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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346524/-effects-of-a-primary-care-based-multifactorial-intervention-on-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-frail-elderly-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Laura Romera-Liebana, Francesc Orfila, Josep Maria Segura, Jordi Real, Maria Lluïsa Fabra, Mercedes Möller, Santiago Lancho, Anna Ramirez, Nuria Marti, Montserrat Cullell, Nuria Bastida, Dolors Martinez, Maria Giné, Patricia Cendrós, Anna Bistuer, Elena Perez, Maria Assumpta Fabregat, Gonçal Foz
Background: Detecting and managing frailty at early stages can prevent disability and other adverse outcomes. The study aim was to evaluate whether a multifactorial intervention program could modify physical and cognitive frailty parameters in elderly individuals. Methods: We conducted a multicenter, randomized, single-blind, parallel-group trial in community-living pre-frail/frail elderly individuals in Barcelona. A total of 352 patients, aged ≥65 years old with positive frailty screening, was randomized into two groups to receive a 12-week multidisciplinary intervention or usual care, with concealed allocation...
January 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346062/television-viewing-time-physical-activity-and-mortality-among-african-americans
#2
Tasnim F Imran, Mark Ommerborn, Cheryl Clark, Adolfo Correa, Patricia Dubbert, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
BACKGROUND: Prolonged television viewing time, a marker of sedentary activity, is independently associated with increased all-cause mortality; however, this association has rarely been studied in African Americans. The objective of our study was to examine the association between television viewing time and mortality among African Americans by using data from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). METHODS: We studied 5,289 participants from the JHS study who reported television viewing time (h/day) in the JHS baseline questionnaire from 2000 through 2004...
January 18, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345174/case-study-using-contemporary-behaviour-change-science-to-design-and-implement-an-effective-nutritional-intervention-within-professional-rugby-league
#3
Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton, Ben Jones
Designing and implementing successful dietary intervention is integral to the role of sport nutrition professionals as they attempt to positively change the dietary behaviour of athletes. High-performance sport is a time-pressured environment where immediate results can often supersede pursuit of the most effective evidence-based practice. However, efficacious dietary intervention necessitates comprehensive, systematic and theoretical behavioural design and implementation if the habitual dietary behaviours of athletes are to be positively changed...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338565/associations-of-the-lipid-genetic-variants-thr54-fabp2-and-493t-mttp-with-total-cholesterol-and-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels-in-mexican-subjects
#4
Karina Gonzalez-Becerra, Omar Ramos-Lopez, Mary Lolis Garcia-Cazarin, Elisa Barron-Cabrera, Arturo Panduro, Erika Martinez-Lopez
Objective Mexico has one of the world's highest rates of obesity, which is influenced by lipid-genetic and lifestyle factors. This study aimed to determine whether FABP2 (Ala54Thr) and MTTP (-493 G/T) genetic polymorphisms are associated with metabolic disorders in Mexican subjects. Methods A total of 523 subjects participated in a cross-sectional study. Genotyping for FABP2 and MTTP was performed using real-time RT-PCR. Biochemical and anthropometric data were evaluated. Results The genetically at-risk group (Thr54/-493T) was associated with significantly higher total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (difference between genetically at-risk group and wild-type group: 10...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334556/decoding-grade-b-pancreatic-fistula-a-clinical-and-economical-analysis-and-subclassification-proposal
#5
Laura Maggino, Giuseppe Malleo, Claudio Bassi, Valentina Allegrini, Matthew T McMillan, Alex Borin, Bofeng Chen, Jeffrey A Drebin, Brett L Ecker, Douglas L Fraker, Major K Lee, Salvatore Paiella, Robert E Roses, Roberto Salvia, Charles M Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe characteristics and management approaches for grade B pancreatic fistula (B-POPF) and investigate whether it segregates into distinct subclasses. BACKGROUND: The 2016 ISGPS refined definition of B-POPF is predicated on various postoperative management approaches, ranging from prolonged drainage to interventional procedures, but the spectrum of clinical severity within this entity is yet undefined. METHODS: Pancreatectomies performed at 2 institutions from 2007 to 2016 were reviewed to identify B-POPFs and their treatment strategies...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331538/differential-lipid-metabolism-outcomes-associated-with-adrb2-gene-polymorphisms-in-response-to-two-dietary-interventions-in-overweight-obese-subjects
#6
O Ramos-Lopez, J I Riezu-Boj, F I Milagro, L Goni, M Cuervo, J A Martinez
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A precise nutrigenetic management of hypercholesterolemia involves the understanding of the interactions between the individual's genotype and dietary intake. The aim of this study was to analyze the response to two dietary energy-restricted interventions on cholesterol changes in carriers of two ADRB2 polymorphisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 4-month nutritional intervention was conducted involving two different hypo-energetic diets based on low-fat (LF) and moderately high-protein (MHP) dietary patterns...
December 5, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324589/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-with-and-without-jejunal-extension-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#7
Martha M Kirstein, Sonja Körner, Andrea Schneider, Michael P Manns, Susanne Petri, Torsten Voigtländer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal degenerative disease of the motor nervous system, which is associated with severe loss of weight. Enteral nutrition through percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) or percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy with jejunal extension (PEG-J) is generally recommended upon disease progression. There is no standard endoscopic method that should preferentially be performed. The aim of this study was to compare the number of adverse events, complication-free survival (CFS), and overall survival (OS) in patients who received PEG or PEG-J...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316985/cognitive-enhancement-in-old-dogs-from-dietary-supplementation-with-a-nutrient-blend-containing-arginine-antioxidants-b-vitamins-and-fish-oil
#8
Yuanlong Pan, Adam D Kennedy, Thomas J Jönsson, Nortan W Milgram
This study focused on the hypothesis that cognitive decline in aged dogs could be attenuated by dietary supplementation with a nutrient blend consisting of antioxidants, B vitamins, fish oil and l-arginine, referred to hereafter as the Brain Protection Blend (BPB). Baseline cognitive assessment before the start of treatment was used to establish cognitively equivalent control (10·464+2·33 kg) and treatment (12·118+3·386 kg) groups of aged dogs between 9·1 and 11·5 years of age and with body condition score of 5...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314866/spearmint-extract-improves-working-memory-in-men-and-women-with-age-associated-memory-impairment
#9
Kelli A Herrlinger, Kristin M Nieman, Kristen D Sanoshy, Brenda A Fonseca, Joanne A Lasrado, Arianne L Schild, Kevin C Maki, Keith A Wesnes, Michael A Ceddia
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of supplementation with a spearmint (Mentha spicata L.) extract, high in polyphenols including rosmarinic acid, on cognitive performance, sleep, and mood in individuals with age-associated memory impairment (AAMI). DESIGN: Subjects with AAMI (N = 90; 67% female; age = 59.4 ± 0.6 years) were randomly assigned (n = 30/group) to consume 900, 600, or 0 mg/day (two capsules, once daily) spearmint extract for 90 days, in this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311038/changes-in-energy-intake-and-diet-quality-during-an-18-month-weight-management-randomized-controlled-trial-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities
#10
Lauren T Ptomey, Felicia L Steger, Jaehoon Lee, Debra K Sullivan, Jeannine R Goetz, Jeffery J Honas, Richard A Washburn, Cheryl A Gibson, Joseph E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) are at risk for poor diet quality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this secondary analysis was to determine whether two different weight-loss diets affect energy intake, macronutrient intake, and diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) during a 6-month weight-loss period and 12-month weight-management period, and to examine differences in energy intake, macronutrient intake, and HEI-2010 between groups...
January 6, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300423/effects-of-low-dose-dairy-protein-plus-micronutrient-supplementation-during-resistance-exercise-on-muscle-mass-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
S Seino, K Sumi, M Narita, Y Yokoyama, K Ashida, A Kitamura, S Shinkai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether supplementation with low-dose dairy protein plus micronutrients augments the effects of resistance exercise (RE) on muscle mass and physical performance compared with RE alone among older adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tokyo, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two community-dwelling older adults (mean age, 73.5 years) were randomly allocated to an RE plus dairy protein and micronutrient supplementation group or an RE only group (n = 41 each)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300415/physical-performance-and-serum-25-oh-vitamin-d-status-in-community-dwelling-old-mobility-limited-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Å von Berens, T Cederholm, R A Fielding, T Gustafsson, D Kirn, J Laussen, M Nydahl, T G Travison, K Reid, A Koochek
OBJECTIVES: To examine the potential association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D and the performance on the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) including the sub-components; five repeated chair stands test, 4 meters walk test and balance in older mobility-limited community-dwelling men and women. DESIGN: A cross sectional study was performed in American and Swedish subjects who were examined for potential participation in a combined exercise and nutrition intervention trial...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289624/laparoscopic-approach-for-shull-repair-of-pelvic-floor-defects
#13
Stefano Restaino, Carlo Ronsini, Angelo Finelli, Alessandro Santarelli, Giovanni Scambia, Francesco Fanfani
Study Objective To prove the feasibility of Shull technique by a laparoscopy approach in patient affected by pelvic organ prolapse (POP) with apical loss of support. Design A step-by-step demonstration of the technique in a surgical video, including the fundamental steps for a laparoscopic uterosacral ligament suspension (USLS) (Canadian Task Force Classification III). Setting According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, approximately 3% of women in the United States report symptoms linked to POP...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285616/correlation-between-the-skeletal-muscle-index-and-surgical-outcomes-of-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#14
Kenta Sui, Takehiro Okabayshi, Jun Iwata, Sojiro Morita, Tatsuaki Sumiyoshi, Tatsuo Iiyama, Yasuhiro Shimada
PURPOSES: Sarcopenia is known to be associated with a worse prognosis following abdominal operations; however, the relationship between sarcopenia and the outcomes of pancreaticoduodenectomy remains unclear. MATERIALS: We measured body composition parameters, including total abdominal muscle area, using preoperative staging computed tomography (CT), in patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary cancer. The incidence of sarcopenia among these patients was evaluated and multivariable analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of postoperative pancreatic fistula...
December 28, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285339/medium-chain-acyl-coa-dehydrogenase-deficiency-in-a-premature-infant
#15
Steven F Dobrowolski, Lina Ghaloul-Gonzalez, Jerry Vockley
Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is identified by newborn screening (NBS). The natural history of MCADD includes metabolic decompensation with hypoglycemia, hyperammonemia, seizures, coma, and death. NBS enables expectant management thus severe symptoms are rare in managed patients. We report premature birth of an MCADD affected infant and resultant management challenges. Nutritional support advanced from parenteral nutrition at 24 hours to enteral feeds. A NBS sample was collected day 2, positive results for MCADD was reported day six, and diagnostic tests were performed day seven...
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282203/a-low-fat-dietary-pattern-and-diabetes-a-secondary-analysis-from-the-women-s-health-initiative-dietary-modification-trial
#16
Barbara V Howard, Aaron K Aragaki, Lesley F Tinker, Matthew Allison, Melanie D Hingle, Karen C Johnson, JoAnn E Manson, Aladdin H Shadyab, James M Shikany, Linda G Snetselaar, Cynthia A Thomson, Oleg Zaslavsky, Ross L Prentice
OBJECTIVE: We performed a secondary analysis to evaluate the effect of the Women's Health Initiative dietary intervention on incident diabetes and diabetes treatment in postmenopausal women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 48,835 women were randomized to a comparison group or an intervention group that underwent a behavioral/nutritional modification program to decrease fat and increase vegetable, fruit, and grain intake for an average of 8.1 years. Ninety-three percent of participants completed the intervention, and 71% participated in active follow-up through 30 September 2015 (median 17...
December 27, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282129/dietary-patterns-plasma-vitamins-and-trans-fatty-acids-are-associated-with-peripheral-artery-disease
#17
Mohsen Mazidi, Nathan D Wong, Niki Katsiki, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Maciej Banach
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between dietary patterns (DP), plasma vitamins and trans fatty acids (TFAs) with the likelihood of peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data for the years 1999-2002 were used. PAD was diagnosed by ankle brachial index assessment. Plasma concentrations of vitamins were measured using high performance liquid chromatography. Vitamin D levels were measured by radioimmunoassay...
December 28, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280410/iron-balance-and-iron-supplementation-for-the-female-athlete-a-practical-approach
#18
Charles R Pedlar, Carlo Brugnara, Georgie Bruinvels, Richard Burden
Maintaining a positive iron balance is essential for female athletes to avoid the effects of iron deficiency and anaemia and to maintain or improve performance. A major function of iron is in the production of the oxygen and carbon dioxide carrying molecule, haemoglobin, via erythropoiesis. Iron balance is under the control of a number of factors including the peptide hormone hepcidin, dietary iron intake and absorption, environmental stressors (e.g. altitude), exercise, menstrual blood loss and genetics. Menstruating females, particularly those with heavy menstrual bleeding are at an elevated risk of iron deficiency...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279267/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2017-standards-of-practice-in-nutrition-care-and-standards-of-professional-performance-for-nutrition-and-dietetics-technicians-registered
#19
(no author information available yet)
Nutrition and dietetics technicians, registered (NDTRs) face complex situations every day. Competently addressing the unique needs of each situation and applying standards appropriately are essential to providing safe, timely patient-/client-/customer-centered quality nutrition and dietetics care and services. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy) leads the profession by developing standards that can be used by NDTRs (who are credentialed by the Commission on Dietetic Registration) for self-evaluation to assess quality of practice and performance...
December 23, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278920/muscle-weakness-and-functional-limitations-in-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-older-adults
#20
Ryan P McGrath, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Brenda M Vincent, William J Kraemer, Mark D Peterson
OBJECTIVES: Muscle weakness is often linked to functional limitations in older adults. However, certain demographic characteristics, such as ethnicity, may differentially impact the association between weakness and functional limitations. This investigation sought to (1) identify sex- and ethnically-specific muscle weakness thresholds associated with functional limitations among older adults, and (2) determine the odds of functional limitations for each ethnicity by sex after identifying older adults below the weakness thresholds...
December 26, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
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