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Kleio Koutra, George Kritsotakis, Manolis Linardakis, Nikoleta Ratsika, Anna Kokkevi, Anastas Philalithis
BACKGROUND: Smoking is among the health risk behaviors taken up by many adolescents with lifelong consequences and associations with multiple health risk behaviors. Smoking and smoking initiation in adolescence involves an interaction between micro-, meso-, and macro systems, including neighborhoods and the greater community. OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of individual social and economic capital with self-reported health, life satisfaction, and smoking behavior in adolescents...
October 19, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Monika R Asnani, Kim R Quimby, Nadia R Bennett, Damian K Francis
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease is a group of genetic diseases which is especially prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions; however, forced migration and ongoing population movement have spread it throughout the world, with estimated birth rates reaching 0.49 per 1000 in the Americas, 0.07 per 1000 in Europe, 0.68 per 1000 in South and Southeast Asia, and 10.68 per 1000 in Africa. Life for individuals with sickle cell disease can be affected by repeated acute complications and compounded by progressive organ damage...
October 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Benjamin Fife, Renata Forste
PURPOSE: Approximately one third of adolescents in the United States report experiencing frequent headaches and stomachaches. We examined the association of psychosocial and physical factors with the report of weekly headaches or stomachaches using a representative sample of US teens. METHODS: Data for this project are from the survey of Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2005-2006, a nationally representative sample of students in grades 6-10 in the United States...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Ellen Klemera, Fiona M Brooks, Kayleigh L Chester, Josefine Magnusson, Neil Spencer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to examine if the multiple environments of the adolescent including family, peers, school and neighbourhood might function as protective health assets against self-harming behaviour during adolescence. METHODS: The present study utilised data collected from 1608 respondents aged 15 years as part of the England WHO Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Study. Multilevel modelling was undertaken using the package MLwiN (version 2...
September 22, 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Geneviève Gariépy, Frank J Elgar
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in psychological health symptoms in Canadian youth from 2002 to 2014 and examine gender and socioeconomic differences in these trends. METHOD: We used data from the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. We assessed psychological symptoms from a validated symptom checklist and calculated a symptom score (range, 0-16). We stratified our analyses by gender and affluence tertile based on an index of material assets...
September 12, 2016: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Sung Seek Moon, Heeyoung Kim, Kristen Seay, Eusebius Small, Youn Kyoung Kim
Being bullied is a well-recognized trauma for adolescents. Bullying can best be understood through an ecological framework since bullying or being bullied involves risk factors at multiple contextual levels. The purpose of the study was to identify the risk and protective factors that best differentiate groups along with the outcome variable of interest (being bullied) using Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis. The study used the Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC) data collected from a nationally representative sample of students in grades six through ten during the 2005-2006 school years...
September 2016: Child Indicators Research
T Baška, A Madarasová-Gecková, M Bašková, A Krajčovič
OBJECTIVES: To analyze selected indicators of alcohol use (lifetime use, initiation of drinking at ≤13 years of age, weekly use, beverage preferences, initiation of drunkenness at ≤13 years of age and lifetime drunkenness) in adolescents in Slovakia from 2006 to 2014. STUDY DESIGN: The Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study is a cross-sectional questionnaire study. METHODS: A standardized uniform questionnaire was used in representative samples of 11-, 13- and 15-year-old adolescents...
October 2016: Public Health
Jeff Spector, Gayani C Kodippili, Ken Ritchie, Philip S Low
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by an inherited mutation in hemoglobin that leads to sickle hemoglobin (HbS) polymerization and premature HbS denaturation. Previous publications have shown that HbS denaturation is followed by binding of denatured HbS (a.k.a. hemichromes) to band 3, the consequent clustering of band 3 in the plane of the erythrocyte membrane that in turn promotes binding of autologous antibodies to the clustered band 3, and removal of the antibody-coated erythrocytes from circulation. Although each step of the above process has been individually demonstrated, the fraction of band 3 that is altered by association with denatured HbS has never been determined...
2016: PloS One
Adrienne W Scott
Sickle cell disease (SCD), the most common inherited blood disorder, is characterized by defective oxygen transport. Every part of the eye can be affected by microvascular occlusions from SCD; however, the major cause of vision loss is proliferative sickle cell retinopathy (PSR). Although individuals with the HbSS genotype of SCD manifest more systemic morbidity and those with the HbSC genotype have a milder clinical course, those with HbSC have an increased risk of developing PSR and resultant vision loss...
September 2016: Southern Medical Journal
Benoit V Tudrej, Anne-Laure Heintz, Pierre Ingrand, Ludovic Gicquel, Philippe Binder
BACKGROUND: Adolescents often have emotional and behavioural problems that general practitioners are likely to miss. While nearly 80% of them consult their GP every year, it is usually for physical, not psychological reasons. Trust in their GPs in necessary for screening. OBJECTIVES: To identify the key quality desired by adolescents for them to feel free to confide in GPs. To determine whether this quality differed according to gender, level of at-risk behaviours or interlocutor: friend, parent or GP...
September 3, 2016: European Journal of General Practice
A Gupta, C M Davidson, M A McIsaac
INTRODUCTION: Surveys that collect information on injuries often focus on the single "most serious" event to help limit recall error and reduce survey length. However, this can mask less serious injuries and result in biased incidence estimates for specific injury subcategories. METHODS: Data from the 2002 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey and from the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (CHIRPP) were used to compare estimates of sports injury incidence in Canadian children...
August 2016: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Katharina Rathmann, Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Ana M Osorio, Klaus Hurrelmann, Frank J Elgar, Lucia Bosakova, Matthias Richter
BACKGROUND: Many OECD countries have replied to economic recessions with an adaption in public spending on social benefits for families and young people in need. So far, no study has examined the impact of public social spending during the recent economic recession on health, and social inequalities in health among young people. This study investigates whether an increase in public spending relates to a lower prevalence in health complaints and buffers health inequalities among adolescents...
2016: BMC Public Health
Letícia C Baptista, Maria Laura Costa, Regiane Ferreira, Dulcinéia M Albuquerque, Carolina Lanaro, Kleber Y Fertrin, Fernanda G Surita, Mary A Parpinelli, Fernando F Costa, Mônica Barbosa de Melo
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a complex disease that is characterized by the polymerization of deoxyhemoglobin S, altered red blood cell membrane biology, endothelial activation, hemolysis, a procoagulant state, acute and chronic inflammation, and vaso-occlusion. Among the physiological changes that occur during pregnancy, oxygen is consumed by fetal growth, and pregnant women with SCD are more frequently exposed to low oxygen levels. This might lead to red blood cells sickling, and, consequently, to vaso-occlusion...
October 2016: Annals of Hematology
Yang Liu, Mei Wang, Jorma Tynjälä, Jari Villberg, Yan Lv, Lasse Kannas
BACKGROUND: Various studies have demonstrated the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and health and health behaviour among adolescents. However, few studies have compared the socioeconomic difference in adolescent smoking between countries with different stage of smoking. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and adolescent smoking in Beijing, China and Finland through the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
2016: BMC Public Health
Katharina Rathmann, Timo-Kolja Pförtner, Klaus Hurrelmann, Ana M Osorio, Lucia Bosakova, Frank J Elgar, Matthias Richter
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the impact of recessions on young people's socioeconomic inequalities in health. This study investigates the impact of the economic recession in terms of youth unemployment on socioeconomic inequalities in psychological health complaints among adolescents across Europe and North America. METHODS: Data from the WHO collaborative 'Health Behaviour in School-aged Children' (HBSC) study were collected in 2005/06 (N = 160,830) and 2009/10 (N = 166,590) in 31 European and North American countries...
September 2016: International Journal of Public Health
Ryan Eid, Ashok Raj, Darren Farber, Vinay Puri, Salvatore Bertolone
Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is extremely rare in children, and only 2 other reports have described the occurrence of SCI in patients with hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC). Amusement park accidents are serious injuries. Patients with preexisting conditions, such as hypertension, cardiac disease, and recent back or neck injuries, may be at an increased risk. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with HbSC with a past history of only 2 admissions for pain crises, who presented to the emergency department with symptoms of SCI after riding a roller coaster...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Kelly Morgan, Britt Hallingberg, Hannah Littlecott, Simon Murphy, Adam Fletcher, Chris Roberts, Graham Moore
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated associations between individual- and school-level predictors and young people's self-reported physical activity (total activity and moderate-to-vigorous activity) and sedentary behaviours. METHODS: Individual-level data provided by the 2013/14 cross-sectional survey 'Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Wales' were linked to school-level data within the 'HBSC School Environment Questionnaire'. The final sample comprised 7,376 young people aged 11-16 years across 67 schools...
2016: BMC Public Health
Izabela Tabak, Joanna Mazur
INTRODUCTION: One reason of increased psychological and somatic health problems in adolescence is intensification of stress in school and everyday life. There is little evidence to what extent the level of school achievements shapes this relationship. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate determinants of subjective health complaints in schoolaged children, taking into account the interaction effects. METHODS: Anonymous survey was conducted in Poland in 2013/2014 on the sample of 4,545 students, as a part of the HBSC (Health Behaviour in School-aged Children) study...
January 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Abdoul Karim Ouattara, Pouiré Yameogo, Birama Diarra, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Albert Yonli, Tegwindé Rebeca Compaore, Serge Théophile Soubeiga, Florencia Wenkuuni Djigma, Jacques Simpore
The G-6-PD deficiency has an important polymorphism with genotypic variants such as 202A/376G, 376G/542T and 376G/968T known in West African populations. It would confer protection against severe forms of malaria although there are differences between the various associations in different studies. In this study we genotyped six (06) variants of the G-6-PD gene in people with symptomatic malaria in urban areas in Burkina Faso. One hundred and eighty-two (182) patients who tested positive using rapid detection test and microscopy were included in this study...
2016: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Apolinaras Zaborskis, Dainora Sirvyte, Nida Zemaitiene
BACKGROUND: In the past decades Lithuania has been experiencing a very high suicide rate among young people and there are scarce data on the role of the family in shaping these people suicidal behaviour. This study investigated the prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts, as well as their association with a range of familial factors in a representative sample of Lithuanian adolescents. METHODS: Study subjects (N = 3572) were adolescents aged 13- and 15-years from the schools in Lithuania who were surveyed in Spring 2014 according to the methodology of the cross-national Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC)...
2016: BMC Public Health
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