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Sandra Abou Kassm, Wadih Naja
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant withdrawal manic states are intriguing and under-recognized phenomena. The associated patho-physiological pathways are ill defined and the inclusion of the phenomena in the bipolar spectrum disorders is questionable. This study aims to update a review on antidepressant discontinuation manic states published in 2008 and to look for hints alluding to bipolar disorder in the affected published cases and in the literature. It also reviews the different hypotheses proposed to explain discontinuation mania...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Erica J Weinstein, Jacob L Levene, Marc S Cohen, Doerthe A Andreae, Jerry Y Chao, Matthew Johnson, Charles B Hall, Michael H Andreae
BACKGROUND: Regional anaesthesia may reduce the rate of persistent postoperative pain (PPP), a frequent and debilitating condition. This review was originally published in 2012 and updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To compare local anaesthetics and regional anaesthesia versus conventional analgesia for the prevention of PPP beyond three months in adults and children undergoing elective surgery. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase to December 2016 without any language restriction...
April 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Didier Salmon
Trypanosoma brucei , etiological agent of Sleeping Sickness in Africa, is the prototype of African trypanosomes, protozoan extracellular flagellate parasites transmitted by saliva ( Salivaria ). In these parasites the molecular controls of the cell cycle and environmental sensing are elaborate and concentrated at the flagellum. Genomic analyses suggest that these parasites appear to differ considerably from the host in signaling mechanisms, with the exception of receptor-type adenylate cyclases (AC) that are topologically similar to receptor-type guanylate cyclase (GC) of higher eukaryotes but control a new class of cAMP targets of unknown function, the cAMP response proteins (CARPs), rather than the classical protein kinase A cAMP effector (PKA)...
April 25, 2018: Pathogens
Charles J Norsigian, Erol Kavvas, Yara Seif, Bernhard O Palsson, Jonathan M Monk
Acinetobacter baumannii has become an urgent clinical threat due to the recent emergence of multi-drug resistant strains. There is thus a significant need to discover new therapeutic targets in this organism. One means for doing so is through the use of high-quality genome-scale reconstructions. Well-curated and accurate genome-scale models (GEMs) of A. baumannii would be useful for improving treatment options. We present an updated and improved genome-scale reconstruction of A. baumannii AYE, named iCN718, that improves and standardizes previous A...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Tyler J Bruinsma, Vidur V Sarma, Yoonbae Oh, Dong Pyo Jang, Su-Youne Chang, Greg A Worrell, Val J Lowe, Hang Joon Jo, Hoon-Ki Min
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely used in investigations of normal cognition and brain disease and in various clinical applications. Pharmacological fMRI (pharma-fMRI) is a relatively new application, which is being used to elucidate the effects and mechanisms of pharmacological modulation of brain activity. Characterizing the effects of neuropharmacological agents on regional brain activity using fMRI is challenging because drugs modulate neuronal function in a wide variety of ways, including through receptor agonist, antagonist, and neurotransmitter reuptake blocker events...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Joseph Jy Sung, Philip Cy Chiu, Francis K L Chan, James Yw Lau, Khean-Lee Goh, Lawrence Hy Ho, Hwoon-Young Jung, Jose D Sollano, Takuji Gotoda, Nageshwar Reddy, Rajvinder Singh, Kentaro Sugano, Kai-Chun Wu, Chun-Yin Wu, David J Bjorkman, Dennis M Jensen, Ernst J Kuipers, Angel Lanas
Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding remains an important emergency condition, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. As endoscopic therapy is the 'gold standard' of management, treatment of these patients can be considered in three stages: pre-endoscopic treatment, endoscopic haemostasis and post-endoscopic management. Since publication of the Asia-Pacific consensus on non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) 7 years ago, there have been significant advancements in the clinical management of patients in all three stages...
April 24, 2018: Gut
María Remedio Guna Serrano, Nieves Larrosa Escartín, Mercedes Marín Arriaza, Juan Carlos Rodríguez Díaz
OBJETIVE: In this review we try to update the new procedures applicable in the microbiological diagnosis of bacteriemia and fungemias. METHOD: Review of scientific literature. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: After defining the process and indicating its fundamental principles, the main biomarkers used in clinical practice are reviewed. Subsequently, the particularities of the pre-analytical phase (collection and transport of samples) are highlighted and the steps to follow for the microbiological identification by classical methods are detailed, based on the culture of the blood samples...
April 21, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Franz Uiblein, JØrgen G Nielsen
This review was motivated by the recent collection of a specimen of the specious cuskeel genus Neobythites (Ophidiidae) off Myanmar and difficulties to identify it based on the available literature. This specimen has an ocellus consisting of a dark oval spot and a concentric white ring placed on the dorsal fin at mid-body, typical for many Neobythites species. It belongs to a group of single-ocellus bearing species which have no or only one weakly developed, flat preopercular spine which we term here the "steatiticus-species group"...
February 26, 2018: Zootaxa
H L Han, V S Kononenko
Twelve new species of the genus Stenoloba Staudinger, 1892 (S. gaoligonga sp. n., S. huanxipoa sp. n., S. chlorobrunnea sp. n., S. ochraceola sp. n., S. plumbeoviridis sp. n., S. plumbeobrunnea sp. n., S. cucullata sp. n., S. asymmetrica sp. n., S. acontioides sp. n., S. rectilinoides sp. n., S. uncata sp. n. and S. assimilina sp. n.) are described from China. Four species (S. albistriata Kononenko Ronkay, S. glaucescens (Hampson), S. rectilinea Yoshimoto, and S. brunnescens Kononenko Ronkay) are reported to China for the first time; S...
March 4, 2018: Zootaxa
Knut Rognes
The mainly Oriental Bengalia torosa Wiedemann species-group is revised on the basis of males. Species concepts are based on male terminalia. Monophyly of the species-group is established on the basis of two unique synapomorphies of the distiphallus. Eleven species are recognized as valid, viz. Bengalia chekiangensis Fan, 1965, Bengalia chiangmaiensis Kurahashi Tumrasvin, 1979, Bengalia concava Malloch, 1927, Bengalia escheri Bezzi, 1913, Bengalia fuscipennis Bezzi, 1913, Bengalia jejuna (Fabricius, 1787), Bengalia kanoi Kurahashi Magpayo, 2000, Bengalia martinleakei Senior-White, 1930, Bengalia recurva Malloch, 1927, Bengalia torosa (Wiedemann, 1819), Bengalia xanthopyga Senior-White, 1924, and their geographical distributions are updated...
March 6, 2018: Zootaxa
Meike Liu, Min Huang, Andrew Richard Cline, Paolo Audisio
Meligethes (Odonthogethes) trapezithorax sp. n., M. (O.) tricuspidatus sp. n., and M. (O.) luteomaculatus sp. n. are described from Hubei Province, China, based on a series of recently collected specimens. The new species appear morphologically closely related to M. (O.) brassicogethoides Audisio, Sabatelli Jelínek, 2015 from Yunnan [M. (O.) trapezithorax sp. n.], M. (O.) occultus Audisio, Sabatelli Jelínek, 2015 from Yunnan [M. (O.) tricuspidatus sp. n.], as well as M. (O.) pallidoelytrorum Chen Kirejtshuk, 2013 from Sichuan and M...
March 11, 2018: Zootaxa
Vladimir PeŠiĆ, Aleksandra BaŃkowska, Tom Goldschmidt, MichaŁ Grabowski, Grzegorz MichoŃski, Andrzej Zawal
The last checklist of the water mites of the Balkan countries published in 2010 by Pešić et al. is updated to November 2017. This supplement includes new records of water mite species from the Balkan countries (Croatia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece) published after 2010, as well as unpublished records based on material collected from Croatia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, and Greece. Numerous new records for the national faunas, including one species new for the Mediterranean region (Arrenurus stjordalensis Thor, 1899), are reported and one species new to science (Trichothyas jadrankae Pešić sp...
March 13, 2018: Zootaxa
Qinghua Li, Dong Ren, Yongjie Wang
The poorly known genus Nilionympha Ren and Engel, 2007 in the subfamily of Gumillinae is updated and revised based on the reexamination of the type specimens and description of a new species Nilionympha shantouensis sp. nov. from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China. A further comparison between Nilionympha and other gumilline genera is provided to corroborate the generic status according to the updated diagnostic characters of forewing. The species Nilionympha imperfecta Ren and Engel, 2007 is transferred to the genus of Enodinympha...
March 20, 2018: Zootaxa
Jheimison Junior Da Silva Rosa, Ingrid Costa MarÇal, Gustavo Monteiro Teixeira, Aline Aguiar
Species of Stratiodrilus are ectocommensals of freshwater decapod crustaceans, and the genus is also the most speciose within the family Histriobdellidae. However, a global review of the species of Stratiodrilus and their hosts has not been performed in nearly two decades. Based new field collections in Brazil and a literature search, we present a list of Stratiodrilus species and their hosts. We searched for host and occurrence records in papers of species descriptions, review papers and specialized databases...
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
Sameer M Padhye, Nicolas Rabet, Mihir R Kulkarni, Marco Pagni
We describe a new species of Eulimnadia, Eulimnadia bondi sp. nov., from the state of Goa, India. This is the 8th species to be described from the country and first from this state. This species differs from all other Indian species in having unique egg morphology-cylindrical egg with dilated borders at both ends and a specific internal eggshell structure. Specimens showed intra-population morphological variation as observed in other species from the genus. Eulimnadia bondi sp. nov. egg resembles the South American E...
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
Pekka Vilkamaa, Hans-Georg Rudzinski, Nikola BurdÍkovÁ, Jan ŠevČÍk
Four Oriental species of Aerumnosa Mohrig, 1999 (Diptera: Sciaridae), a genus previously known only from Papua New Guinea, are newly described and illustrated: Aerumnosa bituberculata sp. n. (India), A. gemmifera sp. n. (Malaysia: Sabah), A. horrifica sp. n. (Brunei, Thailand) and A. impar sp. n. (Malaysia: Sabah). On the basis of the new material, the genus is redefined. A key to the known species of Aerumnosa is presented, including four new species. An updated molecular phylogenetic analysis based on four gene markers (18S, 28S, 16S and COI) shows Aerumnosa to be a member of the subfamily Cratyninae...
March 21, 2018: Zootaxa
Richard Sehnal
The genus Eulepida Kolbe, 1894 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Leucopholini) was established to accommodate 10 Afrotropical species, seven new and three previously placed in Lepidiota Kirby, 1828, Proagosternus Blanchard, 1851, and Tricholepis Hampson, 1891. Lacroix (2010) designated Leucopholis lepidota Klug, 1855 as the type species of the genus Eulepida. Currently the genus contains 20 species divided into three groups based on morphological characters (Lacroix 2010, 2013): species group I includes Eulepida lepidota (Klug, 1855), E...
March 22, 2018: Zootaxa
Meng-Chi Huang, Zi-Wei Yin
Two new Chinese species of the tyrine genus Nomuraius Hlaváč, N. excavatus Huang Yin, sp. n. (Guangxi), and N. nanlingensis Huang Yin, sp. n. (Guangdong), are described and illustrated. The identification key and distributional map of the genus are updated to include the new data.
March 22, 2018: Zootaxa
James E Jepson, Alexander V Khramov, Michael Ohl
Two new genera and species, and one indeterminate genera and species of fossil Mantispidae, Mesomantispinae are described from the Upper Jurassic of Karatau, Kazakhstan: Longicollum benmaddoxi gen. et sp. nov., Ovalofemora abbottae gen. et sp. nov., and Mesomantispinae sp. et gen. indet. Karataumantispa monstruosa is removed from the genus Karataumantispa and placed in the new genus Ovalofemora gen. nov. due to its different foreleg morphology (stout coxae, trochanter, and oval shaped femur), in addition to differences in wing venation...
March 29, 2018: Zootaxa
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