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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447894/strategic-resource-use-for-learning-a-self-administered-intervention-that-guides-self-reflection-on-effective-resource-use-enhances-academic-performance
#1
Patricia Chen, Omar Chavez, Desmond C Ong, Brenda Gunderson
Many educational policies provide learners with more resources (e.g., new learning activities, study materials, or technologies), but less often do they address whether students are using these resources effectively. We hypothesized that making students more self-reflective about how they should approach their learning with the resources available to them would improve their class performance. We designed a novel Strategic Resource Use intervention that students could self-administer online and tested its effects in two cohorts of a college-level introductory statistics class...
April 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437475/the-school-malaise-trap-program-coupling-educational-outreach-with-scientific-discovery
#2
Dirk Steinke, Vanessa Breton, Emily Berzitis, Paul D N Hebert
The School Malaise Trap Program (SMTP) provides a technologically sophisticated and scientifically relevant educational experience that exposes students to the diversity of life, enhancing their understanding of biodiversity while promoting environmental stewardship. Since 2013, the SMTP has allowed 15,000 students at 350 primary and secondary schools to explore insect diversity in Canadian schoolyards. Students at each school collected hundreds of insects for an analysis of DNA sequence variation that enabled their rapid identification to a species...
April 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436090/using-augmented-reality-to-teach-and-learn-biochemistry
#3
Juan Carlos Vega Garzón, Marcio Luiz Magrini, Eduardo Galembeck
Understanding metabolism and metabolic pathways constitutes one of the central aims for students of biological sciences. Learning metabolic pathways should be focused on the understanding of general concepts and core principles. New technologies such Augmented Reality (AR) have shown potential to improve assimilation of biochemistry abstract concepts because students can manipulate 3D molecules in real time. Here we describe an application named Augmented Reality Metabolic Pathways (ARMET), which allowed students to visualize the 3D molecular structure of substrates and products, thus perceiving changes in each molecule...
April 23, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434251/a-mock-randomized-controlled-trial-with-audience-response-technology-for-teaching-and-learning-epidemiology
#4
Philip R A Baker, Daniel P Francis, Abby Cathcart
The study's objective was to apply and assess an active learning approach to epidemiology and critical appraisal. Active learning comprised a mock, randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted with learners in 3 countries. The mock trial consisted of blindly eating red Smarties candy (intervention) compared to yellow Smarties (control) to determine whether red Smarties increase happiness. Audience response devices were employed with the 3-fold purposes to produce outcome data for analysis of the effects of red Smarties, identify baseline and subsequent changes in participant's knowledge and confidence in understanding of RCTs, and assess the teaching approach...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434092/cyberbullying-victimization-and-adolescent-mental-health-evidence-of-differential-effects-by-sex-and-mental-health-problem-type
#5
Soyeon Kim, Scott R Colwell, Anna Kata, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades
The use of electronic communication technologies has become a core method for adolescent communication. While there are many benefits to such technologies, cyberbullying has emerged as a potential harm. This study examines the association between cyberbullying and adolescent mental health problems and the extent to which this association differs by sex and mental health problem type. A clustered sample of 31,148 students in grades 6-12 (Female = 51.9%; 56.5% Caucasian, 10.2% South Asian) completed an anonymous survey asking their frequency of exposure to traditional forms of bullying, cyberbullying, and experiences of mental health problems over the past 6 months...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432039/simulation-training-evaluating-the-instructor-s-contribution-to-a-wizard-of-oz-simulator-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-ultrasound-training
#6
Aric Katz, Ronnie Tepper, Avraham Shtub
BACKGROUND: Workplaces today demand graduates who are prepared with field-specific knowledge, advanced social skills, problem-solving skills, and integration capabilities. Meeting these goals with didactic learning (DL) is becoming increasingly difficult. Enhanced training methods that would better prepare tomorrow's graduates must be more engaging and game-like, such as feedback based e-learning or simulation-based training, while saving time. Empirical evidence regarding the effectiveness of advanced learning methods is lacking...
April 21, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428952/usefulness-and-capability-of-three-dimensional-full-high-definition-movies-for-surgical-education
#7
M Takano, K Kasahara, K Sugahara, A Watanabe, S Yoshida, T Shibahara
BACKGROUND: Because of changing surgical procedures in the fields of oral and maxillofacial surgery, new methods for surgical education are needed and could include recent advances in digital technology. Many doctors have attempted to use digital technology as educational tools for surgical training, and movies have played an important role in these attempts. We have been using a 3D full high-definition (full-HD) camcorder to record movies of intra-oral surgeries. METHOD: The subjects were medical students and doctors receiving surgical training who did not have actual surgical experience (n = 67)...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428156/user-interest-in-digital-health-technologies-to-encourage-physical-activity-results-of-a-survey-in-students-and-staff-of-a-german-university
#8
Annett Salzwedel, Sophie Rabe, Thomas Zahn, Julia Neuwirth, Sarah Eichler, Kathrin Haubold, Anne Wachholz, Rona Reibis, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits for health of physical activity (PA) are well documented, the majority of the population is unable to implement present recommendations into daily routine. Mobile health (mHealth) apps could help increase the level of PA. However, this is contingent on the interest of potential users. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was the explorative, nuanced determination of the interest in mHealth apps with respect to PA among students and staff of a university...
April 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423814/ubiquitous-adoption-of-innovative-and-supportive-information-and-communications-technology-across-health-and-social-care-needs-education-for-clinicians
#9
Paula M Procter
The paper presents the development, use and evaluation of an on-line undergraduate module delivering an academic-led programme of eHealth learning within nursing, midwifery, allied health professional and social work courses. The health information technology competency frameworks are explored along with an overview of the resulting module. The need for an academically led module will be made along with a description of the management required to maintain validity of content materials. A review of student evaluations will be presented...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419715/a-survey-on-faculty-perspectives-on-the-transition-to-a-biochemistry-course-based-undergraduate-research-experience-laboratory
#10
Paul A Craig
It will always remain a goal of an undergraduate biochemistry laboratory course to engage students hands-on in a wide range of biochemistry laboratory experiences. In 2006, our research group initiated a project for in silico prediction of enzyme function based only on the 3D coordinates of the more than 3800 proteins "of unknown function" in the Protein Data Bank, many of which resulted from the Protein Structure Initiative. Students have used the ProMOL plugin to the PyMOL molecular graphics environment along with BLAST, Pfam, and Dali to predict protein functions...
April 16, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419501/stakeholders-views-of-the-introduction-of-assistive-technology-in-the-classroom-how-family-centred-is-australian-practice-for-students-with-cerebral-palsy
#11
P Karlsson, C Johnston, K Barker
BACKGROUND: With family-centred care widely recognized as a cornerstone for effective assistive technology service provision, the current study was undertaken to investigate to what extent such approaches were used by schools when assistive technology assessments and implementation occurred in the classroom. METHOD: In this cross-sectional study, we compare survey results from parents (n = 76), school staff (n = 33) and allied health professionals (n = 65) with experience in the use of high-tech assistive technology...
April 17, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415852/internal-health-locus-of-control-predicts-willingness-to-track-health-behaviors-online-and-with-smartphone-applications-%C3%A2
#12
Brooke L Bennett, Carly M Goldstein, Emily C Gathright, Joel W Hughes, Janet D Latner
Given rising technology use across all demographic groups, digital interventions offer a potential strategy for increasing access to health information and care. Research is lacking on identifying individual differences that impact willingness to use digital interventions, which may affect patient engagement. Health locus of control, the amount of control an individual believes they have over their own health, may predict willingness to use mobile health (mHealth) applications ('apps') and online trackers. A cross-sectional study (n = 276) was conducted to assess college students' health locus of control beliefs and willingness to use health apps and online trackers...
April 17, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414867/basic-education-mexican-teachers-knowledge-of-biotechnology-and-attitudes-about-the-consumption-of-genetically-modified-foods
#13
Zacarías Jiménez-Salas, Eduardo Campos-Góngora, Blanca E González-Martínez, Alexandra Tijerina-Sáenz, Angélica D Escamilla-Méndez, Erik Ramírez-López
Over the past few years, a new research field has emerged, focusing on the social-scientific criteria for the study of opinions toward genetically modified foods (GMFs), since these may be limiting factors for the success or failure of these products. Basic education is the first step in the Mexican education system, and teachers may wield an outsized influence on the attitudes and preferences of children, prospective future consumers of these products. To better understand the current state of knowledge of biotechnology issues and opinions toward the consumption of GMF of Mexican teachers, a questionnaire was distributed, and 362 Mexican teachers of basic education responded...
April 16, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411714/evaluating-the-venous-experience-in-vascular-surgery-training
#14
Michael C Siah, Steven D Abramowitz, Paul Haser, John Ricotta, Edward Y Woo, Robyn Macsata
OBJECTIVE: There is an increasing recognition and treatment of venous disease in the United States; results of the Society for Vascular Surgery 2014 membership survey showed that venous disease represents 18.8% of a vascular surgeon's current practice. Despite this, there are no operative objectives or case requirements specific to venous disease for vascular surgery trainees. The objective of this study was to examine the current venous surgical training experience of graduating vascular surgery trainees...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409526/the-impact-of-coat-protein-mediated-virus-resistance-in-applied-plant-pathology-and-basic-research
#15
John A Lindbo, Bryce W Falk
Worldwide, plant viruses cause serious reductions in marketable crop yield and in some cases even plant death. In most cases, the most effective way to control virus diseases is through genetically controlled resistance. However, developing virus-resistant (VR) crops through traditional breeding can take many years, and in some cases is not even possible. Because of this, the demonstration of the first VR transgenic plants in 1985 generated much attention. This seminal report served as an inflection point for research in both basic and applied plant pathology, the results of which have dramatically changed both basic research and in a few cases, commercial crop production...
April 14, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408407/using-next-generation-sequencing-to-explore-genetics-and-race-in-the-high-school-classroom
#16
Xinmiao Yang, Mark R Hartman, Kristin T Harrington, Candice M Etson, Matthew B Fierman, Donna K Slonim, David R Walt
With the development of new sequencing and bioinformatics technologies, concepts relating to personal genomics play an increasingly important role in our society. To promote interest and understanding of sequencing and bioinformatics in the high school classroom, we developed and implemented a laboratory-based teaching module called "The Genetics of Race." This module uses the topic of race to engage students with sequencing and genetics. In the experimental portion of this module, students isolate their own mitochondrial DNA using standard biotechnology techniques and collect next-generation sequencing data to determine which of their classmates are most and least genetically similar to themselves...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406103/remote-online-case-based-learning-a-comparison-of-remote-online-and-face-to-face-case-based-learning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Peter Nicklen, Jenny L Keating, Sophie Paynter, Michael Storr, Stephen Maloney
BACKGROUND: Case-based learning (CBL) is an educational approach where students work in small, collaborative groups to solve problems. Computer assisted learning (CAL) is the implementation of computer technology in education. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a remote-online CBL (RO-CBL) with traditional face-to-face CBL on learning the outcomes of undergraduate physiotherapy students. METHODS: Participants were randomized to either the control (face-to-face CBL) or to the CAL intervention (RO-CBL)...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402432/educational-outcomes-of-a-medical-physicist-program-over-the-past-10%C3%A2-years-in-japan
#18
Noriyuki Kadoya, Kumiko Karasawa, Iori Sumida, Hidetaka Arimura, Yasumasa Kakinohana, Shigeto Kabuki, Hajime Monzen, Teiji Nishio, Hiroki Shirato, Syogo Yamada
The promotion plan for the Platform of Human Resource Development for Cancer (Ganpro) was initiated by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan in 2007, establishing a curriculum for medical physicists. In this study, we surveyed the educational outcomes of the medical physicist program over the past 10 years since the initiation of Ganpro. The Japan Society of Medical Physics mailing list was used to announce this survey. The questionnaire was created by members of the Japanese Board for Medical Physicist Qualification, and was intended for the collection of information regarding the characteristics and career paths of medical physics students...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401705/a-3d-virtual-reality-ophthalmoscopy-trainer
#19
Andrew S Wilson, Jake O'Connor, Lewis Taylor, David Carruthers
BACKGROUND: Performing eye examinations is an important clinical skill that medical students often find difficult to become proficient in. This paper describes the development and evaluation of an innovative 3D virtual reality (VR) training application to support learning these skills. METHODS: The VR ophthalmoscope was developed by a clinical team and technologist using the unity game engine, smartphone and virtual reality headset. It has a series of tasks that include performing systematic eye examinations, identifying common eye pathologies and a knowledge quiz...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400991/computer-science-biology-and-biomedical-informatics-academy-outcomes-from-5-years-of-immersing-high-school-students-into-informatics-research
#20
EDITORIAL
Andrew J King, Arielle M Fisher, Michael J Becich, David N Boone
The University of Pittsburgh's Department of Biomedical Informatics and Division of Pathology Informatics created a Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) pipeline in 2011 dedicated to providing cutting-edge informatics research and career preparatory experiences to a diverse group of highly motivated high-school students. In this third editorial installment describing the program, we provide a brief overview of the pipeline, report on achievements of the past scholars, and present results from self-reported assessments by the 2015 cohort of scholars...
2017: Journal of Pathology Informatics
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