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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332172/spirituality-as-a-protective-health-asset-for-young-people-an-international-comparative-analysis-from-three-countries
#1
Fiona Brooks, Valerie Michaelson, Nathan King, Jo Inchley, William Pickett
OBJECTIVES: Spirituality has been proposed as a potential health asset a 'developmental engine' that works by fostering the search for connectedness, meaning and purpose. The aim is to examine to what extent spiritual health might be protective of young people's overall health and well-being. METHODS: In 2014, young people aged 11, 13, and 15 years in England, Scotland and Canada were surveyed as part of the HBSC study (n = 26,701). The perceived importance of spiritual health and domains (connections with self, others, nature, and the transcendent) was measured in these countries...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315391/international-trends-in-bottom-end-inequality-in-adolescent-physical-activity-and-nutrition-hbsc-study-2002-2014
#2
Yekaterina Chzhen, Irene Moor, William Pickett, Emilia Toczydlowska, Gonneke W J M Stevens
Background: In spite of many positive trends that have emerged in the health of young people, adolescents from more affluent groups continue to experience more favourable health outcomes. There are no groups that are more vulnerable than those who report very poor ('bottom-end') indicators of health behaviour. The present study investigated the role of socio-economic factors as potential determinants of bottom-end health behaviours pertaining to physical activity and diet. Methods: Our analysis incorporated health data for some 700 000 15-year-old adolescents in 34 countries...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297857/trends-in-adolescent-overweight-prevalence-in-italy-according-to-socioeconomic-position
#3
Giacomo Lazzeri, Paola Dalmasso, Paola Berchialla, Alberto Borraccino, Lorena Charrier, Mariano V Giacchi, Rita Simi, Michela Lenzi, Alessio Vieno, Patrizia Lemma, Franco Cavallo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to update the trend in overweight (including obesity) prevalence among Italian adolescents, evaluating possible differences by age and gender, and analyzing their relationships with socioeconomic status, between 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Italian HBSC study at four time points (2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014), which involved 15 035 adolescents, aged 11-13-15 (7540 boys and 7495 girls). RESULTS: Gender and age were associated with the occurrence of overweight...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294894/cyberbullying-victimization-as-a-predictor-of-cyberbullying-perpetration-body-image-dissatisfaction-healthy-eating-and-dieting-behaviors-and-life-satisfaction
#4
Leslie Ramos Salazar
Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration continues to be a serious public health, criminal justice, victimology, and educational problem in middle schools in the United States. Adolescents are at a higher risk of experiencing cyberbullying as a victim and/or as a bully given the frequency of their use of the Internet via social networking sites such as Facebook and mobile devices such as cell phones and tablets. To address this important problem, the purpose of this investigation was to examine cyberbullying victimization through communication technology as a predictor of cyberbullying perpetration, body image, healthy eating and dieting behaviors, and life satisfaction of sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade-level middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282225/risk-of-invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-england-a-national-observational-cohort-study-2010-2015
#5
Godwin Oligbu, Sarah Collins, Carmen Sheppard, Norman Fry, Moira Dick, Allison Streetly, Shamez Ladhani
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, risk factors, serotype distribution and outcomes of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) following the introduction of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in the UK. DESIGN: Prospective national newborn screening for SCD and enhanced national IPD surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: Children with SCD born in England between 1 September 2010 and 31 August 2014 who developed laboratory-confirmed IPD by 31 December 2015...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259931/bone-marrow-necrosis-and-fat-embolism-syndrome-a-dreadful-complication-of-hemoglobin-sickle-cell-disease
#6
Eduardo Pelegrineti Targueta, André Carramenha de Góes Hirano, Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos, João Augusto Dos Santos Martines, Silvana Maria Lovisolo, Aloisio Felipe-Silva
Sickle cell disease encompasses a wide range of genotypic presentation with particular clinical features. The entity affects millions of people, particularly those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa and other countries in the Western Hemisphere, Saudi Arabia, and India. Currently, the high frequency of S and C genes reflects natural selection through the protection of heterozygotes against severe malaria, the high frequency of consanguineous marriages, improvement of some public health policies and the nutritional standards in the poorer countries where newborns are now living long enough to present for diagnosis and management...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153073/social-support-from-developmental-contexts-and-adolescent-substance-use-and-well-being-a-comparative-study-of-spain-and-portugal
#7
Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Inês Camacho, Francisco Rivera, Carmen Moreno, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
The aim of this study was to analyse the contribution of social support from family, friend and school (teacher and classmate) contexts in substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) and well-being (life satisfaction and health-related quality of life). Participants were 5,784 Portuguese and 22,610 Spanish adolescents aged 11 to 16 years, from the 2014 edition of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Portugal and Spain. Results showed that for a higher life satisfaction, family (p < .001, partial η2 = ...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147675/newborn-screening-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-st-vincent-and-the-grenadines-results-of-a-pilot-newborn-screening-program
#8
Shelly-Ann Williams, Beneka Browne-Ferdinand, Ynolde Smart, Kristen Morella, Susan G Reed, Julie Kanter
Objective: To pilot a newborn screening program for sickle cell disease (SCD) in St. Vincent and the Grenadines using a novel partnership method to determine the feasibility of a universal newborn screening program in this country. Methods: A prospective study of mothers and their newborns was conducted between January 1, 2015, and November 1, 2015, at the country's main hospital. Mothers of infants born at this hospital were offered screening for SCD for their infants. If accepted, the newborn's heel-stick blood specimen was obtained and mailed to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Newborn Screening Laboratory for testing...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143158/being-a-young-migrant-in-italy-the-effect-of-perceived-social-support-in-adolescence
#9
Paola Dalmasso, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Paola Berchialla, Franco Cavallo, Patrizia Lemma
Parental and peer support seems to be a favourable determining factor in the acculturation process among young immigrants. We aimed to assess the level of perceived support among first- and second-generation adolescent immigrants and compare it to that perceived by the adolescents from the host population. Using Italian HBSC survey data collected in 2013-2014, first- and second-generation immigrants aged 11, 13 and 15 years were classified according to their ethnic background as being from Western countries, Eastern European countries, or from non-Western/non-European countries...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090855/poor-health-and-experiences-of-being-bullied-in-adolescents-self-perceived-overweight-and-frustration-with-appearance-matter
#10
Yi-Ching Lin, Janet D Latner, Xavier C C Fung, Chung-Ying Lin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between body image (actual and self-perceived weight status; feelings about appearance) and health outcomes (overall health, life satisfaction, and mental health) and between body image and experiences of being bullied. METHODS: Participants included 8,303 children from 7th to 10th grade in the Health Behavior of School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2009-2010 data set, a large-scale sample in the United States. Several multiple linear regressions (with health outcomes as dependent variables) and multivariate logistic regressions (with being bullied or not as dependent variable) were conducted to investigate the associations between each dependent variable and the following independent variables: relationship with parents, frustration with appearance, and actual and self-perceived weight status...
November 1, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077563/physical-activity-bmi-and-body-weight-perception-among-15-year-old-boys-and-girls-in-poland-in-the-light-of-international-comparisons
#11
Dorota Kleszczewska, Anna Dzielska, Hanna Nałęcz, Joanna Mazur
BACKGROUND: The wrong subjective assessment of body mass may have consequences for the health, quality of life and proper functioning of adolescents in society. AIM: The purpose of the study is to provide a detailed analysis of the discrepancies between the objective and subjective assessment of body mass by 15-year-old boys and girls in Poland against the background of international statistics and to assess the effect of physical activity on the level and directions of these discrepancies...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061173/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-among-swedish-adolescents-adding-the-subjective-perspective
#12
Mikael Ahlborg, Petra Svedberg, Maria Nyholm, Antony Morgan, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health predict future inequalities in adult health. Subjective measures of socioeconomic status (SES) may contribute with an increased understanding of these inequalities. The aim of this study was to investigate socioeconomic health inequalities using both a subjective and an objective measure of SES among Swedish adolescents. METHOD: Cross-sectional HBSC-data from 2002 to 2014 was used with a total sample of 23,088 adolescents aged 11-15 years...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056315/diet-quality-and-bullying-among-a-cross-national-sample-of-youth
#13
Dylan B Jackson
Bullying perpetration and victimization have been linked to a number of high-risk health behaviors, including involvement in sedentary activities and sleep deprivation. Even so, the link between diet quality and bullying is generally overlooked. The present study examines the associations between diet quality, bully perpetration, and bully victimization in a cross-national sample of adolescents. Data come from the Health Behaviors of School Children (HBSC) survey, 2005/2006 (N=142,828-143,425). Youths from 41 countries/regions in North America and Europe reported features of their social context, various health behaviors, and their involvement in bullying...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039236/social-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-a-comparative-cross-national-study-among-32-560-nordic-adolescents
#14
Torbjørn Torsheim, Jens M Nygren, Mette Rasmussen, Arsæll M Arnarsson, Pernille Bendtsen, Christina W Schnohr, Line Nielsen, Maria Nyholm
AIMS: We aimed to estimate the magnitude of socioeconomic inequality in self-rated health among Nordic adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) using the Family Affluence Scale (a composite measure of material assets) and perceived family wealth as indicators of socioeconomic status. METHODS: Data were collected from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in 2013-2014. A sample of 32,560 adolescents from Denmark, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Greenland and Sweden was included in the study...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023838/association-between-experiencing-relational-bullying-and-adolescent-health-related-quality-of-life
#15
Kayleigh L Chester, Neil H Spencer, Lisa Whiting, Fiona M Brooks
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a public health concern for the school-aged population, however, the health outcomes associated with the subtype of relational bullying are less understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between relational bullying and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among young people. METHODS: This study utilized data from 5335 students aged 11-15 years, collected as part of the 2014 Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in England...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019054/the-happiest-kids-on-earth-gender-equality-and-adolescent-life-satisfaction-in-europe-and-north-america
#16
M E de Looze, T Huijts, G W J M Stevens, T Torsheim, W A M Vollebergh
Cross-national differences in adolescent life satisfaction in Europe and North America are consistent, but remain poorly understood. While previous studies have predominantly focused on the explanatory role of economic factors, such as national wealth and income equality, they revealed weak associations, at most. This study examines whether societal gender equality can explain the observed cross-national variability in adolescent life satisfaction. Based on the assumption that gender equality fosters a supportive social context, for example within families through a more equal involvement of fathers and mothers in child care tasks, adolescent life satisfaction was expected to be higher in more gender-equal countries...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985417/school-level-factors-associated-with-teacher-connectedness-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-structural-and-relational-school-determinants-of-young-people-s-health
#17
I García-Moya, F M Brooks, N H Spencer
Background: Conducting research on the antecedents of teacher connectedness (TC) is key to inform intervention and policy that can leverage the public health potential of teachers for young people's well-being. As part of the EU-funded Teacher Connectedness Project, this study aims to examine the contribution of a variety of school-level factors (including type of school, school size, student-teacher ratio, students per class and teacher gender). Methods: Sample consisted of 5335 adolescents aged 11, 13 and 15 years that had participated in the HBSC study in England...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932402/comparative-study-of-sickle-cell-anemia-and-hemoglobin-sc-disease-clinical-characterization-laboratory-biomarkers-and-genetic-profiles
#18
Milena Magalhães Aleluia, Teresa Cristina Cardoso Fonseca, Regiana Quinto Souza, Fábia Idalina Neves, Caroline Conceição da Guarda, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Bruna Laís Almeida Cunha, Camylla Villas Boas Figueiredo, Sânzio Silva Santana, Silvana Sousa da Paz, Júnia Raquel Dutra Ferreira, Bruno Antônio Veloso Cerqueira, Marilda de Souza Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluate the association of different clinical profiles, laboratory and genetic biomarkers in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) and hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC) in attempt to characterize the sickle cell disease (SCD) genotypes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from 2013 to 2014 in 200 SCD individuals (141 with SCA; 59 with HbSC) and analyzed demographic data to characterize the study population. In addition, we determined the association of hematological, biochemical and genetic markers including the βS-globin gene haplotypes and the 3...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894559/pattern-of-cerebral-blood-flow-velocity-using-transcranial-doppler-ultrasonography-in-children-with-sickle-cell-disorder-in-lagos-state-nigeria
#19
Motunrayo Oluwabukola Adekunle, Adeola Barakat Animasahun, Ijeoma Nnenna Diaku-Akinwumi, Olisamedua Fidelis Njokanma
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a common, devastating neurological complication of sickle cell disorder (SCD) with a high recurrent and mortality rate. The Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anaemia study (STOP) recommends routine screening with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in children aged two to sixteen years with SCD. The present study assessed cerebral blood flow velocities of children with SCD in accordance with the recommendation of routine screening by the STOP study. METHODS: Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was done for children with SCD that attended Sickle Cell Foundation, Nigeria between July and November 2015...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885599/family-social-environment-and-parenting-predictors-of-alcohol-use-among-adolescents-in-lithuania
#20
Linas Šumskas, Apolinaras Zaborskis
The role of the family as the social environment in shaping adolescent lifestyle has recently received substantial attention. This study was focused on investigating the association between familial and parenting predictors and alcohol use in school-aged children. Adolescents aged 13- and 15-year from a representative sample (N = 3715) of schools in Lithuania were surveyed during the spring of 2014. The methodology of the cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study was applied. HBSC international questionnaires were completed in the classroom anonymously for obtaining information about drinking of alcoholic beverages and family characteristics-family's affluence and structure, style of communication in the family, parenting style, parental monitoring, family time together, etc...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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