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Antonia Jiménez-Iglesias, Carmen Moreno, Irene García-Moya, Francisco Rivera
BACKGROUND: Adolescent girls' family context and psychological characteristics play important roles in their sexual behavior, including the use of the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP). This study aims to (1) determine the prevalence of ECP use among girls who have had sexual intercourse and (2) comparatively analyze their family and psychological profiles according to whether they have used ECPs. METHODS: The sample of 1735 Spanish girls aged 15 to 18 came from a representative sample of the 2014 edition of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
May 16, 2018: BMC Women's Health
Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Shervin Assari
Although actual obesity is expected to be associated with perceived overweight, some recent studies in adults have suggested that this link may be smaller for Blacks than Whites. It is unknown, however, whether the same trend holds for children or not. This study explored the heterogeneity of the association between actual and perceived obesity in a national sample of American children by race, gender, and their intersection. Health Behavior in School-Aged Children (HBSC), 2009⁻2010, is a national study of children 17 years or less in the United States...
May 14, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Catalina Medina, Alejandra Jáuregui, Ismael Campos-Nonato, Simón Barquera
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence and trends of physical activity (PA) in children and adolescents from Ensanut 2012 and Ensanut MC 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physical activity levels were obtained from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) and the International Physical Activity (IPAQ) questionnaires for children and adolescents respectively. RESULTS: More than 80% of the children and 35% of the adolescents in Mexico do not meet the PA recom¬mendations...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
Lene Lochte, Poul Erik Petersen, Kim G Nielsen, Anette Andersen, Thomas A E Platts-Mills
Background: Asthma in paediatric populations is one of the highest public health concerns. In this study of children and adolescents, we hypothesized that low levels of physical activity (PA) would show associations with asthma that vary by asthma outcome. The objective was to assess whether PA was associated with ever asthma and/or current asthma . Methods: Analyses were based on 4824 Danish schoolchildren aged 11-15 years old (48.7% boys) participating in the HBSC survey...
2018: Asthma Research and Practice
Kastytis Šmigelskas, Tomas Vaičiūnas, Justė Lukoševičiūtė, Marta Malinowska-Cieślik, Marina Melkumova, Eva Movsesyan, Apolinaras Zaborskis
Background: This study aims to explore how sufficient social support can act as a possible preventive factor against fighting and bullying in school-aged children in 9 European countries. Methods : Data for this study were collected during the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. The sample consisted of 9 European countries, involving 43,667 school children in total, aged 11, 13 and 15 years. The analysed data focus on social context (relations with family, peers, and school) as well as risk behaviours such as smoking, drunkenness, fighting and bullying in adolescents...
April 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Charles Antwi-Boasiako, Eric S Donkor, Fredericka Sey, Bartholomew Dzudzor, Gifty B Dankwah, Kate H Otu, Alfred Doku, Campbell A Dale, Ivy Ekem
BACKGROUND: Soluble adhesion molecules are involved in the gathering and joining of inflammatory cells to vascular endothelium. Therefore, they serve as potential markers of endothelial dysfunction in vascular diseases including sickle cell disease (SCD). In Ghana, there are scarcely any report on the levels of adhesion molecules among SCD patients. The current study aimed to determine plasma levels of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-Selectin as markers of endothelial dysfunction in SCD patients in steady state, complications and controls...
April 21, 2018: Diseases (Basel)
Caroline Piccininni, Valerie Michaelson, Ian Janssen, William Pickett
Exposures to outdoor environments have great potential to be protective factors for the mental health of young people. In a national analysis of Canadian adolescents, we explored how such exposures, as well as self-perceptions of connectedness with nature, each related to the prevalence of recurrent psychosomatic symptoms. The data source for this cross-sectional study, consisting of a weighted sample of 29,784 students aged 11-15 years from 377 schools, was the 2013/2014 cycle of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
April 18, 2018: Preventive Medicine
Paul Guedeney, François Lionnet, Alexandre Ceccaldi, Katia Stankovic Stojanovic, Ariel Cohen, Sarah Mattioni, Gilles Montalescot, Claude Bachmeyer, Richard Isnard, Jean-Philippe Haymann, Nadjib Hammoudi
Cardiac involvement is well characterized in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) but cardiac features associated with Haemoglobin SC (HbSC) disease are mostly unknown. We compared 60 patients with HbSC disease (median age 31 years, 25 men) to 60 SCA patients and 60 controls matched for age and gender. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricle (LV) mass index (LVMi), cardiac index and peak tricuspid regurgitation velocity (TRV) were measured using echocardiography. LV filling pressures were assessed using the ratio of early diastolic transmitral velocity to tissue velocity (E/e' ratio)...
April 20, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
András Költő, Honor Young, Lorraine Burke, Nathalie Moreau, Alina Cosma, Josefine Magnusson, Béat Windlin, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Emmanuelle Godeau, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
Sexual orientation is a multidimensional phenomenon, which includes identity, behavior, and attraction. The attraction component, however, is less studied than the other two. In this article, we present the development of a two-item measure to identify adolescents who prefer same- and both-gender partners for love and dating. The questions were administered to nationally representative samples of 15-year-old adolescents in eight European countries and regions participating in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) cross-national study...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Ross Whitehead, Jo Inchley, Montse Giralt, Candace Currie, Rosa Solà
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present manuscript are to analyse self-reported data on weight, including the missing data, from the 2014 Scottish Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Study, and to investigate whether behavioural factors related with overweight and obesity, namely dietary habits, physical activity and sedentary behaviour, are associated with weight non-response. RESEARCH METHODS & PROCEDURES: 10839 11-, 13- and 15-year-olds participated in the cross-national 2014 Scottish HBSC Study...
February 12, 2018: Nutrition
Kailash Asawa, Nandini Sen, Nagesh Bhat, Mridula Tak, Pratibha Sultane, Vishal Patil
AIM: This study aims to assess the association of sugary foods and drinks consumption with behavioral risk and oral health status of 12- and 15-year-old government school children in Udaipur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among of 12- and 15-year-old government schoolchildren of Udaipur. A survey pro forma designed based on HBSC (Health behaviour in School-aged Children) study protocol and WHO Oral Health Assessment Form for Children (2013) was used...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Agata Wypych-Ślusarska, Elżbieta Czech, Joanna Kasznia-Kocot, Jerzy Słowiński, Ewa Niewiadomska, Michał Skrzypek, Jolanta Malinowska-Borowska
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Poverty and low level of education pose the biggest threats to public health. Moreover, they generate inequalities in public healthThe aim of the study was to check if there are any inequalities in health among teenagers living in Bytom, Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 2011 and 2012, an epidemiological cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,099 students from lower secondary schools from Bytom. The students completed a questionnaire which was based on an earlier Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study (HBSC)...
March 14, 2018: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Nelli Lyyra, Raili Välimaa, Jorma Tynjälä
AIM: The first aim of this study was to explore the prevalence of loneliness and subjective health complaints (SHCs) among school-aged children in Finland. The second aim was to analyse to what extent perceived loneliness explains any variance in SHCs among school-aged children. METHOD: A representative sample of 5925 Finnish children and adolescents from grades 5 ( Mage =11.8 years), 7 ( Mage =13.8) and 9 ( Mage =15.8) completed the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Honor Young, Lorraine Burke, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn
BACKGROUND: The need to tackle sexual health problems and promote positive sexual health has been acknowledged in Irish health policy. Young people's sexual behaviour however remains under-researched with limited national data available. METHODS: This study presents the first nationally representative and internationally comparable data on young people's sexual health behaviours in Ireland. Self-complete questionnaire data were collected from 4494 schoolchildren aged 15-18 years as part of a broader examination of health behaviour and their context...
March 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Adilson Marques, Jorge Mota, Tânia Gaspar, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
Background/objective: In recent years, there has been an increased interest in the associations between physical fitness (PF) and psychosocial aspects of health. This study aimed to analyse the associations between self-reported PF and self-rated health (SRH), life-satisfaction (LS), and quality of life (QoL). Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 3554 adolescents (1652 boys), aged 13-18, from the HBSC Portuguese survey. PF, health, LS and OoL were self-rated...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness
Mette Rasmussen, Trine Pagh Pedersen, Nina Føns Johnsen, Rikke Fredenslund Krølner, Bjørn E Holstein
OBJECTIVE: To examine the trend in social inequality in low intake of vegetables among adolescents in Denmark from 2002 to 2014 using occupational social class (OSC) as socio-economic indicator. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional school surveys including four waves of data collection in 2002-2014. The analyses focused on absolute social inequality (difference between high and low OSC in low vegetable intake) as well as relative social inequality (OR for low vegetable intake by OSC)...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Nancy L Van Buren, Jed B Gorlin, Robyn C Reed, Jerome L Gottschall, Stephen C Nelson
BACKGROUND: Acute splenic sequestration crisis is a complication of sickle cell disease (SCD) occurring when intrasplenic red blood cell (RBC) sickling prevents blood from leaving the spleen, causing acute splenic enlargement. Although typically seen in young children, it has been reported in older children with hemoglobin (Hb)SC disease, eventually resulting in functional asplenia. Ceftriaxone is a frequently used antibiotic of choice for children with SCD, because of its efficacy against invasive pneumococcal disease...
April 2018: Transfusion
Yang Liu, Tomi Lintonen, Jorma Tynjälä, Jari Villberg, Raili Välimaa, Kristiina Ojala, Lasse Kannas
AIMS: The aims of this study were to explore time-based trends of socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness in Finnish adolescents from 1990 to 2014 and to investigate the significance of two indicators in detecting socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness. METHODS: Data were retrieved from seven surveys conducted as part of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in Finland from 1990 to 2014. The alcohol use and drunkenness of 15-year-old students, as well as socioeconomic status, including educational aspiration and perceived family wealth, were assessed via a self-report questionnaire...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
Gabriel Fernandez de Grado, Virginie Ehlinger, Emmanuelle Godeau, Mariane Sentenac, Catherine Arnaud, Cathy Nabet, Paul Monsarrat
OBJECTIVES: To describe tooth brushing frequency and its association with a wide range of socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics, using a nationally representative sample of school-aged children in France. METHODS: Our sample included 11,337 students aged from 10 to 16 years, who answered the HBSC questionnaire. Some variables were grouped into composite variables, thus generating scores for: eating habits, health and body, relationships with parents, socioeconomic status (SES) of family, and school life...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Dylan B Jackson, Michael G Vaughn
The predictors of engaging in physical violence appear to be quite diverse, covering an array of social and psychological risk factors. The present study expands upon this literature by exploring the link between diet quality and physical fighting during early adolescence using cross-national data from the 2005/2006 Health Behaviors of School Children (HBSC) survey. The results reveal that the rate of physical fighting was 40% higher among youths with lower quality diets, whereas the odds of frequent physical fighting were 68% higher, relative to youths with better diets...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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