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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202029/sustained-diabetes-risk-reduction-after-real-life-and-primary-health-care-setting-implementation-of-the-diabetes-in-europe-prevention-using-lifestyle-physical-activity-and-nutritional-intervention-de-plan-project
#1
Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Jaana Lindström, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Beata Piwońska-Solska, Roman Topór-Mądry, Zbigniew Szybiński, Markku Peltonen, Peter E H Schwarz, Adam Windak, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
BACKGROUND: Real life implementation studies performed in different settings and populations proved that lifestyle interventions in prevention of type 2 diabetes can be effective. However, little is known about long term results of these translational studies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the maintenance of diabetes type 2 risk factor reduction achieved 1 year after intervention and during 3 year follow-up in primary health care setting in Poland. METHODS: Study participants (n = 262), middle aged, slightly obese, with increased type 2 diabetes risk ((age 55...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193264/the-clinical-picture-of-cachexia-a-mosaic-of-different-parameters-experience-of-503-patients
#2
S Schwarz, O Prokopchuk, K Esefeld, S Gröschel, J Bachmann, S Lorenzen, H Friess, M Halle, M E Martignoni
BACKGROUND: Despite our growing knowledge about the pathomechanisms of cancer cachexia, a whole clinical picture of the cachectic patient is still missing. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical characteristics in cancer patients with and without cachexia to get the whole picture of a cachectic patient. METHODS: Cancer patients of the University Clinic "Klinikum rechts der Isar" with gastrointestinal, gynecological, hematopoietic, lung and some other tumors were offered the possibility to take part in the treatment concept including a nutrition intervention and an individual training program according to their capability...
February 14, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187344/evaluation-of-implementing-a-community-based-exercise-intervention-during-pregnancy
#3
Lene A H Haakstad, Birgitte Sanda, Ingvild Vistad, Linda Reme Sagedal, Hilde Lohne Seiler, Monica K Torstveit
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the implementation of a community-based exercise intervention (the Norwegian Fit for Delivery study) during pregnancy. DESIGN: descriptive, explorative. SETTING: healthcare clinics in southern Norway, including urban and rural settings. PARTICIPANTS: healthy, nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy of ≤20 gestational weeks, age ≥18 years and body mass index ≥19kg/m(2). METHODS: women were randomised to either twice-weekly supervised exercise sessions combined with nutritional counselling (n=303) or standard prenatal care (n=303)...
January 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184325/impact-of-health-promoting-educational-intervention-on-lifestyle-nutrition-behaviors-physical-activity-and-mental-health-related-to-vaginal-health-among-reproductive-aged-women-with-vaginitis
#4
Roxana Parsapure, Abbas Rahimiforushani, Fereshteh Majlessi, Ali Montazeri, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmarudi
BACKGROUND: Vaginitis is one of the most common diseases in reproductive-aged women (15 - 49 years of age). Side effects of vaginitis can affect other aspects of health, which could be prevented by promoting a healthy lifestyle related to vaginal health. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at determining the impact of health-promoting educational intervention on lifestyle (nutrition behaviors, physical activities, and mental health) related to vaginal health among reproductive-aged women with vaginitis...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#5
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173891/early-life-risk-exposure-and-stunting-in-urban-south-african-2-year-old-children
#6
W Slemming, J Kagura, H Saloojee, L M Richter
Stunting is a measure of overall nutritional status and is a major public health concern because of its association with child mortality and morbidity and later adult performance. This study examined the effects of pregnancy events, birth characteristics and infant risk exposure on stunting at age 2 years. The study, established in 1990 in Soweto, an urban South African township, included 1098 mother-infant pairs enroled in the Birth to Twenty Plus longitudinal birth cohort study. In total, 22% of children were stunted at age 2 years, with males at greater risk than females [24...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161527/a-systematic-review-of-prehabilitation-programs-in-abdominal-cancer-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Yasser Hijazi, Umair Gondal, Omer Aziz
INTRODUCTION: Prehabilitation programs aim to optimise patients in order to enhance post-operative recovery. This study aims to review the composition of prehabilitation programs for patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery and define the outcome measures that are used to evaluate this intervention. METHODS: A systematic literature review of all comparative studies on prehabilitation versus standard care in patients undergoing abdominal cancer surgery was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157670/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-facial-palsy-and-lifestyle-characteristics-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-2012
#8
Young-Soo Chang, Ji Eun Choi, Seon Woo Kim, Sun-Young Baek, Yang-Sun Cho
OBJECTIVES: To report the nationwide prevalence of facial palsy (FP) of grade III or worse in the House-Brackmann (H-B) grading system in South Korea and assess the associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of a nationwide health survey. SETTINGS: South Korea. METHODS: We obtained data from the 2010 to 2012 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys, which were cross-sectional surveys of the South Korean civilian population living in households and aged ≥1 year (N=23 533)...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156569/differences-in-self-care-behaviors-by-varying-levels-of-caregiving-intensity-performance-and-well-being-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-high-mortality-cancer
#9
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Betty Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Ann Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie Bakitas
: 239 Background: Family caregivers of high-mortality cancer patients perform vital tasks that deter from their own self-care. We aimed to determine differences in self-care behaviors by varying levels of caregiving intensity, well-being, and performance. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in community settings of 8 cancer centers in AL, FL, and TN. Two-hundred and ninety-four family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head & neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of self-care behaviors, including health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep; anxiety and depression; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); caregiver competence and preparedness; and decision-making self-efficacy...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145418/chronic-dietary-exposure-to-branched-chain-amino-acids-impairs-glucose-disposal-in-vegans-but-not-in-omnivores
#10
J Gojda, L Rossmeislová, R Straková, J Tůmová, M Elkalaf, M Jaček, P Tůma, J Potočková, E Krauzová, P Waldauf, J Trnka, V Štich, M Anděl
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Branched chain amino acids (BCAA) are among nutrients strongly linked with insulin sensitivity (IS) measures. We investigated the effects of a chronic increase of BCAA intake on IS in two groups of healthy subjects differing in their basal consumption of BCAA, that is, vegans and omnivores. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Eight vegans and eight matched omnivores (five men and three women in each group) received 15 g (women) or 20 g (men) of BCAA daily for 3 months...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145417/discounts-on-fruit-and-vegetables-combined-with-a-space-management-intervention-increased-sales-in-supermarkets
#11
U Toft, L L Winkler, B E Mikkelsen, P Bloch, C Glümer
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of two interventions on consumer purchases of fruits and vegetables (F&V) on the Danish island of Bornholm: a 20% discount on F&V combined with improved shelf-space allocation, and improved shelf-space allocation alone. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A space management intervention to promote F&V sales was performed in two large discount supermarkets on Bornholm in Denmark for 3 months (September-November 2012). In addition, a 20% discount on F&V was introduced for 3 months in one of the supermarkets ('space + price')...
February 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132725/sufficient-levels-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-protein-intake-required-to-increase-muscle-mass-in-sarcopenic-older-adults-the-provide-study
#12
Sjors Verlaan, Andrea B Maier, Jürgen M Bauer, Ivan Bautmans, Kirsten Brandt, Lorenzo M Donini, Marcello Maggio, Marion E T McMurdo, Tony Mets, Chris Seal, Sander L J Wijers, Cornel Sieber, Yves Boirie, Tommy Cederholm
BACKGROUND: Inadequate nutritional intake and altered response of aging muscles to anabolic stimuli from nutrients contribute to the development of sarcopenia. Nutritional interventions show inconsistent results in sarcopenic older adults, which might be influenced by their basal nutritional status. OBJECTIVE: To test if baseline serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and dietary protein intake influenced changes in muscle mass and function in older adults who received nutritional intervention...
January 17, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128283/a-uk-wide-cohort-study-describing-management-and-outcomes-for-infants-with-surgical-necrotising-enterocolitis
#13
Benjamin Allin, Anna-May Long, Amit Gupta, Marian Knight, Kokila Lakhoo
The Royal College of Surgeons have proposed using outcomes from necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) surgery for revalidation of neonatal surgeons. The aim of this study was therefore to calculate the number of infants in the UK/Ireland with surgical NEC and describe outcomes that could be used for national benchmarking and counselling of parents. A prospective nationwide cohort study of every infant requiring surgical intervention for NEC in the UK was conducted between 01/03/13 and 28/02/14. Primary outcome was mortality at 28-days...
January 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122930/changes-in-underlying-determinants-explain-rapid-increases-in-child-linear-growth-in-alive-thrive-study-areas-between-2010-and-2014-in-bangladesh-and-vietnam
#14
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Derek Headey, Edward A Frongillo, Lan Mai Tran, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
BACKGROUND: Child linear growth sometimes improves in both intervention and comparison groups in evaluations of nutrition interventions, possibly because of spillover intervention effects to nonintervention areas or improvements in underlying determinants of nutritional change in both areas. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand what changes in underlying socioeconomic characteristics and behavioral factors are important in explaining improvements in child linear growth...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119466/effects-of-the-dietary-protein-and-carbohydrate-ratio-on-gut-microbiomes-in-dogs-of-different-body-conditions
#15
Qinghong Li, Christian L Lauber, Gail Czarnecki-Maulden, Yuanlong Pan, Steven S Hannah
: Obesity has become a health epidemic in both humans and pets. A dysbiotic gut microbiota has been associated with obesity and other metabolic disorders. High-protein, low-carbohydrate (HPLC) diets have been recommended for body weight loss, but little is known about their effects on the canine gut microbiome. Sixty-three obese and lean Labrador retrievers and Beagles (mean age, 5.72 years) were fed a common baseline diet for 4 weeks in phase 1, followed by 4 weeks of a treatment diet, specifically, the HPLC diet (49...
January 24, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115977/efficacy-of-a-novel-formulation-of-l-carnitine-creatine-and-leucine-on-lean-body-mass-and-functional-muscle-strength-in-healthy-older-adults-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#16
Malkanthi Evans, Najla Guthrie, John Pezzullo, Toran Sanli, Roger A Fielding, Aouatef Bellamine
BACKGROUND: Progressive decline in skeletal muscle mass and function are growing concerns in an aging population. Diet and physical activity are important for muscle maintenance but these requirements are not always met. This highlights the potential for nutritional supplementation. As a primary objective, we sought to assess the effect of a novel combination of L-Carnitine, creatine and leucine on muscle mass and performance in older subjects. METHOD: Forty-two healthy older adults aged 55-70 years were randomized to receive either a novel L-Carnitine (1500 mg), L-leucine (2000 mg), creatine (3000 mg), Vitamin D3 (10 μg) (L-Carnitine-combination) product (n = 14), L-Carnitine (1500 mg) (n = 14), or a placebo (n = 14) for eight weeks...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112772/protein-enrichment-of-familiar-foods-as-an-innovative-strategy-to-increase-protein-intake-in-institutionalized-elderly
#17
J Beelen, N M de Roos, L C P G M de Groot
OBJECTIVE: To increase the protein intake of older adults, protein enrichment of familiar foods and drinks might be an effective and attractive alternative for oral nutritional supplements (ONS). We performed a pilot study to test whether these products could help institutionalized elderly to reach a protein intake of 1.2 gram per kg body weight per day (g/kg/d). DESIGN: Intervention study with one treatment group (no control group). Dietary assessment was done before and at the end of a 10-day intervention...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107096/implementation-of-an-aggressive-enteral-nutrition-protocol-and-the-effect-on-clinical-outcomes
#18
Daniel Dante Yeh, Catrina Cropano, Sadeq A Quraishi, Eva Fuentes, Haytham M A Kaafarani, Jarone Lee, Yuchiao Chang, George Velmahos
BACKGROUND: Macronutrient deficiency in critical illness is associated with worse outcomes. We hypothesized that an aggressive enteral nutrition (EN) protocol would result in higher macronutrient delivery and fewer late infections. METHODS: We enrolled adult surgical intensive care unit (ICU) patients receiving >72 hours of EN from July 2012 to June 2014. Our intervention consisted of increasing protein prescription (2.0-2.5 vs 1.5-2.0 g/kg/d) and compensatory feeds for EN interruption...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102495/pregnancy-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-nutritional-and-biochemical-aspects
#19
Jessica Cristina Gimenes, Carolina Ferreira Nicoletti, Marcela Augusta de Souza Pinhel, Bruno Affonso Parenti de Oliveira, Wilson Salgado Júnior, Júlio Sérgio Marchini, Carla Barbosa Nonino
INTRODUCTION: Although pregnancy after bariatric surgery is related to risk reduction, nutritional complications may occur. This study aimed to evaluate nutritional and biochemical indicators of women who became pregnant after Roux en Y gastric bypass (RYGB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study with women who became pregnant after RYGB. We evaluated anthropometric, biochemical, and dietary intake indicators in the preoperative period and before, during, and after pregnancy by analysis of medical records...
January 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099128/bone-health-assessment-of-food-allergic-children-on-restrictive-diets-a-practical-guide
#20
Artemis E Doulgeraki, Emmanouel M Manousakis, Nikolaos G Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: Food allergy in childhood is on the rise globally and is managed with avoidance diets; recent case reports of food allergic children with nutritional rickets in the literature highlight the importance of close monitoring of bone health in this population. METHODS: There is no consensus as yet with regard to bone health evaluation in food allergic children; therefore, extensive literature search was performed and the existing evidence is presented, along with a relevant algorithm...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
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