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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643991/sleep-duration-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-adolescents-a-school-based-survey
#1
Chantal Stheneur, Marc Sznajder, Camille Spiry, Marianna Marcu Marin, Idir Ghout, Patricia Samb, Grégoire Benoist
BACKGROUND: The main objective of this study was to assess the link between sleep duration, quality of life and depression in adolescents. The secondary objective was to study the sleeping behavior of a large sample of adolescents from different socioeconomic backgrounds. METHODS: Study subjects were high school students studying in or around Paris with a general, vocational or technological training background. A survey was conducted to evaluate the subject's perception of their own sleep, quality of life and depression...
June 22, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643400/a-study-of-regulatory-policies-and-relevant-issues-concerning-electronic-cigarette-use-in-taiwan
#2
Tzuu Hwa Jiang, Li Min Cheng, Matthew A Hawkins
Recent technological innovations have increased the amount of tobacco products available to smokers. In particular, electronic cigarettes, sometimes call e-cigarettes, have received substantial attention as their sales have rapidly increased. Electronic cigarettes were invented in China and now have become prevalent worldwide. Electronic cigarettes can be considered fashionable and come in numerous flavors; accordingly, many young adults and students have begun to use e-cigarettes. However, like traditional tobacco products, e-cigarettes have negative influences on human health...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641502/ordering-theories-typologies-and-conceptual-frameworks-for-sociotechnical-change
#3
Benjamin K Sovacool, David J Hess
What theories or concepts are most useful at explaining socio technical change? How can - or cannot - these be integrated? To provide an answer, this study presents the results from 35 semi-structured research interviews with social science experts who also shared more than two hundred articles, reports and books on the topic of the acceptance, adoption, use, or diffusion of technology. This material led to the identification of 96 theories and conceptual approaches spanning 22 identified disciplines. The article begins by explaining its research terms and methods before honing in on a combination of fourteen theories deemed most relevant and useful by the material...
June 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639979/multi-options-an-innovative-course-delivery-methodology
#4
Stacie J Elder
Multi-Options is a teaching methodology that allows students to choose the format in which they will attend class. Weekly, they have the choice of attending the face-to-face session, joining synchronously online, or viewing the class asynchronously online at their convenience. Each choice has its own requirements developed to keep the workload uniform for all students. Advantages include conservation of faculty, avoiding the cancellation of poorly populated classes, promoting student independence, and allowing for maximum student flexibility regarding learning style, scheduling needs, and lifestyle...
June 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637740/tablet-computers-versus-optical-aids-to-support-education-and-learning-in-children-and-young-people-with-low-vision-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-create-children-reading-with-electronic-assistance-to-educate
#5
Michael D Crossland, Rachel Thomas, Hilary Unwin, Seelam Bharani, Vijaya K Gothwal, Ana Quartilho, Catey Bunce, Annegret Dahlmann-Noor
INTRODUCTION: Low vision and blindness adversely affect education and independence of children and young people. New 'assistive' technologies such as tablet computers can display text in enlarged font, read text out to the user, allow speech input and conversion into typed text, offer document and spreadsheet processing and give access to wide sources of information such as the internet. Research on these devices in low vision has been limited to case series. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will carry out a pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the feasibility of a full RCT of assistive technologies for children/young people with low vision...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636770/a-technology-training-protocol-for-meeting-qsen-goals-focusing-on-meaningful-learning
#6
Shuhong Luo, Melanie Kalman
The purpose of this paper is to describe and discuss how we designed and developed a 12-step technology training protocol. The protocol is meant to improve meaningful learning in technology education so that nursing students are able to meet the informatics requirements of Quality and Safety Education in Nursing competencies. When designing and developing the training protocol, we used a simplified experiential learning model that addressed the core features of meaningful learning: to connect new knowledge with students' prior knowledge and real-world workflow...
June 21, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632444/the-structural-consequences-of-big-data-driven-education
#7
Elana Zeide
Educators and commenters who evaluate big data-driven learning environments focus on specific questions: whether automated education platforms improve learning outcomes, invade student privacy, and promote equality. This article puts aside separate unresolved-and perhaps unresolvable-issues regarding the concrete effects of specific technologies. It instead examines how big data-driven tools alter the structure of schools' pedagogical decision-making, and, in doing so, change fundamental aspects of America's education enterprise...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630958/a-questionnaire-on-the-use-of-digital-denture-impressions-in-a-preclinical-setting
#8
Kerstin Wegner, Karin Michel, Paul Henryk Seelbach, Bernd Wöstmann
Since February 2010, intraoral scanning (Lava COS system, 3M ESPE, Seefeld, Germany) has been integrated into the preclinical curriculum at the Department of Prosthodontics of the Justus Liebig University. All students were given a lecture and were trained using a guided scan exercise. After preparing three teeth (mandibular first premolars and mandibular first molar in the 4th quadrant) for cast crowns, the students were asked to scan the maxillary and mandibular teeth. Their acceptance of the new module, "Scanning," was analyzed with the use of a questionnaire (n = 108)...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628384/-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-may-promote-walking-discourage-sedentary-behavior-in-college-students
#9
Jacob E Barkley, Andrew Lepp, Ellen L Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To assess self-reported walking and sedentary behavior in young adults before and after downloading "Pokémon Go!". MATERIALS AND METHODS: In September 2016, a sample of 358 (19.8 ± 2.1 years old, n = 187 females) college students who had downloaded "Pokémon Go!" on their cellular telephones (i.e., cell phones) were surveyed for weekly walking and sedentary behavior via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A single interview was administered to participants who estimated their walking and sedentary behavior at three time points: the week immediately preceding their download of "Pokémon Go!" (Baseline), the first week after downloading the game (Time 1), and the week the survey was completed (Time 2)...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627685/metabolomic-analysis-based-on-1h-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-metabolic-profiles-in-tuberculous-malignant-and-transudative-pleural-effusion
#10
Cheng Wang, Jingjin Peng, Yanling Kuang, Jiaqiang Zhang, Luming Dai
Pleural effusion is a common clinical manifestation with various causes. Current diagnostic and therapeutic methods have exhibited numerous limitations. By involving the analysis of dynamic changes in low molecular weight catabolites, metabolomics has been widely applied in various types of disease and have provided platforms to distinguish many novel biomarkers. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are few studies regarding the metabolic profiling for pleural effusion. In the current study, 58 pleural effusion samples were collected, among which 20 were malignant pleural effusions, 20 were tuberculous pleural effusions and 18 were transudative pleural effusions...
June 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621409/hefzibah-eyal-giladi-1925-2017-over-fifty-years-of-embryological-research-in-israel
#11
Oded Khaner
Hefzibah Eyal-Giladi was a creative and innovative pioneering scientist in the creation of the field of early chick embryo development. She had a sharp thinking and enthusiastic attitude, which enabled her to make a deep impression that was highly valued by the general scientific community. Notably, she was a highly successful female researcher in an era which was dominated by male scientists. Her unique personality and keen intellect enabled her to break these borders in a most successful manner. The experiments conducted by her personally, her students and her collaborators served to provide the basic knowledge and paradigms for future scientists in the field, also paving the way for discoveries in other vertebrate model systems...
2017: International Journal of Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620330/can-i-work-with-and-help-others-in-this-field-how-communal-goals-influence-interest-and-participation-in-stem-fields
#12
REVIEW
Kathryn L Boucher, Melissa A Fuesting, Amanda B Diekman, Mary C Murphy
Although science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines as a whole have made advances in gender parity and greater inclusion for women, these increases have been smaller or nonexistent in computing and engineering compared to other fields. In this focused review, we discuss how stereotypic perceptions of computing and engineering influence who enters, stays, and excels in these fields. We focus on communal goal incongruity-the idea that some STEM disciplines like engineering and computing are perceived as less aligned with people's communal goals of collaboration and helping others...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616875/stakeholders-qualitative-perspectives-of-effective-telepractice-pedagogy-in-speech-language-pathology
#13
Megan S Overby
BACKGROUND: Academic programmes in speech-language pathology are increasingly providing telehealth/telepractice clinical education to students. Despite this growth, there is little information describing effective ways to teach it. AIMS: The current exploratory study analyzed the perceptions of speech-language pathology/therapy (SLP/SLT) faculty, student and SLP/SLT clinicians to ascertain effective pedagogical approaches for telepractice service delivery, rank the relative importance of telepractice skills and knowledge competencies, and define any pedagogical challenges to teaching them...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612599/tobacco-use-prevention-for-the-young-tupy-s-development-validity-and-reliability-of-an-interactive-multimedia-strategy-from-the-adolescents%C3%A2-perspective-in-malaysia
#14
Faridah Mohd Zin, Azlin Hilma Hillaluddin, Jamaludin Mustaffa
Objective: This study aims to develop, validate and determine the reliability of an interactive multimedia strategy to prevent tobacco use among the young (TUPY-S) from an adolescents’ perspective. Methods: A descriptive study design was utilized. A modular instruction guideline by Russel (1974) was followed in the entire process, comprising a feasibility study, a review of existing modules, specification of the objectives, identification of the construct criterion items, learner analysis and entry behavior specification, establishment of the sequence instruction and media selection, a tryout with students and a field test...
May 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612388/dermatopathology-education-in-the-era-of-modern-technology
#15
REVIEW
Neda Shahriari, Jane Grant-Kels, Michael J Murphy
Continuing technological advances are inevitably impacting the study and practice of dermatopathology. We are seeing the transition from glass slide microscopy to virtual microscopy, which is serving both as an accessible educational medium for medical students, residents and fellows in the form of online databases and atlases, as well as a research tool to better inform us regarding the development of visual diagnostic expertise. Expansion in mobile technology is simplifying slide image attainment and providing greater opportunities for phone- and tablet-based microscopy, including teledermatopathology instruction and consultation in resource-poor areas with lack of specialists...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612324/assessing-the-feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-an-app-in-improving-knowledge-on-oral-cancer-an-interventional-study
#16
Prajna Pramod Nayak, Sushma S Nayak, Deepicca Sathiyabalan, N K Aditya, Priyanjana Das
Although current oral health care initiatives have proved to be quite successful, a great number of individuals are unaware of how their choice of daily activities compromises their oral health. That is why newer technologies like WhatsApp can definitely serve as a platform to communicate dental advice, thereby strengthening the bridge between health and technology. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of WhatsApp as a tool for providing health education on tobacco and oral cancer as compared to the conventional health education via PowerPoint...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606894/developing-a-curriculum-for-information-and-communications-technology-use-in-global-health-research-and-training-a-qualitative-study-among-chinese-health-sciences-graduate-students
#17
Zhenyu Ma, Li Yang, Lan Yang, Kaiyong Huang, Hongping Yu, Huimin He, Jiaji Wang, Le Cai, Jie Wang, Hua Fu, Lisa Quintiliani, Robert H Friedman, Jian Xiao, Abu S Abdullah
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of information and communications technology (ICT) during the last decade has transformed biomedical and population-based research and has become an essential part of many types of research and educational programs. However, access to these ICT resources and the capacity to use them in global health research are often lacking in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) institutions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to assess the practical issues (ie, perceptions and learning needs) of ICT use among health sciences graduate students at 6 major medical universities of southern China...
June 12, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606230/-a-survey-of-pubertal-development-in-children-born-with-assisted-reproductive-technology
#18
Zi-Yuan Liu, Xin-Li Wang, Tong-Yan Han, Yun-Pu Cui, Xue-Mei Wang, Xiao-Mei Tong, Yi Song, Hai-Jun Wang, Song Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status of pubertal development in children born with assisted reproductive technology (ART). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the pubertal development data of children born with ART in Peking University Third Hospital from 1994 to 2003 (ART group). The data in the cross-sectional study "Reports on the Physical Fitness and Health Research of Chinese School Students in 2010" were used as a control. The age at menarche and the age at spermarche were compared between the two groups...
June 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602100/using-chembl-web-services-for-building-applications-and-data-processing-workflows-relevant-to-drug-discovery
#19
Michał M Nowotka, Anna Gaulton, David Mendez, A Patricia Bento, Anne Hersey, Andrew Leach
ChEMBL is a manually curated database of bioactivity data on small drug-like molecules, used by drug discovery scientists. Among many access methods, a REST API provides programmatic access, allowing the remote retrieval of ChEMBL data and its integration into other applications. This approach allows scientists to move from a world where they go to the ChEMBL web site to search for relevant data, to one where ChEMBL data can be simply integrated into their everyday tools and work environment. Areas covered: This review highlights some of the audiences who may benefit from using the ChEMBL API, and the goals they can address, through the description of several use cases...
June 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588956/gender-disparities-in-the-experience-effects-and-reporting-of-electronic-aggression-among-secondary-school-students-in-nigeria
#20
Adesola O Olumide, Emmanuel Adebayo, Babatunde Oluwagbayela
BACKGROUND: Electronic aggression is the use of electronic communication technologies to harass others. It is a problem among adolescents and young people worldwide. There is a dearth of information on this problem in developing countries in spite of the increasing use of electronic media technology in these countries. OBJECTIVE: To explore gender differences in the prevalence, effects and reporting of electronic aggression among secondary school students in Oyo state, Nigeria...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
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