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Nelli Lyyra, Raili Välimaa, Jorma Tynjälä
AIM: The first aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of loneliness and subjective health complaints (SHCs) among school-aged children in Finland. The second aim was to analyse to what extent perceived loneliness explains any variance in SHCs among school-aged children. METHOD: A representative sample of 5925 Finnish children and adolescents from grades 5 ( Mage =11.8 years), 7 ( Mage =13.8) and 9 ( Mage =15.8) completed the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Honor Young, Lorraine Burke, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
BACKGROUND: The need to tackle sexual health problems and promote positive sexual health has been acknowledged in Irish health policy. Young people's sexual behaviour however remains under-researched with limited national data available. METHODS: This study presents the first nationally representative and internationally comparable data on young people's sexual health behaviours in Ireland. Self-complete questionnaire data were collected from 4494 schoolchildren aged 15-18 years as part of a broader examination of health behaviour and their context...
March 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Adilson Marques, Jorge Mota, Tânia Gaspar, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
Background/objective: In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the associations between physical fitness (PF) and psychosocial aspects of health. This study aimed to analyse the associations between self-reported PF and self-rated health (SRH), life-satisfaction (LS), and quality of life (QoL). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 3554 adolescents (1652 boys), aged 13-18, from the HBSC Portuguese survey. PF, health, LS and OoL were self-rated...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Mette Rasmussen, Trine Pagh Pedersen, Nina Føns Johnsen, Rikke Fredenslund Krølner, Bjørn E Holstein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the trend in social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents in Denmark from 2002 to 2014 using occupational social class (OSC) as socio-economic indicator. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional school surveys including four waves of data collection in 2002-2014. The analyses focused on absolute social inequality (difference between high and low OSC in low vegetable intake) as well as relative social inequality (OR for low vegetable intake by OSC)...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Nancy L Van Buren, Jed B Gorlin, Robyn C Reed, Jerome L Gottschall, Stephen C Nelson
BACKGROUND: Acute splenic sequestration crisis is a complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) occurring when intrasplenic red blood cell (RBC) sickling prevents blood from leaving the spleen, causing acute splenic enlargement. Although typically seen in young children, it has been reported in older children with hemoglobin (Hb)SC disease, eventually resulting in functional asplenia. Ceftriaxone is a frequently used antibiotic of choice for children with SCD, because of its efficacy against invasive pneumococcal disease...
February 22, 2018: Transfusion
Yang Liu, Tomi Lintonen, Jorma Tynjälä, Jari Villberg, Raili Välimaa, Kristiina Ojala, Lasse Kannas
AIMS: The aims of this study were to explore time-based trends of socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness in Finnish adolescents from 1990 to 2014 and to investigate the significance of two indicators in detecting socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness. METHODS: Data were retrieved from seven surveys conducted as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Finland from 1990 to 2014. The alcohol use and drunkenness of 15-year-old students, as well as socioeconomic status, including educational aspiration and perceived family wealth, were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gabriel Fernandez de Grado, Virginie Ehlinger, Emmanuelle Godeau, Mariane Sentenac, Catherine Arnaud, Cathy Nabet, Paul Monsarrat
OBJECTIVES: To describe tooth brushing frequency and its association with a wide range of socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics, using a nationally representative sample of school-aged children in France. METHODS: Our sample included 11,337 students aged from 10 to 16 years, who answered the HBSC questionnaire. Some variables were grouped into composite variables, thus generating scores for: eating habits, health and body, relationships with parents, socioeconomic status (SES) of family, and school life...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
The predictors of engaging in physical violence appear to be quite diverse, covering an array of social and psychological risk factors. The present study expands upon this literature by exploring the link between diet quality and physical fighting during early adolescence using cross-national data from the 2005/2006 Health Behaviors of School Children (HBSC) survey. The results reveal that the rate of physical fighting was 40% higher among youths with lower quality diets, whereas the odds of frequent physical fighting were 68% higher, relative to youths with better diets...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
B E Holstein, A Andersen, A M Denbaek, A Johansen, S I Michelsen, P Due
BACKGROUND: The association between socio-economic status (SES) and headache among adolescents is an understudied issue, and no study has examined whether such an association changes over time. The aim was to examine trends in socio-economic inequality in frequent headache among 11- to 15-year-olds in Denmark from 1991 to 2014, using occupational social class (OSC) as indicator of SES. METHODS: The study applies data from the Danish part of the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
January 19, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Randy Boyes, Dylan E O'Sullivan, Brooke Linden, Michael McIsaac, William Pickett
Canadian adolescents have some of the highest rates of substance use in the world. The etiology of this phenomenon has not been fully explored, and one possible contextual determinant is involvement in sport activities that foster risk-taking behaviors through physical and social mechanisms. Using the 2013-14 Health Behaviour in School Aged Children (HBSC) study we therefore examined this hypothesis in a contemporary national sample of Canadian adolescents. The strength and direction of the relationship between sport and substance use varied by gender and substance, with team sport participation associated with increased binge drinking (RR 1...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
N F Johnsen, M Toftager, O Melkevik, B E Holstein, M Rasmussen
The aim of this study was to investigate social inequality in physical inactivity among adolescents from 1991 to 2014 and to describe any changes in inequality during this period. The analyses were based on data from the Danish part of the HBSC study, which consists of seven comparable cross-sectional studies of nationally representative samples of 11-15-year old adolescents. The available data consisted of weekly time (hours) spent on vigorous physical activity and parental occupation from 30,974 participants...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
James P Wirth, Rashid Ansumana, Bradley A Woodruff, Aminata S Koroma, Mary H Hodges
OBJECTIVE: By measuring the associations between the presence of sickle cell and β-thalassemia genes, we assessed the extent to which these hemoglobinopathies contribute to the high prevalence of anemia observed in preschool-aged children and women of reproductive age in Sierra Leone. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia was statistically significantly higher in children with homozygous sickle cell genes (HbSS) than in children with normal hemoglobin genes (HbAA or HbAC), but there was no difference in anemia prevalence in those with heterozygous sickle cell trait (HbAS or HbSC) compared with those with normal hemoglobin genes...
January 17, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Pernille Due, Mogens T Damsgaard, Katrine R Madsen, Line Nielsen, Signe B Rayce, Bjørn E Holstein
AIMS: The aims of this study were: (a) to examine trends in daily emotional symptoms among 11- to 15-year-olds from 1991 to 2014 in Denmark, and (b) to examine trends in social inequality in daily emotional symptoms, that is, whether the differences in prevalence between adolescents with parents of varying occupational social class changed over time. METHODS: We combined seven comparable cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys ( N=31,169)...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Fiona Brooks, Valerie Michaelson, Nathan King, Jo Inchley, William Pickett
OBJECTIVES: Spirituality has been proposed as a potential health asset a 'developmental engine' that works by fostering the search for connectedness, meaning and purpose. The aim is to examine to what extent spiritual health might be protective of young people's overall health and well-being. METHODS: In 2014, young people aged 11, 13, and 15 years in England, Scotland and Canada were surveyed as part of the HBSC study (n = 26,701). The perceived importance of spiritual health and domains (connections with self, others, nature, and the transcendent) was measured in these countries...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Yekaterina Chzhen, Irene Moor, William Pickett, Emilia Toczydlowska, Gonneke W J M Stevens
Background: In spite of many positive trends that have emerged in the health of young people, adolescents from more affluent groups continue to experience more favourable health outcomes. There are no groups that are more vulnerable than those who report very poor ('bottom-end') indicators of health behaviour. The present study investigated the role of socio-economic factors as potential determinants of bottom-end health behaviours pertaining to physical activity and diet. Methods: Our analysis incorporated health data for some 700 000 15-year-old adolescents in 34 countries...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Giacomo Lazzeri, Paola Dalmasso, Paola Berchialla, Alberto Borraccino, Lorena Charrier, Mariano V Giacchi, Rita Simi, Michela Lenzi, Alessio Vieno, Patrizia Lemma, Franco Cavallo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this research is to update the trend in overweight (including obesity) prevalence among Italian adolescents, evaluating possible differences by age and gender, and analyzing their relationships with socioeconomic status, between 2002 and 2014. METHODS: The present study is based on data from the Italian HBSC study at four time points (2002, 2006, 2010 and 2014), which involved 15 035 adolescents, aged 11-13-15 (7540 boys and 7495 girls). RESULTS: Gender and age were associated with the occurrence of overweight...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Leslie Ramos Salazar
Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration continues to be a serious public health, criminal justice, victimology, and educational problem in middle schools in the United States. Adolescents are at a higher risk of experiencing cyberbullying as a victim and/or as a bully given the frequency of their use of the Internet via social networking sites such as Facebook and mobile devices such as cell phones and tablets. To address this important problem, the purpose of this investigation was to examine cyberbullying victimization through communication technology as a predictor of cyberbullying perpetration, body image, healthy eating and dieting behaviors, and life satisfaction of sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade-level middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Godwin Oligbu, Sarah Collins, Carmen Sheppard, Norman Fry, Moira Dick, Allison Streetly, Shamez Ladhani
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation, risk factors, serotype distribution and outcomes of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) following the introduction of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) in the UK. DESIGN: Prospective national newborn screening for SCD and enhanced national IPD surveillance. PARTICIPANTS: Children with SCD born in England between 1 September 2010 and 31 August 2014 who developed laboratory-confirmed IPD by 31 December 2015...
December 27, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Eduardo Pelegrineti Targueta, André Carramenha de Góes Hirano, Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos, João Augusto Dos Santos Martines, Silvana Maria Lovisolo, Aloisio Felipe-Silva
Sickle cell disease encompasses a wide range of genotypic presentation with particular clinical features. The entity affects millions of people, particularly those whose ancestors came from sub-Saharan Africa and other countries in the Western Hemisphere, Saudi Arabia, and India. Currently, the high frequency of S and C genes reflects natural selection through the protection of heterozygotes against severe malaria, the high frequency of consanguineous marriages, improvement of some public health policies and the nutritional standards in the poorer countries where newborns are now living long enough to present for diagnosis and management...
October 2017: Autopsy & Case Reports
Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Inês Camacho, Francisco Rivera, Carmen Moreno, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
The aim of this study was to analyse the contribution of social support from family, friend and school (teacher and classmate) contexts in substance use (tobacco and alcohol use) and well-being (life satisfaction and health-related quality of life). Participants were 5,784 Portuguese and 22,610 Spanish adolescents aged 11 to 16 years, from the 2014 edition of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Portugal and Spain. Results showed that for a higher life satisfaction, family (p < .001, partial η2 = ...
November 20, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
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