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Haroldo Falcão Ramos da Cunha, Jorge Ibrain Figueira Salluh, Maria de Fátima França
OBJECTIVE: Nutritional therapy is an important element in critical ill patient care. Although recognized as specialty, multidisciplinary teams in nutrition support are scarce in our country. Possibly, nutrition support therapy is applied by intensive care physicians and this may vary. The aim of the study is describe these specialists perceptions about theirs attitudes in enteral nutrition support. METHODS: A questionnaire was elaborated in an on-line platform. After pre-validation, it was sent by electronic mail to intensivists...
March 2010: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Maja Batinica, Josip Grgurić, Filip Jadrijević-Cvrlje
Chronic diseases in childhood have become an important priority, especially in developed countries, because of higher prevalence, relatively and absolutely. Besides that, inappropriate procedures a chronically ill child can result in child's growth and development disorder. According to literature data, 15-20% of children have chronic disease with the impact on their physical, mental and emotional status. Disease prevention strategies are described at the primary, secondary and tertiary level: how to avoid occurrence of disease, how to diagnose and treat existent disease in early stages, before it causes significant morbidity, and finally how to reduce negative impact of existent disease by restoring function and reducing disease-related complications - how to improve quality of life of children with chronic diseases...
July 2013: Lijec̆nic̆ki Vjesnik
(no author information available yet)
Beggining in the 1990s, Morita therapy has shifted its principal setting of practice to outpatient format to accommodate the changing needs of the era. Morita therapy has shifted its "Fumon" (strategic inattention) stance to "attending to", and evolved into more dialogue-based psychotherapy. At the same time, much attention has been paid to examine its treatment process, therapist-client relationship, and intervention techniques. The characteristic features of the principles of human understanding in Morita therapy reside in its unique angle to understand phenomena from relations, conceptualize our experiences from dynamism between fear of death and desire for life, and situate Eastern view of nature as its foundation...
2012: Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi, Psychiatria et Neurologia Japonica
Carolina Pelegrini Barbosa, Francisco Rosa Stefanini, Fernando Penha, Miguel Ângelo Góes, Sérgio Antonio Draibe, Maria Eugênia Canziani, Augusto Paranhos Junior
AIM: To evaluate the intraocular pressure and ocular perfusion pressure during a hemodialysis. METHODS: Sixty-seven eyes from thirty-five patients were evaluated at the beggining of hemodialysis, 2 hours and 4 hours after initiation. Intraocular pressure was evaluated using a Tonopen. Systolic and diastolic arterial pressures were measured with a manual sphygmomanometer. The ocular perfusion pressure was estimated by measuring the difference between 2/3 of the mean arterial pressure and the intraocular pressure values...
March 2011: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Biserka Bergman Marković, Davorka Vrdoljak, K Kranjiević
Chronic kidney disease (CCD) is both public health and economic problem worldwide. Every 10th person in the world suffers from CCD. Its major outcomes include progression to chronic kidney failure and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Routine use of diagnostic tests [creatinine level, microalbuminuria test-strips and MDRD formula to estimate glomerular filtration (eGF)] could improve early detection of kidney damage. However, those methods are rarely used in Croatia. Both international and national professional societies guidelines clearly recommend use of erythropoesis stimulating agents (ESA) in predialysis, dialysis and patients with kidney transplant, but mechanisms of guidelines implementation are not properly developed...
September 2009: Acta Medica Croatica: C̆asopis Hravatske Akademije Medicinskih Znanosti
Almiro dos Reis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intravenous regional block is celebrating its 10th anniversary in 2008. Since this is a widely used technique, this milestone should be recorded, the date celebrated, Brazilian anesthesiologists should be remembered of its evolutive process, especially in the last 40 years, and we should pay homage to the individual who started it: August Karl Gustav Bier. CONTENTS: This report describes the beginning of locoregional anesthesia in general and regional intravenous block in particular, since the introduction of garroting of the extremities to the discovery and improvement of needles, syringes, and local anesthetics...
May 2008: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Mary E Huntsberry, Debbie Charles, Kristina M Adams, James L Weed
Providing research pigs with enrichment objects can encourage species-typical behavior such as rooting and foraging. The authors gave pigs hard plastic 'foraging balls' that resembled enrichment devices commonly used for nonhuman primates. Holes were custom-drilled into the balls, and animal caretakers filled them with palatable food items such as jellybeans, unsalted peanuts, cereal, Beggin' Strips, primate biscuits and dog biscuits. Staff members suspended the balls from chains in pigs' enclosures, ensuring that toys did not touch the floor...
September 2008: Lab Animal
Johny Egg, Idrissa Wade
Twenty-five years after the beggining of the policies of adjustment and liberalization which is the situation of the food crops in the countries of the Sahel? The balance-sheet is approached by contrasting the cereals sub sector, facing to a very strong control by the State, and the onion whose growth is related to the increase in the demand of the great urban centers. The increase in the production of cereals was accompanied by deep changes in the structures. The market became more efficient and better integrated on a regional scale...
October 2006: Santé: Cahiers D'étude et de Recherches Francophones
Guelaguetza Vázquez-Ortiz, Patricia Piña-Sánchez, Mauricio Salcedo
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) induces a sequence-specific silencing in eukaryotic cells. This silencing process beggins when long dsRNA is cleaved to 21 to 26 long small RNA by means of the RNAse III-type enzyme Dicer. These small dsRNA are included into silencing effector complexes, that are targeted to complementary sequences. Small RNA dependent gene silencing can be achieved by distinct mechanisms based depending mainly on the nature of target sequences and on the proteins present in the effector complex...
July 2006: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Jun Gotanda
Laryngeal exposure, applying forward and upward force by laryngoscope after placement of the blade head at the vallecula, is most difficult for begginers to learn in tracheal intubation. It is not so easy to practice at home as the laryngoscope is shaped to lift the tongue upward only. Beginners must establish a proper image of moving the left hand for laryngeal exposure and must be trained in this technique prior to tracheal intubation of patients. Not only begginers but also veterans may struggle with intubating mannequins...
July 2005: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
C F Noronha, L A Alves Duro
Orofacial examination was applied in 39 patients with myotonic dystrophy. We made an original table with a scale of punctuation. The group showed a deficit of 43.70%. The female group was 6.16% better than male's. The maternal inherited cases were 3.63% better than the paternal ones. When we separated the groups by decades, there was a tendency to an increasingly better performance as the age of the beggining of symptoms was later. The performance was 10.68% better in the group of patients with 1 to 10 years than in the group with 11 to 20 years of disease...
September 1995: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
E Broda
There is no evolutionary continuity between photochemical abiosynthesis and bacterial photosynthesis. Rather, the photosynthetic bacteria are descendants of fermenters that did not use light. Photosynthesis and respiration, both using electron flow coupled with phosphorylation, have a common origin ('conversion hypothesis'), but photosynthesis came first. Anaerobic (nitrate or sulphate) respiration cannot have preceded photosynthesis as neither nitrate nor sulphate existed on the early earth. Sulphate was made first by photosynthetic sulphur bacteria...
January 1975: Origins of Life
W C Pereira, V J Neves, J Zaclis, N G Barros, C Ferreira, Y Rodrigues
After brief considerations on the symptomatology and ethiopathogeny of megadolichobasilar, five cases of this vascular anomaly are presented. Agreeing with the majority of the papers on the subject, the age of the patients was between the fourth and the sixth decades, all of them presenting arterial hypertension of long duration and advanced atherosclerosis; the neurological findings were varied, having in common the fact of an abrupt (ictal) beggining. The angiographic study of the vertebrobasilar system was basic in the diagnosis in every case...
September 1977: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
F Carrillo Hernández, G Castorena Arellano, J Ramírez Acosta
A group of forty patients with generalized peritonitis was studied comparing their clinical evolution and mortality with the plasma coloidosmotic pressure values (COP). Twentynine patients survived without complications (Group I) this patients had the higher mean COP values, 17.56 mm Hg at the beggining and 19.06 mm Hg at the end of the study. Three patients showed complications directly related with peritonitis but finally survived (Group II). Their mean COP values were 16.08 mm Hg at the beggining and 13...
May 1978: La Prensa Médica Mexicana
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