interventions to Minimize Preterm and Low Birth Weight Infants through Continuous Improvement Techniques (IMPLICIT) Network developed and implemented a unique approach to ICC by assessing mothers during their baby's well-child visits (WCVs) up to 24 months...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Yoshihiro Miyake, Keiko Tanaka, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki, Masashi Arakawa
OBJECTIVES: The present prebirth cohort study examined the association between maternal caffeine consumption during pregnancy and behavioral problems in Japanese children aged 5 years. METHODS: Subjects were 1199 mother-child pairs. Dietary intake was assessed using a diet history questionnaire. Emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity problems, and peer problems were assessed using the Japanese parent-report version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire...
March 13, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Christopher Grollman, Francesca L Cavallaro, Diane Duclos, Victoria Bakare, Melisa Martínez Álvarez, Josephine Borghi
The International Conference on Population and Development in 1994 set targets for donor funding to support family planning programmes, and recent initiatives such as FP2020 have renewed focus on the need for adequate funding to rights-based family planning. Disbursements supporting family planning disaggregated by donor, recipient country and year are not available for recent years. We estimate international donor funding for family planning in 2003-13, the period covering the introduction of reproductive health targets to the Millennium Development Goals and up to the beginning of FP2020, and compare funding to unmet need for family planning in recipient countries...
March 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
Ami R Zota, Ruth J Geller, Laura E Romano, Kimberly Coleman-Phox, Nancy E Adler, Emily Parry, Miaomiao Wang, June-Soo Park, Angelo F Elmi, Barbara A Laraia, Elissa S Epel
BACKGROUND: Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can target immune and metabolic pathways. However, few epidemiologic studies have examined the influence of EDCs on measures of inflammation and cellular aging during pregnancy and postpartum. OBJECTIVE: We investigated associations between prenatal exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hydroxylated PBDE metabolites (OH-PBDEs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and per- and polyfluorochemicals (PFASs) with repeated biomarker measurements of inflammation and cellular aging in women during pregnancy and the postpartum period...
March 10, 2018: Environment International
(no author information available yet)
Cardiac rupture caused by traffic accident: Cases report and a literature review DOI: 10.1177/0025817218759164 Medico-Legal Journal In this article, six co-authors were omitted in the initial OnlineFirst version. The online version has been updated to list all co-authors and affiliations as below. S Zerbo1 , E Ventura Spagnolo1 , S Salerno2 , G Lo Re2 , A Guajana1 , A Alongi1 and A Argo1 1 Dpt. For Health Promotion, Maternal and Child Care, University of Palermo, Section of Legal Medicine. Palermo - Italy2 Dpt of Radiology, University of Palermo...
January 1, 2018: Medico-legal Journal
K Hisano, K Tanaka, C Nagata, M Arakawa, Y Miyake
OBJECTIVE: We determined the prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children in a cross-sectional study and analysed its associations with birthweight, gestational age and birthweight for gestational age among the study subjects. METHODS: Study subjects were 6327 children. Their parents or guardians completed our study questionnaire with information on birth conditions and oral examinations taken from their Maternal and Child Health Handbooks, as documented by medical personnel at the hospital, clinic or public health centre...
March 13, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Harsh Dilipkumar Shah, Bonny Shah, Paresh V Dave, Janak B Katariya, Khyati P Vats
Context: Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) is a key strategy to improve child survival, especially in newborn care where neonatal mortality rate (NMR) is stagnant in declining. Gujarat has achieved considerable amount of reduction in child deaths, but neonatal health requires attention. The study was aimed to assess the admission pattern of Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) which supports decision-making. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional descriptive analysis was done from secondary data of the SNCU reports on the aspects of admission patterns, morbidity, and mortality pattern...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Nirmala Saravanan Narayanasamy, Subitha Lakshminarayanan, S Ganesh Kumar, Sitanshu Sekar Kar, Kalaiselvi Selvaraj
Background: A multipurpose health worker (MPHW) is the key functionary and the first contact person in a subcenter. This study explores the workload of MPHWs in the multifarious domains of their activities and also assesses their time utilization pattern. Methods: A time and motion study was conducted among 19 auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs) and 10 HWs male (M) from six selected primary health centers of Puducherry. Participants self-reported their daily activities on a time measurement sheet for 6 days in a week...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
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