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Thrombosis and children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153735/clinical-and-laboratory-characteristics-of-antithrombin-deficiencies-a-large-cohort-study-from-a-single-diagnostic-center
#1
Réka Gindele, Anna Selmeczi, Zsolt Oláh, Péter Ilonczai, György Pfliegler, Erzsébet Marján, László Nemes, Ágnes Nagy, Hajna Losonczy, Gorana Mitic, Mirjana Kovac, Gábor Balogh, István Komáromi, Ágota Schlammadinger, Katalin Rázsó, Zoltán Boda, László Muszbek, Zsuzsanna Bereczky
INTRODUCTION: Inherited antithrombin (AT) deficiency is a heterogeneous disease. Due to low prevalence, only a few studies are available concerning genotype-phenotype associations. The aim was to describe the clinical, laboratory and genetic characteristics of AT deficiency in a large cohort including children and to add further laboratory data on the different sensitivity of functional AT assays. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Non-related AT deficient patients (n=156) and their family members (total n=246) were recruited...
October 31, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152929/the-role-of-echocardiography-in-kawasaki-disease
#2
Brian W McCrindle, Barbara Cifra
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute, self-limited vasculitis affecting young children. It can result in coronary artery abnormalities in a significant proportion of patients, especially if the diagnosis is missed or treatment gets delayed. Echocardiography is the imaging modality of choice for detection of coronary artery abnormalities and assessment of myocardial function. It is also useful for characterization and risk stratification of patients with KD. Echocardiography should be performed at the time of diagnosis and then again at 1-2 weeks and 4-6 weeks after treatment, for uncomplicated cases who do not have significant coronary artery involvement...
November 19, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147674/pediatric-otogenic-sigmoid-sinus-thrombosis-case-report-and-literature-reappraisal
#3
Andrea Scherer, Andrew Jea
The purpose of this study was to review our experience with a single case of mastoiditis associated with sigmoid sinus thrombosis and increased intracranial pressure, and to review the experience of others through prior publications. We reviewed a case of a 6-year-old boy with an acute otitis media and mastoiditis, with associated ipsilateral sigmoid sinus and contralateral distal transverse sinus thrombosis. Based on the literature and our own experience, we conclude that most children with dural sinus thrombosis from acute otitis media and mastoiditis, in the setting of increased intracranial pressure, attain a good neurological outcome with a conservative neurosurgical approach...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135819/prophylactic-rtpa-in-the-prevention-of-line-associated-thrombosis-and-infection-in-short-bowel-syndrome
#4
Lynn M Malec, James Cooper, Jeffrey Rudolph, Marian G Michaels, Margaret V Ragni
BACKGROUND: Central venous access devices (CVADs) are essential for total parenteral nutrition administration in patients with short bowel syndrome (SBS). However, they are fraught with complications including infection and venous thromboembolism (VTE), which increases associated morbidity and mortality in this population. There is evidence linking the development of CVAD-associated thrombosis and line-related infection. Thus, it has been postulated that prevention of catheter-related clot formation could minimize the risk of infection originating from the catheter...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117965/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-d-dimer-in-children
#5
Jessica Kanis, Cassandra L Hall, Jonathan Pike, Jeffrey A Kline
BACKGROUND: We sought to measure the diagnostic accuracy of D-dimer in children with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: We queried our electronic medical record for quantitative D-dimer values obtained in all children ages 5-17 over 10 years in our 10-hospital system. Patients who had a D-dimer obtained in the evaluation of PE underwent supervised chart review to extract baseline demographics (age, sex, ethnicity), medical history, laboratory data and imaging results...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117964/clinical-characteristics-of-children-evaluated-for-suspected-pulmonary-embolism-with-d-dimer-testing
#6
Jessica Kanis, Jonathan Pike, Cassandra L Hall, Jeffrey A Kline
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine clinical variables in children tested for suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) that predict PE+ outcome for the development of paediatric PE prediction rule. METHODS: Data were collected by query of a laboratory database for D-dimer from January 2004 to December 2014 for a large multicentre hospital system and the radiology database for pulmonary vascular imaging in children aged 5-17. Using explicit, predefined methods, trained abstractors, determined if D-dimer was sent in the evaluation of PE and then recorded predictor data which was tested for association with PE+ outcome using univariate techniques...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115714/deep-vein-thrombosis-in-pediatric-patients
#7
REVIEW
Julie Jaffray, Guy Young
Due to advances in caring for critically ill children and those with chronic diseases, rates of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are increasing in children. Risk factors consist of central venous catheters, chronic medical conditions, thrombophilia, and various medications. Compression Doppler ultrasonography is the method most commonly used to diagnose DVT, and patients will usually present with pain and swelling of the affected limb. Anticoagulation via subcutaneous injection is the most common treatment regime for children with DVT, and the new, direct oral anticoagulants are currently under investigation...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114412/methylene-tetrahydrofolate-reductase-deficiency-the-hidden-risk-in-paediatric-anaesthesia
#8
Zeynep Nur Orhon, Emine Nursen Koltka, Sevil Tüfekçi, Çiğdem Buldağ, Alperen Kısa, Çiğdem Ulukaya Durakbaşa, Melek Çelik
Objective: Methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder that results in increased homocysteine levels in the body. Hyperhomocysteinemia causes a predisposition to venous and arterial thrombosis and ischaemic insults. The incidence of the deficiency is around 40% in some countries. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of anaesthetic agents in children with MTHFR deficiency. Methods: Twelve paediatric patients with an MTHFR enzyme deficiency who underwent surgery in a ten-month period in a single centre were retrospectively evaluated...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106876/early-signs-and-symptoms-of-intracranial-complications-of-otitis-media-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-a-different-presentation
#9
N A Van der Poel, E van Spronsen, D A Dietz de Loos, F A Ebbens
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review the clinical presentation and early signs and symptoms of otogenic intracranial complications (OIC) in children and adults. METHODS: retrospective chart review. The medical records of all children and adults admitted in our center with OIC during the period 2008-2017 were reviewed. Data concerning clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: We included 47 patients with OIC: 21 children (range 1-13 years) and 26 adults (range 22-71 years)...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100908/quality-of-life-in-children-participating-in-a-non-selective-inr-self-monitoring-vka-education-programme
#10
Pascal Amedro, Fanny Bajolle, Helena Bertet, Radhia Cheurfi, Dominique Lasne, Erika Nogue, Pascal Auquier, Marie-Christine Picot, Damien Bonnet
BACKGROUND: The quality of life (QoL) of children receiving vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment has been scarcely studied. AIM: To assess QoL of children, and its evolution, throughout our non-selective international normalized ratio (INR) self-monitoring education programme. METHODS: Children and parents completed QoL questionnaires (Qualin, PedsQL) during education sessions. Scores were compared with those from controls. RESULTS: A total of 111 children (mean±standard deviation age 8...
October 31, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099537/use-of-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheters-piccs-in-children-receiving-autologous-or-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Stefano Benvenuti, Rosanna Ceresoli, Giovanni Boroni, Filippo Parolini, Fulvio Porta, Daniele Alberti
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study was to present our experience with the use of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) in pediatric patients receiving autologous or allogenic blood stem-cell transplantation. The insertion of the device in older children does not require general anesthesia and does not require a surgical procedure. METHODS: From January 2014 to January 2017, 13 PICCs were inserted as a central venous device in 11 pediatric patients submitted to 14 autologous or allogeneic stem-cell transplantation, at the Bone Marrow Transplant Unit of the Children's Hospital of Brescia...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097267/spontaneous-neonatal-renal-vein-thromboses-should-we-treat-them-all-a-report-of-five-cases-and-a-literature-review
#12
François Niada, René Tabin, Simon Kayemba-Kay's
Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is a rare but well-known neonatal entity for which several therapeutic modalities are reported in the literature because of the lack of consensus management guidelines. POPULATION AND METHODS: A retrospective study of the medical records of children managed between January 1990 and December 2013, and whose final diagnosis was RVT. The diagnosis was initially clinical and subsequently confirmed by the abdominal ultrasonography (AUS) and Doppler imaging if necessary...
October 9, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068869/dural-venous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-following-immunoglobulin-treatment-in-pediatric-patient-with-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#13
Kyung Mi Park, Eu Jeen Yang, Young Tak Lim
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a widely used agent as the first choice of treatment of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). IVIG has several side effects, but it is a relatively safe treatment. Life-threatening thrombosis has been reported in adults and rarely in children. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy with dural venous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after treatment with IVIG for ITP. The patient was treated with low-molecular-weight heparin followed by warfarin and the symptoms were recovered...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054126/a-review-of-periorbital-cellulitis-guidelines-in-fifty-one-acute-admitting-units-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
Arthur C O Okonkwo, Steven Powell, Sean Carrie, Stephen L Ball
Periorbital cellulitis is an acute infection of the periorbital soft tissues with potential sight and life threatening complications that most commonly occurs in children([1]) . Post-septal abscess formation can cause loss of sight; furthermore, posterior spread of infection may progress to cavernous sinus thrombosis and intracranial infection([1, 2]) . In England April 2014-March 2015, 3687 patients attended hospital with periorbital cellulitis costing the National Health Service over £9.5 million per annum before considering the cost of treating its complications([3]) ...
October 20, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050117/-pediatric-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-with-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
N Dong, X Y Dong
Objective: To explore clinical features of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome combined with pulmonary embolism. Method: A retrospective analysis of a patient with idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome and pulmonary embolism diagnosed and treated in the Respiratory Department of Shanghai Children's Hospital in September 2016 was performed. A literature search was performed with"Eosinophils increased, thrombosis"as the Chinese keywords in Wanfang database and"idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome, deep vein thrombosis"as the English key words in PubMed database...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044674/haem-is-associated-with-thrombosis-in-neonates-and-infants-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#16
M Stolla, K Henrichs, J M Cholette, A P Pietropaoli, R P Phipps, S L Spinelli, N Blumberg
BACKGROUND: Haem levels are associated with thrombosis in a variety of diseases, as well as being a contributing cause of thrombotic events in animal models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed samples from 39 children who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, including 15 children who developed a postoperative thrombosis and 24 controls. RESULTS: Patients who developed thrombosis postoperatively had statistically significant higher average haem levels over time (presurgery to 12 h postsurgery) compared to patients who did not develop thrombosis...
October 16, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035980/incidence-of-symptomatic-pulmonary-embolus-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-knee-arthroscopy-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-population
#17
Brian C Lau, Jason Jagodzinski, Nirav K Pandya
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after pediatric knee arthroscopy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population in a high-volume center. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent arthroscopy of the knee for a sports-related injury by 2 surgeons were reviewed...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032119/a-systematic-review-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-systemic-corticosteroids-in-atopic-dermatitis
#18
Sherry Yu, Aaron M Drucker, Mark Lebwohl, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Systemic corticosteroids are often used to treat atopic dermatitis (AD). However, few studies assessed the safety and efficacy of systemic corticosteroids in AD. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature on efficacy and safety of systemic corticosteroid use (oral, intramuscular, intravenous) in AD. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched. We included systematic reviews, guidelines and treatment reviews of systemic corticosteroid use among patients of all ages with a diagnosis of AD (52 reviews and 12 studies)...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030498/late-recanalization-of-basilar-artery-occlusion-in-a-previously-healthy-17-month-old-child
#19
D Andrew Wilkinson, Aditya S Pandey, Hugh J Garton, Luis Savastano, Julius Griauzde, Neeraj Chaudhary, Joseph J Gemmete
Endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke in children is increasingly being reported, although the time window for intervention is unclear. We describe a previously healthy 17-month-old child who presented with vertebral artery thrombosis and cerebellar stroke requiring posterior fossa decompression. She later progressed to basilar artery thrombosis treated with mechanical thrombectomy 50 hours after clinical decline. At 3 month follow-up, the patient had a modified Rankin Scale score of 0.
October 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030063/immediate-and-midterm-results-of-balloon-angioplasty-for-recurrent-aortic-coarctation-in-children-aged-1-year
#20
Bruno Lefort, Matthias Lachaud, Jean Marc El Arid, Paul Neville, Nathalie Soulé, Patrice Guérin, Alain Chantepie
BACKGROUND: Several publications have considered results of percutaneous angioplasty for aortic recoarctation, but none focused on procedures performed in children aged<1 year. AIMS: To describe the immediate and midterm results of balloon angioplasty for recoarctation before the age of 1 year, and to define the factors that might influence outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 20 consecutive children undergoing percutaneous dilatation for aortic recoarctation before the age of 1 year in the University Hospitals of Tours and Nantes...
October 10, 2017: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
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