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Mobile health app

Federica Lucivero, Karin R Jongsma
Mobile health (mHealth) is rapidly being implemented and changing our ways of doing, understanding and organising healthcare. mHealth includes wearable devices as well as apps that track fitness, offer wellness programmes or provide tools to manage chronic conditions. According to industry and policy makers, these systems offer efficient and cost-effective solutions for disease prevention and self-management. While this development raises many ethically relevant questions, so far mHealth has received only little attention in medical ethics...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
Yuting Lin, Carina Tudor-Sfetea, Sarim Siddiqui, Yusuf Sherwani, Maroof Ahmed, Andreas B Eisingerich
BACKGROUND: New mobile health (mHealth) software apps are emerging and are providing the foundation to radically transform the practice and reach of medical research and care. For this study we collaborated with Quit Genius, a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) based mHealth app that helps users quit smoking, to explore the effective design of a digital mHealth app; one that delivers important benefits to its users and helps them change their behaviors for a healthier lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: The specific aims of this study were to (1) explore the key role of CBT program progress, (2) examine the gamification design app elements that deliver significant benefits (ie, empowerment, well-being, inspiration) to users, (3) explore the effectiveness of these app elements to help users quit smoking or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, and (4) identify and describe any potential drivers and hindrances arising from the app design elements...
June 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Alex Toft, Rachel Taylor, Lee Claridge, Charlotte Clowes, James Ferguson, Jonathon Hind, Rebecca Jones, Patricia McClean, Patrick McKiernan, Marianne Samyn, Jane Coad
BACKGROUND: The period of transition from pediatric to adult services represents a time when young people need support, information, and appropriate care in order to successfully move. It is a period that is associated with nonadherence and disengagement with care. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of young liver transplant recipients transitioning to adult services and determine what they require in order to achieve a successful move. The research also explored the possibility of using a mobile phone application (app) as a tool to support transition...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Motolani Akinola, Luciana E Hebert, Brandon J Hill, Michael Quinn, Jane L Holl, Amy K Whitaker, Melissa L Gilliam
Young African American and Latina women aged 15 to 24 are more likely to adopt short-acting forms of contraception over long-acting reversible contraception. Mobile applications and other forms of digital media may be useful for providing adolescents with information about sexual and reproductive health both inside and outside of the health care setting. The miPlan app was designed in accordance with principles of user experience design, and its content was informed by the theory of planned behavior and the transtheoretical model of behavior change...
June 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Melvyn Zhang, JiangBo Ying, Guo Song, Daniel Ss Fung, Helen Smith
BACKGROUND: Cognitive biases refer to automatic attentional and interpretational tendencies, which could be retained by cognitive bias modification interventions. Cristea et al and Jones et al have published reviews (in 2016 and 2017 respectively) on the effectiveness of such interventions. The advancement of technologies such as electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) has led to them being harnessed for the delivery of cognitive bias modification. To date, at least eight studies have demonstrated the feasibility of mobile technologies for the delivery of cognitive bias modification...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Michelle Paradis, Ian Stiell, Katherine M Atkinson, Julien Guerinet, Yulric Sequeira, Laura Salter, Alan J Forster, Malia Sq Murphy, Kumanan Wilson
BACKGROUND: The Ottawa Ankle Rules, Ottawa Knee Rule, and Canadian C-Spine Rule-together known as The Ottawa Rules-are a set of internationally validated clinical decision rules developed to decrease unnecessary diagnostic imaging in the emergency department. In this study, we sought to develop and evaluate the use of a mobile app version of The Ottawa Rules. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine acceptability of The Ottawa Rules app among emergency department clinicians...
June 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Russell J McCulloh, Sarah D Fouquet, Joshua Herigon, Eric A Biondi, Brandan Kennedy, Ellen Kerns, Adrienne DePorre, Jessica L Markham, Y Raymond Chan, Krista Nelson, Jason G Newland
Objective: Implementing evidence-based practices requires a multi-faceted approach. Electronic clinical decision support (ECDS) tools may encourage evidence-based practice adoption. However, data regarding the role of mobile ECDS tools in pediatrics is scant. Our objective is to describe the development, distribution, and usage patterns of a smartphone-based ECDS tool within a national practice standardization project. Materials and Methods: We developed a smartphone-based ECDS tool for use in the American Academy of Pediatrics, Value in Inpatient Pediatrics Network project entitled "Reducing Excessive Variation in the Infant Sepsis Evaluation (REVISE)...
June 7, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Yuan Chen, Lvle Yang, Min Zhang, Jun Yang
PURPOSE: Cognition elaboration cues play critical roles in the innovation diffusion process of Internet innovative products. This paper aims to theorize and examine how central cognition elaboration cue and peripheral cognition elaboration cue impact users' continuance intention of mobile health applications in the context of the developing markets. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Applying the elaboration likelihood model as the basic theoretical framework, this paper proposed the hypotheses and research model to explore the internal formation mechanism of users' continuance intention of mobile health applications...
August 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Akane Sano, Sara Taylor, Andrew W McHill, Andrew Jk Phillips, Laura K Barger, Elizabeth Klerman, Rosalind Picard
BACKGROUND: Wearable and mobile devices that capture multimodal data have the potential to identify risk factors for high stress and poor mental health and to provide information to improve health and well-being. OBJECTIVE: We developed new tools that provide objective physiological and behavioral measures using wearable sensors and mobile phones, together with methods that improve their data integrity. The aim of this study was to examine, using machine learning, how accurately these measures could identify conditions of self-reported high stress and poor mental health and which of the underlying modalities and measures were most accurate in identifying those conditions...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Laura L Struik, Joan L Bottorff, Neill Bruce Baskerville, John L Oliffe
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone apps have emerged as a promising way to reach young adult smokers, given their high mobile phone ownership rates and openness to receiving cessation support via digital technologies. Although emerging evidence indicates that quit smoking apps are an effective way to reduce smoking among young adults, lacking is formative evaluative research that captures the perspectives of end-users. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to contribute insights toward understanding how young adults interact with the Crush the Crave (CTC) app, and how this interaction shapes young adults' smoking cessation experiences and practices, with consideration of the influence of gender...
June 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Puhong Zhang, Le Dong, Huan Chen, Yanling Chai, Jianbo Liu
BACKGROUND: Mobile health services are thriving in the field of maternal and child health in China due to expansions in the field of electronic health and the introduction of the two-child policy. There are numerous maternal and child health apps in computer stores, but the exact number of apps, number of downloads, and features of these apps is not known. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore the use of maternal and child health apps in Android and iOS app stores and to describe the key functional features of the most popular apps, with the purpose of providing insight into further research and development of maternal and child health mobile health products...
June 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Tabor E Flickinger, Claire DeBolt, Alice Xie, Alison Kosmacki, Marika Grabowski, Ava Lena Waldman, George Reynolds, Mark Conaway, Wendy F Cohn, Karen Ingersoll, Rebecca Dillingham
Stigma has negative consequences for quality of life and HIV care outcomes. PositiveLinks is a mobile health intervention that includes a secure anonymous community message board (CMB). We investigated discussion of stigma and changes in stigma scores. Of 77 participants in our pilot, 63% were male, 49% Black, and 72% had incomes below the federal poverty level. Twenty-one percent of CMB posts (394/1834) contained stigma-related content including negative (experiencing stigma) and positive (overcoming stigma) posts addressing intrapersonal and interpersonal stigma...
June 7, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
Katarzyna Stawarz, Chris Preist, Debbie Tallon, Nicola Wiles, David Coyle
BACKGROUND: Hundreds of mental health apps are available to the general public. With increasing pressures on health care systems, they offer a potential way for people to support their mental health and well-being. However, although many are highly rated by users, few are evidence-based. Equally, our understanding of what makes apps engaging and valuable to users is limited. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to analyze functionality and user opinions of mobile apps purporting to support cognitive behavioral therapy for depression and to explore key factors that have an impact on user experience and support engagement...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Amy M Bauer, Sarah Hodsdon, Jared M Bechtel, John C Fortney
BACKGROUND: Despite a proliferation of patient-facing mobile apps for mental disorders, there is little literature guiding efforts to incorporate mobile tools into clinical care delivery and integrate patient-generated data into care processes for patients with complex psychiatric disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to seek to gain an understanding of how to incorporate a patient-provider mobile health (mHealth) platform to support the delivery of integrated primary care-based mental health services (Collaborative Care) to rural patients with posttraumatic stress disorder and/or bipolar disorder...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Robert D Furberg, Alexa M Ortiz, Rebecca R Moultrie, Melissa Raspa, Anne C Wheeler, Lauren A McCormack, Donald B Bailey
BACKGROUND: Challenges in the clinical and research consent process indicate the need to develop tailored, supportive interventions for all individuals, especially those with limited decisional capacity. We developed a tool to enhance shared decision making and the decisional capacity for individuals with fragile X syndrome engaged in the informed consent process for a clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: We describe the design and development process of a tablet-based decision support tool...
June 6, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Kazutoshi Fujibayashi, Hiromizu Takahashi, Mika Tanei, Yuki Uehara, Hirohide Yokokawa, Toshio Naito
BACKGROUND: Influenza infections can spread rapidly, and influenza outbreaks are a major public health concern worldwide. Early detection of signs of an influenza pandemic is important to prevent global outbreaks. Development of information and communications technologies for influenza surveillance, including participatory surveillance systems involving lay users, has recently increased. Many of these systems can estimate influenza activity faster than the conventional influenza surveillance systems...
June 6, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Amy D Nguyen, Lauren J Frensham, Melissa T Baysari, Jane E Carland, Richard O Day
Background: Chronic disease patients are adopting self-management techniques, such as using mobile health applications (apps). As GPs are the main caregivers of chronic disease patients, obtaining GP perspectives regarding patient use of mobile health apps is vital in understanding longer term value and feasibility of these apps. Objective: The aim was to determine GP perceptions of their current and potential roles in the use of health apps by their patients and how patient-focused apps affect patient management...
June 5, 2018: Family Practice
Santiago Hors-Fraile, Francine Schneider, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Francisco Luna-Perejon, Anton Civit, Dimitris Spachos, Panagiotis Bamidis, Hein de Vries
BACKGROUND: Smoking is one of the most avoidable health risk factors, and yet the quitting success rates are low. The usage of tailored health messages to support quitting has been proved to increase quitting success rates. Technology can provide convenient means to deliver tailored health messages. Health recommender systems are information-filtering algorithms that can choose the most relevant health-related items-for instance, motivational messages aimed at smoking cessation-for each user based on his or her profile...
June 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
Palinee Detsomboonrat, Pagaporn Pantuwadee Pisarnturakit
INTRODUCTION: Surveying oral health at the community level should be done at regular intervals. Dental health personnel must assess the oral health status and needs of the community through the collection and interpretation of reliable health information. Thus, the aims of this study were (1) to develop a mobile application for oral health surveys, (2) to analyze the oral status of school children in Bangkok using the newly developed application, and (3) to evaluate user satisfaction with using the Oral Health Survey Mobile Application (OHSMA)...
June 5, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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