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Medical sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314096/formats-of-responsibility-elective-surgery-in-the-era-of-evidence-based-medicine
#1
Ariel Ducey, Shoghi Nikoo
This article illustrates what pragmatic sociology refers to as investments in form, by examining the formats created and used by a group of surgeons to determine when elective surgery for pelvic floor disorders could be responsibly undertaken. Drawing upon ethnographic observations of surgical consultations at an academic medical centre in Canada, we show how two specific formats - that the patient is sufficiently bothered and the patient accepts the risks of surgery - allow for justifiable action in conditions of uncertainty and contingency and in light of the demands of dominant imperatives in medicine and health care, especially evidence-based medicine (EBM)...
January 3, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287299/-laudation-at-the-presentation-of-the-salomon-neumann-medal-2017-to-prof-dr-med-med-bernt-peter-robra-mph
#2
Heiner Raspe
The German Society for Social Medicine and Prevention (DGSMP) confers the Salomon Neumann Medal for outstanding merit in the field of Preventive and Social Medicine. The Salomon Neumann Medal 2017 was awarded to Bernt-Peter Robra, Institute for Social Medicine and Health Economics (ISMG) of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg. It honours an outstanding representative of social medicine, in whose person and Institute the essential problem areas of social medicine as well as the competencies of the 3 scientific bodies that gathered in Lübeck - epidemiology, medical sociology and social medicine - and the sociopolitical engagement of Salomon Neumann come together...
December 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286502/social-safety-and-medical-maintenance-of-the-labour-pool-in-surveillance-areas-of-the-nuclear-power-plants
#3
V A Prylipko, Yu Yu Ozerova, O V Kotsubinskij, M M Morozova, O O Petrychenko, I V Bondarenko
OBJECTIVE: To study the contentment of population of NPP surveillance areas i.e. monitoring zones with specific components of quality of life, namely the social security, medical care, and socio economic compensation of risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sociological study of public opinion about the specific components of quality of life has been conducted in population of the NPP monitoring zone. A questionnaire with independent question blocks was developed. A non repeatable probabilistic selection was applied in population opinion poll...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237198/-sociology-as-a-major-factor-for-the-psychiatrie-enquete-in-the-federal-republic-of-germany-results-from-expert-interviews-and-document-analyses
#4
Felicitas Söhner, Heiner Fangerau, Thomas Becker
Objective This paper examines the influence of sociology as a discipline on the Psychiatrie-Enquete by analysing interviews with expert (psychiatrist, psychologist, sociologist etc.) witnesses of the Enquete process and by analysing pertinent documents. Methods 24 interviews were conducted and analysed using qualitative secondary analysis. Results Sociological texts and research results influenced the professional development of psychiatrists at the time. Cross-talk between psychiatry and sociology developed through seminal sociological analyses of psychiatric institutions and the interest taken in medical institutions in a number of sociological texts...
December 13, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236562/from-narcotic-to-normalizer-the-misperception-of-methadone-treatment-and-the-persistence-of-prejudice-and-bias
#5
Joycelyn Sue Woods, Herman Joseph
This article concentrates on methadone maintenance as a normalizer for the impairments of opioid addiction, and the misunderstandings of it as a substitute for heroin that continues an opiate addiction. Methadone treatment was developed by Drs. Dole, Nyswander, and Kreek. Their cutting-edge theory transformed the way that opioid addiction is perceived and their work changed methadone from a narcotic to withdraw addicts to a medication that is a maintenance normalizer for a chronic condition. Their extensive research involved the physiological and sociological normalizing effects of methadone and medical safety of the medication (Dole & Nyswander, 1967)...
December 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233019/-the-expertness-of-his-healer-diagnosis-disclosure-and-the-power-of-a-profession
#6
Annemarie Jutel
Diagnosis is one of medicine's most important tools. It structures the relationship between patient and diagnostician, organises illness and provides access to resources. In this article, I reveal how the manner in which a serious diagnosis is revealed creates a kind of 'epistemic posture' reinforcing the power of medical knowledge, and contributing to medical authority. To achieve this, I explore historical material written by and for doctors about the disclosure of difficult diagnoses. Using historical data for sociological purposes follows Zerubavel, who asserts that phenomena should be studied across eras, media and cultures...
December 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#7
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211178/a-wave-that-comes-rushing-in-and-dunks-you-representations-and-destinies-of-the-crisis-in-adolescent-users-of-a-capsi
#8
Melissa de Oliveira Pereira, Marilene de Castilho Sá, Lilian Miranda
This article focuses on the inter-subjective aspects involved in the care of psychosocial crises of adolescents, their representations and developments. A qualitative research was developed from a psycho-sociological perspective by constructing life story narratives of adolescents treated at a Psychosocial Care Center for Children and Adolescents (CAPSi). It was based on the theoretical contributions of René Kaës on group and cultural aspects of the crisis, as well as its relation to adolescence. Life narratives, constructed through in-depth interviews with adolescents, close relatives, and CAPSi caretakers depict crisis as a "surprise", as violence and estrangement, an episode that must be forgotten, denied, silenced, and medicalized...
November 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203741/-studying-of-life-s-quality-changes-among-children-of-the-first-three-year-of-life-with-visual-analyzer-s-congenital-pathology-as-instrument-of-their-social-adaptation-s-formation-in-the-future-became-a-research-objective
#9
Nataliia V Medvedovska, Tetiana M Bukhanovska, Anatolii A Shevchyk
INTRODUCTION: The study of the composite qualities of life is an important component of the quality of provided medical aid. The way of our investigation that was chosen by us, the quality of life of the children of first years of life with the congenital pathology of vision arises the significant problem of assessment of its changes, because children of these ages can't take part in an interview and we adapted the standard questionnaire "Children Visual Function Questionnaire" (CVFQ) with its help the components of quality of the children of first years of life assess their parents...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192463/le-secret-professionnel-soignant%C3%A2-un-enjeu-de-d%C3%A3-mocratie-sanitaire-entre-immanence-et-ali%C3%A3-nation
#10
Silvère Pautier
For a long time considered as total and absolute, healthcare professional secrecy is today difficult to reconcile with care practices. Lots of paradoxes question its preservation in favour of general interest and public order against the protection of private interest within an individualistic normative society. Exploring this interrogation, the article's objective is to initiate an ethical discussion from a professional caregiver secrecy's historical and sociological evolution perspective. Thus, with the help of theoretical understandings, especially those by Michel Foucault, medical secrecy is considered a defense of rationality specific to populations' government...
November 21, 2017: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172282/primary-locations-of-malignant-melanoma-lesions-depending-on-patients%C3%A2-gender-and-age
#11
Karolina Stanienda-Sokół, Natalia Salwowska, Martyna Sławińska, Katarzyna Wicherska-Pawłowska, Anna Lorenc, Dominika Wcisło-Dziadecka, Jerzy Wydmański, Wojciech Majewski
Introduction: Location of malignant melanoma lesions depends on environmental, genetic, sociological and demographical factors. Available sources do not provide enough information on such dependencies in various populations. There is no data concerning the role of socio-demographic factors for the population of the Central and Eastern Europe. Aim: The aim of this work was to evaluate the anatomical location of the primary malignant melanoma lesion in correlation to patients’ gender and age. Material and methods: A retrospective analysis of medical documentation of 363 patients has been performed...
November 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162432/renal-damage-in-the-metabolic-syndrome-metsx-disorders-implicated
#12
REVIEW
Trujillo Joyce, Chirino Yolanda Irasema, Martínez-Tagüeña Natalia, Pedraza-Chaverri Jose
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and has become a risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease. The complex linkage between metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease is under research and the factors involved beyond the biological pathogenesis include demographic, sociological and psychological factors that are related to the metabolic syndrome prevalence. The social context of disease causation is as relevant to today's clinical scientist and practitioner as biomarker-directed risk stratification and therapy...
November 18, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131714/understanding-variations-in-secondary-findings-reporting-practices-across-u-s-genome-sequencing-laboratories
#13
Sara Ackerman, Barbara Koenig
BACKGROUND: Increasingly used for clinical purposes, genome and exome sequencing can generate clinically relevant information that is not directly related to the reason for testing (incidental or secondary findings). Debates about the ethical implications of secondary findings were sparked by the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG)'s 2013 policy statement, which recommended that laboratories report pathogenic alterations in 56 genes. Although wide variation in laboratories' secondary findings policies has been reported, little is known about its causes...
November 13, 2017: AJOB Empirical Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117649/use-of-alternative-and-complementary-medicine-in-patients-with-malignant-diseases-in-high-volume-cancer-center-and-future-aspects
#14
Davor Kust, Ivan Šamija, Jasmina Marić-Brozić, Branka Svetec, Marija Miletić, Gordana Mamić, Ante Bolanča, Zvonko Kusić, Ana Fröbe
Usage of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is steadily increasing over the last decades, gaining medical, economic and sociological importance. The aim of the present study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative therapies in cancer patients. A cross-sectional, descriptive survey design was used to collect data through an anonymous questionnaire. A total of 267 patients were included in the study. The prevalence of CAM use among cancer patients in this study was 60.3%. It was found that 61 heterogeneous CAM therapies were used, the most popular among patients being naturopathy/folk medicine...
December 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107529/learning-the-patient-s-story
#15
REVIEW
Sandra L Ragan, Elisa Kanter
OBJECTIVES: To provide a brief history on narrative medicine and highlight its importance in providing quality patient care. DATA SOURCES: Explains narrative medicine using published, peer-reviewed literature and highlights some of the literary, medical, sociological, and communication perspectives that contributed to the narrative medicine movement. CONCLUSION: A commitment to the patient-provider relationship and knowing the patient's story is a critical aspect in providing quality cancer care...
December 2017: Seminars in Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071731/telemedicine-and-the-senses-a-review
#16
Deborah Lupton, Sarah Maslen
Telemedicine technologies have been presented as solutions to the challenges of equitable, cost-effective and efficient health service provision for over two decades. The ways in which the sensory dimensions of medical care and the doctor-patient relationship are mediated via telemedicine can be important contributors to the success, failure or unintended consequences of telemedicine. In this article, we present a review of the relevant literature in social research that provides insights into the sensory dimensions of telemedicine...
October 25, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060608/cognitive-control-related-network-analysis-a-novel-way-to-measure-neuron-fiber-connection-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Changle Zhang, Tao Chai, Na Gao, Heather T Ma
Effective measurement of cognitive impairment caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD) will provide a chance for early medical intervention and delay the disease onset. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides a non-intrusive examination of cranial nerve diseases which can help us observe the microstructure of neuron fibers. Cognitive control network (CCN) consists of the brain regions that highly related to human self-control. In this study, hub-and-spoke model which was widely used in transportation and sociology area had been employed to analyze the relationship of CCN and other regions under its control, cognitive control related network (CCRN) was built by applying this model...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059804/the-role-of-a-creative-joint-assignment-project-in-biomedical-engineering-bachelor-degree-education
#18
Jiehui Jiang, Yuting Zhang, Mi Zhou, Xiaosong Zheng, Zhuangzhi Yan
Biomedical Engineering (BME) bachelor education aims to train qualified engineers who devote themselves to addressing biological and medical problems by integrating the technological, medical and biological knowledge. Design thinking and teamwork with other disciplines are necessary for biomedical engineers. In the current biomedical engineering education system of Shanghai University (SHU), however, such design thinking and teamwork through a practical project is lacking. This paper describes a creative "joint assignment" project in Shanghai University, China, which has provided BME bachelor students a two-year practical experience to work with students from multidisciplinary departments including sociology, mechanics, computer sciences, business and art, etc...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984633/homeopathy-as-boundary-object-and-distributed-therapeutic-agency-a-discussion-on-the-homeopathic-placebo-response
#19
Cosima Rughiniş, Alexandra Ciocănel, Sorina Vasile
BACKGROUND: We discuss homeopathy's placebo effect as the result of a distributed therapeutic agency involving humans, objects, and texts. Homeopathy has been involved in controversies for centuries, and the dispute whether it is therapy or quackery is as lively as ever. Still, homeopathy has retained significant popularity and acceptance within the medical establishment. AREAS OF UNCERTAINTY: We bracket the issue of biochemical effectiveness of homeopathic remedies as we only discuss homeopathy's potential to elicit a placebo response within its therapeutic alliance, in virtue of its social, symbolic, and material features...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980337/from-loss-to-repair-a-study-of-body-narratives-in-patient-claims-for-medical-injury
#20
Myriam Winance, Janine Barbot, Isabelle Parizot
In this article we examine the body's status in the complaints that patients filed with a compensation agency. Taking a corpus of letters, we analyse the way in which the patients mobilise their bodily experience from the angle of the damage for which they demand compensation. To this end, we articulate an approach in terms of the sociology of complaint with an approach rooted in the sociology of medicine, health and illness. To analyse the body narratives, we use the notion of loss. We highlight the manner in which patients approach their losses as 'losses in practice'...
October 4, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
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