keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical sociology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332936/ethical-concerns-about-emerging-treatment-paradigms-for-gender-dysphoria
#1
Stephen B Levin
The increasing incidence of request for medical services to support gender transition for children, adolescents and adults has consequences for society, governmental institutions, schools, families, health care professionals, and, of course, patients. The sociological momentum to recognize and accommodate to trans phenomena has posed ethical dilemmas for endocrinologists, mental health professionals and sexual specialists as they experience within themselves the clash between Respect for Patient Autonomy, Beneficence, Nonmalficience, and Informed Consent...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324793/bureaucratization-and-medical-professionals-values-a-cross-national-analysis
#2
Girts Racko
Understanding the impact of the bureaucratization of governance systems on the occupational values of medical professionals is a fundamental concern of the sociological research of healthcare professions. While previous studies have examined the impact of bureaucratized management, organizations, and healthcare fields on medical professionals' values, there is a lack of cross-national research on the normative impact of the bureaucratized systems of national governance. Using the European Social Survey data for 29 countries, this study examines the impact of the bureaucratization of national governance systems on the occupational values of medical professionals...
March 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255279/diagnosing-dementia-ethnography-interactional-ethics-and-everyday-moral-reasoning
#3
Alexandra Hillman
This article highlights the contribution of ethnography and qualitative sociology to the ethical challenges that frame the diagnosis of dementia. To illustrate this contribution, the paper draws on an ethnographic study of UK memory clinics carried out between 2012 and 2014. The ethnographic data, set alongside other studies and sociological theory, contest the promotion of a traditional view of autonomy; the limiting of the point of ethical interest to a distinct moment of diagnosis disclosure; and the failure to recognise risk and uncertainty in the building of clinical 'facts' and their communication...
February 2017: Social Theory & Health: STH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178909/doctoring-undercover-updating-the-educational-tradition-of-shadowing
#4
Claire D Clark
BACKGROUND: Premedical students are educated in basic biological and health sciences. As a complement to traditional premedical coursework, medical school applicants are encouraged to shadow practitioners, with the hope that observation will introduce students to the culture and practice of healthcare. Yet the shadowing experience varies widely across practitioners and institutions; resources that guide students' critical reflection and structure the experience are scarce. DEVELOPMENT: A pilot experiential learning course, Doctoring Undercover: Shadowing and the Culture of Medicine, was developed to fill this gap...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177144/ageing-dementia-and-the-social-mind-past-present-and-future-perspectives
#5
Paul Higgs, Chris Gilleard
Accompanying the ageing of contemporary ageing societies is an increase in age associated morbidity, with dementia having an important impact. Mental frailty in later life is a source of fear for many and a major policy concern to all those concerned with health and welfare services. This introduction to the special issue on 'Ageing, dementia and the social mind' situates the selected papers within the context of debates about dementia and its social relations. In particular it draws attention to the importance of the social imaginary of the fourth age and what this means for the issue of personhood, care, social representations of dementia and its social contextualisation...
February 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164318/-doing-good-by-proxy-human-animal-kinship-and-the-donation-of-canine-blood
#6
Vanessa Ashall, Pru Hobson-West
This article demonstrates the relevance of animals to medical sociology by arguing that pet owners' accounts of veterinary decision-making can highlight key sociological themes which are important to both human and animal health. Based on semi-structured interviews, the article argues that interspecies 'kinship' allows for the extension of sociological claims regarding altruism, self-interest and mutuality from human blood donation to companion animal blood 'donation'. Furthermore, this study extends sociological understanding of the human-animal bond by showing how the dog's status as kin meant they were expected to donate blood, and that the act of donation itself represents an important opportunity for family 'display'...
February 6, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155781/-body-image-and-participation-in-physical-activities-by-obese-subjects
#7
Anne Marcellini, Éric Perera, Angélique Rodhain, Sylvain Férez
<ce:para>From a sociological perspective, physical activity and diet are perceived as social and cultural practices, constructed and transmitted within human societies. The body is then thought of as a social construct, a sign and foundation of individual and collective identities. In this context, this article was designed to highlight some social processes underlying the obesity epidemic. Clarifying issues about a medical definition of obesity in an obesogenic society, and theoretical approaches to the meanings of the obesity epidemic are proposed...
June 8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135690/wasting-the-doctor-s-time-a-video-elicitation-interview-study-with-patients-in-primary-care
#8
Nadia Llanwarne, Jennifer Newbould, Jenni Burt, John L Campbell, Martin Roland
Reaching a decision about whether and when to visit the doctor can be a difficult process for the patient. An early visit may cause the doctor to wonder why the patient chose to consult when the disease was self-limiting and symptoms would have settled without medical input. A late visit may cause the doctor to express dismay that the patient waited so long before consulting. In the UK primary care context of constrained resources and government calls for cautious healthcare spending, there is all the more pressure on both doctor and patient to meet only when necessary...
March 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132734/social-factors-in-marijuana-use-for-medical-and-recreational-purposes
#9
REVIEW
Magdalena Szaflarski, Joseph I Sirven
Of all the various treatment options for epilepsy, no other therapy comes close to the polarity that cannabis engenders. The rationale for this reaction is firmly rooted in the social factors that enshroud the use of marijuana for both medical and recreational purposes. In order to best understand how to approach this controversial treatment, it is essential to explore the social, demographic, and historical variables that have led to the current opinions on cannabis therapy and how this has converged on epilepsy treatment...
January 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122506/variation-in-use-of-antipsychotic-medications-in-nursing-homes-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#10
Hannah Cioltan, Samah Alshehri, Carol Howe, Jeannie Lee, Mindy Fain, Howard Eng, Kenneth Schachter, Jane Mohler
BACKGROUND: The use of antipsychotic medications (APMs) in nursing home residents in the U.S. is an increasingly prominent issue and has been associated with increased risk of hospitalization, cardiovascular events, hip fractures, and mortality, among other adverse health events. The Food and Drug Administration has placed a black box warning on these drugs, specifying that they are not meant for residents with dementia, and has asked providers to review their treatment plans. The purpose of this systematic PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses)-based review was to summarize original research studies on facility level characteristics contributing to the use of antipsychotics in nursing homes across the United States, in order to investigate the variation of use...
January 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109320/celebrities-impact-on-health-related-knowledge-attitudes-behaviors-and-status-outcomes-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis
#11
Steven J Hoffman, Yasmeen Mansoor, Navneet Natt, Lathika Sritharan, Julia Belluz, Timothy Caulfield, Yoni Freedhoff, John N Lavis, Arya M Sharma
BACKGROUND: Celebrities are highly influential people whose actions and decisions are watched and often emulated by wide audiences. Many celebrities have used their prominent social standing to offer medical advice or endorse health products, a trend that is expected to increase. However, the extent of the impact that celebrities have in shaping the public's health-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and status is unclear. This systematic review seeks to answer the following questions: (1) Which health-related outcomes are influenced by celebrities? (2) How large of an impact do celebrities actually have on these health-related outcomes? (3) Under what circumstances do celebrities produce either beneficial or harmful impacts? METHODS: Ten databases were searched, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, PubMed, CINAHL, Communication Complete, Sociological Abstracts, Social Sciences Citation Index, Journals @ Scholars Portal, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I...
January 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093045/exploring-urban-health-in-cape-town-south-africa-an-interdisciplinary-analysis-of-secondary-data
#12
Rebekka Mumm, Sonia Diaz-Monsalve, Eva Hänselmann, Johanna Freund, Michael Wirsching, Jan Gärtner, Richard Gminski, Katrin Vögtlin, Mirjam Körner, Lena Zirn, Ursula Wittwer-Backofen, Tolu Oni, Axel Kroeger
BACKGROUND: With modern information technology, an overwhelming amount of data is available on different aspects of societies. Our research investigated the feasibility of using secondary data sources to get an overview of determinants of health and health outcomes in different population strata of Cape Town, a large city of South Africa. METHODS: The methodological approach of secondary-data analysis was similar in the different disciplines: Biological Anthropology, Public Health, Environmental Health, Mental Health, Palliative Care, Medical Psychology and Sociology at the University of Freiburg and Public Health at the University of Cape Town...
February 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064088/asylum-seekers-alleging-torture-in-their-countries-evaluation-of-a-french-center
#13
Renaud Clément, David Lebossé, Lucia Barrios, Olivier Rodat
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 6-year period, 570 survivors gave consent to this study and were examined by forensic medical doctors in academic French hospital. They evaluated with the aim of cataloguing the physical evidence of torture. Sociological data, declared violence (single physical altercation, repeated physical violence less than one year or more than one year, incarceration not more than one week or more than 1 week), and method of violence (blows by blunt object, crushing, burns, electrical shocks, attempted drowning, smothering, incision, or gunshot) were studied...
February 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059971/geographical-information-system-evaluation-and-trends-of-nonaccidental-trauma-at-a-level-i-trauma-center-pilot-study
#14
Michael Robert Smith, Robert Lee Davis, Patricia Anne Phillips, Tatyana Shvilkina, Kamalijit Kaur, Heather Katrina Tabolt, Matthew Krause, Vincent Galdi
PREMISE: Although trauma may be considered a random act, geographical patterns of trauma potentially emerge. Our institution is unique in that it rests at an intersection of two of the highest areas of poverty and assault in New York City and has adequate data to analyze these patterns. METHODS: We review the incident reports logged by emergency medical services (EMS) technicians arriving with intentionally injured trauma patients from January 1 to December 31, 2013 at a single institution...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052343/the-concept-of-medicalisation-reassessed
#15
Joan Busfield
Medicalisation has been an important concept in sociological discussions of medicine since its adoption by medical sociologists in the early 1970s. Yet it has been criticised by some sociologists, in part because it seems too negative about medicine, and modified or replaced by others with concepts deemed more relevant like biomedicalisation and pharmaceuticalisation. My aim in this paper is to reassess the concept and consider whether it still has value in exploring significant aspects of the role of medicine in present-day society...
January 4, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040550/life-satisfaction-and-degree-of-suicide-intent-a-test-of-the-strain-theory-of-suicide
#16
Jie Zhang, Yanzheng Liu, Long Sun
BACKGROUND: Various factors contribute to suicide. Psychological strains are hypothesized to precede suicidal thought and attempt. Life satisfaction can be a measure of relative deprivation strain and aspiration-reality strain. AIMS: This study was to compare the suicide attempters with various levels of life satisfaction and find out how life satisfaction affects the degree of suicide intent among medically serious suicide attempters. METHODS: Subjects for study were recruited in some rural counties in China...
December 21, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032301/from-disabled-students-to-disabled-brains-the-medicalizing-power-of-rhetorical-images-in-the-israeli-learning-disabilities-field
#17
Ofer Katchergin
The neurocentric worldview that identifies the essence of the human being with the material brain has become a central paradigm in current academic discourse. Israeli researchers also seek to understand educational principles and processes via neuroscientific models. On this background, the article uncovers the central role that visual brain images play in the learning-disabilities field in Israel. It examines the place brain images have in the professional imagination of didactic-diagnosticians as well as their influence on the diagnosticians' clinical attitudes...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026877/school-based-education-programmes-for-the-prevention-of-unintentional-injuries-in-children-and-young-people
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth Orton, Jessica Whitehead, Jacqueline Mhizha-Murira, Mandy Clarkson, Michael C Watson, Caroline A Mulvaney, Joy Ul Staniforth, Munish Bhuchar, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged four to 18 years and are a major cause of ill health. The school setting offers the opportunity to deliver preventive interventions to a large number of children and has been used to address a range of public health problems. However, the effectiveness of the school setting for the prevention of different injury mechanisms in school-aged children is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of school-based educational programmes for the prevention of injuries in children and evaluate their impact on improving children's safety skills, behaviour and practices, and knowledge, and assess their cost-effectiveness...
December 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968890/patient-physician-trust-in-china-a-workshop-summary
#19
Cheris S C Chan, Yu Cheng, Yali Cong, Zhizheng Du, Shanlian Hu, Amanda Kerrigan, Arthur Kleinman, Mengfeng Li, Benjamin Liebman, Yonghui Ma, Jing-Bao Nie, Daniel F C Tsai, Duujian Tsai, Joseph D Tucker, Lijie Wang, Bonnie Wong, William C W Wong, Zeping Xiao, Juncai Xu, Yunxiang Yan, Yang Yang, Daqing Zhang, Mingjie Zhao, Jianfeng Zhu, Wei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Patient-physician mistrust has become deeply embedded in medical clinics within a wide variety of settings, including many in China. The purpose of this research was to develop a series of actionable policy recommendations to rebuild patient-physician trust in China. METHODS: Our interdisciplinary group included experts in medicine, public health, philosophy, ethics, law, regulation, China studies, anthropology, sociology, and communications. Recommendations were identified by team members and presented at a two-day workshop at the Harvard Center, Shanghai, China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957287/the-doctor-patient-relationship-toward-a-conceptual-re-examination
#20
Hamidreza Namazi, Kiarash Aramesh, Bagher Larijani
The nature of the doctor-patient relationship as a keystone of care necessitates philosophical, psychological and sociological considerations. The present study investigates concepts related to these three critical views considered especially important. From the philosophical viewpoint, the three concepts of "the demands of ethics "," ethical phenomenology and "the philosophy of the relationship" are of particular importance. From a psychological point of view, the five concepts of "communication behavior patterns" (including submissiveness, dominance, aggression, and assertiveness), "psychic distance", "emotional quotient", "conflict between pain relief and truth-telling", and "body language" have received specific emphasis...
2016: Journal of Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
keyword
keyword
88378
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"