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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340189/the-relationship-between-pain-severity-and-alcohol-use-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-drinking-motives
#1
Claudia Horn-Hofmann, Zina Trost, Anne Hublet, Sylvie Mrug, Joris Van Damme, Tine Vervoort
Objective. : Evidence from adult samples suggests a co-occurrence between pain and alcohol abuse. However, studies in adolescents are scarce and results are inconsistent, with some studies observing heightened and others observing reduced alcohol consumption in adolescents suffering from pain. We hypothesized that in adolescents the association between pain and alcohol use will be moderated by drinking motives. Methods. : Data from a large representative sample of Flemish school children and adolescents (N = 10,650, 50...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221266/body-mass-index-and-the-association-with-vaso-occlusive-crises-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease
#2
Andrea Zivot, Nataly Apollonsky, Edward Gracely, Deepti Raybagkar
BACKGROUND: Children with sickle cell disease (SCD) historically have been underweight and have poor overall growth. Recent studies have demonstrated a trend toward obesity in pediatric SCD populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Through retrospective chart review of patients with SCD followed at our center, we collected patient's data, including body mass index (BMI), weight percentiles, sickle cell genotype, baseline hemoglobin, medical and psychiatric comorbidities, 25-hydroxy vitamin D level, treatment with hydroxyurea, and chronic transfusions...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159023/factors-affecting-the-well-being-of-adolescents-living-with-unemployed-parents-in-times-of-economic-recession-findings-from-the-portuguese-hbsc-study
#3
D Frasquilho, M G de Matos, A Marques, T Gaspar, J M Caldas-de-Almeida
OBJECTIVES: Using a national representative sample of adolescents with unemployed parents, this study examined which factors (sociodemographic and of satisfaction with family life and peers) are related to the negative effect of parents' unemployment on emotional well-being. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study. METHODS: Data on adolescents (14.1 ± 1.7 years old), with at least one parent unemployed (n = 1311, 53.2% girls), was provided by the Portuguese Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study...
February 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105733/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-sickle-cell-disease
#4
REVIEW
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Adinegara Bl Abas, Nan Nitra Than, Han Ni, Jaspal Singh, Abdul Razzak Bin Mohd Said, Ifeyinwa Osunkwo
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a genetic chronic haemolytic and pro-inflammatory disorder. The clinical manifestations of sickle cell disease result from the presence of mutations on the beta globin genes that generate an abnormal haemoglobin product (called haemoglobin S) within the red blood cell. Sickle cell disease can lead to many complications such as acute chest syndrome, stroke, acute and chronic bone complications (including painful vaso-occlusive crisis, osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis and osteoporosis)...
January 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040734/social-inequality-in-adolescents-healthy-food-intake-the-interplay-between-economic-social-and-cultural-capital
#5
Bart De Clercq, Thomas Abel, Irene Moor, Frank J Elgar, John Lievens, Isabelle Sioen, Lutgart Braeckman, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: Current explanations of health inequalities in adolescents focus on behavourial and economic determinants and rarely include more meaningful forms of economic, cultural, and social capital. The aim of the study was to investigate how the interplay between capitals constitutes social inequalities in adolescent healthy food intake. METHODS: Data were collected in the 2013/14 Flemish Health Behavior among School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, which is part of the international WHO HBSC survey...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005272/prophylactic-versus-selective-blood-transfusion-for-sickle-cell-disease-in-pregnancy
#6
REVIEW
Babasola O Okusanya, Olufemi T Oladapo
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women with sickle cell disease (HbSS, HbSC and HbSβThal) may require blood transfusion to prevent severe anaemia or to manage potential medical complications. Preventive blood transfusion in the absence of complications starting from the early weeks of pregnancy or blood transfusion only for medical or obstetric indications have been used as management policies. There is currently no consensus on the blood transfusion policy that guarantees optimal clinical benefits with minimal risks for such women and their babies...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984631/interim-assessment-of-liver-damage-in-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-using-new-non-invasive-techniques
#7
Emma Drasar, Emer Fitzpatrick, Kate Gardner, Moji Awogbade, Anil Dhawan, Adrian Bomford, Abid Suddle, Swee L Thein
We explored transient elastography (TE) and enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF(™) ) score with standard markers of liver function to assess liver damage in 193 well patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Patients with HbSS or HbSβ(0) thalassaemia (sickle cell anaemia, SCA; N = 134), had significantly higher TE results and ELF scores than those with HbSC (N = 49) disease (TE, 6·8 vs. 5·3, P < 0·0001 and ELF, 9·2 vs. 8·6 P < 0·0001). In SCA patients, TE and ELF correlated significantly with age and all serum liver function tests (LFTs)...
February 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982424/knowledge-insufficient-the-management-of-haemoglobin-sc-disease
#8
REVIEW
Lydia H Pecker, Beverly A Schaefer, Lori Luchtman-Jones
Although haemoglobin SC (HbSC) accounts for 30% of sickle cell disease (SCD) in the United States and United Kingdom, evidence-based guidelines for genotype specific management are lacking. The unique pathology of HbSC disease is complex, characterized by erythrocyte dehydration, intracellular sickling and increased blood viscosity. The evaluation and treatment of patients with HbSC is largely inferred from studies of SCD consisting mostly of haemoglobin SS (HbSS) patients. These studies are underpowered to allow definitive conclusions about HbSC...
February 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957790/transcranial-doppler-in-hemoglobin-sc-disease
#9
Camilo Vieira, Carolina Nogueira Costa de Oliveira, Ludmila Araújo Borges de Figueiredo, Rayra Pereira Santiago, Corynne Stephanie Ahouefa Adanho, Sanzio Silva Santana, Caroline Lang Burak, Isa Menezes Lyra, Marilda Souza Goncalves
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a severe clinical disorder in sickle cell disease (SCD), and few studies have evaluated transcranial Doppler (TCD) flow velocities in hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC). The guidelines for stroke risk are based on evaluations in sickle cell anemia (SCA) or HbS/β thalassemia. PROCEDURE: In this study, we compare cerebral blood flow in patients with SCD stratified by genotypes. A total of 1,664 pediatric patients with SCD underwent TCD velocity screening, and the time-averaged maximum mean velocity (TAMM) was determined in the middle cerebral artery (MCA), anterior cerebral artery (ACA), and distal intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) ...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955660/the-role-of-community-social-capital-in-the-relationship-between-socioeconomic-status-and-adolescent-life-satisfaction-mediating-or-moderating-evidence-from-czech-data
#10
Thomas Buijs, Lea Maes, Ferdinand Salonna, Joris Van Damme, Anne Hublet, Vladimir Kebza, Caroline Costongs, Candace Currie, Bart De Clercq
BACKGROUND: The concept of social capital has been extensively used to explain the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent health and well-being. Much less is known about the specific mechanism through which social capital impacts the relationship. This paper investigates whether an individual's perception of community social capital moderates or mediates the association between SES and life satisfaction. METHODS: This study employs cross-sectional data from the 2009-2010 Czech Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children survey: a WHO Collaborative Cross-National Study (HBSC)...
December 12, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930902/a-large-scale-national-study-of-gambling-severity-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-adolescents-the-role-of-the-family
#11
Natale Canale, Alessio Vieno, Mark D Griffiths, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Patrizia Lemma, Paola Dalmasso, Massimo Santinello
AIM: The primary aim of the present study was to examine the association between immigrant generation, family sociodemographic characteristics, and problem gambling severity in a large-scale nationally representative sample of Italian youth. METHOD: Data from the 2013-2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Survey were used for cross-sectional analyses of adolescent problem gambling. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by a representative sample of 20,791 15-year-old students...
March 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#12
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908972/clustering-of-health-related-behaviors-among-early-and-mid-adolescents-in-tuscany-results-from-a-representative-cross-sectional-study
#13
Giacomo Lazzeri, Donatella Panatto, Alexander Domnich, Lucia Arata, Andrea Pammolli, Rita Simi, Mariano Vincenzo Giacchi, Daniela Amicizia, Roberto Gasparini
BACKGROUND: A huge amount of literature suggests that adolescents' health-related behaviors tend to occur in clusters, and the understanding of such behavioral clustering may have direct implications for the effective tailoring of health-promotion interventions. Despite the usefulness of analyzing clustering, Italian data on this topic are scant. This study aimed to evaluate the clustering patterns of health-related behaviors. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in Tuscany in 2010, which involved 3291 11-, 13- and 15-year olds...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885158/psychosocial-work-environment-in-school-and-students-somatic-health-complaints-an-analysis-of-buffering-resources
#14
Kristina Sonmark, Bitte Modin
AIM: This study explores the association between the psychosocial work environment in school and students' somatic health complaints. With its point of departure from the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) model, the aim was to examine how aspects of decision control and social support can moderate stress-related health implications of high psychological demands. METHODS: Data come from two cross-sectional waves of the Swedish version of Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC 2005/2006 and 2009/2010), which consists of a total of 9427 11-, 13- and 15-year-old students...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832817/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#15
Michael Tetteh Anim, Joseph Osafo, Felix Yirdong
BACKGROUND: Previous research revealed high prevalence of psychological symptoms among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in the West and Europe. In some Black SCD populations such as Nigeria and Jamaica, anxiety and depression had low prevalence rates compared to Europe. With difficulty locating research data on the prevalence of psychological symptoms in Ghana, this study aimed at exploring psychological symptoms among adults with SCD in a Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: Two hundred and one participants (males 102 and females 99) who were HbSS (n = 131) and HbSC (n = 70), aged 18 years and above were purposively recruited...
November 10, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815286/is-risk-taking-behaviour-more-prevalent-among-adolescents-with-learning-disabilities
#16
Michaela Palfiova, Zuzana Dankulincova Veselska, Daniela Bobakova, Jana Holubcikova, Ivo Cermak, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
BACKGROUND: Reports from schools indicate that adolescents with learning disabilities (LD) frequently show risk-taking behaviour (RTB), but evidence is lacking. The aim of the study was to assess the associations between LD status and RTBs among Slovak adolescents and to explore whether family affluence and family composition have a moderating or mediating role in these associations. METHODS: Data from the Slovak national HBSC study 2014 were analyzed. The sample comprised 1549 15-year-old adolescents (mean age: 15...
November 3, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793551/alcohol-tobacco-and-cannabis-use-do-students-with-mild-intellectual-disability-mimic-students-in-the-general-population
#17
Dibia Liz Pacoricona Alfaro, Virginie Ehlinger, Stanislas Spilka, Jim Ross, Mariane Sentenac, Emmanuelle Godeau
Education policies encourage inclusion of students with mild-intellectual disability (mild-ID) in community/school life. However, such policies potentially increase exposure to substance use. This article examines tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use among French students enrolled in special units for students with disabilities (ULIS) at mainstream junior high schools compared to those of general population of the equivalent age; and explores factors associated with substance use among ULIS students, known to present mostly mild-ID...
October 25, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783063/family-affluence-and-the-eating-habits-of-11-to-15-year-old-czech-adolescents-hbsc-2002-and-2014
#18
Jaroslava Voráčová, Erik Sigmund, Dagmar Sigmundová, Michal Kalman
Socioeconomic inequalities in eating habits have a profound impact on the health of adolescents. The aim of the present study was to evaluate socioeconomic disparities in the eating habits of Czech adolescents and to compare their change between 2002 and 2014. The data from the Czech Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study conducted in 2002 and 2014 was utilized. The Family Affluence Scale (FAS) was used to assess socioeconomic disparities. Higher odds of daily consumption of fruit (2002: OR = 1...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776167/birth-weights-in-sickle-cell-disease-pregnancies-a-cohort-study
#19
Daveena Meeks, Susan E Robinson, David Macleod, Eugene Oteng-Ntim
Pregnancy in women with Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) has been linked with an increased incidence of adverse foetal outcomes when compared to women without haemoglobinopathies (HbAA). There's a paucity of data into foetal outcomes for infants born to women with SCD. Customised growth charts have been demonstrated to be better than population-based growth charts at identifying unhealthy small babies. We analysed the mean birth weight and customised birth weight centiles of infants born to mothers with SCD versus mothers with HbAA genotype, to quantify the risk of having a smaller baby...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763836/trends-and-demographic-characteristics-of-physical-fighting-and-fighting-related-injuries-among-canadian-youth-1993-2010
#20
Maya Djerboua, Bingshu E Chen, Colleen Davison
OBJECTIVES: Physical fighting is a behaviour of concern that puts adolescents at increased risk for injury. The study objectives were to: 1) describe current patterns of physical fighting and fighting-related injury among Canadian adolescents, and 2) investigate potential trends in fighting and fighting-related injuries during the period 1993-2010. METHODS: Canadian data from cycles 2-6 (1993-2010) of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study were used, giving cross-sections for 61,465 grade 6-10 students...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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