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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912954/effect-of-diet-based-on-the-principles-of-iranian-traditional-medicine-on-cirrhosis-a-clinical-trial
#1
Mohammad Javad Ehsani, Jamileh Mahdavi Jafari, Jale Aliasl, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Latif Gachkar, Rasool Choopani
OBJECTIVES: Cirrhosis is associated with morbidity and mortality worldwide. Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) focused on nutritional intervention in order to improve liver function. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a diet designed based on ITM and current dietary recommendations. DESIGN: This controlled trial study was performed on 57 subjects with cirrhosis in 5 tertiary hospitals in Teharn, Iran. SETTING: Subjects were included if they were diagnosed with class A or B cirrhosis between October 2013 and December 2014...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904629/effect-of-various-kinds-of-beverages-on-stress-oxidative-f2-isoprostane-serum-lipid-and-blood-glucose-of-elite-taekwondo-players
#2
Zahra Maghsoudi, Ashfin Shiranian, Gholamreza Askai, Reza Ghaisvand
BACKGROUND: Athletes' recovery is important in improving their performance. Nutritional strategies can be effective in enhancing recovery rate. Choosing the best food items in appropriate intervals can play effective roles in resynthesis of fuels and recovery of muscle injury. Beverage micro and macronutrient content are helpful in fuel restoration. In this study, we assess the effects of various kinds of beverages on oxidative stress, muscle injury, and metabolic risk factors in taekwondo players...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903832/predictors-of-the-size-of-the-exchangeable-zinc-pool-differ-between-children-and-adults
#3
Leland V Miller, K Michael Hambidge, Janet C King, Jamie E Westcott, Nancy F Krebs
BACKGROUND: The size of the rapidly exchanging pool of body zinc has been suggested as having potential utility as a biomarker of zinc status. Knowledge of the relations of exchangeable zinc pool (EZP) size to relevant variables is necessary to adequately evaluate its use as a biomarker. OBJECTIVE: We used regression analysis to investigate associations of EZP with age, sex, body size, and zinc nutrition variables. METHODS: Data were compiled from 18 isotope tracer studies of zinc absorption in 247 children and adults (248 observations) in which EZP and relevant variables (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902412/the-staff-education-to-reducing-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#4
Gurdal Yilmaz, Hava Aydin, Mustafa Aydin, Sedat Saylan, Hulya Ulusoy, Iftihar Koksal
Mechanical ventilation (MV) is a life-saving invasive procedure performed in intensive care units (ICUs) where critical patients are given advanced support. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of personnel training on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). The study, performed prospectively in the ICU, was planned in two periods. In both periods, patient's characteristics were recorded on patient data forms. In the second period, ICU physicians and assistant health personnel were given regular theoretical and practical training...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900630/current-delivery-of-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-with-cytoreductive-surgery-cs-hipec-and-perioperative-practices-an-international-survey-of-high-volume-surgeons
#5
Allison H Maciver, Eisar Al-Sukhni, Jesus Esquivel, Joseph J Skitzki, John M Kane, Valerie A Francescutti
BACKGROUND: Cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CS/HIPEC) is performed for selected indications at a limited number of specialized centers worldwide. Currently there is no standardized approach to the perioperative care process. We sought to capture current practices in the perioperative management of patients who undergo CS/HIPEC at high-volume centers. METHODS: Surgeon members of the American Society of Peritoneal Surface Malignancies working at high-volume CS/HIPEC centers (>10 cases/year) were invited to complete an online survey...
November 29, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898735/cognitive-dysfunction-and-malnutrition-are-independent-predictor-of-dysphagia-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-congestive-heart-failure
#6
Junichi Yokota, Yoshiko Ogawa, Shinsuke Yamanaka, Yoshimi Takahashi, Hiroshi Fujita, Nobuhiro Yamaguchi, Noriko Onoue, Takeshi Ishizuka, Tsuyoshi Shinozaki, Masahiro Kohzuki
Early detection and intervention for dysphagia is important in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). However, previous studies have focused on how many patients with dysphagia develop CHF. Studies focusing on the comorbidity of dysphagia in patients with CHF are rare. Additionally, risk factors for dysphagia in patients with CHF are unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to clarify risk factors for dysphagia in patients with acute exacerbation of CHF. A total of 105 patients, who were admitted with acute exacerbation of CHF, were enrolled...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897982/maternal-fructose-intake-affects-transcriptome-changes-and-programmed-hypertension-in-offspring-in-later-life
#7
REVIEW
You-Lin Tain, Julie Y H Chan, Chien-Ning Hsu
Hypertension originates from early-life insults by so-called "developmental origins of health and disease" (DOHaD). Studies performed in the previous few decades indicate that fructose consumption is associated with an increase in hypertension rate. It is emerging field that tends to unfold the nutrient-gene interactions of maternal high-fructose (HF) intake on the offspring which links renal programming to programmed hypertension. Reprogramming interventions counteract disturbed nutrient-gene interactions induced by maternal HF intake and exert protective effects against developmentally programmed hypertension...
November 25, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894303/integrated-agriculture-programs-to-address-malnutrition-in-northern-malawi
#8
Rachel Bezner Kerr, Emmanuel Chilanga, Hanson Nyantakyi-Frimpong, Isaac Luginaah, Esther Lupafya
BACKGROUND: In countries where the majority of undernourished people are smallholder farmers, there has been interest in agricultural interventions to improve nutritional outcomes. Addressing gender inequality, however, is a key mechanism by which agriculture can improve nutrition, since women often play a crucial role in farming, food processing and child care, but have limited decision-making and control over agricultural resources. This study examines the approaches by which gender equity in agrarian, resource-poor settings can be improved using a case study in Malawi...
November 28, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889558/the-periosteal-microcirculation-in-health-and-disease-an-update-on-clinical-significance
#9
REVIEW
Andrea Szabó, Ágnes Janovszky, Levente Pócs, Mihály Boros
Apart from its nutritive functions, the periosteum critically affects bone regeneration via its stem/osteoprogenitor cell content. Normal healing after bone fractures, trauma-orthopedic interventions and invasive dental procedures is critically linked to the reestablishment of the periosteal microcirculation, but the reconstruction, replacement or repair of lost tissues may also be performed with autologous periosteum. Besides the initiation of cell differentiation during bone repair and remodeling processes, the periosteum together with the endosteum plays significant roles in the pathogenesis of both hormone-related and trauma-induced osteoporotic alterations in the bone metabolism...
November 23, 2016: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887769/activity-and-sedentary-time-10-years-after-a-successful-lifestyle-intervention-the-diabetes-prevention-program
#10
Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Kristi L Storti, Dana Dabelea, Sharon Edelstein, Hermes Florez, Paul W Franks, Maria G Montez, Jeremy Pomeroy, Andrea M Kriska
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to determine if evidence exists for a lasting effect of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle intervention on activity levels by comparing objectively collected activity data between the DPP Outcome Study (DPPOS) cohort and adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; 2003-2006). METHODS: Average minutes/day of light and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior from ActiGraph accelerometers (collected 2010-2012) were examined (2013-2014) for comparable DPPOS and NHANES subgroups by age, sex, and diabetes status...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885294/infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-among-mothers-at-chapagaun-vdc
#11
D Basnet
BACKGROUND: Since childhood under nutrition and mortality are high in Nepal, promotion of infant and young child feeding practices among children is most critical intervention,which contributes to improved nutrition, health and development of children ultimately having impact on child survival. The objective of the study was to identify infant and young child feeding practices. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among mothers visiting Chapagaun Primary Health Care and Resource Centre (PHCRC) with child aged 6-23 months between January1-14, 2016...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881596/combined-iron-deficiency-and-low-aerobic-fitness-doubly-burden-academic-performance-among-women-attending-university
#12
Samuel P Scott, Mary Jane De Souza, Karsten Koehler, Laura E Murray-Kolb
BACKGROUND: Academic success is a key determinant of future prospects for students. Cognitive functioning has been related to nutritional and physical factors. Here, we focus on iron status and aerobic fitness in young-adult female students given the high rate of iron deficiency and declines in fitness reported in this population. OBJECTIVES: We sought to explore the combined effects of iron status and fitness on academic success and to determine whether these associations are mediated by cognitive performance...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875283/does-persistent-inflammatory-catabolic-syndrome-exist-in-critically-ill-neonates
#13
Nicole Ellis, Caitlin Hughes, Vera Mazurak, Chloe Joynt, Bodil Larsen
BACKGROUND: Persistent inflammatory catabolic syndrome (PICS) has not been described in the infant population. This study proposes a definition of PICS in critically ill infants. METHODS: A published adult criterion of PICS was modified using anthropometric and biochemical reference ranges for infants. A prospective chart review of admissions to a tertiary surgical neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) was performed over 65 days. Demographic, anthropometric, biochemical, and other clinical variables such as length of stay and medication use were collected daily throughout admission...
October 10, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869239/polish-mother-and-child-cohort-study-repro_pl-methodology-of-the-follow-up-of-the-children-at-the-age-of-7
#14
REVIEW
Kinga Polańska, Wojciech Hanke, Anna Król, Adrianna Potocka, Małgorzata Waszkowska, Aleksandra Jacukowicz, Jolanta Gromadzińska, Wojciech Wąsowicz, Joanna Jerzyńska, Włodzimierz Stelmach, Iwona Stelmach
Effects of environmental exposures in utero and in the first years of life on early life health and development is a growing research area with major public health implications. The main aim of this work has been to provide an overview of the next step of the Polish Mother and Child Cohort Study (REPRO_PL) covering exposure, health and neurodevelopment assessments of children at 7 years of age. Details regarding methodology of the follow-up of the children are crucial for cross-cohort collaboration and a full understanding of the future research questions...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868400/association-between-stroke-status-and-depression-in-a-community-setting-the-2014-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Mina Kim, Gyung Jae Oh, Young Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have examined the risk factors for depression in stroke patients, but little information is available on the relationship between stroke status and depression in the community-dwelling general population. We evaluated the association between stroke status and depression using representative nationwide data. METHODS: In total, 3,487 subjects (aged ≥40 years) who participated in version VI-2 of the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) performed in 2014 were included...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865369/feasibility-of-using-head-and-neck-ct-imaging-to-assess-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#16
Justin E Swartz, Ajit J Pothen, Inge Wegner, Ernst J Smid, Karin M A Swart, Remco de Bree, Loek P H Leenen, Wilko Grolman
OBJECTIVES: Patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) have a higher risk of malnutrition and sarcopenia, which is associated with adverse clinical outcome. As abdominal CT-imaging is often used to detect sarcopenia, such scans are rarely available in HNC patients, possibly explaining why no studies investigate the effect of sarcopenia in this population. We correlated skeletal muscle mass assessed on head and neck CT-scans with abdominal CT-imaging. METHODS: Head and neck, and abdominal CT-scans of trauma (n=51) and HNC-patients (n=52) were retrospectively analyzed...
November 2016: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853740/utility-of-endoscopic-therapy-in-the-management-of-boerhaave-syndrome
#17
K J Dickinson, N Buttar, L M Wong Kee Song, C J Gostout, S D Cassivi, M S Allen, F C Nichols, K R Shen, D A Wigle, S H Blackmon
Background/aims: The optimal intervention for Boerhaave perforation has not been determined. Options include surgical repair with/without a pedicled muscle flap, T tube placement, esophageal resection or diversion, or an endoscopic approach. All management strategies require adequate drainage and nutritional support. Our aim was to evaluate outcomes following Boerhaave perforation treated with surgery, endoscopic therapy, or both. Patients and methods: We performed a 10-year review of our prospectively maintained databases of adult patients with Boerhaave perforations...
November 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847351/a-comparison-of-mobile-and-fixed-device-access-on-user-engagement-associated-with-women-infants-and-children-wic-online-nutrition-education
#18
John J Brusk, Robert J Bensley
BACKGROUND: Online health education has expanded its reach due to cost-effective implementation and demonstrated effectiveness. However, a limitation exists with the evaluation of online health education implementations and how the impact of the system is attenuated by the extent to which a user engages with it. Moreover, the current online health education research does not consider how this engagement has been affected by the transition from fixed to mobile user access over the last decade...
November 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847115/pre-therapeutic-nutritional-assessment-for-predicting-severe-adverse-events-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer-treated-by-radiotherapy
#19
Takeyuki Kono, Koji Sakamoto, Seiichi Shinden, Kaoru Ogawa
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in patients with head and neck cancer (HNSCC). It may be related to severe adverse toxicity as a result of radiotherapy. The aim was to investigate nutritional screening factors for severe adverse events. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 101 patients who underwent radiotherapy from 2009 to 2013 was performed. The relationships among severe adverse events and pretreatment nutritional parameters, including static variables (serum albumin, total protein, total lymphocyte counts, body mass index), dynamic variables (retinol-binding protein, transferrin, pre-albumin), and nutritional screening tools (Onodera's Prognostic Nutrition Index [O-PNI]; Nutrition Risk Index; Controlling Nutritional Status [CONUT] score; Nutritional Risk Screening 2002) were evaluated in addition to patient and treatment factors...
November 5, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834185/dietary-supplementation-with-a-specific-melon-concentrate-reverses-vascular-dysfunction-induced-by-cafeteria-diet
#20
Julie Carillon, Bernard Jover, Jean-Paul Cristol, Jean-Max Rouanet, Sylvain Richard, Anne Virsolvy
BACKGROUND: Obesity-related metabolic syndrome is associated with high incidence of cardiovascular diseases partially consecutive to vascular dysfunction. Therapeutic strategies consisting of multidisciplinary interventions include nutritional approaches. Benefits of supplementation with a specific melon concentrate, enriched in superoxide dismutase (SOD), have previously been shown on the development of insulin resistance and inflammation in a nutritional hamster model of obesity. OBJECTIVE: We further investigated arterial function in this animal model of metabolic syndrome and studied the effect of melon concentrate supplementation on arterial contractile activity...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
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