keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

knee treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237873/combined-effect-of-toe-out-gait-and-high-tibial-osteotomy-on-knee-adduction-moment-in-patients-with-varus-knee-deformity
#1
C Whelton, A Thomas, D W Elson, A Metcalfe, S Forrest, C Wilson, C Holt, G Whatling
BACKGROUND: Gait adaptations, including toe out gait, have been proposed as treatments for knee osteoarthritis. The clinical application of toe out gait, however, is unclear. This study aims to identify the changes in Knee adduction moment in varus knee deformity assessing toe out gait as an alternative to high tibial osteotomy, and if any change in dynamic loading persists post operatively, when anatomical alignment is restored. METHODS: Three-dimensional motion analysis was performed on 17 patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis and varus deformity prior to undergoing high tibial osteotomy, 13 patients were assessed post-operatively, and results compared to 13 healthy controls...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237612/effects-of-chondroitin-sulfate-on-brain-response-to-painful-stimulation-in-knee-osteoarthritis-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#2
Jordi Monfort, Jesús Pujol, Oren Contreras-Rodríguez, Jone Llorente-Onaindia, Marina López-Solà, Laura Blanco-Hinojo, Josep Vergés, Marta Herrero, Laura Sánchez, Hector Ortiz, Francisco Montañés, Joan Deus, Pere Benito
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis is causing pain and functional disability. One of the inherent problems with efficacy assessment of pain medication was the lack of objective pain measurements, but functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has emerged as a useful means to objectify brain response to painful stimulation. We have investigated the effect of chondroitin sulfate (CS) on brain response to knee painful stimulation in patients with knee osteoarthritis using fMRI. METHODS: Twenty-two patients received CS (800mg/day) and 27 patients placebo, and were assessed at baseline and after 4 months of treatment...
February 22, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237215/comparison-of-outpatient-vs-inpatient-total-knee-arthroplasty-an-acs-nsqip-analysis
#3
Patawut Bovonratwet, Nathaniel T Ondeck, Stephen J Nelson, Jonathan J Cui, Matthew L Webb, Jonathan N Grauer
BACKGROUND: There has been a recent surge of interest in performing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the outpatient setting to reduce cost and increase patient satisfaction. Detailed information on the safety of outpatient TKA in large sample sizes is scarce. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary, elective TKA were identified in the 2005-2014 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Outpatient procedure was defined as having a hospital length of stay of 0 days, whereas inpatient procedure was defined as having a length of stay ≥1 days...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236570/arthroscopic-ablation-of-an-osteoid-osteoma-of-the-elbow-a-case-series-with-a-minimum-of-18-months-follow-up
#4
Reza Shahryar Kamrani, Amirhossein Moradi, Arash Sharafat Vaziri, Mohammad Hossein Nabian, Bahareh Ghane
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic excision of an osteoid osteoma was first reported in the knee joint; since then, there have been several reports of arthroscopic excisions in the knee, shoulder, and elbow, with inconclusive outcomes because of a limited number of cases. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the medium-term functional effects of arthroscopic ablation in cases of an osteoid osteoma around the elbow. METHODS: We treated osteoid osteoma of the elbow through arthroscopic ablation in 10 patients...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236094/-diseases-and-overuse-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities-in-long-distance-runners
#5
REVIEW
M Tschopp, F Brunner
Running is one of the most popular sports worldwide, with running events attracting hundreds of thousands of runners of all age groups. Running is an effective way to improve health but is also associated with a high risk of injuries. Up to 50% of regular runners report having more than one injury each year. Some injuries are caused by an accident but most are caused by overuse. The most frequent diagnoses are patellofemoral pain syndrome, tibial stress syndrome (shin splint), Achilles tendinopathy, iliotibial band friction syndrome (runner's knee), plantar fasciitis and stress fractures of the metatarsals and tibia...
February 24, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236080/what-are-the-frequency-associated-factors-and-mortality-of-amputation-and-arthrodesis-after-a-failed-infected-tka
#6
Min-Sun Son, Edmund Lau, Javad Parvizi, Michael A Mont, Kevin J Bozic, Steven Kurtz
BACKGROUND: For patients with failed surgical treatment of an infected TKA, salvage operations such as arthrodesis or above-knee amputation (AKA) may be considered. Clinical and institutional factors associated with AKA and arthrodesis after a failed TKA have not been investigated in a large-scale population, and the utilization rate and trend of these measures are not well known. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) How has the frequency of arthrodesis and AKA after infected TKA changed over the last 10 years? (2) What clinical or institutional factors are associated with patients undergoing arthrodesis or AKA? (3) What is the risk of mortality after arthrodesis or AKA? METHODS: The Medicare 100% National Inpatient Claims Database was used to identify 44,466 patients 65 years of age or older who were diagnosed with an infected TKA and who underwent revision between 2005 and 2014 based on International Classification of Diseases, 9(th) Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231651/radiographic-measurement-of-joint-space-width-using-the-fixed-flexion-view-in-1-102-knees-of-japanese-patients-with-osteoarthritis-in-comparison-with-the-standing-extended-view
#7
Hiroyuki Kan, Yuji Arai, Masashi Kobayashi, Shuji Nakagawa, Hiroaki Inoue, Manabu Hino, Shintaro Komaki, Kazuya Ikoma, Keiichiro Ueshima, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Toshikazu Kubo
Purpose: The fixed flexion view (FFV) of the knee is considered useful for evaluating the joint space when assessing the severity of osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. To clarify the usefulness of FFV for evaluation of the joint space and severity of knee OA, this study evaluated changes in the joint space on the FFV and standing extended view (SEV) in patients with knee OA. Materials and Methods: The SEV and FFV images were acquired in 567 patients (1,102 knees) who visited the hospital with a chief complaint of knee joint pain...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231648/evaluation-of-infection-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-during-a-short-period
#8
Hee-June Kim, Hyun-Joo Lee, Jong-Chul Lee, Seung-Gi Min, Hee-Soo Kyung
Purpose: We encountered 7 cases (7.1%) of infection (5 deep and 2 superficial) in 98 cases of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction using hamstring autografts in a 17-month period. The aim of this study was to analyze the causes of infection and to introduce our treatment strategy. Materials and Methods: We investigated the shelf-life of the fixation implants, the order of surgery, previous knee surgery, infectious pathogen, treatment of infection, and results of treatment...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228789/long-term-outcome-of-grade-iii-and-iv-chondral-injuries-of-the-knee-treated-with-steadman-microfracture-technique
#9
Marco Pellegrino, Ermanno Trinchese, Michele Bisaccia, Giuseppe Rinonapoli, Luigi Meccariello, Gabriele Falzarano, Antonio Medici, Luigi Piscitelli, Pellegrino Ferrara, Auro Caraffa
INTRODUCTION: The aim of our study is to demonstrate the effectiveness of Steadman microfracture technique in the management of high-grade chondral defects at the level of the knee by clinical follow-ups at eleven years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a study conducted on fifteen patients suffering from Outerbridge grade III and IV chondral lesions of the knee, who underwent Steadman microfracture surgery between 2003 and 2004. Selective exclusion criteria to prevent that other treatments or comorbidities could invalidate the results were used...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228115/weight-loss-and-exercise-for-communities-with-arthritis-in-north-carolina-we-can-design-and-rationale-of-a-pragmatic-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Stephen P Messier, Leigh F Callahan, Daniel P Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz, Richard F Loeser, Sara A Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) than either intervention alone. Compared to previous long-term weight loss and exercise trials of knee OA, our intensive diet-induced weight loss and exercise intervention was twice as effective at reducing pain intensity. Whether these results can be generalized to less intensively monitored cohorts is unknown...
February 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228100/influence-of-hooks-and-a-lag-screw-on-internal-fixation-plates-for-lateral-malleolar-fracture-a-biomechanical-and-ergonomic-study
#11
Rina Sakai, Masataka Uchino, Terumasa Yoneo, Yasuaki Ohtaki, Hiroaki Minehara, Terumasa Matsuura, Tsutomu Gomi, Masanobu Ujihira
BACKGROUND: For internal fixation of AO classification Type B lateral malleolar fracture, insertion of lag screws into the fracture plane and fixation with a one-third tubular plate as a neutralization plate are the standard treatment procedures. The one-third tubular plate is processed to a hook shape and hung on the distal end of the fibula. In this study, to compare the function of the hook and lag screws of a one-third tubular plate and LCP for osteosynthesis of lateral malleolar fracture, mechanical indices of internal fixation were compared among the one-third tubular plates with lag screws with and without the hook and a locking compression plate...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226340/oral-oxycodone-for-acute-postoperative-pain-a-review-of-clinical-trials
#12
Chi Wai Cheung, Stanley Sau Ching Wong, Qiu Qiu, Xianyu Wang
BACKGROUND: Opioids are the mainstay of pain management for acute postsurgical pain. Oral oxycodone is an opioid that can provide effective acute postoperative pain relief. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. STUDY DESIGN: This is a narrative review based on published articles searched in PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015 on oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management. METHODS: Clinical trials related to the use of oral oxycodone for acute postoperative pain management were searched via PubMed and Medline from 2003 to 2015...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224443/report-of-the-clinical-and-functional-primary-outcomes-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-similar-outcomes-in-men-receiving-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-1-and-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#13
Amelia J H Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Jacob J Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Athletes often are cleared to return to activities 6 months after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction; however, knee function measures continue to improve up to 2 years after surgery. Interventions beyond standard care may facilitate successful return to preinjury activities and improve functional outcomes. Perturbation training has been used in nonoperative ACL injury and preoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, but has not been examined in postoperative ACL reconstruction rehabilitation, specifically return to sport rehabilitation...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224442/report-of-the-primary-outcomes-for-gait-mechanics-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-does-not-restore-gait-symmetry-in-men-1-or-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#14
Jacob John Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Movement asymmetries during walking are common after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction and may influence the early development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative neuromuscular training (like perturbation training, which is neuromuscular training requiring selective muscle activation in response to surface perturbations) improves gait asymmetries and functional outcomes among people who are ACL-deficient, but the effect of postoperative perturbation training on gait mechanics after ACL reconstruction is unknown...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224299/clinical-impact-of-sarcopenia-and-relevance-of-nutritional-intake-in-patients-before-and-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
Shouichi Tanaka, Osamu Imataki, Atsuo Kitaoka, Shuji Fujioka, Etsuyo Hanabusa, Yumiko Ohbayashi, Makiko Uemura, Nobuo Arima, Tetsuji Yamamoto
PURPOSE: We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the effect of rehabilitation on minimizing sarcopenia during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) therapy. METHODS: We developed a protocol to test for retention of physical function during HSCT. Muscle strength, muscle circumference, and muscle function before and after HSCT were measured. Consecutive patients with hematological malignancies who underwent HSCT treatment were recruited in this research...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224190/what-is-a-periprosthetic-shoulder-infection-a-systematic-review-of-two-decades-of-publications
#16
REVIEW
Jason E Hsu, Jeremy S Somerson, Kiet V Vo, Frederick A Matsen
PURPOSE: While as many as 50% of revision shoulder arthroplasties are culture positive, a consistent, clinically useful definition of a "periprosthetic shoulder infection" is lacking. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature with respect to (1) the definition of a "periprosthetic shoulder infection", (2) the pre-operative evaluation for possible infection, and (3) the harvesting and culturing of specimens at the time of surgical revision. METHODS: Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines, we identified 20 studies concerning infection at the time of revision shoulder arthroplasty...
February 21, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224072/concomitant-arthroscopic-meniscal-allograft-transplantation-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#17
Bryan M Saltzman, Justin W Griffin, Nathan Wetters, Maximilian A Meyer, Brian J Cole, Adam B Yanke
In recent decades, arthroscopic meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT) has been refined as a robust option for the treatment of evolving unicompartmental tibiofemoral arthrosis in the setting of meniscal deficiency. It is imperative that the MAT be performed in a knee with anatomic stability and alignment to reduce aberrant biomechanical forces experienced by the allograft tissue to maintain its durability. Thus, in an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knee, ACL reconstruction (ACLR) must be performed to restore the stable knee environment for the MAT to succeed...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224070/combined-particulated-juvenile-cartilage-allograft-transplantation-and-medial-patellofemoral-ligament-reconstruction-for-symptomatic-chondral-defects-in-the-setting-of-recurrent-patellar-instability
#18
Armin Arshi, Dean Wang, Kristofer J Jones
Successful management of patellar osteochondral lesions has proved difficult, with unreliable outcomes reported using traditional cartilage repair and restoration procedures. Unique considerations for this type of defect include the multiplanar contours of the articular surface of the patella, high compressive and shear forces with knee range of motion that may disrupt graft healing, and the potential need for concomitant surgery to address patellar malalignment and instability. We describe our preferred method for treatment of a symptomatic chondral defect in the setting of recurrent patellar instability using particulated juvenile articular cartilage allograft transplantation and medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction with semitendinosus allograft...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224064/anterior-horn-meniscal-repair-using-an-outside-in-suture-technique
#19
Travis J Menge, Chase S Dean, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Robert F LaPrade
The menisci are important structures within the knee that play a critical role in maintaining proper stability, load distribution, and joint lubrication. Injury to the menisci has been found to significantly alter the complex biomechanics of the knee, and thus affect the health and longevity of the native joint. Tears involving the anterior horn are increasingly recognized as an important pathology. Although early treatment of meniscal tears focused primarily on removal of the injured tissue, recent attention on the long-term consequences of partial or total meniscectomy has led to increased attempts at meniscus repair whenever possible...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222709/combined-application-versus-topical-and-intravenous-application-of-tranexamic-acid-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-meta-analysis
#20
Pei Zhang, Yuan Liang, Pengtao Chen, Yongchao Fang, Jinshan He, Jingcheng Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of intravenous (IV) or topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty has been proven to be effective and safe in total hip arthroplasty. However, which of these two administration routes is better has not been determined. The combined administration of TXA has been used in total knee arthroplasty with satisfactory results. We hypothesized that combined application of TXA may be the most effective way without increased rate of thrombotic events such as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolisms (PE) in patients subjected to primary total hip replacement (THA)...
February 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
keyword
keyword
88358
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"