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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646814/nutritional-management-of-metabolic-endotoxemia-a-clinical-review
#1
Benjamin I Brown
Context • Diet-induced, metabolic endotoxemia is emerging as an important contributory factor to the development of a wide range of chronic diseases, including cardiometabolic, autoimmune, psychiatric, and neurodegenerative illnesses. Emerging human clinical studies have demonstrated that diet and dietary components are potent modifiers of circulating endotoxins and can be used to reduce plasma levels significantly and improve metabolic health. Objective • The aim of the current study was to explore briefly the concept of metabolic endotoxemia and its relationship to disease development, to examine the influence of diet and dietary components on circulating endotoxins, and, finally, discuss the clinical relevance of nutritional interventions for management of metabolic endotoxemia...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638835/quality-improvement-interventions-for-nutritional-assessment-among-pregnant-mothers-in-northeastern-uganda
#2
Jonathan Izudi, Calvin Epidu, Andrew Katawera, Adeodata Kekitiinwa
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of pregnant mothers for nutritional status is a neglected intervention. In Kaabong Hospital, nutritional status of pregnant mothers was not assessed during antenatal care (ANC) visits. A quality improvement (QI) project was initiated to increase nutritional assessment using midupper arm circumference (MUAC) among pregnant mothers during ANC visits from 0 to 90% between April and September 2015. METHOD: Baylor-Uganda formed ANC Work Improvement Team (WIT) that reviewed ANC register, identified gaps in quality of care, analyzed root causes using cause-effect diagram, developed solutions, and tested and implemented the solution using Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637444/a-comparison-of-nutritional-intake-and-daily-physical-activity-of-girls-aged-8-11%C3%A2-years-old-in-makkah-saudi-arabia-according-to-weight-status
#3
Rabab Al-Kutbe, Anne Payne, Anne de Looy, Gail A Rees
BACKGROUND: Obesity rates in Saudi Arabia are amongst the highest in the world. It is known that teenage girls are less active than teenage boys, but less is known about the diet and activity patterns in younger girls. Therefore this study sought to investigate dietary intake and daily physical activity in girls aged 8-11 years old in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross- sectional observational study conducted in seven schools across the city of Makkah. A total of 266 girls had anthropometric measurements taken including height, weight, waist circumference and body fat estimations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623442/counseling-interventions-delivered-in-women-with-breast-cancer-to-improve-health-related-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
V D'Egidio, C Sestili, M Mancino, I Sciarra, R Cocchiara, I Backhaus, A Mannocci, Alessandro De Luca, Federico Frusone, Massimo Monti, G La Torre
BACKGROUND: Higher survival rates for breast cancer patients have led to concerns in dealing with short- and long-term side effects. The most common complications are impairment of shoulder functions, pain, lymphedema, and dysesthesia of the injured arm; psychological consequences concern: emotional distress, anxiety, and depression, thereby, deeply impacting/affecting daily living activity, and health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review for assessing the efficacy or effectiveness of interventions aiming at improving health-related quality of life, return to daily activity, and correct lifestyles among breast cancer patients...
June 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620308/the-effect-of-interdialytic-combined-resistance-and-aerobic-exercise-training-on-health-related-outcomes-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients-the-tunisian-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Bechir Frih, Hamdi Jaafar, Wajdi Mkacher, Zohra Ben Salah, Mohamed Hammami, Ameur Frih
Background: Tunisia has the highest prevalence of hemodialysis patients compared to the other countries in North Africa. Dialysis centers rarely offer an exercise program to prevent physiological and psychological dialysis therapy-related alterations in chronic hemodialysis patients. Aim: To examine the effect of combined endurance-resistance training program on physiological and psychological outcomes in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: We designed a single blinded, randomized, controlled study for a period of 4 months...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615252/research-policy-and-programmatic-considerations-from-the-biomarkers-reflecting-inflammation-and-nutritional-determinants-of-anemia-brinda-project
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca J Stoltzfus, Rolf Klemm
The Biomarkers Reflecting Inflammation and Nutritional Determinants of Anemia (BRINDA) project sought to inform the interpretation of iron and vitamin A biomarkers (ferritin, serum transferrin receptor, and retinol binding protein) in settings of prevalent inflammation as well as the prevention of and control strategies to address anemia. Our purpose is to comment on the contributions of the BRINDA to advance global knowledge with regard to iron and vitamin A status assessment in women and preschool children and to analyze the findings in terms of their rigor and usefulness for global nutrition research and programs...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610758/the-everyday-food-practices-of-community-dwelling-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-lgbt-older-adults
#7
Nevin Cohen, Kristen Cribbs
Malnutrition during old age is a significant public health issue. Prevailing behavioral and structural senior malnutrition interventions have had marginal success, largely failing to reflect the realities of people's daily lives. This novel study employed Social Practice Theory (SPT) to explore the food practices of an under-researched, yet highly vulnerable, segment of the older adult population-Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) seniors. Four focus groups were conducted with 31 older adult clients and volunteers at a national LGBT social service and advocacy organization...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608804/phytosterols-and-omega-3-supplementation-exert-novel-regulatory-effects-on-metabolic-and-inflammatory-pathways-a-proteomic-study
#8
Carmen Lambert Judit Cubedo, Teresa Padró, Joan Sánchez-Hernández, Rosa M Antonijoan, Antonio Perez, Lina Badimon
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains one of the major causes of death and disability worldwide. In addition to drug treatment, nutritional interventions or supplementations are becoming a health strategy for CVD prevention. Phytosterols (PhyS) are natural components that have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels; while poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), mainly omega-3 (ω3) fatty acids, have shown to reduce triglyceride levels. Here we aimed to investigate whether the proteins in the main lipoproteins (low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL)) as well as proteins in the lipid free plasma fraction (LPDP) were regulated by the intake of PhyS-milk or ω3-milk, in overweight healthy volunteers by a proteomic based systems biology approach...
June 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608394/a-discovery-driven-approach-to-elucidate-urinary-metabolome-changes-after-a-regular-and-moderate-consumption-of-beer-and-non-alcoholic-beer-in-subjects-at-high-cardiovascular-risk
#9
Paola Quifer-Rada, Gemma Chiva-Blanch, Olga Jáuregui, Ramon Estruch, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventos
SCOPE: The aim of this work was to study the urinary metabolomics changes of participants that consumed beer, non-alcoholic beer and gin. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-three males at high cardiovascular risk between 55 and 75 years old participated in an open, randomized, crossover, controlled trial with three nutritional interventions consisting of beer, non-alcoholic beer and gin for four weeks. Diet and physical activity was monitored throughout the study and compliance was assessed by measurement of urinary isoxanthohumol...
June 13, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607657/the-impact-of-educational-intervention-on-physical-activity-nutrition-and-laboratory-parameters-in-type-ii-diabetic-patients
#10
Aghbabak Maheri, Maryam Asnaashari, Hamid Joveini, Azar Tol, Ali Asghar Firouzian, Alireza Rohban
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases that is now widely spread around the world, and day by day the number of patients is increasing. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of educational intervention on physical activity, nutrition and laboratory parameters in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODS: This semi-experimental study was performed from March to October 2015 on 100 patients with type 2 diabetes who referred to the Niknejad health center...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604943/adipokine-profile-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Agnieszka Baranowska-Bik, Bogusława Baranowska, Lidia Martyńska, Anna Litwiniuk, Małgorzata Kalisz, Jan Kochanowski, Wojciech Bik
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an eating disorder characterised with extremely low weight. Adipokines are adipose tissue-derived substances that show a wide spectrum of biological activities. We aimed to assess selected adipokine levels in women with AN before and after nutritional intervention. We also sought to examine whether BMI is the only confounding factor influencing adipokine assessment in AN. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-five women participated in the study: 20 individuals with AN before any treatment, 18 AN patients after nutritional intervention lasting for at least six months, and 27 women as controls...
June 12, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604517/espghan-guidelines-for-the-evaluation-and-treatment-of-gastrointestinal-and-nutritional-complications-in-children-with-neurological-impairment
#12
Claudio Romano, Myriam van Wynckel, Jessie Hulst, Ilse Broekaert, Jiri Bronsky, Luigi Dall'Oglio, Nataša Fidler Mis, Iva Hojsak, Rok Orel, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Michela Schaeppi, Nikhil Thapar, Michael Wilschanski, Peter Sullivan, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVES: Feeding difficulties are frequent in children with neurological impairments and can be associated with undernutrition, growth failure, micronutrients deficiencies, osteopenia and nutritional comorbidites. Gastrointestinal problems including gastroesophageal reflux disease, constipation and dysphagia are also very frequent in this population and impact quality of life and nutritional status. There is currently a lack of a systematic approach to the care of these patients. With this report, ESPGHAN aims to develop uniform guidelines for the management of the gastroenterological and nutritional problems in neurologically impaired chidren...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593244/effect-of-mandarin-orange-yogurt-on-allergic-conjunctivitis-induced-by-conjunctival-allergen-challenge
#13
Yuko Hara, Atsushi Shiraishi, Yuri Sakane, Yuki Takezawa, Tomoyuki Kamao, Yuichi Ohashi, Sho Yasunaga, Takuya Sugahara
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of mandarin orange yogurt containing nobiletin and β-lactoglobulin on the allergic conjunctivitis induced by a conjunctival allergen challenge (CAC). Methods: Experiment 1 was performed on 26 asymptomatic patients (age, 25.3 ± 5.3 years) with proven seasonal allergic conjunctivitis due to cedar pollen. We compared the degree of conjunctivitis induced by CAC before and after ingesting mandarin orange yogurt for 2 weeks. Experiment 2 was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial performed on 31 patients (age, 32...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579182/acute-pancreatitis-has-long-term-deleterious-effect-on-physical-quality-of-life
#14
Jorge D Machicado, Amir Gougol, Kimberly Stello, Gong Tang, Yongseok Park, Adam Slivka, David C Whitcomb, Dhiraj Yadav, Georgios I Papachristou
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It is not clear how acute pancreatitis (AP) affects quality of life (QOL). We aimed to determine the long-term independent effect of AP on physical and mental QOL. METHODS: We analyzed data from 91 patients (mean age, 52 year; 54% female) admitted with AP to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center from 2011 through 2015 who responded to telephone surveys at a median of 14 months after hospital discharge (interquartile range, 12-16 months)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577069/prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury-and-protection-of-renal-function-in-the-intensive-care-unit-update-2017-expert-opinion-of-the-working-group-on-prevention-aki-section-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine
#15
M Joannidis, W Druml, L G Forni, A B J Groeneveld, P M Honore, E Hoste, M Ostermann, H M Oudemans-van Straaten, M Schetz
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) in the intensive care unit is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVES: To determine and update previous recommendations for the prevention of AKI, specifically the role of fluids, diuretics, inotropes, vasopressors/vasodilators, hormonal and nutritional interventions, sedatives, statins, remote ischaemic preconditioning and care bundles. METHOD: A systematic search of the literature was performed for studies published between 1966 and March 2017 using these potential protective strategies in adult patients at risk of AKI...
June 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567278/psychosocial-stimulation-interventions-for-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-systematic-review
#16
Allison I Daniel, Robert H Bandsma, Lyubov Lytvyn, Wieger P Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Meta van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: The WHO Guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children include a recommendation to provide sensory stimulation or play therapy for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This systematic review was performed to synthesize evidence around this recommendation. Specifically, the objective was to answer the question: "In children with severe acute malnutrition, does psychosocial stimulation improve child developmental, nutritional, or other outcomes?" METHODS: A review protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO 2016: CRD42016036403)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562491/new-findings-of-oxidative-stress-biomarkers-in-nutritional-research
#17
Bastian Kochlik, Tilman Grune, Daniela Weber
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this article is to present a brief overview of recently published articles assessing oxidative stress markers in nutritional studies. RECENT FINDINGS: Intervention and observational studies were carried out in both, healthy subjects and patients and describe the association of foodstuffs as well as isolated nutrients with biomarkers of oxidative stress. The results from human intervention studies on healthy participants and patients are controversial...
June 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561532/pretreatment-albumin-level-predicts-survival-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Won Sub Lim, Jong-Lyel Roh, Sung-Bae Kim, Seung-Ho Choi, Soon Yuhl Nam, Sang Yoon Kim
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Poor nutritional status in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is associated with tumor progression and survival. This study examined the prognostic value of nutritional and hematological markers in patients with HNSCC who received definitive treatments. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective observational cohort study. METHODS: This study included 338 consecutive patients who underwent surgery and/or radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy for treatment-naïve HNSCC...
May 31, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548991/protein-nutrition-and-exercise-survival-kit-for-critically-ill
#19
Peter J M Weijs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Protein delivery as well as exercise of critically ill in clinical practice is still a highly debated issue. Here we discuss only the most recent updates in the literature concerning protein nutrition and exercise of the critically ill. RECENT FINDINGS: By lack of randomized controlled trial (RCTs) in protein nutrition we discuss four post-hoc analyses of nutrition studies and one experimental study in mice. Studies mainly confirm some insights that protein and energy effects are separate and that the trajectory of the patient in the ICU might change these effects...
May 25, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547736/rice-bran-metabolome-contains-amino-acids-vitamins-cofactors-and-phytochemicals-with-medicinal-and-nutritional-properties
#20
Iman Zarei, Dustin G Brown, Nora Jean Nealon, Elizabeth P Ryan
BACKGROUND: Rice bran is a functional food that has shown protection against major chronic diseases (e.g. obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer) in animals and humans, and these health effects have been associated with the presence of bioactive phytochemicals. Food metabolomics uses multiple chromatography and mass spectrometry platforms to detect and identify a diverse range of small molecules with high sensitivity and precision, and has not been completed for rice bran...
December 2017: Rice
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