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Medical sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936931/patient-perspectives-on-transitions-of-surgical-care-examining-the-complexities-and-interdependencies-of-care
#1
Maynor G González, Kristin N Kelly, Ann M Dozier, Fergal Fleming, John R T Monson, Adan Z Becerra, Christopher T Aquina, Christian P Probst, Bradley J Hensley, Nick Sevdalis, Katia Noyes
This study examined a thematic network aimed at identifying experiences that influence patients' outcomes (e.g., patients' satisfaction, anxiety, and discharge readiness) in an effort to improve care transitions and reduce patient burden. We drew upon the Sociology and Complexity Science Toolkit to analyze themes derived from 61 semistructured, longitudinal interviews with 20 patients undergoing either a benign or malignant colorectal resection (three interviews per patient over a 30-day after hospital discharge)...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905883/acceptable-applications-of-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-pgd-among-israeli-pgd-users
#2
Shachar Zuckerman, David A Zeevi, Sigal Gooldin, Gheona Altarescu
The use of PGD technology to select against genetic disorders and traits is increasing. Although PGD may eliminate some of the obstacles related to conservative options of prenatal diagnosis, it can raise personal, social and moral questions. Ethical issues concerning the justified uses of PGD are a subject of ongoing debate among medical and bioethical communities. Although attitudes toward the acceptable uses of PGD were evaluated among population groups worldwide, bioethics councils were criticized for ignoring public perspectives...
October 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860865/advanced-maternal-age-ethical-and-medical-considerations-for-assisted-reproductive-technology
#3
REVIEW
Brittany J Harrison, Tara N Hilton, Raphaël N Rivière, Zachary M Ferraro, Raywat Deonandan, Mark C Walker
OBJECTIVES: This review explores the ethical and medical challenges faced by women of advanced maternal age who decide to have children. Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) make post-menopausal pregnancy physiologically plausible, however, one must consider the associated physical, psychological, and sociological factors involved. METHODS: A quasi-systematic review was conducted in PubMed and Ovid using the key terms post-menopause, pregnancy + MeSH terms [donations, hormone replacement therapy, assisted reproductive technologies, embryo donation, donor artificial insemination, cryopreservation]...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859561/psychosurgery-ethics-and-media-a-history-of-walter-freeman-and-the-lobotomy
#4
James P Caruso, Jason P Sheehan
At the peak of his career, Walter J. Freeman II was a celebrated physician and scientist. He served as the first chairman of the Department of Neurology at George Washington University and was a tireless advocate of surgical treatment for mental illness. His eccentric appearance, engaging personality during interviews, and theatrical demonstrations of his surgical techniques gained him substantial popularity with local and national media, and he performed more than 3000 prefrontal and transorbital lobotomies between 1930 and 1960...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852938/medicalising-short-children-with-growth-hormone-ethical-considerations-of-the-underlying-sociocultural-aspects
#5
Maria Cristina Murano
In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of growth hormone treatment for idiopathic short stature children, i.e. children shorter than average due to an unknown medical cause. Given the absence of any pathological conditions, this decision has been contested as a case of medicalisation. The aim of this paper is to broaden the debate over the reasons for and against the treatment, to include considerations of the sociocultural phenomenon of the medicalisation of short stature, by means of a critical understanding of the concept of medicalisation...
August 29, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805149/contestation-instrumental-resistance-and-strategic-conformation-within-the-diagnostic-process-of-gender-dysphoria-in-portugal
#6
Ana Patrícia Hilário
This article aims to provide insights into the ways in which trans people (i.e. those whose gender identity or expression do not align with their assigned sex at birth) in Portugal make sense of the diagnosis of gender dysphoria. Drawing upon in-depth interviews with 10 trans men and 9 trans women carried out by the TRANSRIGHTS team, we identified three major themes: (a) contestation of gender dysphoria as a (mental) illness, (b) instrumental resistance to complete demedicalisation of gender dysphoria and (c) strategic conformation to gender essentialism within the diagnostic process of gender dysphoria...
September 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793981/attitudes-of-crohn-s-disease-patients-infodemiology-case-study-and-sentiment-analysis-of-facebook-and-twitter-posts
#7
Marco Roccetti, Gustavo Marfia, Paola Salomoni, Catia Prandi, Rocco Maurizio Zagari, Faustine Linda Gningaye Kengni, Franco Bazzoli, Marco Montagnani
BACKGROUND: Data concerning patients originates from a variety of sources on social media. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to show how methodologies borrowed from different areas including computer science, econometrics, statistics, data mining, and sociology may be used to analyze Facebook data to investigate the patients' perspectives on a given medical prescription. METHODS: To shed light on patients' behavior and concerns, we focused on Crohn's disease, a chronic inflammatory bowel disease, and the specific therapy with the biological drug Infliximab...
August 9, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770633/understanding-each-other-in-the-medical-encounter-exploring-therapists-and-patients-understanding-of-each-other-s-experiential-knowledge-through-the-imitation-game
#8
Rik Wehrens, Bethany Hipple Walters
The ability of health-care professionals to understand the lived experiences of their patients has become increasingly important but has been a difficult topic to investigate empirically because it involves two distinctive research strands: interpretative phenomenological analysis and patient-provider communication. While interpretative phenomenological analysis focuses on experiences and illness narratives of patients, but not on therapist's understanding of those, patient-provider communication surveys focus primarily on effective forms of communication without addressing the actual illness experiences of patients...
July 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759586/apology-in-cases-of-medical-error-disclosure-thoughts-based-on-a-preliminary-study
#9
Sonia Dahan, Dominique Ducard, Laurence Caeymaex
BACKGROUND: Disclosing medical errors is considered necessary by patients, ethicists, and health care professionals. Literature insists on the framing of this disclosure and describes the apology as appropriate and necessary. However, this policy seems difficult to put into practice. Few works have explored the function and meaning of the apology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the role ascribed to apology in communication between healthcare professionals and patients when disclosing a medical error, and to discuss these findings using a linguistic and philosophical perspective...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742196/sociological-histories-on-epilepsy-as-causes-for-disqualification-stipulated-in-the-japanese-road-traffic-act-of-1960-and-revised-road-traffic-act-of-2001
#10
G Imataka, S Yoshihara
In the wake of successive cases of fatal accidents caused by patients behind the wheel whose driving was likely to be hindered due to paroxysmal diseases, including epilepsy, there has been an outcry from victims demanding stricter criminal penalties against the perpetrators due to negligence. As a result of this action, a revised Road Traffic Act was put into effect in Japan on June 14, 2013. This act established new penal provisions against any person who provides false statements on his/her medical condition(s) when acquiring or renewing a driver's license...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726015/community-perceptions-of-hospitals-and-shared-physical-space-a-qualitative-study
#11
Daniel Skinner, Berkeley Franz, Kelly Kelleher, Robert Penfold
In addition to providing critical medical services to communities, hospitals are also forces of broader change when seen from the perspective of neighborhood development. Over the past few decades the obligation on the part of U.S. nonprofit hospitals to positively impact the communities in which they are located has become entrenched in both U.S. tax law and the practices of many hospitals. This article presents findings from a grounded theory qualitative study of the relationship between a non-profit children's hospital in Columbus, Ohio, and the neighborhood in which it is located...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705562/la-%C3%A2-double-transition%C3%A2-des-jeunes-atteints-de-cancer
#12
Thibaud Pombet
THE "DOUBLE TRANSITION" OF YOUNG PEOPLE AFFECTED BY CANCER.: Transition can refer to the transfer of a patient from a paediatric institution to an adult department, but it can also refer to the constitutive process of moving into adulthood. Based on a sociological field survey carried out on devices dedicated to adolescents and young adults affected by cancer in France, the impact of this ambivalence on care practices can be assessed. The current paradoxes the medical and care relationship is exposed to are thus identified...
July 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683744/understanding-sexual-healthcare-seeking-behaviour-why-a-broader-research-perspective-is-needed
#13
Fiona Mapp, Kaye Wellings, Ford Hickson, Catherine H Mercer
BACKGROUND: Despite effective and accessible treatments, many sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in high-income countries go untreated, causing poor sexual health for individuals and their partners. Research into STI care has tended to focus on biomedical aspects of infections using patient samples and prioritised attendance at healthcare services. This approach overlooks the broader social context of STIs and healthcare-seeking behaviours, which are important to better understand the issue of untreated infections...
July 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681921/now-or-never-smoking-cessation-discussions-in-the-face-of-serious-illness
#14
Clara Iversen
Sociological research on medical discussions of lifestyle suggests that smoking patients may be seen as knowingly causing their medical problems. Therefore, it may be interactionally problematic for doctors to raise the issue of smoking cessation in relation to patients' serious health problems. While a serious illness can be expected to bring to the fore the relevance of smoking cessation advice, it may also give rise to questions about patients' right to treatment. This study uses conversation analysis to explicate how patients and doctors manage issues of responsibility in smoking cessation discussions in the face of a serious medical problem that strongly correlates with smoking...
July 6, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674861/the-muddle-of-medicalization-pathologizing-or-medicalizing
#15
Jonathan Sholl
Medicalization appears to be an issue that is both ubiquitous and unquestionably problematic as it seems to signal at once a social and existential threat. This perception of medicalization, however, is nothing new. Since the first main writings in the 1960s and 1970s, it has consistently been used to describe inappropriate or abusive instances of medical authority. Yet, while this standard approach claims that medicalization is a growing problem, it assumes that there is simply one "medical model" and that the expanding realm of "the medical" can be more or less clearly delineated...
August 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665141/a-multicentre-and-stratified-study-of-the-attitude-of-medical-students-towards-organ-donation-in-spain
#16
A Ríos, A López-Navas, A López-López, F J Gómez, J Iriarte, R Herruzo, G Blanco, F J Llorca, A Asunsolo, P Sánchez, P R Gutiérrez, A Fernández, M T de Jesús, L Martínez Alarcón, A Lana, L Fuentes, J R Hernández, J Virseda, J Yelamos, J A Bondía, A M Hernández, M A Ayala, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: Medical students represent a new generation of medical thought, and if they have a favourable attitude towards organ donation this will greatly encourage its promotion. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the attitude of medical students in Spanish universities towards the donation of their own organs and to determine the factors affecting this attitude. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Type of study: A sociological, interdisciplinary, multicentre, and observational study in Spain...
June 30, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661776/social-context-biology-and-the-definition-of-disorder
#17
Allan V Horwitz
In recent years, medical sociologists have increasingly paid attention to a variety of interactions between social and biological factors. These include how social stressors impact the functioning of physiological systems, how sociocultural contexts trigger genetic propensities or mitigate genetic defects, and how brains are attuned to social, cultural, and interactional factors. This paper focuses on how both sociocultural and biological forces influence what conditions are contextually appropriate responses or disorders...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661763/resisting-throughput-pressures-physicians-and-patients-strategies-to-manage-hospital-discharge
#18
Hyeyoung Oh
In recent years, quickly discharging patients has become a collective goal at hospitals, as excessive medical workups and extended hospital stays have been associated with unnecessary healthcare spending. Physicians, however, frequently encounter numerous barriers when trying to discharge patients. Presenting ethnographic and interview data collected from September 2010 to September 2013, this paper examines one of the most difficult discharge cases physicians encounter on the internal medicine service at a U...
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661762/fostering-medical-sociology-s-bridges-and-bonds-a-note-from-the-new-editors
#19
Richard M Carpiano, Brian C Kelly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622067/opioid-involved-overdose-among-male-afghanistan-iraq-era-u-s-military-veterans-a-multidimensional-perspective
#20
Alex S Bennett, Luther Elliott, Andrew Golub, Brett Wolfson-Stofko, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Mirroring nationwide trends in a broad range of U.S. populations, an alarming number of Afghanistan/Iraq-era U.S. Military veterans have experienced opioid-related overdoses. A growing body of research has examined the proximal behaviors that can precipitate an overdose; considerably less is known about more distal physiological, psychosocial and structural influences on these risk behaviors. OBJECTIVES: This study adopts a multidimensional approach to better understand opioid-related overdose among U...
June 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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