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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244250/human-innate-lymphoid-cells-ilcs-towards-a-uniform-immune-phenotyping
#1
REVIEW
Sara Trabanelli, Alejandra Gomez Cadena, Domenico Mavilio, Basile Nicolas Landis, Peter Jandus, Camilla Jandus
Helper Innate Lymphoid Cells (ILCs), the most recently identified population of the Innate Lymphoid Cell family, plays a fundamental role in the restoration of tissue integrity, in the protection against infiltrating pathogens as well as in tumor immune-surveillance. ILCs have been divided into three main subsets, ILC1, ILC2 and ILC3, that can be specifically activated by different signals coming either from pathogens or from other cell populations, including cancer cells. Following activation, ILCs are in turn able to promptly secrete a wide range of soluble mediators that modulate effector cell functions...
December 15, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228152/effectiveness-of-nutritional-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-persons-umbrella-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#2
Andrea Poscia, Sonja Milovanovic, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Francesco Landi, Umberto Moscato, Nicola Magnavita, Agnese Collamati, Walter Ricciardi
Background: The number of Europeans aged over 65 will double between 2010 and 2060, reaching 30% of the European population. Nutrition is emerging as a key element of healthy life since both obesity and malnutrition are established risk factors for morbidity and disability. The aim of this umbrella review (UR) is to summarize the findings of all current systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyzes (MAs) on the effectiveness of nutritional intervention designed to promote healthy aging in older individuals...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222045/challenges-in-risk-estimation-using-routinely-collected-clinical-data-the-example-of-estimating-cervical-cancer-risks-from-electronic-health-records
#3
Rebecca Landy, Li C Cheung, Mark Schiffman, Julia C Gage, Noorie Hyun, Nicolas Wentzensen, Walter K Kinney, Philip E Castle, Barbara Fetterman, Nancy E Poitras, Thomas Lorey, Peter D Sasieni, Hormuzd A Katki
Electronic health-records (EHR) are increasingly used by epidemiologists studying disease following surveillance testing to provide evidence for screening intervals and referral guidelines. Although cost-effective, undiagnosed prevalent disease and interval censoring (in which asymptomatic disease is only observed at the time of testing) raise substantial analytic issues when estimating risk that cannot be addressed using Kaplan-Meier methods. Based on our experience analysing EHR from cervical cancer screening, we previously proposed the logistic-Weibull model to address these issues...
December 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090502/endoscopic-treatment-of-anastomotic-biliary-stricture-after-adult-deceased-donor-liver-transplantation-with-multiple-plastic-stents-versus-self-expandable-metal-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Filippo Landi, Nicola de'Angelis, Ailton Sepulveda, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Iradj Sobhani, Alexis Laurent, Olivier Soubrane
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic biliary strictures (ABSs) occur in up to 15% of patients after liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) versus multiple plastic stents (MPS). METHODS: Databases were searched through April 2017. The outcome measures were technical success, stricture resolution, recurrence and complications. We synthesized the findings descriptively and performed a meta-analysis...
November 1, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055981/nutritional-values-and-metabolic-profile-with-and-without-boiled-treatment-of-gallo-matese-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris-l-a-landrace-from-southern-italy
#5
Nicola Landi, Sara Ragucci, Michelina Fiorentino, Vincenzo Guida, Antimo Di Maro
BACKGROUND: 'Gallo Matese' beans are known as a typical legume of Southern Italy and continue to be consumed as a traditional food preserving the diversity of this region. Nonetheless, no information about the nutritional values of this legume is available. The objective of the present investigation was to determine the nutritional value and metabolic profile of 'Gallo Matese' beans. Results. 'Gallo Matese' beans contain high levels of proteins (22.64 g/100 g) and essential amino acids  (8...
July 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919999/first-report-of-clinical-responses-to-immunotherapy-in-3-relapsing-cases-of-chordoma-after-failure-of-standard-therapies
#6
Denis Migliorini, Nicolas Mach, Diego Aguiar, Rémi Vernet, Basile Nicolas Landis, Minerva Becker, Thomas McKee, Valérie Dutoit, Pierre-Yves Dietrich
Chordoma is a rare tumor of notochordal origin, currently principally treated by surgery and/or irradiation. Here, we describe the clinical outcome of 3 consecutive patients with metastatic and locally advanced chordoma, treated with different immunotherapeutic approaches. All patients presented fast growing tumors and failure of standard therapies. One was treated with a tumor-based vaccine, the 2 others with anti-PD1 antibodies, all with impressive clinical and radiological responses. We therefore propose that chordoma is an immunogenic tumor and thus that translational and clinical research is necessary to develop rationally designed immunotherapy approaches...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915899/association-between-polymorphisms-of-tas2r16-and-susceptibility-to-colorectal-cancer
#7
Jonathan Barontini, Marco Antinucci, Sergio Tofanelli, Maurizio Cammalleri, Massimo Dal Monte, Federica Gemignani, Pavel Vodicka, Roberto Marangoni, Ludmila Vodickova, Juozas Kupcinskas, Veronika Vymetalkova, Asta Forsti, Federico Canzian, Angelika Stein, Victor Moreno, Nicola Mastrodonato, Francesca Tavano, Anna Panza, Roberto Barale, Stefano Landi, Daniele Campa
BACKGROUND: Genetics plays an important role in the susceptibility to sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC). In the last 10 years genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified over 40 independent low penetrance polymorphic variants. However, these loci only explain around 1‑4% of CRC heritability, highlighting the dire need of identifying novel risk loci. In this study, we focused our attention on the genetic variability of the TAS2R16 gene, encoding for one of the bitter taste receptors that selectively binds to salicin, a natural antipyretic that resembles aspirin...
September 15, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869051/emergency-consultation-for-epistaxis-a-bad-predictor-for-overall-health
#8
Rafael R Stadler, Rahel M Kindler, Basile N Landis, Nicolas I Vogel, David Holzmann, Michael B Soyka
OBJECTIVE: To compare the mortality rate of a large epistaxis cohort with the fatalities of the general Swiss population and to evaluate significant risk factors for impending early death. METHODS: 568 patients out of an epistaxis cohort from a former study were contacted by mail to answer a questionnaire. Deceased patients were identified from March, 2007 through April, 2014. Death rates were compared to the general Swiss population. Different potential risk factors were evaluated by multivariate analysis...
August 28, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624124/erratum-to-choosing-wisely-the-top-5-list-of-recommendations-from-the-italian-panel-of-the-national-guidelines-for-the-management-of-acute-pharyngitis-in-children-clin-ther-2017-39-646-649
#9
Elena Chiappini, Barbara Bortone, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Susanna Esposito, Luisa Galli, Massimo Landi, Andrea Novelli, Paola Marchisio, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Nicola Principi, Maurizio de Martino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598568/managing-biological-control-services-through-multi-trophic-trait-interactions-review-and-guidelines-for-implementation-at-local-and-landscape-scales
#10
David J Perović, Sagrario Gámez-Virués, Douglas A Landis, Felix Wäckers, Geoff M Gurr, Stephen D Wratten, Min-Sheng You, Nicolas Desneux
Ecological studies are increasingly moving towards trait-based approaches, as the evidence mounts that functions, as opposed to taxonomy, drive ecosystem service delivery. Among ecosystem services, biological control has been somewhat overlooked in functional ecological studies. This is surprising given that, over recent decades, much of biological control research has been focused on identifying the multiple characteristics (traits) of species that influence trophic interactions. These traits are especially well developed for interactions between arthropods and flowers - important for biological control, as floral resources can provide natural enemies with nutritional supplements, which can dramatically increase biological control efficiency...
June 9, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526597/slow-ventricular-tachycardia-in-a-91-year-old-man-with-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-and-acute-respiratory-failure
#11
Nicola Vargas, Loredana Tibullo, Cesare A E Landi, Giovanni Carifi, Emanuela Landi, Elisa Salsano, Francesco Di Grezia, Fiore Candelmo
Slow ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with devices such as an implantable cardioverter - defibrillator (ICD) is more common than in the rest of the population. The incidence in elderly patients with an ICD remains largely unknown. In younger patients, slow VT is generally asymptomatic or associated with limited clinical relevance. It may be efficiently and safely terminated by anti-tachycardia pacing. We present a case of slow VT in a 91-year-old man with ICD with type 1 acute respiratory failure and drowsiness...
August 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503801/pioppino-mushroom-in-southern-italy-an-undervalued-source-of-nutrients-and-bioactive-compounds
#12
Nicola Landi, Severina Pacifico, Sara Ragucci, Antonella Ma Di Giuseppe, Federica Iannuzzi, Armando Zarrelli, Simona Piccolella, Antimo Di Maro
BACKGROUND: Agrocybe aegerita (V. Brig.) Singer, commonly known as Pioppino, is a popular edible mushroom, known in the Campania Region (Italy). Despite its habitual consumption, little nutritional and biochemical information is available. Thus, nutritional values, anti-radical properties and chemical composition of the wild Pioppino were compared to those of the cultivated Agaricus bisporus (J.E. Lange) Imbach (known as Champignon), equally analysed. RESULTS: Macronutrient components (proteins, carbohydrates and lipids), free and protein amino acids and fatty acid content of poplar mushroom were achieved...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284340/trpv1-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-interferon-%C3%AE-induced-flu-like-syndrome-in-patients-with-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Fabio Buttari, Sara Zagaglia, Lorenzo Marciano, Maria Albanese, Doriana Landi, Carolina Gabri Nicoletti, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Mauro Silvestrini, Leandro Provinciali, Girolama Alessandra Marfia, Francesco Mori, Diego Centonze
Interferon-β (IFN-β) is often discontinued in RRMS patients due to its most common side effect, the flu-like syndrome (FLS). The mechanisms underlying IFN β-induced FLS symptoms are still unclear. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a key regulator of pain and inflammation. Thus we tested the hypothesis that the ECS could be involved in FLS severity by exploring the effect of genetic polymorphisms with functional impact on the ECS, on patient-reported FLS symptoms. GG-carriers of the transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) single nucleotide polymorphism rs222747 reported greater pain and weakness during FLS...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281121/short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-vs-open-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-adenoma-a-multicenter-propensity-score-adjustment-analysis-by-the-afc-hca-2013-study-group
#14
Filippo Landi, Nicola De' Angelis, Olivier Scatton, Xavier Vidal, Ahmet Ayav, Fabrice Muscari, Safi Dokmak, Guido Torzilli, Nicolas Demartines, Olivier Soubrane, Daniel Cherqui, Jean Hardwigsen, Alexis Laurent
BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatocellular adenomas are, in selected cases, candidates for liver resection, which can be approached via laparoscopy or laparotomy. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the surgical approach on the postoperative morbidities of both minor and major liver resections. METHODS: In this multi-institutional study, all patients who underwent open or laparoscopic hepatectomies for hepatocellular adenomas between 1989 and 2013 in 27 European centers were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228569/no-evidence-of-beneficial-effects-of-plasmapheresis-in-natalizumab-associated-pml
#15
Doriana Landi, Nicola De Rossi, Sara Zagaglia, Cristina Scarpazza, Luca Prosperini, Maria Albanese, Fabio Buttari, Francesco Mori, Girolama Alessandra Marfia, Maria Pia Sormani, Ruggero Capra, Diego Centonze
OBJECTIVE: To examine retrospectively the effects of plasmapheresis (PLEX) on the survival and clinical outcomes of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and natalizumab (NTZ)-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). METHODS: The medical literature was searched for the terms natalizumab and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy. A total of 193 international and 34 Italian NTZ-PML cases were included. Clinical outcome was determined by comparing the patients' clinical status at PML diagnosis with status after PML resolution...
March 21, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197361/nkp30-isoforms-and-nkp30-ligands-are-predictive-biomarkers-of-response-to-imatinib-mesylate-in-metastatic-gist-patients
#16
Sylvie Rusakiewicz, Aurélie Perier, Michaela Semeraro, Jonathan M Pitt, Elke Pogge von Strandmann, Katrin S Reiners, Sandrine Aspeslagh, Christelle Pipéroglou, Frédéric Vély, Alexandre Ivagnes, Sarah Jegou, Niels Halama, Loic Chaigneau, Pierre Validire, Christos Christidis, Thierry Perniceni, Bruno Landi, Anne Berger, Nicolas Isambert, Julien Domont, Sylvie Bonvalot, Philippe Terrier, Julien Adam, Jean-Michel Coindre, Jean-François Emile, Vichnou Poirier-Colame, Kariman Chaba, Benedita Rocha, Anne Caignard, Antoine Toubert, David Enot, Joachim Koch, Aurélien Marabelle, Marion Lambert, Sophie Caillat-Zucman, Serge Leyvraz, Christian Auclair, Eric Vivier, Alexander Eggermont, Christophe Borg, Jean-Yves Blay, Axel Le Cesne, Olivier Mir, Laurence Zitvogel
Despite effective targeted therapy acting on KIT and PDGFRA tyrosine kinases, gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) escape treatment by acquiring mutations conveying resistance to imatinib mesylate (IM). Following the identification of NKp30-based immunosurveillance of GIST and the off-target effects of IM on NK cell functions, we investigated the predictive value of NKp30 isoforms and NKp30 soluble ligands in blood for the clinical response to IM. The relative expression and the proportions of NKp30 isoforms markedly impacted both event-free and overall survival, in two independent cohorts of metastatic GIST...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185714/choosing-wisely-the-top-5-recommendations-from-the-italian-panel-of-the-national-guidelines-for-the-management-of-acute-pharyngitis-in-children
#17
Elena Chiappini, Barbara Bortone, Giuseppe Di Mauro, Susanna Esposito, Luisa Galli, Massimo Landi, Andrea Novelli, Paola Marchisio, Gian Luigi Marseglia, Nicola Principi, Maurizio de Martino
PURPOSE: With the aim to reduce waste in the health care system and avoid risks associated with unnecessary treatment, the Italian Panel of the National Guidelines for the Management of Acute Pharyngitis in Children joined the Choosing Wisely initiative. METHODS: An ad hoc Choosing Wisely task force was selected to develop a candidate list of items for the top-5 list on pharyngitis medicine. Through a process of literature review and consensus, the final list of 5 items was chosen...
March 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163529/lumbar-annular-tear-in-the-absence-of-nerve-root-compression-is-discectomy-useful
#18
Lorenzo Nigro, Alessandro Landi, Nicola Marotta, Roberto Delfini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120079/correlation-between-timing-of-surgery-and-outcome-in-thoracolumbar-fractures-does-early-surgery-influence-neurological-recovery-and-functional-restoration-a-multivariate-analysis-of-results-in-our-experience
#19
Alessandro Landi, Nicola Marotta, Angela Ambrosone, Emiliano Prizio, Cristina Mancarella, Fabrizio Gregori, Giuseppe La Torre, Antonio Santoro, Roberto Delfini
BACKGROUND: Treatment for spinal trauma is affected by both nonmodifiable and modifiable variables. The aim of this study was to compare early surgery with intermediate and late surgery to determine the benefits of spinal reconstruction in neurological recovery and functional restoration in patients with thoracolumbar fractures. METHODS: In order to identify correlations between treatment timing, fracture site, neurological recovery, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score restoration, and rehabilitation prognosis in patients with thoracic and lumbar fractures, we conducted a multivariate analysis of the results of surgery, at our institution, in 166 consecutive patients with unstable thoracolumbar fractures with or without neurological impairment...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879951/multidisciplinary-management-of-spontaneous-spinal-infections-there-is-a-correlation-between-timing-type-of-treatment-and-outcome-a-multivariate-analysis-of-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
Alessandro Landi, Alessandro DI Bartolomeo, Nicola Marotta, Giancarlo Iaiani, Maurizio Domenicucci, Massimo Chiara, Maurizio Salvati, Roberto Delfini
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous Spinal Infections SSI represent a rare and serious pathological entity. We've tried to study a correlation between type of treatment, timing of treatment and clinical outcome through a multivariate analysis of an observational cohort study with the aim to define what is the optimal clinico-therapeutic management. METHODS: We perform a retrospective observational cohort study on all consecutive patients observed in our Institute in a period of 13 years; From 2001 to 2014 we enrolled 50 consecutive patients with symptomatic spontaneous spinal infections (no previous surgery or recent infection in other site), confirmed with diagnostic imaging...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
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