keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

HbSC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529392/school-composition-school-culture-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-young-people-s-health-multi-level-analysis-of-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-survey-in-wales
#1
Graham F Moore, Hannah J Littlecott, Rhiannon Evans, Simon Murphy, Gillian Hewitt, Adam Fletcher
Health inequalities emerge during childhood and youth, before widening in adulthood. Theorising, testing and interrupting the mechanisms through which inequalities are perpetuated and sustained is vital. Schools are viewed as settings through which inequality in young people's health may be addressed, but few studies examine the social processes via which institutional structures reproduce or mitigate health inequalities. Informed by Markham and Aveyard's theory of human functioning and school organisation, including their concept of institutional boundaries, critical theories of marketisation and the concept of micro-political practices within schools, this paper presents analysis of student survey data (N = 9055) from 82 secondary schools in Wales...
April 2017: British Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489923/differences-of-microparticle-patterns-between-sickle-cell-anemia-and-hemoglobin-sc-patients
#2
Yohann Garnier, Séverine Ferdinand, Maryse Etienne-Julan, Gisèle Elana, Marie Petras, Lydia Doumdo, Benoit Tressières, Marie-Laure Lalanne-Mistrih, Marie-Dominique Hardy-Dessources, Philippe Connes, Marc Romana
Sickle cell anemia (SCA) and hemoglobin SC (HbSC) disease are the two most common forms of sickle cell disease (SCD), a frequent hemoglobinopathy which exhibits a highly variable clinical course. Although high levels of microparticles (MPs) have been consistently reported in SCA and evidence of their harmful impact on the SCA complication occurrences have been provided, no data on MP pattern in HbSC patients has been reported so far. In this study, we determined and compared the MP patterns of 84 HbSC and 96 SCA children, all at steady-state, using flow cytometry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486676/associations-between-self-rated-health-mental-health-problems-and-physical-inactivity-among-urban-adolescents
#3
Marketa Lachytova, Zuzana Katreniakova, Pavol Mikula, Marian Jendrichovsky, Iveta Nagyova
Self-rated health is a valid and reliable subjective indicator of general health. We aimed to assess the associations between self-rated health, mental health problems, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and BMI among Slovak urban adolescents. Data were collected within the EU-FP7: EURO-URHIS 2 (The European Health Indicator System Part 2) project in two largest Slovak cities: Bratislava and Kosice. Sample included 1111 adolescents (response rate 73.7%, mean age 14.32 ± 0.48 years, 52.8% boys). Self-rated health was measured with the first item from the Short Form Health Survey 36 questionnaire, mental health problems were assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and for physical activity and sedentary behaviour questions from the WHO HBSC questionnaire were used...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435652/stroke-in-a-child-with-hemoglobin-sc-disease-a-case-report-describing-use-of-hydroxyurea-after-transfusion-therapy
#4
Diana Fridlyand, Caroline Wilder, E Leila Jerome Clay, Bruce Gilbert, Betty S Pace
Children with hemoglobin SC (HbSC) disease suffer a significant incidence of silent cerebral infarcts but stroke is rare. A 2-year-old African American boy with HbSC disease presented with focal neurologic deficits associated with magnetic resonance imaging evidence of cerebral infarction with vascular abnormalities. After the acute episode he was treated with monthly transfusions and subsequently transitioned to hydroxyurea therapy. The benefits of hydroxyurea as a fetal hemoglobin inducer in HbSC disease, to ameliorate clinical symptoms are supported by retrospective studies...
March 22, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426137/hydroxyurea-hydroxycarbamide-for-sickle-cell-disease
#5
REVIEW
Sarah J Nevitt, Ashley P Jones, Jo Howard
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is one of the most common inherited diseases worldwide. It is associated with lifelong morbidity and a reduced life expectancy. Hydroxyurea (hydroxycarbamide), an oral chemotherapeutic drug, ameliorates some of the clinical problems of SCD, in particular that of pain, by raising fetal haemoglobin. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane Review. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of hydroxyurea therapy in people with SCD (all genotypes), of any age, regardless of setting...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399351/experience-of-czech-children-with-alcohol-consumption-in-relation-to-selected-family-indicators
#6
Lenka Hodačová, Jindra Šmejkalová, Eva Čermáková, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to monitor and analyze the influence of chosen family indicators related to alcohol consumption and experience of drunkenness in a representative sample of Czech children. METHODS: Data for our work were obtained from the Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study - a World Health Organization (WHO) cross national study. The sample consisted of 4,293 children aged 11, 13 and 15 years. Data collection was conducted in June 2010 in 88 randomly selected schools in the Czech Republic using standardized questionnaires...
March 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384522/poor-nutrition-and-bullying-behaviors-a-comparison-of-deviant-and-non-deviant-youth
#7
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright
Research on the topic of bullying has revealed that a substantial number of youth are bullied each year. Even so, a complete understanding of the origins of bullying behaviors remains elusive. In the current study, we propose that poor nutrition may constitute an important modifiable risk factor for bullying behaviors during adolescence, and that behavioral sensitivity to nutrition may vary across deviant and non-deviant youth. We employ data from the US sample of youth (52% male) ages 10-17 from the 2009-2010 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study to examine our hypothesis (N = 8753)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382831/psychometric-properties-of-the-five-item-version-of-the-mindful-awareness-attention-scale-maas-in-norwegian-adolescents
#8
Otto R F Smith, Ole Melkevik, Oddrun Samdal, Torill M Larsen, Ellen Haug
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to examine the factor structure, model-based reliability, measurement invariance and concurrent validity of the five-item version of the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS) in Norwegian adolescents. METHODS: An initial pilot study was carried out using a sample of 77 fifteen year olds. For the main analyses, a sample of 2140 Norwegian adolescents was used who participated in the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340189/the-relationship-between-pain-severity-and-alcohol-use-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-drinking-motives
#9
Claudia Horn-Hofmann, Zina Trost, Anne Hublet, Sylvie Mrug, Joris Van Damme, Tine Vervoort
Objective. : Evidence from adult samples suggests a co-occurrence between pain and alcohol abuse. However, studies in adolescents are scarce and results are inconsistent, with some studies observing heightened and others observing reduced alcohol consumption in adolescents suffering from pain. We hypothesized that in adolescents the association between pain and alcohol use will be moderated by drinking motives. Methods. : Data from a large representative sample of Flemish school children and adolescents (N = 10,650, 50...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221266/body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-vaso-occlusive-crises-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#10
Andrea Zivot, Nataly Apollonsky, Edward Gracely, Deepti Raybagkar
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) historically have been underweight and have poor overall growth. Recent studies have demonstrated a trend toward obesity in pediatric SCD populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through retrospective chart review of patients with SCD followed at our center, we collected patient's data, including body mass index (BMI), weight percentiles, sickle cell genotype, baseline hemoglobin, medical and psychiatric comorbidities, 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, treatment with hydroxyurea, and chronic transfusions...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159023/factors-affecting-the-well-being-of-adolescents-living-with-unemployed-parents-in-times-of-economic-recession-findings-from-the-portuguese-hbsc-study
#11
D Frasquilho, M G de Matos, A Marques, T Gaspar, J M Caldas-de-Almeida
OBJECTIVES: Using a national representative sample of adolescents with unemployed parents, this study examined which factors (sociodemographic and of satisfaction with family life and peers) are related to the negative effect of parents' unemployment on emotional well-being. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. METHODS: Data on adolescents (14.1 ± 1.7 years old), with at least one parent unemployed (n = 1311, 53.2% girls), was provided by the Portuguese Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#12
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040734/social-inequality-in-adolescents-healthy-food-intake-the-interplay-between-economic-social-and-cultural-capital
#13
Bart De Clercq, Thomas Abel, Irene Moor, Frank J Elgar, John Lievens, Isabelle Sioen, Lutgart Braeckman, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: Current explanations of health inequalities in adolescents focus on behavourial and economic determinants and rarely include more meaningful forms of economic, cultural, and social capital. The aim of the study was to investigate how the interplay between capitals constitutes social inequalities in adolescent healthy food intake. METHODS: Data were collected in the 2013/14 Flemish Health Behavior among School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, which is part of the international WHO HBSC survey...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005272/prophylactic-versus-selective-blood-transfusion-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-pregnancy
#14
REVIEW
Babasola O Okusanya, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with sickle cell disease (HbSS, HbSC and HbSβThal) may require blood transfusion to prevent severe anaemia or to manage potential medical complications. Preventive blood transfusion in the absence of complications starting from the early weeks of pregnancy or blood transfusion only for medical or obstetric indications have been used as management policies. There is currently no consensus on the blood transfusion policy that guarantees optimal clinical benefits with minimal risks for such women and their babies...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984631/interim-assessment-of-liver-damage-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-using-new-non-invasive-techniques
#15
Emma Drasar, Emer Fitzpatrick, Kate Gardner, Moji Awogbade, Anil Dhawan, Adrian Bomford, Abid Suddle, Swee L Thein
We explored transient elastography (TE) and enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF(™) ) score with standard markers of liver function to assess liver damage in 193 well patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Patients with HbSS or HbSβ(0) thalassaemia (sickle cell anaemia, SCA; N = 134), had significantly higher TE results and ELF scores than those with HbSC (N = 49) disease (TE, 6·8 vs. 5·3, P < 0·0001 and ELF, 9·2 vs. 8·6 P < 0·0001). In SCA patients, TE and ELF correlated significantly with age and all serum liver function tests (LFTs)...
February 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982424/knowledge-insufficient-the-management-of-haemoglobin-sc-disease
#16
REVIEW
Lydia H Pecker, Beverly A Schaefer, Lori Luchtman-Jones
Although haemoglobin SC (HbSC) accounts for 30% of sickle cell disease (SCD) in the United States and United Kingdom, evidence-based guidelines for genotype specific management are lacking. The unique pathology of HbSC disease is complex, characterized by erythrocyte dehydration, intracellular sickling and increased blood viscosity. The evaluation and treatment of patients with HbSC is largely inferred from studies of SCD consisting mostly of haemoglobin SS (HbSS) patients. These studies are underpowered to allow definitive conclusions about HbSC...
February 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957790/transcranial-doppler-in-hemoglobin-sc-disease
#17
Camilo Vieira, Carolina Nogueira Costa de Oliveira, Ludmila Araújo Borges de Figueiredo, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Corynne Stephanie Ahouefa Adanho, Sanzio Silva Santana, Caroline Lang Burak, Isa Menezes Lyra, Marilda Souza Goncalves
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a severe clinical disorder in sickle cell disease (SCD), and few studies have evaluated transcranial Doppler (TCD) flow velocities in hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC). The guidelines for stroke risk are based on evaluations in sickle cell anemia (SCA) or HbS/β thalassemia. PROCEDURE: In this study, we compare cerebral blood flow in patients with SCD stratified by genotypes. A total of 1,664 pediatric patients with SCD underwent TCD velocity screening, and the time-averaged maximum mean velocity (TAMM) was determined in the middle cerebral artery (MCA), anterior cerebral artery (ACA), and distal intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA)...
May 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955660/the-role-of-community-social-capital-in-the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-adolescent-life-satisfaction-mediating-or-moderating-evidence-from-czech-data
#18
Thomas Buijs, Lea Maes, Ferdinand Salonna, Joris Van Damme, Anne Hublet, Vladimir Kebza, Caroline Costongs, Candace Currie, Bart De Clercq
BACKGROUND: The concept of social capital has been extensively used to explain the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent health and well-being. Much less is known about the specific mechanism through which social capital impacts the relationship. This paper investigates whether an individual's perception of community social capital moderates or mediates the association between SES and life satisfaction. METHODS: This study employs cross-sectional data from the 2009-2010 Czech Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children survey: a WHO Collaborative Cross-National Study (HBSC)...
December 12, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930902/a-large-scale-national-study-of-gambling-severity-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-adolescents-the-role-of-the-family
#19
Natale Canale, Alessio Vieno, Mark D Griffiths, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Patrizia Lemma, Paola Dalmasso, Massimo Santinello
AIM: The primary aim of the present study was to examine the association between immigrant generation, family sociodemographic characteristics, and problem gambling severity in a large-scale nationally representative sample of Italian youth. METHOD: Data from the 2013-2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Survey were used for cross-sectional analyses of adolescent problem gambling. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by a representative sample of 20,791 15-year-old students...
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#20
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
keyword
keyword
88366
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"