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Medical sociology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775964/time-matters-for-intersex-bodies-between-socio-medical-time-and-somatic-time
#1
Limor Meoded Danon
This article focuses on the dynamic relationships between time and intersex bodies that exist, on the one hand, in medical policy on intersex bodies and, on the other, in intersex people's subjective experiences. Time, from a sociological perspective, is a biosocial agent that establishes diagnostic practices, regulations, and treatment policy regarding intersex bodies. The systematic construction of timeframes by biomedical professionals aims to rapidly diagnose and treat intersex patients and is deeply rooted in the "dimorphic soma-gender order" (DMSGO), the imagined unified relationship of female bodies to femininity and male bodies to masculinity...
May 8, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726441/how-to-measure-physical-motion-and-the-impact-of-individualized-feedback-in-the-field-of-rehabilitation-of-geriatric-trauma-patients
#2
Amelie Altenbuchner, Sonja Haug, Rainer Kretschmer, Karsten Weber
BACKGROUND: This preparatory study accelerates an implementation of individualized monitoring and feedback of physical motion using conventional motion trackers in the rehabilitation process of geriatric trauma patients. Regaining mobility is accompanied with improved quality of life in persons of very advanced age recovering from fragility fractures. OBJECTIVES: Quantitative survey of regaining physical mobility provides recommendations for action on how to use motion trackers effectively in a clinical geriatric setting...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717696/extension-of-french-vaccination-mandates-from-the-recommendation-of-the-steering-committee-of-the-citizen-consultation-on-vaccination-to-the-law
#3
Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Jean-Claude Desenclos, Sylvie Quelet, François Bourdillon
On 4 December 2017, French parliamentarians passed a law extending the vaccination mandates for children up to 2 years of age from three vaccinations (against diphtheria, tetanus and poliomyelitis) to 11 by adding vaccinations against pertussis, Haemophilus influenza b (Hib), hepatitis B, pneumococcal diseases, meningococcal C diseases, measles, mumps and rubella. This vote follows a recommendation made by the Steering Committee of the Citizen Consultation on Vaccination that took place in 2016. The law applies to all children born after 1 January 2018...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706835/the-undead-in-culture-and-science
#4
Connie Nugent, Gilbert Berdine, Kenneth Nugent
The undead have a significant role in mythology, religion, folklore, and literature. In the 1800s, the word zombie was used to describe reanimated corpses in the Caribbean who often worked on plantations doing long, arduous field work. The movie White Zombie was released in 1932 and exploited this folklore, but it ignored the fact that zombies represent one outcome in Vodou religious beliefs regarding death and the migration of spirits following death. The interest in zombies eventually led to sociological and medical investigations into zombification...
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690533/snakebite-when-the-human-touch-becomes-a-bad-touch
#5
REVIEW
Bryan G Fry
Many issues and complications in treating snakebite are a result of poor human social, economic and clinical intervention and management. As such, there is scope for significant improvements for reducing incidence and increasing patient outcomes. Snakes do not target humans as prey, but as our dwellings and farms expand ever farther and climate change increases snake activity periods, accidental encounters with snakes seeking water and prey increase drastically. Despite its long history, the snakebite crisis is neglected, ignored, underestimated and fundamentally misunderstood...
April 21, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657164/doctor-in-the-family-stories-and-dilemmas-surrounding-illness-in-relatives
#6
Lauren B Smith
This symposium includes twelve personal narratives from physicians with family members or close personal friends with medical illnesses. This issue also includes three commentaries on these narratives by scholars in the fields of bioethics, sociology, and law. The aim of this issue is to explore the benefits and potential harms that may arise when physicians are involved in the care of relatives, a role often fraught with conflicting moral obligations.
2018: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651863/incarnation-and-the-dynamics-of-medical-promises-dhea-as-a-fountain-of-youth-hormone
#7
Boris Hauray, Sébastien Dalgalarrondo
For more than a decade, the sociology of hope and expectations has gained growing influence in the social studies of health, medicine, and healthcare. This literature has stressed the role of representations of the future-through images, metaphors, theories, or visions-in the medical sector and analyzed the translation of these discursive contents into social practices and organizations. This article builds on these results and intends to explore a dimension that has received less attention: the incarnation of medical promises...
April 1, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643720/anthropological-and-sociological-perspectives-of-medical-professionalism
#8
Yen-Kuang Lin, Mu-Tsu Hsu, Ming-Chen Hsieh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629190/antibiotics-and-activity-spaces-protocol-of-an-exploratory-study-of-behaviour-marginalisation-and-knowledge-diffusion
#9
Marco J Haenssgen, Nutcha Charoenboon, Giacomo Zanello, Mayfong Mayxay, Felix Reed-Tsochas, Caroline O H Jones, Romyen Kosaikanont, Pollavat Praphattong, Pathompong Manohan, Yoel Lubell, Paul N Newton, Sommay Keomany, Heiman F L Wertheim, Jeffrey Lienert, Thipphaphone Xayavong, Penporn Warapikuptanun, Yuzana Khine Zaw, Patchapoom U-Thong, Patipat Benjaroon, Narinnira Sangkham, Kanokporn Wibunjak, Poowadon Chai-In, Sirirat Chailert, Patthanan Thavethanutthanawin, Krittanon Promsutt, Amphayvone Thepkhamkong, Nicksan Sithongdeng, Maipheth Keovilayvanh, Nid Khamsoukthavong, Phaengnitta Phanthasomchit, Chanthasone Phanthavong, Somsanith Boualaiseng, Souksakhone Vongsavang, Rachel C Greer, Thomas Althaus, Supalert Nedsuwan, Daranee Intralawan, Tri Wangrangsimakul, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Proochista Ariana
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health priority. Leading UK and global strategy papers to fight AMR recognise its social and behavioural dimensions, but current policy responses to improve the popular use of antimicrobials (eg, antibiotics) are limited to education and awareness-raising campaigns. In response to conceptual, methodological and empirical weaknesses of this approach, we study people's antibiotic-related health behaviour through three research questions...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602926/health-of-ophthalmologists-as-a-prerequisite-of-quality-medical-services
#10
Stanislav G Saksonov, Tetiana S Gruzeva, Oksana P Vitovska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The effectiveness and efficiency of the medical sector workforce directly depend on health of medical professionals. Scientific literature pays considerable attention to the health of surgeons, physicians, obstetricians, gynecologists, infectionists and dentists paying very little, if any, attention to health problems of ophthalmologists. This study is intended to bridge this gap. The aim at revealing the current situation and characteristics of health status of ophthalmologists using the results of sociological research and identifying health problems of the respondents in order to determine reliable preventive measures...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578899/saving-lives-and-preventing-injuries-from-unjustified-protective-actions-method-for-developing-a-comprehensive-public-protective-action-strategy-for-a-severe-npp-emergency
#11
J Callen, T McKenna
During the response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) emergency, about 50 patients died during or shortly after an evacuation when they were not provided with the needed medical support. In addition, it has been shown that during the FDNPP emergency there were increases in mortality rates among the elderly due to long-term dislocation as a result of evacuation and relocation orders and an inability to stay in areas where residents were advised to shelter for extended periods. These deaths occurred even though the possible radiation exposure to the public was too low to result in radiation-induced deaths, injuries, or a meaningful increase in the cancer rate, even if no protective actions had been taken...
May 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575887/alcohol-intoxication-among-adolescents-and-children-in-urban-and-rural-environments-a-retrospective-analysis
#12
Agnieszka Pawlowska-Kamieniak, Agnieszka Mroczkowska-Juchkiewicz, Katarzyna Kominek, Paulina Krawiec, Beata Mełges, Elżbieta Pac-Kożuchowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Drinking alcohol by adolescents and children poses a risk of long-term psychological and sociological consequences, often leading to addiction in adulthood. A steady increase in the number of young people reaching for alcohol is worrying. The study analyzes the age and gender of the children, concentration of alcohol in the blood, depending on the origin of the youth (urban or rural). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective analysis of 402 patients hospitalized due to alcohol intoxication in the Department of Paediatrics at Medical University in Lublin, Poland between 2004 - 2013...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575499/keeping-secrets-leslie-e-keeley-the-gold-cure-and-the-nineteenth-century-neuroscience-of-addiction
#13
Timothy A Hickman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Dr Leslie E. Keeley was perhaps the world's most famous addiction cure doctor at the turn of the twentieth century, but mainstream medicine dismissed him as a quack because he dispensed a secret cure. The article aims to describe Keeley's now largely forgotten story and to draw attention to the role of contextual issues in the acceptance or rejection of any theory of addiction, particularly the neuroscientific theories of the early twenty first century. METHODS: This study is a qualitative assessment and contextualisation of historical documents...
March 25, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572248/improving-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Rosemary Hines Fuller, Pablo Perel, Tamara Navarro-Ruan, Robby Nieuwlaat, Robert Brian Haynes, Mark D Huffman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the effect of interventions for improving adherence to medications for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) secondary prevention. METHODS: We extracted eligible trials from a 2014 Cochrane systematic review on adherence for any condition. We updated the search from CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Sociological Abstracts and trial registers through November 2016. Study reports needed to be from a randomised controlled trial, incorporate participants identified as having ASCVD and interventions aimed at improving adherence to medicines for secondary prevention of ASCVD and measure both adherence and a clinical outcome...
March 23, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538641/medical-society-engagement-in-contentious-policy-reform-the-ethiopian-society-for-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-esog-and-ethiopia-s-2005-reform-of-its-penal-code-on-abortion
#15
Sarah Jane Holcombe
Unsafe abortion is one of the three leading causes of maternal mortality in low-income countries; however, few countries have reformed their laws to permit safer, legal abortion, and professional medical associations have not tended to spearhead this type of reform. Support from a professional association typically carries more weight than does that from an individual medical professional. However, theory predicts and the empirical record largely reveals that medical associations shy from engagement in conflictual policymaking such as on abortion, except when professional autonomy or income is at stake...
March 12, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528701/deep-brain-stimulation-for-people-with-alzheimer-s-disease-anticipating-potential-effects-on-the-tripartite-self
#16
John Noel M Viaña, Frederic Gilbert
Memory dysfunction and cognitive impairments due to Alzheimer's disease can affect the selfhood and identity of afflicted individuals, causing distress to both people with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers. Recently, a number of case studies and clinical trials have been conducted to determine the potential of deep brain stimulation as a therapeutic modality for people with Alzheimer's disease. Some of these studies have shown that deep brain stimulation could induce flashbacks and stabilize or even improve memory...
January 1, 2018: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521868/older-nurses-experiences-of-providing-direct-care-in-hospital-nursing-units-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#17
Karen Parsons, Alice Gaudine, Michelle Swab
BACKGROUND: Most developed countries throughout the world are experiencing an aging nursing workforce as their population ages. Older nurses often experience different challenges then their younger nurse counterparts. With the increase in older nurses relative to younger nurses potentially available to work in hospitals, it is important to understand the experience of older nurses on high paced hospital nursing units. This understanding will lend knowledge to ways of lessening the loss of these highly skilled experienced workers and improve patient outcomes...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502981/sexual-activity-sexual-dysfunction-and-sexual-life-quality-among-psychiatric-hospital-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Mi-Chia Ma, Jian-Kang Chao, Jia-Yi Hung, Su-Ching Sung, I-Hsin Candy Chao
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction occurs commonly in patients with psychiatric illness and may be related to the primary mental disorder, comorbidity with sexual disorders or medical illness, or medications used for mental disorders treatment, but the magnitude of this problem is unknown. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of current sexual activity, sexual dysfunction, and sexual attitude and influence of factors on patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a total of 317 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466825/responses-to-warnings-about-the-impact-of-eating-disorders-on-fertility-a-qualitative-study
#19
Su Holmes
Eating disorders (EDs) have often been discussed as a risk to reproductive health. But existing research is quantitative in nature, paying no attention to issues of patient experience. In discussing data from 24 semi-structured interviews, this article draws on sociological approaches to medical 'risk' and feminist approaches to EDs to explore how women with experience of an ED responded to fertility warnings within treatment contexts. In doing so, it is suggested that responses to fertility warnings offer unique insight into the potentially damaging limitations of biomedical approaches to eating problems and their focus on EDs as individual 'pathologies' (rather than culturally embedded expressions of gendered embodiment)...
May 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464773/thinking-with-care-infrastructures-people-devices-and-the-home-in-home-blood-pressure-monitoring
#20
Kate Weiner, Catherine Will
The growing consumer market in health monitoring devices means that technologies that were once the preserve of the clinic are moving into spaces such as homes and workplaces. We consider how one such device, blood pressure monitors, comes to be integrated into everyday life. We pursue the concept of 'care infrastructure', drawing on recent scholarship in STS and medical sociology, to illuminate the work and range of people, things and spaces involved in self-monitoring. Drawing on a UK study involving observations and interviews with 31 people who have used a consumer blood pressure monitor, we apply the concept beyond chronic illness, to practices involving consumer devices - and develop a critical account of its value...
February 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
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