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Immunisation community strategies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842585/immunisation-timeliness-in-a-cohort-of-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-children
#1
Yolanda G Lovie-Toon, Kerry K Hall, Anne B Chang, Jennie Anderson, Kerry-Ann F O'Grady
BACKGROUND: To evaluate immunisation coverage, timeliness and predictors of delayed receipt in urban Australian Indigenous children during the first 18 months of life. METHODS: Cross-sectional retrospective analysis of data collected from 140 Australian Indigenous children aged < 5 years at the time of enrolment in a prospective cohort study on respiratory illness between 14 February 2013 and 28 January 2015. Children were recruited through an urban community primary health care centre in the Northern suburbs of Brisbane, Queensland...
November 14, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769682/-vaccination-coverage-against-pertussis-in-pregnant-women-of-catalonia-in-the-first-year-of-implementation-of-the-immunisation-program
#2
María Isabel Fernández-Cano, Xavier Espada-Trespalacios, Azahara Reyes-Lacalle, Josep Maria Manresa Domínguez, Lluís Armadans-Gil, Magda Campins-Martí, Gemma Falguera-Puig, Pere Toran Monserrat
INTRODUCTION: The re-emergence of pertussis and the severity of its complications in infants younger than 3 months, were determining factors for starting a vaccination program for pregnant women in the third trimester of gestation in Catalonia in February 2014. This was the first autonomous community to introduce it in Spain. The aim of the study was to estimate the coverage of the program in its first year of implementation. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the data from the Primary Care Centre computerised medical records of pregnant women attending Sexual and Reproductive Health Care centres of the Metropolitan Nord area of the province of Barcelona, part of the Catalan Institute of Health...
October 18, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729081/eradicating-polio-in-pakistan-an-analysis-of-the-challenges-and-solutions-to-this-security-and-health-issue
#3
Shoaib Fahad Hussain, Peter Boyle, Preeti Patel, Richard Sullivan
Since the launch of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988 the global incidence of poliomyelitis has fallen by nearly 99 %. From a situation where wild type poliovirus was endemic in 125 countries across five continents, transmission is now limited to regions of just three countries - Pakistan, Afghanistan and Nigeria. A sharp increase in Pakistan's poliomyelitis cases in 2014 prompted the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee to declare the situation a 'public health emergency of international concern'...
October 12, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727031/the-projected-effectiveness-of-clostridium-difficile-vaccination-as-part-of-an-integrated-infection-control-strategy
#4
Esther van Kleef, Sarah R Deeny, Mark Jit, Barry Cookson, Simon D Goldenberg, W John Edmunds, Julie V Robotham
BACKGROUND: Early clinical trials of a Clostridium difficile toxoid vaccine show efficacy in preventing C. difficile infection (CDI). The optimal patient group to target for vaccination programmes remains unexplored. This study performed a model-based evaluation of the effectiveness of different CDI vaccination strategies, within the context of existing infection prevention and control strategies such as antimicrobial stewardship. METHODS: An individual-based transmission model of CDI in a high-risk hospital setting was developed...
November 4, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686835/equity-in-disease-prevention-vaccines-for-the-older-adults-proceedings-of-a-workshop-melbourne-australia-20-june-2014
#5
C Raina MacIntyre, Robert Menzies, Elizabeth Kpozehouen, Michael Chapman, Joanne Travaglia, Michael Woodward, Lisa Jackson Pulver, Christopher J Poulos, David Gronow, Timothy Adair
On the 20th June, 2014 the National Health and Medical Research Council's Centre for Research Excellence in Population Health "Immunisation in under Studied and Special Risk Populations", in collaboration with the Public Health Association of Australia, hosted a workshop "Equity in disease prevention: vaccines for the older adults". The workshop featured international and national speakers on ageing and vaccinology. The workshop was attended by health service providers, stakeholders in immunisation, ageing, primary care, researchers, government and non-government organisations, community representatives, and advocacy groups...
September 26, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27394698/interventions-for-improving-coverage-of-childhood-immunisation-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#6
REVIEW
Angela Oyo-Ita, Charles S Wiysonge, Chioma Oringanje, Chukwuemeka E Nwachukwu, Olabisi Oduwole, Martin M Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Immunisation is a powerful public health strategy for improving child survival, not only by directly combating key diseases that kill children but also by providing a platform for other health services. However, each year millions of children worldwide, mostly from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), do not receive the full series of vaccines on their national routine immunisation schedule. This is an update of the Cochrane review published in 2011 and focuses on interventions for improving childhood immunisation coverage in LMICs...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27198844/achieving-maternal-and-child-health-gains-in-afghanistan-a-countdown-to-2015-country-case-study
#7
Nadia Akseer, Ahmad S Salehi, S M Moazzem Hossain, M Taufiq Mashal, M Hafiz Rasooly, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Afghanistan experienced a tumultuous period of democracy overshadowed by conflict, widespread insurgency, and an inflow of development assistance. Although there have been several cross-sectional assessments of health gains over the last decade, there has been no systematic analysis of progress and factors influencing maternal and child health in Afghanistan. METHODS: We undertook a comprehensive, systematic assessment of reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health in Afghanistan over the last decade...
June 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947496/quality-vaccines-for-all-people-report-on-the-16th-annual-general-meeting-of-the-developing-countries-vaccine-manufacturers-network-05-07th-october-2015-bangkok-thailand
#8
Sonia Pagliusi, Ching-Chia Ting, Sumana Khomvilai
The Developing Countries Vaccine Manufacturers Network (DCVMN) assembled high-profile leaders from global health organisations and vaccine manufactures for its 16th Annual General Meeting to work towards a common goal: providing quality vaccines for all people. Vaccines contribute to a healthy community and robust health system; the Ebola outbreak has raised awareness of the threat and damage one single infectious disease can make, and it is clear that the world was not prepared. However, more research to better understand emerging infectious agents might lead to suitable vaccines which help prevent future outbreaks...
June 30, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880154/communication-strategies-to-promote-the-uptake-of-childhood-vaccination-in-nigeria-a-systematic-map
#9
Afiong Oku, Angela Oyo-Ita, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Heather Ames, Artur Muloliwa, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: Effective communication is a critical component in ensuring that children are fully vaccinated. Although numerous communication interventions have been proposed and implemented in various parts of Nigeria, the range of communication strategies used has not yet been mapped systematically. This study forms part of the 'Communicate to vaccinate' (COMMVAC) project, an initiative aimed at building research evidence for improving communication with parents and communities about childhood vaccinations in low- and middle-income countries...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26739731/infant-outcomes-after-exposure-to-tdap-vaccine-in-pregnancy-an-observational-study
#10
Tony Walls, Patricia Graham, Helen Petousis-Harris, Linda Hill, Nicola Austin
OBJECTIVE: Pertussis vaccination during pregnancy has recently been recommended in both the USA and UK to prevent pertussis infection in infants. While there are no apparent safety concerns about the administration of Tdap vaccine during pregnancy, there is only limited safety data available. We aimed to closely monitor infants exposed to Tdap during pregnancy to look for any adverse outcomes that may be attributable to the vaccine. DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study, collecting information to evaluate the safety of Tdap vaccine for infants exposed during pregnancy...
January 6, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26691846/mapping-how-information-about-childhood-vaccination-is-communicated-in-two-regions-of-cameroon-what-is-done-and-where-are-the-gaps
#11
Heather Ames, Diangha Mabel Njang, Claire Glenton, Atle Fretheim, Jessica Kaufman, Sophie Hill, Afiong Oku, Julie Cliff, Yuri Cartier, Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Gabriel Rada, Artur Muloliwa, Angela Oyo-Ita, Simon Lewin
BACKGROUND: The 'Communicate to vaccinate' (COMMVAC) project builds research evidence for improving communication with parents and communities about childhood vaccinations in low- and middle-income countries. Understanding and mapping the range of vaccination communication strategies used in different settings is an important component of this work. In this part of the COMMVAC project, our objectives were: (1) to identify the vaccination communication interventions used in two regions of Cameroon; (2) to apply the COMMVAC taxonomy, a global taxonomy of vaccination communication interventions, to these communication interventions to help us classify these interventions, including their purposes and target audiences; and identify whether gaps in purpose or target audiences exist; (3) to assess the COMMVAC taxonomy as a research tool for data collection and analysis...
2015: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522283/-vaccines-building-on-scientific-excellence-and-dispelling-false-myths
#12
Carlo Signorelli
The EU and Italian institutions have recently reiterated their commitment to harmonize and implement vaccination policies as a fundamental strategy for public health. Nonetheless, vaccines are losing public confidence. False myths related to vaccine adverse reactions and commercial interests, combined with the recent judgements of the Court and the "Fluad® episode", are fuelling vaccine hesitancy. In such a context, a lively debate is ongoing in Italian scientific community. Aim of this contribution is to recall the available solid scientific evidence demonstrating that vaccines are among the most effective prevention tools ever invented and recall the economic data that support the cost-effectiveness of the immunisation...
2015: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26459265/extending-the-elderly-and-risk-group-programme-of-vaccination-against-seasonal-influenza-in-england-and-wales-a-cost-effectiveness-study
#13
Marc Baguelin, Anton Camacho, Stefan Flasche, W John Edmunds
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of extending the pre-2013 influenza immunisation programme for high-risk and elderly individuals to those at low risk of developing complications following infection with seasonal influenza. METHODS: We performed an economic evaluation comparing different extensions of the pre-2013 influenza programme to seven possible age groups of low-risk individuals (aged 2-4 years, 50-64 years, 5-16 years, 2-4 and 50-64 years, 2-16 years, 2-16 and 50-64 years, and 2-64 years)...
October 13, 2015: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26144368/job-satisfaction-and-retention-of-midwives-in-rural-nigeria
#14
A A Adegoke, F B Atiyaye, A S Abubakar, A Auta, A Aboda
BACKGROUND: Nigeria is one of the 57 countries with a critical shortage of human resources for health, especially in remote rural areas and in northern states. The National Midwifery Service Scheme (MSS) is one approach introduced by the Government of Nigeria to address the health workforce shortage in rural areas. Since 2009, unemployed, retired and newly graduated midwives are deployed to primary health care (PHC) facilities in rural areas of Nigeria. These midwives form the mainstay of the health system at the primary health care level especially as it relates to the provision of skilled attendance at birth...
October 2015: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26093979/monovalent-type-1-oral-poliovirus-vaccine-given-at-short-intervals-in-pakistan-a-randomised-controlled-four-arm-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Fatima Mir, Farheen Quadri, Ondrej Mach, Imran Ahmed, Zaid Bhatti, Asia Khan, Najeeb Ur Rehman, Elias Durry, Maha Salama, Steven M Oberste, William C Weldon, Roland W Sutter, Anita K M Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Supplementary immunisation activities with oral poliovirus vaccines (OPVs) are usually separated by 4 week intervals; however, shorter intervals have been used in security-compromised areas and for rapid outbreak responses. We assessed the immunogenicity of monovalent type-1 oral poliovirus vaccine (mOPV1) given at shorter than usual intervals in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: This was a multicentre, randomised, controlled, four-arm, open-label, non-inferiority trial done at five primary health-care centres in low-income communities in and around Karachi, Pakistan...
August 2015: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26038100/opportunities-to-improve-postpartum-care-for-mothers-and-infants-design-of-context-specific-packages-of-postpartum-interventions-in-rural-districts-in-four-sub-saharan-african-countries
#16
Els Duysburgh, Birgit Kerstens, Seni Kouanda, Charles Paulin Kaboré, Danielle Belemsaga Yugbare, Peter Gichangi, Gibson Masache, Beatrice Crahay, Gilda Gondola Sitefane, Nafissa Bique Osman, Severiano Foia, Henrique Barros, Sofia Castro Lopes, Susan Mann, Bejoy Nambiar, Tim Colbourn, Marleen Temmerman
BACKGROUND: Postpartum maternal and infant mortality is high in sub-Saharan Africa and improving postpartum care as a strategy to enhance maternal and infant health has been neglected. We describe the design and selection of suitable, context-specific interventions that have the potential to improve postpartum care. METHODS: The study is implemented in rural districts in Burkina Faso, Kenya, Malawi and Mozambique. We used the four steps 'systems thinking' approach to design and select interventions: 1) we conducted a stakeholder analysis to identify and convene stakeholders; 2) we organised stakeholders causal analysis workshops in which the local postpartum situation and challenges and possible interventions were discussed; 3) based on comprehensive needs assessment findings, inputs from the stakeholders and existing knowledge regarding good postpartum care, a list of potential interventions was designed, and; 4) the stakeholders selected and agreed upon final context-specific intervention packages to be implemented to improve postpartum care...
June 3, 2015: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25803792/community-based-intervention-packages-for-reducing-maternal-and-neonatal-morbidity-and-mortality-and-improving-neonatal-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: While maternal, infant and under-five child mortality rates in developing countries have declined significantly in the past two to three decades, newborn mortality rates have reduced much more slowly. While it is recognised that almost half of the newborn deaths can be prevented by scaling up evidence-based available interventions (such as tetanus toxoid immunisation to mothers, clean and skilled care at delivery, newborn resuscitation, exclusive breastfeeding, clean umbilical cord care, and/or management of infections in newborns), many require facility-based and outreach services...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25631314/understanding-the-motivation-and-performance-of-community-health-volunteers-involved-in-the-delivery-of-health-programmes-in-kampala-uganda-a-realist-evaluation-protocol
#18
Gaëlle Vareilles, Jeanine Pommier, Sumit Kane, Gabriel Pictet, Bruno Marchal
INTRODUCTION: The recruitment of community health volunteers to support the delivery of health programmes is a well-established approach in many countries, particularly where health services are not readily available. However, studies on management of volunteers are scarce and current research on human resource management of volunteers faces methodological challenges. This paper presents the protocol of a realist evaluation that aims at identifying the factors influencing the performance of community health volunteers involved in the delivery of a Red Cross immunisation programme in Kampala (Uganda) with a specific focus on motivation...
2015: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25461457/immunization-in-cancer-patients-where-we-stand
#19
REVIEW
Christine Robin, Florence Beckerich, Catherine Cordonnier
An increasing proportion of cancer patients benefit from new treatment strategies. However, infection remains a main cause of morbidity and mortality, either due to the underlying diseases, to treatment, or both. Although most opportunistic infections are sofar not routinely preventable by vaccines, community infections such as invasive pneumococcal disease and influenza may be avoided by vaccines in many instances. The immune response of cancer patients to vaccines is almost constantly depressed when compared to the one of healthy individuals of the same age range...
February 2015: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25211356/the-influence-of-compositional-and-contextual-factors-on-non-receipt-of-basic-vaccines-among-children-of-12-23-month-old-in-india-a-multilevel-analysis
#20
Daouda Sissoko, Helen Trottier, Denis Malvy, Mira Johri
BACKGROUND: Children unreached by vaccination are at higher risk of poor health outcomes and India accounts for nearly a quarter of unvaccinated children worldwide. The objective of this study was to investigate compositional and contextual determinants of non-receipt of childhood vaccines in India using multilevel modelling. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We studied characteristics of unvaccinated children using the District Level Health and Facility Survey 3, a nationally representative probability sample containing 65 617 children aged 12-23 months from 34 Indian states and territories...
2014: PloS One
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