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Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Inês Camacho, Francisco Rivera, Carmen Moreno, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
The aim of this study was to analyse the contribution of social support from family, friend and school (teacher and classmate) contexts in substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) and well-being (life satisfaction and health-related quality of life). Participants were 5,784 Portuguese and 22,610 Spanish adolescents aged 11 to 16 years, from the 2014 edition of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Portugal and Spain. Results showed that for a higher life satisfaction, family (p < .001, partial η2 = ...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Shelly-Ann Williams, Beneka Browne-Ferdinand, Ynolde Smart, Kristen Morella, Susan G Reed, Julie Kanter
Objective: To pilot a newborn screening program for sickle cell disease (SCD) in St. Vincent and the Grenadines using a novel partnership method to determine the feasibility of a universal newborn screening program in this country. Methods: A prospective study of mothers and their newborns was conducted between January 1, 2015, and November 1, 2015, at the country's main hospital. Mothers of infants born at this hospital were offered screening for SCD for their infants. If accepted, the newborn's heel-stick blood specimen was obtained and mailed to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Newborn Screening Laboratory for testing...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
Paola Dalmasso, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Paola Berchialla, Franco Cavallo, Patrizia Lemma
Parental and peer support seems to be a favourable determining factor in the acculturation process among young immigrants. We aimed to assess the level of perceived support among first- and second-generation adolescent immigrants and compare it to that perceived by the adolescents from the host population. Using Italian HBSC survey data collected in 2013-2014, first- and second-generation immigrants aged 11, 13 and 15 years were classified according to their ethnic background as being from Western countries, Eastern European countries, or from non-Western/non-European countries...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Yi-Ching Lin, Janet D Latner, Xavier C C Fung, Chung-Ying Lin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between body image (actual and self-perceived weight status; feelings about appearance) and health outcomes (overall health, life satisfaction, and mental health) and between body image and experiences of being bullied. METHODS: Participants included 8,303 children from 7th to 10th grade in the Health Behavior of School-Aged Children (HBSC) 2009-2010 data set, a large-scale sample in the United States. Several multiple linear regressions (with health outcomes as dependent variables) and multivariate logistic regressions (with being bullied or not as dependent variable) were conducted to investigate the associations between each dependent variable and the following independent variables: relationship with parents, frustration with appearance, and actual and self-perceived weight status...
November 1, 2017: Obesity
Dorota Kleszczewska, Anna Dzielska, Hanna Nałęcz, Joanna Mazur
BACKGROUND: The wrong subjective assessment of body mass may have consequences for the health, quality of life and proper functioning of adolescents in society. AIM: The purpose of the study is to provide a detailed analysis of the discrepancies between the objective and subjective assessment of body mass by 15-year-old boys and girls in Poland against the background of international statistics and to assess the effect of physical activity on the level and directions of these discrepancies...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
Mikael Ahlborg, Petra Svedberg, Maria Nyholm, Antony Morgan, Jens M Nygren
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health predict future inequalities in adult health. Subjective measures of socioeconomic status (SES) may contribute with an increased understanding of these inequalities. The aim of this study was to investigate socioeconomic health inequalities using both a subjective and an objective measure of SES among Swedish adolescents. METHOD: Cross-sectional HBSC-data from 2002 to 2014 was used with a total sample of 23,088 adolescents aged 11-15 years...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
Dylan B Jackson
Bullying perpetration and victimization have been linked to a number of high-risk health behaviors, including involvement in sedentary activities and sleep deprivation. Even so, the link between diet quality and bullying is generally overlooked. The present study examines the associations between diet quality, bully perpetration, and bully victimization in a cross-national sample of adolescents. Data come from the Health Behaviors of School Children (HBSC) survey, 2005/2006 (N=142,828-143,425). Youths from 41 countries/regions in North America and Europe reported features of their social context, various health behaviors, and their involvement in bullying...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine
Torbjørn Torsheim, Jens M Nygren, Mette Rasmussen, Arsæll M Arnarsson, Pernille Bendtsen, Christina W Schnohr, Line Nielsen, Maria Nyholm
AIMS: We aimed to estimate the magnitude of socioeconomic inequality in self-rated health among Nordic adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years) using the Family Affluence Scale (a composite measure of material assets) and perceived family wealth as indicators of socioeconomic status. METHODS: Data were collected from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in 2013-2014. A sample of 32,560 adolescents from Denmark, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Greenland and Sweden was included in the study...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Kayleigh L Chester, Neil H Spencer, Lisa Whiting, Fiona M Brooks
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a public health concern for the school-aged population, however, the health outcomes associated with the subtype of relational bullying are less understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between relational bullying and health-related quality of life (HRQL) among young people. METHODS: This study utilized data from 5335 students aged 11-15 years, collected as part of the 2014 Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in England...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
M E de Looze, T Huijts, G W J M Stevens, T Torsheim, W A M Vollebergh
Cross-national differences in adolescent life satisfaction in Europe and North America are consistent, but remain poorly understood. While previous studies have predominantly focused on the explanatory role of economic factors, such as national wealth and income equality, they revealed weak associations, at most. This study examines whether societal gender equality can explain the observed cross-national variability in adolescent life satisfaction. Based on the assumption that gender equality fosters a supportive social context, for example within families through a more equal involvement of fathers and mothers in child care tasks, adolescent life satisfaction was expected to be higher in more gender-equal countries...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
I García-Moya, F M Brooks, N H Spencer
Background: Conducting research on the antecedents of teacher connectedness (TC) is key to inform intervention and policy that can leverage the public health potential of teachers for young people's well-being. As part of the EU-funded Teacher Connectedness Project, this study aims to examine the contribution of a variety of school-level factors (including type of school, school size, student-teacher ratio, students per class and teacher gender). Methods: Sample consisted of 5335 adolescents aged 11, 13 and 15 years that had participated in the HBSC study in England...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Public Health
Milena Magalhães Aleluia, Teresa Cristina Cardoso Fonseca, Regiana Quinto Souza, Fábia Idalina Neves, Caroline Conceição da Guarda, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Bruna Laís Almeida Cunha, Camylla Villas Boas Figueiredo, Sânzio Silva Santana, Silvana Sousa da Paz, Júnia Raquel Dutra Ferreira, Bruno Antônio Veloso Cerqueira, Marilda de Souza Gonçalves
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluate the association of different clinical profiles, laboratory and genetic biomarkers in patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) and hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC) in attempt to characterize the sickle cell disease (SCD) genotypes. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study from 2013 to 2014 in 200 SCD individuals (141 with SCA; 59 with HbSC) and analyzed demographic data to characterize the study population. In addition, we determined the association of hematological, biochemical and genetic markers including the β(S)-globin gene haplotypes and the 3...
2017: BMC Hematology
Motunrayo Oluwabukola Adekunle, Adeola Barakat Animasahun, Ijeoma Nnenna Diaku-Akinwumi, Olisamedua Fidelis Njokanma
Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a common, devastating neurological complication of sickle cell disorder (SCD) with a high recurrent and mortality rate. The Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anaemia study (STOP) recommends routine screening with transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in children aged two to sixteen years with SCD. The present study assessed cerebral blood flow velocities of children with SCD in accordance with the recommendation of routine screening by the STOP study. METHODS: Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography was done for children with SCD that attended Sickle Cell Foundation, Nigeria between July and November 2015...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Linas Šumskas, Apolinaras Zaborskis
The role of the family as the social environment in shaping adolescent lifestyle has recently received substantial attention. This study was focused on investigating the association between familial and parenting predictors and alcohol use in school-aged children. Adolescents aged 13- and 15-year from a representative sample (N = 3715) of schools in Lithuania were surveyed during the spring of 2014. The methodology of the cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study was applied. HBSC international questionnaires were completed in the classroom anonymously for obtaining information about drinking of alcoholic beverages and family characteristics-family's affluence and structure, style of communication in the family, parenting style, parental monitoring, family time together, etc...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Franziska Meinck, Alina Paula Cosma, Christopher Mikton, Adriana Baban
Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n=1733, 55...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
Rayra Pereira Santiago, Camilo Vieira, Corynne Stephanie Ahouefa Adanho, Sanzio Silva Santana, Caroline Conceição Guarda, Camylla Vilas Boas Figueiredo, Luciana Magalhães Fiuza, Thassila Nogueira Pitanga, Junia Raquel Dutra Ferreira, Milena Magalhães Aleluia, Rodrigo Mota Oliveira, Dalila Luciola Zanette, Isa Menezes Lyra, Marilda Souza Goncalves
Reference values for cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) in hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC) have not been established. We aimed to investigate associations between laboratory and genetic biomarkers associated with CBFV in HbSC children. Sixty-eight HbSC children were included; CBFV was analyzed by transcranial Doppler, and the time-averaged maximum mean velocity (TAMMV) was estimated. Hematological, biochemical, immunological, and genetic analyses were performed. TAMMV was negatively correlated with red blood cell count (RBC) count, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and direct bilirubin (DB), yet positively correlated with monocytes and ferritin...
2017: Disease Markers
Kwok Ng, Dagmar Sigmundová, Erik Sigmund, Jan Pavelka, Zdeněk Hamřík, Michal Molcho, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: Due to the importance of surveillance of injuries and accidents in the Czech Republic, the purpose of this study was to report the temporal trends of injuries of Czech adolescents between 2002 and 2014. METHODS: Adolescents (N=20,038) from the Czech Republic, that took part in the 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 HBSC study, reported the frequency of medically attended injuries in the past 12 months. Repeated binary logistic regressions with different years as reference categories were performed...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Jana Vašíčková, Tomáš Hollein, Dagmar Sigmundová, Sisko Honkala, Jan Pavelka, Michal Kalman
OBJECTIVE: Brushing one's teeth twice a day is the main self-care method to prevent the most prevalent non-communicable diseases. The aim of the study is to describe the trends in brushing teeth in 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old Czech children between 1994 and 2014. METHODS: One question about oral health from the HBSC study protocol was used in the six surveys (1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014). Altogether, 21,170 answers from boys and girls were analyzed using statistical description and binominal logistic regression...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Lenka Hodačová, Eva Hlaváčková, Dagmar Sigmundová, Michal Kalman, Jaroslava Kopčáková
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to examine cross-sectional time trends of life satisfaction and self-rated health in a representative sample of Czech children aged 11, 13 and 15 years using the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study data from the Czech Republic. METHODS: Data from survey years 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 was used. The sample consisted of 16,357 participants (48.5% of boys). Life satisfaction (LS) was measured by Cantril's ladder; self-rated health was measured through the simple item "Would you say your health is: excellent, good, fair, poor"...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Jana Vokáčová, Jana Vašíčková, Lenka Hodačová, Zuzana Půžová, Izabela Tabak
OBJECTIVE: Good parent-child communication is associated with adolescent well-being. The aim of the present study was to report time trends in parent-adolescent communication in biological and stepfamilies in the Czech Republic between 2002 and 2014 and to assess gender and age differences. METHODS: The research sample consisted of 16,160 adolescents aged 11, 13, and 15 years (48.1% of boys) who participated in the 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014 surveys within the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in the Czech Republic...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
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